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  • Siddiqui, Afzal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Takashima, Ryuta
    Chiba Institute of Technology, , .
    Bouncing Back: Assessing the Resilience of Infrastructure Projects and the Use of Average Outage Factors2017In: Annual International Real Options Conference, Annual International Real Options Conference , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Relling, Eric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kan man överklaga ett LOB-beslut?: om rätten till domstolsprövning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Roula, Fatima
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Polisen och den personliga integriteten: om enskildas rätt att utöva kontroll över polisen och dess underrättelseregister2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gremillet, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Samtycke till organdonation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lidman, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ändring av Försäkringskassans beslut med stöd av 113 kap. 3 § socialförsäkringsbalken: uttömmande eller kompletterande reglering?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Skåntorp, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Omständigheter som förändras: särskilt i ärenden om uppehållstillstånd2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wahlberg, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Rebel courts: the legality of courts established by non-state actors in the context of NIAC2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Tenhunen Salehi, Vida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    A role for individuals in the formation of customary international law: should they affect opinio juris in the field of human rights?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Östlund Tjernström, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Finansdepartementets förslag avseende nya riktade ränteavdragsbegränsningsregler: en kritisk granskning av nödvändigheten, lämpligheten samt utformningen av reglerna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sivervall, Nelly
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Arbetstagarens rätt: en studie om den skatterättsliga respektive arbetsrättsliga definitionen av arbetstagare2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Fjällid, Niclas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Förmånsbeskattning av anställda: dispositionsrätt som grund för beskattning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bergdahl, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    8 kap. 13 § ML:s förenlighet med EU-rätten och legalitetsprincipen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wilhelmsson, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    3D-positionering till havs efter bearbetning med PPK- och PPP-lösning och kontroll av fartygets dynamiska rörelser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project investigates whether 3D-positioning at sea can be improved by processing real-time positioning data. SWEPOS-based RTK (accurate GNSS) was used to log positions data on a hydrographic survey vessel along Sweden’s east and north coast for 7 days. However, because of the long distance between the vessel and the reference stations the positioning solutions do not always have high accuracy. This problem generates a large interest to research how processing real-time data could improve position accuracy. Processing positioning data is done through Applanix IN-fusion PPK (Post-Processed Kinematic) and PPP (Precise Point Positioning) loosely coupled concept. The positioning accuracy of these methods are compared against one another and against collected data in real-time (RTK). The vertical component are being assessed further in detail to evaluate the accuracy of these methods and the data is presented in respect to vertical positioning and height. However, solely processing the vessels positioning according to the PPP or PPK concept is not enough to get a good positioning vertically, as the vessels positioning height also depends on the vessels dynamic movements. Including the vessel’s dynamic movement’s leads not only to a higher positioning accuracy but also to a more accurate description of the shape of the water surface. The shape of the water surface is an important component for the modelling of the geoid, as the water mass distribution affects gravitational measurements and calculations by water mass variations. The future goal, is that vessels should be able to collect data which can be used to correct the present geoid model, only by using GNSS technique and water level corrections from reference stations. Furthermore, good hydrographic data and accurate GNSS height provides preconditions to introduce a 3D-navigational system. A system like this could calculate if the present draught is compatible with the future depth conditions along the route. The system can thereby support the navigator with suggestions of speed adjustments at optimal moments to avoid running aground.

    Initially, the different post-processing methodology’s ability to improve position accuracy are evaluated. The observations presented in this project indicate that position accuracy varies depending on which method is used. The results show that the vertical measurement uncertainty (RMS) values are lowest when using the processing methods based on the PPK concept. The RMS mean value using PPP processing methodology show a higher value than the real-time solutions. In this case, by adjusting the real-time solutions by processing according to the PPK method, the vessels vertical position can be corrected with a mean value of 5 cm. In the secondary process, the GNSS height from the PPK processing methodology was used together with static and dynamic corrections to approximate the actual water level. This project demonstrates the potential of using this type of process to get a more accurate picture of the present water surface.

  • Abedi Valugerdi, Natasha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Parallel trade of pharmaceutical drugs within the European Union: a competition law perspective2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Liljeholm, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Försvarares utredningar i brottmål2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Prelle Bellini, Thérèse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Svenska domstolars möjlighet att ex officio inhämta bevisning i brottmål enligt 35 kap. 6 § rättegångsbalken2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Stein, Paulina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Psykopati inom juridiken: om betydelsen av andra vetenskaper vid rättstillämpningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lüsch, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Aftermarket Performance of Micro-Capitalized Initial Public Offerings2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aftermarket stock price performance of micro-capitalized IPOs with penny stock status is an often-neglected subsample in the IPO research literature. As the markets in which these IPOs are often traded are subject to lower listing and disclosure requirements, there is a higher degree of asymmetrical information between issuers and investors than on more regulated exchanges. Another characteristic of micro-capitalized IPOs is the investor base, which is dominated by retail, or irrational, investors, causing the aftermarket trading to be driven by irrational behavior. With this in mind, this paper studies 139 IPOs made on the Swedish fringe marketplace Aktietorget, over the period 2007-2015, and their 15 months’ aftermarket price performance. The study adopts an event time approach to compare the returns on the IPOs to returns on a market index used as benchmark. Using a Student’s t-test and a Wilcoxon signed rank test, there are no conclusive evidence of abnormal returns that would question the Efficient Market Hypothesis. Results from multiple linear regression models, evaluating IPO price performance over a 15-month period, provide evidence for positive hot period and hot industry effects, and negative underpricing and offer price effects. Furthermore, a positive effect of post-issue company market value is evident for 3-, 6- and 12-months aftermarket periods. This paper provides evidence of return predictability of micro-capitalized IPOs using factors surrounding the IPO date, but requests additional evidence from other geographical samples, with precise definitions of normal returns.

  • Nyström, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Samtalet om normer i reklam 2016: - United Colors of Sweden2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tiden för att bara basunera ut reklambudskap till en väntande konsument i tv-soffan är förbi, idag behöver företag etablera relationer med sina kunder och skapa interaktioner på nya sätt.

    Den här studien ämnar att, med hjälp av relationsmarknadsföringens teorier, undersöka det samtal om normer och representation som kommit till Sveriges reklamklimat. Är det så att företag, i större utsträckning än tidigare, bortser från stereotyper i sin kommunikation? I så fall, vilka är skälen? Och vad kan gå fel? Vem, eller vilka, har det största ansvaret för reklamens budskap?

    Genom nio djupintervjuer med personer verksamma inom reklam och PR, skapar uppsatsförfattarna sig en bild av hur reklambranschen ser ut idag. Det konstateras att reklamskapare har ett stort ansvar som påverkare och förändrare, men att det råder en konflikt mellan de nytänkande visionerna och hur branschen ser ut på insidan. Det råder vit, manlig hegemoni i reklambranschen vilket reflekteras i slutprodukterna. För egentligen är de icke- stereotypa kampanjerna mer omdiskuterade och omskrivna – än många till antalet. 

  • Lindberg, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    The Effect of Creditor Protection on Business Cycle Volatility and Crisis Recovery2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There exists an extensive literature related to creditor protection and its relation to the financial market, but few if any studies try to asses its net impact on the stability of the economy. In this paper we investigate the effects of creditor protection on the business cycle, and the economy during times of financial distress. More precisely we investigate how creditor protection is related to the recovery from financial crises, and how it affects growth volatility. We find support for our hypothesis that creditor protection is positively related to business cycle volatility and that this effect might work through a destabilising of the credit market.

  • Jacobsson, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Den anpassningsbare överlever: Den ökade regleringens effekter på svenska banker.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författaren undersöker och analyserar den ökade regleringens effekter på svenska banker och risken för ett bankernas myopia. Det görs dels avseende ökad konkurrens mellan banker och med icke-reglerade aktörer, dels avseende regleringens påverkan på processer och ledarskap.

    Ökande reglering är ett högaktuellt ämne i bankerna då affärsförutsättningarna förändras. Regleringen syftar till att skapa finansiell stabilitet och har på tio år flyttats från Sverige till Basel och EU. Fokuset är på stora internationella banker, men gäller likväl för lokala mindre banker. Bankerna har därmed fått betydligt fler regulatorer att följa och en ökad mängd resurskrävande detaljregleringar att implementera.

    En kvalitativ metod valdes då studien beskriver bankernas perspektiv på aktuellt nuläge och deras framtidssyn. Datainsamlingen gjordes med en expertpanelvaliderad webbenkät till 126 personer verksamma i banksektorn, där 89 svarade. Det teoretiska ramverket består av branschanalysmodeller; Porters fem krafter, tre generiska strategier och SWOT samt processanalysmodellen VRIO och teorier kring chefs- och kommunikationsstilar.

    Resultatet är att regleringen är mycket detaljerad och oöverskådlig samt har en otillräcklig proportionering mellan större och mindre banker. Det medför högre inträdesbarriärer och begränsningar i bankernas kunderbjudanden. Konkurrensen från icke-reglerade aktörer väntas öka genom deras kundanpassningsförmåga och banksektorns bristande priskonkurrens. Bankoligopolet stärks då mindre banker slås ut som resultat av de skalfördelar som stor volym ger. Den ökade regleringen ställer krav på processorienterad styrning vilket inte är i linje med bankernas produktfokusering. Bankernas framtida chefer behöver vara administrativa stjärnor med utpräglad affärsorientering, så att både kundernas behov och regleringens krav uppfylls.

    Förändringstakten i regleringen kommer fortsätta allt snabbare och med kortare implementeringstid. Bankerna behöver utöka sin utvecklingskapacitet samt öka flexibiliteten för att simultant kunna anpassa sig till ändrade kundbeteenden, ny konkurrens och tillkommande reglering. När kunderna blir mindre banklojala och istället använder icke-reglerade aktörers tjänster kommer bankernas kostnadsökningar inte längre kunna vältras över på kunderna utan kräva ökade rationaliseringar istället.

    Bankerna riskerar ett myopia, de ser förändringarna men har inte förmågan att genomföra nödvändiga anpassningar till nya affärsförutsättningar.

    Den anpassningsbare överlever.

  • Pertot, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Lemos, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Fysiskt närvarande ledarskap. Spelar det någon roll?: En kvalitativ studie kring likheter och skillnader mellan fysiskt närvarande och fysiskt frånvarande ledarskap.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has made working outside the office easier. When the physical meeting between manager and employee does not exist, another type of leadership is needed. Research has shown that, as the information society has advanced, leadership has evolved from a traditional, hierarchical leadership to a more decentralized coaching leadership. But what happens when a leader must lead and coach an employee that he or she does not physically meet? And does this leadership differ from a physically present leadership? The aim of this study has thus been to understand in what ways physically present and physically absent leadership resembles and differs from each other, based on the manager's perspective. This study is based on a qualitative perspective. The understanding of the perception of the subject has therefore been the starting point. In this study managers in the Stockholm area have been interviewed. Interview data has then been analyzed against theoretical frameworks within leadership and communication. Furthermore, the results of this analysis has been linked to previous research on the subject. The results of this study show that participating managers perceive themselves as being available to their employees, regardless whether they exercise physically present or physically absent leadership. Most of the managers emphasize a good relationship with their employees and the importance of seeing the individual in the employee. Our study shows that the physically distance between manager and employee affects which type of leadership the manager applies. Managers with physically present leadership show a more supervising leadership style compared to managers who exercise physically absent leadership.

  • Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Tamkatten: en nykomling under tidig järnålder2017In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 111, no 2, 32-34 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Wälchli, Bernhard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    The incomplete story of feminine gender loss in Northwestern Latvian dialects2017In: Baltic Linguistics, ISSN 2081-7533, Vol. 8, 143-214 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to show that Northwestern Latvian dialects (also called Tamian) are insufficiently characterized by placing them on a simple linear hierarchy of feminine gender loss, which is how they are traditionally approached in Latvian dialectology. While Lithuanian and Central and High Latvian dialects all have very similar and fairly canonical gender systems, various Northwestern Latvian dialects display a wealth of underexplored non-canonical gender properties, such as the reactivated topic marker gender relic, honorific feminine gender, pronominal adjectives behaving differently from attributive adjectives, the noun ‘boy’ turning into a hybrid feminine noun, and a third controller gender restricted to some diminutives. Feminine gender loss is traditionally explained by Livonian (Finnic) substrate. It is shown in this paper that the developments in NW Latvian have multiple causes, one of them being apocope (loss of short vowels infinal syllables), a common feature of NW Latvian dialects which prompted many developments making NW Latvian different from Central Latvian dialects and which is also ultimately due to language contact. Apocope and other developments made the system more complex. The non-canonical gender properties described in this paper are the effect of subsequent developments reducing system complexity again.

  • Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Ljung, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Anna, Kjellström
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Skärningspunkt Sigtuna: En första presentation av ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Situne Dei, ISSN 1653-8498, 52-62 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new research project: Skärningspunkt Sigtuna – de första människorna i Sveriges äldsta stad (Intersection Sigtuna – th  first inhabitants of Sweden’s oldest town), which runs from 2017 to 2020 and is sponsored by  the Swedish Research Council.  The project aims to understand cultural transformation in the town’s earliest periods by studying the people who lived and died there.  The main source material comprises c. 330 excavated graves dating from the town’s foundation in AD 970/80 until AD 1100.  These derive both from five early churchyards as well as so-called “graveyards” (Sw. gravgård) – where individuals were buried in accordance with Christian practice, but not in the proximity of a church building.  These early “graveyards” are unique to Scandinavia, but the phenomenon has yet to be subjected to in-depth analysis. Different kinds of burial grounds were partly in use simultaneously in Sigtuna and it is unclear how the interred individuals relate to one another, or what kind of social, cultural and religious communities they represent.

    The project combines archaeological and osteological data with regard to burial-place topography and location, burial custom including grave goods and relation to rune- inscribed stone monuments, isotopic analysis and ancient DNA- analysis of selected individuals. Sigtuna’s material culture in general indicates that it was a cosmopolitan town.  The project will extend our knowledge in this regard by focusing on the backgrounds of the  first generations of town dwellers. Our main objective is to understand urbanization, migration, cultural interaction between groups and individuals, early church organization, networks and transnational relations.

  • Wikström, Solveig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    How is value created?: Extending the value concept in the Swedish context2018In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 40, 249-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Farm, Ante
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Basic Monetary Economics2017Report (Other academic)
  • Bernhard, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Försvarsmaktens blivande officerare - den kritiskt granskande praktikern: En fallstudie om lärande vid den grundläggande officersutbildningen vid Militärhögskolan Karlberg2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this case study has been to increase knowledge of how education can contribute to the learning of cadets. It’s a qualitative study using an exploratory ethnographic design of analysis. The research process has involved participative observations and interviews during a three month period at the Military Academy Karlberg, studying both the academic and the military context. Main focus has been on studying the cadets’ participation in the education, with starting-point in the social processes. Therefore I’ve been seeking to answer questions on how education is organized, how actors communicate and interact, and actors’ experiences compared to their expectations. I have found that the education of cadets seem to involve two dimensions of learning. It’s not all about academic and military knowledge, becoming an officer also involves a socialization process. This includes not only how to act as a military leader, but also who you are and how you behave, always, and therefore includes the fundamental values from which you lead your life as a whole. Hence, the study shows that the cadets need to develop a professional military identity that is also a social one. The results indicate that organizing an education that requires collaboration of two public authorities has proved to involve a number of challenges in combining two separate learning environments into one learning context. As a result, in the making of officers, a number of opposing conditions have been found, within as well as between the educations’ military and academic context, which seem to challenge cadets’ learning processes in various ways and degrees. Main findings of the study indicate that cadets’ access to participation combined with individual differences in contributing in the social processes seem to be crucial to learning. To develop the competence of an officer, the cadets need to develop a military professional identity and expertise, which also includes analytical academic skills.

  • Lannebjer, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Medeltida runor och runliteracy: kulturell krock eller kompromiss?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the 12th to the 16th century the Scandinavian region went through a cultural change, from Germanic to Latin culture. This change effected a wide variety of areas for example law, piety, clothing, religion and system of writing. It is the change in the system of writing this essay will examine i.e. the change from runes to the Latin alphabet. The medieval runic Europe (including the Nordic countries and the north Atlantic islands) has a great variety in their numbers of runic material but in total there is about 2800 of them. Most are from the Scandinavian countries Sweden and Norway. The runic alphabet and the Latin alphabet coexisted during the Nordic Middle ages but the Latin alphabet became dominant over time.The runic alphabet changed during the 11th and 12th centuries from 16 runes to 28 (as many letters as the Latin alphabet) and was in continues use during the whole time period. The question is why it survived for so long? How come the runic alphabet did not die out sooner given the introduction of the Latin alphabet and the influence from Latin countries (i.e. Western Europe)? Earlier research has largely focused on the Viking age carvings and has not problematized the change from an historical point of view or from a cultural perspective. This essays goal is to explain that change by categorizing the inscriptions according to their theme and content in order to identify runic usage as a cultural belonging, be it a passive or active choice. I will also discuss the literacy level (or to be precis the runeliteracy) of the Scandinavian countries. Who could read the runes and in what context where they used?

  • Olsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Guide to Comfort: The Diasporic Practices of Swedish Clubs in Southern Spain2017In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 3, 156-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates how large social clubs are operating at the locus of an ethnic community-making of Swedish migrants in Southern Spain. The clubs are selectively targeting the relatively wealthy (ethnic) Swedish individuals of older age, offering them a home-like social arena ‘in Swedish’ in which the mediation of information and services is just one of the ‘guidelines’ the clubs offer to ensure the members a comfortable lifestyle in Spain. In this social space, the Swedish migrants meet, socialise and, to some extent, also consume, rather than participating and integrating in Spanish society. The article argues that the practices used by the social clubs are becoming part of the infrastructure guiding migrants towards a Swedish diasporic lifestyle in Southern Spain.

  • Olsson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    O´Reilly, Karen
    Loughborough University, UK.
    North-Europeans in Spain: Practices of community in the context of migration, mobility and transnationalism2017In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 3, 133-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this special issue is the migration of North-Europeans to the Spanish coastal areas which are known to be tourist destinations. This is a kind of mobility that most commonly has been conceptualised as Lifestyle Migration (cf. Benson & O’Reilly 2009a, 2009b). The concept of lifestyle migration has been developed and widely employed as a way of thinking about mainly relatively affluent and relatively privileged forms of migration around the world. The authors of this special issue are moving away from the view of Lifestyle Migrants as a distinct category of migrant, and away from an emphasis on fluid migration forms in the context of privilege. Here, instead we focus on the human-being-ness of all migrations, the ubiquitous search for community and belonging, and the work of inhabitance (Ahmed et al 2003: 1). We also draw attention to the new structures or sedimented forms of social life that emerge from this work of inhabitance. And we also draw attention to the lack of actual privilege for some of these supposedly privileged migrants. In this special issue, we explore the processes of settlement, belonging and home-making for Lifestyle Migrants that are evident in all migration trends (Walsh & Näre 2016). We wish to emphasise that, although Lifestyle Migrants have tended to be treated as a specific type or category of migrant, they are indeed migrants, just as refugees, asylum seekers, labour migrants, and returnee migrants are migrants. Similar processes are at play here even though theconditions of migration might differ. The people who moved to the coastal areas of southern Spain as permanent residents, seasonal visitors and long-stayers are as much mobile human beings as a category of Lifestyle Migrants. So, in this special issue, rather than focus on what is unique about Lifestyle Migration, we examine in depth the social life, the community makings and the everyday realities of British and Swedish lifestyle migrants as examples of global and diverse migrations. We hope the debates and empirical evidence presented here will thus contribute to a richer understanding of the processes of migration in the context of diverse conditions. Further, having been often subjected to an emphasis on fluidity, mobility, and flux (e.g., Cohen 2015), the papers in this special issue draw more attention than previously to the sedimented practices and outcomes of these migrations. The work that the migrants put into community, belonging, routines, patterns, and means of coping and living in everyday life leads to new forms of community, new ways of living, and new sedimented practices that, in turn, shape future lives and practices (cf. O’Reilly 2012).

  • Tollefsen, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Thermal and chemical variations in metamorphic rocks in Nautanen, Gällivare, Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the geology of the Nautanen area. It is part of the SGU-financed project, Metamorphic Map of Sweden, which aims to compile metamorphic data from Sweden and takes the form of a number of Bachelor and Master projects. The main metamorphic event in the Nautanen area is the Svecokarelian Orogeny (1.96 – 1.75 Ga). The samples are metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic rocks, which were intruded by intermediate to mafic intrusions and a later granite intrusion. The supracrustal rocks are folded and the Nautanen Deformation Zone (NDZ) traverses the area in a NW to SE direction. Petrographic studies, XRF analysis and THERMOCALC were used to estimate pressure and temperature and to elucidate evidence of fluid mobility. The average pressure was assumed to be below 4 kbar because of the presence of andalusite. The lowest and highest temperatures for metamorphism were 474±43°C and 681±14°C, with highest temperatures recorded nearest to the granite intrusion. XRF analysis revealed high concentrations of Ba (up to 7000 ppm) in the NDZ. High concentrations of Ba, skarn formation and replacement of garnet by chlorite indicate fluid-controlled metamorphism in the NDZ. The increasing temperature towards the granite intrusion suggests regional or contact prograde metamorphism that need not be related to the NDZ.

  • Huffer, Damien
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Graham, Shawn
    Carleton University.
    The Insta-Dead: The Rhetoric of the Human Remains Trade on Instagram2017In: Internet Archaeology, ISSN 1363-5387, E-ISSN 1363-5387, Vol. 45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a thriving trade, and collector community, around human remains that is facilitated by posts on new social media such as Instagram, Facebook, Etsy, and, until recently, eBay. In this article, we examine several thousand Instagram posts and perform some initial text analysis on the language and rhetoric of these posts to understand something about the function of this community, what they value and how they trade, buy, and sell, human remains. Our results indicate a well-connected network of collectors and dealers both specialist and generalist, with a surprisingly wide-reaching impact on the 'enthusiasts' who, through their rhetoric, support the activities of this collecting community, in the face of legal and ethical issues generated by its existence.

  • Fanny, Selemark Södergren
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Inkluderad och osynlig: En kvalitativ analys om hur transpersoner förhåller sig till representationen av trans i nyhetsartiklar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur representationen av transpersoner uppfattas i nyhetsmedia genom en jämförelse mellan transpersoners egna upplevelser av att vara trans med representationen av trans i nyhetsartiklar och därmed urskilja om normativa och stereotypa föreställningar om trans existerar i framställandet. Empirin utgörs av intervjuer med fem stycken transpersoner. Dessa intervjuer har därefter analyserats med hjälp av ”The constant comparative method” och satts i relation till följande teoretiska ramverk: “annangörande”, performativtetsteori, queerteori, transstudier och genus i media. Empirin har även kopplats till tidigare forskning som berör binära könsnormen och mönster i journalisters källanvändning.

    I resultatet går det att urskilja att respondenternas egna upplevelser av att vara trans, inte överensstämmer med hur trans framställs i artiklarna. Det första huvudtemat i analysen - den binära könsnormen - visar att respondenterna har ett godtyckligt förhållningssätt till användandet av pronomen. Trots detta är samtliga respondenter eniga i sin kritik av hur transpersoner framställs i nyhetsartiklarna utifrån diskussionen kring kroppen och könsuttryck. I den andra huvudtemat - problematiken med tolkningsföreträde - påpekar respondenterna att representationen i artiklarna kan vara ett resultat av både journalistens och intervjuobjektets okunskap. Detta medför att intervjuobjektet ges tolkningsföreträde att tala för alla transpersoner i generella termer. Detta medför att artiklarna generaliserar transbefolkningen och att transcommunityt reduceras till vissa könsidentiteter där andra identiteter osynliggörs. Respondenterna påpekar även att intervjuobjekten och journalisterna anammar CIS-normativa föreställningar om kön och att detta kan vara en förklaring till varför respondenterna och intervjuobjekten har olika uppfattningar om vad det innebär att vara trans.

    Resultatet av studien visar att när transpersoner framställs inom den binära könsnormen för att få en ”plats” i förhållande till CIS – personer (alla personer som inte är trans), utesluts vissa köns- och transidentiteter. Transbefolkningens könsidentiteter underkänns därmed i ett försök att vara inkluderande och synliggörandet resulterar därmed i ett osynliggörande.

  • Johannesson, Paul
    et al.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Untangling the Web of Practices: Designing Information Systems in Context2017In: Systems, Signs & Actions, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Practices are intertwined with each other, often in complex and unexpected ways. Therefore, the development of information systems artefacts does not only need to take into account the practices in which the artefacts are to be used, but also related practices. However, identifying and exploring these practices is a non-trivial task, which so far has not received much attention in the literature. Thus, the overall goal of the research presented in this paper is to provide a support for systematically addressing multiple, related practices in information systems design. The solution presented consists of a set of guidelines for context-aware analysis and design based on a classification of practice relationships, distinguishing between interconnected and resembling relationships. The former focus on exchanges of information as well as other resources, and they can be divided into management, asset, and input/output relationships. The latter consider practices that are similar to each other though they may reside in distinct areas or domains. The research presented is an example of design science, and the primary research methodology used is conceptual analysis. In order to preliminarily validate the result of the research, a demonstration has been carried out by applying the guidelines for analyzing an information system for schools.

  • Kurasov, Pavel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Naboko, Sergey
    Surgery of graphs and spectral gap: Titchmarsh-Weyl operator-function approach2017Report (Other academic)
  • Forsberg Hansson, Love
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Sound of Globalization: Mapping the Dynamics in Contemporary Urban Landscape of Concert Venues2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares and describes the urban landscape of concert venues in Berlin and Stockholm with a focus on popular music. It features research of spatial patterns among concert venues, gathered from participant observations and semi-structured interviews with agencies and officials in the music scene. These patterns make us want to understand the relationship between venues, why they sometimes agglomerate by size in a more gentrified environment. By comparing the spatial patterns with music export data, an illustration of globalization is developed. Further, this study connects to the political controversy of the contemporary view on music, as a source of economic growth or not. The central concept of analysis is the division between high profitable hit music and conventional music. Theoretical perspectives of global economic system is the base for the hypothesis that music is not a homogeneous entity. It is rather polarized in two spheres depending on the status in the global economic system. This study suggests thathit music is a cultural product built on immaterial values and place branding for political agendas, rather than a cultural expression or genre of music like any other. This part of the music economy show specific patterns of localization.

  • Carlson, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Oláh, Livia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hobson, Barbara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Working Paper 78: Policy recommendations to the EU Commission, Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations (2017): Collaborative research project financed by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme 2013-2017 (Grant no. 320116, FP7-SSH-2012-1)2017In: FamiliesAndSocieties.euArticle, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    These policy recommendations are based on main findings of the largescale EU Seventh Framework project, Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations (FamiliesAndSocieties). This executive summary highlights a few of the key policy recommendations:

    • Policy makers ought to be aware of the remarkable diversity of family forms and relationships in contemporary Europe, and aim for a better understanding of the nature and mechanisms of family constellations beyond married couples with children.

    • Policy measures aiming to prevent/reduce the reproduction of vulnerability in families ought to be broad, complementary and embedded into a comprehensive strategy. They should comprise services addressing the needs of particularly vulnerable children as well as reconciliation policies, educational policies and other policy measures. Family constellations more at risk of vulnerability such as single parents, stepfamilies, large families, same-sex families, immigrant families and living-apart-together (LAT) relationships need to be addressed within their specific parameters.

    • More direct supports to youth are needed in most European countries, with the state playing an active role in enabling young people in their transition to adulthood. Financial independence is fundamental. However, the achievement of self-sufficiency is a process preferably supported with a social package encompassing education, housing, job market access, family benefits and social aid.

    • Law, policies and practices have to assess the effects of any privatization or transfer of care (for children, the elderly, frail individuals) back on the family as to all persons concerned, those receiving the care and the caregivers. Reconciliation of care and work should be supported by implementing care leaves not limited to young children, reducing working hours and allowing for greater flexibility in work time for adults in need.

    • To be able to design policies for sustainable societies we need to extend our knowledge on the new roles of men and women and their implications for families and societies. Family-friendly policies, such as parental leave, should consider both parents, as each of their time investments matters for child development.

    • Affordable child care, out of school care and recreation should be available, given the positive association between formal child care and positive child outcomes, which is stronger for children living in more disadvantaged environments. Early and universal access to formal child care is also one of the most efficient interventions to reduce disadvantages among immigrant children.

    • Education and information are key policy issues. Education of children reduces inequality in children’s life chances when they reach adulthood. Information and counselling for parents helps them to cope with parental roles, and raising awareness of employers—and society at large—enhances the understanding of challenges faced by parents.

    • Both labour market and family policies aimed at better reconciliation of work and family responsibilities are required to be supportive for the reallocation of paid and unpaid work between women and men, to diminish gender inequality in economic positions across the life course, and to promote rewarding contacts between generations. Policies aimed at reducing social and economic inequalities that favour the reconciliation of family life, private life and professional life will also help reduce children’s disadvantages and challenges associated with parents’ divorce or separation.

  • Carlson, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Oláh, Livia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hobson, Barbara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Working paper 77: Synthesis of main findings in the FamiliesAndSocieties project, Changing families and sustainable societies: Policy contexts and diversity over the life course and across generations: Research within the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 320116 for the research project FamiliesAndSocieties.2017In: familiesandsocieties.euArticle, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper summarizes the main results produced in the large scale collaborative research project FamiliesAndSocieties, financed in the EU Seventh Framework Programme during the period February 2013 – January 2017. Addressing first the growing diversity of family life courses and their main mechanisms of change, the research then focuses on linked lives and interdependencies through the lens of changing gender and intergenerational dependencies. Societal contexts and policies are addressed in highlighting vulnerable groups, issues of recognition and social inclusion, and family-relevant EU and national level policies. A brief discussion on future social risks and policy challenges, and on the implications of the project findings for policy frameworks concludes this report.

  • Carlson, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Addressing unlawful discrimination: The Swedish Journey2016In: Globalization, Fragmentation, Labour and Employment Law: A Swedish Perspective / [ed] Laura Carlson, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2016, 1, 139-160 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter traces the journey of unlawful discrimination perceived of as a non-issue in Sweden to the current parliamentary understanding of protection against unlawful discrimination as a fundamental human right now buttressed by legal regulation. This journey has been to the greatest extent influenced by events outside of Sweden, namely the Europeanisation and internationalisation of human rights that has successively been gaining ground since World War II. Arriving at the current Swedish parliamentary perception – that protection against unlawful discrimination on the basis of sex, transgender identity and expression, ethnicity, religion or other belief, disability, sexual orientation or age, is a fundamental human right – has been neither a self-evident, nor a linear, path in Swedish law. The Swedish courts, however, cannot yet be seen as embracing this same development, rather instead invoking a more liberal analysis when deciding such claims as seen below. As evidenced by these examples, we now have the law in the books, but arguably not yet the law in action when it comes to unlawful discrimination protections. The gap between the intent of the legislator and the application of the discrimination law by the Swedish courts is the focus of this chapter, with particular attention paid to access to justice issues as one way of reducing this distance.

  • Carlson, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Discrimination damages - Promoting or preventing access to justice?2017In: Festskrift till Ann Numhauser-Henning / [ed] Mia Rönnmar, Lund: Juristförlaget, Lund, 2017, 1, 129-143 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on combating unlawful discrimination; a battle firmly entrenched in both Swedish and EU law. Hand-in-hand with eradicating unlawful discrimination are issues of access to justice, the ability of individuals to seek and obtain effective remedies for unlawful discrimination through institutions of justice. The focus of this contribution is on three vital aspects necessary for disadvantaged communities to have access to justice. The first is effective, proportional and dissuasive remedies for discrimination claims. Closely tied to this are aspects two and three, whether the Swedish justice system is financially accessible for discrimination plaintiffs and whether legal counsel is available to such plaintiffs. This contribution examines the institution of discrimination damages (diskrimineringsersättning) as newly created in the Swedish 2008 Discrimination Act, both as intended by the legislature to increase access to justice and as applied by the Labour Court (Arbetsdomstolen, ‘AD’). The intention and application of the law will be assessed against an access to justice analysis focusing on the award of damages as well as trial costs and fees, and access to legal counsel for plaintiffs.

  • Carlson, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Guarding the Academic Freedom of University Teachers: Time for a Reassessment?2017In: Niklas Bruun i Sverige: En vänbook / [ed] Kerstin Ahlberg, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2017, 1, 57-70 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a historical overview of the concept of academic freedom, and then a comparison of the development and protections of academic freedom in Germany, the United States and Sweden. Not surprisingly, the argument is made here for greater and more explicit constitutional protections with respect to academic freedom.

    Academic freedom is a fundamental concept in the world of academia, but despite it being often cited, there is little detail in the law to offer any substantive definition of what it is. Historically, academic freedom has been discussed from three different perspectives, the general freedom of the university as originally a religious corporate body separate from the royal power, the academic freedom of students, and the academic freedom of professors with respect to enquiry and teaching. This chapter focuses on the academic freedom of professors, and this from the legal parameters found in the German, American and Swedish systems.

  • Feldwisch, Ortrun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Heimat: Diachrone Analyse eines Lexems in einsprachigen deutschen Wörterbüchern (1877-2017)2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    In dieser Arbeit werden Artikel des Lexems Heimat aus bekannten einsprachigen deutschen Wörterbüchern unterschiedlichen Ausgabedatums (1877 bis 2017) auf Bedeutungsveränderungen untersucht. Als Referenzrahmen wurden die von Andrea Bastian 1995 in ihrem Buch „Der Heimat-Begriff“ entwickelten Bereiche Alltagsbereich (geografisches, soziales und emotionales Element) und die Verwendungsbereiche des Rechts, der Politik, der Naturwissenschaften und der Religion verwendet. Diese Verwendungsbereiche sind bereits 1877 nachweisbar. Ab 1969 wird Heimat in der ersten Teilbedeutung nicht nur mit dem geografischen sondern auch mit dem emotionalen Element des Alltagsbereichs beschrieben. Die zweite Teilbedeutung enthält den naturwissenschaftlichen Bereich. Die Bereiche des Rechts und der Politik werden in Verwendungsbeispielen dargestellt, wobei der Inhalt gesellschaftliche Änderungen spiegelt. Der religiöse Bereich ist bis 1969 vertreten, verschwindet 1977 bis 2006 und wird 2011 wieder aufgegriffen.

  • Fabiano Pinatti de Carvalho, Aparecido
    et al.
    University of Siegen, , .
    Rossitto, ChiaraStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Lampinen, AiriStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Luigina, CiolfiSheffield Hallam University, , .Gray, BredaUniversity of Limerick, , .
    Proceedings of the ECSCW 2017 Workshop on “Nomadic Cultures Beyond Work Practices”2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Fabiano Pinatti de Carvalho, Aparecido
    et al.
    University of Siegen, , .
    Rossitto, ChiaraStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Lampinen, AiriStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Luigina, CiolfiSheffield Hallam University, , .Gray, BredaUniversity of Limerick, , .
    Proceedings of the ECSCW 2017 Workshop on “Nomadic Cultures Beyond Work Practices”2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Puranen Vasilakis, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    A comparison between the effects of polylactic acid and polystyrene microplastics on Daphnia magna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of microplastics on zooplankton are an increasing environmental concern. Both primary microplastics that are produced as constituents of cosmetic products, as well as secondary microplastics that are formed by degradation of larger plastic debris, are ubiquitous in aquatic environments. Today, primary microplastics are being phased out and replaced by plant-derived bioplastics. Whether these new materials have similar effects as oil-based microplastics on animals is currently unknown. Here, we compare the effects of secondary microplastic exposure to Daphnia magna, using polylactic acid (PLA) as a representative for bioplastics and polystyrene (PS) for oil-based plastics. To increase the ecological relevance of our tests, we also provided treatments where the particles were coated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a means to simulate the coating of biofilms which readily form on particles under natural conditions. Furthermore, to be able to differentiate the effects of general particles from those specific to microplastics, kaolin clay was used as a control treatments, as well as one treatment containing only algae. The objectives were to test the influence of particles on feeding rates, reproduction and growth. PS caused a higher mortality, decreased feeding rate and reproductive output, while PLA and kaolin did not produce any negative effects. BSA did not have a significant effect on reproduction or growth. However, a decrease in reproduction was observed in the plastic treatments. Degradation of PS into styrene monomers is suggested as a possible explanation for the observed toxicity and effects on life history parameters. 

  • Public defence: 2017-12-22 13:00 hörsal 2 hus A, 114 18 Stockholm
    Lars, Ahnland
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Financialization in Swedish Capitalism: Debt, inequality and crisis in Sweden, 1900-20132017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation adresses financialization – the increasing role of financial activities in the overall economy – in Sweden in 1900-2013. The focus is on the long run relationships between private debt, asset markets, inequality and financial crisis during this period. In line with established scholarship, the present study finds that changes in bank debt had a positive impact on the probability of financial crisis in Sweden. Functional income distribution between profits and wages was an underlying factor influencing the formation of bank debt levels through its impact on collateral in stock markets. Expenses related to the Swedish welfare state – the size of the public sector, government investment and housing construction – had a long run relationship with the wage share. The welfare state has been an effective counter-measure not just against a high profit share, but also against financialization. Moreover, the dissertation shows that the recent era of financialization in Swedish capitalism is not unique in kind. Rather, recent financialization is very similar to the macroeconomic situation during the early decades of the 20th Century. These findings are consistent with much of heterodox economic theory, in particular the Neo-Marxist approach. 

  • Haji Hashi, Zana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Fouzai, Rayhan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    "Jag är visst viktig": En studie om modersmålslärares uppfattning om samverkan och modersmålsundervisning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att man ska kunna undervisa elever som inte har svenska som sitt modersmål är det önskvärt att det finns en samverkan mellan modersmålslärare och lärare. Samverkan kan bland annat gå ut på att anpassa undervisningen så att eleven lär sitt andraspråk på bästa sätt. Därmed bör elevens behov och förkunskaper kartläggas men samtidigt också bli erbjuden modersmålsundervisning och studiehandledning som stöd för sitt fortsatta lärande.

    Syftet med denna studie är att redovisa för modersmålslärares uppfattning om samverkan och modersmålsundervisning. För att samla ihop data till vår studie har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod där vi genom ett snöbollsurval intervjuat åtta modersmålslärare.

    Utifrån de intervjuer vi har haft har vi sett ett behov där modersmålslärarens yrkesroll bör omdefinieras men samtidigt också tas på allvar. När det kommer till samverkan visade det sig att informanterna uppfattade det som ensidigt. Där modersmålsläraren är den partnern som tar mer del av den omfattande helheten gällande elevens behov och lärande än klassläraren. 

  • Searby, Denis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Stridskvinnan Birgitta2017In: Humanitas.: Festskrift till Arne Jönsson. / [ed] Astrid M. H. Nilsson, Aske Damtoft Poulsen & Johanna Svensson, Makadam Förlag, 2017, 217-230 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “Stridskvinnan Birgitta” focuses on aspects of Birgitta’s writings less palatable to moderntastes, such as images of violent punishment in hell and purgatory. It brings in the exampleof the American Catholic author Flannery O’Connor to illustrate how, from Birgitta’sperspective, violent images could represent an occasion of grace for the recipient of herrevelations. It also discusses Birgitta’s support for the king’s “crusade” to the Baltic countriesfor the purposes of Christianizing them and touches on her view of proper conductin warfare.

  • Public defence: 2017-12-21 13:00 hörsal 7, hus D, Stockholm
    Kridahl, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Time for Retirement: Studies on how leisure and family associate with retirement timing in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Retirement transition is a major life event in later adult life. Its timing is important for older individuals for economic, personal and family reasons, as well as for aging societies contemplating a comprehensive plan for population changes, including sustainability of the labor force, pension system, and welfare services such as eldercare. This thesis explores retirement timing in contemporary Sweden, which serves as an interesting case study because of its aging population, high labor force participation of men and women, universal pension system and generous welfare services. The overarching aim of the thesis is to investigate how relationships in the private sphere associate with retirement timing by focusing on leisure engagement, family relations and intergenerational ties.

    The thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four empirical studies. The purpose of the introductory chapter is to place the four studies in context by focusing on the Swedish population structure, labor force participation and pension system and by highlighting some of the central theories and empirical findings related to retirement transition.

    Study I addresses leisure engagement before retirement and retirement timing, and how engagement in leisure changes after retirement. The study finds that retirement timing varies by both the type of preretirement activity domain and the level of engagement. For instance, occasional or frequent engagement in dance and music postponed retirement compared to no engagement in these activities. The study also finds that patterns of leisure engagement after transition into retirement tend to be a continuation of the corresponding preretirement patterns.

    Study II investigates the association between grandparenthood and retirement timing. The results show that grandparents at different life stages are more likely to retire compared to non-grandparents, but there is also variation among grandparents, and the more complex the family situation, the more likely grandparents are to retire.

    In Study III, the focus shifts to the relationship between survival of elderly parents and retirement timing. The study finds that parental survival is positively linked to retirement timing and that the effects are stronger and more consistent for women thanfor men, in particular when only one parent is still alive. Additionally, women have a higher propensity of retiring in the immediate period after parental death, especially when the father is widowed. In contrast, men have a higher propensity of retiring when either the mother or father has been widowed for some years.

    Study IV examines married couples’ propensity to coordinate retirement. The study finds that the likelihood that spouses will coordinate their retirement decreases as their age difference increases but that age differences have a similar effect on retirement coordination for couples with a larger age difference. The study also finds that coordination is largely gender neutral in opposite-sex couples with age differences, regardless of whether the male is the older spouse.

    The thesis shows that, compared to wealth or health predictors of retirement, factors concerning the private sphere are also most relevant in non-trivial ways to large shares of retirees in Sweden. Increased knowledge of these relationships is important both for individuals’ retirement planning and for decision-makers’ and policy-makers’ planning and organization.