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  • Alexandra, Carla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Alexandra, Carla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Reimagining the city through art: Tactics, opportunities and limitations from Experiment Stockholm2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformation of cities is a challenge of global significance that will depend on the capacity to re-imagine the potential of cities, and thus needs more than standard technocratic urban planning approaches. Deep engagement with the arts provides one avenue for recasting the future of cities. This thesis explores the question of how ‘critical urban art interventions’ develop alternative ways of knowing urban nature, and the opportunities and limitations of using art to reimagine the future of cities. By drawing on urban political ecology and cultural geography, the thesis documents and explores the aims and tactics used in five urban art interventions to reimagine sites of urban nature in Stockholm. Qualitative interviews and participant observation were carried to explore these questions. Findings suggest that tactics used in urban art interventions promote embodied ways of knowing, and simultaneously interacting with the physical and socio- historical constructions of sites of urban natures. 

  • Messa, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Messa, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From Fish to Fission: Changing sense of place and risk perception in a power plant host community2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior studies suggest that proximity to nuclear power plants do not affect concerns regarding perceived risks of nuclear power. This thesis applies and compare Swedish plant Ringhals with prior studies but with the added intent of addressing the relationship between plant and population. The host community Bua is positive towards Ringhals and the changes it has brought. To some degree more so than results of prior studies with a higher than national average percent of study respondents being in favor of nuclear power. When Ringhals was established, Bua was small and had little power to impact the decision. Today, the population is bigger and have a better chance to affect future pathways for their community. While positive towards nuclear power the population expresses concerns over possible future changes. A large scale change like the construction of a power plant is less likely to happen again.

  • Berndt, Jaqueline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Berndt, Jaqueline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Manga beyond Critique?2016In: Kritika Kultura, a refereed electronic journal of literary/cultural and language studies, ISSN 2094-6937, no 26, 166-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Lundberg, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Lundberg, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Lag Time: Skillnader mellan erfarna och oerfarna tolkar?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study which explored the possibility to map a difference between experienced and inexperienced interpreters in their use of lag time. Lag time is the time difference from when the interpreter hears an utterance until the interpreter him/herself starts producing an equivalent utterance. Earlier researchers (for example Cokely, 1992 and McDermid, 2014) have found that this affects the result of the interpretation and that is why this is interesting to explore from a perspective of interpreting experience. In this study three inexperienced interpreters and three experienced interpreters were recorded during a partly scripted role play. After the recording, the material was analyzed by using a stop watch to see how far behind the interpreter’s utterance was produced after the speaker’s utterance in different segments. The result showed that it was not a general difference between the experienced and inexperienced interpreters in their lag time, instead there were individual differences. What was also found is that it is difficult to identify how to define and measure lag time.

  • Public defence: 2016-10-14 09:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Stockholm
    Svedén, Jennie B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Svedén, Jennie B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Cyanobacterial Nitrogen Fixation in the Baltic Sea: With focus on Aphanizomenon sp.2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyanobacteria are widely distributed in marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Some cyanobacterial genera can convert di-nitrogen gas (N2) to bioavailable ammonium, i.e. perform nitrogen (N) fixation, and are therefore of profound significance for N cycling. N fixation by summer blooms of cyanobacteria is one of the largest sources of new N for the Baltic Sea. This thesis investigated N fixation by cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea and explored the fate of fixed N at different spatial and temporal scales. In Paper I, we measured cell-specific N fixation by Aphanizomenon sp. at 10 ºC, early in the season. Fixation rates were high and comparable to those in late summer, indicating that Aphanizomenon sp. is an important contributor to N fixation already in its early growth season. In Paper II, we studied fixation and release of N by Aphanizomenon sp. and found that about half of the fixed N was rapidly released and transferred to other species, including autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria, diatoms and copepods. In Paper III, we followed the development of a cyanobacterial bloom and related changes in dissolved and particulate N pools in the upper mixed surface layer. The bloom-associated total N (TN) increase was mainly due to higher particulate organic N (PON) concentrations, but also to increases in dissolved organic nitrogen (DON). About half the PON-increase could be explained by the sum of N-fixing cyanobacteria, other phytoplankton (>2µm) and zooplankton, indicating that production was stimulated by the N fixation. In Paper IV, we used a growth model based on measured photosynthesis–irradiance relationships to explore the production potential of Aphanizomenon sp. The model included data on irradiance, biomass, temperature and light attenuation (1999–2013). Until the bloom peak, the modelled production matched the measured biomass, indicating low production losses. Over the whole season, the modelled production could explain a substantial part of the summer TN increase, assuming that plausible losses (such as grazing or cell lysis) are retained within the upper mixed layer. Complementing the other data, we also investigated the nutrient content (Paper I) and varying cell width (Paper IV) of Aphanizomenon sp. By a combination of approaches, this thesis has contributed new information on cyanobacterial N fixation rates, the transfer of fixed N to other organisms in the food web and shown the potential for fixed N to stimulate summer primary and secondary production in the Baltic Sea.

  • Public defence: 2016-10-14 13:00 Nordenskiöldssalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Stockholm
    Mohme, Gunnel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Mohme, Gunnel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Somali-Swedish Girls - The Construction of Childhood within Local and Transnational Spaces2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores diaspora experiences among Somali-Swedish parents and their daughters where the girls are enrolled in a Muslim-profiled school. The thesis uses migration theory with a transnational perspective, with findings that depart from the traditional view of migrants’ rootedness in a single country. It adopts the new paradigm for the sociology of childhood, where childhood is regarded as a social construction and children are considered to possess agency and competence. Anthony Giddens’s structuration theory and its main concept ‘duality of structure’ was employed as a theoretical tool. Methods that were used were participant observation, interviews (individual and in group) and analysis of essays.

    The thesis consists of three studies. The first study explores how Somali-Swedish parents explain their choice of a Muslim-profiled school for their children. The results refute the traditional view that such choices are solely faith-based, showing faith as important but not determining. Important factors were finding a school that met their high educational ambitions and  made both parents and children feel trusted, safe and not disrespected because of their faith and skin-colour.

    The second study explores transnational experiences, particularly the transfer of transnational practices from the Somali-Swedish parents’ to their children and the construction of a transnational social space, built on close global relationships. The results show that transnational practices are feasible irrespective of physical travel. The study also exemplifies the group’s readiness to relocate between countries by the onward migration from Sweden to Egypt, and implications for the children are illuminated. Somalis in diaspora often explain their propensity to move by their past nomadic life-patterns, but this study shows as strong factors the desire for better opportunities in combination with experiences of cultural and economic marginalisation in the West.

    The third study analyses how girls in grade 5 (about eleven years old) imagine their future career and family life by analysing essays. The findings reveal that their dreams are both consistent with the expectations of their families (in particular, high educational ambitions) and inspired from elsewhere (particularly in terms of future family life). How the girls imagine their adulthood could be seen as an example of how their original culture is subject to change in a new environment.

  • Public defence: 2016-10-14 13:00 William-OIssonsalen, Stockholm
    Gribenski, Natacha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Gribenski, Natacha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Comparison of dating methods for paleoglacial reconstruction in Central Asia2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reconstruction of former Central Asian glaciers extents can provide valuable information about past atmospheric circulation variations. These extents, often marked by terminal moraines, need to be chronologically constrained. Cosmogenic nuclide exposure (CNE) dating is widely used to directly date moraines. In addition, there is increasing interest on using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques for dating glacial landforms. This thesis focuses on the methodological aspects of directly dating glacial landforms to perform paleoglacial reconstructions in Central Asia, with an emphasis on OSL dating.

    For OSL dating of sediments from glacial settings, it is important to measure the luminescence signal at the single grain scale, because the sediments are likely affected by partial bleaching due to short light exposure during glacial or glaciofluvial transport. The use of an Electron Multiplying Charges Coupled Device (EMCCD)-based imaging system for single grain OSL measurements would offer larger flexibility in light stimulation and sediment type, compared to the current Single Grain Risø reader. An automated image processing procedure has been developed to compensate for sample carrier displacement over repeated measurements and for attributing pixels to each grain for signal integration when using this imaging system. However, significant cross talk contamination, demonstrated by laboratory and simulation experiments, prohibits accurate single grain luminescence measurements. Preliminary experiments using a basic image processing algorithm show good potential for software correction solutions.

    Paleoglacial reconstructions conducted in the Altai Mountains, Central Asia, using both CNE and OSL dating demonstrate that luminescence measurements of glaciofluvial sediments performed at the multi-grain scale result in large age overestimates, and that single grain measurements allow for more accurate dating of glacial landforms. However, uncertainties remain that are related to the model used for extracting equivalent doses for well-bleached grains and to fading corrections when using feldspar minerals. The timing of glaciation can be inferred from scattered CNE moraine boulder ages if most of the ages are concentrated within a few thousand years, with only few ages clearly older or younger. Overall, combining CNE and OSL techniques for dating a glacial landform is a powerful approach for producing robust glacial chronologies, despite uncertainties inherent to each technique.

    Paleoglacial reconstructions from the Altai Mountains indicate Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2 and MIS 4/late MIS 5 local Last Glacial Maximums. In Central Asia, in addition to a regional MIS 2 glaciation, previous studies indicate a period of major glacial advances during MIS 3 that is out of phase with global ice volume records. However, most MIS 3 glacial chronologies from Central Asia are based on too few or too heavily scattered CNE data sets, or on OSL or Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) ages for which partial bleaching has not been properly investigated. Hence, at this stage, chronological evidence is insufficient to demonstrate a regional MIS 3 glaciation in Central Asia.

    Surge-related glacial features identified in the Russian Altai also highlight the importance of conducting detailed geomorphology and sedimentology studies to understand former ice dynamics, which is essential for inferring appropriate paleoclimate information from paleoglacial reconstructions.

  • Public defence: 2016-10-14 10:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Patten, Clifford G. C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Patten, Clifford G. C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Mobility of gold and other metals during alteration of the oceanic crust: Implications for the formation of VMS deposits2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tremendous physical and chemical exchanges occur along oceanic ridges between the lithosphere, the hydrosphere and the biosphere. During these exchanges important mobilisation of metals by hydrothermal fluid circulation takes place within the oceanic crust. Volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) deposits are hydrothermal ore deposits rich in Cu-Zn-Pb bearing sulphide minerals that form during submarine venting of these hydrothermal fluids near the seafloor. A proportion of the metals enriched in these deposits are mobilised from deeper crustal levels during high-temperature hydrothermal alteration. Gold-rich VMS deposits represent an important sub-set of VMS deposits that are enriched in Au and related elements such as As, Sb, Se and Te. The processes that form Au-rich VMS are still debated, due in part to our lack of understanding of the behaviour of these elements during formation and alteration of the oceanic crust.

    In this thesis we carry out a systematic investigation into the behaviour of Au, As, Sb, Se and Te during evolution of the oceanic crust. Three localities are studied: the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Hole 1256D in the Cocos plate, the Troodos ophiolite in Cyprus and the ODP Hole 786B in the Izu-Bonin forearc. The investigation has been carried out using cutting-edge analytical techniques including ultra-low detection limit analyses of Au and other metals in rock samples. The objectives of the thesis are 1) to quantify the mobilisation of metals including Au, related elements As, Sb, Se and Te and base metals during the alteration of the oceanic crust; 2) to determine the mineral reactions which promote this mobilisation; 3) to investigate the variability in metal mobility in different tectonic settings in the oceanic crust and 4) to investigate the extent to which the composition of  “source area” oceanic crust controls the composition of VMS deposits in different tectonic settings.

    The main outcomes of this study are fourfold. 1) The distribution of Au and related elements in primary crust varies considerably between different tectonic settings. Sulphide minerals play an important role in the behaviour of Au, Se and Cu during magmatic differentiation and hydrothermal alteration, but have a lesser influence on other metals. The oxidation state of the primary crust controls whether sulphide minerals are present, and thus is an important control on the budget and mobility of strongly chalcophile metals during hydrothermal alteration. 2) Large masses of Au and related elements are mobilised from the sheeted dyke complex in mid-oceanic ridge (MOR) and ophiolite settings. Significantly more metals are mobilised from the source areas than are trapped in the VMS deposits observed in these settings. Therefore, most of the metals mobilised from the source areas are lost, either during transport, venting, sedimentation or late fluid mobilisation. 3) Insufficient Au is mobilised from MOR settings at ODP Hole 1256D to form Au-rich VMS deposits. The quantity of Au mobilised from the Troodos ophiolite could potentially lead to Au-rich VMS formation but additional processes such as vapour separation by sub-seafloor boiling or magmatic volatile input would be required to increase the Au : base metal ratio. The lack of evidence for these processes in Troodos implies that Au-rich VMS deposits are not likely to be abundant in this area. 4) Isotopic and trace element evidence supports magmatic input in the hydrothermal system at ODP Hole 786B, implying that magmatic fluid input into hydrothermal systems leaves a specific signature which can be tracked.

  • Public defence: 2016-10-15 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Spangen, Marte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Spangen, Marte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Circling Concepts: A Critical Archaeological Analysis of the Notion of Stone Circles as Sami Offering Sites2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis discusses a category of cultural heritage that has been labelled "Sami circular offering sites", aiming to establish some basic facts about their origin, distribution and use, as well as their cultural and socio-political context and influence. The stone enclosures in question have been interpreted as Sami offering sites since the mid-19th century, but a discourse analysis of the research history indicates that this may have been based on a scholarly hypothesis rather than ethnographic or archaeological evidence. Furthermore it is questioned if all the structures that are currently included in this category are in fact remains of the same cultural practice. This is investigated through surveys of 81 suggested circular offering sites in Norway, two excavations and analyses of the find material. The large stone enclosures in counties Finnmark and Troms that were first categorised in this way prove to have quite consistent builds and measurements and a find material mainly dating between the 13th and 17th centuries. These structures are here labelled type 1. In contrast, constructions that have later been added to the category, particularly in other areas, have other and less consistent characteristics and seem to include remains of a range of different activities. They are here divided into two generic types 2 and 3. The thesis further discusses alternative interpretations for the type 1 structures, concluding that their materiality, construction, location, topography and finds are consistent with archaeological, historical and ethnographic evidence for wolf traps. Their distribution indicates a regional Sami cultural practice related to inland winter habitation and travel routes, while also apparently coinciding with the Russian/Karelian taxation area in northern Norway in the Middle Ages. Thus the builds may have been inspired by the fur trade or other activities of the latter groups. It is uncertain when exactly the installations fell into disuse, as datings are calibrated to AD 1450-1650. The abandonment could be related to the decline of Novgorod as a fur trade centre, Russian loss of taxation rights in northern Norway, increased Swedish impact in the inland areas and Norwegian activity along the coasts, which all led to changes in administration, taxation, trade patterns and demand for furs. The contemporary decimation of the wild reindeer population, increased reindeer herding and introduction of new weapons like crossbows, guns and foothold traps, may all have made permanent trapping installations less useful. The sites may, however, have gone out of use at different times. Certain finds of marrow split bones, very recent coins and other objects suggest a later reconceptualisation of some structures as offering sites, whether as a local explanation or inspired by the later scholarly definition. Throughout the thesis, the construction and distribution of the archaeological category and the preference for the ritual or religious interpretation are discussed as results of specific socio-political contexts, where stereotypical notions about Sami identity and culture have had a strong impact. The thesis explores how academic and other narratives influence each other within certain discourses of power and indigenous "rights and rites", and the continuous mutual impact on individual actions and emotions through networks of people, power and things. The present reinterpretation challenges existing academic and local narratives. It is based on the materiality of the structures, but the offering site explanation is not positively refuted. Yet, as part of an authorised heritage discourse, the present statement is more likely to impact future categorisation and practices than other narratives within other discourses, expressing a persistent and inherent power inequality. This may be ethically problematic in the context of an indigenous minority, but it may also be argued that the role of the archaeologist expert is precisely to expose the insisting materiality of the past and the power/knowledge networks that promote specific narratives about it.

  • Hillström, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Hillström, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Regeringen har idag beslutat: Textanalys av Utbildningsdepartementets pressmeddelanden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en deskriptiv studie av Utbildningsdepartementets pressmeddelanden. Syftet med dessa pressmeddelanden är att kärnfullt, positivt och begripligt presentera regeringens politik på ett sätt som får journalister att vilja återpublicera nyheten. Jag har undersökt i vilken mån syftet uppnås genom att analysera hur Utbildningsdepartementet och regeringen framträder, hur politiska beslut och andra skeenden framställs samt hur denna information presenteras. Genom en undersökning av genomslag i nyhetsartiklar har jag tagit fram åtta stycken pressmeddelanden som sedan analyserats med en metod bestående av draganalys och systemisk-funktionell grammatik.

    Resultatet visar bland annat att skeenden över lag framställs som konkreta och dynamiska händelser, att regeringen framstår som aktivt påverkande och att pressmeddelandena ofta är begripliga och klarspråkliga. Resultaten visar dock även att vissa pressmeddelanden inte lyckas uppfylla det kommunikativa syftet för texttypen, att ingressen ofta avviker genom att vara väldigt specialiserad, samt att vaga och abstrakta referenter kan sänka begriplighet och nyhetsvärde.

  • Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Institute for Interpreting and Translation Studies.
    Postmodern picture books as hypertexts?: Postmodern picture book design as resource for cognitive learning.2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of my postdoctoral research project called “Play, parody, intertextuality and interaction: postmodern Flemish picture books as semiotic playgrounds”. The paper deals with the influence of new media on the design of ‘older media’, more specific contemporary picture books for children. It unites insights from postmodern picture book research with studies on hypertexts and new media. The so called ‘loop books’ by Flemish picture book maker Tom Schamp are used as a case study to look at how postmodern picture book design can be used as a resource for cognitive and interactive learning. Also a comparison is made between the use of spatial and temporal reading paths in the loop books and in hypertexts and new media.

  • Paola, Sartoretto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Latinamerikanskainstitutet.
    Paola, Sartoretto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Latinamerikanskainstitutet.
    The Circumstantial Media Activist: An Analysis of the Relation between Media and Political Representation2016In: Javnost - The Public, ISSN 1318-3222, Vol. 23, no 3, 274-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative or radical media are kinds of media production common among social movements whose members do not see their causes represented in mainstream media. This is the case of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which since 1984 has created media outlets and produced content for different platforms, later becoming active in the area of media and communication rights in Brazil. Based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014, this article proposes that a perspective of communication rights is attentive to the structural configuration of the media landscape and not only to the provision of technology and production skills. This study shows that collective action and promotion of structural change are still relevant alongside new technologies.

  • Moreno, Rosa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Moreno, Rosa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La interferencia interlingüística en la producción oral de jóvenes suecos de ELH: "Después el perrito se comió un corvito"2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the ocurrence of interlangual influence in the oral production of young Swedish HL speakers of the Chilean variety of Spanish. The Study is guided by two research questions. The first question inquires into the sources language(s) influences in ILL (Swedish L2 vs. English L3). The second question focuses on the factors that determine the incidence of ILL. The data were elicited by means of a narrative task and an interview. A questionnarie was also used to gather sociolinguistic information from the participants. The results suggest that the Swedish L2 was the main source of influence in ILL against English L3, which did not play an important role. In addition to this, it was found that the occurrence of ILL was determined by various linguistic factor. 

  • Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Halabya, Ghena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Är det okej att be om hjälp?: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga vuxna resonerar kring psykisk ohälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how young adults reason when it comes to mental illness among their peers and how they look upon seeking support and help for mental illness.

    This study is based on three focusgroupinterviews with 14 young adults in Sweden. The theoretical framework is labeling theory, which describes deviation as a process in which society forces social problems as a label onto people until they begin to identifies as deviants. Our results show that young adults are openminded when it comes to mental illness among their peers, but they are on the other hand negative towards seeking help for it. The explanation for this seems to be that many young adults have experiences of mental illness and therefor they believe it is a very important subject, although seeking help for it are strongly connected to stigma because of the prejudice that only people with severe psychological diagnoses are the ones that seek help. Most young adults with mental illness do not have psychological diagnoses and therefor associate seeking help with deviation.

    Other identified reasons for not wanting to seek help are lack of knowledge and bad experiences with former help-seeking.

  • Ahlesten, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ahlesten, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykometriska egenskaper hos Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykologisk inflexibilitet är ett centralt begrepp inom Acceptance and committment therapy (ACT). I enlighet med teorin bakom ACT är människor psykiska lidande starkt sammankopplat med komponenterna som utgör psykologisk inflexibilitet; upplevelsemässigt undvikande och kognitiv fusion. Det psykiska måendet bland barn och ungdomar tenderar att försämras och behovet av psykologiska vårdinsatser ökar. I det sammanhanget är det viktigt med fungerande skattningsinstrument som möjliggör bedömningar och utvärderingar av vårdbehov och vårdinsatser. I uppsatsen undersöktes psykometriska egenskaper hos självskattningsinstrumentet Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y) i en grupp ungdomar som vårdas av Statens institutionsstyrelse. Av resultaten framgick att såväl reliabilitet som validitet var god i de utvalda måtten, faktorstrukturen tolkades som endimensionell. Även graden av psykologisk inflexibilitet i gruppen undersöktes. Bland undersökningsdeltagarna hade flickorna signifikant högre AFQ-Y-resultat jämfört med normpopulationen. Pojkarna avvek inte från normpopulationen.

  • Åberg, Jeanette
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åberg, Jeanette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Löfström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av bildskapandets betydelse i en självhjälpsgrupp med fritt bildskapande och samtal: - En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working with art therapy can be a way to enhance psychic health. However little is written about the experience of using art therapy in self-help groups. The present study intended to explore that. Respondents were five participants and the project leading art therapist with experiences from self-help groups containing free imaging and talk. Interviews were made and analysed through thematic analyses. Three themes emerged (Personal development, Imaging and Context), containing twelve categories (Agency/empowerment, Challenging yourself, Increased quality of life, Desire, Permissiveness/ unpretentiousness, Symbolic value of image, New tooles, Processing/ insights, Flow, Community with others, Culture in care and society and Importance of premises). The result indicates that the participants experienced an increase in health, self-efficacy and fellowship. Additional research is however needed to confirm possible connections between art therapy and increased health.

    Keywords: self-help groups, art therapy

  • Ekeberg, Dennis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ekeberg, Dennis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Relationship between Interpersonal Touch and Attachment Organization2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between interpersonal touch, attitudes towards touch, and attachment organization. using a sample of Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (N = 420) and a battery of tests including a short form of the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR-S), Touch Avoidance Questionnaire (TAQ), and the newly developed Interpersonal Touch Scale (IPTS). In line with previous research, the results revealed that attachment avoidance have significant limiting impacts on type specific touch behaviors. Mediation of touch avoidance could fully account for the relationship between attachment avoidance and several type specific touch behaviors, but not for hitting behavior (which also was correlated with attachment anxiety). No significant target specific relationships were observed except for a moderate correlation between attachment avoidance and lower frequency of partner touch, partly mediated by touch avoidance.

  • Ohm, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ohm, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala medier i det terapeutiska rummet - dess utrymme och betydelse2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Löfström, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Löfström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åberg, Jeanette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av bildskapandets betydelse i en självhjälpsgrupp med fritt bildskapande och samtal - En kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working with art therapy can be a way to enhance psychic health. However little is written about the experience of using art therapy in self-help groups. The present study intended to explore that. Respondents were five participants and the project leading art therapist with experiences from self-help groups containing free imaging and talk. Interviews were made and analysed through thematic analyses. Three themes emerged (Personal development, Imaging and Context), containing twelve categories (Agency/empowerment, Challenging yourself, Increased quality of life, Desire, Permissiveness/ unpretentiousness, Symbolic value of image, New tooles, Processing/ insights, Flow, Community with others, Culture in care and society and Importance of premises). The result indicates that the participants experienced an increase in health, self-efficacy and fellowship. Additional research is however needed to confirm possible connections between art therapy and increased health.

  • Geite, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Geite, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Självskattad funktion i deklarativt och procedurellt minne2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den gängse modellen för långtidsminnet med fem minnessystem och processerna inkodning och framplockning av minne ger att störningar bör kunna observeras inom tio områden. Vissa av dessa är dock dåligt beforskade. Ett självrapporteringsformulär för att skatta nedsättningar i visuospatialt och verbalt deklarativt minne samt procedurellt minne framställdes och validerades. Studien genomfördes med en enkät med Likertskala som validerades med faktoranalys och reliabilitetsanalys (Cronbachs α). En enkät med en itempool bestående av 71 item administrerades till ett bekvämlighetsurval av friska, vuxna personer (N=144). En slutgiltig enkät framställdes som innehöll 25 item fördelade på 4 faktorer varav en innehöll item av verbal, semantisk karaktär, en innehöll item av procedurell karaktär och två innehöll item av visuospatial karaktär. Multivariat variansanalys (MANOVA) användes för att pröva effekterna av de demografiska variablerna ålder, kön och utbildningsnivå på rapporterad minnesfunktion i de olika minnessystemen. Resultaten av analysen av demografiska variablers påverkan skiljde sig avsevärt från resultat av prestationsbaserade studier av minnesfunktion. Vid ett fortsatt arbete med instrumentet skulle urval, itemkonstruktion och analysmetod behöva förbättras.

  • Hultqvist, Pandora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hultqvist, Pandora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Det handlar inte om mat utan om känslor: -Könsskillnader i emotionsreglering bland ätstörda patienter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Flodin, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Flodin, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Equity in rural water resource development and management: A case study of Kilombero Valley, Tanzania, and the investments delivered by a participatory and demand-driven NGO2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand-driven and participatory approach to water resource development and management in Tanzania has been both praised and criticized; some see progress where others see increased inequalities. This study focuses on one progressive, demand-driven NGO which has a participatory approach to water resource development and management. This NGO, MSABI, is active in Kilombero Valley in southern Tanzania, and can be considered successful as it manages to keep 91 % of its water points functional, whilst the national average for pump functionality is just above 50 %.

    To study the performance of MSABI from a user perspective, it was decided that two sites in Kilombero Valley should be investigated in terms of users’ views on water access and quality. The identification of sites is based on population density and landcover change, so that the issues of scale and urban bias, as well as changes in the landscape affecting hydrological processes, are accounted for. In total, 29 interviews were conducted (October to November 2014), 15 at the Ifakara study site, the more densely populated location, and 14 at the Mchombe Ward study site. The interviews were semi-structured, using a participatory approach, focusing on users’ perspectives on water sources and the access to and quality of those water sources in dry and rainy seasons. The information gathered was used to construct definitions for water access and quality. These definitions, as well as the two locations and categorization of participants according to socio-economic status, were then used to sort and analyse the collected material.

    The results show that MSABI does not manage to make water accessible in an equitable way because of its demand-driven and participatory approach to water resource development and management. However, MSABI offers the only improved water source at the Mchombe Ward study site, except for one improved open well. MSABI manages to counter urban-bias better than any of the other water resource development and management facilitators encountered at the two study sites. The seasons influence water access, especially at the more peripheral locations, where improved water sources are less common and, as open water sources, are more prone to drought and contamination. When participants in Ifakara seasonally migrate for farming, during 4-5 months per year, the majority’s access to improved water sources is lost. At the distant seasonal fields, open water sources are more common and few report that they treat the unsafe water. The migration to peripheral farmlands coincides with the rainy season, causing open water sources to have their lowest water quality when seasonal migrants utilize them. This underlines the importance of securing safe water supply for people at remote locations, and the important role MSABI plays as water resource developer at those locations.

    In conclusion, if the current demand-driven and participatory approach to water resource development and management is to be retained, regardless of the heavy criticism it has received with regards to equity, this study suggests that the practices of MSABI should be spread further based on MSABI’s ability to increase safe water access at remote locations. Another recommendation is to further look into the effects of seasonal migration on access to safe water. The effect seasonal migration has on water access in Kilombero could exist in other areas in Tanzania or in other countries. The aspect of seasonal migration might show that water access statistics are misleading, as the seasonal water consumption in remote locations risks being omitted in official statistics. 

  • Salomonsson, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Salomonsson, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Groddjur i Solna - Inventering, spridningsvägar och förbättringsförslag2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of amphibians has decreased worldwide. Causes include landscape fragmentation and habitat loss. In Sweden all amphibian species are protected and according to the EU Habitats Directive, both the great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) and its habitat are protected. Inventory of amphibians is important because it shows if the environment has a good ecological status since other groups of organisms thrive in the same conditions as the amphibians. Amphibians themselves are also important in the ecosystem.

    In Solna, Stockholm County, an inventory of amphibians was made in seven ponds and migrating routes between them were investigated. Smooth newt (Lissotriton vulgaris) was found in five of the ponds which indicates good conditions in breeding ponds, and great crested newts were found in two ponds. The common frog (Rana temporaria) and the common toad (Bufo bufo) were found in one of the ponds.

    Several major barriers exist in the study area, such as the railway, the motorway E4 and Bergshamravägen, which effectively cut off the natural areas and make it difficult for fauna to migrate. There need to be more and better migrating routes. Therefore measures are proposed for Solna municipality to get a functioning network of breeding ponds. Minor measures, such as clearing an overgrown pond where the great crested newt is present, can be helpful. Another suggestion is to create fauna lanes in tunnels for cars and pedestrians, which allows amphibians and other fauna to get past a barrier like roads. According to the ”Program för Nya Ulriksdal” a pond will be removed when a green area is to be exploited. A suggestion is that the pond should be preserved or compensatory measures shoud be performed by constructing a new pond. More costly measures, such as broad ecoducts or tunnels for passing the railway and the motorway, are also proposed. More migrating corridors should be created and fauna passages projected in urban planning. Preserving existent migrating corridors is also of importance.

  • Pierre, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Pierre, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Utvärdering av material till lekplatser ur miljö- och hälsoskyddssynpunkt2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms stad är examensarbetets uppdragsgivare i ett samarbete mellan Exploateringskontoret, Kemikaliecentrum och Trafikkontoret. Studien syftar i huvudsak till att undersöka lekplatsmaterial ur miljö- och hälsoskyddssynpunkt.

    Åtskilliga studier visar att lekplatsmaterial kan innehålla miljö- och hälsofarliga ämnen. Barn är dessutom särskilt känsliga för exponering av kemikalier genom sitt beteende och fysiska förutsättningar.

    Stockholms stads miljöprogram och kemikalieplan prioriterar barns exponering för kemikalier och har utarbetat särskilda kriterier med barnfokus. För att systematiskt arbeta med kemikalieplanens mål används miljöbedömningssystemet Byggvarubedömningen. Ett huvudsyfte med studien var att granska Stockholms stads leverantörers sortiment av lekplatsmaterial i miljöbedömningssystemet och utvärdera hur väl systemet harmoniserar med stadens kemikaliekriterier för barnspecifika miljöer. En kemikaliesmart produktlista skapades också som ett resultat av analysen i Byggvarubedömningen. Leverantörernas miljö- och kemikaliearbete granskades likaså i en enkätstudie.

    Stadens aktörer tar hänsyn till ekonomi, säkerhet, platsanpassningar, tillgänglighet, miljökrav, drift, unik utformning och funktionskrav utöver miljö- och hälsoaspekter vid anläggning av lekplatser. Examensarbetet utreder också dessa olika aspekter och hur stadens aktörer kan resonera vid val av markbeläggning på lekplats i litteraturstudie baserad på intervjuer med byggprojektledare och landskapsarkitekter.

    Resultatet visar att Byggvarubedömningen till stor del uppfyller stadens kemikaliekrav utöver att produkter med SBR – gummi och ett fåtal hormonstörande ämnen inte filtreras. Produktlistan är ett positivt hjälpmedel ur det avseendet då det krävs kunskap om kemikalier och kriterier för att sortera ut de produkter som inte uppfyller kraven. Listan behöver dock uppdateras då fler bedömda produkter tillkommer kontinuerligt, vilket är en tids- och kunskapskrävande uppgift.

    Merparten av de deltagande leverantörerna i enkätstudien arbetar aktivt med hållbarhetsfrågor. Kemikaliekompetens och arbete med livscykelanalys var generellt låg hos leverantörer. Det är svårt att dra slutsatser om hur leverantörerna granskar sin egen leverantörskedja vad gäller produkternas kemikalieinnehåll.

    Litteraturgranskning och analysen i Byggvarubedömningen uppmärksammade också att EPDM - gummi som används i stället för återvunna däck kan innehålla oönskade ämnen. Gummimaterialen är komplexa och innehållsdeklareras också felaktigt och sparsamt i vissa fall. Dessvärre omfattas inte heller offentlig lekplatsutrustning av Leksaksdirektivets strängare kemikalie- och dokumentationskrav eller CE-märkning.

    Vid val av markbeläggning på lekplats är intressekonflikter främst relaterade till kombinationen säkerhet, tillgänglighet och miljö- och hälsoaspekter. Det finns inga formella hinder för användning av gummi som markbeläggning i staden (exkl. återvunnet gummi eller gummi som bedöms som ”Undviks” i Byggvarubedömningen). Studiens resultat visar dock att det kan finnas anledning att vara försiktig med användningen av gummi. Fallskyddsgummi kan vara befogat på ytor där kombinationen säkerhet och tillgänglighet bör uppfyllas. I övrigt tyder lekvärden, graden av fysisk aktivitet och tillgänglighetsaspekten på att gummit kan bytas ut till material som är bättre ur miljö- och hälsosynpunkt. Att undersöka alternativa material som uppfyller säkerhet, tillgänglighet och miljöaspekter är också angeläget.

  • Sjöstrand, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Sjöstrand, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Fuelwood on the Fringes: An analysis of conflict surrounding fuelwood access on the Southern boundary of Borjomi-Kharagauli Protected Areas, Georgia2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes the contested struggles for fuelwood extraction and protection around the Borjomi-Kharagauli Protected Areas (BKPA) of central Georgia in light of wider debates over the reconciliation of biodiversity conservation and livelihood security in the developing world. Particular focus is given to conflicts over local peoples’ struggles in accessing fuelwood and the ways and extentto which these struggles are influenced by broader forces. In endeavoring to answer these questions, interviews were conducted with local people living on the margin of BKPA as well as with conservation authorities involved in the development and ongoing management of the park. The results of theresearch suggest that considerable obstacles to fuelwood access remain despite BKPA policies permitting fuelwood extraction in several of the studied villages. Furthermore, the association of nonstate actors in the development of BKPA coupled with the lack of participation of local people inongoing management provoke questions of legitimacy and governance. The study underscores that incontexts of widespread poverty and highly subsistence-based livelihoods, participatory management embodies the most effective and socially just approach to conservation.

  • Bergström, Catrin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Bergström, Catrin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Hälsorisker med avsaltat dricksvatten från Östersjön2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Brist på dricksvatten är ett hot som finns på många platser runtomkring i världen, även iflera områden i Sverige. En effekt av detta är att avsaltningstekniken har blivit en alltvanligare metod för att trygga dricksvattenförsörjningen och en växande gruppmänniskor konsumerar nu avsaltat dricksvatten. Avsaltat dricksvatten är dock en ganskany lösning på dricksvattenproblematiken i Sverige och det finns relativt lite forskningom vilka hälsorisker det kan finnas med att använda Östersjön som råvattenkälla. Syftetmed denna rapport är att öka kunskapen om potentiella hälsorisker med avsaltatdricksvatten från Östersjön. Den centrala frågeställningen handlar om vilka erfarenheteroch forskning om hälsorisker med avsaltat dricksvatten det finns och vilka hälsoriskersom kan finnas när Östersjön används som råvattenkälla i avsaltningsverk. Denlitteratur och information som ligger till grund för resultatet i denna rapport inhämtadesgenom litteratursökningar och genom att sakkunniga experter och tjänstemänkonsulterades. Resultaten i denna rapport visar bland annat att avsaltningsteknikenöverlag är en effektiv metod för att avskilja många typer av olika oönskade ochohälsosamma ämnen i dricksvatten. Avskiljningsgraden för alger och algtoxin iavsaltningsverk är hög, men det kan förekomma låga halter av alger och algtoxin idricksvatten från anläggningar med bristande underhåll. Vidare visar resultaten att detfinns indikationer på att konsumtion av avsaltat dricksvatten istället för vanligtdricksvatten kan vara ofördelaktigt för vissa individer eftersom avsaltat dricksvattenofta är mineralfattigt. De slutsatser som kan dras är bland annat att avsaltningsteknikenavskiljer många miljöföroreningar och andra ohälsosamma ämnen som finns iÖstersjöns havsvatten. Vidare bör försiktighet tillämpas eftersom låg avskiljningsgradav ännu okända föroreningar i Östersjön och potentiella hälsoeffekter av dessa inte kanuteslutas. Dessutom går det i nuläget inte att avgöra vilka hälsorisker låga halter avalger och algtoxin i dricksvatten från avsaltningsverk i dåligt skick skulle kunna föramed sig. Till sist kan slutsatsen dras att dricksvatten kan vara en viktig källa tillmineraler för individer som inte får i sig tillräckligt med mineraler via kosten. Det gårdock i nuläget inte att fastställa betydelsen av dricksvatten som en mineralkälla förindivider som äter en mineralrik kost.

  • Bohman, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Bohman, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Den arktiska permafrostens minskning och dess positiva feedback till den globala uppvärmningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    24 % of the Northern Hemisphere’s landmass is underlain by permafrost. 1 700 billion tonnes of organic carbon (C) is stored in the permafrost, and the ongoing climate change lead to permafrost thawing and carbon release.

    This study examines the extent of thawing permafrost and the estimated carbon emissions as a consequence of permafrost thawing. The results show an estimated decrease of near-surface permafrost up to 81% before 2100 due to an increase of the average global temperature. Thawing permafrost releases CO2 and CH4 to the atmosphere, which amplifies the greenhouse effect and creates a positive feedback to global warming.

    The magnitude of the positive feedback is uncertain but an average of 178 Pg C is expected to release to the atmosphere by 2100 if the anthropogenic emissions continues. A potential increase in biomass due to favorable growing conditions is not expected to offset the carbon emissions.

  • Ek, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Ek, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Kan dioxiner och tributyltenn ha kontaminerat Gäddviken, NV Nacka kommun?: En förstudie om förekomsten av organiska föroreningar från tidigare industriverksamhet i Stockholmsområdet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Stockholm area has been an industrial society for a long time resulting in thousands of polluted areas. These areas are characterized by high concentrations of heavy metals and organic toxins. The Swedish environmental goals include a specific paragraph assigned for polluted areas stating that in the year of 2020 there should be no areas that affects the environment or the health of the population.

    Gäddviken, which is one of these polluted areas, is situated in Nacka municipality approximately 3.5 km southeast of Stockholm inner city. The area has an attractive locality for building a new city district as it is situated by the sea and close to the city. Because of the polluted grounds, however it has to be decontaminated. Gäddviken has earlier been host to a pitch mill, oil depots both above ground and within the rock, a superphosphate plant, a sulfuric acid plant as well as a coffee roastery.

    The purpose of this study was to give a picture of the situation regarding organic toxins by studying if there are presumptions for enhance concentrations of dioxins or tributyltin (TBT) and, if so, where higher concentrations in should be situated. These two organic toxins have not been analyzed in earlier samples. The study, which has been based on literature, has an aspect of physical geography and quaternary geology including studying of maps to describe the natural settings in the area and how it has changed over time. A dataset of earlier analysis has been analyzed and partly illustrated in ArcMaps. Statistical correlations of the samples have also been done.

    The result of the study is that none of the industrial activities have polluted Gäddviken with dioxins or TBT. Higher concentrations of TBT, however, should be expected in other places around Svindersviken due to the high boats activities. If new samples where to be collected to confirm the results of this thesis the following is recommended. Samples for dioxins would be collected near the superphosphates old laboratory based on the experiments made there. Samples for TBT would be collected along the shoreline where many ships have been situated and also been sunken. Samples could also be collected in the sediments between Gäddviken and Hästholmssund to determine whether TBT have spread from boat activities north of the study area. Finally, a sample could be collected in the center of Gäddviken where high concentrations of zinc, copper, lead and arsenic overlaps. This would confirm whether it is the superphosphate plant that is the cause for the concentration of these metals or if these have been spread from the surrounding boat activities.

  • Hård, Johnnie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Hård, Johnnie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Pluvial översvämning, kartering av riskområden: Kullö, Rindö och Resarö i Vaxholms stad2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Short and intense rainfall, called cloudbursts, is becoming more frequent in Sweden as an effect of climate change. With that comes an increased frequency of flooding events caused by the heavy rainfall, called pluvial flooding. This is especially problematic in urban areas where large areas of impervious surface greatly increases the volumes of surface runoff. Mapping of bluespots, locations where pluvial flooding is more likely to occur, can be an important aid towards preventing this kind of flooding. This study concerns performing such a mapping for the islands Kullö, Resarö and Rindö in the municipality Vaxholms stad, Sweden. These islands are chosen for being future high development areas. The analysis is done through hydrological modelling of a digital elevation model. From that expected runoff volumes is calculated from statistical models of precipitation data. Analysis of the result concludes that the major road, 274, is expected to be affected by flooding along two sections. Some houses and other minor roads are also affected. But the overall impact on infrastructure and social functions is low. The mapping should be able to function as a tool in the flood preventative work of Vaxholms stad and in planning of future developments.

  • Clifford, Joseph
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Clifford, Joseph
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Frontiers of Fracking: Underground Political Ecology and Unconventional Energy in the Contested Landscapes of North West England2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gas obtained from previously unexploited shale rock strata has emerged as an economically viable way of sourcing additional fossil fuel energy resources after the so-called ‘shale gas revolution’ in the United States. In the United Kingdom, the incumbent government has committed to the development of its own shale gas resources. A highly polarised public debate has erupted on the risks and rewards of extracting the shale gas deposits that presently lie underneath large swathes of the country using the controversial method of hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’. This thesis examines how different groups in North West England – the major frontier of fracking in the UK – are contesting, resisting and negotiating the current government’s decision to sanction and push ahead towards the development a domestic shale gas industry. Employing a theoretical framework drawn from political ecology as its core mode of examination, this thesis utilises qualitative methods including in-depth interviews and participant observation techniques. It documents a range of social groupings that are contesting shale gas in the UK in a number of ways, and argues that landscapes and risk are fundamental hinges in this ongoing environmental conflict.

  • Flintberg, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Flintberg, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Vad är naturen värd vid exploatering av naturresurser?: En kvalitaitv studie över tillämpningen av kompensationsåtgärder vid två svenska infrastrukturprojekt.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how compensation measures are applied at two different infrastructure projects in Sweden. Through a qualitative content analysis of materials and documentation surrounding the cases Botniabanan and Förbifart Stockholm questions about the problems/difficulties that are deemed to occur in offset projects, how nature is valued and if compensation measures legitimize exploitation are answered. The result of the study shows that there are difficulties in evaluating the need for compensatory measures due to the uncertainties around environmental effects which complicate the choice of appropriate compensation. Infrastructure projects complexity, with respect to the various natural assets that are affected during the construction and operational phases complicates the application of compensatory measures. The environmental impact assessments lack of objectivity, clarity and consistency does not give an objective picture of the need for compensation. There is a clear risk of underestimation of infrastructure projects' impact on the natural values of protected natural areas. The anthropocentric perspective is the central starting point for the application of compensatory measures. Compensation principle legitimizes exploiters opportunity to make use of protected land in nature reserves and/or Natura 2000 areas. 

  • Arleskär, Staffan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Arleskär, Staffan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Bostadsrätt, gräsmark eller skog?: Hur har exploatering för bostadsbyggande år 2000-2015 påverkat Järvakilens funktion som spridningsväg?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a key driver of habitat loss, ecosystem degradation and has a great impact on biodiversity. Exploitation of buffer zones surrounding conservation areas and green structures in urban environment can affect biodiversity through reduced total area of habitat, increased edge effects and lost connectivity on a landscape level. The previous regional development plans for the Stockholm region, had the purpose of leaving large green structures undeveloped to secure core areas of great biological value by focusing on a dense city core. However, the latest regional development strategy puts stress on the green wedges by shifting the focal areas of the development into suburban regional city centers, in many cases close to the green wedges. The purpose of this study was to map habitat loss and changes in the total area of the Järva green wedge, west of Stockholm, caused by development of housing areas in previously sparsley exploited buffer zones, during the period 2000 – 2015. The study uses theories of landscape ecology, remote sensing and GIS to map and quantify habitat loss between 2000 and 2015. Two different birds were used as surrogate species, one grassland habitat specialist – Corncrake (Crex crex) and one forest habitat generalist – Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius). The two different surrogate species were used to identify how loss of two nature types could influence biodiversity and connectivity for a group of species. Documents and development plans on regional and local scale were also used to map and predict further habitat loss and exploitation of the green wedge until 2030. The result of the study shows that grassland habitat lost nearly twice the area than forest habitat due to development of housing areas during the period 2000 to 2015. A total of 1.3 km² of grassland and 0.7 km² forest habitat were replaced by housing areas during the fifteen years covered in the study, and the Järva green wedge will have lost a total of 3.84 km² buffer zones by the year 2030. The Corncrake and other grassland specialist species is likely to get most affected when grassland suffered the greatest habitat loss in the area. Even though the Eurasian jay has a key ecological function for the Oak forest in the Järva green wedge and relies on forest habitat for successful breeding, the loss of forest habitat will probably not affect the habitat generalist species in the same way. On a regional scale, the study suggests that habitat loss and fragmentation may affect grassland specialist species more than forest generalist species. The overall connectivity in the Järva green wedge is likely to get affected by a shrinking total area caused by narrowing of the green wedge until 2030. The function of the Järva green wedge as a dispersal corridor for biodiversity in the Stockholm region will most certainly get affected by further loss of buffer zones caused by exploitation of land for housing areas.

  • Kavouni, Kalliopi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education, Institute of International Education.
    Kavouni, Kalliopi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education, Institute of International Education.
    Primary School Teachers’ Perceptions onInclusive Education for Students with MentalDisabilities: A Comparative Case Study between Greece and Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People in children’s environment can significantly influence the process of inclusion in regular schools,teachers and their perceptions on students with special abilities are recognized asplaying a key role. As such, this study aims at investigating, comparing and analyzing Greek and Swedish primary school teachers’ attitudes on inclusive education for childrenwith mental disabilities, as well as their experiences concerning the impact students’ environment has on their efficient inclusion and development. To this end, interviews with them have been employed for data collection in this cross-cultural qualitative research.

  • Jessica, Storbjörk
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Jessica, Storbjörk
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Christophs, Irja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Samuelsson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Milander Yazdanpanah, Sarah
    Student/apprenticeship.
    A study of service user involvement in practice in the Swedish substance abuse treatment system: Methods, participants, and outcomes2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Demands for service user involvement has a long history in the general health and welfare sectors in Sweden, but user involvement has been lagging behind as concerns substance abuse treatment. “The position of the service user in substance treatment: A study of user involvement in practice” therefore sought to analyze perceptions of user involvement and the extent to which alcohol and drug users in this treatment sector can influence the choice of intervention in their own case. The study included both the perspectives of the service users and their professional service providers. The relationship between user involvement, satisfaction, and outcomes were explored, as well as potential differences in perceptions and experiences between various service user groups and service providers. The study applied a qualitative research approach by interviewing 36 service users and 23 service providers (pairs of service users and providers), and following them up three months later.

    The primary goal of the present technical report was to provide a quantitative exploration of research participant characteristics, user involvement and treatment satisfaction by different groups, including outcomes. The report uses tabular formats as well as several summaries of interview accounts. The report also outlines our theoretical point of departure and detailed information concerning the research methods and methodological considerations.

    [A Swedish summary is available in the report]

  • Khan, Shahyan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Khan, Shahyan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Management & Organisation.
    Leadership in the digital age: A study on the effects of digitalisation on top management leadership2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalisation and the phenomenon of digital transformation is rapidly and fundamentally changing existing businesses and organisations alike (Collin, 2015). Although considered a prime challenge for leaders of complex and changing organisations, research in the combined field of digitalisation and leadership however still remain scarce. As executives are tasked with the leading of digital transformation, this study aims to understand how digitalisation effects top management leadership. To achieve this, the study takes a two-folded approach by (1) outlining six characteristics of digitalisation and (2) analysing how these characteristics effect three contemporary forms of leadership: values-based, transformative and authentic leadership. Through a broad literature survey and 13 in-depth interviews with executives and organisational leaders, the study found that the six identified characteristics of digitalisation all effected the three forms of contemporary leadership. The different characteristics did not only change how the leaders practiced each of their leadership styles, but also how their leadership manifested itself through the use of various digital tools, methods and processes in order to enhance and empower their leadership. Even the sub-features of each leadership form were subject to this fundamental digital change. What was also found were three complementary perspectives when leading complex and changing organisations: the perspective of holism, virtuality and networked-based hubs. Each of these perspectives were premiered aspects to be considered as a contemporary leader. 

  • Haaland Pers, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Haaland Pers, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    I gränslandet mellan statsrepresentant och privatperson: En etnografisk studie av svenska privat-twittrande poliser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna masteruppsats behandlar gruppen privat-twittrande poliser – individer som i egenskap av privatpersoner skildrar sitt förhållningssätt och sina åsikter kring sitt yrke som polis genom sociala medie-forumet Twitter. Studien är baserad på etnografiskt fältarbete utfört under hösten 2014. Sedan den svenska Polisens officiella intåg på sociala medier under början av 2010-talet har fler och fler yrkesverksamma poliser börjat använda digitala plattformar såsom Twitter, Facebook och Instagram för att skildra en egen syn på den polisiära yrkesrollen samt diskutera Polisens samhällsfunktion och verksamhetsförfarande. Till skillnad från officiella myndighetsrepresentanter på Twitter står de privat-twittrande poliserna fria från det direkta representativa ansvar som det innebär att professionellt företräda staten och behöver således inte enbart handla i enlighet med den officiella verksamhetsagendan. Trots friheten från direkt ansvar upplevs dock många av individerna, av allmänheten, som polisrepresentanter i och med deras primärt yrkesrelaterade kommunikation. I gränslandet mellan statsrepresentant och privatperson upprättas en säregen maktposition vilken, med hjälp av Twitter som socialt verktyg, förstärker de privat-twittrande polisernas möjligheter att prägla och nyansera den samhälleliga föreställningen om det polisiära varandet.

  • Savilahti, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Savilahti, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Att utforma meningserbjudande undervisning för elever med utvecklingsstörning: En studie av lektionsdesign i grundsärskolans ämnesområde kommunikation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har en Lesson/Learning Study-inspirerad forskningsansats och syftar till att utveckla elevernas förmåga att tolka känslouttryck. Studien har genomförts i grundsärskolans inriktning ämnesområden (i vilken elever med svår och måttlig utvecklingsstörning går) och i denna uppsats fokuseras särskilt undervisningsdesignen. Syftet är att beskriva och identifiera vad design och iscensättning av olika lektionsmoment, i förhållande till tolkning av känslouttryck, erbjuder eleverna. Forskningsfrågorna kretsar kring vad design och iscensättning av studiens olika lektionsmoment erbjuder eleverna samt vilka indikationer på lärande och urskiljande av mening som framträder i iscensättningen av lektionsmomenten.

    I bakgrunden beskrivs elevgruppen vars undervisning studien syftar till att utveckla, elever med svår eller måttlig utvecklingsstörning, vad svensk forskning har kommit fram till angående undervisning i grundsärskolans ämnesområden samt elevgruppens kommunikativa svårigheter och möjligheter. Studiens teoretiska referensram bygger primärt på sociokulturell teori samt variationsteori. Metodologiska överväganden har gjorts med stöd i variationsteori och Lesson/Learning Studymodellen. Empiri i form av transkriptioner av videoinspelningar från fyra olika undervisningsgrupper ligger till grund för studien. Det empiriska materialet har analyserats med stöd av begrepp, t.ex. kritisk aspekt, artefakt, mediering och meningserbjudande, vilka har koppling till den teoretiska referensramen.

    Studiens slutsatser antyder att de olika lektionsmomenten ger merparten av eleverna meningserbjudande, dock i olika hög grad. Vissa moment, såsom rollspel och övning i autentisk miljö, förefaller lättare för läraren att iscensätta i interaktion med eleverna, vilket kan leda till att eleverna i större utsträckning urskiljer de kritiska aspekterna och utvecklar sin förmåga att tolka känslouttryck.

  • von Börtzell-Szuch, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    von Börtzell-Szuch, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Texter, strategier och stöd i läsförståelseundervisning: En studie av hur lärare i årskurs 4 - 6 arbetar med att stärka elvers läsförståelse2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då svårigheter med att förstå innehåll i text är ett vanligare problem än avkodningssvårigheter efter den första läsinlärningen, är det intressant att undersöka hur läsförståelseundervisningen är utformad för att stärka och stödja elevers läsförståelseutveckling. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4 – 6 väljer ut texter och undervisar i läsförståelse för att stärka de elever som kämpar med sin läsförståelse. Studien har inspirerats av en fenomenografisk metodansats. Datainsamlingen skedde genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem lärare som undervisar i årskurs 4 – 6. Vidare har studien ett sociokulturellt perspektiv som teoretisk utgångspunkt. Resultatet visar att läsförståelseundervisningen till stor del är integrerad i andra ämnen utöver ämnet svenska. I svenskämnet kretsar undervisningen i läsförståelse i huvudsak kring reciproka lässtrategier som sedan överförs till övrig ämnesundervisning. De vanligaste texterna i läsförståelseundervisningen är skönlitterära texter i svenskämnet och läromedelstexter i SO- och NO- ämnena. Centralt oavsett ämne är att lära genom samtal tillsammans med andra. Samtalet beskrivs också som ett av de viktigaste redskapen för att stärka elevers läsförståelse. Vidare visar resultatet att läsförståelseundervisningen riktas mot en mer ytlig förståelse. Slutsatsen är att det saknas kunskap om hur en undervisning och ett stöd som syftar till en djupare läsförståelse kan se ut, vilket visar på ett behov av en kompetensutveckling inom området.

  • Remmer, Loredana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Remmer, Loredana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Neuberg, Ann-Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Åtgärdsprogrammets hinder och möjligheter: En intervjustudie med lärare, speciallärare och specialpedagoger kring arbetet med stödinsatser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how the process of IEP worked at six different schools, and how some of the schools professions, collaborated on the procedurers for the establishment and evaluation of the IEP. The aim has been to study how special educators and special education teachers, which in Sweden now are a part of the student health organization, collaborate with teachers in dealing with the challenges and opportunities which arise when working with IEP. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews with twelve teachers including four special educators, a special education teacher and seven teachers. The result is reported based on three themes: anchoring of documents, the informants' perception of participation, documentation and the process of the IEP and an overall theme, communication, which we felt  permeates all three of the above themes. The survey showed that the majority of teachers felt that there was a lack of clarity and uncertainty after an IEP has been written. Especially when it came to evaluating an IEP and when an IEP should be completed. Uncertainty about the differences between additional adaptations and special support appeared when it came to documentation and monitoring the IEP. The study showed that the obstacles that educators have encountered was the feeling of lack of time and lack of clarity in the work process of the IEP. This in turn contributed to obstacles in the school's approach to students in need of support.

  • Malik Strååt, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Malik Strååt, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Övergång från specialskola till vanlig skola för elever med autismspektrumtillstånd: Fallstudie från ett Learning Center2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett ökande antal barn diagnostiseras med autismspektrumtillstånd, (AST). Allt fler av dessa elever inkluderas i den ordinarie skolan istället för att undervisas i särskilda undervisningsgrupper eller lärcentra. Ångest, mobbing och psykisk ohälsa drabbar många elever med AST framför allt under övergångar, exempelvis mellan stadier i skolan. En interventionsmetod  för personer med AST som är väl utforskad under de senaste fyra decenierna är Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). I denna uppsats undersöker jag hur ett ”Learning Center” (en specialskola för barn och ungdomar med autismspektrumtillstånd) i Mellanöstern, via ABA som en huvudsaklig interventionsmetod,  arbetar för att via ett övergångs-  och inkluderingsprogram, överföra elever från en särskiljande skolform till ordinarie undervisning i vanlig skola. Jag har intervjuat tre personer av personalen och studerat dokumentation från centret för tre elever för att undersöka hinder och framgångsfaktorer med deras program. Resultatet av denna studie visar på att framgångsrik inkludering till stor del är beroende av samverkan och samarbete mellan den mottagande skolan och specialskolan, hög specialistkompetens på specialskolan, samt att inkluderingsprocessen ofta hindras av regler och lagar kring skoltillhörighet, betyg och bedömning.   

  • Alsin, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Alsin, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kaufeldt Lönn, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Motsatsen till relativism... stavas absolutism": En kritisk diskursanalys av LVM i svensk nyhetspress2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study have been to examine how lagen (1988:870) om vård av missbrukare i vissa fall [LVM] (involuntary treatment for addicts) is constructed in Swedish news press and what discourses are being produced regarding LVM and involuntary treatment. Out of the 195 articles that fit the search criteria, extending a period of ten years, 36 were selected and analyzed, using a critical discourse analysis according to the three-dimensional model proposed by Fairclough. The theoretical perspective derives from the hypothesis of social constructionism. This study shows that LVM is subject to a silent assumption of an economic constraints discourse that´s being produced in news press, regarding the shortage of funds in public sector. In turn, this discourse also exhibits close relationship with the greater addiction discourse, which deems drug- and alcohol abuse as sickness, or disease. Furthermore, a set of minor discourses are identified, that to some degree stems from the economic constraints discourse. The media depiction presents an ongoing medicalization process that in social practice results in a higher death rate among drug abusers. The notion that medicinal treatment of addiction is more cost effective than LVM, nonetheless spurs society in adding evermore medicinal treatment of addicts.

  • Gavatin, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Gavatin, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Om orsaker till färgförändring - vad blir man grön och röd av i ryska och svenska?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Colour is essential to our perception of the world, regardless of the country we live in or what language we speak. Colour terms are part of all languages.

    Describing change of colour may be a way of underlining an emotion. Telling that a person turned green with envy, gives a more powerful picture of the person’s envy than just writing that he or she became very envious.

    Sometimes the change of colour is just a metaphor - no actual change of colour has occurred. In other cases describing a change of colour may be meant literally.

    Change of colour may be expressed in different ways in different languages. They may be expressed by using an auxiliary verb, describing the change, preceding the colour, e.g. become green or turn red. They may also be expressed using a specific verb that expresses the change of colour, such as redden or whiten.

    This essay compares constructions describing changes to the colours red and green in Russian and Swedish. It focuses on the following issues: Which are the most common causes of colour change in the two languages? How prevalent is the use of colour change as a metaphor? Which are the expressions most commonly used expressing change of colour to red and to green? How common are constructions using an auxiliary verb as opposed to specific verbs describing colour change?

    The analysis is corpus based, drawing on material partly from the Russian Nacional’nyj korpus russkogo jazyka, partly from the Swedish corpus Språkbanken. A difficulty is that the material in the two corpuses differs considerably as to age as well as to style. Thus, only conclusions based on very clear differences between the languages can be considered reliable.

    Some conclusions:

    • Metaphorical use of colour change occurs in both languages and is common particularly for change of colour to green.

    • The frequency of the causes for colour change differs considerably between the languages, regardless of whether the change of colour is meant metaphorically or literally.

    • In Swedish, practically the only cause for metaphoric change of colour to green is envy. This metaphor is present also in Russian, but is far less frequent. Instead, different expressions of anger, to a varying degree, dominate.

    • In the Russian material, time is the dominating cause of literal change of colour to green. The Swedish material, holding only few cases of literal change of colour to green, shows no example of this.

    • In the Swedish material, the dominating cause of change of colour to red is shame. This is also an important cause in the Russian material. However, here different expressions of joy, dominate.

    The use of specific verbs describing colour change is significantly more common in Russian than in Swedish

  • Ingbrant, Renata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Ingbrant, Renata
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    The Voice of the Excluded: An Interview with Bozena Keff2015In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. VIII, 4-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Jengsell, Isabelle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Jengsell, Isabelle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Agentens roll i företagsobligationslån: kan en agent binda en motstridig obligationsinnehavare?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hammarström, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hammarström, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Separationsrätt till sammanblandade penningmedel som innehas av annan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Malhotra, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Malhotra, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ägarförbehåll vid kreditköp: en sakrättslig studie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ekblom, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ekblom, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Does parental origin reflect the labor market outcome?: Study of differences between native Swedes and second generation immigrants2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a country with an increasing foreign born population, where more and more people growing up with two parents born outside of Sweden. In this paper I examine the different labor market outcome for native Swedes and the six largest groups of second generation immigrants in the ages 30-39 years. The analysis is divided in two part where the first examining the level of gainful employment and the second the distribution in line of work. By using data from population register there was possible to perform detailed analysis. The gainfully employment rate are lower for the different groups of second generation immigrants. Unlike earlier studies regarding employment differences depending on parental origin, there are however not as distinct pattern of ethnic penalties. The result regarding line of work from the second part of the analysis show that some groups of second generation have a higher risk of being in less-qualified jobs after controlling for education, personal- and parental variables. 

  • Nyström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Nyström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Lagligt betalningsmedel: vilken särställning bör kontanter ha?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sifversson, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Sifversson, Sebastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Villkorat kapitaltillskott: en analys ur ett civilrättsligt och skatterättsligt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hagberg, Tim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hagberg, Tim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Utebliven besiktning av entreprenader: en undersökning av dess effekter på besiktningens rättsverkningar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis