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  • Junker, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Junker, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sönnergren, Mimmie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Snälla någon förklara hur man lever!!": En diskursanalys av självmords- kommunikation på diskussionsforumet Flashback2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the taboo subject of suicide is communicated, perceived and experienced on the largest Swedish online discussion platform Flashback Forum. The aim is to describe and analyze how the subject is constructed and reconstructed in 2.484 suicide specific discussion posts initiated by suicidal individuals on the forum. The empirical material is based on 25 threads active during a one-year period. The sample was categorized by using an analytical tool designed by Malin Wreder (2007) based on concepts from Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory. Two conflicting approaches to suicide were identified. The suicide tolerant discourse views suicide as an accepted way out of prolonged suffering. The other suicide critical discourse has an opposing view. Within these discourses four key concepts (suicide, freedom, responsibility and future) was identified as nodal points. Frank’s theory of illness narratives was used to place the stories of the discussion participants within a larger theoretical framework. One conclusion is that the cultural preferred idea about suicide as a temporary curable condition is challenged by the suicide tolerant discourse. For a suicidal individual suffering can be experienced as eternal hence a reception with one-sided focus on restitution may hinder rather than help.

  • Public defence: 2016-12-09 13:00 FP21, Stockholm
    Puschnig, Johannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Puschnig, Johannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    How ISM properties drive Lyman Continuum Escape2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis introduces physical processes that are at work in astrophysical plasmas and reviews the current state of research related to the emission of ionizing photons, i.e. Lyman continuum (LyC). Star forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei are discussed as sources of LyC. Observations of LyC leakage at all redshifts are summarized and escape fractions are brought into a cosmological context, i.e. its implications for the reionization of the Universe, one of the major gas phase changes that was completed already after ∼1Gyr after the Big Bang at redshift z∼6.The main work focuses on observations of the local LyC leaking galaxy Tololo 1247-232. Physical properties of the interstellar medium, its porosity and neutral medium column density, could be derived using newly obtained Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data. The work is based on spectroscopy obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS), as well as optical and ultraviolet multi-band imaging with the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3). An improved COS data reduction procedure was adopted. The recent detection of ionizing radiation emerging from Tololo 1247-232 could be confirmed. A LyC escape fraction of 6.6% was derived, in agreement with previous results. We used FUV absorption lines of Si II and Si IV as a probe of the neutral and ionized interstellar medium and find that most of the ISM gas is ionized, likely facilitating LyC escape from density bounded regions. Neutral gas covering as a function of line-of-sight velocity is derived using the apparent optical depth method. The ISM is found to be sufficiently clumpy, supporting the direct escape of LyC photons. We further report on broadband UV and optical continuum imaging as well as narrowband imaging of Lyα, Hα and Hβ. We also performed VLA 21cm imaging. The hydrogen hyperfine transition was not detected, but a deep upper limit atomic gas mass of 10^9 Mo could be derived. The upper limit gas fraction is only 20 percent. Evidence is found that the H I gas halo is relatively small compared to other Lyman Alpha emitters.

  • Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Communication Technology and Reports on Political Violence: Cross-national evidence using African events data2016In: Political research quarterly, ISSN 1065-9129, E-ISSN 1938-274XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The spread of internet and mobile phone access around the world has implications for both the processes of contentious politics and subsequent reporting of protest, terrorism, and war. In this paper, we explore whether political violent events that occur close to modern communication networks are systematically better reported than others. Our analysis approximates information availability by the level of detail provided about the date of each political violent event in Africa 2008-2010 and find that while access to communication technology improve reporting, the size of the effect is very small. Additional investigation find that the effect can be attributed to the ability of journalists to access more diverse primary sources in remote areas due to increased local access to modern communication technology.

  • Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Heritage Under Attack: Motives for targeting cultural property during armed conflict2016In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although attacks on cultural property have caused international outcry, our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In particular, little research has been directed towards exploring the motivations for such attacks. Therefore, we ask: What are the motives for attacking sites, buildings or objects representing cultural heritage? By combining insights from peace and conflict research with findings from heritage studies we present atypology of motivations for attacking cultural property. We identify four,not mutually exclusive, broad groups of motives: (i) attacks related to conflict goals, in which cultural property is targeted because it is connected to the issue the warring parties are fighting over (ii), military-strategic attacks, inwhich the main motivation is to win tactical advantages in the conflict (iii),signalling attacks, in which cultural property is targeted as a low-risk target that signals the commitment of the aggressor, and (iv) economic incentives where cultural property provides funding for warring parties. Our typology offers a theoretical structure for research about why, when, and by whom,cultural property is targeted. This is not only likely to provide academic benefits, but also to contribute to the development of more effective tools for the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.

  • Mikica B., Kocic
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    Mikica B., Kocic
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
    The Square-Root Isometry of Coupled Quadratic Spaces: On the relation between vielbein and metric formulations of spin-2 interactions2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bimetric theory is an extension to general relativity that introduces a secondary symmetric rank-two tensor field. This secondary spin-2 field is also dynamical, and to avoid the Boulware-Deser ghost issue, the interaction between the two fields is obtained through a potential that involes the matrix square-root of the tensors. This square-root “quantity” is a linear transformation, herein referred to as the square-root isometry. In this work we explore the conditions for the existence of the square-root isometry and its group properties. Morever we study the conditions for the simultaneous 3+1 decomposition of two fields, and then, in terms of null-cones, give the (local) causal relations between fields coupled by the square-root isometry. Finally, we show the algebraic equivalency of bimetric theory and its vielbein formulation up to a one-to-one map relating the respective parameter spaces over the real numbers.

  • Kanli, Georgia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Kanli, Georgia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Method for the classification of brain cancer treatment's responsiveness via physical parameters of DCE-MRI data2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tumors have several important hallmarks; anomalous and heterogeneous behaviors of their vascular structures, and high angiogenesis and neovascularization. Tumor tissue presents high blood flow (F) and extraction ratio (E) of contrast molecules. Consequently there is growing interest in non invasive methods for characterizing changes in tumor vasculature. Toft's model has been extensively used in the past in order to calculate Ktrans maps which take into consideration both F and E. However, in this thesis we argue that for accurate tumor characterization we need a model able to compute both F and E in tissue plasma.

    This project has been developed as part of a larger project, working toward building a Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS): an interactive expert computer software, that helps doctors and other health professionals make decisions regarding patient treatment progress. Using the Gamma Capillary Transit Time (GCTT) pharmacokinetic model we calculate F and E separately in a more realistic framework; unlike other models it takes into account the heterogeneity of the tumor, which depends on parameter a-1. a-1 is the width of the distribution of the capillary transit times within a tissue voxel. In more detail, a-1 expresses the heterogeneity of tissue microcirculation and microvasculature.

    We studied 9 patients pathologically diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a common malignant type of brain tumor. Several physiological parameters including the blood flow and extraction ratio distributions were calculated for each patient. Then we investigated if these parameters can characterize early the patients' responsiveness to current treatment; we assessed the classification potential based on the actual therapy outcome. To this end, we present a novel analysis framework which exploits the new parameter a-1 and organizes each voxel into four sub-region. Our results indicate that early characterization of response based on GCCT can be significantly improved by focusing on tumor voxels from a specific sub-region.

  • Högås, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Högås, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    On the consistency of multigravity theories2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis a set of recently proposed multigravity theories is analysed. In the special case of bimetric gravity, the theory has been conclusively shown to be ghost-free. On the other hand, for multigravity theories in general, the ghost-issue has not been settled conclusively. Motivated by this fact, the main object of this thesis is to clarify what has been proven so far and what issues that still needs to be addressed. We also provide new calculations and results pointing in the direction that the multigravity theories must be restricted to a set of bimetric Hassan-Rosen couplings in a tree-type structure in order to be consistent. In particular, we prove that for a multivielbein theory of  interacting vielbeins, the Lorentz equations of motion is a set of  Deser-van Nieuwenhuizen conditions if and only if the theory consists of bimetric Hassan-Rosen couplings in a tree-type structure.

  • González-Fernández, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    González-Fernández, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Entre nodos y nudos: ambivalencias emocionales en la migración transnacional: Una aproximación etnográfica a las emociones a partir de familias transnacionales entre Bolivia y España2016In: ODISEA. Revista de Estudios Migratorios, ISSN 2408-445X, no 3, 99-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Hedström Mace, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Hedström Mace, Andreas
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Ingemarsson, Katarina
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Koha på SUB!: Implementering av Koha på Stockholms universitetsbibliotek2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Fries, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Fries, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    "Att bli skapande av det nya": Fem dramapedgogers uppfattningar av drama som verktyg i vuxnas lärande för hållbar utveckling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation gives a back-ground presenting what Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) and pedagogical drama is, and it presents research on drama-use in ESD. The aim of the study is to explore drama as a tool in adult learning for sustainable development, in a Western context. The assumption is made that drama does have a potential as a tool in learning for sustainable development, and the question of how is raised. The study has a qualitative approach and by interviewing five drama teachers it explores possibilities and difficulties with using drama in ESD and what makes drama useful in ESD. Phenomenography has been used as the method to analyse the phenomenon Drama teachers’ perceptions of drama in adult learning for sustainable development. The result shows both possibilities and difficulties with using drama in ESD and four categories of description are presented: Conditions for Drama, where sufficent time, skills of the leader, ethical awareness and voluntary participation are described as prerequisites for drama. The category Meet is about creating a group climate that is the basis of all drama work. The category Learn is about acquiring knowledge, becoming motivated and equipped to act for sustainable development. Drama is helpful here as it is action-oriented, fun and evokes emotions that can lead on to reflection and motivation.  Create is the last category, where focus is on a deeper understanding of yourself as an actor in a larger context. Drama is described as a tool to become a co-creator of something new and focus is on a larger societal change, rather than individual behavioural change for sustainable development. Transformative learning is presented as a theoretical framework and the results show that the learning discribed in the category Create can be seen as transformative.

  • Hinteregger, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Hinteregger, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Gerettet werden oder sich selbst retten?: Eine dekonstruktivistische Textanalyse ausgewählter Märchen der Brüder Grimm2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Baumann, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Baumann, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Dass Sie so argumentieren, erschreckt mich!: Strategien der verbalen Ablehnung in Fernsehtalkshows.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    German talk shows enjoy great popularity among the TV audience and the most acclaimed ones can reach several million viewers each week. Talk shows are public platforms where the participants give their opinion on current events and present their ideas to a broad audience. The fact that they take place in public is of great importance. As politicians, journalists or legal experts, they do not only take part in a debate but also represent their own public image or possibly even the institutions they work for. The role they take within the discussion influences the perception of them as a person during the show and can affect their professional life outside of the talk show as well. This thesis analyses acts of verbal rejections used by participants and moderators of German TV talk shows as to how they impact the image of the recipient with regard to their role within the discussion. In accordance with the concept of face, introduced by Goffman, Brown and Levinson, this study evaluates acts of rejection according to their potential of face threatening, as well as possible revaluation for the critics own face. The analysis will draw attention to expressions used to undermine other participants’ ability to argue correctly as well as their credibility in the discussion assessing the importance of such acts in the light of the public nature of the discussion. Finally, this paper will also give view of the moderators’ role in the show, as, apart from their neutral leading position in the discussion, they too can express rejection or become victim of the participants’ criticism.

  • Andersson, Rasmus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, German.
    Andersson, Rasmus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, German.
    Wer sich den Göttern widersetzt, der stirbt jung: Untersuchung der Unvermeidbarkeit des Suizids in Die Leiden des jungen Werthers hinsichtlich der Strömung des „Sturm und Drang“2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    Der Ausgang des Romans Die Leiden des Jungen Werther (1774, von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) wird beim ersten Anblick oft als tragische Folge einer unglücklichen und unerwiderten Liebe zu Lotte angesehen. In dieser vorliegenden Arbeit wird der weit erforschten Frage der Unvermeidbarkeit des Suizids im Werk eine alternative Deutung geliefert. Diese ist außerhalb des Romans angesiedelt, und zeigt, dass der Suizid schon in der Epoche angelegt ist.

  • Steeneck, Daniel
    et al.
    Steeneck, Daniel
    Eng-Larsson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Jauffred, Francisco
    Estimating demand for substitutable products when inventory records are unreliable2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a procedure for estimating demand for substitutable products when the inventory record is unreliable and only validated infrequently and irregularly. The procedure uses a structural model of demand and inventory progression, which is estimated using a modied version of the Expectation Maximization-method. The procedure leads to asymptotically unbiased estimates without any restrictive assumptions about substitution patterns or that inventory records are periodically known with certainty. The procedure converges quickly also for large product categories, which makes it suitable for implementation at retailers or manufacturers that need to run the analysis for hundreds of categories or stores at the same time. We use the procedure to highlight the importance of considering inventory reliability problems when estimating demand, rst through simulation and then by applying the procedure to a data set from a major US retailer. The results show that for the product category in consideration, ignoring inventory reliability problems leads to demand estimates that on average underestimate demand by 5%. It also results in total lost sales estimates that account for only a fraction of actual lost sales.

  • Skyllborg, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Skyllborg, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Att musicera tillsammans är att vara delaktig i ett större sammanhang.: En studie om musikundervisning i gymnasiesärskolan.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Särskolan har kritiserats för att ha ett allt för stort omsorgsperspektiv och att det konkurrerar med kunskapsutvecklingen för eleverna. Den relationella pedagogiken talar för att det är viktigt för elevers lärande att kombinera både omsorg och kunskap genom att bygga goda relationer och den sociokulturella teorin betonar vikten av kommunikation och samspel för lärande. Syftet med den här studien är att belysa hur några musiklärare på individuella programmet i gymnasiesärskolan tänker kring elevernas lärande utifrån samspel, kommunikation och vikten av goda relationer samt musikämnets betydelse och möjligheter. Frågeställningarna är: Hur tänker musiklärare kring elevernas lärande när det gäller samspel och kommunikation, relationers betydelse för lärande och musikämnets betydelse för elevernas lärande och utveckling? Studiens analys är gjord utifrån en fenomenografisk metodansats och metoden är semistrukturerade intervjuer som transkriberats. Intervjupersonerna är fem musiklärare som arbetar i gymnasiesärskolan. Resultatet visar på att det inom musikundervisningen finns olika former av kommunikation och att både samspel och kommunikation används för lärande, men att det också är förmågor som uttryckligen tränas inom ämnet. Vikten av att bereda eleverna plats och deltagande i ett större sammanhang betonas samt musikens förmåga att bidra till elevernas sociala utveckling, konstnärliga färdigheter och att musiken kan fungera som ett språk där orden inte räcker till eller når fram. Aspekter av hur betydelsefullt det är att hela personalgruppen har en tilltro till elevernas utvecklingspotential lyfts fram samt vikten av att den kollegiala samverkan fungerar eftersom både lärare och assistenter finns med på lektionerna.

    Nyckelord

    Gymnasiesärskolan, musik, samspel, kommunikation, delaktighet, relationer

  • Simonsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Simonsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Undervisning och språkstörning i praktiken: En kvalitativ studie om språklig sårbarhet i en komplex kontext2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur lärare organiserar undervisning för elever med språkstörning, för att så långt som möjligt motverka funktionsnedsättningens negativa konsekvenser. Skollagen utgår från FN:s bestämmelser om att säkerställa mänskliga rättigheter som jämlikhet och delaktighet. Hur förverkligas egentligen de här reglerna för elever med språkstörning i skolans praktik?

    För att belysa lärares perspektiv på fenomenet användes kvalitativa intervjuer i studien. Sex lärare deltog och samtliga undervisade i grundskolans åk två till fem. Lärarna hade en eller flera elever med utredd språkstörning i klasserna. Undersökningen genomfördes i två kommuner. Dessutom intervjuades två specialpedagoger med inriktning mot tal och språk i en av kommunerna. Studien genomfördes med hermeneutiken som utgångspunkt.

    Undersökningen visar att det i praktiken finns ett gap mellan logopedins rekommendationer och konkreta åtgärder omkring språklig träning i skolan. Kontinuitet, systematik och tid för att planera anpassningar som främjar tillgänglighet, hänger samman med enskilda rektorers eller lärares förståelse och engagemang. Brister omkring organisering av effektivt stöd drabbar elever med språkstörning särskilt hårt. På sikt påverkar det deras möjligheter att aktivt delta i samhällets demokratiska processer.

    Att ordna pedagogiska miljöer i möte med språkstörning kräver förståelse om elevernas hela situation i samarbete med föräldrar. Dessutom fordras tvärprofessionell samverkan mellan logopeder och skola. Lärarnas uppfattning är att de inte får tillräckliga möjligheter att förbereda och kontinuerligt reflektera över insatser som görs i samarbete med logopeder. Struktur för konkret dokumentation om framgångsrika anpassningar och stödåtgärder vid stadieövergångar eller lärarbyten, förefaller viktiga för hur elever med språkstörning bemöts i skolan eller hur tillgänglig undervisning ordnas.

  • Olsson, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Olsson, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Lärares erfarenheter och tankar av undervisning för elever inom autismspektrumtillståndet, i en skola för alla –: med fokus på matematiken2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolämnet matematik syftar bland annat till att eleverna ska utveckla sin förmåga att följa och föra matematiska resonemang och att kunna redovisa sina tankegångar både muntligt och skriftligt. Förmågor som kan vara problematiska för elever inom autismspektrumtillståndet. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad lärare erfarit och deras tankar om matematikundervisningen för elever inom autismspektrumtillståndet (AST), i en skola för alla.

     

    Följande frågeställningar kommer att behandlas:

     

    • Vilka erfarenheter och tankar har lärarna av undervisning för elever inom AST?
    • Hur tänker lärarna kring integreringen av elever inom AST, i en skola för alla?
    • Vilka erfarenheter har lärarna kring matematikundervisningen av elever inom AST, då det gäller eventuella hinder, viktiga verktyg, bedömning och undervisningsstrategier?

     

     

    Undersökningen är en intervjustudie där halvstrukturerade intervjuer har använts. Fyra matematiklärare, som alla arbetar i grundskolan, deltar i studien.

     

    Resultatet visar att elever inom autismspektrumtillståndet generellt inte har några matematiksvårigheter och att de intervjuade lärarna inte tycker att undervisningen för elever inom AST skiljer sig nämnvärt mot undervisningen för elever utan diagnoser. Med tillgång till resurser och anpassade undervisningsmiljöer säger sig lärarna att integreringen av elever inom AST i en skola för alla, fungerar bra. Den muntliga bedömningen fungerar oftast bättre än den skriftiga. Lärarna anser att informationen från hemmet är det viktigaste verktyget för att en integrering i den inkluderande undervisningen ska fungera. Det framkommer även att de intervjuade lärarna inte har någon specifik utbildning för att undervisa elever inom AST och att flera av dem eftersöker det.

  • Nyback, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Nyback, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Att vara en kämpande läsare: Pojkars självbild i gymnasiet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att pojkar presterar sämre i läsning än flickor i skolan är en trend som kunnat observeras över hela världen under en längre tid. Orsakerna kan vara biologiska eller sociokulturella. I min uppsats har jag undersökt hur pojkars självbild som läsare i gymnasiet ser ut. Jag har intervjuat fyra pojkar från olika årskurser i en svenskspråkig gymnasieskola i södra Finland om läsning och böcker. Utgående från en fenomenologisk livsvärldsansats och en hermeneutisk tolkning av materialet har jag sedan försökt ta reda på hur deras självbild ser ut, vad som format den samt vilka konsekvenser den får. Resultatet är att olika faktorer, både inre och yttre, format självbilden från fall till fall, samt även att självbilden kan ha en stark inverkan på läsprestation. Jag fann däremot att genus inte är av så stor betydelse när en självbild som läsare skapas. 

  • Skolseg, Aud
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Skolseg, Aud
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Mutvig, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Att möta nyanlända elever: En intervjustudie av pedagoger2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Persson, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Bengtsson, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Matematiklärares erfarenhet av att undervisa elever i behov av särskilt stöd i grundskolans senare år2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based in a sociocultural perspective the study aims at illustrating how teachers in mathematics perceive their possibilities of supporting students in mathematical difficulties and how their schools support the teaching practices to those pupils. The methodological approach is phenomenographic and data was collected in half structured interviews with ten professionals teaching mathematics to Swedish 13-16-year-old students from 10 different schools. The results show that, due to the heterogeneity in students’ achievements, teachers perceive the time a limiting factor to individualising and meeting the needs of every student. The findings also indicate that the designs of the schools’ supportive structures are governed by traditions and an individualistic perspective. Thus, ability grouping and supportive measures outside the classroom of ordinary teaching are common. However, the picture is dual. The interviewed teachers express a wish for inclusive teaching and teacher collaboration, promoting a common responsibility for a complex teaching situation. Yet, organisational obstacles and the schools’ scarce resources inhibit inclusion. Further, findings suggest that both the extent and forms of support provided to the mathematics teachers differ, ranging from almost non-existent to well-developed forms of collaborations in mathematics teams, co-teaching and supervision of special educators or head teachers in mathematics. Further training was the support teachers consistently found most important and demanded the most. 

  • Ludvigsen, Anita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Ludvigsen, Anita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Stenmark, Anna
    Framgångsrik läsförståelseundervisning och bedömning: En kvalitativ studie om skickliga lärares undervisning för alla elever2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lindberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Lindberg, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Bergvall, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Undantagsbestämmelsen: Ett möte mellan vision, styrdokument och praktik2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lindberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Lindberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Samarbete mellan speciallärare och lärare i svenska i årskurs 4-62016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kragmo, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Kragmo, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Viman, Kristin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vad är subtraktion för dig?: En fenomenografisk studie om elevers, lärares och speciallärares uppfattningar om subtraktion.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Furingsten, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Furingsten, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    "Vi håller hela tiden på med läsförståelse": En studie om lärares och speciallärares syn på och arbetssätt med läsförståelse de tre första skolåren på Åland2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bernövall, Jeanette
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Bernövall, Jeanette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Björklund, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Speciallärare i matematik: Några speciallärares upplevelser av sin yrkesroll i praktiken2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att studera några speciallärares upplevelser av sitt uppdrag och hur de uppfattade sina möjligheter att arbeta i enlighet med vad som beskrivs i examensordningen. Vi riktade oss till speciallärare med specialisering matematikutveckling. Särskilt fokus låg på samarbete och samverkan mellan specialundervisning och ordinarie undervisning. Vi har inspirerats av en fenomenografisk ansats då vi ville få syn på variationen i individers uppfattningar. Som metod valde vi semistrukturerade intervjuer med speciallärarna. De sex speciallärarna som vi intervjuade hade tagit sin examen under 2014 och 2015. Resultatet analyserades utifrån ett relationellt perspektiv. Speciallärarnas uppfattningar om vad som ska ingå i speciallärarrollen varierar. Arbetsuppgifterna som våra respondenter beskriver att de har är också skiftande. Det som framhålls som en speciallärares speciella yrkeskunskap är ofta relaterat till den enskilda eleven. Respondenterna ger olika bilder av försök till inkludering och vad det kan innebära i den pedagogiska praktiken och stödet ges både individuellt och inom klassens ram. De är tusenkonstnärer i sina roller och har fler uppgifter inom kompetensområden som inte tillhör matematiken. Vår analys av resultaten visar att det finns ett glapp mellan den pedagogiska praktiken och den formella kompetensen. Detta glapp riskerar att skapa dilemman. I den pedagogiska verkligheten är specialläraren en som tar hand om besvärliga elever. För att skapa delaktighet krävs hållbara och utvecklingsbara strategier som med en pedagogisk taktfullhet, flexibilitet och en genomtänkt kombination av specialundervisning och ordinarie undervisning ger förutsättningar för lärande och utveckling för alla elever (Magne, 1998; Gerrbo, 2012; Ljungblad, 2016). I planering med ledning och arbetslag behöver speciallärarens kompetens användas för att skapa sådana förutsättningar. Glappet riskerar annars att förstärkas, då avståndet mellan de politiska besluten och verksamhetens förutsättningar är för stort. Det behövs ett förändrat syn- och förhållningssätt där hjälplärarrollen fasas ut och speciallärarens uppdrag blir en pedagogisk förstärkningsresurs på individ, grupp och organisationsnivå i samspel.

  • Lilja, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lilja, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dynamisk dans - som en återvändsgränd...: En studie om dansstuderande gymnasieelevers upplevelse av begreppet dynamik i relation till dans2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Öberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Öberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    "...ad exaltacionem nominis venerabilis domine beate Katerine...": Fem Katarinamirakler ur Cod. Skokloster I 4° 152010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ledin, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Ledin, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Mokhtari, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Språkstörning - vad är det egentligen?: En studie om lärares kunskaper om och arbetssätt med elever med språksvårigheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka kunskaper lärare har om språkstörning samt hur de arbetar med elever som har dessa svårigheter. I syftet ingick också att undersöka lärares uppfattningar om kompetensutveckling och tidigare utbildning inom området. Undersökningens metodansats var fenomenografi och som teoretisk utgångspunkt användes sociokulturell teori. Tio lärare i två olika skolor, en i innerstaden och en i förorten, intervjuades. Intervjuerna analyserades med en fenomenografisk analysmodell och flera olika kategorier kunde utkristalliseras.

    Trots att grundskolorna ligger i så olika socioekonomiska områden visade studien ett samstämmigt resultat mellan skolorna. Det främsta resultat var att lärare inte känner till funktionsnedsättningen språkstörning, mer än till beteckningen, trots att det statistiskt sett finns minst en elev i varje klass med varierande grad av språkstörning. Det framkom även av studien att ingen av de intervjuade lärarna hade fått någon utbildning eller fortbildning vad gäller språkstörning och att kunskapen om språkstörning var bristfällig. Lärarna arbetade på samma sätt med dessa elever som med andra i behov av särskilt stöd. Ingen av lärarna var nöjda med den specialpedagogiska hjälpen och flera ansåg att det är specialläraren som ska ta hand om elever som har språksvårigheter. Det visade sig även att personliga intressen i hög grad styr vilken typ av fortbildning som genomförs. En slutsats var att den enskilda läraren har fått huvudansvaret för elever med språksvårigheter, utan att ha tillräcklig kompetens för detta.

  • Grandelius, Maggie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Grandelius, Maggie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kreditupplysningar: integritet och effektivitet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Alderhorn, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Alderhorn, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Videospel och dess upphovsrättsliga skydd2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nilsson, Lave
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Nilsson, Lave
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Clearing & settlement of financial derivatives: a comparison between formal exchange & OTC from a Swedish perspective2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Seigelstrand, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Seigelstrand, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    HFD:s domar om personaloptioner: hur förhåller sig svensk rätt till internationell rätt och EU-rätt?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Danneman, Michaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Danneman, Michaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    The Paris Agreement´s compliance mechanism2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Doramar, Gönül
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Doramar, Gönül
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Uppförandekoder inom svensk marknadsrätt2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Edmark, Johannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Edmark, Johannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Offentlig-privat samverkan: en rättslig analys av en framväxande samverkansform inom offentlig upphandling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Edström, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Edström, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Analys av Solvens 2 regelverkets inverkan på styrelse och VD:s externa skadeståndsansvar vid överträdelse av tillsynsmyndighets föreskrifter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Olsen, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Olsen, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kränkningar i tjänsten: i hur stor utsträckning ska lärare och andra särskilda yrkesgrupper kunna erhålla kränkningsersättning?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ahmedi, Vandad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ahmedi, Vandad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Crowdlending: konsumentskydd och parternas ställning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Romanus, Mimmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Romanus, Mimmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Barnets bästa vid föräldrarnas samarbetssvårigheter: blir du lycklig, lille vän?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Zachries, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Zachries, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Korrektur av journalanteckningar: patientens rätt att påverka innehållet i sin egen journal2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Juncke, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Juncke, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    FYI for your information: en studie av informationskraven i personuppgiftslagen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Krause, Jakob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Krause, Jakob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Snyltning genom användning av annans namn och bild: en studie av skydd för personlighetsrätter i marknadsföringssammanhang2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Andersson, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hur påverkas domstolens bedömning av barnets bästa i mål om vårdnad, boende och umgänge av en förälders otillbörliga förfarande?: särskilt om umgängessabotage och otillbörlig påverkan av barn2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hovi, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hovi, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Funktionsteorier i diskrimineringsersättningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Johansson, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Till frågan om användningen av allmänna rättsprinciper och rättssäkerheten i förvaltningsrätten: svensk rättskultur i omvandling?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Åstrand, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Åstrand, Mikaela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Barns rätt till personlig integritet i förhållande till vårdnadshavaren2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jonasson Collberg, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Jonasson Collberg, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Konkurrensrättsliga inslag i skiljeförfaranden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Roslund, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Roslund, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Tillgodoser Kriminalvården barnets bästa i förhållande till barnets rätt till umgänge?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sihlén, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Sihlén, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Störningar i boendet: sambandet mellan den civilrättsliga och straffrättsliga störningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis