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  • Kylin, Hanna Linnéa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Assessing the performance of Ecological Compensation in Sweden: A comparative case study of an emerging tool in different contexts2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ecological compensation (EC) assumes that ecological values are substitutable across spatial units. EC is increasingly recognised in Sweden as a novel policy instrument for land-use planning, however, it suffers from inconsistency in application and outcome. For example, there are no legal provisions to require EC for urban development or new roads and railways. This study shows that there are many context dependent variables affecting the performance of EC in Sweden, which can partly be explained by authorities’ lacking experience in administrating these questions, and by the absence of a standardised structure for handling the full EC process. These shortcomings together with an inadequate legislation may cause EC to result in “license-to-trash” and fails to guarantee no net loss of ecological values. The performance of EC in Sweden was assessed through two case studies: the Sigtuna trading estate and the Aitik mine expansions. Implementation procedures and compensation designs were investigated by analysis of written documents and semi-structured interviews. The data was structured in an analytical framework, displaying similarities and context dependent disparities. The results suggest that, for the Aitik-case, licence-to-trash is a risk if compensation schemes are reviewed by the regulatory authorities during the processing of the application. The Sigtuna case suggests, opposed to earlier findings, that the Plan and Building Act can be utilised for EC if the compensation measures are regulated in a development agreement between the municipality and the landowner/developer. Both cases suggest that additionality can be met by appropriate institutional design, whereas no net loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services hardly can be achieved within the existing Swedish legal framework. To improve the performance of EC, structures for handling the process from quantification of social and ecological values, to monitoring of compensation outcomes must be implemented in all development projects affecting nature.

  • Toll, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “Could that be diabolical, and really spotted with unseen evil, which was so spotless to the eye?”: Discipline and Homosexuality in Walter Pater's "Emerald Uthwart" and "Apollo in Picardy"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Walter Pater’s work there are often mentions of discipline and ascesis in an explicitly positive way. But, in some of his work, discipline, although not ascesis, seem to be taking on a more negative form. Critics have nonetheless seemed satisfied with Pater’s explicit praise for discipline and the area is thus not very thoroughly researched. One area that is well researched is the homoerotic subtexts that are evident in a lot of Pater’s work, which critics have examined in a variety of different ways. I suggest analysing the imaginary portraits “Emerald Uthwart” and “Apollo in Picardy,” to argue that Pater contrasts the Ancient Greek notion of ascesis with the nineteenth century understanding of discipline in order to question the legal restrictions on homosexuality in late nineteenth century England. Due to the historical context of the 1885 Criminal Law Amendment Act, which criminalised homosexuality, and Pater’s regular use of—as well as his admiration for—Ancient Greece, I have found that there is a connection between discipline, ascesis, and homosexuality. In the essay I make use of some of Foucault’s theories, especially from The History of Sexuality Vol. 1 and Vol. 2., to argue that the juxtaposition between homosexuality and discipline and ascesis in the two portraits provides new insights to the intricacies of Pater’s work.

    Keywords: Walter Pater; discipline; ascesis; homosexuality; “Apollo in Picardy”; “Emerald Uthwart”; Imaginary Portraits

  • Molander, Christoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Amiable Humor and Dual Address in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The humor of Mark Twain has long fascinated his readers. Critics such as Messent (2007), Budd (2005), Gerber (1988) and Camfield (2005) have all analyzed Mark Twain’s humor to reveal nuances and to help further the understanding of what makes Twain’s writing humorous. However, there is a distinct gap in the research so far conducted investigating Twain’s humor in relation to young readers, which this paper will begin to address. Twain’s novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (2007) poses a relevant subject for this research as Twain explicitly (in the preface to the novel) professes to write both for children and adults simultaneously. Writing in such a way can be categorized as either “double address” or “dual address”, understanding these terms according to the definitions of Barbara Wall (1991).

    In this paper I will argue that Mark Twain manages to create “dual address” in Tom Sawyer by using what Greg Camfield (2005) calls “amiable humor” and constructing scenes out of childhood in order to produce delight and nostalgia. By reading closely excerpts of the book and analyzing Twain’s specific use of humor through three prominent theories—superiority theory, relief theory and incongruity— it becomes possible to identify what the implied reader is meant to find humorous, and therefore if Twain manages to establish a “dual address”. An understanding of Twain’s humor from the perspective of both young and adult reader furthers our understanding of the novel by revealing Twain’s implementation of complex “dual address” narration and its implications.

  • Wysocka, Patrycja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The study abroad experience: Self-reflecting on the development of intercultural competence and identity after one semester abroad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Study abroad programmes have become popular among students around the world nowadays. Thanks to the participation in the exchange, students are able to improve their intercultural skills, which may be beneficial for them in their future careers. This study investigates students’ development of intercultural competence and identity after spending one semester at the university in Hong Kong. Its main focus is to analyse how study abroad programmes impact students’ abilities in intercultural communication by analysing their self-reflections towards their re-invented identities as well as the overall experience of living and studying in a different country. The whole study is also based on the concept of linguistic repertoire, which is here being updated in the context of globalisation. In order to collect the data, four participants from the Netherlands, Germany and Canada were asked to fill in initial contact forms by providing information about one specific intercultural encounter that they have experienced during the study abroad period. This information then acted as the background knowledge used in the following interviews with each participant, where their opinions have been further developed in more detail. The results show that the participants further developed their skills in intercultural competence as well as enhanced their already interculturally-oriented identities. As for the impact on their linguistic repertoires, the interesting finding shows that the linguistic repertoires of the participants with English as a second language might have been affected slightly more than those of the native speakers. In the end, these results agree with the previous research on the development of intercultural skills after the study abroad period and highlight the importance of participating in study abroad programmes as students become prepared for their future careers in the highly globalised world.

  • Svedberg, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    A Deeply Satisfying Lie?: Authorship, Performance, and Recognition in 21st Century American Novels2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a considerable amount of research done on questions of authorship over the past century or so, and the interest in the subject is still going strong today. This essay takes as its point of departure two seminal poststructuralist essays on authorship—Roland Barthes’s “The Death of the Author,” and Michel Foucault’s “What is an Author?”—as these texts have had a significant impact on the discourse. It examines how scholars like Seán Burke and Jane Gallop have explained this anti-authorial tendency and extended the connection between authors and death, and how their findings relate to a performative conception of authorship. The study will take as its central critical approach the study of authorship as cultural performance as formulated by Ingo Berensmeyer, Gert Buelens, and Marysa Demoor, and Sonja Longolius. It will utilize this approach to analyze four contemporary American novels—James Frey’s A Million Little Pieces (2003), Paul Auster’s Travels in the Scriptorium (2006), Ron Currie Jr.’s Flimsy Little Plastic Miracles (2013), and J.J. Abrams and Doug Dorst’s S. (2013)—and the different ways in which these novels problematize notions of authorial self-invention. The focus of the analysis will be on the author-reader relationship, moments of recognition, and developments in writing technology. These issues have been selected for their connection to current conceptions of the creation of author personae, which can in turn be viewed as reflecting performance as it takes place in daily life and therefore give indications as to the cultural climate in which the novels were produced. Ultimately, the aim is to have illustrated how these novels present the reader with textually traced author personae that are highly aware of their own performances. In addition, it is suggested that authors are dependent on their readers to recognize these personae for them to become felicitously legitimized.

  • Drapsa, Mindy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    En kartläggning av kalendariska termer i svenskt teckenspråk2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kartläggningen av kalendariska tecken som semantisk domän i det svenska teckenspråket grundar sig på en pågående tjeckisk teckenspråkstypologisk studie. Parametrar som kartläggningen fokuserar på är bokstaverade tecken, sammansatta tecken, sifferinkorporering och tecken som placeras utmed tidslinjer.

    Datainsamlingen sker via en enkätundersökning med videointervjuer, samt från svenskt teckenspråkslexikon. Tecknen från svenskt teckenspråkslexikon sorteras vidare i tabeller med presentation och diskussion. Det framgår att bokstaverade tecken tillämpas mest när det gäller kalendermånader och veckodagar. Både sammansatta tecken och sifferinkorporering förekommer hos ett par kalendariska tecken. Tidslinjer tillämpas hos teckenexempel i tidsenheter samt veckodagar med ett visst tillägg.

  • Wiberg Engström, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Clinton eller Trump?: En analys av nyhetsvärderingar i fyra svenska tidningar under presidentvalet i USA 20162017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this thesis is the American election of 2016 and how it was reported in four Swedish newspapers; Svenska Dagbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen and Aftonbladet. The theoretical approach is based on an analysis of news values, explaining what generally attracts the attention of media outlets, specifically newspapers. A quantitative content analysis shows that Donald Trump was by far the most reported presidential candidate in the leading Swedish newspapers. Hillary Clinton was more seldom reported about. All newspapers had strong strong arguments against Donald Trumps presidential candidature, but the support for Hillary Clinton was at the same time relatively weak.

  • Gärdenfors, Moa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Syntaktisk struktur i svenskt teckenspråk hos hörande andraspråksinlärare: – En analys av ordföljd, bisatser och användning av verb2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien har den syntaktiska strukturen hos två grupper L2-inlärare med olika teckenspråkskunskaper undersökts. Deras resultat har jämförts med en kontrollgrupp döva förstamålstalare. Resultatet visar att L2-grupperna i stort sett använder samma ordföljd (SVO) som kontrollgruppen vilket kan bero på facilitering (positiv transfer) från svenskan som också är ett SVO-språk. Vidare verkar L2-grupperna vilja uttrycka ett verb två gånger i en sats – en så kallad verb-sandwich. Användningen av verb-sandwich minskar med tiden, och istället ökar de seriella verben – flera semantiska verb efter varandra. Resultatet visar också att ju större teckenspråkskunskaper man har, desto fler subjektlösa satser uttrycks. Med tiden blir många av referenterna i återberättelserna implicita i takt med att L2-deltagarna lär sig behärska constructed action. Vad gäller bisatserna tycks de adverbiella bisatserna utvecklas först hos L2-inlärarna, men användningen av dem minskar efterhand. Med tiden utvecklas även objektsbisatserna. Till sist utvecklas de relativa satserna som är svåra för L2-gruppen att lära sig eftersom man måste behärska de icke-manuella signalerna. Gruppernas bisatsutveckling jämfördes slutligen med en annan undersökning som studerade L2-inlärare av talad modalitet. Även här var ordningen av bisatsutvecklingen adverbiella bisatser>objektsbisatser>relativa satser.

  • Antera, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Adult educators' competences. The principals' view: A comparative study of Komvux and Folk high schools in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the growing importance of lifelong learning, country examples of good practices are attracting more and more attention. Characterized by high participation rates and enjoying long tradition, the Swedish adult education is considered a thriving education system. Nevertheless, with regards to adult educators’ qualifications, low regulation is detected turning the Swedish case in an intriguing topic of investigation.

     

    In this context the current study attempts to explore the competences of adult educators. More specifically, it constitutes an effort to detect the most significant among them, by examining the perspective of adult education centers principals, actors with major influence in recruiting and further training adult educators.

     

    The study engages a qualitative approach, collecting data through semi-structured interviews with adult education centers principals. The findings are analyzed and compared based on predetermined units of comparison, consisting of municipal adult education centers (komvux) and folk high schools, two different types of education providers.

     

    On the basis of the findings of this research study, it can be concluded that the locus was on competences related to teamwork and organizational learning. On the other hand, teaching competences, especially in the form of formal qualifications were not prioritized or set in the center of discussion.

     

    Nevertheless, the lack of initial education programs specialized in adult learning affects the professionalization of adult educators in various unexplored ways and thus requires more research.

  • Zeller Tiilikainen, Ylva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärares möjligheter och svårigheter att utforma gemensamma värderingar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine what enables and makes it difficult for teachers to create common values ​​in a school. The study is a case study of a school in Kunskapsskolan Education Sweden (KED). The organization has common values as a goal with the purpose to be a tool for teachers in the work, and to create an organizational culture. The empirical material consists of interviews and observations. The result shows that the school's operation and structure provides support for teachers' collaboration and it will be fundamental to the ability to create consensus about the school's goals. The organization, cooperation and a common goal is expressed as a key condition for the possibility of developing common values. The teachers are aware of the organization's formal goals and values, but the most important is the informal values ​​created through the collaboration in teams and by common perceptions of the target in the work. The pedagogical approach in the school also affects to the common values expressed in the school's culture. Organization and cooperation on goal must have the potential to become a common system of thought in the school's inner workings if they are to be shared values. They then expressed in the school's culture and in everyday work and contribute to school activities is perceived as a shared responsibility.

  • Ageman, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gunnarson, Josephine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Elevassistentens uppfattningar om sitt arbete för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att belysa hur yrkesverksamma elevassistenter uppfattar sitt arbete för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. Studiens frågeställningar är ”Hur beskriver elevassistenten sitt arbetssätt för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar?”  ”Hur uppfattar elevassistenten sin yrkesroll i relation till elever och kollegor?” samt  ”hur kan man förstå elevassistentens beskrivning av sitt arbete utifrån Antonovskys teori om känsla av sammanhang?” Studien utgår från teorin KASAM, känsla av sammanhang. Datan har samlats in via semistrukturerade interjuver och därefter analyserats via en abduktiv tematisk analys. Resultatet visar att yrkesrollen är oklar, att en relation till eleverna är av vikt och att olika arbetssätt för att uppnå en känsla av struktur är central. En av studiens slutsatser är att det råder en viss oklarhet angående vad yrket som elevassistent faktiskt innebär, både hos de som själva jobbar som elevassistent men även hos andra yrkeskategorier på skolan och detta har sina konsekvenser för hur elevassistenter uppfattar sin yrkesroll.

  • Bernadet, Marie-Hélène
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Analyse de l’écriture d’Annie Ernaux dans La Place et La Honte: Entre littérature et sociologie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the writing of Annie Ernaux in two early texts LaPlace and La Honte. We will explain the notion of “écriture plate” (neutral writing) firstdefined by Roland Barthes and we will examine Ernaux’s narrative approach regarding thisconcept. We will also review the place and the use of the sociological in the two novels,focusing on the intertextuality between Ernaux’s and Bourdieu’s work. Our theoreticalbackground will be based on Barthes’ literary critic in Writing Degree Zero and onBourdieu’s general studies about class distinction and reproduction of social structures.

  • Lundmark, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Den miljövänliga människan: Subjektspositioner och handlingsutrymme i den miljöpolitiska debatten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen studerar konstruktioner av miljövänlighet inom den politiska debatten med syfte att utforska hur detta knyts till kategorier av människor och handlingar. I relation till tidigare empirisk forskning som påvisat en förskjutning från statligt till individuellt ansvar inom miljöpolitiken är det vitalt att undersöka vilken slags människa som åberopas i den individualiserade miljöpolitiska diskursen. Diskursen om den miljövänliga människan är en arena där normer och hierarkier om det önskvärda produceras, vars materiella effekter består i vilka konkreta lösningar på klimat- och miljöproblemen som betraktas som legitima/illegitima samt hur människor uppfattar sin egen position och möjlighet till agens i relation till miljöproblemen. Studiens syfte är därför att undersöka vilka miljövänliga subjektspositioner som framträder i den miljöpolitiska debatten samt att utforska vilka handlingar som möjliggörs respektive omöjliggörs för det miljömedvetna subjektet. Detta har gjorts genom en kvalitativ och diskursorienterad textanalys av miljöpolitiska debattartiklar skrivna av partipolitiska representanter. Analysen har visat att materialet inrymmer tre dominerande diskurser som knyter kategorierna individen, konsumenten respektive svensken till specifika föreställningar om miljövänlighet, där teknisk kompentens, företagsamhet och konsumtions- och livsstilsval står i centrum. Vidare har analysen visat att begreppsparen rätt-fel respektive aktiv-passiv skapar skiljelinjer mellan miljövänliga och icke-miljövänliga handlingar. Aktiva handlingar innebär både att göra medvetna konsumtionsval, men också tillväxtgenerande aktiviteter i vid bemärkelse så som lönearbete, entreprenörskap och att konsumera (till skillnad från att avstå i miljövänlighetens namn). Analysen har även visat att diskursen om rätt respektive fel agerande bidrar till en avpolitisering av miljöfrågan där individuella handlingar inte bara premieras, utan också görs till det enda rimliga alternativet.

  • Greco, Alberto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Prosodia in L2: giudizi percettivi di italofoni sulla produzione di apprendenti svedesi: Fenomeni diatopici nella percezione degli italofoni2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the L2 learning process, prosody is among the most determinant linguistic features for a fully pragmatic competence. Additionally, this ability is often crucial for the disambiguation of certain structures and thus also crucial for perceptive acceptability. Italian prosodic configurations dramatically vary through the diatopic dimension. Nevertheless, certain prosodic structures and patterns can still be perceived as effective and acceptable. With these perspectives, we explored the oral acceptability in L2 of advanced Swedish learners of Italian through perceptive judgments by natives. Despite the lack of acoustic analysis and the limitation in the size of the sample of our study, the results showed a strong indication for a regional variation of the perception by the Italian natives, not only considering the production of learners but also considering the natives themselves. Finally, we discuss some of the didactic implications which may be considered particularly useful for native teachers in L2 contexts.

  • Helgesson, Mona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Formativ bedöming: En studie av lärares uppfattningar om formativ bedömning i grundskolans yngre åldrar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bergling, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Föräldraledighetsfrämjande arbetsplatser: En kvantitativ studie av arbetsplatsers påverkan på fördelning av föräldraledighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av de svenska familjepolitiska målen är att hem- och omsorgsarbete ska fördelas jämlikt mellan könen. Föräldraledighetsfördelning är ett mått på detta. Män tar idag ut 25 procent av utbetalda föräldrapenningsdagar medan kvinnor tar ut 75 procent. Forskning har fokuserat på individegenskapers påverkan på föräldraledighetsfördelningen. I denna uppsats undersöks istället arbetsplatsens betydelse. Faktorer som studeras relaterar till krav, kontroll och stöd samt arbetsplatsens sektorstillhörighet. Levnadsundersökningen 2010 ligger till grund för studien. Frågeställningarna är 1) Finns det något samband mellan arbetskrav, arbetskontroll samt tillgång till arbetsrelaterat stöd och föräldraledighetsfördelning? 2) Finns det skillnader i sambandens styrka mellan könen? 3) Skiljer sig eventuella samband mellan föräldrar som arbetar inom offentlig och privat sektor? Resultatet visar att arbetsplatsfaktorer har viss påverkan på hur föräldraledighet fördelas med köns- och sektorsskillnader. För kvinnor inom offentlig och privat sektor har krav- och kontrollrelaterade faktorer betydelse för föräldraledighetsuttag. För män i privat sektor påverkar stödrelaterade faktorer föräldraledighetsuttaget. Inget samband hittas för män inom offentlig sektor. Slutsatsen är att främst kvinnors arbetsplatsfaktorer påverkar föräldraledighetsfördelning, vilket kan bero på att kvinnor upplever en större konflikt mellan arbete och familj. Att studera arbetsplatsers organisering är därför av betydelse för att öka ett jämlikt föräldraledighetsuttag. 

  • Valdés, Camila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Paridad y Patriarcado: Acciones Afirmativas y la Feminización del Patriarcado2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze to what extent the affirmative actions and the normative mechanisms adopted by the Plurinational State of Bolivia improve women's human right to a life without gender violence, as well as to understand how women in Bolivia perceive the parity in the government. Among the normative mechanisms is the ‘Law to Guarantee Women a Life Free of Violence’ (Law No. 348) and the ‘Special Force against Violence’ (FELCV).The research methodology for this study is qualitative, since the semi-structured interviews permits a broader understanding of the research problem but it also contains numerical data related to the implementation of the ‘Law No. 348’ that reaffirms the results of the interviews.The result of the study indicates that affirmative actions and normative mechanisms are being carried out within a patriarchal context and therefore the improvement of the right to a life without gender violence has not been satisfactory. There has simply been a feminization of patriarchy and not a structural change.

  • Samaras, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    The 2016 Presidential Impeachment in Brazil: An analysis of the coverage of protests pro and against in national newspapers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars have long argued that mainstream media tends to illustrate protest events and protesters highlighting the aspects of drama, violence and deviant behaviour in the events (Harlow and Johnson, 2011: 1361). Such aspects are referred to as “protest paradigm” which can be considered as the patterns of coverage that expresses disapproval regarding protests (Lee, 2014: 2727). Many studies have investigated the international coverage of other nations’ protests (see Boyle et al, 2012; Harlow and Johnson, 2011; Lee, 2014), but not many have investigated how protests are covered in the national media. Moreover, studies on the protest paradigm have largely been applied in the Western context, leaving aside an opportunity to investigate the theory in other parts of the world. Therefore, relying on the protest paradigm theory, and focusing specifically on the marginalization elements that constitute the paradigm, the present study analysed the characteristics of the Brazilian newspapers’ coverage of the protests that took place during president Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment process. Hence, to fill such research gaps, this study investigated two of the most read Brazilian daily newspapers, Folha de São Paulo and O Estado de São Paulo with the help of Content Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The analysis helped establishing to which extent the newspapers covered the protests for or against ousting of president Dilma Rousseff, and whether they positioned themselves for or against the impeachment. Finally, the present study raised important results such as: both newspapers devoted more than half of the coverage to articles about protests supporting president Dilma’s impeachment and most importantly, that they took a position regarding the impeachment process, although not in an obvious and explicit way.

  • McBay, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Vårt märke”: En queer läsning av Michail Bulgakovs roman Mästaren och Margarita2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats presenteras hur en möjlig queer läsning av Michail Bulgakovs roman Mästaren och Margarita kan se ut. Jag presenterar här en möjlig queer läsning av Jesjua och Pontius Pilatus, samt mästaren och Margaritas förhållanden utifrån en undersökning av två teman som förekommer i boken, samt av bokens narrativ. De två teman som undersöks är förbud, däribland förbjuden kunskap och censur, samt spegling, förekomsten av paralleller mellan karaktärer och bokens två handlingar, och då också hur dessa handlingar samverkar. Detta görs med hjälp av en innehållsanalys i form av en queer, mer specifikt lesbisk läsning. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk är hämtat från queerteori kopplad till litteratur, bland annat Sedgwicks Epistemology of the Closet och Kevin Moss undersökning av Sedgwicks teorier i förhållande till sovjetisk litteratur.

    De frågor som besvaras i denna uppsats är hur Mästaren och Margarita och de två ovan nämnda förhållandena kan läsas som queera, samt huruvida bokens politiska allegori kan läsas som en allegori över det queera, det vill säga om behandlingen av politisk avvikelse och dissidenter kan liknas vid behandlingen av homosexualitet. Uppsatsen påvisar även hur mästaren och Margaritas förhållande genom en queer läsning kan ses som allegori över ett lesbiskt förhållande. Uppsatsens syfte är att aktualisera Mästaren och Margarita och öppna boken för en ny publik. Detta särskilt genom att aktualisera den politiska allegorin och påvisa bokens homosexuella undertoner.

  • Beskow, Moa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Hus och trädgårdar i Glasberga Sjöstad: En etnologisk studie om visioner, smak och estetiska ideal2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to examine the aesthetics due to a new residential area, Glasberga Sjöstad, located in the outskirts of Södertälje. During the first construction process in the housing estate, some of the buildings appeared not familiar to the Swedish norm, and they did not fit into the concept Garden City, “trädgårdsstaden”. The main research question is to investigate the aesthetics and planning ideals according to the forming of Glasberga Sjöstad and the study focus on the lack of consistency between the vision and the everyday-reality. Another important starting-point is questions about ethnic segregation and aspects of power relations between a majority and a minority in the society. Former research points at causal factors as socioeconomic imbalances and class-aspects as important to understand the ethnic- and race segregated Swedish society, and the main research question in this study, is to add a focus on the aesthetics as an important aspect and more, to pay attention to the middleclass-citizens. The study is built upon in-depth interviews with residents in Glasberga Sjöstad and analyses of planning documents and aesthetic guidelines due to the construction process. The material shows that the aesthetic guidelines are built upon former ideals and it also shows that the inhabitant of Glasberga pay less attentions to the aesthetics of the houses, than to the social relations with their neighbours. The outcome of this study proposes the aesthetics as an important matter in planning and power practices, and proposes for a more open-minded way to embrace and include cultural diversity. 

  • Breslin, Samuel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Getting down to business: An exploratory study of Swedish nonprofits’ commercial responses to revenue loss2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines whether commercial activity within Swedish nonprofits engaged in international humanitarian assistance stems from previous losses in private and government revenue. Resource dependence theory suggests that nonprofits, as rational actors, will shift their resource-earning strategies in response to competition or a lack of resources. Swedish research has not focused heavily on nonprofit finances and commercial activity. Through constructing a unique dataset with organizational data and sources of revenue for members of the Swedish Fundraising Control (Svensk Insamlingskontroll) from 2011 to 2015, this study tests panel data for patterns in commercial revenue use. Trend analysis, as well as fixed-effect and OLS estimations do not support previous research claiming that increased commercial revenue results from decreases in public and private revenue. Instead, preliminary results suggest that revenue growth and organizational age are positively associated with commercial revenue. Isomorphism is explored as a mechanism and calls for more Swedish research and databases are made.

  • Setréus, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Cocacola-Cowboys och pojksoldater: Om maskulinitetens pedagogik i anstalt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming at a deeper understanding of social structure in male dominated spaces this essay regards Swedish correctional facilities as pedagogical institutions where participants engage in learning activities. Through the lens of the situated pedagogy of Jean Lave & Etienne Wenger the institutions are seen as constituted of two primary communities of practice, one engaging the correctional officers and one engaging the inmates. Using the concept of legitimate peripheral participation for analysis the potential for rehabilitation and learning in the correctional facilities is considered from both these sides. With this pedagogical view of correctional facilities as a foundation the main goal of the essay is to consider the role of masculinity in the social structures of prison. Raewyn Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity and specifically protest masculinity is used as a theoretical base for the gender aspect of the essay. Three interviews with correctional officers and one with a former inmate are analyzed using the aforementioned theories. The results show that the community of practice for correctional officers, though relatively equal in it’s gender distribution, is one thoroughly characterized by gender disparities where masculinity plays a great part in the power struggles of the work place. In the study of the inmates the results show a community of practices based mainly outside of prison, reaching within it’s walls. A class based protest masculinity is a big part of the social positioning within this structure. The character of masculinity realized in the two pedagogical structures are easily compared and differ mainly in correctional officers adherence to societal norms and boundaries, and the dissregard of these norms by inmates. The results call for an increased awareness of pedagogical structures, within the Swedish department of corrections as well as within the criminal community. A focus on how masculinity plays a part of these structures is suggested as a possible path towards better rehabilitating care.

  • Ageman, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    ”Ett möte mellan administration och mellanmänsklig makt”: En intervjustudie med LSS-handläggare i Stockholm stad2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med yrkesverksamma LSS-handläggare analysera om det förekommer policykrockar/policykonflikter i deras arbete samt att utifrån en tolkning av deras berättelse analysera hur deras handlingsutrymme ser ut och om det kan antas ha förändrats utifrån den ekonomiska åtstramningen som präglar insatserna inom LSS. Studiens två frågeställningar är följande: Förekommer det några yttre policykonflikter, det vill säga, en diskrepans mellan intention och utfall i LSS-handläggarnas arbete samt förekommer det några inre konflikter hos handläggarna? Och: Hur ser LSS-handläggarnas handlingsutrymme ut och har det förändrats på grund av den ekonomiska åtstramningen? Studien har utgått från Michael Lipskys teori om street level bureaucracy som under uppsatsens gång utvecklats genom senare studier. Den insamlade datan har sedan, med hjälp en abduktiv tematisk dataanalys, analyserats utifrån de två valda teoretiska begreppen: policykonflikter samt handlingsutrymme. Resultatet visade att handläggarnas handlingsutrymme ser olika ut utifrån vilken stadsdelsförvaltning de jobbar inom och påverkas av vilken ekonomi som råder. Rättsläget förändras kontinuerligt vilket kan leda till att inre policykonflikter inom handläggarna uppstår, i form av att deras egna åsikter och värderingar skiljer sig från vad de har för resurser att besluta om men även yttre konflikter där de behöver använda fler typer av dokument för att kunna förstå intentionen bakom en riktlinje. Resultatet visar även på att arbetsbördan för LSS-handläggare ökar, i form av arbetsuppgifter där det kan handla om att bemöta personliga ombud till rent administrativa uppgifter som växer i antal.

  • Birging, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Kroppslig beredskap och känslomässigt avstånd: Tre kvinnors erfarenheter av förkroppsligat emotionellt arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att anlägga ett feministiskt fenomenologiskt perspektiv på kvinnliga omsorgsarbetares levda erfarenhet av att arbeta med kroppen på andra kroppar, och därmed undersöka informanternas erfarenhet av gränsdragning och arbetets påverkan på den egna kroppen. Omsorgsarbetet innefattar komplexa kroppsliga och känslomässiga arbetsuppgifter, och arbetets höga risk för skada utgör den främsta anledningen till att arbetare funderar på att lämna yrket (Stranz, 2013, s. 176). Genom semistrukturerade djupintervjuer med tre kvinnor med erfarenhet av omsorgsarbete, samt en analys av dessa utifrån feministisk fenomenologi och den sociologiska termen body work, visar undersökningen att informanterna utför förkroppsligat emotionellt arbete. Arbetet ställer krav på att kunna förkroppsliga flera motsägelsefulla roller, och detta tycks försvåras när informanterna ser sig sedda som någonting annat än som professionell omsorgsarbetare. För informanterna är en central strategi för att etablera distans till arbetet att förkroppsliga professionalitet. Uppsatsens slutsats är att omsorgsarbetet genererar materialiserade effekter på informanternas levda kroppar; inte bara i form av observerbara skador utan också genom att påverka själva relationen mellan kroppen och jaget. Omsorgsarbetet tycks påverka hur vi rör oss, hur vi förstår våra kroppar, hur vi använder dem och hur vi sätter gränser runt och med dem. 

  • Mårtensson, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Identifiering av svenska fragment: har kontexten någon betydelse?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on identification of fragments and word recognition showed that results increased if participants had seen the words that they were supposed to identify previously, or if the fragments were presented in their accurate context. In this study, the influence of context was investigated in identification of Swedish fragments by using priming paradigm. Swedish speakers were divided into two groups, Priming and Kontroll and were tested with online surveys. In Priming the participants read a text and then filled in fragments to create words, whilst the participants in Kontroll only filled in the fragments. The results in this study contrast with previous research on context priming. Participants in the control group performed better and were able to identify more accurate fragments then the participants that read the words in their right context before they were asked to complete the fragments. A possible reason for this could be that the text they read was simply too long which lead to frustration among the participants which had an inhibitory effect. The results also showed that men were able to identify more accurate fragments than women, over all. Factors like concentration or the ability to remember details could be a reason for this. Identification of verbs and nouns showed that it was easier to identify verbs when they were presented in isolation and nouns when they were presented in their right context. This corresponds with previous research that showed that verbs and nouns are presented in different places in the brain and hence, affected differently when processed. Further research, with more participants is encouraged in order to investigate additional aspects that could have influenced the results.

  • Pettersson, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Investigating epifauna community assembly in shallow bays using traits2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ecological studies are often performed to investigate ecosystems from a taxonomic point of view (e.g. species richness or species composition). However, investigating variations in organism traits, rather than variations based on taxonomy, can yield higher mechaninistic understanding of the ecosystem. Invertebrate communities in shallow bays have not been subject for extensive investigations of traits. Thus, this study aimed to assess impacts on trait composition of invertebrates in shallow bays by five factors: (i) topographic openness, (ii) nitrogen load, (iii) filamentous algae, (iv) submerged plants, and (v) predatory fish. In order to investigate these connections, a large-scale field sampling of shallow bay ecosystems in the Swedish part of the Baltic Sea was conducted. Statistical analysis was performed using permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) based on distance matrices, and the results were visualized with nonmetric multidimensional scaling (nMDS). The results show that topographic openness and submerged plants in shallow bays structure invertebrate trait composition. Topographic openness was shown to impact the traits of invertebrate communities slightly more (19 %) than submerged plants (14 %). Several traits are shown to be the drivers behind these results. However, not all effects on traits by the factors seem to be direct effects; some effects are likely seen due to indirect effects. The lack of effect of predatory fish is discussed and may be due to artifacts. Furthermore, different elements of trait-based studies are briefly discussed and recommendations for future trait studies are given. 

  • Kyryliuk, Dmytro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Total suspended matter derived from MERIS data as an indicator of coastal processes in the Baltic Sea2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Fairless-Clarkson, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “An English which is not connected to Great Britain, the USA or any other geographical region.”: How is English presented in the Swedish educational television series Pick a colour?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English is used worldwide as a native, second and foreign language and as a language of international communication. The uses and status of English in Sweden have been discussed in terms of its influence and ubiquity, with its presence in daily life leading some to consider English could be better described as a second, rather than foreign, language in the country. This study analyses how English is presented in the Swedish educational television series Pick a colour and considers how this can be related to the status of English as a global language and specifically the use of English in Sweden. This paper uses an approach drawing on nexus analysis, together with content analysis, to trace the key language ideologies surrounding English presented in Pick a colour and its surrounding texts, and to locate them within the context of the existing discourses in place. Analysis reveals that the series and related documents make attempts to move away from traditional native speaker British English and American English models of the language, and towards a “Global English” not linked to any specific geographical region and with a focus on communicative competence. However, as British English and American English and native-speaker models of the language are not directly challenged in the documents, and are given the greatest prominence in the series, it seems moving away from the status quo is still difficult in practice. The Swedish settings shown in the series, and emphases on the use of English in pupils’ daily lives allude to English being approached in a way more similar to a second, rather than foreign language in Sweden. 

  • Rosén, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Multilingualism and Translanguaging in Swedish Upper Secondary school: An exploration of English teacher candidates’ attitudes2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This ethnographically informed, qualitative study aims to investigate English teacher candidates’ attitudes towards multilingualism and translanguaging in English as a foreign language (EFL) classrooms and in the school environment. More specifically, the study intends to identify potential contributing factors to the formation of said attitudes, such as the influence of policy documents and of the teacher training program on the perception of the future working environment. The data was collected with semi-structured interviews; the participants were four teacher candidates, two females and two males, enrolled in the teacher education program in a Swedish university. In addition, at the time of data collection, all participants had completed most of the teacher education program, an aspect that increased the relevance of their responses, since they would soon be active teachers in the Swedish school system. Overall, the participants expressed positive attitudes towards multilingualism and translanguaging in a school environment. However, some hesitation in their answers was detected when they are asked how they would work with multilingual students in their future practice. These findings suggest that, if teacher candidates receive adequate education to approach their future working environment with confidence they would be better equipped to provide adequate pedagogical support to students whose L1 is other than Swedish. This would foster positive attitudes towards multilingualism and translanguaging and would, consequently, lead to an improvement in the academic results of multilingual students. The teacher candidates’ increased awareness of the benefits and challenges of multilingualism and their ability to put into practice the general principles they learn at university would benefit from changes in the teacher training program, in the curriculum compiled by the National Agency of Education, and in the national pedagogical approach to language learning.

  • Jansson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Wadensjö, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Language brokering in multilingual caregiving settings2017In: Communication & Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Healthcare, Ethics and Society, ISSN 1612-1783, E-ISSN 1613-3625, Vol. 13, no 3, 277-290- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the methodology of conversation analysis to examine audio-recorded multi-party conversations between a Swedish/Farsi-speaking resident and multilingual staff in a Swedish residential home, this article describes a practice for establishing shared understanding by one caregiver enacting the role of language broker. The focus is on caregiving settings where caregivers assist an elderly person with her personal hygiene. We demonstrate how brokering is used to 1) maintain the conversational flow in a small talk sequence and 2) address the contents in the resident’s complaints. The article thus advances our understanding of language brokering as an activity that multilingual staff in a linguistically asymmetrical workplace setting take on to assist a colleague in performing client-oriented activities.

  • Cronholm, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “I don’t approve of you dating in your condition”: Constraint and Confusion in Jason Reitman's Juno and Non Pratt's Trouble2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the popular indie-film Juno came out in 2007, it has received massive attention including both praise and harsh critique. Some have celebrated the protagonist Juno’s strong personality and her initial sexual liberty, but the majority have questioned what they see as the film’s anti-abortion message. In contrast, the more recent work Trouble, a young adult (YA) fiction novel from 2014 by Non Pratt, has received very little attention from scholars despite treating the same sensitive subject of teenage pregnancy. Therefore, this essay involves a comparative analysis of the two texts, which examines how the protagonists experience their pregnancies by looking at aspects such as the pregnant body, sexuality, maturation, identity and existential questions. The essay also takes into consideration some of the critique that previously has been voiced regarding the messages that Juno and other YA fiction send. The aim is to contribute to the same discussion by analyzing the film from a slightly different angle and by introducing an analysis of Trouble. In accordance with previous research, the essay concludes that these two works reveal traditional values and perspectives on teenage pregnancy that limit the protagonists’ sexual agency and leave them feeling isolated and confused.

  • Vann, Sovichea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Learning Approaches and Learning Outcomes of the English University Curriculum: A Comparative Case of Cambodia and Thailand2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The access to higher education has been massively expanding which has impacted on quality of education, assessment system, learning environment, teaching and learning approaches at classroom level. In encountering with the massification, Cambodian and Thai governments are struggling to provide students with excellent academic performance and employable graduates in the competitive labor market of today. English language was one of the key tools for the students to acquire knowledge and skills for the national, regional and international marketplace. This research aims to provide comparative understanding of how undergraduates learn and achieve their academic outcomes through English curriculum in the contexts of Cambodia and Thailand. The objectives of the study are to compare levels, relationships and predictability of learning approaches and learning outcomes achieved by the undergraduate students. The total samples of 186 key informants were the undergraduate students from Cambodia (n=97) and Thailand (n=89) who enrolled in year 3, 4 and fresh graduates of English major in two respective universities. The data collection method was gathered through a self-rating online survey employing RASI and CEQ questionnaires to measure the perceptions. The descriptive data, correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression were used for the comparative data analysis. The study yielded different levels of learning approaches and similar degrees of learning outcomes in the two groups. The students from Cambodia gained higher level of utilizing deep approach to learning (M=3.79) and they were found to achieve higher GPA on average (67%). The finding not only indicated similar significant relationships (p<.05) between the models in each group but also showed different levels of influences on students’ learning achievement. The strongest predictor of learning outcomes (R2=.34) was explained by deep approach to learning for Cambodian group whereas the learning outcomes for Thai group (R2=.47) were predicted by strategic and deep approaches to learning. The study also suggested that teachers and relevant educational actors encourage students to use deep and strategic approaches while demotivating surface approach to learning in order for the students to achieve better learning outcomes both qualitatively and quantitatively so that they acquire competitive qualification for their future career goals.

  • Granath, Ann-Sophie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att bli sjuksköterska med ADHD: Studenters upplevelser av att bli sjuksköterska med ADHD2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett ökande antal studenter på sjuksköterskeprogrammet har diagnos ADHD. För att tillgodose dessa studenters särskilda pedagogiska behov behövs kunskap om deras egen upplevelse av vilka moment i olika studiesituationer som påverkas av diagnosen ADHD. Hur upplever studenterna att studiesituationen påverkas av att ha ADHD-diagnos? Finns det en koppling mellan kärnsymptomen på ADHD enligt DSM-5 och studenternas upplevelser av studiesituationer? Vilka variationer i tillgången på exekutiva funktioner vid ADHD upplevs påverkade i studiesituationer? Studiens syfte är att få vetskap om det finns upplevda svårigheter i studiesituationer orsakade av diagnosen ADHD.

    Det insamlade materialet bestod av tjugoåtta anonyma enkätsvar (28) och fördjupade intervjuer med åtta (8) studenter, samtliga med diagnosen ADHD. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Studien diskuteras mot bakgrund av tidigare forskning och teorier om variationer i exekutiva funktioners påverkan i det dagliga livet hos personer med diagnostiserad ADHD. Resultatet kom att visa på tre områden av exekutiva funktioner där studenterna angav att deras studier påverkats av samtidig ADHD-diagnos. Dessa tre områden var varierande grad av minnesfunktion, energitillgång och koncentrationsförmåga. Deltagarna angav att svårigheterna inte var konstanta utan varierade över tid, var beroende av situationen i stort och i sitt sammanhang.

  • Lantz, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Betong för medelklassen?: En studie om gentrifiering i en förortsmiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete behandlar gentrifieringsprocesser i en förortsmiljö. Uppsatsen bidrar till att följa den mutation som fenomenet genomgår där forskningen tidigare fokuserat på begreppet i en innerstadskontext. Arbetet har förutom detta kartlagt fenomenets potentiella orsaker i relation till tidigare forskning inom området. Exempelvis har efterfrågan på kvalitativa studiers på området om utträngande och exkluderande effekter på grund av gentrifieringsprocessen belysts. Resultatet av uppsatsen visar även på naturen som gentrifierande faktor i relation till närheten till storstaden. Metoden i uppsatsen har varit en kvalitativ sådan där intervjuer har genomförts med boende i Stensö och Älta samt med tre aktörer. Det dominerande bostadsbolaget, kommunen och den lokala mäklarbyrån har intervjuats för att belysa fenomenet utifrån flera aspekter och åskådliggöra helheten. 

  • Andersson, Viktoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Starka nog att kunna skydda sig själva": Svenska kvinnors kritik av nattarbetsförbudet 1907-19132017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka svenska kvinnors kritik av det industriella nattarbetsförbud som infördes 1909. Hur argumenterade kvinnor ur arbetarrörelsens respektive den borgerliga kvinnorörelsen, och hur skilde sig kritiken åt i fråga om argumentation och huvudsakliga motiv? Hur svarade man på diskursen om kvinnors särskilda skyddsbehov? Det teoretiska ramverk som fått informera analysen har varit marxistisk feminism, arbetskritik och Butlers teoretisering av sårbarhet. Med hjälp av ett diskurskritiskt angreppssätt studeras och jämförs artiklar publicerade i tidskrifterna Morgonbris och Dagny. Den metodologiska utgångspunkten är att studera problemframställningar av förbudet i fråga, och studien visar att de båda tidskrifterna skilde sig radikalt åt beträffande argumentation och motiv, även om de huvudsakligen tyckte lika i sak. I analysen presenteras några centrala argumentationslinjer inom respektive riktning. De särskilda aspekter som tas upp är synen på arbete och på den arbetandes skyddsbehov under den tidiga industrialismen, och vad dessa skilda förståelser får för betydelse för emancipatorisk praktik. 

  • Andersson, Zandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Möten som förändrar: En narrativ studie om fem kvinnojoursanställdas upplevelser av att ta del av kvinnors våldserfarenheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on narrative interviews with five women´s shelter workers. The purpose of the study is to examine how the shelter workers are affected by on a daily basis meeting women who have suffered violence in intimate relationships. Initially I was interested to find out how the shelter workers are affected by listening to the women's stories of violence, but the focus changed in meeting with the participants when I realized that it isn't just the stories of violence that affects them. What they mainly talked about was how they were affected by the vulnerable situation the women find themselves in as a result of violence and society's inability to give the women the protection and support they need to build a new life. The result shows that the shelter workers become emotionally affected when they see, feel and hear about the vulnerability of women and that they act out the anxiety and helplessness they feel by exceeding the limits of their mandate and taking on the role as ´saviour´. The results further show that the daily contact with abused women can lead to that they become dulled and develop a negative view of society. 

  • Hultin, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Phonotactic Structures in Swedish: A Data-Driven Approach2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since Bengt Sigurd laid out the first comprehensive description of Swedish phonotactics in 1965, it has been the main point of reference within the field. This thesis attempts a new approach, by presenting a computational and statistical model of Swedish phonotactics, which can be built by any corpus of IPA phonetic script. The model is a weighted trie, represented as a finite state automaton, where states are phonemes linked by transitions in valid phoneme sequences, which adds the benefits of being probabilistic and expressible by regular languages. It was implemented using the Nordisk Språkteknologi (NST) pronunciation lexicon and was used to test against a couple of rulesets defined in Sigurd relating to initial two consonant clusters of phonemes and phoneme classes. The results largely agree with Sigurd's rules and illustrated the benefits of the model, in that it effectively can be used to pattern match against phonotactic information using regular expression-like syntax.

  • Rebecca, Carney
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Instrumentation for silicon tracking at the HL-LHC2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2027 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN will enter a high luminosity phase, deliver- ing 3000 fb 1 over the course of ten years. The High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) will increase the instantaneous luminosity delivered by a factor of 5 compared to the current operation pe- riod. This will impose significant technical challenges on all aspects of the ATLAS detector but particularly the Inner Detector, trigger, and data acquisition systems. In addition, many of the components of the Inner Detector are reaching the end of their designed lifetime and will need to be exchanged. As such, the Inner Detector will be entirely replaced by an all silicon tracker, known as the Inner Tracker (ITk).

    The layout of the Pixel and strip detectors will be optimised for the upgrade and will extend their forward coverage. To reduce the per-pixel hit rate and explore novel techniques for deal- ing with the conditions in HL-LHC, an inter-experiment collaboration called RD53 has been formed. RD53 is tasked with producing a front-end readout chip to be used as part of hybrid Pixel detectors that can deal with the high multiplicity environment in the HL-LHC.

    A silicon sensor, which makes up the other half of the hybrid Pixel detector, must also be designed to cope with the high fluences in HL-LHC. Significant damage will be caused by non- ionising energy loss in the sensor over its lifetime. This damage must be incorporated into the detector simulation both to predict the detector performance at specific conditions and to understand the e↵ects of radiation damage on data taking. The implementation of radiation damage in the ATLAS simulation framework is discussed in this thesis.

    Collisions produced by the HL-LHC also presents a challenge for the current track reconstruc- tion software. High luminosity is obtained, in part, by increasing the number of interactions per bunch crossing, which in turn increases the time taken for track reconstruction. Various ap- proaches to circumvent the strain on projected resources are being explored, including porting existing algorithms to parallel architectures. A popular algorithm used in track reconstruction, the Kalman filter, has been implemented in a neuromorphic architecture: IBM’s TrueNorth. The limits of using such an architecture for tracking, as well as how its performance compares to a non-spiking Kalman filter implementation, are explored in this thesis. 

  • Henry, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Medical Radiation Physics (together with KI).
    The development of a proton grid therapy2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • Gustafsson, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La traducción al español de Harry Potter y la Orden del Fénix de JK Rowling: Estrategias utilizadas2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo del presente estudio es investigar las estrategias aplicadas en la traducción de la novela ”Harry Potter y la Orden del Fénix” del inglés al español. Nuestro corpus consiste en 78 palabras y términos inventados por la autora JK Rowling. El estudio consta de un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo con el objetivo de ver cuáles son las estrategias más aplicadas. Partimos de las estrategias presentadas por Vinay y Darbelnet (2000) y también las sugeridas por Newmark (1988). Asimismo, nos interesaba ver la aplicación de neologismos formales en el texto meta. Se planteaba la hipótesis de que la estrategia de calco hubiera sido aplicada mayormente para mantener las palabras inventadas por JK Rowling. Contrariamente a esta hipótesis hemos encontrado que la estrategia más comúnmente usada es la de traducción literal. Hemos podido concluir que el frecuente uso de la traducción literal ha generado una traducción fiel al texto original y que también logra reproducir el estilo y el contexto cultural de la obra de JK Rowling. Además, planteamos la pregunta si una estrategia determinada es preferida en una categoría determinada. Hemos visto que la estrategia traducción literal domina en tres categorías. En la categoría restante, varias estrategias han sido aplicadas con frecuencia parecida. Proponemos también la hipótesis de que expansión sería más aplicada que reducción en la traducción, aunque hemos detectado poca diferencia entre el uso de las dos estrategias. Acerca de los neologismos formales, hemos identificado diez en total en el texto meta.

  • Mattsson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att konstruera ett offer: en kritisk diskursanalys av Socialstyrelsens utbildningsmaterial ”Sex mot ersättning”2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1999, Sweden was the first country in the world to criminalize the buying, but not the selling, of sexual services. This law is based on the ideological stance that transactional sex is to be understood as men’s violence against women. Since 1999, however, various studies have shown that not only women sell sex, but that a large number of sex workers are men and transgender. The aim of this study is to investigate how Sweden’s national board of health and welfare (Socialstyrelsen) constructs and presents the gender and sexuality of individuals who are engaged in transactional sex. Educational materials on transactional sex, created by Socialstyrelsen and aimed at health care professionals who work with said individuals, have been processed using critical discourse analysis as elaborated by Fairclough. In this educational material, individuals who engage in transactional sex are portrayed primarily as victims; as such, they lack agency to represent themselves and their situation to the various authorities. Furthermore, professionals who work in this field have asked for methods to talk about transactional sex with their clients, but the material does not supply any such methods or vocabulary. Instead, it is mainly focused on the clients’ need for therapy.

  • Orhamn, Yolanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    ¿Usan los profesores de español la lengua meta en sus clases de ELE?: Un estudio cualitativo sobre la actuación de los profesores en las lecciones de español en los institutos suecos2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    La Unión Europea con el Marco Común Europeo de las Lenguas y las directrices sobre el aprendizaje de lenguas modernas, abrieron la puerta a la posibilidad de que todos los miembros de la Unión pudieran hablar dos lenguas, además de la lengua materna. En los documentos curriculares suecos de lenguas modernas, basados en las directrices de la Unión Europea, se contemplan cuáles son los objetivos a conseguir por los estudiantes de una lengua extranjera y, pone de relieve la importancia de que la enseñanza esté basada en la habilidad comunicativa. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar qué uso del español se da en cinco lecciones en un instituto sueco, tanto por parte de los profesores como de los alumnos y ver si se siguen estas directrices europeas. El resultado muestra que el uso de la lengua meta en clase puede variar mucho de un docente a otro. A través de las observaciones y entrevistas realizadas a los informantes, llegamos a la conclusión de que, pese a que los profesores reconocen la importancia del uso de la lengua meta en clase, son muchas las ocasiones en las que no usan el español, incluso en preguntas básicas y cotidianas que los alumnos deberían reconocer. En ocasiones algunos docentes usan el sueco casi en exclusiva como lengua vehicular mientras que otros docentes lo usan sobre todo al inicio de la clase, pero a medida que la lección avanza van introduciendo más y más la L1 llegándose a alternar sueco y español en una misma frase. Los resultados muestran, a la vez, que los profesores de los niveles bajos a intermedios (desde el Steg 1 hasta el Steg 4), usan mucho más el sueco que el español a la hora de explicar gramática o dar otras explicaciones complejas. Otra tendencia clara es que el uso del español varía dependiendo más del profesor que del nivel de español (o Steg) que el docente esté dando. Incluso dentro del mismo curso de español se observan diferencias notables en el uso del español de un profesor a otro. Por último, el resultado muestra que los alumnos de ELE no producen lo suficiente la lengua meta en clase, lo cual es la pieza clave en el aprendizaje y desarrollo de una segunda lengua. 

  • Sandvik, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Feminists and Catholics: Perspectives on the Abortion Debate in Bolivia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is analysing the abortion debate in Bolivia and questions a supposed contradiction of being simultaneouslyfeminist and Catholicregarding opinions on abortion. By analysing texts from three important actors in the abortion debate in Bolivia, the studyshows on what arguments and discourses that are used within the debate, as well asconsideringthe interesting role of Católicas por el Derecho a Decidir (CDD -Catholics for the Right to Decide),that isa feminist organisation fighting for a complete decriminalisation of abortion in Bolivia, but are also Catholics. The two other actors analysed are Colectivo Rebeldía as a representative of the feminist movement, and the Catholic Church asthe greatest abortion opponent. The thesis has a feminist perspective and use a critical discourse analysis in orderto provide different perspectives on the abortion debate in Bolivia. The results indicate that the rights discourse is frequently used by all three actors, although promoting different rights.Whereas the Church promotes the foetus’ right to life, the twofeminist organisations speak of rights in terms of a woman’s right to decide.The Church is using a conservative traditional language and aims to maintain status quo, whereas the feminist organisations use a variety of discourses with the objective of social transformation. Moreover, the fact that the organisation CDD is both feminist and Catholic, might not seem that contradictive when explainedwith the help of feminist theology.

  • Paula, Lobos Quiero
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. nej.
    El despertar de la conciencia femenina y ecológica en La última niebla de Maria Luisa Bombal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Para apreciar en profundidad la obra de la escritora chilena María Luisa Bombal (1910-1980) es necesario comprender las múltiples funciones que desempeña la naturaleza con respecto a las protagonistas en la narrativa bombalina. Esta tesina tiene el propósito de analizar la relación entre mujer y naturaleza en la novela La última niebla ([1934] 2005) de María Luisa Bombal desde un enfoque escasamente adoptado por la crítica, a saber, el ecofeminismo. La crítica anterior destaca los vínculos sexuales y eróticos que la naturaleza cumple con respecto a la protagonista, pero en este trabajo parto de la hipótesis de que la naturaleza cumple otras funciones más relacionadas con el nivel espiritual y de auto-sanación en la novela que no han sido abordadas en trabajos anteriores. Esta tesina responde a dos preguntas de investigación que buscan examinar las funciones que cumplen los pasajes de la naturaleza con respecto a la construcción de la subjetividad de la protagonista y analizar los tipos de vínculos que establece la protagonista con la naturaleza como medio para resistir el sistema cultural impuesto. Para dar respuesta a tales preguntas analizo e interpreto un conjunto de escenas donde aparece la naturaleza en la obra a partir de los presupuestos teóricos de las teorías ecofeministas, principalmente de Warren (2010) y Puleo (2009). En primer lugar, analizo la naturaleza como otredad liberadora, donde la naturaleza cumple una función de mimetización con respecto a la protagonista, abriéndole un espacio donde esta puede cuestionarse los valores impuestos en la casa conyugal y en la sociedad. En segundo lugar, me concentro en el análisis del desarrollo de una conciencia eco-naturalista donde hallo que la naturaleza cumple una función de sanación del cuerpo de la protagonista a partir de la fusión con el cuerpo natural, y esto la conduce a un despertar de su conciencia con respecto a la relación entre su cuerpo, el medio natural y el cosmos. Finalmente, examino la naturaleza como refugio sanador de la identidad herida, donde la protagonista misma hace uso de funciones re-generativas basadas en ciclos de la naturaleza para reconstruir su subjetividad. El despliegue del mundo natural en la novela estudiada desde la perspectiva eco-feminista revela que la importancia de los pasajes naturales en la novela se extiende más allá de la posibilidad de liberación sexual de la protagonista y permite desplegar una multiplicidad de funciones que el mundo natural cumple en este caso para la protagonista de esta novela, y por extensión para el ser humano.

  • Asplund, Leif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Some formal characteristics of parallel speech in Kambera2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In all languages of the eastern Indonesian island of Sumba, parallel speech is used in ritual contexts. In this study, some characteristics of parallel speech in Kambera are investigated. In the analysis of the structural types of couplets, the units of parallel speech, all the couplets found in Kapita (1987), and some additional materials, even from other Sumbanese languages, are used. In the rest of the investigation, only a sample of 100 couplets, here loosely defined as parallel speech units, in Kapita (1987) of the most common type is used, and the investigation is limited to formal (non-semantic) features which connect the two lines. The features investigated are number of syllables, words, and stresses and syntactic structure. In the discussion part, the question if the existence of non-parallel lines incorporating parallel pairs should be recognized and other questions are discussed. The conclusion summarizes the results about the different varieties of couplets and the formal connection between the two lines in them.

  • Tahbaz, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Emblem use in parent-child interaction: A longitudinal study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates emblem use exploratory in parent-child interaction. Emblems are conventional gestures with a verbal equivalent. The aim of this study was to answer if emblem use facilitates language acquisition. Formulaic gestures – fixed gestures accompanying songs – were examined as a subgesture of emblems. 20 children and their parents’ emblem use were recorded when interacting freely at seven age points: 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months. Emblem use was correlated to the children’s productive vocabulary at 30 months. The results showed that parental emblem use at 24 months and child emblem use at 15 months predicted child productive vocabulary at 30 months. T-tests showed how emblem production of children in a lower productive vocabulary group differed from children in a higher productive vocabulary group. A difference between the children of the lower productive vocabulary group and the children of the higher productive vocabulary group emblem use was also found at 15 months, indicating emblem use being important in language acquisition. Formulaic gestures did not correlate to child productive vocabulary. Emblem use developed along with child age and probably inherently with word production. Parents adjust their emblem use to the child’s age and/or possibly language skills, suggesting that child-directed gesturing occurs in parent-child interaction.

  • Axiotou, Anna-Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Enkätundersökning om attityder gentemot källsortering bland invånarna i Kiruna centralort2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recycling is one of the most significant action we can do to reduce the environmental impactof waste. More efficient use of natural resources and the reduced greenhouse gas emissions is two major environmental benefits. The people that live on this planet have a key role in increasing recycling by sorting their household waste. Therefore, residents must take a responsibility for their consumption and the use of the planets resources. People's attitudes tosort waste is therefore essential for understand recycling behaviour and intensions.

    This study aims to examine waste recycling behaviour, with a focus on attitudes and factors that affect the recycling behaviour among residents in Kiruna, the northern most municipalityof Sweden. 97 inhabitants in the central part of Kiruna participated in the survey. It was found that lack of recycling stations and curbside collection were factors that affected people to recycle. The study also showed that the residents had a positive attitude to recycle because ofthe level of knowledge about the benefits of recycling.

  • Naseer, Mehreen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Kamratbedömning i naturvetenskap: En studie i grundskolans tidigare år2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kamratbedömning är en omtalad bedömningsmetod både i tidigare och i nuvarande forskning. Elevers förmåga att ge och ta emot feedback är inte alltid lätthanterlig, speciellt om lärare inte jobbar ofta med denna metod i klassrummet. Flera studier pekar på att kamratbedömning leder till formativ bedömning som utvecklar elevers fortsatta lärande. Dessa studier är gjorda på förskolan och mest i grundskolans högre årskurser, men inte med yngre elever på lågstadiet inom de naturorienterande ämnena. Av den anledningen blir därför syftet med min undersökning att ta reda på hur åtta elever på lågstadiet får och ger feedback till varandra när en uppgift i biologi fokuseras. Med hjälp av löpande observationsanteckningar i klassrummen och inspelat elevsamtal fick jag insyn på elevernas insatser kring kamratbedömningen. För att analysera elevernas samtalsprocesser har praktisk epistemologisk analys använts och för att belysa samt förtydliga resultaten ytterligare har elevarbeten dragits nytta av. Resultaten visar att eleverna ger varandra positiv feedback samt konkreta förslag på hur dem kan gå vidare för att förbättra sina kunskaper. Resultatet visar även att elevers förmåga att ge och ta emot feedback hanterades väldigt lugnt. 

  • Smith, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Nestlé and the Global Water Governance Arena2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The future of global water supply and availability is one of the most important questions facing life on earth today, and experts agree that the most pressing angle to approach the question from is its governance. However, water represents one of the worlds broadest and most complex fields of governance due to its cross thematic and cross-boundary reach, as well as an increase in new actors through privatisation and transnational corporate influence.  In order to actively implement new governance approaches the current system, its actors, connections and influence strategies must be identified. This study combines three theoretical and methodological approaches to study our current global water governance structure: Neo-Gramscian, Network analysis and Policy Entrepreneurship. The Neo-Gramscian influence theory is used to identify 3 types of connections between actors. The resulting data is then used for network analysis to identify the key actors within the field. Once these key actors have been identified, all Nestlé (as a case study for transnational corporations) connections to said actors and the field of water governance have been highlighted under the combined theoretical lenses of Neo-Gramscian influence and Policy Entrepreneurial strategies. These three theories are used in conjunction for several reasons: All three theories represent a different perspective of analysing the decentralised, large scale governance of a complex system. While network analysis allows for the visual representation of the governance “space” and for the identification of key actors and their connections, the Neo-Gramscian and policy entrepreneur approaches give insight into how these connections might be used and created in order to lead to a position of influence within the system. The results show a list of 42 key actors to whom Nestlé has a large number of self-reported connections across all 3 influence types. It further shows that Nestle actively uses at least 3 of the 4 entrepreneurial strategies on some of these connections. This suggests that Nestlé may have some significant influence in global water governance. The study is also a proof of concept for the synthesis of the three complementary theories.

  • Larsson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Så sjung, bara sjung!: initiala och operationella normer i sångboksöversättningar av Astrid Lindgrens visor via multimodal analys av text, bild och musik.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse which initial and operational norms that were used in the German translation of pages from a songbook written by Astrid Lindgren. The models that are used are taken from Franzon (2009), Franzon (2016) and van Meerbergen (2010). The research questions concern musical rhythm, rhetorical methods within the text, the interaction level between images and text and the reader. The purpose is also to see how active or passive the main characters in the books are portrayed. The results show that translations of describing songs with long verses tend to become shorter and very changed compared to translations of songs with short verses and with a less describing nature. The interaction level with the reader is mostly low in both source and target texts and images. The main characters are also more active in the German translations than in the Swedish originals.