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  • Jonsson Holm, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Andersson, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Building Competitive Advantage Through Open Innovation: A case study in the financial technology sector2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The modern financial industry includes fast-changing technology, new regulations, and markets where companies at times find themselves at disadvantage. This study focuses on how organizations can build competitive advantage, particularly by drawing on the open innovation concept. We conceptualize its relationship to competitive advantage as a strategy of using and developing dynamic capabilities in business ecosystems. This view is empirically analysed through qualitative data from four organizational actors in the financial technology (fintech) sector, using semi-structured interviews and a case study approach.

    The results of the study show that there is a so-called fintech business ecosystem where collaboration and openness generate new opportunities and new innovations. It also shows that the capabilities networking and scanning, investment processes and an open, agile organizational culture are essential to gain advantage of the opportunities in the business ecosystem. In building competitive advantage from open innovation process, these capabilities provide speed and are necessary to find external resources that can effectively be united with internal key resources, creating unique resource combinations. This indicates that companies should focus on activities that enable these capabilities.

  • Law, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Finance.
    Vahlqvist, Marja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Finance.
    Can Bitcoin be used as a hedge against the Swedish market?: Does Bitcoin have hedging capabilities against the OMXS30, or is it just a diversifier in a portfolio?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bitcoin has gained more recognition than ever before, and the interest in cryptocurrencies seems to grow exponentially. Without any central government regulating Bitcoin, a global user group has adopted this new technology, which is designed to be used as a currency for trading without banks. Empirical studies focus on revealing the true characteristic of cryptocurrencies. Are they a currency, an asset or something else? This paper explores the potential of Bitcoin as a financial asset when used for hedging and portfolio diversification. A regression analysis will be performed to analyse if Bitcoin can be used as a hedge against OMXS30. This analysis yields insignificant values, which leads to a complication in the conclusion. The result imply that Bitcoin is an inadequate hedge, but may possess diversification properties. Studying Bitcoin in relation to OMXS30, Dow Jones, Nikkei 225, Gold and Oil results in correlation values close to zero. By using the mean-variance optimization method, two portfolios are created, one including and one excluding Bitcoin. We show that by including Bitcoin in the portfolio the risk can be decreased on a given return rate. Considering the low and insignificant correlation values with other assets and the better riskreturn ratio when Bitcoin is included in a portfolio, we conclude that Bitcoin can be a suitable diversification tool.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-15 10:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Dalirian, Maryam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Investigating parameters governing liquid-phase cloud activation of atmospheric particles2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aerosol-cloud interactions are one of the main sources of uncertainties in modeling and predicting the Earth’s climate. To overcome this uncertainty, we need to improve the understanding about the processes and parameters defining how aerosol particles turn into cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) or ice nuclei (IN) to produce cloud droplets or ice crystals. The focus of this dissertation is on liquid phase cloud droplets. The thesis investigates the effect of water solubility and surface tension on the CCN activity of atmospheric aerosol particles. These parameters are among the key properties defining how an aerosol particle can turn into a cloud droplet. The main goals of this thesis are to investigate 1) the CCN activity of aerosol particles containing both water soluble and insoluble substances and 2) the contribution of molecular-scale surface structure to the surface tension and CCN activity of atmospherically relevant aqueous mixtures.

    In the first part of this thesis, the CCN activity of water-insoluble aerosol constituents coated by water-soluble or sparingly soluble species was investigated. The results showed that the CCN activity of the insoluble silica and black carbon particles, with sizes between 100 and 300 nm, increased with the amount of the coating on the insoluble cores and at thick enough coating approached the CCN activity of the soluble species. Moreover, controlled dry coating of the insoluble BC cores yielded a size-independent distribution of the coating material on the insoluble cores, which was not achieved by wet coating of the silica particles. The results also confirmed that by knowing the fraction of soluble material (coating thicknesses), the existing theories gave a reasonable estimate of the CCN activity for the mixed soluble-insoluble particles. Finally, the results highlight the need for including the impacts of co-emitted or later condensed compounds in estimates of the climate impacts of atmospheric insoluble aerosol species.

    In the second part of the thesis, surface propensity of succinic acid, pure or mixed with soluble inorganic salts in the aqueous droplets, were quantified via molecular-level surface composition measurement by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations of succinic acid aqueous solutions showed strong enrichment of the succinic acid at the surface of the liquid droplets compared to the bulk solution. This effect was more pronounced in the presence of the highly soluble inorganic salts like NaCl and (NH4)2SO4 in the system. The modeled surface tension of the pure organic or mixture of organic and inorganic substances, using surface enrichment factors derived from the XPS experiments were in good agreement with the experimental surface tension data. This demonstrates the high potential of XPS for direct measurements of the surface composition of atmospherically relevant aqueous mixtures. The results suggest that for modeling the phase-state and water content of the atmospheric particles, the contribution by the surface layer needs to be considered, because aqueous droplet can contain larger amounts of organic compounds than the bulk solubility limit of the solutions. However, the effect of the aqueous surface composition on the CCN activation of particles consisting of the studied mixtures was estimated to be very small.

    The results presented in this thesis provide new insights into the relationship between aerosol particle composition and cloud condensation nuclei activity. However, the effect of more realistic complex mixtures will require more research. The results showed that for modeling semi-volatile species, the partitioning between the gas and condensed phase needs to be considered. In addition, along with the liquid-phase cloud activation, the ice nucleation ability of the particles made of soluble and insoluble species requires to be further investigated.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-15 10:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-Salen), Stockholm
    Galafassi, Diego
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The Transformative Imagination: Re-imagining the world towards sustainability2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central task for sustainability science in the Anthropocene is to offer guidance on alternative pathways of change. Even though this search and implementation of pathways towards sustainability is likely to require profound social-ecological transformations, little is yet known about the individual and collective capacities needed to support such transformations. This thesis explores the connection between human imagination and sustainability transformations, and introduces the notion of the transformative imagination to support methodological innovation in sustainability sciences, and practices aiming to support transformations towards sustainability. The transformative imagination is suggested to support fundamentally new ways of seeing, feeling, encountering and envisioning the world. The thesis takes a transdisciplinary action-research approach and studies how specific participatory practices, including the arts, may foster the transformative imagination as a means to more skilfully respond to, anticipate and shape social-ecological trajectories in the Anthropocene. The four included papers, each explores how practices may support particular features of the imagination as a transformative capacity. Paper I analyses a case in coastal Kenya where participatory modelling and future scenarios are applied to foster imagination of dynamics of interdependences and trade-offs within the context of poverty alleviation and ecosystems change. Paper II explores system diagrams and scenarios as practices for the development of social-ecological narratives that may support robust interventions in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. Paper III implements, and studies how an art-based approach based on performances, visual methods and an art installation, could support transformative visions of the Iberian Peninsula in the context of extreme climate change. Paper IV is a literature review of the potential contributions of the arts to transformations, in the context of climate change. These papers focus on different features of imagination, which under certain circumstances may progressively develop into societal transformative capacities with the potential to re-structure current social-ecological realities. Overall, this thesis is a step towards forging new kinds of reflexive, imaginative and deliberative practices that can support the emergence of local arrangements of a sustainable world where life can carry on.

  • Andersson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Blomberg, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ”Tänk om jag nu skulle gå ut och skrika på snön, för att jag ska få tussilago att blomma” - En intervjustudie om att vara anhörig till en person med överkonsumtion av alkohol2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många påverkas runt om personen som överkonsumerar alkohol, men

    forskningen gällande målgruppen är begränsad. Syftet med studien var

    att fånga upplevelsen av att vara anhörig till en närstående som

    överkonsumerar alkohol. Frågeställningar: 1) Vilka former av

    belastning upplever den anhöriga? 2) Vilka känslor är förknippade

    med den belastning den anhöriga upplever? 3) Hur mycket upplever

    den anhöriga att den kan påverka alkoholkonsumtionen? 4) Hur

    mycket upplever den anhöriga att den kan påverka sin belastning?

    Forskningsansatsen var kvalitativ, fenomenologisk. Sju

    semistrukturerade djupintervjuer analyserades genom tematisk analys.

    Resultaten visade att anhöriga upplevde flera stressorer,

    t ex relationssvårigheter, försämrad hälsa och känslomässig

    belastning. Coping-strategier användes i försök att minska

    alkoholkonsumtionen, samt för att hantera belastningen. Varierad

    upplevelse av framgång rapporterades. Studien bekräftade resultat

    från tidigare forskning att socialt stöd är viktigt för anhöriga men

    skam blir ett hinder att söka socialt stöd. Centralt blir därför ett

    respektfullt och icke-dömande bemötande från omgivningen och fråga

    för framtida forskning är om anhörigstöd bör innehålla interventioner

    riktade mot hantering av skam.

  • Hornsved, Emilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Make Feminism Radical Again": En ideologikritisk undersökning av H&M:s användning av feministiska budskap, och dess konsekvenser för feminismens politiska agenda2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to find out in what ways the global clothing company H&M uses political and ideological statements, such as feminism, as a sales strategy. I have noticed an expanding trend in fashion; the use of feminism as branding, and how companies such as H&M have started profiling themselves with feminism. This could be seen as a typical neoliberal-femvertising phenomenon. In this essay, I use critique of ideology, a method developed by the Frankfurt school, to examine how H&M expresses feminism through their clothes, whether H&M’s production could be considered as a feminist one, and what consequences H&M’s use of feminist ideology have on the feminist political movement. To be able to answer these questions, I use gender theory and postcolonial theory. My aim is to show how neoliberal/capitalist ideologies often contain cultural and political appropriation, where an ideology such as feminism is exploited in order to make a higher profit. My conclusion is that when companies use feminist statements in their clothing they use irony and humour to emphasize positivity, such as “girl power”, instead of confronting structural inequalities among the sexes and harmful norms and gender stereotypes within this hierarchy. The consequence of this process is that feminism is depoliticized, which is harmful to the feminist political agenda. 

  • Hornsved, Emilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    ”Make Feminism Radical Again”: En ideologikritisk undersökning av H&M:s användning av feministiska budskap, och dess konsekvenser för feminismens politiska agenda. 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to find out in what ways the global clothing company H&M uses political and ideological statements, such as feminism, as a sales strategy. I have noticed an expanding trend in fashion; the use of feminism as branding, and how companies such as H&M have started profiling themselves with feminism. This could be seen as a typical neoliberal-femvertising phenomenon. In this essay, I use critique of ideology, a method developed by the Frankfurt school, to examine how H&M expresses feminism through their clothes, whether H&M’s production could be considered as a feminist one, and what consequences H&M’s use of feminist ideology have on the feminist political movement. To be able to answer these questions, I use gender theory and postcolonial theory. My aim is to show how neoliberal/capitalist ideologies often contain cultural and political appropriation, where an ideology such as feminism is exploited in order to make a higher profit. My conclusion is that when companies use feminist statements in their clothing they use irony and humour to emphasize positivity, such as “girl power”, instead of confronting structural inequalities among the sexes and harmful norms and gender stereotypes within this hierarchy. The consequence of this process is that feminism is depoliticized, which is harmful to the feminist political agenda. 

  • Samuelsson, Moa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    “Alltid rätt klädd”: En etnologisk studie av Leksandsdräkten idag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks betydelsen och användandet av Leksandsdräkten idag med utgångspunkt i hur ett antal personer med egen anknytning till dräkten förhåller sig till den. Syftet är att undersöka både vad dräkten berättar och symboliserar, hur den används och varför den används men även hur intervjupersonerna förhåller sig till vad som är rätt och fel. Det huvudsakliga materialet i denna studie består av intervjuer med personer som alla har en koppling till Leksandsdräkten, antingen genom sitt arbete eller för att de är aktiva i föreningar där dräkten har en betydande roll. Med utgångspunkt i begreppen kulturarv, Bourdieus fältbegrepp, identitet och skav/skev, som utgår från etnologen Michelle Göranssons avhandling Materialiserade sexualiteter, diskuteras intervjupersonernas relation till dräkten, hur och varför de använder den och vad den berättar. Uppsatsen avslutas i en diskussion kring dräktens betydelser och hur den skall göras tillgänglig för alla som vill bära den samtidigt som den representerar en lokal plats och bär på en, både gemensam och personlig, historia och tradition.

  • Vossman Strömberg, Anneli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att förstå sitt lärande: En pilotstudie av högstadieelevers uppfattningar om metakognitiva frågor i ämnena bild och svenska2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This pilot study aims to test how recommended methods to promote students’ metacognitive thinking can be used. Metacognition is about “learning how to learn” and is related to conceptions like feedback, self-regulation and formative assessment. Research shows that students that get training in metacognition increase their performances. One of the goals according to the Swedish Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre 2011/2017 is that students shall develop the ability to assess their results. I have examined how students in grade seven answer and apprehend metacognitive questions in the compulsory subjects Art and Swedish. The students answered metacognitive questions at three different times: when planning, when carrying through and when evaluating the task. In connection to answering the questions they also answered a questionnaire about their conception of the metacognitive questions. The intention is to use the result of the pilot study to prepare for a larger study. A qualitative research method has been used in this study. The result show that it’s substantial that the teachers find out about the students different preunderstanding of the metacognitive questions. The majority of the students find the metacognitive question useless, but for different reasons. If the students don’t understand the questions they think that the questions are something in addition to the task. If the students have a high metacognitive preunderstanding they will consider the questions as redundant. Most students thought that the metacognitive questions took time from the task they were supposed to do. Some students expressed great dissatisfaction, big frustration and irritation over the questions. To be able to train metacognitive thinking methodically with desired effect the students have to be motivated. A key factor is that the students understand what the training is supposed to leading. The teacher has to work in different ways with different groups of students with this.

  • Mases Calson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Skola och privatliv - två skilda världar?: En kvalitativ studie om fem grundskoleelevers medievanor och bildundervisningens multimodalitet.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har fem grundskoleelever i årskurs 3-6 intervjuats om deras uppfattningar av bildundervisningens relevans i relation till deras erfarenheter av visuell kultur. Gemensamt för eleverna var att de på olika vis använde sig av sociala forum och var vana mediala orienterare. Bildämnet har under tid förändrats och läroplanen ställer nu även krav på multimodal undervisning med digitala verktyg. Resultatet avslöjar dock att undervisningen inte motsvarat samhällets utveckling vilket lämnat eleverna att önska en mer digitaliserad undervisning.

    Insamlandet av empiri har skett genom kvalitativa intervjuer där jag löpande fört anteckningar för hand och därefter bearbetat materialet genom ett digitalt skrivprogram. Empirin har analyserats utifrån det multimodala perspektivet, ett relativt nytt perspektiv vilket bygger på kommunikation genom olika teckensystem och medier.  

  • Vidhall, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Bedömning av generiska kompetenskunskapskrav: En kvalitativ studie av ekonomilärares bedömning av generiska kompetenskunskapskrav inom UF och kursen Entreprenörskap och företagande.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen undersöks hur sex ekonomilärare på gymnasiet resonerar runt bedömningsarbetetav en rad generiska och kompetensbaserade kunskapskrav i kursen Entreprenörskap och företagande. Detta för att utreda om bedömningen bedrivs i linje med skolans styrdokumentsamt huruvida bedömningen baseras på entreprenöriella kompetenser.Lärarnas redogörelser visar att entreprenöriella kompetenser utgören central del av bedömningen och indikerar vidare att bedömningen lever upp till styrdokumentens formuleringar. Vissa skillnader identifierades mellan lärarna gällande tillvägagångssättet vilket tillskrivs det professionens friutrymme. Utöver detta visar uppsatsen att lärarna upplever kompetenskunskapskraven som enkla för eleverna att uppnå samt att utbildningskonceptet Ung Företagsamhet underlättar lärarnas bedömningsarbete.

  • Renger, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Att förstå elevers missförstånd: Om olika tolkningar av analysbegreppet i en samhällsvetenskaplig lärandesituation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag utifrån ett konstruktivistiskt perspektiv undersökt elevers olika tolkningar av analysbegreppet genom att undersöka elva elevers skriftliga analys av en konflikt som en del av en examination. Detta har gjorts induktivt i en tematisk analys med förhoppningen att kunna öka förståelsen för elevers uppfattning om analysbegreppet. I analysen har fyra olika teman skapats utifrån hur eleverna tolkade uppgiften ochi relation till litteratur på området: analys som personligt tyckande, analys som förklarande text, analys som utredande text och analys som kritisk granskning. Den tematiska analysen visar att majoriteten av eleverna gjorde tolkningen analys som förklarande text, vilket kan anses vara problematiskt då genren förklarande text inte innehåller de språkliga drag som krävs för att skriva de typer av utredande och kritiskt granskande texter som bättre överensstämmer med vad lärare förmodligen förväntar sig av en samhällsvetenskaplig analys och som utmärker de högre betygsnivåerna. Vikten av att utveckla elevers litteracitet belyses därmed och även att läraren har koll på sina förväntningar och hur de förmedlas.

    En diskussion förs kring analyshämmande faktorer som outtalade och motstridiga krav på vetenskaplighet, hur vetenskapligt språk och text kan fungera analyshämmande samt hur ofta reflexmässiga positivistiska och liberala tankesystem kan hindra analysen. Grundläggande har varit att undvika så kallad kognitiv reduktionism, alltså att söka enkla, övergripande förklaringar till varför eleverna inte uppnår förväntade studieresultat och att skillnader i elevers prestation är att de tänker fundamentalt olika. Relationen mellan tänkande och språk, intentionen bakom handlingar och de vetenskapliga begreppens betydelse för lärande är centralt. En viktig lärdom är att förståelse inte innebär passivt upprepande utan aktiv reflektion och att den genererade kunskapen är beroende av hur vi tolkar våra upplevelser, vilket innebär att lärandet måste börja i elevernas föreställningsvärld. Analys används med speciell betydelse inom många vetenskapliga områden samtidigt som en analys kan se ut på olika sätt och vara på olika nivåer. Det är viktigt att läraren är medveten om elevers (och kanske även sin egen) osäkerhet kring analysbegreppets mångtydighet. Samtidigt är det angeläget med mer empirisk forskning på området för att reda ut analysbegreppet och klargöra dess innebörd i olika kontexter och även utöka processkunskap om vad analytisk förmåga egentligen innebär.

  • Chang, Liu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Ghost in the shell: Studies on subsurface oxygen in oxide-derived copper nanocube catalysts2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the passage of time and the advancement of our industrial civilization, environmental concerns have become more and more recognized since the 1990s. Carbon dioxide reduction reactions are capable of converting carbon dioxide into valuable hydrocarbons and reducing the carbon emission from the combustion of fossil fuels. This is a promising direction for sustainable energy resources given that the scarcity of fossil fuels is becoming more threatening to the survival of mankind. In recent years, oxide-derived metal nanostructures have been synthesized and show unique catalytic features. Recently, Sloan et al. synthesized a novel oxide-derived copper nanocube structure, which showed a high selectivity toward ethylene over methane and low overpotentials. In this work, the presence of subsurface oxygen in the catalyst surface is tested with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, as a complement to experimental x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Due to limitations on the scale of modeling with DFT, the results indicate a very low stability of subsurface oxygen, which give rise to a question if subsurface oxygen would be stable with a reasonably large cluster model. Self-consistent charge density functional tight binding (SCC-DFTB) is adopted to investigate a nanocube model. In this model, a manually reduced cuprious oxide nanocube is constructed and investigated. Subsurface oxygen atoms close to facets are found to be more stable inside. A higher degree of disorder is proposed to be the cause of this difference in stabilizing subsurface oxygen atoms between the slab and nanocube models. The presence of subsurface oxygen enhances the adsorption of CO on the Cu(100) surface, increasing the likelihood for adsorbed CO molecules to dimerize, which is the rate determining step for ethylene production on Cu(100) under low-overpotential conditions. With subsurface electronegative atoms such as oxygen or fluorine, it is also found that the d-band scaling relation could be broken.

  • Reitan, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Substance abuse during pregnancy: a 5-year follow-up of mothers and children.2018In: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370, Vol. 25, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • von Hofsten, Julie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Spelets regler: Konst och politik i Stockholms tunnelbana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen avhandlar de konstnärliga gestaltningarna i Stockholms tunnelbana i relation till politiskt inflytande. Stockholms tunnelbane-system består av 109 kilometer spår och 100 stationer. Drygt 90 av dessa har idag konstnärliga gestaltningar. Konsten är närvarande i såväl biljetthallar som på perronger. Här finns varierande konstupplevelser i form av skulpturer, mosaiker, målningar, installationer, ristningar och reliefer. Över 150 konstnärer har arbetat med den permanenta konsten sedan 1960-talet. De empiriska exempel som jag utgår från i studien är Ristningar i Naturbetong (1961-1965) av Siri Derkert (1888-1973) och Snäckan (2016-) av Åsa Jungnelius (1974-). Syftet med min studie är att beskriva de politiska förutsättningarna för respektive upphandling och peka på hur dessa förändrats. Uppsatsen har tonvikt på frågor kring konstnärens ideologiska agenda kontra den byråkratiska process som omgärdar en offentlig upphandling. Studien visar att dessa förutsättningar spelar en dold men central roll i upphandlingarna. Det är på denna grund möjligt att sluta sig till att de politiska och ideologiska förutsättningarna spelar roll när konst ska upphandlas.

  • Engquist, Odileine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Forsgren, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Samtal och kollektivt lärande: En observationsstudie av arbetsmötens lärandepotential2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens specialiserade arbeten ställs ofta stora krav på varje medarbetares samarbetsförmåga och att åstadkomma saker tillsammans mot ett gemensamt mål eller projektutfall. En viktig arena för lärande i organisationer är arbetsmöten där människor möts för att samarbeta och hantera olika ärenden. I sammanhanget är det vanligt att ta fasta på samförståndets betydelse för ett kollektivt lärande men samma form av lärande skulle också kunna uppstå genom motsättningar och konflikter. Syftet med uppsatsen är att försöka identifiera och förstå det lärande som kan uppstå genom samtal under arbetsplatsmöten. För att undersöka detta har en observationsstudie genomförts på ett bemanningsföretags veckovisa möten och därefter har en samtalsanalys gjorts på de inspelade konversationerna. Den vanligaste samtalsformen utgjordes av diskussion. I de fall som dialog respektive debatt förekom så ingick de som variationer eller nyanser i diskussionen genom att de bäddades in i eller utgjorde komplement till det övriga samtalet. Vi fann att ett kollektivt lärande endast uppstod under dialog och att debatt verkade hämmande på deltagarnas lärande.

  • Edgren, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hallgrim, Viveca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mitt liv fick en ny riktning.: Om upplevelsen av lärande efter en sjukskrivning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the first decades of the twentyfirst century, an increase in the number of Swedes reported on sick leave due to suffering from mental illness has been noted. What kind of learning do people experience after being on sick leave? How can driving forces be identified in their stories? And what meanings have the interaction with the environment had for people when returning to work? The purpose of this paper is to investigate people's experiences of learning after a sick leave due to work-related mental illness. The study is qualitative and based on eight interviews of individuals with own experience of sick leave. These interviews have then been analyzed using Illeris’ three learning dimensions and partly by Mezirov's9 transformative learning. The result and conclusion show that learning takes place after a sick leave where learning gave increased self-awareness, where the driving force was to be able to re-enter a context and where the receivement and support from the environment was of major importance.

  • Caligari, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Elevers röster om sitt lärande i matematik relaterade till formativa nyckelstrategier2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe how young students perceive aspects of formative assessment in mathematics education and how their understanding is expressed in their speech. Within this work, the following questions are examined: 

    1. How is didactic questions reflected when students talk about their learning of mathematics?

    2. What strategies regarding assessment are expressed in the students’ speech?

    3. Which components in the students’ speech relate to the formative assessment's educational function and effects? 

    The theoretical starting point used is a socio-cultural aspect of learning. The method used is qualitative children interviews with ten third grade students in a primary school in Stockholm. Results show that students´ perceive aspects related to five key strategies for formative assessment. The results do not claim generalizability but can be used by teachers and may have implications on research since primary school students' perception on formative assessment has not yet been examined. Suggestions for future research is to extend the empirical material with more interviews from primary school students but also with other types of studies to supplement, strength, and confirm the results.

  • Andersson, Eva K
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Patterns of changing residential preferences during late-adulthood2018In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research on residential mobility has demonstrated a tendency for the young old of the 55+-population to prefer peripheral locations, whereas older age groups choose central locations. Here, we present survey results indicating that such late-adulthood differences in preferences are supported by age–related shifts corresponding to differences in housing preferences expressed by individuals in peripheral as well as central locations in Sweden. A sample of 2,400 individuals aged 55 years and over was asked to select the seven most important characteristics of a dwelling from a list of 21 alternatives (SHIELD survey 2013). The preferences expressed were used as dependent variables in logistic regressions to determine to what extent the housing preferences of older people are linked to age, gender, socio-economic status and type of geographical area. The results demonstrated a close link between neighbourhood characteristics and housing preferences. Owning the dwelling, having a garden, and access to nature were stressed as important by individuals living in non-metropolitan middle-class areas and in suburban elite areas. The youngest cohort expressed similar preferences. Older age groups instead stressed the importance of an elevator, single-storey housing, and a good design for independent living; preferences that have similarities to those expressed by individuals living in large cities and smaller urban centres where such housing is more readily available.

  • Elmerot, Irene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Language and Power in Czech Corpora2017In: Computational and Corpus-based Phraseology: Recent Advances and Interdisciplinary Approaches / [ed] Ruslan Mitkov, Genève: Editions Tradulex , 2017, Vol. 2, p. 174-177Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author focuses on quantitatively examining the linguistic other- ing in printed media discourse in the Czech Republic, using the Czech National Corpus. The method used so far has been a corpus-based discourse analysis based on the adjectives preceding the keywords for each part of the project, now moving on to include reporting verbs. The theoretical starting point is that power relations in a society are reflected in that society’s mainstream media, and that the language usage in these media contributes to the worldview of its recipients, in some cases even helps to construct it. Frequent but widely dis- persed stereotypical and negative phrases and collocations are examples of a power language that may not be visible at once, but slowly enters the general discourse in a society. This project aims to survey these linguistic othering phrases in the Czech media discourse, as comprehensively as possible, and shed some light on their appearance over time. 

  • Svensson, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Smartphone physics – a smart approach to practical work in science education?: Experiences from a Swedish upper secondary school2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the form of teacher didactical design research, this work addresses a didactical issue encountered during physics teaching in a Swedish upper secondary school. A need for renewed practical laboratory work related to Newtonian mechanics is met by proposing and designing an activity based on high- speed photography using the nowadays omnipresent smartphone, thus bringing new technology into the classroom. The activity – video analysis of the collision physics of football kicks – is designed and evaluated by following a didactical design cycle. The work elaborates on how the proposed laboratory activity relates to the potential and complications of experimental activities in science education, as described in the vast literature on the topic. It is argued that the use of smartphones constitutes an interesting use of new technology for addressing known problems of practical work. Of particular interest is that smartphones offer a way to bridge the gap between the everyday life of students and the world of physics experiments (smartphones are powerful pocket laboratories). The use of smartphones also avoids using unfamiliar laboratory equipment that is known to hinder focus on intended content, while at the same time exploring a powerful tool for data acquisition and analysis. Overall, the use of smartphones (and computers) in this manner can be seen as the result of applying Occam’s razor to didactics: only familiar and readily available instrumentation is used, and skills learned (movie handling and image analysis) are all educationally worthwhile. Although the activity was judged successful, a systematic investigation of learning outcome was out of scope. This means that no strong conclusions can be drawn based on this limited work. Nonetheless, the smartphone activity was well received by the students and should constitute a useful addition to the set of instructional approaches, especially since variation is known to benefit learning. The main failure of the design was an overestimation of student prior knowledge on motion physics (and its application to image data). As a consequence, the activity took required more time and effort than originally anticipated. No severe pitfalls of smartphone usage were identified, but it should be noted that the proposed activity – with its lack of well-defined results due to variations in kick strength – requires that the teacher is capable of efficiently analysing multiple student films (avoiding the feedback process to become overwhelmingly time consuming). If not all student films are evaluated, the feedback to the students may become of low quality, and misconceptions may pass under the radar. On the other hand, given that programming from 2018 will become compulsory, an interesting development of the activity would be to include handling of images and videos using a high-level programming language like Python. 

  • Huldt, Christian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    The reason to reason2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen baseras på designexperiment av undervisning med syftet att uppmuntra till kreativa resonemang. Studien genomfördes som ett antal undervisningstillfällen då närvarande elever presenterades för ett problem eller en frågeställning som inte var formulerad eller kunde lösas på samma sätt som typuppgifterna i läroboken. Observationer och transkript från dessa tillfällen används som underlag för en analys som bygger på interventionens syfte och möjligheter utifrån teorin om didaktiska situationer med viss påverkan från kategorisering av resonemang. Omfattningen av studien gör att få generella slutsatser kan dras, men det åskådliggörs i några exempel hur viktig lärarens lyhördhet kan vara för att fånga upp embryon till självständigt resonemang och hur rådande normer påverkar debattklimatet. I diskussionen nämns hur försök till didaktiska situationer kan användas för att få en bättre bild av elevers proximala zoner.

  • Kindblom, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Proportionaliteters utformning i svenska läromedel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna deskriptiva studie behandlas en litteraturundersökning över svenska matematikläromedel i grundskolan. Undersökningar har visat att läromedel är en viktig del i matematikundervisningens utformning, vilket innebär att valet av bok påverkar elevernas utbildning. Fyra bokserier har undersökts med fokus på ämnet proportionalitet, med ett val om att fokusera främst på skala, likformighet och proportionalitet som funktionsbegrepp. Syftet har varit att ta reda på dels hur böckerna fördelar plats över de tre ämnesområdena och dels hur uppgifterna är fördelade på olika svårighetsgrader. Detta har åstadkommits genom att notera sidantal, uppgiftsantal och svårighetsgrad på uppgifter, för att sedan sammanställa detta till ett resultat. Även fördelningen av sidor inom ett ämnesområde har undersökts, dels för att få fram var och hur information presenteras för eleverna.

    Denna studie visar att av de tre ämnesområdena är det skala som generellt är representerat i en större del jämfört de andra två. Det har också visats att det inte finns uppgifter inom alla böckers svårighetsgrader för alla ämnesområden, vilket i och med böckernas upplägg kan betyda att eleverna ibland behöver göra väldigt få uppgifter inom ett ämne. Det har framkommit att i och med bokseriernas skillnader i struktur är mängden och typen av information väldigt olika när man jämför serierna.

  • Sköld, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Lärares användning av och återkoppling på matematikläxor: En intervjustudie i årskurs 1–32017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har syftat till att belysa hur lärare i årskurs 1–3 använder läxor i matematikundervisningen. Tidigare forskning visar att det i stort sett saknas forskning om betydelsen av formativ bedömning med koppling till läxor. Mot bakgrund av detta var det intressant att undersöka hur lärare använder sig av och ger återkoppling på läxor i undervisningen av ämnet. För att ta reda på detta har kvalitativa intervjuer, av semistrukturerad form, använts som datainsamlingsmetod med sex stycken lärare. Det insamlade datamaterialet bearbetades genom en teoretisk tematisk analys, vilket innebar att materialet organiserades i relation till tidigare forskning. Resultatet visar att lärare kan ha flera olika syften med läxor, och att det finns olika typer av återkopplingar som man som lärare kan välja att använda till dem. Men resultatet har också frambringat ett nyupptäckt syfte vid användningen av läxor, samt att återkoppling inte gavs på tre av de sex olika sorters läxor som tillämpades. Denna studie efterfrågar och kan användas som utgångspunkt för vidare forskning inom området. 

  • Public defence: 2018-03-09 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Hendrickx, Koen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
    Solar Forcing of Nitric Oxide in the Upper Atmosphere2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The forcing of the Sun on Earth's atmosphere manifests itself via solar radiation and energetic particle precipitation (EPP), which variations are most noticeable in the upper regions of the atmosphere. A key species in the lower thermosphere, which is influenced by solar forcing, is nitric oxide (NO). An NO reservoir is present in the lower thermosphere, from which NO-rich air can be transported downward into the mesosphere and stratosphere, where it takes part in catalytic ozone destruction cycles. For climate models to correctly simulate the solar forcing on our climate, the processes of NO production and destruction, as well as the descent into the lower atmosphere, must be understood and accurately represented.

    In this thesis, observations from the Solar Occultation For Ice Experiment (SOFIE) instrument onboard the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) satellite are used to investigate temporal characteristics of NO in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. We have developed a diagnostic method to determine the relative importance of the NO physical drivers throughout the lower thermosphere. The method shows that, at high latitudes, precipitating auroral electrons dominantly drive NO variations. Comparisons with NO measurements by the Student Nitric Oxide Experiment (SNOE), made almost a decade earlier, reveal that the impact of this forcing on NO appears to be invariant throughout the 11 year solar cycle.

    On shorter timescales, we have shown a clear signature of the reoccurring 27 day geomagnetic impact on NO concentrations during summer and winter, with subsequent descent into the lower mesosphere during winter. The occurrence of medium energy electrons, which precipitate to mesospheric altitudes, results in a further increase of the descending NO flux. This complicates the determination of the relative contribution of the EPP direct and indirect effect on NO, i.e. separating direct NO production from downwards transported NO, respectively, in NO enhancements at a certain altitude. Using a full-range energy spectrum from the Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES), we have been able to disentangle the direct and indirect EPP effect on Southern hemispheric NO during a geomagnetic storm in 2010.

    Simulations of NO by the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with Specified Dynamics (SD-WACCM) model reveal that the model predicts a too high climatological mean, while the short term variability is too low, as compared to SOFIE. However, even though the dynamical transport in both model and observations agrees very well, the descending NO fluxes are too low in the model.

    In conclusion, the results of this thesis provide a better understanding of NO variability from an observational standpoint and will enable better model representations in the future.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-09 13:00 sal G, Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Stockholm
    Svensson Källberg, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Immigrant students' opportunities to learn mathematics: In(ex)clusion in mathematics education2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores immigrant students’ opportunities to learn mathematics. The research is concerned with issues of social justice and adopts a socio-political approach. Immigrant students are often described as students who do poorly in school because they lack “Swedishness” and have insufficient Swedish language skills. This deficit discourse is used when explaining immigrant students’ failure in mathematics, which this thesis aims to critique. Also, by adopting two theoretical frameworks, one that draws on the work of Skovsmose (1994, 2014) and one on the work of Foucault (2000, 2002), it aims at exploring possible understandings of immigrant students’ opportunities to learn mathematics.

    The research questions are addressed in a preamble and four articles. They address immigrant students’ perceptions of their opportunities to learn mathematics and how these perceptions come into existence, and the different contributions of using the theoretical frameworks.

    Data emanates from interviews, with immigrant students aged 15 to 16 years old and policy texts regarding schooling for newly arrived. Skovsmose’s notion of foreground is used when analysing immigrant students’ perceptions of their opportunities to learn mathematics. A Foucauldian perspective is used for exploring immigrant students’ identity formations as mathematical learners in a context of a forced school transition. The notions of fabrication and abjection (Popkewitz, 2012, 2013) are used as analytical tools when exploring how the newly arrived student as a mathematical learner is fabricated in policy texts.

    The findings show how conditions concerning future plans, otherness, Swedishness, perceiving their parents as deficit in relation to Swedish parents, segregation, feelings of exclusion and rowdy mathematics classrooms constitute their foregrounds, and affect their perceptions of their opportunities to learn mathematics. It was also shown how students’ identity formations as learners of mathematics are dynamic and enabled by discourse. For example, discourses operating in two different school contexts enabled the transitioning students to form identities as un-engaged and respectively engaged mathematics students. It was shown how students’ perceptions were influenced by public discourses, and thus how categorisations of them as immigrant students with deficiencies had looped into their lives. By exploring fabrication of the newly arrived student as a mathematical learner and the process of abjection information on how students may be ordered in relation to what degree they have come to master for example the Swedish language were provided. This may generate feelings of in(ex)clusion, which refers to the inseparability of inclusion and exclusion: any move to include brings with it potential exclusions.

    A conclusion is that to be able to understand immigrant students’ opportunities to learn mathematics and explain achievement in mathematics, deficiency explanations are not sufficient. Instead, it is of importance to try to understand the students’ perspectives and explore the role of discourse and power since it allows for explanations that ground students’ opportunities to learn mathematics in the socio-political conditions in which they emerge. This enables for learning more about what constitutes immigrant students’ perceptions and how they come into existence and thus allows for addressing processes of in(ex)clusion and critique deficiency explanations.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-09 10:00 Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Stockholm
    Pålsson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The Prerequisites and Practices of Auditing Residential Care: On the Licensing and Inspection of Residential Homes for Children in Sweden2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to describe and analyse the prerequisites and practices of auditing Swedish residential care for children. Residential care is a complex intervention provided to children in vulnerable life situations. The care is extensively delivered by private providers and shows difficulties in demonstrating clearly positive treatment effects. Licensing and inspections are policy instruments to address alleged quality problems in decentralised and marketised welfare services. However, in research there are mixed opinions on the ability of audits to generate improved service quality.

    The dissertation consists of four papers exploring central facets of the audit system. The empirical material is based on interviews (n=50) with inspectors and residential staff, documentation (n=286) in terms of guidelines and license/inspection decisions and observations (n=12) at inspection-related events. Each paper includes a unique set of data.

    Paper I analyses the controls that private residential homes undergo prior to their entry into the market. The results show that a majority of applicants are granted a license and that the controls do not reduce the need for ex post control. There is limited guidance on care content and research evidence is weakly incorporated in the controls. Overall, the state exerts limited influence over the composition and professional development of the care market.

    Paper II explores the operationalisation process of care quality in inspections. The results show that the standards display a marked variation and there is no differentiation between different residential homes. In general, the standards focus on reducing malpractice and not maximising care quality. In practice, the inspections are often discussion-based and standards relating to work with children are often indistinct.

    Paper III analyses how inspections are perceived by representatives from residential homes. The results show that inspections induce reflection and to some extent shape the administrative parts of care, but also that it is difficult to discern the actual impact of the inspections on the work. The inspections appear to bring a degree of stability and legitimacy to the work, but there are sometimes tensions between standards and professional judgment.

    Paper IV studies the influence the inspection process grants children in care. The results suggest that different inspectorial rationales (regulative, supportive and protective) may influence the agency children exert and that it is difficult to allow children’s views to have a substantial impact on the process. Overall, there tends to be a gap between what the children find important and what the audits can address in concrete terms.

    The theoretical ideas used to analyse the results are derived from institutional organisational theory and the thesis on the audit society. The overall analysis shows that 1) making certain core care aspects auditable and ensuring their impact is difficult (e.g., children-staff relationships, children’s views and use of research knowledge), 2) the system has a restrained character and is in many senses associated with inconclusive formative effects, 3) the use of uniform goals does not necessarily equal a more suitable care provision and 4) the audits signify strong symbolic values. Despite the limitations, the audits may help to discipline care providers, secure a minimum level relative to the audited care aspects and induce reflection among auditees.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-09 13:00 JMK-salen, Garnisonen, Stockholm
    Dahlin, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Ontological Ordering: Achieving Audience in Internet Practice2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the backdrop of changing technological conditions of the contemporary media landscape, new questions arise regarding how audience can be can problematized and theorized. This dissertation seeks to shift the focus from conventional assumptions of what audience is to an empirical exploration of the specificities of the process through which audience is achieved in practice. This involves revisiting and questioning ontological assumptions about the nature of audience.

      The aim of the study is to develop an alternative approach for theorizing audience. A three year and seven months’ exploration of one example of an audience practice, the empirical focus is on the Gallifrey Base, an internet discussion forum for viewers of the TV series Doctor Who. To explore the specifics of audience as reality-in-practice, a methodological approach is developed that adjusts ethnographic research methods to align with a concern with ontology in audience practice – an audienceography. This dissertation thereby makes questions of ontology an empirical concern, drawing attention to how practices make up realities – that is, to how ontology is achieved. By turning to theoretical and methodological insights from Science and Technology Studies (STS), this study sets out to particularize how audience is achieved on the Gallifrey Base.

       Three chapters detail and analyze how practices on the Gallifrey Base achieve audience. Each build on the findings from the previous chapter, attending to ontological ordering in different ways, delving deeper into the details of the unfolding audience practice. The findings show how multiple ontologies can co-exist. In contrast to classic communication models, it is argued that the significance of communication by other means is about more than sending and receiving messages. An implication for the theorization of audience is that communication can have other purposes, as messages may be sent and received in order to maintain a particular communication practice.

      In relation to audience studies, the dissertation makes a theoretical contribution by connecting insights from recent debates on ontology and multiplicity in STS to empirical explorations of audience, thus widening the scope of the theoretical explanatory basis. The empirical contribution is to demonstrate that rather than a natural and stable structure, much work is invested in trying to maintain multiplicity even in the single audience practice of the Gallifrey Base forum. This suggests that ontologically fixed and given theoretical notions of audience are not compatible with contemporary audience practice. Audience practice, it is found, may include a range of multiple modes, which calls for attentiveness to the situated work carried out by various actors in the achievement of audience. In light of these findings, it is argued that approaching audience as ontology-in-practice provides a foundation for further theorizations of contemporary audience.

      Connecting the findings from Ontological Ordering to wider concerns in the humanities and social sciences – a concern with audience becomes a concern with the processes and implications of how we interact with media material and media devices, which in contemporary media environment is intensely technological. 

  • Nordahl, Joel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “mænige calfru, þæt synt lytle and niwe fynd”: A study of additions and changes in the translation of the prose psalms in the Paris Psalter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The prose translation of the fifty first psalms in the Paris Psalter is quite unique as an early medieval scriptural translation (O’Neill 2016 p. x). There have been several studies made on the Paris Psalter recently, most notably by Patrick O’Neill. One focus of several of these studies has been whether or not the Prose translation is connected to Alfred the Great. However, there is still much left in this translation that has not yet been studied. Something that can be noticed when studying the prose psalms is that throughout the translation the translator made several additions and changes to the psalms. There are several different kinds of additions in the prose psalms, the most common of these is the þæt ys/þæt synt (‘that is’/‘those are’) type. This study focuses on these additions, and it will be suggested that the translator has made additions and changes to the psalms to describe metaphors and concepts that an Anglo-Saxon reader might not have been able to understand without these additions. 

  • Pöppel, Ludmila
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Constructions in Parallel Corpora:A Quantitative Approach2017In: Computational and Corpus-Based Phraseology: Second International Conference, Europhras 2017London, UK, November 13–14, 2017 Proceedings / [ed] Ruslan Mitkov, Springer Publishing Company, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary goal of the present study is to find an adequate methodfor the quantitative analysis of empirical data obtained from parallel corpora.Such a task is particularly important in the case of fixed constructions possessingsome degree of idiomaticity and language specificity. Our data consist of theRussian construction дeлo в тoм, чтo and its parallels in English, German andSwedish. This construction, which appears to present no difficulty for translationinto other languages, is in fact, language-specific when compared with otherlanguages. It displays a large number of different parallels (translation equivalents)in other languages, and possesses a complex semantic structure. Theconfiguration of semantic elements comprising the content plane of this constructionis unique. The empirical data have been collected from the corpusquery system Sketch Engine, subcorpus OPUS2 Russian, and the RussianNational Corpus (RNC). We propose to use the Herfindahl index as a tool forquantitative analysis in order to measure the degree of uniformity in the frequencydistribution of the various translations of the construction under investigation.This tool is not universal and does not enable us to answer all thequestions that arise in connection with determining the specificity of languageunits. However, it clearly helps to obtain more objective results and to refine thequantitative analysis of idiomatic constructions on the basis of corpus data.

  • Pöppel, Ludmila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Конструкция возьми и + Vimp: корпусное исследование2017In: Slovo, ISSN 2001–7395, no 58, p. 50-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of the study is the construction [возьми и + Vimp] and its variants in the functionof a narrative imperative. Purely semantically, this construction can be considered a partialrealization of [взять и + V], which permits various grammatical forms. It is not describedseparately in dictionaries, but appears only in the zone of illustrative examples as a realizationof the construction [взять и + V]. Formally, [возьми и + Vimp] in the meaning of a narrativeimperative is homonymous with the genuine imperative and occupies an intermediate positionbetween the construction [взять и + V] and an ordinary imperative, which cannot help but bereflected in its semantics. Studies and lexicographical sources have not treated questionsconcerning the filler of the Vimp slot, but note only that it requires a perfective verb. Usingmaterials from the main RNC corpus and the subcorpus ruTenTen of Sketch Engine, the goalof the present investigation is to identify and empirically substantiate some usage preferencesfor filling this slot. The findings of the corpus analysis allow us to identify a number ofpreferences for filling the Vimp slot. The most frequent filler of the Vimp slot is verbs ofspeaking. In this group, the verb скажи is the clear leader. Another frequent filler of the Vimpslot is verbs meaning ‘death’.

  • Isaksson, Sven
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Fjellström, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Arkeologisk undersökning av lämningar invid Raä 62 i Påtåker, Sollentuna socken, Uppland maj 20162016Report (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Toni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Läxor i SO på mellanstadiet: En enkätstudie med elever och deras föräldrar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning har varit att ta reda på om det gick att hitta specifika SO-läxor som skapade mer problematik i hemmet samt om det fanns varianter som eleverna tyckte var med glädjande och stimulerade. Undersökningen baseras på en kvantitativ metod där det skickades två olika enkäter. En elevenkät som besvarades av 252 respondenter och en enkät till vårdnadshavarna som besvarades av 214 respondenter. Arbetet har utgått från det sociokulturella perspektivet och analysen av datamaterialet har skett genom programmet SPSS analytics. Resultatet visade att den variant av SO-läxa som eleverna tyckte var mest glädjande att få var nyhetsläxan medan de tyckte den variant som de tyckte de lärde sig mest på var öva-mer-läxan. Öva-mer-läxan var även, utifrån både elev och vårdnadshavarnas perspektiv, den läxa som skapade mest problematik i hemmet. 

  • Wallén, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Systrar, spel och surrogater: En motiv- och karaktärsstudie av Katniss och Prims systerrelation i Suzanne Collins The Hunger Games-trilogi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks hur systerrelationen mellan protagonisten Katniss Everdeen och hennes lillasyster Prim porträtteras i Suzanne Collins The Hunger Games-trilogi, bestående av The Hunger Games (2008), Catching Fire (2009) och Mockingjay (2010). Syftet med uppsatsen är att utforska vilken funktion denna porträttering får för intrigen i sin helhet samt att se vilka föreställningar om manligt och kvinnligt som blir synliga i relationen systrarna emellan. Som teoretisk grund används Sarah Annes Browns och Roberta Seelinger Trites skrifter om litterära systerskap.

    Undersökningen visar att Katniss relation till Prim är starkare än andra syskonrelationer inom trilogin och att detta bland annat beror på att Katniss ser det som sin största uppgift att ta hand om och skydda sin syster. Detta starka band är också avgörande för intrigen - Katniss beslut att ta Prims plats i Hungerspelen möjliggör resten av händelseförloppet. Det blir även tydligt att Katniss gärna ser på Prim som den behövande systern, men att båda egentligen är beroende av varandra. Systermotivet blir också synligt i Katniss relation till Rue från Distrikt 11. I relationen till systern Prim antar Katniss ofta manliga attribut och Prim beskrivs med typiska kvinnliga egenskaper, men det finns även gånger då dessa genusföreställningar rubbas. 

  • Mozayyan, Sina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Statistisk undersökning av valutakurser: En jämförelse mellan olika prognosmodeller2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The foreign exchange market is the world’s largest market and is an essential part of the global society of today. The FX market enables companies to trade with different currencies across country borders. It is also a large trade-platform for both big and small financial actors, who greatly benefit from the advantages of good predictions. Modeling of financial instruments is one of the most commonly used investment strategies and its area of application ranges from the FX market to markets suchas the stock market and the commodity market. In this paper, four different statistical models are used to model the currency pair Euro-US Dollar. These methods are random walk, ARIMA, ARIMA-GARCH and VAR. Besides investigating which method that gives the best forecasts, the method that best describes the training datais also found. Furthermore, for the dynamic VAR model, it is explored how the FX market affects, and is affected by, the long term and short term interest. The results show that ARIMA(3,1,2) is the best at describing the exchange rate while VAR(2) with the exchange rate and the difference between long term interests as variables gives the best predictions.

  • Lindberg, Mattias
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Guban, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Auxiliary variables a weight against nonresponse bias: A simulation study2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s surveys face a growing problem with increasing nonresponse.  The increase in nonresponse rate causes a need for better and more effective ways to reduce the nonresponse bias.  There are three major scientific orientation of today’s research dealing with nonresponse. One is examining the social factors, the second one studies different data collection methods and the third investigating the use of weights to adjust estimators for nonresponse.  We would like to contribute to the third orientation by evaluating estimators which use and adjust weights based on auxiliary variables to balance the survey nonresponse through simulations. For the simulation we use an artificial population consisting of 35455 participants from the Representativity Indicators for Survey Quality project. We model three nonresponse mechanisms (MCAR, MAR and MNAR) with three different coefficient of determination s between our study variable and the auxiliary variables and under three response rates resulting in 63 simulation scenarios. The scenarios are replicated 1000 times to acquire the results. We outline our findings and results for each estimator in all scenarios with the help of bias measures.

  • Manikas, Vasileios
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    A Bayesian Finite Mixture Model for Network-Telecommunication Data2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A data modeling procedure called Mixture model, is introduced beneficial to the characteristics of our data. Mixture models have been proved flexible and easy to use, a situation which can be confirmed from the majority of papers and books which have been published the last twenty years. The models are estimated using a Bayesian inference through an efficient Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm, known as Gibbs Sampling. The focus of the paper is on models for network-telecommunication lab data (not time dependent data) and on the valid predictions we can accomplish. We categorize our variables (based on their distribution) in three cases, a mixture of Normal distributions with known allocation, a mixture of Negative Binomial Distributions with known allocations and a mixture of Normal distributions with unknown allocation.

  • Thorleifsson, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Stochastic Gradient Descent for Efficient Logistic Regression2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Deiters, Maximilian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Policy receptiveness as a determinant of policy effectiveness:German child care and women’s transition to first birth2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current micro-level studies on the effect of formal child care on fertility behavior cannot establish an indisputable positive link. Especially in Germany’s policy context however, such a link is crucial to en-hance the legitimacy of the more recent but long overdue policy turnaround towards the dual-earner model. The results of this paper illustrate the reliance of policy success on an alignment of preferences presupposed by the implemented policy and preferences prevalent within the exposed population. Preferences central to driving policy success are distinguished by women’s receptiveness to such policy in terms of policy applicability and acceptability. The approach is empirically tested by means of Event-History analysis of German women’s first-birth transition based on the German Pairfam panel data set. The results indicate that if formal child care options are provided to 1) women who desire to reconcile family and career, or are provided to 2) women who are open to give their child into formal care, the provision of child care is a significant factor in stimulating women’s transition to first birth. On the contrary, women with career- or family-foci and women averse to formal care are not stimulated by the provision of formal care options. From the results I conclude that a continued expansion of formal child care will aid in overcoming lowest-low fertility by providing child care to those who are receptive to it and promoting a timelier motherhood image to women who are still averse to it.

  • Gunnarsson, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    “Out of sight, out of mind”: -A qualitative study of the interrelated character of workplace attitudes and the within-couple division of parental leave2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how couples, aiming for a gender equal division of parental leave, experience the interrelated character and process of workplace attitudes and division of parental leave. The data comes from an interview study with twenty couples, of which thirteen are included in this study. The interviews are conducted in 2009 before their first child was born and again in 2010 or 2011, about a year and a half after their child was born. The interviews are a part of the project Between dream and reality. International and national studies of parenthood and work from a gender perspective [1](principal investigator Marie Evertsson) and was financed by The Swedish Research Council. The interviews have been analyzed from an Expectation States Theory and Doing Gender perspective with an aim to examine which mechanisms differ between the couples that were able to realize their planned division of parental leave and the couples that were not. The results show that the men working in workplaces where attitudes towards them taking a relatively long parental leave were positive also took a relatively long parental leave. On the other hand, many of the women who reported being in a workplace where attitudes to parental leave were positive, took a fairly short parental leave. The workplace support resulted in different outcomes for the men and the women, a relatively long parental leave for men and a relatively short parental leave for women. This could be explained by the different expectations society has on men and women, women are assumed to take a bigger part of the leave than men are. This can indicate that support is more important when breaking the traditional norm than it is when following it. The couples that divided their leave equally were very determined about their division. The couples that did not share their leave equally, were generally not as determined and therefore generally more open to the opinions and attitudes of prevalence at the workplace. The women that took a bigger part of the leave than their partners had a hard time returning to work after their parental leave, they often felt down-prioritized at the work place. The men that took a smaller part and the couples that divided their leave equally did not have a hard time returning to work.

    [1] Mellan dröm och verklighet. Internationella och nationella studier av föräldraskap och arbete ur ett genusperspektiv

  • Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    How may we teach students to use Wikipedia in an efficient way?2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wikipedia is often seen as an unusable tool because it only concerns secondary sources. There is also a critical trend in the university that does not want to treat Wikipedia as a possible learning platform. For new students, Wikipedia may be a way of adapting to the academic world. The purpose is to show how to use Wikipedia in language learning, partly to learn to write in another language, partly to learn how to handle sources. The presentation will show concrete examples of how to use Wikipedia as an effective learning platform to contribute to a form of open academy.

    References:

    Dalby, Andrew (2009). The world and Wikipedia: How we are editing reality. Sommerset: Siduri. Davies, Martin (2013). "Critical thinking and the disciplines reconsidered", Higher Education Research & Development, 32:4, 529-544, DOI: 10.1080/07294360.2012.697878

    Davis, LiAnna (2012). "Instructor Basics How to Use Wikipedia as a Teaching Tool. Wikimedia Foundation". Available at https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Instructor_Basics_How_to_ Use_Wikipedia_as_a_Teaching_Tool.pdf

    Murray Neil & Shashi Nallaya (2016). "Embedding academic literacies in university programme curricula: a case study", Studies in Higher Education, 41:7, 1296-1312, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2014.981150 O ́Sullivan, D. (2009). Wikipedia: a new community of practice? Farnham: Ashgate 

  • Tell Järte, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schematerapi i Grupp som Egenterapi: En Explorativ Studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Premat, Christophe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    The Caribbean and Postcolonial Intellectuals:  the Legacy of Frantz Fanon and Aimé Césaire in and beyond the Caribbean region2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aimé Césaire (1913-2008) and Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) devoted their work to the radical criticism of colonialism. Whereas Césaire was mainly linked to the emergence of the aesthetics of négritude, Fanon analyzed everyday racism as an alienating spatial relation and considered colonization as a spatial organization – both material and mental. Torun Reite and Christophe Premat will show how the concepts of Césaire and Fanon are still used to describe material and mental borders remaining in different postcolonial contexts. They will also discuss the ways in which these concepts are rooted in the Caribbean context, but also what made them travel so well and connect with social and political movements far beyond this region. 

  • Wu, Dexiang
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Finance.
    Roy H, Kwon
    Giorgio, Costa
    A Constrained Cluster-based Approach for Tracking the S&P 500 Index2017In: International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 193, p. 222-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of tracking a benchmark target portfolio of financial securities in particular the S&P 500. Linear integer programming models are developed that seeks to track a target portfolio using a strict subset of securities from the benchmark portfolio. The models represent a clustering approach to select securities and also include additional constraints that aim to control risk and transactions costs. Lagrangian and semi-Lagrangian methods are developed to compute solutions to the tracking models. The computational results show the effectiveness of the linear tracking models and the computational methods in tracking the S&P 500. Overall, the models and methods presented can serve as the basis of the optimization module in an optimization-based decision support for creating tracking portfolios.

  • Lindell, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Ett spöke från förr: Norsk sakte-TV och den tidiga filmens phantom rides2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie jämför de nya norska tågresefilmerna inom så kallad sakte-TV (eller Slow TV) med den tidiga filmens phantom rides. I båda fallen dominerar ett förstapersonsperspektiv filmat i tågets färdriktning och uppsatsen undersöker hur likheter och skillnader i stilmässiga grepp och paketering relaterar till samtida uppfattningar kring tid och rum. Vidare utforskas om det moderna fenomenet kan ses som en återkomst av en vy-baserad filmestetik, där den så annars vanligt narrativa konstruktionens dominans förflyttas till bakgrunden.

  • Public defence: 2018-03-22 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Fransner, Filippa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
    Organic carbon dynamics in the Baltic Sea: A modelling perspective2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Coastal seas constitute a link between land and the open ocean, and therefore play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Large amounts of carbon, of both terrestrial and marine origin, transit and are transformed in these waters, which belong to the more productive areas of the oceans. Despite much research has been done on the subject, there are still many unknown factors in the coastal sea carbon cycling. 

    This doctoral thesis investigates the carbon dynamics in the Baltic Sea, with a focus on the production and fate of marine and terrestrial organic carbon and its influence on the air-sea CO2 exchange in its northernmost part, the Gulf of Bothnia. The main approach is the use of a coupled 3D physical-biogeochemical model, in combination with a long series of measurements of physical and biogeochemical parameters. 

    A new coupled 3D physical-biogeochemical model, which includes the stoichiometric flexibility of plankton and organic matter, is set up for the Gulf of Bothnia. It is found that phytoplankton stoichiometric flexibility in particular, with non-Redfieldian dynamics, is key to explaining seasonal pCO2, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and nutrient dynamics. If the Redfield ratio is instead used to predict organic carbon production, as done in most biogeochemical models currently in use, the uptake of atmospheric CO2 is reduced by half. Furthermore, it is shown that the organic carbon production needed to reproduce the summer pCO2 drawdown is larger than measured estimates of primary production. This discrepancy is attributed to a substantial production of extracellular DOC, which seems not to be captured by measurements. 

    The dynamics of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon (tDOC) is studied by the use of a passive tracer released from rivers into the physical model of the Baltic Sea. It is found that 80% of the tDOC released in the Baltic Sea is removed, and the rest is exported to the North Sea. Two different parameterisations of tDOC removal are tested. In the first one a decay rate with a timescale of 1 year applied to 80% of the tDOC, and the remaining 20% is assumed to be refractory. In the second one a decay rate with a timescale of 10 years applied to 100% of the tDOC. Trying these parameterisations in a full biogeochemical model shows that only the one with the faster decay is able to reproduce observations of pCO2 in the low-salinity region. A removal rate of one year agrees well with calculated removal rates from bacterial incubation experiments, indicating that bacteria have the potential to cause this remineralisation. It is not only remineralisation of tDOC that affects the pCO2; it is also suggested that a strong tDOC induced light extinction is needed to prevent a too large pCO2 drawdown by phytoplankton in the low salinity region. 

  • Public defence: 2018-03-02 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Lundqvist, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
    Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y and neural progenitor C17.2 cell lines as models for neurotoxicological studies​2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are surrounded by chemicals, thus understanding how exposure to these chemicals affect us during our life is of great social importance. In order to predict human acute toxicity of chemicals, cosmetics or drugs, development of novel in vitro test strategies is required. The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate whether two different cell line models could be used to predict acute neurotoxicity or developmental neurotoxicity. In paper one, we identified changes in cell membrane potential (CMP) as the most sensitive indicator of toxicity in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

    In the following studies, we evaluated the capacity of the murine neural progenitor cell line C17.2 to differentiate into mixed cell cultures. Upon differentiation of the C17.2 cells we could identify two morphologically distinguishable cell types; astrocytes and neurons (Paper II). We then investigated how differentiated C17.2 cells responded to non-cytotoxic concentrations of three known neurotoxic and three non-neurotoxic substances. The neurotoxicants induced depolarisation of CMP and alteration in the mRNA expression of at least one of the three biomarkers studied, i.e. βIII-tubulin, glial fibrillary acidic protein or heat shock protein-32. In contrast, no significant effects were observed when exposed to non-neurotoxic compounds (Paper IV).

    To further characterise the C17.2 cell model during differentiation, an mRNA microarray analysis of the whole genome was performed. The 30 most significantly altered biomarkers with association to neuronal development were identified. The mRNA expression of the 30 biomarkers were used as a panel to alert for developmental neurotoxicity by exposing C17.2 cells during differentiation to toxicants known to induce impaired nervous system development. All but two of the selected genes were significantly altered by at least one of the chemicals, but none of the 30 genes were affected when treated with the negative control (Paper III).  

    In conclusion, the differentiated C17.2 neural progenitor cell line seems to be an attractive model for studying and predicting acute and developmental neurotoxicity. 

  • Hogevik, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jacobsson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Det blir som att jobba med en liten satellit från resten av solsystemet”: En kvalitativ studie om nätverkets betydelse för ungdomar i substansbruksbehandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this study was to examine how social workers perceive the social network’s function and involvement in an adolescent’s process toward changing a substance use. The study is based on seven qualitative interviews with social workers in Mini-Maria facilities, working with youths/adolescents in psychosocial substance use treatment. The interviews were analysed with a brief inspiration from the approach of thematic analysis. The ecological systems theory as well as a perspective on the theory of social capital were used for interpretation of the result. The overall conclusion is that adolescents’ networks have a large impact on their substance use treatment, both in terms of the outcome as well as the meaning to the adolescent itself. Parents of youths are frequently involved in the practical treatment, while friends rarely are, but they both form a central part regarding the process of change. The social capital is also of great importance since it is constructed within the different parts of the social network where the youth experiences support. Social capital can therefore be both constructive and destructive depending on the structure of those relationships.

  • Hellström, Julia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tiger, Bettina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Anknytningens betydelse för gymnasieungdomars psykiska hälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to reach knowledge and increase the understanding of high school students’ experiences of school climate, achievements in school and their reflections on their relations within and outside of school. The relations included in this study was relations to teachers, classmates, friends outside school and relations to family members. The purpose of this study was to highlight in what way school and relations affects the adolescents’ mental health. The study is based on 6 qualitative interviews with female high school students in a smaller municipality in Sweden. The interviews were analyzed using meaning interpretation. Main results show that both achievements in school and relations affect the adolescents’ mental health considerably. The results indicate that all aspects considered in the study, school climate, school achievements, relations to teachers, classmates, friends and family members, relate to and affect each other. Furthermore the results show that all these aspects have an impact on the adolescents’ mental health in different ways. The conclusion is that close relationships and the attachment within those affect the adolescents’ self-images and their identity and therefore have an impact on their mental health.

     

  • Amnestad, Nancy
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Stenroos, Eveliina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barn på skyddat boende: En intervjustudie om barns rätt till skolgång2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to seek further understanding of what school staff, social services and staff at the shelters consider to be the difficulties in the work of children's schooling when staying at shelters for abused women. The method used was qualitative semi structured interviews and the empirics consist of six interviews, two from each profession. Despite a comprehensive searching strategy, only a few studies were found that had examined the subject and those studies described the problem briefly. This indicates that the subject has been little researched and that children's schooling in shelters for abused women is a subject we have little knowledge about. The results show that there usually are no systematic routines for dealing with the issue among professionals involved. It is difficult to get a new school place for children staying in shelters for abused women. Professions involved with these children in society need more knowledge in the subject to develop a systematic approach. In future, more research on the subject and its consequences for children in shelters for abused women is needed.