12 1 - 50 of 56
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Djerf, Farangis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Lärares metoder och synsätt gällande samtal och interaktion i språkutvecklande undervisning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte med mitt arbete är att dels ta reda på lärares metoder och synsätt gällande samtal och interaktion och dels undersöka hur de ser på att arbeta språkutvecklande i praktiken. Mot bakgrund av forskning inom samtal och interaktion, samt språkutveckling har vi genom denna studie sett hur verksamma språklärare tillämpar teorierna i praktiken. I detta syfte har jag valt att intervjua tre verksamma lärare som i dagsläget arbetar i en gymnasieskola i Skåne.

     

    Enigheten kring interaktionens positiva effekter i undervisningen anses vara stor på det praktiska respektive teoretiska planet. Socialt medierande lärandeform föredras framför en mer eller mindre isolerad sådan, både i teori och i praktik.

     

  • Salinas, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vad händer med språket och skrivandet när eleverna chattar på spansklektionen?: En jämförelse av individuellt skrivande och chattskrivande i socialt medium2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, individually written essays are compared with interactively written chat texts with the aim to investigate, describe and to some extent explain what happens to the language and the writing during a chat session. Students in a Swedish upper secondary school studying Spanish A2 completed two jigsaw tasks through writing and the texts were analyzed from a descriptive grammatical and stylistic perspective through variable analysis. In the results, the essays tended to be more complex syntactically whereas the chat texts showed more variation and accuracy regarding verb conjugation. As to fluency (text length), number of clauses and verbal forms there were no major differences. Chatting in school environment seemed to become semiformal in this study, with many incomplete sentences and interjections, but with few extra-linguistic signs and only some decline in the usage of accents. A challenging feature of the chat practice is that the interactivity makes the final text result an inseparable entity of two individual texts both regarding content and language. At the same time the interactivity could be the reason for the higher variation and accuracy of the verb conjugation in the chat texts of this study.

     

  • Svensson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Romantik under romantiken: Föreställning och framställning av kärlek i skönlitteratur och hos den svenska högadeln 1741-17822017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Romance in the era of romanticism

    A comparative study of representations and conceptions of love in literature and among the Swedish nobility 1741-1782.

    The period of investigation chosen for this master’s thesis is often said to be the birth of the romantic era, a time when love supposedly conquered marriage. My aim has been to study both fiction and autobiographical texts, such as diaries and letters, to broaden our understanding of conceptions of love in the period of Romanticism. With hopes to provide a new perspective on historical conceptions of love: how people understood and described it in their everyday lives. The men and women of the nobility are often portrayed as unable to afford love, as it were; too much of their good name and wealth were dependent on marriage alliances and the politics of landed property and inheritance. But they too read the famous novels of their day and were influenced by the changes in culture and society, but to what extent? On the basis of a modern definition of romantic love, I have chosen a number of themes for comparison; independence, gender, class and faith. This study shows that the concept of love imagined and the love experienced differ depending on these themes. Love was an idea as well as an emotion experienced. However, the idea proved elusive in the everyday lives of the men and women studied. The novels are critical towards the nobility’s way of life: love ought to be natural and differences in income or status ought not to stand in the way of love. Love in its purest form was perceived to be a way to God. Two souls in love were considered destined by nature for each other. To love was to live, and to live was to love.

  • Pappas Adlreburg, Nickolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    To Make Iron of Iron: A Comprehensive Analytical Study of Spade Shaped Iron Bars2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to provide adequate analytical information on the spade shaped iron bars of Norrland and central Sweden. While their significance has been thoroughly debated for decades, analytical research on them has been confined to cases of single artefacts or theoretical interpretations of their value, meaning and origin. In this study a comprehensive approach is taken into consideration. Based on X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and metallographical analysis this thesis seeks to facilitate new interpretations on quality, production centres and usage based on analytical results. Aiming to settle some of the long lasting questions regarding the artefacts while producing results which can further the discussion by raising new questions, previously unasked.

  • Ek, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
    Extracting social networks from fiction: Imaginary and invisible friends: Investigating the social world of imaginary friends.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis develops an approach to extract the social relation between characters in literary text to create a social network. The approach uses co-occurrences of named entities, keywords associated with the named entities, and the dependency relations that exist between the named entities to construct the network. Literary texts contain a large amount of pronouns to represent the named entities, to resolve the antecedents of pronouns, a pronoun resolution system is implemented based on a standard pronoun resolution algorithm. The results indicate that the pronoun resolution system finds the correct named entity in 60,4\% of all cases. The social network is evaluated by comparing character importance rankings based on graph properties with an independently human generated importance rankings. The generated social networks correlate moderately to strongly with the independent character ranking.

  • Celepli, Sevim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Avstängda barn: En tolkande fenomenologisk studie om förskolechefers uppfattningar och erfarenheter om avstängning av barn i förskola2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på förskolechefers uppfattningar och erfarenheter om barn som stängs av i förskola pga. obetald barnomsorgsavgift. Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts med åtta förskolechefer och resultatet har analyserats med IPA, där tre huvudteman har tolkats fram. Dubbla känslor gentemot avstängning beskriver hur informanterna uttrycker sig för och emot bestämmelsen avstängning av barn. Olika roller och åtaganden handlar om hur förskolecheferna uppfattar sin egen roll och vilka olika befogenheter de tillskriver sig. Stigmatisering som följd handlar om att informanterna upplever att avstängning kan ge stigmatiserande effekter för de barn och familjer som drabbas, då de redan lever i socioekonomiska svårigheter. Studiens slutsatser är att informanternas uppfattningar om sin roll som chef och sina befogenheter påverkar hur de agerar vid en avstängning. En annan slutsats är att barnperspektivet i myndighetsutövandet är bristande. Avslutningsvis ges rekommendationer och förslag på metoder, som barnkonsekvensanalys samt individuell prövning om barnets eget behov till förskolan. Detta för att närma ett barnperspektiv i beslut och värna om barnets bästa.

  • Prasad, Nathalie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Läroboksislam i förhållande till läroplanen: En komparativ studie om framställandet av islam i läroböcker skrivna efter 20112017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I likhet med det svenska samhället har skolan förändrats genom tiderna, likaså de styrdokument som används som riktlinjer för lärare. Avsikten med denna undersökning är att analysera den aktuella läroplanen, tre läroböcker i religionskunskap för gymnasiet samt läroplanens och läroböckernas relation och koppling till varandra. 

    Studien belyser således hur tre utvalda läroböcker skildrar islam samt hur väl läroböckerna förhåller sig till att uppfylla läroplanens (Lgy11) direktiv. 

  • Sturdy, Elliot
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The Administration of the Flesh: The discourse of self-improvement and neuroplasticity2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at the discourse of four books that use neuroplasticity as a basis for their project of self-improvement. By using the genealogical techniques developed by Michel Foucault this study focuses upon the process of subjectivization and the techniques employed by the discourse. In particular it focuses upon the relationship between the mind and brain that is formed by the discourse.

  • Nordlander, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Förklaringsbördan i brottmål och dess förenlighet med oskyldighetspresumtionen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ösgård, Anton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Vad är en Sjöstadsbo?: Platsidentitetens framväxt i ett nybyggt bostadsområde2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines some processes behind the creation of place identity and place attachment using a broad theoretical framework. The framework is structured around the creation of space and place, followed by theories and models on how places are given identity and finally some possible effects of place identity. These theories are then used to examine place identity formation among residents and real estate agents in Hammarby Sjöstad, a newly developed urban residential area in Stockholm, Sweden.

    A total of 5 in depth interviews were carried out with local residents in different parts of the residential area, as well as 3 in depth interviews with real estate agents active in different parts of the area. The interviews were transcribed and analysed in relation to the theoretical framework as well as documents relating to the planning of the area.

    The study shows that there has formed a local identity in Hammarby Sjöstad, not defined by the administrative borders of the area. The perceived extent of the area most probably stem from that the lake Hammarby Sjö acts as a physical barrier between the area and the rest of the inner city. This might be the reason to the evolution of a defined perceived community there. The effects of this could be a contributing factor in the segregation that is evident in urban areas, which calls for attention to the possible effects of place identity in urban planning. 

  • Höglund, Anny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Towards a Tephrochronology for the Lakselv Peat Sequence in Finnmark County, Northern Norway2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To provide an increased breadth in the knowledge of tephra dispersal, this pilot study examines a peat core from Lakselv in Finnmark County in northern Norway. Peat samples are exposed to burning, HCl, density separation and polarized light microscopy. One sample from a depth of 37.5-40 cm was analysed using an electron microprobe analyser (EMPA). At least two tephra horizons were identified, one at a depth of 12.5-17.5 cm and one at 37.5-40 cm. The lower horizon shows a chemical composition similar to eruptives from Jan Mayen and São Miguel, Azores while the origin of the upper horizon is unknown as no geochemical analysis was performed for that depth.

  • Webber, Luke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Differential Interferometry and Multiple-Aperture Interferometry for Retrieving Three-Dimensional Measurements of Glacial Surface Velocity2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement and monitoring of glacial surface velocity is important for many aspects of glaciology, such as determining the mass balance, for characterising the stability or instability of glaciers, or the identification of potential hazards from surging glaciers or Jökulhlaups, a type of glacial outburst flood. Predominately measurements of glacial surface velocity have been produced using either differential interferometry (DInSAR) applied to radar data, or offset-tracking applied to either optical or radar data. Both of these methods have their own set of limitations, notably the one-dimensional nature of DInSAR measurements, and the relatively low accuracy of offset-tracking. Instead using DInSAR and multiple-aperture interferometry (MAI) applied to ERS-1/2 Tandem SAR data, measurements of glacial surface displacements were obtained in the line-of-sight (LOS) and along-track directions respectively. Then using a weighted-least squares adjustment, the method for producing the full three-dimensional surface velocity field is presented and applied to the Svartisen glacial system, Norway and the Petermann Glacier, Greenland. The advantages and disadvantages of applying such a method were explored, of which interferometric coherence is found to be the largest factor in retrieving accurate measurements using MAI. Low interferometric coherence due to temporal decorrelation resulted in the inability to extract the full three-dimensional surface velocity field over the Bagley Icefield, Alaska, and the Mýrdalsjökull & Eýjafjallajökull ice caps, Iceland. A feasibility analysis into the use of Sentinel-1 data, revealed that the current revisit period is too large to maintain interferometric coherence between acquisitions, preventing the application of either DInSAR or offset-tracking in order to measure the surface velocity of the Blåmannsisen Glacier, Norway. Despite the limitations encountered, in part due to the selection of source data, MAI in tandem with DInSAR has been shown to be capable of measuring the three-dimensional surface velocity to a higher accuracy than offset-tracking when coherence is high. The methods used within have been developed to work with pre-processed single look complex (SLC) SAR data rather than raw unfocused SAR data, in an effort to improve their adoption and enable more accurate estimates of glacial surface velocity. 

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 13:00 G-salen, Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Stockholm
    Reath Warren, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Developing multilingual literacies in Sweden and Australia: Opportunities and challenges in mother tongue instruction and multilingual study guidance in Sweden and community language education in Australia2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to learn about opportunities for and challenges to the development of multilingual literacies in three forms of education in Sweden and Australia that teach or draw on immigrant languages.  In Sweden mother tongue instruction and multilingual study guidance are in focus and in Australia, a community language school. Taking an ecological approach to the research sites, the thesis investigates how language ideologies, organization of the form of education and language practices impact on the development of multilingual literacies. A range of linguistic ethnographic data including 75 lesson observations, 48 interviews, field notes and photographs has been analyzed against the theoretical backdrop of the continua of biliteracy (Hornberger, 1989; Hornberger & Skilton-Sylvester, 2000), heteroglossia (Bakhtin, 1981) and emerging theories of translanguaging (García & Li, 2014) to investigate the questions. The thesis ties together the results of four interlocking case studies investigating the above-mentioned forms of education.

    Study I analyses the syllabus for mother tongue instruction in Sweden and finds that while aligning with the overall values of the curriculum for the compulsory school, a hidden curriculum constrains implementation. In Study II, multilingual practices during multilingual study guidance in Sweden are analysed, and demonstrate how translanguaging helps recently arrived students reach the learning goals of subjects in the Swedish curriculum. In study III, systematic analysis of indexicals reveals contrasting language narratives about language and language development in and around a Vietnamese community language school in Australia. Study IV focuses on mother tongue instruction in Sweden and through analysis of audio-recordings of lessons, interviews and field notes, finds three dimensions of linguistic diversity infuse the subject. 

    Opportunities for the development of multilingual literacies are created when there is equal access to spaces for developing literacies in different immigrant languages, within which language ideologies that recognize and build on the heteroglossic diversity of students’ linguistic repertoires dynamically inform the organization of education and classroom practices. Challenges are created when monoglossic ideologies restrict access to or ignore linguistic diversity and when there is a lack of dynamic engagement with implementation and organization. Basing organization, and classroom strategies around the linguistic reality of the students and the genres they need, benefits the development of multilingual literacies in both settings and can help students become resourceful language users (Pennycook, 2012b, 2014).

  • Public defence: 2017-09-05 14:00 De Geersalen, Stockholm
    Österling, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Housing Markets and Mortgage Finance2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Ph.D. thesis deals with questions related to the housing market, and answers the questions: "Does it matter if housing markets are underpriced?" and "How do the legal system and the loan contract affect those who default on their mortgage payments?

    "When selling a home, a popular marketing strategy is to set the list price far below market value. The idea is that a low list price will attract loads of buyers, who will push up the sale price. This thesis finds that a voluntary reform can reduce underpricing in the short run. Further, underpriced housing markets do indeed require more attention from potential buyers during all stages — online, at open houses, and during the bidding. This extra search effort is costly to society. However, underpricing is found not to affect the sale price, the time to sell, who the buyers are, or how hard the real estate agent works.

    The household's choice to default on a mortgage depends on the cost of the default (the legal system) and the mortgage contract. By studying a heterogeneous agent consumption/savings lifecycle model, this thesis finds that households prefer "lender friendly" laws that are costly for the homeowners upon default. This is because costly defaults yield fewer defaulters and thus lower interest rates, and thus are cheaper for non-defaulters. Households always prefer non-amortizing mortgages except when defaults do not have any cost associated with them, and they prefer adjustable rates over fixed rates. The benefits of costly defaults are particularly large for non-amortizing mortgages.

    The thesis concludes with the development of a new mathematical method to solve a particular class of dynamic programming problems, using stochastic simulated grids and nearest-neighbour interpolation.​

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 13:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Stockholm
    Roufidou, Chrysoula
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Reproductive physiology of the female three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reproduction in vertebrates, including fishes, is under control of the brain-pituitary-gonad (BPG) axis. The female three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, produces egg clutches at intervals of a few days and spawns them in a nest built by male. Following ovulation, eggs are stored in the ovarian cavity surrounded by the ovarian fluid (OF). If spawning or spontaneous release do not occur, the eggs can undergo overripening, a phenomenon occurring both in nature and captivity.

    In this PhD thesis, the changes of reproductive hormones and vitellogenesis were studied at overripening of eggs and over the natural spawning cycle. OF properties were also examined at overripening of eggs and after treatment with sex steroids.

    Plasma levels of steroids: testosterone (T), estradiol (E2), 17,20β-dihydroxypregn-4-en-3-one (17,20β-P) and 17,20β,21-trihydroxypregn-4-en-3-one (17,20β,21-P) were measured by radioimmunoassay, and relative mRNA levels of the pituitary gonadotropins (fsh-β/lh-β), brain gonadotropin-releasing hormones (gnrh2/gnrh3) and kisspeptin and its receptor (kiss2/gpr54) by qPCR. Overripening of eggs was accompanied with a significant reduction in most of endocrine parameters of BPG axis (T, E2, 17,20β-P; lh-β; kiss2, gpr54). Low level of hormones could be advantageous for the overripe egg-bound females, since this would reduce further ovulations giving higher chances to survive and reproduce again. Over the 3-day spawning cycle, T and E2 were highly correlated, showed cyclicity with low levels at ovulation and increasing from 24 and 6 hours post-spawning (hps), respectively. Spawning may give rise to this increase as these rises did not occur if release of the eggs does not happen (overripe females). A peak at pituitary lh-β mRNA levels appeared 48 hps, a day before the next ovulation. No significant changes were found for the other studied hormones.

    Vitellogenesis was studied by measurement of the vitellogenin mRNA levels in the liver by qPCR. The levels were highest at 24 and 48 hps and were positively correlated to both E2 and T over the cycle. However, changes were small suggesting a rather continuous vitellogenesis over the stickleback spawning cycle which could be an advantage for a multiple spawner with a limited spawning season. Overripening reduced vitellogenin mRNA levels but did not abolish it.

    OF amount was diminished in overripe females and had a lower viscocity but higher dry weight and protein levels than in non-overripe ovulated females, suggesting that changes in OF properties are related to the egg overripening. The effects of steroids were studied using Silastic capsules. T and 17,20β-P induced an increase of OF amount, but protein levels were only increased in 17,20β-P-treated females, proposing a role of this steroid in the control of OF secretion. 1-D SDS-PAGE showed that OF contained several proteins, some of them came from eggs, but no consistent differences between groups.

    Concluding, the knowledge of the reproductive physiological changes is important for understanding their essential roles in the production of viable eggs in this species but also in the reproductive physiology of female fishes in general.

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 15:00 hörsal 8, hus D, Stockholm
    Bukelskytė-Čepelė, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Nominal Compounds in Old Latvian Texts in the 16th and 17th Centuries2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the system of compounding attested in the earliest written Latvian texts of the 16th and 17th centuries. The philological analysis presented in this work is the first systematic attempt to extensively treat compounds in Old Latvian. The purpose of this thesis is to thoroughly describe the system of compounding of the earliest period of written Latvian. One of the main aims of the analysis provided in this work is to determine whether the Old Latvian compounds were distinguished in terms of their meaning and form. This is why another important aim of this study is to discern the most characteristic formal properties of each category of compounds in Old Latvian. This study also addresses the morphological variation of the components of compounds and seeks to explain why one finds different tendencies of compounding in the texts of this period.   

    Firstly, it is shown in this thesis that compounds in Old Latvian were clearly distinguished in terms of their meaning. The main semantic types of Old Latvian compounds, which were analyzed in this study, are the determinative compounds, the possessive compounds, the verbal governing compounds, and the copulative compounds. Secondly, it is argued that the aforementioned types of compounds were clearly differentiated in terms of the formal properties of their components. A large number of possessive compounds and verbal governing compounds had the compositional suffix -is (m.)/-e (f.). By contrast, only a handful of determinative compounds had this suffix. In view of the distribution of the suffix found in the Old Latvian compounds, it is suggested that the suffix was originally restricted to adjectival compounds. Furthermore, the different types of compounds in Old Latvian were also distinguished in terms of the first component. In the majority of cases, both the possessive compounds and the verbal governing compounds were coined without linking elements, while the determinative compounds had linking elements to a larger extent. Thirdly, it is proposed in this thesis that a part of linking elements used in the determinative compounds in Old Latvian originated from the original stem vowels of the first components. Thus, it is argued that stem compounds were still attested in the Old Latvian texts, although this Baltic model of coining compounds is no longer visible in Modern Latvian. Lastly, it is suggested that the tendencies of compounding found in the texts under discussion represent dialectal differences.

    Another contribution of this study is that the Old Latvian compounds are not treated in isolation, but analyzed in drawing parallels with compounds in the other Baltic languages, Lithuanian in particular. Hence, by analyzing common features and similarities between the compounding systems, the Old Latvian compounds are positioned within the context of the Baltic system of compounding.  

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Hentati, Jannete
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    En lektion i gemenskap: Ordning och (o)reda bland lärare i Malmö och Marseille2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This ethnographic study is based on comparative fieldwork among teachers at secondary schools in two southern situated cities in Europe: Malmö in Sweden and Marseille in France. The focus of the study is on how teachers make sense of and grapple with their mission to build and foster “good” citizens, which is intended to promote national community and unity. Exploring how the teachers strive and struggle to fulfil this mission provides a better insight into the ideas and practices that permeate their work. At the same time, the everyday tensions that occasionally complicate this task are highlighted. A crucial observation in this study is that teachers in both Sweden and France often find themselves confined to a kind of cross-pressure. Enclosed within it, teachers are torn between, on the one hand, endeavouring to reach certain visions and goals regarding how to instil a sense of national community in their pupils and, on the other, being confronted with an irregular and often far from pliable reality. This study shows how teachers are dealing with this cross-pressure, how – in case of hurdles and friction in their work – they try to maintain order in what they perceive and experience as being a state of great disorder in relation to their educational mission. The thesis contributes to increased knowledge of teachers’ lived professional experiences and situated practices in their day-to-day work. It also brings to light a problematising discussion about the role and importance that teachers expect themselves to play in relation to an overall idea of national community and unity in Sweden and France respectively.

  • Adscheid, Toni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    When Ecotopia grows: Politicizing the stories of Swedish sustainable urban development2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is known world-wide for its achievements in the field of sustainable urban development. Due to this global recognition Swedish stories and policies of sustainable urban development are being spread across various spatial and institutional contexts. Focusing on SymbioCity and its approach as examples for such stories, this thesis seeks to elaborate on the de-politicization of urban environments through sustainable urban development policies. In doing so, this thesis synthesises urban political ecology and policy mobility literature to form a theoretical framework to investigate the mobilization and legitimization of such environments. Drawing on findings provided by methods of text analysis and interviews, it is illustrated that Swedish stories of sustainable urban development construct a de-politicized spatiality supported by capital, desires of influence and “the planner”. The thesis concludes by arguing that planning research needs to critically address the process of de-politicization and support the articulation of a political Ecotopia. 

  • Wibe, Felicia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Only Child Experience: A study on how having no siblings influence childbearing behavior.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a society with a strong two-child family norm, but where children tend to reproduce the fertility behavior of their parents, it is relevant to study the childbearing patterns of only children. Do they follow the stream or do they follow their parents? There is very little previous research on this topic, but there is some evidence that show that only children are not more likely to prefer a one-child family themselves. Using GGS data from Sweden and Norway, this study aims to understand if being an only child is a determinant for having an ideal family size of one child, or having a completed family size of one child. The study is limited to those who want at least one child and to those who have at least one child (i.e. the study excludes childless). The analysis is conducted with binomial logistic and linear (OLS) regression methods.

    The study finds that only children more often do prefer a family size of one child and more often end up with a final family size of one child, compared to sib children. However, the association between being an only child and having a one child preference is also influenced by socio-economic status in the family of origin. If the parents’ education is high (post- secondary/tertiary), the likelihood of someone having a one-child preference decreases. The relationship between being an only child and having a final family size of one child is partly mediated by the experience of parental separation and/or own separation, where both factors increase the odds of stopping at one child. The conclusion and main contribution of this study is that there seems to be a family of origin socialization mechanism influencing the fertility of only children, making them more likely to both prefer and have a one-child family, compared to sib children. Thus, only children are more likely to deviate from the two-child norm, compared a person with siblings. 

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 10:00 Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Lindqvist, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Marcadores metadiscursivos, fluidez y participación conversacional en español L2: La evolución de la competencia comunicativa durante la estancia en una comunidad de la lengua meta2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the acquisition and use of metadiscourse markers in learners/users of L2 Spanish and the role these markers play in the development of fluency and conversational participation during a five-month stay in Spain as exchange students of business administration.

    The study has been conducted in three steps. The first part focuses on the theory and categorization of metadiscourse markers, followed by an analysis of the use and development of these markers in learners of L2 Spanish. The second part deals with the categorization and operationalization of aspects of fluency and conversational participation that can be associated with the use of metadiscourse markers; followed by an analysis of these aspects in the performance of the learners. The third part of the study is a summary of the results obtained and a discussion of the relationship between the use of metadiscourse markers and the development of fluency and conversational participation.

    The data underlying the current study consists of a selection of 17 recorded conversations between learners of L2 Spanish and native speakers of Spanish taken from the AKSAM database. The conversations belong in two activity types: discussions and simulated negotiations. The selected sample has a duration of approx. 10 hours and comprises 87 683 words. The study focuses on nine learners who have been recorded at the beginning and at the end of their five month study-abroad stay.

    Results show that frequency of use of metadiscourse markers has increased considerably at the end of the stay in the majority of the learners under study. A qualitative development can also be found, through which the metadiscourse markers that characterize the learners’ L1 and/or interlanguage have been substituted by more target-like expressions. Furthermore, both their fluency and level of conversational participation have generally increased. Within this development, however, a notable individual variation can be found. The learners who show the strongest development as regards fluency and conversational participation are also found to exhibit the most salient development of metadiscourse markers. Since disfluency is reduced to a lesser degree in those participants who also exhibit a less developed use of metadiscourse markers, it is argued that the development of metadiscourse markers in the L2 learner runs parallel to the development of discourse skills, but also that acquiring an adequate use of metadiscourse markers helps developing these skills. 

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 13:00 sal FB42, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Fremling, Christoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    Stripped-envelope supernovae discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on research made by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory [(i)PTF]. The focus is on stripped-envelope (SE) supernovae (SNe) discovered by (i)PTF, and it is closely tied to the research on the SE SN iPTF13bvn, that occurred in the nearby galaxy NGC 5806. This SN was initially thought to have been the explosion of a very massive Wolf-Rayet star, but we have shown that this is very likely not the case. We suggest instead that iPTF13bvn originated from a binary system where the envelope was stripped off from the SN progenitor by tidal forces from a companion (Paper I). PTF12os exploded in the same galaxy as iPTF13bvn, and our analysis shows that PTF12os and  iPTF13bvn were very similar, and that both were also remarkably similar to the Type IIb SN 2011dh, in terms of their light-curves and spectra. In Paper II, hydrodynamical models were used to constrain the explosion parameters of iPTF13bvn, PTF12os and SN 2011dh; finding 56Ni masses in the range 0.063-0.075 solar masses (Ms), ejecta masses in the range 1.85-1.91 Ms, and kinetic energies in the range 0.54-0.94 x 1051 erg. Furthermore, using nebular models and late-time spectroscopy we were able to constrain the Zero-Age Main Sequence (ZAMS) mass to ~ 12 Ms, for iPTF13bvn and ≤ 15 Ms for PTF12os. In current stellar evolution models, stars with these masses on the ZAMS cannot lose their envelopes and become SE SNe without binary interactions. In Paper III we investigate a peculiar SE SN, iPTF15dtg; this SN lacks both hydrogen and helium and shows a double-peaked LC with a broad main LC peak. Using hydrodynamical modeling we show that iPTF15dtg had a very large ejecta mass (~ 10 Ms), resulting from an explosion of a very massive star (~ 35 Ms). The initial peak in the LC can be explained by the presence of extended material around the star, likely due to an episode of strong mass-loss experienced by the progenitor prior to the explosion. In Paper IV we perform a statistical study of the spectra of all 176 SE SNe (Type IIb, Ib and Ic) discovered by (i)PTF. The spectra of Type Ic SNe show O absorption features that are both stronger and broader (indicating faster expansion velocities) compared to Type IIb and Type Ib SNe. These findings along with very weak He absorption support the traditional picture with Type Ic SNe being heavily stripped of their He envelopes prior to the explosions, and argue against alternative explanations, such as differences in explosive mixing of 56Ni among the SE SN subtypes.

  • Public defence: 2017-09-08 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Zhong, Yuan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sub-grain structure in additive manufactured stainless steel 316L2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis focuses on exploring the sub-grain structure in stainless steel 316L prepared by additive manufacturing (AM). Two powder-bed based AM methods are involved: selective laser melting (SLM) and electron beam melting (EBM). It is already known that AM 316L has heterogeneous property and hierarchy structure: micro-sized melt pools, micro-sized grains, nano-sized sub-grain structure and nano-sized inclusions. Yet, the relation among these structures and their influence on mechanical properties have not been clearly revealed so far. Melt pool boundaries having lower amount of sub-grain segregated network structures (Cellular structure) are weaker compared to the base material. Compared with cell boundaries, grain boundaries have less influence on strength but are still important for ductility. Cell boundaries strengthen the material without losing ductility as revealed by mechanical tests. Cellular structure can be continuous across the melt pool boundaries, low angle sub-grain boundaries, but not grain boundaries. Based on the above understanding, AM process parameters were adjusted to achieve customized mechanical properties. Comprehensive characterization were carried out to investigate the density, composition, microstructure, phase, magnetic permeability, tensile property, Charpy impact property, and fatigue property of both SLM and EBM SS316L at room temperature and at elevated temperatures (250°C and 400°C). In general, SLM SS316L has better strength while EBM SS316L has better ductility due to the different process conditions. Improved cell connection between melt pools were achieved by rotating 45° scanning direction between each layer compared to rotating 90°. Superior mechanical properties (yield strength 552 MPa and elongation 83%) were achieved in SLM SS316L fabricated with 20 µm layer thickness and tested in the building direction. Y2O3 added oxide dispersed strengthening steel (ODSS) were also prepared by SLM to further improve its performance at elevated temperatures. Slightly improved strength and ductility (yield strength 574 MPa and elongation 90%) were obtained on 0.3%Y2O3-ODSS with evenly dispersed nanoparticles (20 nm). The strength drops slightly  but ductility drops dramatically at elevated temperatures. Fractographic analysis results revealed that the coalescence of nano-voids is hindered at room temperature but not at elevated temperatures. The achieved promising properties in large AM specimens assure its potential application in nuclear fusion. For the first time, ITER first wall panel parts with complex inner pipe structure were successfully fabricated by both SLM and EBM which gives great confidence to application of AM in nuclear industry. 

  • Vukelic, Natasa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, German.
    Die Kunst der Kürze: Zu den Auswirkungen der Sprachknappheit auf die narrativen Elemente “Zeit” und “Raum” in Stephan Groetzners So ist das2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stephan Groetzner is a contemporary German writer whose book So ist das is said to be mysterious— the novel surprises with its conciseness as well as the mix of an unusual, almost poetic form and a simple syntax. It thus opens the doors to various interpretations. The thesis deals with the question if the brief and concise language in So ist das influences the development of the narrative elements time and space. Furthermore, it canvasses the consequences its influence might have when it comes to genre attribution. The essential theories for the discussion are Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan's Narrative Fiction, Scott McCloud's Understanding Comics as well as Nicole Mahne's Transmediale Erzähltheorie, with a narratological perspective on time and space. Moreover, literary-historical works like Andrew Thacker's The Imagist Poets, Yoshinobu Hakutani's Haiku and Modernist Poetics, Bertram Müller's Absurde Literatur in Rußland as well as Albert Camus' The Myth of Sisyphus play a decisive role in the analysis. The goal of this thesis is to bring the unique style of a rather unknown contemporary writer from Germany into the context of other art forms like comics, haiku, imagism and absurdism, and to discuss what kind of outcomes the conciseness might have, regarding its influence on the narrative elements time and space as well as on the genre attribution.

  • Lönn, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    EU:s roll som normativ makt: En studie över EU:s policyskapande som extern normgivare "Normative Power Europe" i relationen med Kina2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker EU:s agerande i yttre åtgärder i relation till tredje länder. Med avgränsning hur EU agerar som extern normgivare utifrån teorin ”Normative Power Europe” (NPE). Genom att undersöka EU:s policy över tid med ett land med motsatt värdegrund, Kina. Studien utgår från Ian Manners teoribildning om normativ makt och hans definition av NPE, EU:s ”normativa bas” och ”spridningsverktyg”. Studien undersöker hur EU:s normativa bas förekommer, motiveras och syftas att implementeras. Hur EU:s internationella identitet formuleras, och om det skett en förändring över tid, 1985 till 2013. Fem av EU:s policydokument i relationen analyseras genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och konstaterar att EU:s normativa bas återfinns över tid, men att fokus och betoning sker på olika värdeord samtidigt som motiveringen och implementeringsstrategierna är desamma. EU:s internationella identitet formuleras som en enhet i de tidigare dokumenten, men efter 2002 sker en förändring och man betonar ständigt EU vara ett samarbete bestående av suveräna stater. Medlemsstaterna nämns när EU:s strategier motiveras och förklaras, en förändring från tidigare dokument. 

  • Francis, Dorian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den antirasistiska nationen under omförhandling: En kort historia av uppfattningar av rasismen i Sverige som strukturell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under lång tid har det funnits ett förhärskande sätt att förstå rasismen i Sverige som orsakad avvissa avvikande individer och grupper i en annars ”postrasistisk” nation. Tidigare forskningframhåller att denna uppfattning är starkt kopplad till den rådande nationella självbilden avSverige som en särskilt progressiv och modern nation. På senare år har det vuxit fram enkonkurrerande uppfattning om rasismen som en strukturell maktordning som genomsyrar detsvenska samhället. I syfte att bidra till en fördjupad förståelse för vilka faktorer som gör att deallmänna uppfattningarna om rasismen i Sverige består eller skiftar över tid undersöker dennauppsats det konkurrerande, strukturella synsättet. En diskursteoretisk ansats tillämpas för attklarlägga dess centrala idéer och översiktligt spåra dem över tid i den offentliga debatten medfokus på idéernas ursprung, utveckling samt inflytande på debattagendan. Resultaten indikeraratt den konkurrerande uppfattningen började manifesteras i den svenska samhällsdebattenomkring år 1990 men förblev marginell fram till cirka år 2010–2012 och framåt då dessförekomst i debatten tycks ha ökat explosionsartat. Flera indikationer tyder också på att denkonkurrerande uppfattningens inflytande på debatten har ökat, trots att den har mötts av starktmotstånd. Därtill påbörjas en kort analys av hur människors identiteter, känslor och fantasierkan bidra till förändringar av rådande uppfattningar om rasismen i Sverige.

  • Ryd, Elisabet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Moody Men and Malicious Maidens: Gender in the Swedish medieval ballad2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att granska hur genus och genusrelationer uttrycks i svenska, medeltida ballader. Genom att förstå balladkaraktärernas handlingar som performativa, ämnar uppsatsen undersöka hur maskulinitet och femininitet etableras och omförhandlas i balladernas narrativ genom att kartlägga handlingsmönster. Av betydelse är att belysa hur karaktärernas handlingsmöjligheter påverkas av faktorer såsom kön, social status och familjerelationer, men även jämföra hur genusmönster i balladen reflekterar eller utmanar normer och ideal i det senmedeltida samhället. Uppsatsen åskådliggör hur män och kvinnor har möjlighet att utöva och förhandla om makt på olika sätt. Genom detta rör man sig bort från uppfattningen om passivitet och maktlöshet som analogt med femininitet, och aktivitet och makt som synonymt med maskulinitet. Resultaten uppvisar därmed en problematisering och nyansering av genusuttryck i medeltida ballader som saknas i tidigare forskning, och framhäver fördelarna att bedriva ett mer inkluderande synsätt gentemot den här typen av källmaterial inom historievetenskapen. 

  • Synnemar, Per Olov
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Estórias primeiras e abensonhadas, semelhanças e diferenças: Um estudo comparativo de dois contos de João Guimarães Rosa e Mia Couto2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In his speechwith the title “O sertão brasileiro na savana moçambicana”, following his nomination as correspondent to the Academia Brasileira de Letras in 1998, Mia Couto pointed out how he found in Guimarães Rosa’s works the possibility to use a poetic language to recreate in literature a socially and culturally diverse universe –in his case the Mozambiquean countryside. There are several common elements from João Guimarães Rosa that we see reoccurring in the works of Mia Couto. The settings are often the rural countryside (the Sertão and the Mozambiquean savanna) andjust as Guimarães Rosa, Mia Couto uses a poetic language loaded with neologisms. The stories also often relate to various popular myths. In this essay, we will make some comparisons based on some common elements between the short stories “A terceira margem do rio” in Primeiras estórias3of Guimarães Rosa and “Nas águas do tempo” in Estórias abensonhadasofMia Couto. We will take some examples from these texts and study the degree of similarity, but also differences.

  • Liljegren, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Khan, Afsar Ali
    Khowar: Illustrations of the IPA2017In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association, ISSN 0025-1003, E-ISSN 1475-3502, Vol. 47, no 2, 219-229 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Khowar (ISO 639-3: khw) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 200,000–300,000 (Decker 1992: 31–32; Bashir 2003: 843) people in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (formerly North-West Frontier Province). The majority of the speakers are found in Chitral (a district and erstwhile princely state bordering Afghanistan, see Figure 1), where the language is used as a lingua franca, but there are also important pockets of speaker groups in adjacent areas of Gilgit-Baltistan and Swat District as well as a considerable number of recent migrants to larger cities such as Peshawar and Rawalpindi (Decker 1992: 25–26). Its closest linguistic relative is Kalasha, a much smaller language spoken in a few villages in southern Chitral (Morgenstierne 1961: 138; Strand 1973: 302, 2001: 252). While Khowar has preserved a number of features (phonological, morphological as well as lexical) now lost in other Indo-Aryan languages of the surrounding Hindukush-Karakoram mountain region, it has, over time, incorporated a massive amount of lexical material from neighbouring or influential Iranian languages (Morgenstierne 1936) – and with it, new phonological distinctions. Certain features might also be attributable to formerly dominant languages (e.g. Turkic), or to linguistic substrates, either in the form of, or related to, the language isolate Burushaski, or other, now extinct, languages previously spoken in the area (Morgenstierne 1932: 48, 1947: 6; Bashir 2007: 208–214). There is relatively little dialectal variation among the speakers in Chitral itself, probably attributable to the relative recency of the present expansion of the language (Morgenstierne 1932: 50).

  • Kvamme, Ylva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Validering av Social Competence Scale för observatörer i ett stickprov från den svenska förskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Likvärdigheten i den svenska skolan har på senare år försämrats. Social och emotionell kompetens har visat sig ha stor betydelse för skolframgång, psykisk hälsa och förekomst av problembeteenden och interventioner som stärker dessa kan vara ett sätt att åtgärda skolans problem. För utvärdering av sådana interventioner behövs validerade mätinstrument. Denna studies syfte var att undersöka validiteten hos Social Competence Scale för observatörer (SCO). Skalan används vid en standardiserad leksituation för att skatta barns sociala och emotionella kompetens. En explorativ faktoranalys genomfördes på SCO, samt korrelationer med två kriteriemått, utifrån hypotesen att finna positiva korrelationer. Dessa två var Social Competence Scale för lärare, en lärarenkät som ligger till grund för SCO, och Assessment of Childrens Emotions, en uppgift där barn ska identifiera känslor utifrån ansiktsbilder. I likhet med tidigare analyser av instrumentet fann studien en faktorstruktur med en faktor. Inga signifikanta korrelationer mellan SCO och de två kriteriemåtten erhölls. Skalan behöver studeras vidare för validering. Bortfall och förändringar i skalans administration under datainsamlingen gör att resultaten bör tolkas försiktigt.

  • Public defence: 2017-09-05 10:00 Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Lane, Nathaniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    States of Development: Essays on the Political Economy of Development in Asia2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing Revolutions - Industrial Policy and Networks in South Korea. This chapter uses a historic big push intervention and newly digitized data from South Korea to study the effects of industrial policy on industrial development. In 1973 South Korea transitioned to a military dictatorship and drastically changed their development strategy. I find industries targeted by the regime's big push grew significantly more than non-targeted industries along several key dimensions of industrial development. These developmental effects persisted after industrial policies were retrenched, following the 1979 assassination of the president. Furthermore, I estimate the spillovers of the industrial policies using exogenous variation in the exposure to the policy across the input-output network. I find evidence of persistent pecuniary externalities like those posited by big push development theorists, such as Albert Hirschman. In other words, I find that South Korea's controversial industrial policy was successful in producing industrial development, the benefits of which persisted through time and in industries not directly targeted by the policies.

    Waiting for the Great Leap Forward - The Green Revolution and Structural Change in the Philippines. This study explores the short- and long-run impacts of the green revolution on structural transformation. The setting is the revolution’s home country: the Philippines. In 1966, the Philippine’s experienced the widespread introduction of so-called “miracle rice” varieties, invented at the International Rice Research Institute in Los Banos, Laguna. The island republic experienced large gains to agricultural productivity as a result. Using a newly constructed panel of Philippine municipalities, I show that growth in agricultural productivity led to unexpected patterns of structural transformation. In the short-run, the green revolution translated into labor-absorbing technological change, reallocating labor into HYV-intensive rice economies. However, in the long-run, the rising relative cost of labor, meant that rice farms mechanized and displaced the Philippine peasantry into the service sector.

    The Historical State, Local Collective Action, and Economic Development in Vietnam. This study examines how the historical state conditions long-run development, using Vietnam as a laboratory. Northern Vietnam (Dai Viet) was ruled by a strong centralized state in which the village was the fundamental administrative unit. Southern Vietnam was a peripheral tributary of the Khmer (Cambodian) Empire, which followed a patron-client model with weaker, more personalized power relations and no village intermediation. Using a regression discontinuity design across the Dai Viet-Khmer boundary, the study shows that areas historically under a strong state have higher living standards today and better economic outcomes over the past 150 years. Rich historical data document that in villages with a strong historical state, citizens have been better able to organize for public goods and redistribution through civil society and local government. This suggests that the strong historical state crowded in village-level collective action and that these norms persisted long after the original state disappeared.

  • Blom, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Gitarrkulturer: förändringar i gitarrens sociala och musikaliska status och dess utveckling som kulturell symbol i Sverige 1820-19802017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, Guitar Cultures, I aim to examine changes in the social, musical and cultural status of the guitar in Sweden during the period of 1820–1980. I also will outline the instrument’s development as a cultural symbol during this time. The main reason for my choice of subject is my distinct impression that the guitar probably is the most widely spread and played of all musical instruments, not only in Sweden, but worldwide.  Another reason is that I am a guitar player myself since many years. The popularity of the guitar has causes that are musical as well as extra-musical. From its humble beginnings – probably in Spain – in the 16th century, the guitar has become a fixture in a number of societies, not only in the Western hemisphere, since from way back it was brought by European seafarers to the rest of the world. The fact that the instrument lent itself very well to electrical amplification made it an important voice in popular music from the 1940’s and onwards, while its international status as a concert instrument is well established these days, after a somewhat shaky beginning pre-Segovia. In Sweden, the guitar has inhabited a number of different social and symbolic spheres. From being a fairly exclusive pastime for the upper class it became very popular among a broader segment of society during the 19th century, until it fell out of favour with the wealthier strata of society, who saw the piano as more befitting their social position. In the early 20th century, the guitar instead became firmly associated with the Swedish branch of the Salvation Army, where it was adopted as the main instrument in the service of God – almost exclusively played by female soldiers, which meant that the guitar for a long time was percieved solely as an instrument for women. This did not change until the 50’s, when the advent of rock’n’ roll suddenly made the guitar attractive for young men who saw Elvis Presley and Tommy Steele as role models. In this paper, I attempt to study a number of different guitar cultures in order to reveal which factors that have been the most influential regarding the changes in the guitar’s social, musical and cultural status as well as in its development as a cultural symbol. 

  • Almqvist, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Vägen till en givande medborgardialog: En studie av framgångsfaktorer för muntlig kommunikation vid samrådsmöten2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en explorativ undersökning som syftar till att studera den muntliga kommunikationen vid samrådsmöten i detaljplaneprocessen idag och vilka framgångsfaktorer som finns och kan stärkas i framtiden. Syftet är också att tvärvetenskapligt undersöka länken mellan samrådsmötenas svårigheter och framgångsfaktorer med hälsoteorin känsla av sammanhang (kasam) om hur meningsfullhet, begriplighet och hanterbarhet kan användas som ledord för att överkomma svårigheter. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i två icke-deltagande observationer av samrådsmöten genomförda av Stockholm Stad och sex efterföljande djupintervjuer med de tjänstemän eller konsulter som varit med och utformat eller genomfört den muntliga kommunikationen. Resultatet visar på otillfredsställande meningsfullhet gällande formen för samrådsmötet och medborgarnas upplevelse i och med oklart syfte och mål samt olika förväntningar, vilket ledde till sammanställning av syftes- och målmodeller att användas som underlag till utformning av samrådsmöten. Studien genererade också en modell över framgångsfaktorer för muntlig kommunikation vid samrådsmöten med kasam som utgångspunkt, där också aspekter kring till viss del otillfredsställande begriplighet och hanterbarhet omfattas. Kasam-komponenterna anses av forskaren ha tydliggjort på vilka områden och på vilket sätt frustration och svårigheter uppkommer vid samrådsmöten och vilka aspekter som skulle kunna stärkas för att förebygga detta.

  • Rivel, Charley
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Japanese Studies.
    Brottsförebyggande arbete i skolor: En komparativ studie mellan Sverige och Japan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Malm, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Japanese Studies.
    Skillnad i sloganer: En fallstudie av japanska och amerikanska företag i Japan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lövgren, Anton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Japanese Studies.
    The independence movement on Okinawa, Japan: A study on the impact of US military presence2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lärkfors, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Japanese Studies.
    Kvinnans roll och ställning i dagens japanska samhälle: En undersökning av komplikationer som arbetande gifta mödrar upplever när de ska kombinera arbetsliv med familjeliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sedrati, Anass
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    The use of YouTube in Morocco as an instrument of social critique and opposition: Three cases: Richard Azzouz, Hamid El Mahdaouy, Najib El Mokhtari2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media has experienced an extraordinary growth in Morocco, along with the introduction of Internet at the end of the 20th century. The booming of Internet users with the quick spreading of both devices and connectivity has created a new area of expression far different than the official discourse the Moroccan public was used to. The take-over of the online space in Morocco has shown new types of communication and protest that are completely in opposition with the official media discourse. Among the various social media tools that are used in Morocco today, YouTube is a one of the most popular, for both producing and watching content.

    This thesis investigates the use of YouTube in Morocco, both in an official way and as a counter-power tool, mainly highlighting the emerging of oppositional popular cultural discourse and its diverse aspects.

  • Bretschneider, Max
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Individuell rumslig mobilitet: En studie om hur strontiumanalys tillämpas i förståelsen av individen i Falbygden under Mellanneolitikum A2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the strength and weaknesses of strontium analysis as a method to study spatial mobility on a local level in the area of Falbygden, Västergötland, Sweden during the Middle Neolithic, 3300-2800 BC. While former studies gave little information concerning the scale of spatial mobility and possible places of origin for the non-local immigrants, recent studies based on strontium analysis have shown that approximately 25% of the investigated human remains in Falbygden can be defined as non-local. These studies also confirm that animal remains from this area show traces of movement.

    Strontium analysis allows tracing protein based diet registered in bone and teeth tissues to specific locations and is thus a powerful means to investigate spacial mobility. It is, however, also sensitive to a variety of intervening factors like special geological circumstances, pollutions, and glacial movements in the past all leaving their imprint on the collagen from bone and teeth. Drawing on recent research this thesis shows that strontium analysis is an important tool regarding spatial mobility in the past. However, this thesis also points out the need for doing complementary analysis of other types of isotopes in order to get a more detailed and more reliable picture of spacial mobility in the area of Falbygden. The thesis also raises questions regarding the definition of ”non-local”. This study shows that 15 % of non-local people have their origin from south-west, with an approximate a range of 150-200 km. In order to get more knowledge regarding the non-local residents in Falbygden and their place of origin more research is required. 

  • Wehmer, Kathrine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Keramikk - fortidens stemme: Lipidanalyse på keramikk fra Påtåker, Sollentuna, Uppland, Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about food culture in Uppland under early iron age in Upplans, Sverige. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to analysis the lipids that were extracted from archaeological potsherds from Påtåker Raä 62, Sollentuna, Uppland. The result of the lipid analysis shows content of aquatic animal products, terrestrial animal products, vegetables and indication of being heated. Based on these results and what is considered to be a normal diet during the Iron Age, it is possible to say that there are similarities. These results are also compared with three sites from Late Iron Age – Vendel 1:1, Vendel 28 and Tuna, to see if there are any similarities. The reason to choose three sites from Late Iron Age, and not Early Iron Age, is because there haven’t been done studies like this on material from the early Iron Age. Vendel 28 was the site that was most similar to Påtåker, when it comes to its enviorment with meadows and woods, and the ceramics application areas. 

  • Pappas Adlerburg, Nickolas T.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    To Make Iron of Iron: A Comprehensive Analytical Study of Spade Shaped Iron Bars2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to provide adequate analytical information on the spade shaped iron bars of Norrland and central Sweden. While their significance has been thoroughly debated for decades, analytical research on them has been confined to cases of single artefacts or theoretical interpretations of their value, meaning and origin. In this study a comprehensive approach is taken into consideration. Based on X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and metallographical analysis this thesis seeks to facilitate new interpretations on quality, production centres and usage based on analytical results. Aiming to settle some of the long lasting questions regarding the artefacts while producing results which can further the discussion by raising new questions, previously unasked.

  • Östling, Robert
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Tiedemann, Jörg
    Continuous multilinguality with language vectors2017In: Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers, 2017, 644-649 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most existing models for multilingual natural language processing (NLP) treat language as a discrete category, and make predictions for either one language or the other. In contrast, we propose using continuous vector representations of language. We show that these can be learned efficiently with a character-based neural language model, and used to improve inference about language varieties not seen during training. In experiments with 1303 Bible translations into 990 different languages, we empirically explore the capacity of multilingual language models, and also show that the language vectors capture genetic relationships between languages.

  • Bjerva, Johannes
    et al.
    Östling, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Cross-lingual Learning of Semantic Textual Similarity with Multilingual Word Representations2017In: Proceedings of the 21st Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics / [ed] Jörg Tiedemann, Linköping, 2017, 211-215 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Eliasson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rehn, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Health and social care teachers' descriptions of challenges in their teaching at upper secondary school2017In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 7, no 1, 42-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since vocational teachers not only mediate theoretical and practical knowledge, but also ideals concerning the professionals’ personalities and actions, the aim of this study is to analyse if and how these ideals influence the highlighted challenges of teaching. The study is drawing on a social constructionist perspective; the method used involves 17 qualitative interviews. The challenges mentioned were as follows: lack of motivation, language and cultural factors, low status of the occupation and plagiarism. Underlying ideals rooted in the health care sector were that students should become a carer because of an inner desire. Moral and ethical values were other ideals that underpinned themes such as dealing with plagiarism and the problems experienced with non-native Swedes. An underlying fact is also the low traditional status of the nursing assistants, a challenge the teachers try to handle without effective tools. In the order to understand the challenges and handle them, the teachers construct categories of differences. This is visible when the categorisation of students is made based on motivation and ethnicity. The findings highlight the importance of courses

  • Cruz Suárez, Juan Carlos
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    José Martínez Rubio, Las formas de la verdad. Investigación, docuficción y memoria en la novela hispánica (2000-2015)2017In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 2000-3560, E-ISSN 2000-3560, Vol. 111, no 1, 209-211 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • Turkmani, Nasrin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Division of household tasks and union stability in a gender-egalitarian context: The case of Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks at the relationship between the division of household tasks, satisfaction with the household division and the intention/potential intention to break-up in Sweden as a gender-egalitarian context with a high proportion of family dissolution. The framework of the study is relative deprivation theory. The data analyzed is extracted from the Generation and Gender Survey Wave 1 for Sweden. The sample size of the study is 2,170 persons including married and cohabiting heterosexuals with an age range of 20–49 years and the tool of analysis is logistic regression. We find that equal sharing of household tasks is common in Sweden however gender inequality has remained a concern. Our findings highlight that equality in the division of household tasks does not play an important role in family stability but perception of fairness regarding the division of household tasks is the important factor. Our findings also show that married persons and couples in which one of them is on parental leave have lower intention/potential intention of breakup.

  • Munhall, Brendan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Navigating Sweden’s Parental Choice Education System: A Study of Asylum-Seeking Parents2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As high levels of forced migration continue to challenge Europe, countries like Sweden are attempting to incorporate asylum-seekers into its education system. Over the past 50 years Sweden’s education system has undergone a unique shift from a centralized to a decentralized parental-choice model of schools. An approach called plural education promotes equity through shared experience and support for equity creating initiatives. Proponents of choice argued that plural education was maintained across the decentralizing shift in policy. Yet some evidence has begun to show that these values are not being upheld. Marginalized groups, such as asylum-seekers, appear to face a number of barriers to accessing the entirety of choices.

    In this qualitative study employing a grounded theory methodology, seven asylum-seeking parents were asked for their experiences entering their children into the Swedish compulsory school system. Semi-structured interviews explored the barriers, information and strategies each parent had for enrolment and school choice. Analysis found that parents had insufficient information for school choice, few strategies to find new information and faced a number of barriers. The implication of these findings are that these asylum-seekers did not have the support or knowledge to successfully participate in school choice and that education in Sweden may have weakened in its ability to promote equity for these respondents. 

  • Jensen, Kurt Villads
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Prisoners of war in the Baltic in the XII-XIII centuries2017In: E-strategica, ISSN ISSN 2530-9951, Vol. 1, 285-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Ćwiek, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Bielefeld University.
    Włodarczak, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Wagner, Petra
    Bielefeld University.
    Acoustics and discourse function of two types of breathing signals2017In: Nordic Prosody: Proceedings of the XIIth Conference, Trondheim 2016 / [ed] Eggesbø Abrahamsen, Jardar Koreman, Jacques van Dommelen, Wim A., Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 83-91 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Breathing is fundamental for living and speech, and it has been a subject of linguistic research for years. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in tackling the question of possible communicative functions of breathing (e.g. Rochet-Capellan & Fuchs, 2014; Aare, Włodarczak & Heldner, 2014; Włodarczak & Heldner, 2015; Włodarczak, Heldner, & Edlund, 2015). The present study set out to determine acoustic markedness and communicative functions of pauses accompanied and non-accompanied by breathing. We hypothesised that an articulatory reset occurring in breathing pauses and an articulatory freeze in non-breathing pauses differentiates between the two types. A production experiment was conducted and some evidence in favour of such a phenomenon was found. Namely, in case of non-breathing pauses, we observed more coarticulation evidenced by a more frequent omission of plosive releases. Our findings thus give some evidence in favour of the communicative function of breathing.

  • Šimko, Juraj
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Włodarczak, Marcin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Suni, Antti
    University of Helsinki.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Vainio, Martti
    University of Helsinki.
    Coordination between f0, intensity and breathing signals2017In: Nordic Prosody: Proceedings of the XIIth Conference, Trondheim 2016 / [ed] Eggesbø Abrahamsen, Jardar Koreman, Jacques van Dommelen, Wim A., Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 147-156 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper presents preliminary results on temporal coordination of breathing, intensity and fundamental frequency signals using continuous wavelet transform. We have found tendencies towards phase-locking at time scales corresponding to several prosodic units such as vowel-to-vowel intervals and prosodic words. The proposed method should be applicable to a wide range of problems in which the goal is finding a stable phase relationship in a pair of hierarchically organised signals.

  • Włodarczak, Marcin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Heldner, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
    Capturing respiratory sounds with throat microphones2017In: Nordic Prosody: Proceedings of the XIIth Conference, Trondheim 2016 / [ed] Eggesbø Abrahamsen, Jardar Koreman, Jacques van Dommelen, Wim A., Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 181-190 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results of a pilot study using throat microphones for recording respiratory sounds. We demonstrate that inhalation noises are louder before longer stretches of speech than before shorter utterances (< 1 s) and in silent breathing. We thus replicate the results from our earlier study which used close-talking head-mounted microphones, without the associated data loss due to cross-talk. We also show that inhalations are louder within than before a speaking turn. Hence, the study provides another piece of evidence in favour of communicative functions of respiratory noises serving as potential turn-taking (for instance, turn-holding) cues.