123 1 - 50 of 103
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Competing Claims to Computing as a Discipline (Invited talk)2015In: 15th Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, University of Helsinki , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Capability Driven Development of Context-aware Enterprise Applications – Challenges, Approach and Experiences2015In: 5th Enterprise Engineering Working Conference, CIAO! Network , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises are facing the need to adapt their businesses according to various situations in which their applications need to be used. To answer this challenge an EU FP7 project “Capability as a Service in digital enterprises” (CaaS) has been initiated. The aim of CaaS is to support the capture and analysis of changing business context in the design of information systems (IS) using the capability notion. Capability is seen as the ability and capacity that enables an enterprise to achieve a business goal in a certain context. The key rationale behind a capability driven approach is to capture the dependence of organizational and IS designs on application context and to provide explicit support for run-time adjustments according to changes in the application situation. The CaaS project is developing a methodology and a tool environment for capability driven development. We envision to further advance the service oriented paradigm and to develop context aware business capabilities by using Enterprise Modelling techniques as a starting point of the development process, capability design patterns for reuse of best practices, as well as composition of required capabilities and algorithms for run-time adjustment. This talk will address the main principles of the capability driven development methodology, as well as present the current experiences of capability design in three use case companies of the CaaS project – SIV AG (Germany) for business process outsourcing, Fresh T Limited (UK) for compliance management, and Everis (Spain) for capability management in e-government platforms.

  • Bider, Ilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Using Fractal Enterprise Model for Business Model Innovation: Tutorial2018In: CAiSE, John Krogstie, Hajo A. Reijers , 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The pace of changes in the business environment in which a modern enterprise operates requires the enterprise to constantly review its business models in order to survive and prosper in the dynamic world. The tutorial introduces an approach to Business Model Innovation (BMI) based on a new type of enterprise models called Fractal Enterprise Model (FEM). The model express the relationship between the enterprise assets and its business processes. The innovation consists of finding a new way of using enterprise assets to produce value for a new group of customers. The tutorial introduces FEM and shows how it could be used for BMI. The introduction is followed by an exercise in which the participants will apply the approach and invent a new business model for their own organizations.

  • Stirna, Janis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Lessons from Facilitating Participatory Enterprise Modeling2018In: Enterprise Modeling and Information Systems Architectures, CEUR-WS.org , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Modeling (EM) has become a widespread activity in enterprises. Strategy development, business process mapping, requirements engineering, product development, enterprise architecture management, information system design are just a few examples of organizational activities that benefit from a model-based way of working and knowledge representation in the form of models. EM helps addressing organizational development from a number of perspectives, such, strategy (goals, challenges, opportunities, capabilities), business operations (processes, actors, resources), information (business concepts, products), information technology (requirements, components), etc. However, to develop efficient solutions and to ensure their fit in the organization all of these perspectives need to be analyzed in an integrated way. Furthermore, EM activities often require involving groups of people, i.e. the models are created in a participatory way. To be efficient, such participatory EM sessions need the support of dedicated persons who know how to organize a modeling project and modeling sessions, how to manage discussions during a modeling session, and what aspects influence the success and efficiency of modeling in practice. This talk will address a number of lessons learned from managing modeling projects and facilitating participatory EM sessions. More specifically, we will focus on the critical success aspects of the EM process, stereotypes of actor behavior in modeling sessions and modeling projects, as well as, patterns and anti-patterns of EM project management.

  • Karahalios, Karrie
    et al.
    University of Illinois & Adobe, , .
    Monroy-Hernández, Andrés
    Snap, Inc., , .
    Lampinen, Airi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Fitzpatrick, Geraldine
    Vienna University of Technology, , .
    Editors' Message2018In: Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, ACM Press , 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Bider, Ilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Using Structural Coupling Approach for Defining and Maintaining Identity of an Educational Institution. Experience Report2018In: STPIS, Stewart Kowalski, Peter Bednar, Ilia Bider , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an ongoing study on defining and maintaining organizational identity of an institution of higher education, such as a department or school. The theoretical background used in the study is the concept of structural coupling that comes from biological cybernetics. The study concerns the authors own department. The paper presents proposals of to which elements of the environment such an institution is structurally coupled and how the identity maintenance is arranged. The paper provides examples of how maintaining identity works or not works in practice based on reflections on the authors' experience of working in their own department. It also shows that maintaining identity may requires changes in different components of the socio-technical system, e.g. methods, people, technology.

  • Bider, Ilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Using Fractal Enterprise Model to Assist Complexity Management2018In: BIR-WS 2018: BIR Short Papers, Workshops and Doctoral Consortium / [ed] Jelena Zdravkovic, Jānis Grabis, Selmin Nurcan, Janis Stirna, Jelena Zdravkovic, Jānis Grabis, Selmin Nurcan, Janis Stirna , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the problems of a complex organizational system in which not each of its parts is directly connected to all other parts. For such a system, it is important to identify which parts/sub-systems need to be directly connected to each other, and which could be left without such connections. The paper puts forward a hypothesis that a suitable enterprise model could be used for this end, and investigates the suitability for this end of one particular enterprise modeling technique called Fractal Enterprise Model.

  • Kowalski, Stewart
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Bednar, Peter
    Bider, Ilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Proceedings of STPIS 2018: Preface2018In: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS development (STPIS'18) / [ed] Stewart Kowalski, Peter Bednar, Ilia Bider, Stewart Kowalski, Peter Bednar, Ilia Bider , 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Sommarlund, Susan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Det särbegåvade barnet - två konstruktioner av samma barn: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur föräldrar och  pedagoger konstruerar det särbegåvade förskolebarnet. Utgångspunkten är åtta förskolebarn vars föräldrar och pedagoger intervjuats. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer och tematisk analys har de berättelser som återkommit i intervjuerna identifierats. Berättelserna har analyserats med hjälp av tolkningsrepertoarer och positionering. De narrativ som blivit synliga är föräldrars konstruktion av det särbegåvade barnet som ett problembarn och pedagogers konstruktion av det särbegåvade barnet som ett idealbarn utifrån Läroplanens strävansmål. Dessa två diskurser, familjediskursen och förskolediskursen krockar, maktförhållandet påfrestar samarbetet mellan diskurserna och de olika synerna på normalitet ger bilden av ett dilemmabarn.

  • Beckman, Ludvig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rösträttsåldern och demokratinsavgränsningsproblem2018In: Demokratins framtid / [ed] Katarina Barrling; Sören Holmberg, stockholm: Sveriges Riksdag , 2018, p. 81-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2019-01-10 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Iqbal (وحید اقبال ), Waheed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
    On atmospheric low frequency variability, teleconnections and link to jet variability2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The atmosphere is a complex system with an infinite number of independent variables. The best approximations of the atmosphere are made using numerical models. The use of such models provides an invaluable tool for studying the atmospheric system. In the atmosphere, narrow bands of strong winds at upper levels, called jet streams, impact the underlying large-scale weather conditions. In this Ph.D. thesis, I have studied jet stream variability from reanalyses and climate models. The regional climate model RCA4 simulations over South Asia reveal a good agreement between model results and reanalysis for jet stream representation. Lateral boundary data sources are believed to contribute to discrepancies over the mountainous regions.

    Currently, the weather forecasts have an upper limit of around 10 days. The atmospheric variability between 10 to 40 days is known as low frequency variability (LFV). This Ph.D. thesis also examined the LFV from a non-linear perspective, which indicated the existence of multiple recurring atmospheric conditions. The North Atlantic eddy-driven jet, which explains a major part of the winter variability over the North Atlantic region, has three preferred latitudinal positions situated south, closest to, and north of its climatological mean position. These positions represent, respectively, Greenland blocking, a low-pressure system over the North Atlantic, and a high-pressure system over the North Atlantic. An improved representation of this jet is reported from CMIP5 GCMs. However, the existence of three preferred latitudinal positions remains a challenge for these models.

    The statistical properties of recurring atmospheric conditions can potentially enhance current weather and climate predictions. Techniques from dynamical system theory, like unstable periodic orbits, can be employed to reconstruct such statistical properties. This has been demonstrated, for the first time, in a three-level baroclinic model, of intermediate complexity, for the Northern Hemisphere winter.

    In the Northern Hemisphere winter, there are times when the stratosphere gets warmer due to upward propagation of heat fluxes from the troposphere. This type of situation triggers a major sudden stratospheric warming, resulting in the equatorward shift of the jet streams and yielding much colder than usual surface conditions over the extratropics. I have studied thirty such events from the Japanese reanalysis data in relation to the three preferred latitudinal positions of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet. The probability of strong upward propagation from the troposphere is significantly higher for the central position of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet. These findings can potentially improve the troposphere-stratosphere predictions.

  • Public defence: 2019-01-08 13:00 sal FB42, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Rivero Losada, Illa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    Formation of solar bipolar regions: Magnetic flux concentrations from suction of the negative effective magnetic pressure instability2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sunspots stand out on the visible solar surface. They appear as dark structures evolving and changing over time. They host energetic and violent events, like coronal mass ejections and flares, and concentrate strong magnetic fields. Hundreds of years of studies provide a record of sunspot cycles, as reported by the well-known butterfly diagram, as well as some of their general observational properties, such as size, maximum field strength, and lifetime. However, we lack a general theory that explains how the magnetic field cluster in the spots and how it evolves over time.

    This thesis studies the negative effective magnetic pressure instability (NEMPI) as a mechanism able to form such magnetic flux concentrations and thus magnetic spots. A weak magnetic field suppresses the turbulence locally and reduces the turbulent pressure. The resulting contraction concentrates the field further, which reduces the turbulent pressure even more, and so on. We study the conditions where NEMPI is excited, trying to reproduce some of the complexities of the solar environment. We focus on the effects of rotation, the change of stratification, and the influence of a simplified corona. We solve the magnetohydrodynamic equations using both direct numerical simulations and mean-field simulations of strongly stratified turbulence in a weak magnetic field.

    Even slow rotation with a Coriolis number of 0.01 can suppress the instability. Higher values of rotation lead to dynamo action, increasing the magnetic field in a new coupled dynamo-NEMPI system. In the solar case, the dependence of NEMPI on rotation constrains the depth where the instability can operate: since the Coriolis number is very small in the uppermost layers of the Sun, NEMPI can only be a shallow phenomenon. Changing the type of stratification from isothermal to polytropic pushes the instability further to the upper parts of the computational domain. Unlike the isothermal case, in the polytropic cases the density scale height is no longer constant, but the stratification decreases deeper down, making it increasingly difficult for NEMPI to operate.

    A corona changes dramatically the semblance of flux concentrations. A bipolar region is formed, instead of a single spot. It develops at the interface between the turbulent and the non-turbulent layers, forming a loop-like structure in the coronal layer. The bipoles move apart and finally decay and disappear. We study the structure in a wide range of parameters and test the physical conditions of its appearance. Higher stratification and imposed field strength intensify the magnetic structures, which reach even equipartition values, until a plateau and subsequent decrease occur. The increase of the domain size strengthens the maximum magnetic field and gives more coherence to the spots, keeping their sizes. We measure a strong large-scale downward and converging flows associated with the concentration of flux. Finally, we also include rotation in the two-layer model, confirming the previous results: slow rotation suppresses the formation of bipolar regions. A stronger imposed magnetic field alleviates the suppression somewhat and strengthens the structures.

    These studies demonstrate the viability of NEMPI to form magnetic flux concentrations in both monopolar and bipolar structures. We find that NEMPI can only develop in the uppermost layers, where the local Coriolis number is small and the stratification strong.

  • Gartz, Mira
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Desire, cows and resilience: Investigating motivations to steward a bio-cultural refuge in Northern Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, centuries of agricultural modernization have marginalized locally adapted food cultures and food production systems. Yet in some places these practices and cultures survive, even in areas that lack conducive circumstances for agricultural production. These places are called bio-cultural refugia.

    Dominant agricultural practices are based on the production of only a few species which reduce biodiversity and the resilience of landscapes. Bio-cultural refugia provide important alternatives and pathways toward sustainable agricultural development, but are currently conceived of as living museums and are not well-connected to markets. This study investigates a re-emerging bio-cultural refuge in Northern Sweden, which revolves around an endangered native cattle breed, traditional recipes and an open landscape.

    It is unclear how bio-cultural refugia emerge or can persist. Recent literature on human adaptive capacity in social-ecological systems explains how sustainability outcomes depend on the dynamic interrelations of opportunities, abilities and desires. In this thesis I empirically investigate the role of desires to stewardship practices through a discourse analysis with roots in psychoanalytic theory. The aim of the thesis is to add to the understanding of how and why a bio-cultural refuge can emerge and persist in the Global North.

    I find that desires expressed by stewards in the bio-cultural refuge is mostly directed to people, and not to achieve ecological sustainability for its own sake. The most commonly articulated motivation is to care for people in the village by developing the local economy, contradicting a general conception of stewardship originating in pro-environmental values. Nevertheless, the informants do steward a bio-cultural refuge. This is explained by the coincidental opportunity to buy the native cattle and existing subsidies to keep them, and by abilities such as farming- and cooperation skills, creativity and entrepreneurial thinking.

    Stewardship of bio-cultural refugia is crucial for biosphere resilience. In order to maintain and develop existing bio-cultural refugia we must start to re-imagine what they can mean not only for ecologies but also for society and people, as they hold important knowledge on energy efficient food production. By creating opportunities that resonate with people’s needs and desires in particular places it may be possible to attract new stewards for bio-cultural refugia, and to (re)produce the ecological knowledge that is necessary for a sustainable and resilient future

  • Public defence: 2019-01-11 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Reitti, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Diaryliodonium Salts: Synthesis, Applications and Computational Investigations2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic chemists have the ability to create complex organic molecules by connecting molecular building blocks in different ways. To name a few, these molecules are used as medicines, pesticides or in our household electronics, and are therefore crucial to life as we know it. While many excellent methods for the connection of these fragments are known, serious issues regarding efficiency and sustainability remain. Our research concerns the use of diaryliodonium salts as a way of improving on these issues. Diaryliodonium salts are hypervalent iodine reagents used to transfer aryl groups to suitable nucleophiles. This thesis concerns the synthesis of these reagents and their use in the formation of carbon-nitrogen and carbon-oxygen bonds.

    The first project investigates the possibility to synthesize unsymmetrical diaryliodonium salts starting from elemental iodine and arenes, as such a method could be more cost efficient and sustainable compared to existing methods starting from iodoarenes. It was found that highly sterically congested diaryliodonium salts could be synthesized in high yields.

    Next, we applied diaryliodonium salts in the arylation of nitrite to form aromatic nitro compounds. The methodology offered a broad scope with good to excellent yields. Furthermore, we presented the in situ functionalization of diaryliodonium salts that had been formed from iodoarenes and arenes. This conceptually novel approach could be a step towards a catalytic reaction using diaryliodonium salts.

    In the third project we investigated the mechanisms of O-arylations with diaryliodonium salts to provide a deeper understanding of the reaction pathways involved in product and byproduct formation. Reactions between electron-rich diaryliodonium salts, hydroxides or secondary alcohols were studied.  When using hydroxide as the nucleophile, the side products could be suppressed by the addition of aryne traps, suggesting such an intermediate in the reaction. A novel mechanism for the formation of the aryne was proposed based on DFT calculations.  When alcohols were used we detected the oxidation of the alcohol rather than aryne products. The oxidized product was shown to not originate from arynes or a radical process but was formed via an intramolecular deprotonation from a 4-coordinated intermediate as suggested by DFT-calculations and experiments.

    In the final project we developed two complementary methods for the synthesis of phenols using hydroxide surrogates as nucleophiles. These compounds have previously been difficult to make using diaryliodonium salts due to aryne formation or overarylation to form diaryl ethers. The first method used hydrogen peroxide as the surrogate and allowed formation of electron-deficient and moderately electron-rich phenols. The synthesis of ortho-alkyl substituted phenols could be accomplished by using silanols as the surrogate. This allowed us to synthesize several highly congested phenols in good yields. Highly electron-rich diaryliodonium salts were, however, not compatible with either of the two methods.

  • Jonsson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Samverkan i ropet. Hur förväntas vi nå ut med vår forskning?2018In: Är det någon konst att vara akademiker? / [ed] Carina Sjöholm & Magnus Jerneck, Lund: Media-Tryck , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Vikström, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Motivations behind gardening in a rapidly urbanizing landscape - a case study of urban gardening in Bangalore, India2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    India’s IT-capital Bangalore is experiencing rapid urbanization causing diminishing greenery and biodiversity. Urbanization contributes to disconnecting humans from nature, further contributing to environmental degradation, since connecting with nature is crucial for fostering pro-environmental behaviour and stewardship which is required for urban resilience. The city’s long legacy of home gardening has been threatened by the city growth, however, Bangaloreans are finding new ways of engaging in gardening. This study gives an inside perspective of how and why middle class Bangaloreans choose to engage in gardening, building on interviews with 24 terrace and community gardeners, and identification of 6 community garden initiatives. The terrace gardening movement emerged during the 1990s, and have now spread to engage several thousands of citizens, growing on their rooftops across the city, however, community gardening is a ‘new’ phenomenon. The motivations expressed by gardeners are, in this study, categorised in motivational drivers and direct benefits. Motivational drivers affect the gardener’s desire to engage and these drivers are identified as memories, cultural values and beliefs, experiences of urbanization, perception of risk and external influence. Direct benefits are the benefits they get from gardening, identified as material, psychological and social benefits. The main motivations stated were the benefits of healthy food and connecting with nature. Terrace gardeners have a strong network and the main platform for interaction is social media, and many community gardeners are also part of that forum, where experiences and knowledge are shared. Gardeners use natural and organic practices and many have a desire to preserve traditional species and methods. This indicates that urban gardening is a way of stewardship of urban (agro)biodiversity and thus requires increased attention, for overcoming challenges related to management and lack of perseverance, and for contributing to city resilience through human and nature connections through gardening.

  • Persson, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Laborationer under press?: Ekonomiska och pedagogiska krav på laborationer i grundskolans fysikundervisning åk 7-92018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med begränsade ekonomiska resurser finns en risk att laborationsundervisningen blir lidande, t ex genom att inte tillräcklig laborationsutrustning finns tillgänglig. Med syfte att på ett djupare plan tränga in i denna frågeställning och erhålla en förståelse för vad som upplevs begränsande för dagens undervisning på skolnivå, hur undervisningen är upplagd och vad det upplevs kunna ge för konsekvenser har en exemplifierande fallstudie utförts. Studien utfördes i form av en deltagande observation i åk 7-9 vid en kommunal grundskola i en tätort med ca 70 000 invånare. Studien inkluderade intervjuer med lärare, rektor och elever samt laborationshandledningar och fältanteckningar.

    Vissa av kunskapskraven i styrdokumenten är direkt knutna till den laborativa verksamheten och således svåra att uppfylla utan den. Samtidigt ses i studien att både rektor, lärare och elever uppskattade laborationer, eftersom de ger möjlighet att skapa intresse, självförtroende och en lust att lära genom att lära genom att göra, att använda flera sinnen och att variera undervisningen. Därav finns det fog för att säga att laborationsundervisningen är här för att stanna.

    Studien visar att lärarna utförde laborationer utan kostsam utrustning. Lärarna använde vad som fanns. Undervisningen bestod främst av klassiska laborationer med enkelt material där frågeställning och metod var given och till viss del var även resultatet slutet. Rektor och lärarna var väl medvetna om att pedagogisk ämneskunskap och struktur på undervisningen påverkar lärandet. Lärarna såg förberedelsetid och trångboddhet som begränsande. Trångboddheten försvårade bl a förberedelse och materialanvändning. De uttryckte att de var glada att arbeta på en gammal skola med material från 50/60-talet och använde artefakterna i sin undervisning. De tyckte sig inte sakna artefakter, förutom en av lärarna som uttryckte att tillräcklig utrustning fanns för undervisning på den nivå som efterfrågades, men själv tyckte att nivån var för låg.

    Sammanfattningsvis är laborationsundervisningen under ekonomisk och pedagogisk press.

  • Israelsson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Naturen består av "grönt": Kvantitativ studie av identifikationsmöjligheter i svensk barn- och skollitteratur 1750–20152018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine if the Swedish ethnocentrism influences the education in biology in Swedish school: if students with different ethnical background have unequal opportunities to identification due to inequality in representation in Swedish school books, and of the current Swedish curriculum Lgr11 and the previous curriculum Lpo94 have had any effect on representation in Swedish school books. Students with non-Swedish ethnical background generally perform less well in science than students with Swedish ethnical background. It can only be partially explained by socio-economic factors or language skills. However, norm-based exclusion could be a major factor. This study focus on normative exclusion through invisibilizing. It reports an intersectional quantitative study of depiction of age, ethnicity, gender and national minorities in Swedish children and school books 1750–2015. It is not an analysis of text books as such but rather an analysis of values shown by purchases of educational material. The analyses revealed both long-term trends and shorter fluctuationsin the degree of depictions as well as in the degree of exclusion/inclusion. The study cannot find any detectable increase in ethnic or gender inclusion during the late 20thand the 21thcentury. Therefore, any significant positive effects of the national Swedish curricula Lpo94 and Lgr11 and the focus of core values (“värdegrund”) can be excluded.

  • Lim Falk, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Wirdenäs, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Skrivande på gymnasiet: Perspektiv på skrivutveckling och textkompetens2018Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Elevernas skrivutveckling når aldrig ett slutmål – nya genrer och nytt innehåll innebär nya utmaningar och fler steg i utvecklingen mot en avancerad skriftspråkskompetens. En utvecklande skrivundervisning behöver göra eleverna förberedda att möta dessa utmaningar, både under gymnasietiden och i kommande studier och yrkesliv.

    Artikeln föreskriver inte en specifik teoribildning eller en utvald skrivpedagogisk inriktning som svar på hur undervisningen kan möta elevernas behov. Den betonar istället att lärare behöver många redskap och göra medvetna val bland dessa i planeringen av en skrivundervisning som ser till alla delar i den skriftspråkliga kompetensen.

    Artikeln resonerar kring de tendenser som genom åren har präglat skrivundervisningen. Hur ska dagens lärare förhålla sig till olika synsätt och inriktningar? En breddad skrivundervisning förespråkas som på olika sätt främjar utvecklingen av elevernas skriftspråkliga kompetens.

  • Lim Falk, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Planera för progression2018Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att planera en undervisning med fokus på språklig progression behöver man utgå från nyanlända elevers förutsättningar och behov så att de får både kognitiva utmaningar och adekvat stöttning. Artikeln introducerar registermodellen som en teoretisk ram för att beskriva språkutveckling, språkanvändning och språklig variation i olika sammanhang.

  • Lim Falk, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Bygga och värdera kunskap: Texter av vetenskaplig karaktär2018Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om vetenskapligt skrivande. Många läroböcker och skrivhandledningar tar upp den vetenskapliga textens disposition, språk och stil. Här ligger i stället fokus på hur övningar i att värdera kunskap och information kan främja ett kritiskt-analytiskt förhållningssätt som en grundläggande förutsättning för att kunna skriva texter av vetenskaplig karaktär.

  • Sjölund, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    These are the reasons we teach math: A study of teachers' cultural repertoire of discourses about the purposes of mathematics education.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nelson, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages. Mälardalens högskola.
    Henricson, Sofie
    Åbo universitet och Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland.
    Sverigesvenska och finlandssvenska handledningspraktiker2018In: Högskolepedagogisk utveckling i teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Ärlemalm-Hagsér och Marie Öhman, Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, Västerås , 2018, p. 63-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras handledningspraktiker vid universitet och högskolor i Sverige och i Finland ur ett jämförande perspektiv. Diskussionen bygger på de kommunikativa skillnader vi iakttagit mellan inspelningar av sverigesvenska och finlandssvenska handledningssamtal, bland annat vad gäller hur råd ges och tas emot, hur deltagarna hanterar den inneboende asymmetrin samt hur pronomen används under ett handledningssamtal. De empiriska observationerna av handledningspraktiker i autentiska handledningssamtal relateras till två svenskspråkiga högskolepedagogiska vägledningar för uppsatshandledning, en från Sverige och en från Finland. De kommunikativa skillnader vi noterat i de sverigesvenska och de finlandssvenska handledningssamtalen återspeglas i de två studerade handböckerna. Vad gäller såväl handledningssamtalen som handledningsmanualerna ser vi en större tendens till att tona ner asymmetrier och framhäva det kollektiva i de sverigesvenska handledningspraktikerna, medan de finlandssvenska handledningspraktikerna uppvisar en tydligare orientering mot individuellt ansvar och en mer oproblematisk inställning till de institutionella rollerna som handledare och student.

  • Vähämäki, Janet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    The Rise and Fall of "Results Initiatives" in Swedish Development Aid2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Janet is a researcher at Stockholm Center for Organizational Research (SCORE). In 2017 she defended her doctoral thesis Matrixing Aid- The Rise and Fall of ‘Results Initiatives’ in Swedish Development Aid at Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University. This brief presents the main conclusions of her thesis. 

  • Wibacke, Elis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Alternativa fakta i 1300-talets krönikor: Olika perspektiv i senmedeltida historiografi på olyckan vid Clemens V:s kröning 13052018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse the construction of a historical event in late medieval chronicles, in a way that increases our understanding of the mechanisms behind historiography. The analysis is based on how the coronation of Pope Clement V in 1305 and the accident which then took place, in which a wall crashed and killed a number of people, is depicted in a selection of 14th century chronicles, mainly from France. This event has been largely overlooked by previous research on Clement V and the Avignon Papacy, which has tended to emphasise its meaning as a bad omen for the pope. Through a close reading of the chronicles inspired by a comparative methodological approach and the theoretical framework of Suzanne Fleischman this thesis proves that the French chronicles do not give much actual support for the interpretation of the accident as a bad omen and that the event occurs in multiple versions, which can be explained by the chroniclers’ different attitudes towards the alliance between Pope Clement and King Philip the Fair of France. The different versions are dependent on the texts’ contrasting aims and uses of narratives and facts, and is ultimately defined by the communicative situation between writer and reader.

  • Berndt, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mycket prat men lite verkstad: Att förstå det klimatpolitiska ramverket med hjälp avidéer om metagovernance och särkoppling.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Tamm-Hallström, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Yngfalk, Carl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Den KRAVfyllda handelsplatsen: Det vardagliga arbetet i en miljöcertifierad livsmedelsbutik2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Butikscertifiering utgör en växande trend inom detaljhandeln i Sverige och särskilt för livsmedelsbutiker. Till skillnad från certifiering och märkning av enskilda produkter som sedan 1990-talet utvecklats för att hjälpa konsumenter att välja ”rätt” enligt rådande miljönormer, berör butikscertifiering hela butiken som organisation. Genom en butikscertifiering ställs krav dels på butikens eget, direkta miljöansvar, dels på butikens påverkan på konsumenters förutsättningar att göra miljöanpassade val i handeln med livsmedel. Syftet med studien som redovisas här är att bidra med empiriskt grundad kunskap till den företagsekonomiska organisations- och marknadsföringsforskningen om standarder och certifiering som styrningsform för miljöarbete på marknader. Detta sker via en kvalitativ studie där ledning och personal i elva livsmedelsbutiker i Stockholmsområdet har intervjuats med fokus på deras arbete med KRAVs miljöstandard för butik. Den övergripande forskningsfrågan lyder Hur påverkar butikscertifiering organiseringen av butiken? Med organisering avses här vardagliga arbetsrutiner, lärande i organisationen och marknadsföring.

  • Junker, Svenne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Yngfalk, Carl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Vägen fram till beslutet om offentlig-privat samverkan för Nya Karolinska Solna2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten undersöks och diskuteras vägen fram till beslutet om att finansiera Nya Karolinska Solna (NKS) genom så kallad offentlig-privat samverkan (OPS). Fokus ligger på hur OPS-frågan utreddes efter maktskiftet i Stockholms läns landsting (SLL) 2006 fram till dess att fullmäktige i juni 2008 beslutade om en OPS-upphandling för byggande, ägande och drift av NKS.

  • Nikolaidou, Zoe
    et al.
    Bellander, Theres
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Health literacy as knowledge construction: Learning about health by expanding objects and crossing boundaries in networked activities2018In: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, ISSN 2210-6561, E-ISSN 2210-657XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine health literacy as a set of practices that unfold in networked activity systems. Focusing on the literacy practices of pregnant couples and parents of children with heart defect, we show that they participate in multiple activities with the object of constructing knowledge about the child's condition. The contexts for these activities are doctor-patient con- sultations and the parents' online searching and sharing. The study builds on ethnographic in- terviews, recorded medical consultations and collection of texts from online forums, blogs and social media. An analysis based on literacy practices and activity theory shows that these ac- tivities enable parents' learning, but they can also be restricting as to the mediating tools they provide and the rules that dictate the tools. Additionally, the object of learning about heart defect is not always clearly formulated and stable but it keeps alternating and expanding. As a result, the parents cross boundaries between activities with different mediating tools, rules and com- munities and thereby different possibilities for learning. We show that doing health literacy is comprised by a set of recontextualised practices of looking for medical and experiential knowl- edge and it is by a combination of the two that meaningful learning is achieved.

  • Hedmalm, Siri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Likvärdigt skydd för mänskliga rättigheter?: En analys av Bosphorus-presumtionen och dess tillämplighet på anpassningen av svenska asylregler till EU-rättens miniminivå2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, the European Union (EU) was facing the largest migration crisis in modern history. In light of the high reception of asylum seekers in Sweden during the autumn of the same year, a temporary law (2016:752) was adopted which restricted the possibilities of obtaining a permanentresidence permit and of family reunification. The law has received criticism for being contrary to Swedish convention commitments, especially the right to respect for family life and the prohibition of discrimination according to Articles 8 and 14 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the Convention). Against the backdrop of this criticism, this thesis aims to examine whether the so-called Bosphorus presumption, also known as the presumption of equivalent protection, could be applicable in a hypothetic case where Sweden is brought before the European Court of Human Rights (the Court) for violating the Convention as a result of the temporary law. The criteria for the application of the presumption are firstly that the intrusive measure, here the restriction of the right to family reunification, can be said to fall within the scope of the strict international legal obligations of the state, meaning that the state can be said to have exercised a certain amount of discretion and to have enjoyed a certain margin of manoeuvre. The conclusion of this thesis is that likely would be considered to have exercised discretion as well as enjoyed a margin of manoeuvre when restricting the right to family reunification by adopting the temporary law. This conclusion is mainly based on the fact that the international legal obligations in this case flow from directives, which are binding on member states only as to the result to be achieved, and leave the choice of form and methods to the authorities of the member state. Furthermore, the directives which the temporary law is based on are so-called minimum directives, which allow for the member states to provide a higher level of protection.

  • Aktürk Drake, Memet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism. Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Hur bra har den svenska integrationskontexten varit på att främja balanserad tvåspråkighet?2018In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 107-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how good the Swedish integration context has been at promoting balanced bilingualism among adult children of Turkish immigrants. Balanced bilingualism has been one of the goals of Sweden’s multicultural language policy. An extensive comparison with corresponding groups in Rotterdam and Berlin is also presented. The data come from 430 participants in the project The Integration of the European Second Generation, of whom 133 resided in Stockholm. Balanced bilingualism is defined on the basis of the participants’ self-assessed speaking and writing skills in Turkish and their respective second languages. The results show that only a minority of the second-generation Turks were balanced bilinguals in Stockholm, which constituted the lowest rate among the cities. At the same time, the Stockholm group displayed the highest skill levels in the second language among the three cities. The analysis points out that the inclusive multi-ethnic context in Stockholm had a positive effect on second-language skills, while the Turkish group’s relatively small size and concentration coupled with the deficient implementation of mother-tongue instruction had a negative effect on Turkish skills. The other cities’ more segregated and enclavelike integration contexts seem instead to better promote Turkish skills and thereby to lead to a higher occurrence of balanced bilingualism. 

  • Sandahl, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Geografi som medborgarbildning2018In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 98-108Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår samtid erbjuder stora utmaningar inför framtiden. Frågor om naturresurser, migration, segregering och inte minst allt mer ansträngda ekologiska gränser för vår planet är bara några av de stora och osäkra frågor som vår tid måste handskas med. Dessa frågor och många andra angelägna utmaningar ligger inom geografiämnets domän och geografiämnet har därmed en särskilt viktig funktion i att erbjuda eleverna såväl holistiska perspektiv som fördjupade kunskaper där de kan utveckla sitt rumsliga medvetande i en globaliserad värld. Men utmaningarna möts inte bara med kunskap. Lika viktigt är deras engagemang för världen omkring dem och viljan och modet att använda kunskaperna för att aktivt delta i det medborgerliga livet. Att utveckla elevernas kunskaper, attityder och förmågor för att delta och agera som aktiva och ansvariga medborgare under och efter sin skoltid kan beskrivas som medborgarbildning (Campbell, 2012; Sandahl, 2015). Centralt för denna medborgarbildning är handlingskompetens, det vill säga en förmåga att göra väl underbyggda och medvetna val, både veta vad som ska och kan göras, färdighet att kunna göra det och veta varför. I den här texten kommer jag att argumentera för en geografiundervisning med ett tydligt mål: att skapa handlingskomptenta elever som tror på sin framtid samtidigt som undervisningen är ärlig med problemens komplexitet.

  • Megyesi, Beáta
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics and Philology, Uppsala University.
    Granstedt, Lena
    Department of Language Studies, Umeå University.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism.
    Rosén, Dan
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Schenström, Carl-Johan
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Sundberg, Gunlög
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism.
    Wirén, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Volodina, Elena
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Learner Corpus Anonymization in the Age of GDPR: Insights from the Creation of a Learner Corpus of Swedish2018In: Proceedings of 7th Workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning at SLTC 2018, Linköping, Sweden, 2018, p. 47-56Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the status of learner corpus anonymization for the ongoing research infrastructure project SweLL. The main project aim is to deliver and make available for research a well-annotated corpus of essays written by second language (L2) learners of Swedish. As the practice shows, annotation of learner texts is a sensitive process demanding a lot of compromises between ethical and legal demands on the one hand, and research and technical demands, on the other. Below, is a concise description of the current status of pseudonymization of language learner data to ensure anonymity of the learners, with numerous examples of the above-mentioned compromises.

  • Rosén, Dan
    et al.
    banken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Wirén, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Volodina, Elena
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Error Coding of Second-Language Learner Texts Based on Mostly Automatic Alignment of Parallel Corpora2018In: Proceedings of CLARIN Annual Conference 2018 / [ed] Inguna Skadina, Maria Eskevich, 2018, p. 181-184Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Error coding of second-language learner text, that is, detecting, correcting and annotating errors, is a cumbersome task which in turn requires interpretation of the text to decide what the errors are. This paper describes a system with which the annotator corrects the learner text by editing it prior to the actual error annotation. During the editing, the system automatically generates a parallel corpus of the learner and corrected texts. Based on this, the work of the annotator consists of three independent tasks that are otherwise often conflated in error coding: correcting the learner text, repairing inconsistent alignments, and performing the actual error annotation.

  • Löfstedt, Natalie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Hovgårdsgravfältet på Adelsö: En analys av gravfältets relation till Birkas kungsgård2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bursac, Vesna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    "Jag vakna upp och va Suedi": En studie om identitet och grupptillhörighet i svensk hiphop2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hiphop har under en längre tid fungerat som ett forum för individer att utrycka sitt motstånd mot politiska åtaganden samtidigt som det har fungerat som ett forum där olika identiteter skapas och uttrycks. Tidigare studier har bland annat visat att hiphop skildrar ämnen som rasism, etnicitet och kultur, någonting som i många fall ligger som grund till förtryck. Med utgångspunkt i det intersektionella perspektivet som belyser hur samhällets maktstrukturer formas och upprätthålls undersöker denna studie hur kategorierna etnicitet, hudfärg, kultur, klass och språk utrycks och förmedlas i samtida svensk hiphop. Studien syftar på att undersöka hur eventuella intersektioner som uppstår mellan dessa kategorier sammanfaller med identitetsskapande och utanförskap. För att undersöka hur detta kommer till uttryck anläggas en kritisk diskursanalys på tre svenska hiphoplåtar skapade av fyra aktuella artister i Sverige. Resultatet visar att den svenska hiphopen gestaltar olika typer av samhällshierarkier där kategorierna etnicitet, hudfärg, kultur, klass och språk ligger till grund för dessa. Det påvisades även att ens identitet är beroende av omgivningens syn på dessa kategorier samt deras roll i samhället, vilket kan leda till känslor av utanförskap. I det utanförskapet som utsatta individer upplever finnas i samhället blir hiphop en accepterande gemenskap där olika identiteter tillåts ta plats.

  • Miething, Alexander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Rostila, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Edling, Christofer
    Lund University.
    Rydgren, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Peer Context of Dieting: The Relationship between Young Adults’ Dieting Frequency and Their Friends’ Weight-Related Characteristics2018In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, no 12, article id 2744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research found that weight-related behaviors and body weight tends to be similar between individuals and peers. Rather little is known how different domains of weight-related behaviors co-evolve in peer networks. Hence, this study explores how young adults’ self-reported dieting relates to perceived body weight and weight control behaviors of their peers. A Swedish two-wave panel survey with ego-centric network data was analyzed with negative binomial regression models. Nineteen-year-old men and women in the first wave, and 23-year-olds in the follow-up sample were examined. Men at age 19 showed an increased dieting propensity when being exposed to underweight peers. Compared to men, women’s dieting at age 19 was more strongly related to their own body image concerns, and peers’ weight-related behaviors like physical exercising and unhealthy eating. The associations between dieting and peers’ weight-related characteristics for men and women deteriorated from age 19 to age 23. The findings suggest that women’s dieting—in comparison to dieting in men—is more strongly related to the peer context. The decrease in associations between men’s and women’s dieting and peers’ weight-related characteristics from age 19 to age 23 may reflect a weakened importance of the peer context in early adulthood.

  • Rönn, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    "Att bli sedd är att finnas": En studie om den involverade, men ofta bortprioriterade anhörige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Helgesson, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Mörte Alling, AnnikaLindqvist, YvonneStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.Wulff, HelenaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    World Literatures: Exploring the Cosmopolitan-Vernacular Exchange2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Placing itself within the burgeoning field of world literary studies, the organising principle of this book is that of an open-ended dynamic, namely the cosmopolitan-vernacular exchange.

    As an adaptable comparative fulcrum for literary studies, the notion of the cosmopolitan-vernacular exchange accommodates also highly localised literatures. In this way, it redresses what has repeatedly been identified as a weakness of the world literature paradigm, namely the one-sided focus on literature that accumulates global prestige or makes it on the Euro-American book market.

    How has the vernacular been defined historically? How is it inflected by gender? How are the poles of the vernacular and the cosmopolitan distributed spatially or stylistically in literary narratives? How are cosmopolitan domains of literature incorporated in local literary communities? What are the effects of translation on the encoding of vernacular and cosmopolitan values?

    Ranging across a dozen languages and literature from five continents, these are some of the questions that the contributions attempt to address.

  • Huang, Yue
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    BETWEEN POSTMODERNISM AND CHINESE FOLK ART: An Analysis of The Yelang Valley2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rehn, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    Uppfattningen av det gemensamma laget: En undersökning av rapporteringen i sydkoreansk press om detgemensamma damishockeylaget i vinter-OS 20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetets syfte är att undersöka hur sydkoreansk media rapporterade om det gemensamma nordsydkoreanskadamishockeylaget som deltog i vinter-OS i Pyongchang OS 2018. Studien baseras påartiklar från tre av de största tidningarna i Sydkorea, med skild politisk bakgrund under periodenjanuari-mars 2018. Innan det sammanfattas också relationerna mellan länderna i fråga och derasgemensamma sporthistoria för att ge ett tydligt perspektiv på bakgrunden till händelserna ochrapporteringen.Uppsatsen visar hur tidningarna inte skrev överväldigande positivt eller negativt. Istället varrapporteringen likartad innan OS men sedan splittrades rapporteringen över de politiska blocken. Deundersökta politiska mitten och vänster tidningarna blev mer positiva närmre spelens slut, till skillnad frånden undersökta konservativa tidningen som var fortsatt kritisk.

  • Nordqvist, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Rättsstatsprincipen i EU:s utvidgningsprocess: - om innebörden, tillämpningen och behovet av en gemensam definition2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hunt, Alex
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ogiltighet i upphandlingsrätten: Innebörd och följder vid otillåten ändring2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility to declare a contract ineffective was introduced into the field of public procurement through Directive 2007/66/EC. The Court of Justice had called illegal direct award of contracts the most serious breach of Community law in the field of public procurement. Ineffectiveness as a remedy was considered to be an efficient tool against such infringements. The aforementioned directive leaves to each EU member state to decide if the ineffectiveness of a contract implies the cancellation of only the remaining contractual obligations or whether it includes those already performed. If the former approach is chosen, other penalties should be imposed onto the contracting authority, which correlate to the performed contractual obligations. In any case, terminating a contract that has been declared ineffective shortly after it has been signed should in the majority of instances be a fairly simple process. Declaring a contract ineffective at a later stage, however, where the parties have fulfilled some or all of their commitments according to the contract, raises some interesting issues. This paper aims to investigate the meaning of contractual ineffectiveness, in particular when occurring at a later stage, in Swedish public procurement law.

  • Malm, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Människohandel: En analys av det folkrättsliga regelverkets tillräcklighet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human trafficking is the fastest growing and the third largest transnational crime. It is driven by the demand for commercial sexual services and cheap labour, and the ample supply of vulnerable people to exploit together with a prevailing system of impunity makes it a highly profitable crime. It imposes grave human rights violations upon its victims, and has devastating effects on society. A global agreement to combat human trafficking – the Palermo Protocol – was adopted by the United Nations in the year 2000. This global agreement provides a legal definition for human trafficking and requires states to take actions to prevent human trafficking, prosecute the perpetrators and protect the victims. Most states have joined this agreement and have made subsequent efforts to implement it. The Council of Europe has adopted a specific convention that even strengthens it. Despite the many efforts to combat human trafficking the number of victims continue to increase and the number of convictions remain low. Some scholars suggest it is because of the incomplete or lack of national implementations, while other scholars suggest the international legal framework is inadequate. The main purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the international legal framework is adequate to combat human trafficking, and to discuss strengthening options. It uses a classical analytical legal method that examines and analyses the most relevant international agreements. Conclusions are that the Palermo Protocol focuses mainly on prosecution, requires too little preventing and protecting measures, and has a weak compliance mechanism. Human rights treaties also address human trafficking but their weak compliance mechanisms make them ill equipped to compel states to act. To combat human trafficking, measures to prevent, prosecute and protect are all crucial, and such measures can probably best be enforced by strengthening all relevant legal areas (human rights law, labour law, migrant law, refugee law and humanitarian law) and engaging all parts of society.

  • Public defence: 2019-01-10 13:00 Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Pas Schrijver, Annemiek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Pastoralists, Mobility and Conservation: Shifting rules of access and control of grazing resources in Kenya's northern drylands2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Pastoral mobility is seen as the most effective strategy to make use of constantly shifting resources. In northern Kenya, mobile pastoralism as a highly-valued strategy to manage grazing areas and exploit resource variability is becoming more complex. Policy and project implementation has historically been driven by the imperative to secure land tenure and improve pasture in bounded areas through State-led settlement schemes. Relatively recently, increased (inter)national interests in nature and wildlife conservation on community land in the northern pastoralist regions see conservation and development as crucial and urgent requirements for stimulating economic growth and security. This study presents the case of Samburu pastoral mobility within the context of such shifting social and environmental circumstances. It focuses on changing rules of access and control of livestock resources. These transformations are analysed in the context of the large-scale establishment of community conservancies and what role these conservancies play in the actual use and transformation of space for pastoralists. Empirically, this thesis is based on a total of eighteen months fieldwork including semi-structured interviews and observations in Samburu, Isiolo and Laikipia. It demonstrates how the principal of reciprocal access to pasture between pastoralists is giving way to conditional access based on membership of more formal, territory-based institutions such as community conservancies. It further shows how access to private land may be open for negotiation through the formation of grazing arrangements, which are also used to control pastoralists’ movements beyond enclosed land. In spite of a rhetoric acknowledging the multiple benefits of livestock mobility, current policy entails a continuation of past policy and project implementation where prescriptions still revolve around conservation enclosures and settlement politics. The thesis concludes that such processes of territoriality are likely to produce unexpected and potentially disappointing outcomes, while struggle and conflict persist.

  • Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Hur kan man lära studenter att undvika plagiering?2018In: Pedagogiska ambassadörer berättar om sina utvecklingsprojekt, 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är lätt att studenter som lär sig ett främmande språk hämnar i plagiatsituationer eftersom de måste kombinera språkinlärning med kulturvetenskapliga och litterära kompetenser. De vill ha en snabb tillgång till fakta och använder ganska ofta Wikipedia för att stödja en argumentation. Projektet innehåller ett experiment där studenter i franska fick arbeta med Wikipedia källor för att diskutera deras användning. Kan man stödja en källkritisk förmåga i en kurs på ett främmande språk? 

  • Jonsson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    Shah, Dhananjay
    All that money: The question of whether foreign aid is effective or affective continues to be relevant2018In: E-ISSN 1563-9770, no November 26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    The United Nations Development Programme and the Two Koreas2017In: International Journal of Korean Studies, ISSN 1091-2932, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 35-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    Outcomes of the 2018 Inter-Korean and North Korea-United States Summits: August 30, Commentary2018Other (Other academic)
  • Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    What is the Significance of the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics?: March 15, Commentary2018Other (Other academic)