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  • Public defence: 2017-10-13 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Chudnovskaya, Margarita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Higher education and family formation: A story of Swedish educational expansion2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this dissertation is trends in family formation among highly educated men and women in Sweden. The highly educated have typically differed from other educational groups in their patterns of childbearing. This has particularly been

    the case for highly educated women, who used to be in the minority among the highly educated and who were much more likely to be childless than other women. The goal of this dissertation is to understand how the expansion of higher education has transformed  the formation of childbearing unions among the highly educated group. The context for the dissertation is the dramatic expansion of higher education which has occurred in Sweden over the last half century. As the share of cohorts graduating from post-secondary education has grown, diversity among the highly educated has also increased. This dissertation draws upon rich Swedish administrative register data to answer questions about changes in the behavior of the highly educated group, as well as emerging stratification within the group. This dissertation consists of five studies and an introductory chapter.

    In Study 1, we examine changes in geographical distances between young couples and their parents. We find that among younger cohorts, generations live further apart. The expansion of higher education contributes to these distances, though the introduction of regional colleges has mediated the impact of educational expansion to some extent. In Study 2, we consider how effective colleges are as partner markets. We follow one birth cohort (1970), and examine the likelihood that they form a childbearing union with someone who attended the same university at the same time. We find that colleges are an important potential meeting place for childbearing partners, and examine how the likelihood of partnering with a fellow student is related to the college composition.

    In Study 3, I assess changes in partner choice among the highly educated, by comparing the likelihood that highly

    educated men and women born in 1940-2, 1950-2, 1960-2, and 1970-2 form a childbearing union, and whether they do

    so with a highly or a lower educated partner. I find that female graduates are much more likely to enter unions, and to

    “partner down”. Men’s likelihood of forming a childbearing union hasn’t changed across cohorts, but men from later cohorts are much more likely to find a highly educated partner than men from earlier cohorts. I show that partnership outcomes for graduates are related to social class background, university experience (degree length and institution type), and post-graduation income. In Study 4, we study unions with at least one highly educated partner, including men and women born in 1950-2, 1960-2, 1970-2, and 1980-2. We examine the extent to which educational (in)equality is mirrored in other measures of status such as social class background, income, and occupational prestige. We conclude that although the number of women “partnering down” in terms of education has increased dramatically, these unions are not necessarily characterized by female status-dominance more generally. In Study 5, I focus on highly educated men who do not form any childbearing union, studying men born in the years 1945-1974. I find that the consistent levels of childlessness among highly educated men may best be explained by changes in the composition of graduates in terms of field of study and post-graduation income.

  • Stormo Scheie, Karianne Eugenie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    El uso de la cortesía en las tertulias televisivas: Un análisis contrastivo entre una tertulia chilena y otra española2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El objetivo principal de este trabajo es realizar un análisis contrastivo sobre un corpus de dos entrevistas de tertulias televisivas, una chilena llamada Más Vale Tarde y otra española que se llama Late Motiv. Investigaremos la estructura secuencial del habla, siguiendo la metodología del Análisis de la Conversación y el uso de cortesía basándonos en la teoría de la imagen pública (face) y la distinción cultural basada en la cortesía entre culturas de acercamiento y de distanciamiento.

    Nuestra hipótesis es que el sistema secuencial del habla del programa chileno Más Vale Tarde se inclinaría más hacia el discurso institucional con una alternancia de turnos predeterminada y que el sistema secuencial del habla del programa español Late Motiv se inclinaría más hacia el discurso conversacional de turnos no predeterminados. Además, sostendríamos que el conductor español Andreu Buenafuente utilizaría más estrategias que son representativos de la cultura de acercamiento, mientras que el conductor chileno Álvaro Escobar utilizaría más estrategias que son característicos de la cultura de distanciamiento.

    Los resultados revelaron que nuestra hipótesis se corroboró parcialmente: por un lado, el conductor español utilizó más cortesía valorizante, hubo una mayor diversidad de los mecanismos valorizantes, hubo intervenciones solapadas y el sistema secuencial se caracterizó por cotidianidad; por otro lado, el presentador chileno utilizó más cortesía mitigadora, hubo mayor diversidad de las formas de atenuación y el sistema secuencial indicó más formalidad. No obstante, hubo una diferencia mínima entre la cantidad de intervenciones solapadas y el resultado contrario a la hipótesis es que hubo mayor frecuencia de intervenciones colaborativas en la entrevista chilena, ambas características representativas de la cultura de acercamiento. 

  • Jobarteh, Aida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    The Back Way To Europe & Everything in Between: A Study of Migration Culture in The Gambia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crossing the Sahara to reach Libya for the purpose of onward migration across the Mediterranean to Italy is what in Gambia is called “The Back Way”. The aim of this study is to examine the ambitions and reasons behind a migratory project from The Gambia to Europe. By identifying the key constituents of a migration culture, I can get a broader insight into why the celebration of migration is evident, and how the ‘story of Europe’ is shaped. I have interviewed Gambians who are geographically in different places and who all find themselves in different life trajectories, most of them connected to migration. My conversations about migration, “The Back Way” and Europe stretches from interviews with repatriates, aspiring migrants and non-migrants. I have also interviewed Gambians in the Diaspora. In this study, I found a strong societal expectation and hope towards both migration and the diaspora which in return caused certain diasporic behavior that painted a misleading picture of Europe. I also found a strong hope and resilient aspirations in terms of social status and recognition believed to be attained easier as a migrant coming back from Europe.

  • Ljunggren Forsberg, Vilma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    EN HANDELSVARA I FEMINISTKLÄDER: En studie av feminism inom mode som exempel på reifikation.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to establish a marxist perspective upon a phenomena that could be seen as typical neoliberalfemvertising. I have noticed an expanding trend in fashion; the use of feminism as branding. Fashion brands such as Dior and H&M have lately profiled themselves with feminism, framing it as radical as well as feminist. Meanwhile, the theory of reification by Georg Lukács claims that capitalism fools us to believe that we may acccomplish human aims and characteristics through commodities. I will investigate if it is possible to look upon this phenomena as an example of reification? The attempt brings the capitalistic dimension of femvertising into daylight and questions it´s feminist pretense. 

  • Jilkén, Olle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Fiskmannen, Myten, Legenden: En studie om manliga sjöjungfrur ur ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the representation of the male equivalent of the mermaid - the merman - in illustrations. The paper relies on a theoretical framework of gender studies, queer theory, masculinity studies and previous studies of the mermaid including psychoanalysis and folkloric studies. The paper focuses on four different representations of the merman: The Pin-up, The Romantic Couple, The Fish Boy and The Elderly Merman. Each type is examined by their portrayal of gender, sexuality, masculinity, the gendered gazes in the picture and the intertextual relation to mermaid mythology, folklore and research. The paper concludes that the illustrations of the merman are shaped by a polarized gender norm. The different representations show a wide range of implicit looks, sexualities and various ways in how they relate to the mermaid myth. Some strategies implemented in the pictures imply that the male body still resists an objectified position. The sexualized merman follows the beauty ideals for the western man in mainstream media since the 1980’s where whiteness, muscles, youth and sensitivity are prioritized. The mermen that do not follow this ideal is pictured as frightening and/or asexual. All mermen have in common that they are feminized and exoticized due to their close connection to nature. 

  • Birging, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Kroppslig beredskap och känslomässigt avstånd i omsorgsyrket: Tre kvinnliga omsorgsarbetares erfarenheter av förkroppsligat emotionellt arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att anlägga ett feministiskt fenomenologiskt perspektiv på kvinnliga omsorgsarbetares levda erfarenhet av att arbeta med kroppen på andra kroppar, och därmed undersöka informanternas erfarenhet av gränsdragning och arbetets påverkan på den egna kroppen. Omsorgsarbetet innefattar komplexa kroppsliga och känslomässiga arbetsuppgifter, och arbetets höga risk för skada utgör den främsta anledningen till att arbetare funderar på att lämna yrket (Stranz, 2013, s. 176). Genom semistrukturerade djupintervjuer med tre kvinnor med erfarenhet av omsorgsarbete, samt en analys av dessa utifrån feministisk fenomenologi och den sociologiska termen body work, visar undersökningen att informanterna utför förkroppsligat emotionellt arbete. Arbetet ställer krav på att kunna förkroppsliga flera motsägelsefulla roller, och detta tycks försvåras när informanterna ser sig sedda som någonting annat än som professionell omsorgsarbetare. För informanterna är en central strategi för att etablera distans till arbetet att förkroppsliga professionalitet. Uppsatsens slutsats är att omsorgsarbetet genererar materialiserade effekter på informanternas levda kroppar; inte bara i form av observerbara skador utan också genom att påverka själva relationen mellan kroppen och jaget. Omsorgsarbetet tycks påverka hur vi rör oss, hur vi förstår våra kroppar, hur vi använder dem och hur vi sätter gränser runt och med dem. 

  • Beskow, Moa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Slusseländet: En etnologisk studie av föreställningar kopplade till Slussen utifrån två ombyggnationer under tidsperioderna 1850-1935 samt 1990-2015.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mattus, Linnéa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "oj det trodde jag inte om dig": En undersökning av tjejers attityder och erfarenheter av jämställdhet kopplat till kön inom KTH:s Maskinteknikutbildning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker attityder och erfarenheter av jämställdhet kopplat till kön bland kvinno-identifierade studenter inom en teknisk utbildning. Genom kvalitativ intervjumetod och en tematisk analysmetod visar intervjudeltagarna på en manligt dominerad kultur i form av språk och praktiker samt mönster av homosocialt beteende. Grundat i organisationsteori och teori kring heterosocialitet visar studien på olika strategier och förhållningssätt som tjejer på utbildningen kan ta sig an i form av heterosocialt beteende, tystnad, anpassning men även bejakande av kvinnliga sammanslutningar, motstånd och ifrågasättningar. Erfarenheterna som uppsatsen grundar sig på visar även på mönster av olika normer kopplat till kön som studenterna möter och därmed måste förhålla sig till. Utifrån socialpsykologins teorier om begreppen roll och identitet belyser uppsatsens analys hur olika rollinträdesprocesser möjliggörs eller begränsas beroende på de rådande normerna. Uppsatsens resultat visar hur jämställdhetsarbete har potential för förändring men att kultur och dominerande handlingsmönster är djupt cementerade och speglar samhällets normer. I förhållande till idén om normativ jämställdhet påvisar uppsatsens diskussion dock potential för normbrytande processer. I förhållande till de rådande normerna belyser uppsatsen en möjlighet för normkritiskt pedagogik för att föra arbetet framåt. Baserat på uppsatsens slutsatser, diskussion, samt vidare forskningsområden råder goda möjligheter för KTH:s vidare jämställdhetsarbete. 

  • Mörner, Ellinor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Konsumtionsprincipens förhållande till anspråk i en licenstagares konkurs2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Pucek, Alfred
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ramvattendirektivet, Weserdomen och den fysiska planeringen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Försvararens privata brottsutredningar: med särskilt fokus på privata DNA-analyser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hallqvist, Christoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Begränsad avdragsrätt för ränta på vissa skulder - i strid med EU-rätten?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2017-10-12 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Abdelhamid, Hani Nasser
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lanthanide Metal-Organic Frameworks and Hierarchical Porous Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the synthesis, properties, and applications of two important classes of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); lanthanide MOFs and hierarchical porous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs). The materials have been characterized using a wide range of techniques including diffraction, imaging, various spectroscopic techniques, gas sorption, dynamical light scattering (DLS) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).

    In Chapter 1, the unique features of MOFs and ZIFs as well as their potential applications are summarized. In Chapter 2, different characterization techniques are presented.

    Chapter 3 describes a family of new isoreticular lanthanide MOFs synthesized using tri-topic linkers of different sizes, H3L1-H3L4, denoted SUMOF-7I-IV (Ln) (SU; Stockholm University, Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd, Paper I). The SUMOF-7I-III (Ln) contain permanent pores and exhibit exceptionally high thermal and chemical stability. The luminescence properties of SUMOF-7IIs are reported (Paper II). The influences of Ln ions and the tri-topic linkers as well as solvent molecules on the luminescence properties are investigated. Furthermore, the potential of SUMOF-7II (La) for selective sensing of Fe (III) ions and the amino acid tryptophan is demonstrated (Paper III). 

    Chapter 4 presents a simple, fast and scalable approach for the synthesis of hierarchical porous zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-8 and ZIF-67 using triethylamine (TEA)-assisted approach (Paper IV). Organic dye molecules and proteins are encapsulated directly into the ZIFs using the one-pot method. The photophysical properties of the dyes are improved through the encapsulation into ZIF-8 nanoparticles (Paper IV). The porosity and surface area of the ZIF materials can be tuned using the different amounts of dye or TEA. To further simplify the synthesis of hierarchical porous ZIF-8, a template-free approach is presented using sodium hydroxide, which at low concentrations induces the formation of zinc hydroxide nitrate nanosheets that serve as in situ sacrificial templates (Chapter 5, Paper V). A 2D leaf-like ZIF (ZIF-L) is also obtained using the method. The hierarchical porous ZIF-8 and ZIF-L show good performance for CO2 sorption.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-13 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Ojwang, Dickson Odhiambo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Prussian blue analogue copper hexacyanoferrate: Synthesis, structure characterization and its applications as battery electrode and CO2 adsorbent2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Prussian blue (PB) and Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) are compounds with potential applications in a large variety of fields such as gas storage, poison antidotes, electrochromism, electrochemistry and molecular magnets. The compounds are easy to synthesize, cheap, environmentally friendly and have been pursued for both fundamental research and industrial purposes. Despite the multifunctionality of PB and PBAs, they have complicated compositions, which are largely dependent on the synthesis methods and storage conditions. Thus, performing investigations on such compounds with defined composition, stoichiometry and crystal structure is essential.

    This thesis has focused on synthesis and detailed structure characterization of copper hexacyanoferrate (CuHCF) via X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), neutron powder diffraction (NPD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), Mössbauer spectroscopy, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), infrared (IR) and Raman techniques. In addition, kinetics of thermal dehydration process, CO2 adsorption and CO2 adsorption kinetics were investigated. Moreover, in operando synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments were performed to gain insight into the structure-electrochemistry relationships in an aqueous CuHCF/Zn battery during operation.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-11 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Peng, Fei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Structure determination of beam sensitive crystals by rotation electron diffraction: the impact of sample cooling2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electron crystallography is complementary to X-ray crystallography. Single crystal X-ray diffraction requires the size of a crystal to be larger than about 5 × 5 × 5 μm3 while a TEM allows a million times smaller crystals being studied. This advantage of electron crystallography has been used to solve new structures of small crystals. One method which has been used to collect electron diffraction data is rotation electron diffraction (RED) developed at Stockholm University. The RED method combines the goniometer tilt and beam tilt in a TEM to achieve 3D electron diffraction data. Using a high angle tilt sample holder, RED data can be collected to cover a tilt range of up to 140o

    Here the crystal structures of several different compounds have been determined using RED. The structure of needle-like crystals on the surface of NiMH particles was solved as La(OH)2. A structure model of metal-organic layers has been built based on RED data. A 3D MOF structure was solved from RED data. Two halide perovskite structures and two newly synthesized aluminophosphate structures were solved. For those beam sensitive crystals characterized here, sample cooling down to -170oC was used to reduce the beam damage. The low temperature not only reduces electron beam damage, but also keeps the structure more stable in the high vacuum in a TEM and improves the quality of the diffraction data. It is shown that cooling can improve the resolution of diffraction data for MOFs and zeolites, for samples undergoing phase changes at low temperature, the data quality could be worse by cooling. In summary, cooling can improve the ED data quality as long as the low temperature does not trigger structural changes. 

  • Public defence: 2017-10-11 13:00 Stora hörsalen, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm
    Odhammar, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Möten i psykodynamisk barnpsykoterapi: Förväntningar, samspel och förändring2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to increase the knowledge of courses and processes of change prior to and during psychodynamic child psychotherapy with parallel parent contact. The dissertation examines parents’ and psychotherapists’ stated goals and expectations prior to the child’s psychotherapy, processes of change focusing on the psychotherapeutic encounter between child and psychotherapist, and outcome gauged by standardized measures compared to experienced change regarding the child’s problems. This dissertation also wants to examine different instruments for describing the psychotherapeutic process. Data was collected from systematic case studies, at different times during the course of psychotherapy, with material from different sources, such as child psychiatric assessment before and after conducted psychotherapy, questionnaires, and video taping of therapy sessions. By examining the therapeutic encounter from the perspectives of child, parent and psychotherapist, an image of psychotherapy, which illustrates the complexity of the psychotherapeutic process, was created. The thesis is based on three articles: Study I examines parents’ and psychotherapists’ goals and expectations prior to psychotherapy. Study II is a close study of a video-taped individual therapy, in which the interaction between child and therapist is examined with the rating instrument Child Psychotherapy Q-set (CPQ), the psychotherapist’s description of the psychotherapy’s process, and the self-rating instrument Feeling Word Checklist (FWC-24). Study III examines change in global functioning ability after child psychotherapy. By examining several psychotherapies in order to construct qualitative understanding of low and high change, respectively, in rated global functioning, limitations in the rating instrument Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) are analyzed. The results point to: 1. The need for a culture of cooperation between family and the one conducting the treatment, where goals are formulated together and in accordance with the family’s frame of reference and life experiences, which can increase the possibility of creating positive expectations, and of adapting treatment to the family in question. 2. Different methods of examining psychotherapy reflect and complete the image of the psychotherapy process. 3. The psychotherapy process’s complexity and the difficulty in describing the effect of therapy with simple measurements or remaining psychiatric symptoms. Positive change in several areas, such as the child experiencing increased independence, gets access to more positive affections, has improved self-esteem and a more optimistic idea of the future, could be described as psychological phenomena and can be difficult to encompass with narrow psychiatric terminology. 4. The intersubjectivity between child and psychotherapist appears essential. The therapist’s attitude and interventions are characterized by creating a steady therapeutic framework for exploring the child’s problems. 5.  The importance of the therapist’s meta-competence, i.e., overarching competencies that psychotherapists need to use to guide any intervention, what interventions to use, and when they are suitable. 

  • Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Symboliskt kapital2017In: Nyckelbegrepp i socialantropologin, 42-44 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Bourdieus konstruktion av begreppet symboliskt kapital ingår ett centralt element som synliggör att det slags fenomen som symboliskt kapital söker ringa in – att någon specifik tillgång eller egenskap igenkänns som värdefull och tillerkänns värde – också väsentligen misskänns (eng. misrecognition) av den aktuella gruppen, som ett av dem själva konstruerat värde. Istället uppfattas den maktform som det uppskattade och värderade ger upphov till, snarare som en fullt legitim-, d.v.s. naturlig, form av kraft, styrka, utstrålning och överordning. Det gör att denna typ av social makt utövas under andra premisser än exempelvis ekonomiskt/materiell makt, eftersom det eventuella egenintresset och strategiska kalkylerandet för att ackumulera symboliskt kapital som maktresurs, blir mer osynligt genom just sin uppfattade ”naturlighet”. Häri ligger ett slags förnekelse och kollektivt självbedrägeri som kan vara närmast avgörande för gruppens hierarkiska stabilitet och sociala ordning.

  • Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Habitus2017In: Nyckelbegrepp i socialantropologin, 17-18 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    HABITUS (latin, ”vana” och ”utseende”; etymologiskt härlett från habere: att ha, hålla, äga). Begreppet habitus tillämpas inom flera vetenskapliga discipliner (botanik, medicin, zoologi) och definieras som samhällsveten-skapligt begrepp kort som: system av varaktiga och överförbara dispositioner att varsebli, värdera och handla. Genom att betona praktisk kunskap –praktik – i form av invanda och förkroppsligade handlingsmönster, utgör habitusbegreppet ett alternativ till handlingsteorier grundade på människors (i huvudsak) medvetna, intentionella och målrationella handlande (se →agens; →aktör; →interaktion).

  • Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Förord 20172017In: Nyckelbegrepp i socialantropologin, 3-4 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En grundtanke bakom föreliggande uppdatering av ”Nyckelbegrepp” är att fortsättnings-vis se det som ett dokument under kontinuerlig utveckling. Ytterligare uppdaterade utgåvor kommer att publiceras i anslutning till nya läsår och terminer vid Stockholms universitet. De sjutton nya och reviderade nyckelbegrepp som publiceras i och med denna, 2017 års upplaga, smyger sig in bland den majoritet begrepp som finns kvar i texten från 1983. Vissa begrepps-artiklar författade i 1980-talets början är omisskännligt daterade. Mycket har hänt sedan dess inom antropologin, samhällsvetenskapen och inte minst den omgivande värld som vi har i upp-gift att söka förstå och förklara. En del av dessa begreppsartiklar kommer att ersättas av uppdaterade texter. Andra kommer att stå kvar enligt principen att hellre än att gallras ut finnas tillgängliga i studentpedagogiskt syfte eftersom de har ett uppenbart begrepps- och ämneshistoriskt värde.

  • Galli, Raoul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Björklund, Ulf (Creator)
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Nyckelbegrepp i socialantropologin: Ulf Björklund, Ulf Hannerz & Socialantropologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet 2017/19832017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2017-10-10 13:00 The Oskar Klein auditorium (lecture hall FR4), AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Kvorning, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Non-local behaviour from local interactions2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the discovery of the quantum Hall effect more than thirty years ago, a whole new field emerged—that of topological quantum matter. This field is now a very mature one, and many different aspects are covered in the literature. The main text of this thesis introduces the field and gives a background to topological quantum matter, as well as topological aspects of superconductivity and the Abelian fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states.

     Together with the main text there are five articles that address five different questions, all connected to topological quantum matter.

    In the first article, representative wave functions for the Abelian FQH states are calculated using conformal field theory methods. Before this paper was published, similar constructions had been restricted to flat geometries, but in this paper we generalize the analysis to the simplest curved geometry, namely the sphere. On top of being of interest for numerical studies (which usually are performed on a sphere), the response of the FQH liquids to curvature can be used to detect a topological quantity, the shift, which is the average orbital spin of the constituent electrons.

    In the second article, we construct an effective field theory for the two-dimensional spinless, chiral p-wave superconductor that faithfully describes the topological properties of the bulk state, and also provides a model for the subgap states at vortex cores and edges. In particular, it captures the topologically protected zero-modes and has the correct ground state degeneracy on the torus.

    In the third paper, tools for a hydrodynamic theory for insulators in three dimensions are derived. Specifically, we use functional bosonization to write insulators as a condensation phase of the U(1) gauge theory obtained in the functional bosonization language.

    In the fourth paper, we investigate the edge Majorana modes in the two-dimensional chiral p-wave superconductor. We define the model on surfaces with different geometries—the annulus, the cylinder, the Möbius band, and a cone—and with different configurations of magnetic flux threading holes in these surfaces. In particular, we address the following question: Given that, in the absence of magnetic flux, the ground state on the annulus does not support Majorana modes, while the one on the cylinder does, how is it possible that the conical geometry can interpolate smoothly between the two?

    In the fifth and last article, we demonstrate that two-dimensional chiral superconductors on curved surfaces spontaneously develop magnetic flux. We propose this geo-Meissner effect as an unequivocal signature of chiral superconductivity that could be observed in layered materials under stress. We also employ the effect to explain some puzzling questions related to the location of Majorana modes.

     

  • Parra Rosales, Luz Paula
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Hernández, Mara
    Cabildeo Ciudadano y Democrácia en México: Diez anos de sociedad civil e incidencia efectiva2017 (ed. Instituto Belisario Dominguez del Senado de la República)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    Este libro presenta 10 casos de incidencia de la sociedad civil en la construcción de acuerdos legislativos multipartidarios, los cuales ilustran el aporte de esta esfera de la sociedad a la calidad de la democracia, así como buenas prácticas de cabildeo ciudadano. En conjunto, los casos documentados dan cuenta de una sociedad civil eficaz y profesional en sus esfuerzos por incidir en la agenda legislativa y la muestran como una esfera ciudadana fluida y multiforme, donde los actores se reparten roles, son capaces de improvisar y adoptan distintas formas organizativas en función de amenazas y oportunidades del contexto. Además de su efectividad, los casos ejemplifican la legitimidad que alcanza la sociedad civil cuando pera en razón de su capacidad de organizarse en redes de colaboración voluntaria, independiente del Estado y del mercado, para identificar y proponer soluciones legislativas a los problemas públicos. Esta capacidad y orientación pública es la base de la legitimidad de su actuación. Cuando logra tanto efectividad como legitimidad, el cabildeo ciudadano se diferencia claramente del cabildeo tradicional para construir una valiosa aportación a la calidad de nuestra democracia desde múltiples dimensiones.

  • Johansson Moberg, John Leo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “Now is the winter of our discontent”: The Uncanny History of Richard III2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will use Sigmund Freud’s essay “The Uncanny” to analyse William Shakespeare’s play Richard III. It will be argued that, although the play predates the ideas of Freud, it makes use of several elements of the uncanny to set the scene or to enhance imagery. With the goal to reveal such aspects of the play, a number of specific topics and ideas will be discussed and examined. The dreams of the play will be interpreted; Richard III is noteworthy for its reliance on dreams to replace the supernatural elements often used by Shakespeare, but the very nature of the dreams calls that into question—as they seem prophetic.

    The roles of women, and Richard’s own “femininity”, will be examined. While the men dream, women speak curses that, eventually, appear to come true. The doubling of characters, historical events and devices like dreams and curses will also be looked into—all to find the uncanny core of the play’s narrative.

    A large part of that narrative involves political manoeuvring, and the psychology of Richard as he goes about achieving his goals before conscience causes his downfall. Both will be analysed with the help of close readings, psychological research and comparisons to Niccolò Machiavelli’s ideas. In the end, the full extent of the uncanny impact on the play should be revealed with an explanation of how the individual aspects of the play come together, and how the reversals of Richard makes him seem uncanny both to fellow characters and audiences.

    Keywords: Richard III; William Shakespeare; history; the uncanny; Sigmund Freud.

  • Al Ansari-Imad, Ali
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    A quantitative study on the application and comprehension of English connectors by Swedish L2 learners of English in upper secondary schools2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on L2 learners of English in Swedish upper secondary schools and their ability to comprehend and use connectors in a multiple-choice cloze procedure. Connectors are used in text to signal the text structure and make explicit the relation between text segments. A study by Geva (1992) suggests that with an increased proficiency, learners also improve their ability to comprehend text relations and the use of connectors. The present study applies the suggestions of Geva’s results in a Swedish context. English in Swedish upper secondary schools, is taught at three levels (designated English 5, 6, 7) with increasing difficulty and proficiency level requirements. This study tests the ability to comprehend the context and use the correct connector on pupils in the two mandatory courses (English 5 & 6). Similar to previous studies, the aim is to investigate the relationship between levels of English and the ability to use connectors. This empirical survey investigates the English 5 & 6 pupils’ success in applying the appropriate connector in relation to the level of English they are placed in, in order to analyze whether there is any perceived development, as is presupposed by the English curriculum. Furthermore, the study also aims to analyze what type of connectors the pupils excel at or struggle with and any factors that might affect pupils’ performance. The test consisted of three categories: adversative (6 questions), additive (5 questions), and causal connectors (4 questions), a total of 15 questions, with one point being awarded for each correct response. The results of the two groups were similar and a subsequent t-test revealed that there was no statistical significance between the two groups in any of the categories. This suggests that in the sample which was tested there is no proficiency increase in terms of connectors and comprehending inter-/intrasentential relationships. Furthermore, the results indicate that the pupils are more likely to correctly select the appropriate adversative and causal connectors, but struggled in selecting the additive connectors.

    Keywords: connectors, comprehension, intrasentential & intersentential relationships, teaching, coherence, cohesion

  • Stacey, Bibi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Can minority languages survive around English?: An investigation into family language policy in the UK2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Family language policy (FLP) focusses on how languages are dealt with within the home; typically how languages are used and how they are maintained or promoted by family members. The present study investigates families living in the UK, where one parent is a native English speaker, and the other a native speaker of another language, the minority language. By use of a mixed-methods design, utilising questionnaires, interviews and logs, this paper answers the questions: what are the reported language practices of children and parents in bi- or multilingual families, what ideologies about FLP do parents in these families possess and what strategies do families reportedly employ in their homes. Through a nexus analysis approach, the paper establishes connections between the historical bodies, the interaction orders and the DIP of the families in order to account for their language behaviours in the home. The nexus analysis suggests that although parents show positive attitudes towards minority language use, it is the macro-level societal factors that are most powerful in determining language use within the home. That is, space plays an important role in choice of language practices. This finding suggests that children need more minority language exposure outside the home, therefore this paper suggests that the UK government could promote and encourage minority language maintenance through the implementation of language policy. 

  • Jebeli, Mojgan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Metaphors and Cultural Imprints: A comparative study of Persian and English Metaphors in Jamalzadeh's 'Roast Goose' and Maugham's 'The Luncheon'2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main goal of this study is to identify conceptual metaphors in two genetically distinct languages, namely Iranian Persian and British English, analyze their domains and attempt to detect possible cultural impacts on their construction. Although there are a good number of studies on the relationship between metaphor and culture in some languages, there appears to be a limited number of comparative studies on different languages with culturally distinct contexts and their metaphors. In an attempt to investigate the cultural imprints on metaphor, this thesis has a special focus on metaphors applied in two Persian and English short stories. ‘Roast Goose’ by M.A. Jamalzadeh and ‘The Luncheon’ by W.S. Maugham are two well-known near contemporary short stories, which are subject to our study. The two emotions of anxiety and greed, as the most dominant subjects of metaphorical expressions in these stories, are identified following MIP (Metaphor Identification Procedure) and the concepts involved in the construction of their underlying conceptual metaphors will be analyzed based on Kövecses’s (2010a) method. The thesis presents a conceptual approach within a cognitive linguistic perspective to pinpoint metaphors and the stories behind them in these two literal texts. 

  • Johansson, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Use of English Prepositions in Swedish Schools: A survey study on language transfer effects on Swedish EFL learners in a Swedish upper secondary school2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical study investigates how English as a foreign language (EFL) learners in Swedish upper secondary schools succeed in their use of English prepositions. EFL learners in Sweden today represent a multitude of nationalities and ethnic groups with many different first languages (L1); therefore, English teaching could be subject to change in order to adapt to the new situation. The study is based on an online survey given to pupils taking “English 7” at upper secondary schools in Stockholm. The study aims to find patterns in how pupils with Swedish as their L1 handle English prepositions and use a control group consisting of pupils with another L1 in a comparative analysis based on language transfer. A teacher of English at the respondents’ school was interviewed to elicit teaching methodology and how they use the language diversity in the classroom when teaching prepositions. Even though it was hypothesised that negative language transfer was a factor, the analysis of the focus group shows that negative language transfer from Swedish did not inhibit the focus group’s ability to choose prepositions compared to the control group in the given context. In contrast, positive transfer from Swedish as an L1 contributed to a substantial increase in success rate. However, no clear connection could be made to teaching methodology as the interviewed teacher did not have any specific method for dealing with prepositions and mainly treated teaching prepositions implicitly. Furthermore, the interviewed teacher did not use language diversity in classroom as a tool for learning.

  • Kabous, Mariam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Who is called a terrrorist?: An investigation of the use of the term terrorist2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of the words terrorist and terrorismhave changed from before 9/11 until today, and how it is being used presently, and finally ifthe use of the word is different depending on the ethnicity of the person who commits the act.The data for this study was gathered through articles published in The Guardian and SVTNyheter, and also through Google Ngram corpus and academic discourse. Google Ngramviewer is an online search engine that collects data about all the printed sources searched forbetween the years of 1500 and 2008.The study adopts a comparative approach which meansthat the articles with the most similar content, and only difference of ethnicity of the attackers,are being compared. The results suggest that there has indeed been a change in the use of theterm. Terrorism is today being used more frequently and as has been shown, commonly todescribe a person of Middle Eastern origin.

  • Bradstreet, Tom
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Blind Injustice: J. M. Coetzee and the Misapprehension of the Ecological Object2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis attempts to develop a concept of 'ecological misapprehension' by means of an object-oriented ecocritical analysis of several works by J. M. Coetzee. Noting Coetzee's profound, often overlooked interest in nonhuman, nonanimal ecological existents (on the one hand), and his neomodernist propensity to interrogate the viability of signification (on the other), I argue that his works repeatedly gesture towards an ontological reality of ecological objects that is necessarily extratextual. I further argue that if human ‘readers’—both of and within Coetzee’s fiction—are inextricably entangled within modes of discourse by which meaning is made of those objects, the encounter between human subject and ecological object always takes place across a discursive threshold best understood in terms of the ‘irreducible gap’ that object-oriented ontology identifies between an object’s being and its perception. This gap problematises our apprehension of the ecological object as such, thus rendering ecological misapprehension inevitable—and, by extension, demanding that we remain attuned to the character, density, or degree of our propensity to misapprehend. Variants of this dynamic—and its troubling ramifications—are illuminated by means of close readings of a range of Coetzee’s texts, with particular attention paid to Disgrace, Life & Times of Michael K, and the short story ‘Nietverloren’, and are subsequently compared with examples of misapprehension in the world beyond the page. By developing this concept and identifying examples of it both within and without Coetzee’s works, the thesis aims to illuminate a fundamental obstacle to productive modes of environmental thinking in the Anthropocene, to suggest the activist potential of metafiction and the postmodernist reading practices it encourages, and to reaffirm the potential social utility of literary scholarship when it is conducted with an awareness of its own tendency to misapprehend.

  • Özkan, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Academically Reading: University students’ reading habits and reported attitudes towards Academic English2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of English has increased greatly in the higher education system with universities across the world including English as part of their education programs. One of many consequences of this is that many students have to read and study in a second or foreign language, which has shown to be of difficulty for many students according to previous research. The purpose of this present study is to investigate the academic reading habits of students and explore their perceptions and attitudes towards reading academic English, and what experiences they have in relation to that. A total of 68 participants took part in this study, all recruited at Stockholm University. All participants responded to a questionnaire and interviews were conducted with four of the students. A relatively high degree of commitment was reported towards the assigned reading and a majority of the students did not perceive reading academic English as difficult and reported mostly positive attitudes about it. The results suggest that the personal interest and perception of the assigned reading is crucial and matter more for students than the target language.

  • Fernandez Almlöf, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Peloton versus Pack & Bunch: A study of French lexical borrowing in live English cycling commentary2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sport of cycling is an ever expanding global phenomenon, drawing crowds in their thousands to watch the races unfold. Its community has a distinct vocabulary, with many terms borrowed from several other languages, principally French. This study investigates the presence of French loanwords in the language of English cycling commentators, and to what extent these loanwords are used in comparison to their English equivalents. It also examines extra-linguistic factors that could affect the commentator’s choice of vocabulary, mainly the location of the race. The study investigated the language of English commentators from live broadcast of 6 different races: 2 located in English speaking countries, 2 in France, and 2 countries where neither French nor English was the native language. All utterances of French loanwords and their English counterparts were noted and collected for analysis. The findings demonstrated a clear presence of French loanwords in the language of the commentators, with a varying degree of frequency. Some loanwords were preferred over their English equivalents, whilst others were not. The location did not seem to have a significant impact on the choice of vocabulary, with the exception of the only race held outside of Europe, where the commentators demonstrated a clear preference for English terminology over French loanwords. The analysis concluded that many different extra-linguistic factors may play a role in the commentator’s choice of vocabulary.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-06 10:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Lewerentz, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Fluid-induced alteration of metasedimentary rocks in the Scottish Highlands2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fluids, mainly H2O and CO2, are released from H- and C-bearing phases during prograde metamorphism. Because of the buoyancy of these fluids, they rise within the crust towards the surface of the Earth. Metamorphic fluids take advantage of permeable horizons, shear zones, fold hinges, fractures, and are channelled into high-flux zones. Fluid fluxes for channelized fluid flow may exceed background pervasive fluxes by several orders of magnitude. Metamorphic fluids react with the surrounding rock during fluid flow, and altered zones are commonly observed adjacent to high-flux conduits. Fluid-altered rock is texturally, mineralogically, chemically, and isotopically different from rock unaffected by fluid flow. In this thesis, fluid-rock interaction is studied at two localities in the Scottish Highlands: Glen Esk and the Isle of Islay.

    Glen Esk is one of the type localities used by George Barrow (1853-1932) to propose the concept of metamorphic zones and metamorphic index minerals as an approximate determination of metamorphic grade. In several of the metamorphic zones in Glen Esk, index mineral distribution is highly dependent on proximity to veins. The occurrence of index minerals is therefore not only controlled by pressure and temperature, but also by the availability of metamorphic fluids. Evidence of a retrograde fluid flow event from the North Esk Fault is observed in Glen Esk, for which a time-averaged fluid flux of 0.0003 – 0.0126 m3∙m-2∙yr-1 is calculated. The duration of the fluid event is estimated to between 16 and 334 kyr.

    On the Isle of Islay, kyanite is observed in rocks of chlorite or lower-biotite metamorphic grade, i.e. much lower temperatures than usually associated with kyanite formation. The favoured explanation for this is retrograde infiltration of extremely high-CO2 fluids, at least locally XCO2 > 0.7, at ~340°C, which altered these rocks and stabilised kyanite in a carbonate-bearing assemblage. Oxygen and carbon stable isotope profiles across the Islay Anticline reveals highly channelized fluid flow along the axial region of this fold, with fluid:rock ratios at least four times higher than in rock farther away from the fold. Although carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of metacarbonate rocks were altered along the Islay Anticline, negative anomalies observed below and above the Port Askaig Tillite Formation cannot solely be attributed to metamorphic fluid flow, which implies that these rocks to varying degree retain their primary paleoclimatological isotopic signatures.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-06 10:00 David Magnussonsalen (U31), Stockholm
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö i välfärdssektorn: Krav i arbetet, resurser i arbetet och personliga resurser samt betydelsen av organiserade arbetsmiljöinsatser2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ experiences of the psychosocial work environment have been linked to their satisfaction, health, and well-being. In the long run, a favorable psychosocial work environment seems related to organizational quality and productivity, while a poorer psychosocial work environment may relate to the opposite. Employers, who in Sweden have the ultimate responsibility for the work environment, aim for systematic preventive efforts focusing particularly on factors of the psychosocial work environment. Additionally, individuals also form part of the psychosocial work environment, and may, through their own daily work practices contribute to creating the work environment. Based on this, the aim of this thesis is to study how psychosocial factors, in terms of demands and resources, and personal resources at work relate to health and well-being but also to investigate the effects of an organizational preventive intervention program. Specifically, job demands, job resources, and personal resources and their relations with health-related outcomes among employees of the Swedish welfare sector were investigated. Also, two versions of a newly developed intervention program focusing on psychosocial factors and personal resources were examined. This included a feasibility study of one program version offered to both employees and managers and an effect evaluation of another version offered to managers only. The results show that job resources seem to have a stronger health-promoting potential than personal resources. Moreover, the results show that while the program offered to both employees and managers was accepted by participants and found possible to implement practically, its effect were small. Similarly, effects of the program including managers only were also small. Overall, the thesis shows the importance of reducing job demands along with promoting different resources, but emphasizes the challenges in developing, implementing, and evaluating preventive organizational interventions.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-06 13:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Higgins, Lindsey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Linking lake variability, climate, and human activity in Basotu, Tanzania2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Paleoenvironmental investigations establish important baseline knowledge of the natural variability of lake systems, to better understand human impacts on the landscape, and the effects of climate change on water resources. By combining long-term environmental history with investigations into modern land use patterns and climatological events, a wider perspective can be reached that has practical applications in water governance. This thesis presents a case study of Lake Basotu (4.37°S, 35.07°E), a crater lake in the Hanang district of north-central Tanzania, which acts as an important source of freshwater for local people. A three-meter long sediment core from an interior crater of Lake Basotu was investigated using proxy records (diatoms, magnetic parameters, and carbon content) and radiometric dating (14C and 210Pb). The Lake Basotu record was then compared to other sediment-based reconstructions from East Africa and records of historical famines to better place it into the timeline and understanding of regional climate dynamics. This work was extended into modern times (1973–2015) by examining lake extent variations in the Landsat satellite archive. Shoreline boundaries for dry-season images were delineated and lake extent was calculated using GIS techniques. This remote sensing record was compared to climatological patterns, meteorological records, and the history of land-use changes in the surrounding district. As a whole, the Lake Basotu record indicates that major fluctuations in lake level are not abnormal; however, human influence has likely increased the lake’s sensitivity to climatic fluctuations. The timing of historical famines in East Africa were linked to periods of shallow lake conditions in Basotu, and the duration of the most extreme lake level changes correlate to a reversal in the 14C age-depth model. Recent variations in lake extent are likely connected to a mechanized wheat farming program implemented in the district as a foreign aid project in the early 1960s. To support the work done in Basotu, a preliminary investigation of sediment from the nearby Lake Babati was undertaken. Sediment from the two lakes indicates that their geographical location may be in a transition zone towards dryer conditions to the south during the Little Ice Age in East Africa. The results of this thesis support that Lake Basotu is an important location for understanding the potential impacts of climate change and human activity on water resources in this region.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-06 10:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), Stockholm
    Warshan, Denis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. Stockholm University.
    Cyanobacteria in symbiosis with boreal forest feathermosses: from genome evolution and gene regulation to impact on the ecosystem2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Among dinitrogen (N2)-fixing some cyanobacteria can establish symbiosis with a broad range of host plants from all plant lineages including bryophytes, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. In the boreal forests, the symbiosis between epiphytic cyanobacteria and feathermosses Hylocomium splendens and Pleurozium schreberi is ecologically important. The main input of biological N to the boreal forests is through these cyanobacteria, and thus, they greatly contribute to the productivity of this ecosystem. Despite the ecological relevance of the feathermoss symbiosis, our knowledge about the establishment and maintenance of cyanobacterial-plant partnerships in general is limited, and particularly our understanding of the feathermoss symbiosis is rudimentary.

    The first aim of this thesis was to gain insight on the genomic rearrangements that enabled cyanobacteria to form a symbiosis with feathermosses, and their genomic diversity and similarities with other plant-symbiotic cyanobacteria partnerships. Genomic comparison of the feathermoss isolates with the genomes of free-living cyanobacteria highlighted that functions such as chemotaxis and motility, the transport and metabolism of organic sulfur, and the uptake of phosphate and amino acids were enriched in the genome of plant-symbiotic cyanobacteria.

    The second aim of this PhD study was to identify cyanobacterial molecular pathways involved in forming the feathermoss symbiosis and the regulatory rewiring needed to maintain it. Global transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in cyanobacteria during the early phase of establishment of the feathermoss symbiosis, and after colonization of the moss were investigated. The results revealed that the putative symbiotic gene repertoire includes pathways never before associated with cyanobacteria-plant symbioses, such as nitric-oxide sensing and regulation, and the transport and metabolism of aliphatic sulfonate.

    The third aim was to explore the role of the cyanobacterial community in contributing to the temporal variability of N2-fixation activity. Results from a field-study showed that temporal variation in N2-fixation rates could be explained to a high degree by changes in cyanobacterial community composition and activity. In particular, the cyanobacteria belonging to the genus Stigonema - although not dominating the community- appeared to be the main contributors to the N2-fixation activities. Based on this result, it is suggested that this genus is responsible for the main input of N in the boreal forest ecosystems.

    The last aim was to understand how the relationship between cyanobacterial community composition and N2-fixation activity will be affected by climatic changes such as, increased temperature (11oC compared to 19oC) and CO2 level (500 ppm compared to 1000 ppm). Laboratory experiments highlighted that 30 weeks of combined elevation of temperature and CO2 resulted in increased N2-fixation activity and moss growth rates. The observed increases were suggested to be allocated to reduced cyanobacterial diversity and changes in community composition, resulting in the dominance of cyanobacteria adapted to the future abiotic condition.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-06 14:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Prawitz, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the Move: Essays on the Economic and Political Development of Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four self-contained essays in economics. Their abstracts are presented below:

    Exit, Voice and Political Change: Evidence from Swedish Mass Migration to the United States. We study the political effects of mass emigration to the United States in the 19th century using data from Sweden. To instrument for total emigration over several decades, we exploit severe local frost shocks that sparked an initial wave of emigration, interacted with within-country travel costs. Our estimates show that emigration substantially increased the local demand for political change, as measured by labor movement membership, strike participation and voting. Emigration also led to de facto political change, increasing welfare expenditures as well as the likelihood of adopting more inclusive political institutions.

    Mass Migration, Cheap Labor, and Innovation. Migration is often depicted as a major problem for struggling developing countries, as they may lose valuable workers and human capital. Yet, its effects on sending regions are ambiguous and depend crucially on local market responses and migrant selection. This paper studies the effects of migration on technological innovation in sending communities during one of the largest migration episodes in human history: the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1913). Using novel historical data on Sweden, where about a quarter of its population migrated, we find that migration caused an increase in technological patents in sending municipalities. To establish causality, we use an instrumental variable design that exploits severe local growing season frost shocks together with within-country travel costs to reach an emigration port. Exploring possible mechanisms, we suggest that increased labor costs, due to low-skilled emigration, induced technological innovation.                                                   

    On the Right Track: Railroads, Mobility and Innovation During Two Centuries. We study the construction of the 19th-century Swedish railroad network and estimate its effects on innovation during two centuries. To address endogenous placement of the network, our analysis exploits the fact that the main trunk lines were built with the overarching aim to connect particular city centers, while at the same time considering construction costs. Estimates show that innovative activities increased substantially in areas traversed by the railroads. The number of active innovators increased and, moreover, they became more productive. Exploring potential mechanisms, we highlight the importance of knowledge diffusion across space by studying spatial patterns of collaboration between innovators. Our analysis shows that innovators residing in areas connected by the railroad start to collaborate more and over longer distances, especially with other innovators located along the railroad network. Finally, we show that the differences in innovative activities were intensified over the 20th century. Areas traversed by the historical railroads exhibit much higher rates of innovation in the present day.                          

    Homeownership, Housing Wealth and Socioeconomic Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden 1999-2007. This paper studies a government supported homeownership wave in Sweden, where tenants bought their apartments at prices below the market value in the ownership market. Using detailed administrative register data paired with a difference-in-differences strategy, it compares individuals subject to an ownership transfer to similar individuals who never got the opportunity to buy their homes. After establishing that the new homeowners instantly increased their net wealth, the effects of homeownership and housing wealth on a set of socioeconomic outcomes are measured over time. Although the lump-sum transfer is large, the average individual only modestly adjusts her behavior in terms of labor market participation and demographic decision-making. Studying differences across age, younger tenants increase childbearing and decrease labor income, although modestly. Individuals near their retirement age decrease their labor market participation.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-07 10:00 hörsal 12, hus F, Stockholm
    Duch, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    L’autoportrait textuel par Claude Cahun: Énonciation, formes génériques et détournement dans Aveux non avenus (1930)2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present thesis is to examine the modes of enunciation (“mode d’énonciation”) and the use of text genres in relation to thematic and semantic aspects of Claude Cahun’s book, Aveux non avenus (Disavowals: or, Cancelled Confessions)(1930), which consists of text fragments. Claude Cahun, who is mostly known for her photographic self-portraits, was active on the margins of surrealism in Paris in the 1920s. The text fragments of Aveux non avenus can be compared to a collage technique that she also uses in the photomontages which open each chapter of the book. As an author, Claude Cahun clearly resisted traditional confessional literature (as the title of the book also suggests), and this study focuses on how she creates images of herself through characters borrowed from mythology, the Bible, and popular and literary texts, but also through reflections on specific themes in dialogues, essays and aphorisms.

    The thesis examines how Aveux non avenus differs from an actual autobiography, how the fragmented self-portrait is constructed, and how the book expresses a critique of contemporary society. The method of the thesis is based on textual analysis, with the support of the concepts of modes of enunciation (”mode d’énonciation”), text genres, and détournement (”détournement”). It also rests on the contextualisation of Claude Cahun’s practice of writing in relation to the history of literary genres, surrealist avant-garde movement, and in relation to sources within cultural history and the history of women.

    The thesis analyses how Claude Cahun, through the use of different genres and shifting modes of enunciation, creates a fragmented, diverse, and contradictory portrait of herself, in a way that also conveys a critical image of contemporary society. The text functions, simultaneously, as a collage of different text genres. The conclusion thereby underlines the idea that the text is not arbitrarily fragmentary, but constructed on the principles that the analysis of the work has demonstrated. In previous research on Claude Cahun, the indefinite genre of the book has been emphasised. Instead, this thesis wants to show that the diversity of text genres is deliberately explored to develop varying modes of enunciation that give Claude Cahun the opporturity to reflect and give nuance to representations of the self and to convey a radical critique of society.

  • Bjerva, Johannes
    et al.
    University of Groningen.
    Grigonyte, Gintare
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Östling, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Plank, Barbara
    University of Groningen.
    Neural Networks and Spelling Features for Native Language Identification2017In: Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications, Association for Computational Linguistics, 2017, 235-239 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the RUG-SU team's submission at the Native Language Identification Shared Task 2017. We combine several approaches into an ensemble, based on spelling error features, a simple neural network using word representations, a deep residual network using word and character features, and a system based on a recurrent neural network. Our best system is an ensemble of neural networks, reaching an F1 score of 0.8323. Although our system is not the highest ranking one, we do outperform the baseline by far.

  • Östling, Robert
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Grigonyte, Gintare
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Computational Linguistics.
    Transparent text quality assessment with convolutional neural networks2017In: Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications, 2017, 282-286 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a very simple model for text quality assessment based on a deep convolutional neural network, where the only supervision required is one corpus of user-generated text of varying quality, and one contrasting text corpus of consistently high quality. Our model is able to provide local quality assessments in different parts of a text, which allows visual feedback about where potentially problematic parts of the text are located, as well as a way to evaluate which textual features are captured by our model. We evaluate our method on two corpora: a large corpus of manually graded student essays and a longitudinal corpus of language learner written production, and find that the text quality metric learned by our model is a fairly strong predictor of both essay grade and learner proficiency level.

  • Sørli, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Arbeidsmiljøets betydning for turnoverintensjon og faktisk turnover blant ledere i offentlig sektor2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [no]

    Ledere i offentlig sektor slutter i jobben sin hyppigere enn tidligere, og turnoveren er et stort problem. Denne studiens formål er å undersøke hvilke faktorer ved arbeidsmiljøet, delt inn i krav og ressurser, som kan ha innvirkning på turnoverintensjon og faktisk turnover, samt hvilke turnoverintensjoner som predikerer faktisk turnover. Krav, ressurser og tre ulike former for turnoverintensjon er målt ved et tidspunkt, og informasjon om faktisk turnover er hentet inn to år senere. Resultatet av logistiske regresjoner viser at intensjonen om å avansere som leder er den turnoverintensjonen som best predikerer faktisk turnover. Det er ulike krav og ressurser som påvirker de tre formene for turnoverintensjon, og ingen av de predikerer faktisk turnover. Dette kan bety at turnoverintensjon muligens ikke bør brukes som stedfortreder for faktisk turnover da det kan virke som at de to drives av ulike bakenforliggende mekanismer.

  • Andersson, Gerhard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Does valuation of music relate to attachment style?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about how the quality of one’s relationships might relate to how important a person thinks music is. By combining three established psychological phenomena - the need to belong, transference of attachment and aesthetic emotions - a novel research field addressing this was deducted and explored. A web-survey with self-report scales on attachment styles, belongingness and valuation of music was distributed both publicly via Facebook and targeted to psychology students at Stockholm University per e-mail. 141 surveys were returned. Good to excellent internal consistencies were obtained for all scales. Ambivalent and disorganized attachment styles correlated positively up to medium strength with measures related to valuation of music. A following ANOVA between attachment style groups supported the results of the correlation analysis. The results provide some tentative support for the deducted explanation. 

  • Ryan, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Can measures of executive functions and spatial ability predict multitasking performance?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies have indicated that individual differences in Executive Functionings (EF) are independent predictors of multitasking performance and mediated by spatial ability. However, these studies lacked multiple measures of EF and their observed effects of spatial processing may have been induced by the nature of the spatial task per se. In this study, participants completed a multitasking session in which they monitored deadlines of four digital clocks running at different rates along with separate measures of EF (inhibition and updating) and spatial ability (mental rotation). Results showed that individual differences in mental rotation and EF were independent predictors of multitasking performance, even when task-specific spatial cues were eliminated. Furthermore, males showed a better multitasking performance than females, and these gender effects were fully mediated by spatial ability. These findings suggest that efficient multitasking involves EF, but that relying on spatial abilities can alleviate cognitive control demands.

  • Lindhe, Therése
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Organisatoriska förutsättningars samband med handlingsstrategier hos operativa vårdcehfer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka organisatoriska förutsättningars samband med operativa chefers handlingsstrategier inom vård och omsorg. Studien undersöktes med hjälp av en enkätinsamling från utvecklingsprojektet CHEFiOS genom en longitudinell design. Vid det första mättillfället (2009) undersöktes organisatoriska förutsättningar (autonomi, ansvarsskyldighet, osäkerhet och resurser) och vid det andra mättillfället (2011) mättes handlingsstrategier (gränssättande, accepterande, informell, formell, främja delaktighet, närvarande chef och avlasta medarbetare). Deltagarna utgjordes av operativa chefer (enhetschefer och arbetsledare) inom äldre- och handikappomsorgen. Analys utfördes genom multipel regressionsanalys och resultatet indikerade på att resurser är en viktig organisatorisk förutsättning för chefer och deras val av handlingsstrategier. En lägre grad av resurser tenderar att påverka formell strategi främst men även accepterande, informell och främja delaktighet. Det största sambandet som studiens organisatoriska förutsättningar har är med handlingsstrategin främja delaktighet. Organisatoriska förutsättningar verkar således ha en viss påverkan på handlingsstrategier men det utesluter inte ett ömsesidigt förhållande där även handlingsstrategier påverkar organisatoriska förutsättningar. Dock bör resultaten ses på med försiktighet på grund av massignifikansproblemet då flera analyser utförts. Vidare forskning behövs för att fastslå förhållandet mellan organisatoriska förutsättningar och användandet av handlingsstrategier. 

  • Lindahl, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Judgments of Social Dimensions of Faces in Individuals with High-Functioning Autism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate if individuals with high-functioning autism differ from typically developing (TD) individuals in judgments of social dimensions from faces. Thirty-two individuals with high functioning autism and sixty-seven TD individuals rated 196 synthetic faces representing 7 social dimensions. Overall, both groups performed similarly on the judgment tasks. However, some group differences emerged for ratings of Competence and Likeability in the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) group. Furthermore, alexithymia, or emotion-blindness, was found to be a possible indicator of ability to judge social dimensions in the ASD group. Implications of present results in relation to prior and future research on social interaction on the autism spectrum are discussed.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-05 10:00 föreläsningssalen, Stockholm
    Kyaga, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Swedish Fashion 1930–1960: Rethinking the Swedish Textile and Clothing Industry2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the development of Swedish fashion between 1930 and 1960 by examining the textile and clothing industry from the wider perspective of fashion production. It was during this period that Sweden was transformed into a leading industrial nation, which laid the foundation for increased prosperity in the post-war period. This historical and empirical study is predominantly based on systematic analysis of Swedish official statistics and close reading of the fashion press. The thesis applies a combination of approaches in the analytical chapters (chapter 2–4) that include three central aspects of fashion production: manufacturing, symbolic production, and the production of a national fashion. 

    Chapter 2 gives an account of the industrial production of clothing and examines the scope, size and structure of the textile and clothing industry. The results confirm its importance to the Swedish economy in the period. One important finding shows that a shift in production from tailored outerwear to lighter garments occurred as early as the mid-1950s. 

    Chapter 3 investigates the symbolic production of fashion by looking at the structure of the field of fashion in Sweden. The results show a French dominance where couturiers were celebrated as creative ‘artists’. A significant finding is how the idea of Swedish fashion was considered a process of creating economic value, as in clothing manufacturing. 

    Chapter 4 deals with fashion as an expression of national culture. The result reveals a significant fashion culture associated with an everyday wear fashion that followed the Social Democratic reforms aimed at equality in society during the period. One important finding is that the wool coat was the hallmark of Swedish fashion identity in the post-war period. 

    These results contribute to a broader understanding of fashion production and new insights into the history of its developments in Sweden between 1930 and 1960, which has gone largely unrecognised by previous fashion historians. 

  • Public defence: 2017-10-05 10:00 Magnélisalen, Stockholm
    Bunrit, Anon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. Stockholm University.
    Direct Catalytic Nucleophilic Substitution of Non-Derivatized Alcohols2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the development of methods for the activation of the hydroxyl group in non-derivatized alcohols in substitution reactions. The thesis is divided into two parts, describing three different catalytic systems.

    The first part of the thesis (Chapter 2) describes nucleophilic allylation of amines with allylic alcohols, using a palladium catalyst to generate unsymmetrical diallylated amines. The corresponding amines were further transformed by a one-pot ring-closing metathesis and aromatization reaction to afford β-substituted pyrroles with linear and branched alkyl, benzyl, and aryl groups in overall moderate to good yields.

    The second part (Chapters 3 and 4) describes the direct intramolecular stereospecific nucleophilic substitution of the hydroxyl group in enantioenriched alcohols by Lewis acid and Brønsted acid/base catalysis.

    In Chapter 3, the direct intramolecular substitution of non-derivatized alcohols has been developed using Fe(OTf)3 as catalyst. The hydroxyl groups of aryl, allyl, and alkyl alcohols were substituted by the attack of O- and N-centered nucleophiles, to provide five- and six-membered heterocycles in up to excellent yields with high enantiospecificities. Experimental studies showed that the reaction follows first-order dependence with respect to the catalyst, the internal nucleophile, and the internal electrophile of the substrate. Competition and catalyst-substrate interaction experiments demonstrated that this transformation proceeds via an SN2-type reaction pathway.

    In Chapter 4, a Brønsted acid/base catalyzed intramolecular substitution of non-derivatized alcohols was developed. The direct intramolecular and stereospecific substitution of different alcohols was successfully catalyzed by phosphinic acid (H3PO2). The hydroxyl groups of aryl, allyl, propargyl, and alkyl alcohols were substituted by O-, N-, and S-centered nucleophiles to generate five- and six-membered heterocycles in good to excellent yields with high enantiospecificities. Mechanistic studies (both experiments and density functional theory calculations) have been performed on the reaction forming five-membered heterocyclic compounds. Experimental studies showed that phosphinic acid does not promote SN1 reactivity. Rate-order determination indicated that the reaction follows first-order dependence with respect to the catalyst, the internal nucleophile, and the internal electrophile. DFT calculations corroborated with a reaction pathway in which the phosphinic acid has a dual activation mode and operates as a bifunctional Brønsted acid/Brønsted base to simultaneously activate both the nucleophile and nucleofuge, resulting in a unique bridging transition state in an SN2-type reaction mechanism.

  • Urey, Mario Roberto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La concordancia verbal en aprendientes de español: ¿Es un problema o no la concordancia verbal del español para aprendientes suecos de la enseñanza secundaria?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    La concordancia verbal en la lengua sueca de hoy no existe, lo cualpuede dificultar el aprendizaje de lenguas que sítienenconcordancia verbal, como,en este caso,el español. Creemos que es interesantevercuáles son loselementosque necesitan mayor atención al momento del aprendizaje de una nueva lenguay,en el presenteestudio,nos centraremos en investigaren quémedida elfenómeno mencionado constituyeun problema para aprendientes suecosdel Nivel 3 (Steg 3) de la enseñanza secundaria.Nos preguntamos si laausencia de concordanciaen elsueco constituye, en general, una dificultad importanteenelproceso de aprendizaje del español como L2.A través de un test de juicio gramatical hemos querido ver hasta qué puntociertos contextos sintácticos, concretamente la presencia de componentes interpuestosentre sujeto y verboasí comola posposición del sujeto al verbo(“inversión”),representan un mayor obstáculo en la percepción de concordancias erróneas que cuando el sujeto va directamente seguido del verbo.Los resultados indican que, aunque la proporción de juicios desacertados es alta en todas las categorías, aumenta tanto en el caso de S-X-V como en el de V-S. En un grupo de control conformado por alumnos bilingües que tienen el español como primera lengua y el sueco como lengua más fuerte, la proporción de respuestas desacertadas se reduce considerablemente o desaparece por completo.

  • Engman Viking, Julia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Adolfsson, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Konstruktioner av flickor som unga lagöverträdare: En kvalitativ studie grundat på socialtjänstens yttranden2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a qualitative method in which the data consists of local social services' statements on girls as young delinquents. The sample consists of ten statements received from two courts in the Stockholm area, where girls between 15-17 years old are suspected of either theft/ attempted robbery or violent offences. By using a gender perspective the purpose of the study is to look at the social services constructions of girls who are suspected of any of the crimes. Results and analysis indicate that girls are constructed in a variety of ways. We have not found that the suspicion of crime has shown any clear differences but that assessment of particular care has been more of importance. Some statements emphasize the girls' crime, on the other hand some statements describe girl’s crime as reduced and seems to depend on other factors.

  • Weinberg, Teresia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Är det någon skillnad vilken lag som tillämpas, SoL eller LSS? En rättssociologisk studie om bostad med särskild service för personer med ett psykiskt funktionshinder2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study is to understand whether there is a difference for people with mental disabilities to grant the intervention housing with special service; according to either the Law of Support and Service for Persons with certain Functional Impairments (LSS) or to the Law of Social Welfare (SoL). Furthermore, the aim of the study is to explore how user organizations describe their cooperation with the municipality. In this study, I compare the municipalities of Malmö and Stockholm. Individual interviews were conducted with three persons from different user organizations and three interviews were conducted with persons working in the municipality. Information and official documents describing the intervention and the municipalities’ organization were also used for this study. The empirical data was analyzed through the sociology of law approach. The main results indicate that there is a difference between the intervention housing with special service depending on the regulation applied. Regarding housing with special service according to LSS, fewer persons live together and the cost is higher. The analysis shows that SoL and LSS differ in various ways which affect the intervention. The user organizations described the collaboration with the municipality as good but also containing several challenges.

  • Svensson, Ronja
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Escalante, Silvia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    “Det är nästan värre att inte bli trodd än att hantera själva situationen”: Berättelser om barns våld mot föräldrar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how shame and guilt are manifested in the narratives of parents that have been subject to violence by their children. Parent abuse is a form of violence that has recieved limited attention compared to other forms of violence. Previous research shows that serviceproviders lack knowledge and guidelines to assess the problem. Three qualitative semi-structured interviews were analysed using Labov and Waletzky’s (1967) model of the structure of narratives. Lewis (1971) theory of shame and guilt was applied to highlight the different aspects of the emotions manifested in the narratives. Four themes were identified using a first round thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006); (1) Personal guilt; instant and continually present, (2) Violence as an attack on one’s own feeling of self worth, (3) Children’s expression of guilt is intertwined with the parent’s feeling of guilt and (4) Professionals blaming the parents’ exacerbates an already difficult situation. The results indicate that parents experience strong feelings of guilt and that these feelings might need to be adressed in a non-judgemental environment for the best of both the parent and the child.