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  • Jerpåsen, Gro
    et al.
    Sollund, May-Liss Bøe
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Historiske kart og kulturminnevern: En metode for landskapsanalyse.1997Report (Other academic)
  • Bede, Luwam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Family reunification - Do policies tell the whole story? The case of Ghanaian migrant parents in the UK and Netherlands2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe, legal parent-child family reunifications are regulated by policies specifying the eligibility criteria that migrant parents must fulfill – two of the general conditions is having a long-term residence permit and fulfilling standardized income requirements. The emergence of transnational families – border crossing family arrangements – is often blamed on the conditions set by immigration countries. On the other hand, qualitative studies in the West African context indicate that transnational family life can be a strategic choice, arguing that West African family practices, such as fostering, are compatible with transnational family life and that parent’s preferences for the child to be brought up in the country of origin is one driver behind separation. Taking the case of Ghanaian migrant parents in the UK and Netherlands, the aim of this study is to explore what factors are associated with if and where parent-child reunification takes place – in the immigration country or the country of origin, with a focus on the interplay between family reunification policies, migrant family practices/norms and gender. The research question is: Do the policies that frame family reunification in the UK and Netherlands determine whether and where parent-child reunification takes place? And, how is the outcome affected by Ghanaian family practices/norms and gender? The analysis is made using binomial logistic regression on a selection of 167 current and return migrant parents from the MAFE-Ghana data, collected in 2009. The results indicate that having a high occupational status has a positive effect on reunification in any location, while a long-term legal status only increases the likelihood of reunification in the immigration country. Indicators for family status show mixed results; while having a partner in the UK or Netherlands has a gendered positive effect on the likelihood of reunification in Europe, it also tends to prolong parent-child separation for migrants who do not reunify in Europe. Against expectations, the availability of alternative caregivers in Ghana does not impact the outcome in any direction and no significant difference is found between the likelihood of reunification in the UK or Netherlands. The findings do not support the notion that transnational family life is a strategy for Ghanaian migrant parents; the conclusion is that policies strongly influence whether and where transnational parent-child separation ends.

  • Thyresson Stenqvist, Henrietta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Medborgare föds inte, de skapas: En diskursteoretisk studie om medborgarskapsideal och miljöidentiteter inom den svenska gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen studerar medborgarskapets konstruktion utifrån ett miljöperspektiv eftersom miljöaspekten hitintills varit en negligerad aspekt i forskning om medborgarskapet. I ljuset av att det redan går att bevittna effekter av de globala klimatförändringarna menar jag att kunskapsluckan bör adresseras eftersom medborgarskapet är intimt sammankopplat med rådande samhällsvision. Genom att dekonstruera medborgarskapets utformning blir det således möjligt att syna vilken miljöpolitisk samhällsvision som legitimeras.Gymnasieskolan utgör studieobjekt eftersom skolväsendet är en central plats för samhällelig medborgarfostran, samt eftersom det ofta framhålls som viktigt att ge dagens unga ”rätt” miljömässiga värderingar för att skapa hållbarhet. Studiens syfte är därför att analysera hur en miljöaspekt artikuleras i den/de diskurs(er) om medborgarskapsideal som förekommer i den svenska gymnasieskolan, samt att undersöka vilka miljöidentiteter som möjliggörs för framtida medborgare i dessa diskursiva formationer. Detta vittar i sin tur om vilken miljöpolitisk samhällsvision som implicit legitimeras inom gymnasieskolan. Studien är dels ett statsvetenskapligt bidrag till den skolpolitiska medborgarskapsforskningen och dels till den normativa akademiska diskussionen om medborgarskapets relation till en miljöaspekt. Med hjälp av en diskursteoretisk ansats analyseras styrdokument och offentliga dokument om gymnasieskolan mellan åren 2008–2016.Analysen visar att gymnasieskolan har två medborgarskapsdiskurser; en om behovet av ett hållbart, tryggt och demokratiskt samhälle via aktivt samhällsdeltagande och en om vikten av ekonomisk tillväxt via anställningsbarhet och en fungerande arbetsmarknad. Diskursen om anställningsbarhet är dominerande, varför miljömässig hållbarhet främst förstås i naturvetenskaplig termer och som en fråga för arbetsmarknaden. Därmed har gymnasieskolans miljöpolitiska vision en nyliberal prägel.

  • Westerlind, Emmelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Spännbucklor och att smycka sig i bara mässingen: En kvalitativ analys av sammansättningen i legeringar genom pXRF2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to detect any similarities – or lack thereof – between the alloys of different types of oval brooches from the later Iron Age in Scandinavia. The study is furthermore concerned with how the alloys and the typologies can be mutually complimentary to one another in regards to dating or determining the age of specific oval brooches. For this purpose X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) was used on five different items deriving from Birka, Vendel and one of unknown context.

    The results indicate continuity with earlier studies regarding copper alloys with contents of zinc, and that this study’s brass brooches may have been produced in this alloy for its gold-like appearance. A higher level of lead can be found in the younger brooches, therefore indicating that tortoise brooches of a later date may contain more lead than their earlier counterparts. Furthermore, the study shows that brass may be mistaken for gold, and it raises questions about the use of metal originating from native copper sources.

    This study is a part of the Birka Black Earth Harbour project.

  • Däcker, Bjarne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Drömmar i kras: Analys av glasfragment från Birkas hamn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay reports from a study using XRF of thirteen glass fragments found in the harbour of

    the Viking town of Birka some interesting observations were made. Two fragments are

    coloured using antimony and manganese. One fragment could have been made using wood

    ash glass. Two fragments contain chromium which might imply provenance from Lorraine-

    Alsace.

  • Calleberg, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Stora torget: En geofysisk undersökning med georadar (GPR) av Stora torget i Sigtuna2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains geophysical analysis of the largest town square in Sigtuna, Sweden. The studied area is approximately 736 m2. The purpose of the study was to search for early medieval house remnants and to possibly find structures matching those found during excavations in other parts of the town. The hypothesis is that the town of Sigtuna was planned and that the yards of the town were put out in a special pattern following the main street, which is the same as today. During the day of the geophysical prospection the weather conditions were not optimal. A lot of water at the surface disturbed the instrument and gave a blurred image. It turned out that a lot of contemporary pipes and a large traffic island from the 1930s covered the area. Archaeological structures could only be seen in smaller areas in between later structures. Vague oblong structures could be seen, as well as a distinct smaller square on the eastern part of the area. A large rectangle close to the main street was also observed. None of these structures could be seen in modern maps or photographs and are therefore marked as something that could be of archaeological interest. Some of the structures that were noted were probably part of the original medieval town plan, as judged by their size and location.

  • From, Ingalill
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Viklander, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Visuella redskap som källa till inspiration vid skrivandet av berättande texter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Thonander, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Malicki, Martyna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Meningsskapande i limbo: En studie om medarbetares upplevelse i en pågående organisationsförändring2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our modern age with stronger demands from the surrounding world to change and adapt are changes necessary for organisations to remain competitive. In an organisational change one can sometimes be faced with a lengthy waiting period where the change is stationary and the information is abstract. Henceforth we analyse this waiting period with the concept of limbo. The purpose of our study is to develop an understanding of how the phenomenon of limbo can influence sensemaking among employees in an ongoing organisational change. With our study, we hope to contribute to more knowledge about the experience of limbo in an organisational change and the impact limbo can have. We collected the data for the study by conducting seven qualitative, semi-structured interviews with employees who at the time were going through an organisational change. We used a thematic analysis to process our collected data. The conclusion of our work is that it seems to be a negative connection between the experience of limbo and sensemaking, where limbo hampered sensemaking among the employees.

  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Individuellt eller kollektivt ägande i bondesamhällen?1995In: Äganderätten i lantbrukets historia / [ed] Mats Widgren, Nordiska museets förlag, 1995, 5-16 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    bin Laden och bevattningstunnlarna – två perspektiv på hållbar samhällsutveckling.2003In: Kultur, säkerhet och hållbar samhällsutveckling efter 11 september / [ed] Fredrik Lundmark, Stockholm: Gidlunds förlag, 2003, 193-205 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Sharma, Bibek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Men's First Birth Fertility in South Korea2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large body of research has addressed women’s fertility with some among them focusing on East Asia. Relatively few studies concentrate on men’s fertility worldwide and almost none on South Korea. This study addresses the knowledge gap by exploring how men’s socio-economic status is associated with their transition to first child in South Korea. Data used for the analysis come from Korean Labor Income Panel Study. By applying logistic regression, I examine men’s entry into fatherhood by age 29 and 34.

    The study shows that men with post-secondary education are less likely to become a father by age 29 but more likely to become a father at higher ages than men with secondary education. Having only primary education generally lowers the odds of entry into fatherhood. Men’s employment engagement increases their odds of becoming a father by age 29 and by age 34 respectively, but there is more variation by workplace among younger men.

    The results suggest that higher socio-economic status, measured in educational level and employment status enhances fatherhood entry in South Korea.  

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Grythe, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Quantification of sources and removal mechanisms of atmospheric aerosol particles2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this work has been to quantify important processes for climatically relevant aerosols, and to improve our understanding of, and ability to accurately model, aerosols in the atmosphere on a large scale. This thesis contains five papers focused on different parts of the life cycle of atmospheric aerosol particles. Two papers describe the physical process of emission of primary marine aerosols. The large uncertainties in these processes are demonstrated by examining the diversity of existing parameterizations for emissions. Building from laboratory experiments to validation of model results with observations, new parameterizations are suggested. These take into account also effects of water temperature on primary marine aerosol production. In the third paper the main focus was to develop a new aerosol wet removal scheme in the Lagrangian transport and dispersion model FLEXPART. Removal timescales and atmospheric concentrations are found to be close to observation based estimates. The final two papers focus on atmospheric black carbon aerosols at high latitudes. As an example of increased human activities in the Arctic, local emissions from cruise ships visiting the research base in Ny Ålesund had demonstrable effects on the level of pollutants measured there. In contrast, inland Antarctic air was shown to be clean compared to the Arctic, due to the extremely long transport time from any major aerosol sources. The work done in this thesis has addressed critical uncertainties regarding the aerosol lifecycle, by better constraining aerosol emissions and atmospheric lifetimes. The development of the new wet removal scheme has improved FLEXPART model accuracy, which will be beneficial in future applications of the model.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 13:00 Gröjersalen, hus 3, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Minina, Alisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Consumption of financial services in global mobility: A Cephalopodic consumption mode?2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the interconnected world of today more and more people get on the move. We go abroad for vacations, visits or business trips and we change countries of residence as we pursue new opportunities. Cross-border mobility is becoming part of our life. In recent years consumer researchers have been showing an increasing interest in particularities of consumption in condition of global mobility. Although previous studies have acknowledged the importance of economic capital in enabling global consumer mobility, existing research could be enriched by a deeper understanding of how globally mobile consumers manage their financial consumption across borders.

    The aim of this dissertation is to is to contribute to the uncovering of the particularities of consumption of financial services in global mobility by documenting globally mobile consumers’ financial consumption patterns, the ways they build and maintain relationships with their financial service providers and the ways in which they navigate cultural norms of service consumption and financial consumption across borders.

    The study is based on four research articles that develop an understanding of the dimensions of financial consumption and uncover purchasing, relational and acculturative aspects of consumption of financial services in mobility. The overarching chapter further develops the insights from the articles, bringing forward the concept of the cephalopodic consumption mode – a particular way in which globally mobile consumers organize their financial consumption.

    This work contributes to the domain of research on serially relocating consumers by showing how globally mobile professionals engage in cephalopodic consumption mode (CCM), using their economic capital in order to navigate their international movement. The multipresence, multi-acculturation, instrumentality and camouflage of CCM emerge as an answer to challenges of mobility – the need to reacquaint with new countries every time upon relocation, the future need to leave again and the necessity to organize consumption across borders.  

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 13:00 hörsal 9, hus D, Stockholm
    Nilson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Att skapa en läsare: Läsarter och läsare av litterär text i svenskämnets nationella examination på gymnasiet – åren 1968 till 20132017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the curriculum for the subject of Swedish reading of literary texts is justified by ideas that literary reading will make the student learn more about the environment in which he/she lives, about herself/himself, as well as about others. It is well stated by previous research that what readings that is required and formulated in, for example, assignments or book talk, is important in how the text is discerned by the reader. It is therefore interesting to analyse what readings the student is required or invited to perform when literary reading is examined in national tests, a testing form that concerns all students in upper secondary school, and where one of its official aims is to concretize the curriculum.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate what readings of literary texts are required or desirable in national tests in order to see what kind of reader the school is creating. This is done by studying how the student is positioned, by interpellations, in the tests. The thesis also has an historical approach, focusing on interpellation and reader subject.

    The empirical material of the study consists of all tasks that require reading of literary texts that have been used in national tests in upper secondary school in the subject of Swedish, from the year 1968 to 2013.

    The theoretical and methodological framework is discourse analytical with focus on positioning analyses, which is combined with analysis of readings, from the research field of literary didactics.

    The results show what readings that have been more or less frequent during the period.  Also the analyses of how the assignments are constructed display how the student is positioned in terms of competences, and in what way the reader subject is produced within the literary examinations.  For example, if the text should be read with a focus on form, as a societal argument, or in order to be an inspiration for the student´s own life, this will in itself create a reader that has a knowledge of how to analyse literature, is able to write about societal issues or is willing to talk about him/herself. The three prominent reading subjects that the study highlights are subjects with a knowledge of literature, with a knowledge of psychology and subjects with a knowledge of societal issues. The historical approach also shows that the student is provided with more and more information in how to read the text over time, which shows that the assignments work as a scaffold but at the same time gives the student a specific outlook on how to read literature in the later tests.  

  • Public defence: 2017-03-17 10:00 Lilla hörsalen, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm
    Stålstedt, Jeanette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Enheten för Zoologi, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet.
    Phylogeny, taxonomy and species delimitation of water mites and velvet mites2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (STI) - one of the most ambitious all taxa biodiversity inventories in the world. One of the pillars in STI is to support taxonomic research on the most neglected taxonomic groups with the aim to lift the level of knowledge of biodiversity in the country. There is still a lot to be discovered, especially in the microscopic world, and this includes mites. Many aspects of mite biology and diversity are poorly known, such as species richness, abundance, distribution, lifestyle and behavior of species. Mites inhabits all sorts of aquatic, terrestrial, arboreal and parasitic habitats, nevertheless even in well-studied systems mites are often overlooked. Despite being among the smallest of arthropods, they are of medical and economical importance and may be very abundant in the ecosystems they inhabit. This thesis focuses on Parasitengona (Acariformes: Prostigmata), one of the most diverse taxa among the arachnids. It includes the aquatic Hydrachnidia (water mites) and the terrestrial Trombidia (e.g. velvet mites, chiggers). A unifying characteristic of Parasitengona is their complex life cycle of active and inactive stages, parasitic larvae and predatory deutonymphs and adults. They typically parasitize and prey on arthropods, except the chiggers which have vertebrates as hosts. The aim of this thesis is to shed light on the phylogeny and taxonomy of Parasitengona with emphasis on the Swedish fauna. To achieve this, mites were collected from different localities throughout the country between the years 2007-2016. Water mites were sampled with a hand net. Larvae of terrestrial Parasitengona were collected with sweeping nets and sorted out from malaise trap samples from the Swedish Malaise Trap Project. To collect the adults Berlese-Tullgren extractor and pitfall traps were used as well as hand collecting and sifting with litter reducer. The material collected abroad was kindly provided through collaboration.  Methods used in the papers included morphometrics, multivariate analyses, experimental rearing, DNA extraction and sequencing, Bayesian phylogenetic analyses and molecular species delimitation. In paper I and II, we combine molecular species delimitation models and morphological data to resolve taxonomical issues. This integrative taxonomic approach of combining data resulted in Piona dispersa Sokolow, 1926 as a valid species and redescriptions, new synonyms and neotypes provided for Erythraeus phalangoides (De Geer, 1778),  E. cinereus (Dugès, 1834) and E. regalis (C.L. Koch, 1837). Based on the new inventories we produce an updated and annotated checklist of 105 terrestrial Parasitengona species for Fennoscandia in paper III, and use metadata to increase the knowledge on distribution, habitat preferences, life stages and abundance. Out of these, 20 species are new findings for the region and five are potential new species for science. In paper IV, we provide a molecular phylogeny of Parasitengona based on the genes 18S, 28S and COI for 80 taxa with a sampling focus on the terrestrial lineages. Based on the results we offer a revised higher-level classification of the group. In particular the analyses supported Tanaupodoidea Thor, 1935 as a separate superfamily, but Trombiculoidea Ewing, 1929 was not monophyletic and was synonymized, along with Chyzerioidea Womersley, 1954, with Trombidioidea Leach, 1815.

  • Karlsson, Marcel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Digital Musik och Algoritmer: En kvalitativ studie med användaren i centrum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När musiken blir digital får den möjlighet att arkiveras och kommuniceras på nya vis genom bland annat sociala medier och musikströmningstjänster. För att hantera de stora digitala musikbiblioteken används ofta algoritmer vilka arkiverar och profilerar användare. Då algoritmers primära funktion är att behandla information och data utefter förutbestämda mönster, blir föreningen med digital musik som konstform intressant att studera.

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur ungdomar mellan 16-18 år förhandlar sin relation till digital musik vilket kommuniceras med hjälp av musikströmningstjänster och algoritmer som digitala verktyg. Med hjälp av det teoretiska ramverket bestående av postdigital sensibilitet, det konstnärliga verket, ”the fast”, ”the slow” samt algoritmer som rekommendationssystem och gatekeepers, är studiens syfte att undersöka ungdomars relation till digital musik.

    Studien utgår ifrån fyra utförda kvalitativa fokusgruppsintervjuer med ungdomar mellan 16-18 år, vilka transkriberats och analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analys. Studiens syfte och frågeställningar är formade efter intervjumallen och den tematiska analysen. Analysen av materialet är strukturerad efter den tematiska analysen med fem rubriker; Postdigital sensibilitet, beteende, algoritmer, digital musik samt det personliga verket. I analysen vävs intervjupersonernas intersubjektiva åsikter ihop med det teoretiska ramverket som svarsunderlag till studiens frågeställningar.

    Analysens resultat visar att intervjupersonernas relation till digital musik förhandlas genom musikströmningstjänster och algoritmer, vilket påtvingar en acklimatisering av deras beteende och lyssnarstrategier. Kopplingar kan därigenom fastställas mellan intervjupersonernas beteenden och teorierna om postdigital sensibilitet, det konstnärliga verket samt ”the fast”. Det gigantiska digitala musikbiblioteket gör att intervjupersonerna utvecklar nya lyssnarstrategier vilket ifrågasätter om de kan bli berörda av musiken, då kopplingen till ett konstnärligt verk blir oskarp. Det påvisas även att intervjupersonerna utvecklat ett syn på musik som en produkt vilken konsumeras utefter behov.

  • Gawell, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    "Men det stämmer inte riktigt med hur svenskarna räknar": Uppfattningar om skolmatematik och matematikundervisninghos gymnasieelever med utländsk grundskoleutbildning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning syftar till att se vilka uppfattningar gymnasieelever som läst större delen av singrundskoleutbildning i något annat land uttrycker om matematik och matematikundervisning. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med sex elever från olika delar av världen undersöks elevernas uppfattningar om svensk skolmatematik och matematikundervisning, vilka likheter och skillnader de uttrycker jämfört med sin tidigare skolgång och hur de upplever processen att komma ny med annan förutbildning. Dataanalyseras sedan tematiskt i flera steg. I första steget av analysen används uppfattningar om skolmatematik, uppfattningar om sig själv som matematikelev och uppfattningar om matematikundervisning och hur man lär sig matematik som teman. Som ett andra steg analyseras uppfattningar om matematikundervisning med kategorierna sociala normer, sociomatematiska normer och klassrummets matematiska praxis. Därefter gjordes en induktiv analys inom varje deltema. Huvudresultaten är att matematiska metoder skiljer sig åt mellan länderna, men att det också kan finnas skillnader i exempelvis vilka ämnesområden som betonas. Fokus på problemlösning och vad som anses vara en bra matematisk lösning lyfts fram som särskilt stora skillnader. Att använda formelsamling och miniräknare är något som eleverna är ovana vid sedan tidigare. Eleverna uttycker att lärarna i Sverige är snälla och hjälpsamma, men att lektionerna i stor utsträckning består av självständigt arbete och att det gör att det kan bli rörigt i klassrummet. Ett tydligare ledarskap från läraren och lektioner med mer gemensamt arbete lyfts fram som önskvärt.

  • Clark, William A V
    et al.
    University of California at Los Angeles.
    Andersson, Eva K
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ethno-racial neighborhood types in the Los Angeles and San Francisco Metropolitan Areas2017Other (Other academic)
  • Ödman, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jag lär mig mer när jag får skådespela och se bilder och inte bara läsa: En undersökning av design för och i lärande i läromedlet Bibeläventyret utifrån ett multimodalt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses, from a multimodal, design theoretical perspective, the design for learning in the educational material Bibeläventyret Gamla testamentet (The Bible Adventure – The Old Testament). The aim is to display the modes that are used in the design for learning in Bibeläventyret Gamla testamentet and the meaning that is offered in learning by semiotic resources of these modes. The study also presents the involvement that the students show, as a sign of transformation. Transformation refers to how the students start to process offered meaning and form it into knowledge. The study was conducted in 4th grade classes in a Swedish compulsory school and is based on video observations of two hours of teaching, field notes and the analysis of the teaching material. The study shows that teaching Bibeläventyret Gamla testamentet is multimodally conducted with many different modes and artefacts, where some bear more meaning and others are more supportive. The spatial opportunities of the classroom, the oral narrative of the instructor, including prosody in talk, body movements, gesture and gaze, as well as the students’ involvement in meaning making are used variously. The study shows that the multimodal design offers a significant meaning for learning and the involvement of the students shows how they make an initial transformation and formation of new knowledge. Previous research points to major signs of learning in multimodal environments, where digital media is often included. This study contributes to previous research in showing that many more modes can be used and combined multimodally at the same time compared to what is usually done and so extend the learning possibility particularly in teaching Bibeläventyret Gamla testamentet.

  • Fredman, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Det gäller att hamna i nyfikenhet: En studie kring tvärprofessionella möten beträffande måluppfyllelsen för elever med hörselnedsättning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute experience and insights, based on an interdisciplinary collaboration that can enhance the learning environment for hard of hearing pupils and ultimately their knowledge development. Hard of hearing pupils have lower goal fulfillment than hearing pupils. With this thesis I want to highlight the insights the participants in the research circle made on the basis of written and verbal dialogue. A qualitative content analysis has been used as a method of analysis in this study where the focus has been on a search for the similarities and differences based on the participants' written reflections. The study shows that the participants in the research circle by using and internalizing various tools in the social interaction develops the ability to enter into dialogue with each other and themselves. Which leads to that meaning and understanding are created for each other's activities. By starting from everyday situations and activities the dialogue leads to insights and a deeper understanding of the other activity. The study shows how the participants in both practices, who elementary school and hearing habilitation forms, creates a collective memory that promotes collaboration. Which ultimately should benefit the pupils' knowledge development.

  • Bysell, Lina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Michail Arcybaševs Sanin – en skandalroman från det förrevolutionära Ryssland2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka Michail Arcybaševs roman Sanin i den samtida kontexten under 1900-talets första decennium i Ryssland. Mot bakgrund av den sociala och kulturella kontexten analyseras romanens teman och dess mottagande i samtiden. Med utgångspunkt i Jauss receptionsteori diskuteras frågor om hur den samtida läsaren kan ha uppfattat romanen, hur romanen förhöll sig till den större kontexten, hur författaren själv betraktade romanen och vad kritikerna ansåg om den. Ett försök görs också att förklara varför romanen, som orsakade en sådan uppståndelse i sin samtid, idag är i det närmaste bortglömd.

  • Pöppel, Ludmila
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Дискурсивная конструкция N в том, что и ее параллели в других языках: контрастивное корпусное исследование2016In: Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, ISSN 2226-3365, no 6, 164-175 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present investigation deals with parallel corpus data in Russian, English, German and Swedish. On the basis of an analysis of our findings we attempt to identify operational criteria that can be used to classify discursive constructions. The goal is to find a means for contrasting fixed, idiomatic phrases, on the one hand, and compositional constructions that are close to free word groups, on the other. The research is based on the example of the Russian construction N v tom, čto and its parallels in English, German and Swedish. Parallel corpora are usually used to find ways of translating linguistic structures into other languages, to identify the language-specific features of linguistic units, or to improve their lexicographical description. The present investigation is the first study to employ parallel corpus data to identify different types of Russian discursive constructions, and for that reason it can be viewed as a contribution to the development of the methodology of corpus studies. The pattern N v tom, čto in Russian is represented by the following vatiants delo v tom, čto; problema v tom, čto; beda v tom, čto; sut’ v tom, čto; pravda v tom, čto; ideja v tom, čto, etc. Here we address three of them delo v tom, čto; problema v tom, čto and pravda v tom, čto. Of these three, only delo v tom, čto is lexicalized, i.e. can be regarded as a unit of the Russian lexicon. This is proved by the fact that translations of the expression into other languages primarily involve not its word-for-word correlates, but instead functional equivalents that formally have nothing in common with it. Two other constructions are most frequently translated word-for-word, which suggests that these can be regarded as free word groups. The empirical data were drawn from Sketch Engine and the RNC.

  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Physical and Mental Landscapes: Introduction2003In: Fishbones and glittering emblems: Southeast Asian archaeology 2002 / [ed] Anna Karlström & Anna Källén, Stockholm: Östasiatiska muséet , 2003, 255-256 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Michel Cabouret, L´irrigation des prés de fauche en Europe occidentale, centrale et septentrionale: Essai de géographie historique. Préface d´Erik Bylund. Paris 1999.2000In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, 206-207 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Daugstad, Karoline, 2000. Mellom romantikk og realisme. Om seterlandskapet som ideal og realitet.2001In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 55, 53-53 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Gammal stensträngsforskning och nya frågeställningar1995In: Äldre järnålder i stensträngsmiljöer: Internt seminarium vid UV Linköping : Vadstena-Väderstad 6-7 april 1994 / [ed] Lars Z. Larsson, Linköping: Avd. för arkeologiska undersökningar, Riksantikvarieämbetet , 1995Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Var medeltidens jordbrukssystem uthålliga?: Vägar till ett svar1995In: Miljö och livskvalitet under vikingatid och medeltid: Fem föreläsningar från ett symposium i Stockholm 1990 / [ed] Göran Dahlbäck, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia , 1995, 77-98 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Sporrong, Ulf
    et al.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ägande och disposition av mark som förklaringsfaktorer till kulturlandskapets utveckling: Forskningsprogram för den kulturlandskapsgeografiska profilen vid Kulturgeografiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet1986Report (Other academic)
  • Werner, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Wiktorin, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Thulin, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Råd till nutidsmänniskan: 3 filmer av Eric M. Nilsson1986Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kaza, Djina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Fashion Studies.
    Decoding the Dress: Reading features of costume design in films of Emir Kusturica2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers fashion and cinema as crucial embodiments of Yugoslavian culture. As such, it gives a shine to the potential inherent in film costume for the historical analysis of Yugoslavian national identity and its politics. The focus is on the semiotic analysis of costume design in two native films by Emir Kusturica: When Father Was Away on Business and Underground. Social relations are investigated through the lens of a critical theory, with particular interest in questions of gender, violence, and sexuality. Taking the idea from a critical theory - that power constitutes all human relations - this thesis considers dress as a core symbol for performing power in Yugoslavian society.

  • Aydin, Ali
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    An Alternative Auteurist Approach to Sidney Lumet's Films: In Search of a Transgressive Cinema2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hernández Rejón, Mónica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Like Sámis do: A postcolonial and intersectional analysis of the contemporary film representations and self-representations of the Sámi people2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The film representation of the Sámi people has evolved during the last century from the ethnographic portrayals that reproduce a romantic stereotype of the good savages, to feature and documentary films that discuss the Sámi identity and its colonial history. In recent years a new generation of Sámi and Swedish documentary directors have focused their work on analysing the impact that multiple structures of power actually have in the production of the Sámi identity and culture. In this research I explore the intersections of such structures in the documentary road movies Sámi Daughter Yoik (2007) by the Sámi-Swedish director Liselotte Wajstedt, and The Only Image of My Father (2004) by the Swedish director Kine Boman. The main purpose of the research is to examine the discussions of identity that these films propose and to analyse the strategies with which the directors question the simplistic representation of the Sámi people. Based on the postcolonial and intersectional perspectives, the text offers a critique of the discourses of authenticity that confine the Sámi identity into the frame of ethnicity. The study gives special attention to the different layers that the directors' identities involve and their role in the construction of alternative representations of the Sámi people. A relevant finding is that the directors have succeeded in representing the Sámi people as complex and heterogeneous, helped by their choices on genre, authorship and their own approach to identity as a performative, multidimensional and dynamic process.

  • Ekholm Sjöblom, Josefina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Nutida Woody Allens stereotyper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Schneiter Korinth, Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies. Modevetenskap.
    För Sverige i Tiden - Kronprinsessan Victoria - klädsel i kunglig ämbetsutövning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this thesis is Crown Princess Victoria's dress choices in her royal duties, primarily ceremonies, during the past three years based on visibility in media. The aim of the study is to investigate whether the Crown Princess has used fashion in a different way than other royals in history and today. Fashion scientific I have also examined how the Crown Princess fashion choices relates to her brand, an my studies has focused on subjects such as nationality, power, style, class and popular appeal. The questions relates to the Crown Princess' conscious clothing priorities, her wedding dress and the fashion effects on the Crown Princess' brand. The material includes: field observation at the wedding dress exhibition at the Royal Palace, interviews at the Royal Court, surveys of fashion magazines and a collection of photo material. The varied material, its scope and the time constraints have made me choose the ethnological method "the moving searchlight" as a flexible and systematic processing of the material based upon the overall research questions. I have used the theories by Erving Goffman and Pierre Bourdieu throughout the analysis with focus on use of Goffman ́s theory taken from the theater and enactments and Bourdieu with his theories in sociology as the visibility of taste in practices. The results from my analysis show that there are differences in the way the Crown Princess expresses her role in comparison with other historical and contemporary royals. These differences are mainly visible in her choice of clothing from a sustainability perspective but also based on the concept of popular appeal. The similarities are those concerning national origin in her choices of clothing. I have also come to the conclusion that academic analytical methods in her royal fashion choices, on the basis of history and deep academic analysis, could become key success factors in the developing of the Crown Princess style in terms of visibility and ultimately strengthening her brand for Sweden, The Royal Family and the Royal Court.

  • Möllerman, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Elever med dyslexi i engelskundervisningen: Engelska för dyslektiska elever i år 4 och 52013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min studie är att beskriva och analysera hur engelskundervisningen i åk 4-5 är utformad för att stötta elever med dyslexi i relation till Skollagens föreskrifter (SFS 2010: 800) om hur alla barn och elever har rätt till att få utvecklas utifrån sina egna förutsättningar. I Skolinspektionens kvalitetsgranskning visar det sig att de dyslektiska eleverna inte alltid får en anpassad undervisning. Det visar sig också att de kompensatoriska hjälpmedlen används bristfälligt i samtliga ämnen samt att de flesta skolor anpassar undervisningen i form av stöd utanför den ordinarie klassen, trots att det enligt läroplanen sägs att undervisningen i första hand skall ges där (Skolinspektionen 2011:8). I min studie utgår jag från följande frågeställningar: Vilka strategier används av lärare för att stödja elever med dyslexi i engelskundervisningen? I vilken utsträckning upplever elever med dyslexi att de får stöd i engelskundervisningen? I vilken utsträckning används kompensatoriska hjälpmedel av dyslektiska elever i engelskundervisningen?

    Jag har använt mig av kvalitativa forskningsmetoder i form av intervjuer och observationer då de ger värdefull information om i vilken utsträckning engelskundervisningen är anpassad till de dyslektiska elevernas behov, om de dyslektiska elevernas syn på lärarens metod vid stöd samt vilka kompensatoriska hjälpmedel eleven har att tillgå.

    Resultatet av studien visar att den hjälp som den dyslektiska eleven får i ett integrerat klassrum inte alltid är optimal. För den dyslektiska eleven som får hjälp genom specialundervisning är undervisningen anpassad efter elevens individuella behov. Jag ser också att det finns kompensatoriska hjälpmedel på skolan, men de används sparsamt i engelskundervisningen.

  • Olding, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Virgin, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Inkludering - ett begrepp på drift?: En intervjustudie om att genomföra en synvända i praktiken2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jax, Anneli
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Salutskij, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Förskolepedagogers erfarenheter av att skapa goda relationer med barn2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka tio förskolepedagogers erfarenheter av att skapa goda relationer till barnen. För att undersöka detta valde vi att genomföra semi-strukturerade intervjuer med tio förskolepedagoger. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna skiljer på omsorg och lärande och förlägger relationsskapandet till avgränsade tidsperioder. Pedagogerna lägger stor betydelse vid personligheten i skapandet av goda relationer. Då relationsskapandet faller väl ut menar pedagogerna att det är deras egen personlighet som är avgörande. Då pedagogerna stöter på hinder i relationsskapandet förlägger de svårigheterna hos barnens personligheter och hur väl personligheterna samspelar med varandra. Resultatet visar även att pedagogerna lyfter betydelsen av närhet i relationsskapandet men att de har olika uppfattningar om hur nära man som pedagog bör vara barnen.

  • Hallqvist Engman, Therese
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Ohlsson, Stina
    Att arbeta med flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan: Nio specialpedagogers erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Embe, Anneli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    "Bildämnet behöver egentligen inte vara visuellt": En intervjustudie med skolungdomar och deras bildlärare om motivation i bildämnet när man inte ser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Müller Nyman, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Häggebrink, Monique
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Stärka barns sociala färigheter i förskolan: Pedagogers upplevelser av att organisera arrangerade lekstunder för en inkluderande verksamhet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how two preschool teachers describes possible applications and difficulties that might arise when using the interaction program Play Time Social Time (PTST) in a Swedish preschool. The aim was also to investigate how the playtime activities suggested by PTST that the teachers arranged in their preschool were evaluated by the teachers and if they were viewed as beneficial in promoting inclusion and participation in interactions among the children.

     

    Five interviewa with two preschool teachers were conducted who are operating in a preschool in Stockholm, and one observation has been conducted during one arranged playtime. The data collection was analysed qualitatively and gave indications about how PTST can be adapted into Swedish preschool.

     

    According to the teachers the arranged playtimes facilitated interaction between children that usually did not interact, as well as they attracted to play for every child, but mostly those children who were in need of special support. The teachers experienced that arranging playtimes contributed to the pursuit of inclusive education. The preschool teachers beliefs about children's learning and the role of the environment in preschool are also discussed and how PTST could be adapted and used into Swedish preschools.

     

    The paper discusses how the preschool teachers may create situations so that children interact and participate in an inclusive learning environment and also how special pedagogues  may support these processes.

  • Ulrich, Lotten
    et al.
    Ulrich, Edla
    Journaux personnels polyglottes des soeurs Ulrich: tenus au Palais royal de Stockholm, à Djurgården et dans la province, de 1830 à 18552016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Johan Ulrich était secrétaire privé du roi Karl XIV Johan (J.-B. Bernadotte). Ses filles, Lotten (1806–1887) et Edla (1816–1897), étaient donc de bonne famille, bien que leur père ne fût ni noble ni riche. Dans leurs journaux elles rendent compte de leur vie quotidienne: fréquentations, lectures, sorties au théâtre et aux concerts, etc. Le journal de Lotten commence au Palais royal de Stockholm en 1830 et se termine à Norrköping en 1847. Elle note tout, des banalités aussi bien que de grands événements et étoffe son texte de commérages et de ce qu’elle a lu dans la presse. Edla se limite à ce qu’elle trouve mémorable, dont ses séjours agréables chez la famille Adlercreutz. Elle communique aussi ses expériences de gouvernante et les impressions de ses voyages à Copenhague et à des stations thermales dans le sud de la Suède. Les soeurs décrivent des personnes de toutes les classes sociales, dont plusieurs de renom, telles Jenny Lind, Bernhard Crusell, Lars Johan Hierta, Bernhard von Beskow, André Oscar Wallenberg, Johan Olof Wallin et les membres de la famille royale. Ces journaux offrent ainsi aux lecteurs beaucoup d’images concrètes de la vie culturelle de l’époque, des us et coutumes, de l’éducation des frères et soeurs et d’un Stockholm où les quartiers hors de la vieille ville d’aujourd’hui sont qualifiés de faubourgs. Margareta Östman est docteur des lettres. Publications récentes: Au Champ d’Apollon. Écrits d’expression française produits en Suède (1550–2006). Filologiskt arkiv 47 (2008, en collaboration avec Hans Östman), Glanures servant de suite à Au Champd’Apollon [...] Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, Romanica Stockholmiensia 29 (2012), et Systrarna Ulrichs dagböcker från Stockholms slott, Djurgården och landsorten 1830–1855 (2015), édition en suédois des journaux des deux soeurs.

  • de Gysser, Isabell
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Språkstödjande undervisning i de naturorienterade ämnena: En studie i grundskolans år 4-6 utifrån lärares perspektiv på undervisning2016Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att belysa och tillföra ämnesdidaktisk kunskap kring språkstödjande undervisning i de naturorienterade ämnena i grundskolans årskurser 4-6. Studien ställer upp tre forskningsfrågor som handlar om hur några lärare beskriver sin undervisning i de naturorienterade ämnena utifrån ett språkligt förhållningssätt, vilka praktiska tillvägagångssätt de väljer att använda samt hur dessa val syftar till att skapa förståelse för ämnesspecifikt innehåll hos eleverna. Studien har således ett perspektiv på undervisning utifrån en lärarhorisont och grundar sig på sex kvalitativa semistrukturerade lärarintervjuer. Insamlat material har analyserats och resulterat i fem teman som strukturerar informanternas utsagor om deras språkinriktade undervisning: mötet med ämnesspråket, svårigheter och signifikant svårare områden, metoder och aktiviteter, synlig kunskapsutveckling samt framgångsfaktorer. Studien visar i likhet med tidigare empirisk forskning kring det naturvetenskapliga språkets särdrag att det skolspråk eleverna möter i NO-undervisningen i årskurs 4-6 har komplexa beståndsdelar. Undervisningen handlar mycket om att stötta eleverna i den språkligt och innehållsligt abstrakta världen genom metoder och aktiviteter som kopplar nytt ämnesstoff till en för eleverna välkänd kontext. När lärarna beskriver didaktiska val handlar det i stor utsträckning om sådana som kontextualiserar ämnesinnehållet, gör eleverna delaktiga i kommunikativa sammanhang samt ställer upp ett stödjande ramverk kring språket. Utifrån studiens resultat och teoretiska bakgrund kan lärarstudenter, lärare, skolledare eller annan personal verksam i svensk skola finna belägg för vikten av att ställa upp kunskapsmål och språkliga mål. Diskussionen i studien leder fram till ett förslag på vidare studier som handlar om de, från tidigare forskning uppställda tre kännetecken för en funktionell språkinriktad undervisning; kontextualisering, interaktion samt språkstöttning, skulle kunna utökas till att även omfatta en aspekt som handlar om vikten av repetition i undervisningen. I den här studien blev denna fjärde aspekt framträdande tillsammans med de tre övriga. 

  • Planting-Bergloo, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Nyanländ till den svenska kemiundervisningen: En studie om nyanlända elevers meningsskapande i kemi i gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur medierande artefakter kan utgöra resurser men också hinder för språk- och kunskapsutvecklingen hos nyanlända elever i kemiundervisningen i ordinarie klasser på gymnasiet. Studien syftar även till att ge de nyanlända elevernas egna perspektiv på kemiundervisningen i ordinarie klasser. I studien, som är en intervention av den ordinarie undervisningen, möter eleverna olika medierande artefakter inom ämnesområdet redoxkemi. Dataunderlaget består av videoinspelningar av elevsamtal från elevernas möten med medierande artefakter under fyra lektioner samt en fokusgruppintervju där de nyanlända eleverna reflekterar över undervisningen. Dataunderlaget analyseras utifrån en praktisk epistemologisk analys. Resultatet visar att de medierande artefakterna ger de i helklass tysta nyanlända eleverna möjlighet till att föra informella naturvetenskapliga samtal som i förlängningen leder till meningsskapande i redoxkemi. Resultatet visar även att de medierande artefakterna kan bidra till en så väl språklig som kunskapsmässig utveckling och därmed har en viktig roll i utformandet av en språkinriktad kemiundervisning. 

  • Public defence: 2017-03-10 13:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Stockholm
    Bendixen, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Voices for Change: Hopes and costs for empowerment - a study on women's claims in the Egyptian revolution2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates women’s possibilities to actively participate in societal change in Egypt. It aims at enhancing the understanding of structural conditions for women’s agency and how these enables and/or restrains women’s participation in the aspiration for societal change as well as their aspiration to live a ‘full life’. Egypt was chosen as a field for studying women’s understanding of their opportunities of participation and empowerment before and during the revolution. The informants in the study are all consciously working for awareness and equality in society. Formal education in Egypt is criticized and the country suffers from a high illiteracy rate, making informal education an important way to attain knowledge that can assist women in their quest for societal change. The acknowledgment of participation as a human right is one of the issues women are fighting for in Egypt today. A specific interest in this study is what motivates some women to oppose social, cultural and political structures despite the often high personal cost, and how informal (educational) channels are being used in the quest for societal change. The theoretical construction in which the analysis is carried out is based on frictions between societal structures and agency, using the Capability Approach (Sen, 1999) which aims at understanding what agency women have in societal change. The concept of functionings is used to indicate what someone is able to do and be. By analyzing women’s valued functionings, their conditions and thus their sense of empowerment and their experienced opportunity costs emerge. Central to the analytically framed societal structures and how agency can be perceived within each structure are the social conversion factors, the norms that allow or hinder action. To frame the complexity of women’s conditions for active agency and the outcome of their actions, I use a theoretical framework that will comprise both goals and processes. Sen’s (1999) ideas on social choice along with Archer’s (1995) theory on social change, using her model of structural elaboration / reproduction, have proved useful when investigating women’s valued functionings and attained social changes. The results of the study show that when formal education is not adequate, knowledge is obtained outside the formal educational institutions. This is done through both non-formal and informal learning. However, to get access to informal learning, a number of valued functions have to be gained. These functionings are thus both conditions for change and an end in themselves. I try to show that the costs involved in transgressing the prevailing norms are high, but lack of hope, agency and empowerment are also experienced as a high cost for those who have, in fact, imagined another better life and are in opposition to the inhibitory societal structures. This is, however, a part of what motivates some women to continue to be involved in societal change in order to achieve a life they have reason to value.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-10 10:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Kilger, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Talking talent: Narratives of youth sports selection2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In sports, there seems to be an eternal interest in discovering young talents and refining them into elite adult athletes. The dilemma of selecting talent, while at the same time ensuring every child´s right to participate, needs to be addressed and have consequences in social practice. This dissertation elucidates the discourse of selection and the process of selecting young sporting talents during final selection camps for youth national teams in football, hockey and floorball in Sweden. More specifically, the aim is to analyze how talent selection is organizationally legitimized, how “selectability” is produced in interaction and how specific narratives are used in success-stories. The empirical material includes research interviews, performance appraisal interviews (between district or national team coaches and the player) and field studies during ongoing final selection camp. Drawing on a discursive-narrative approach, the aim is to investigate how selection is discursively legitimized and, by using narrative analysis, how positioning in talk-in-interaction functions.

    The first article investigates the construction of legitimate selection within the Swedish Sports Confederation by analyzing their organizational documents, sport journals and literature for coach education. The findings show how a specific set of narratives are used to legitimize selection and how legitimacy works both individually to those within the selection system and on a wider arena of welfare politics. The second article investigates the co-construction of selectability in small story-interaction during interviews between the coach and a player in the final selection camp. The analyses highlight how this narrative genre produces certain stories and preferred positions. The third article analyzes how the young participants, in research interviews during final selection camp, uses discursively shared narratives to produce personal stories of success. The findings illustrate how the personal stories of success are balancing the dilemmatic space, positioning yourself as outstanding and at the same time appear a humble team player.

    The principal contribution of this dissertation is to show how talent is organizationally legitimized and how selectability is produced in interaction, as well as illustrate how specific stories are used in stories of success. This work investigates the discursive framework for selection and how rationalities for talent selection are produced (and reproduced) and co-constructed in narrative interaction. In this apparatus of selection it takes more than physical talent to be chosen; it takes talking talent.

  • Löwenhielm, Anna
    et al.
    Marschall, Gosia
    Sayers, Judy
    Andrews, Paul
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Opportunities to acquire foundational number sense: A quantitative comparison of popular English and Swedish textbooks2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present analyses of popular grade one textbooks, one from each of England and Sweden. Focused on Foundational Number Sense (FoNS), we examine how each book’s tasks facilitate children’s learning of those number-related competences that require instruction and which underpin later mathematical learning. Analyses identified both similarities and differences. Similarities lay in   books’ extensive opportunities for children to recognise and write numbers and undertake simple arithmetical operations. However, neither offered more than a few tasks related to estimation or simple number patterns. Differences lay in the Swedish book’s greater emphases on different representations of number, quantity discrimination and relating numbers to quantity, highlighting conceptual emphases on number. The English book offers substantially more opportunity for students to count systematically, highlighting procedural emphases.

  • Lindhagen, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Passifying the Passive: A contrastive study of the use of the passive in Naguib Mahfouz’s al-Ṯulāṯiyya and its Swedish translation.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hartgers, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Value creation in a reregulatedmarket: Divestments, firms, and dynamic processes2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis makes use of the unique reregulation of pharmaceutical monopoly in Sweden to critically examine intraindustry firm heterogeneity. It contributes to existing divestiture research as it studies the dynamism in between reconfigurations of value constellations and its effects on value creation of divested pharmacies. Because the findings showed that the predominant theory of intraindustry firm heterogeneity could not explain firm performance, the value constellation concept was applied as it captured the phenomena. A patterned finding informed how reconfigurations of value constellations in a reregulated market characterized by strict rules, regulations, and high competition did not generate additional value for firms on short term. My study unveils that value creation is hampered in situations where rules and regulations significantly affect firms’ ability to reconfigure their value constellations. The key practical implication is an alternative perspective on fundamental aspects of the reregulation and how policy-makers may impede firm performance and the intended creation of new value for not only firms but for society as a whole.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-09 10:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Todorov, Ivo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Individual Differences in Multitasking: Support for Spatiotemporal Offloading2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In both the private and work spheres, multitasking among three or more activities has become and is continuing to evolve as a pervasive element of everyday life, and recent technological advances only seem to be exacerbating the process. Despite attempts to understand the mental processes that let humans successfully multitask, little is known about the functional cognitive level at which these mental processes take place. This thesis makes a case for the involvement of spatial ability (among other cognitive abilities) in successful multitasking behavior. It focuses on the importance of the cognitive off-loading of executive control demands onto spatial ability, due to the inherent complexity of relationships between task goals and deadlines in multitasking scenarios. Importantly, it presents a working hypothesis—the spatiotemporal hypothesis of multitasking—as a tool for making specific predictions about multitasking performance, based on individual and sex differences in spatial ability.

    In Study 1, individual differences in spatial ability and executive functions emerged as independent predictors of multitasking performance. When spatial ability was decomposed into its subcomponents, only the coordinate (metric), but not categorical (nonmetric), processing of spatial relations was related to multitasking performance. Males outperformed females in both spatial ability and multitasking, and the effects were moderated by menstrual changes, in that sex differences in coordinate spatial processing and multitasking were observed between males and females in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, but not between males and females at menses. In Study II, multitasking performance reflected age- and sex-related differences in executive functioning and spatial ability, suggesting that executive functions contribute to multitasking performance across the adult life span, and that reliance on spatial skills for coordinating deadlines is reduced with advancing age. The results of Study III, in which the spatiotemporal hypothesis was directly scrutinized, suggest that the spatial disruption of multiple deadlines interferes with multitasking performance. Overall, these findings suggest that multitasking performance, under certain conditions, reflects independent contributions of spatial ability and executive functioning. Moreover, the results support the distinction between categorical and coordinate spatial processing, suggesting that these two basic relational processes are selectively affected by female sex hormones and are differentially effective, even across the age span, in transforming and handling temporal patterns as spatial relations in the context of multitasking. Finally, fluctuations of sex hormones exhibit a modulating effect on sex differences in spatial ability and multitasking performance.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-09 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Sommer-Houdeville, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Remaking Iraq: Neoliberalism and a System of Violence after the US invasion​, 2003-20112017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After the invasion of Iraq and the destruction of Saddam regime in 2003, the US administration undertook the complete remaking of Iraq as a national-state. The initial steps of the US administration were the quasi eradication of the old Iraqi State. Then, this nation-building endeavor has been based on a federal constitution promoting an Ethno- sectarian power sharing and the attempt to transform what was once a centralized economy into a comprehensive market driven society. However, the post-2003 period had been marked by the rising of identity politics, the constant delegitimisation of the new political order and successive episode of massive violence. Obviously, the question of violence and its apex in 2006-2007, is central to understand the post-2003 period in Iraq. For the first time in Iraqi history, waves of ethno-sectarian violence seriously challenged the possibility of a common life for all the diverse components of the Iraqi society. The Iraqi nation seemed to have been consumed in an existential conflict between components and communal identifications once relatively integrated. Therefore, there is a need to render an analytical account of the aggressive rise of identity politics, the outbreak of violence and finally the episodes of civil war in 2005-2007 in Iraq.

    This study aims to answer these questions by tracking the different political and social processes that have been at play during the American occupation of Iraq and that lead to the events of 2005-2007. In order to do so, I will consider the dynamical relations that link political institutions, violence and self-identifications in regard to the Iraqi society and Iraq as a National State. This research is built as a case study based mostly on qualitative analysis and the collection of empirical data, interviews, and fieldwork observations as well as primary and secondary sources. I set out to identify actors and processes and determine a complex chain of reactions (a trajectory) that led to the current state of affairs in Iraq. This trajectory could be summarized in few sentences:

    The destruction of the old Iraqi State and the brutal implementation of Neo-liberal rationality and re- regulations policies by the US occupation ended into a dystopian economy and the creation of an "absent state" (Davis, 2011). Since its very first day, this US lead nation-building endeavor has been flawed by a complete lack of legitimacy and its substitution with coercion by the US and the New Iraqi "State" security apparatus. Meanwhile, the imposition and the institutionalization of Ethno-sectarian affiliations as a principle of political legitimacy contributed to transform the different communities of Iraq into main avenues for access and control of scarce economic and political resources. In a way, US occupation and new Iraqi elites were deflecting the political question of right following a movement similar to what Mamdani and Brown describe as a "Culturalisation of Politics" (2004, 2006). The result was a failure to establish a legitimate and functional political and economic order. This led to the rise of a System of Violence, organized around networks of violence. Within the System of Violence, Culturalisation of Politics would be translated into Culturalisation of Violence. This would contribute to the sectarianisation of space in Baghdad and other localities of Iraq, as well as "manufacturing" (Gregory, 2008) and essentialising sectarian representations and identifications within the society.