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  • Flyghed, Janne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Schoultz, Isabel
    Företags försvar vid anklagelser om brott - betydelsen av den nordiska kontexten2019In: Nordisk Tidskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 297-314Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Vidlund, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Rigney, Stephen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Biståndstagarnas subjektspositioner i kvällspressen: En diskursanalys av den mediala framställningen av mottagare av ekonomiskt bistånd2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that welfare recipients are subject to prejudicial attitudes from others while welfare recipients themselves experience feelings of shame related to their need to apply for help for their subsistence. The aim of this study was to analyse how welfare recipients are depicted in Swedish newspaper media in order to better understand the role that the media can potentially play in how welfare recipients are perceived by others and by themselves. The empirical material consists of 74 articles published in two leading Swedish tabloid newspapers - Aftonbladet and Expressen - during the years 2011 and 2017. With Ernesto Laclau & Chantal Mouffe’s discourse theory, we have been able to identify six discursive subject positions that welfare recipients are offered in the material. Our findings show that these subject positions contribute to creating a picture of “deserving” and “undeserving” welfare recipients with the latter representing a threat to the cornerstones of the Swedish welfare state. This picture, however, is not static and between 2011 and 2017, subject positions that can be seen as “undeserving” have become more dominant in the discourse around welfare recipients.

  • Cárdenas, Camila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    The Association Between Level of Religiousness and Subjective General Health in Europe: Subjective measurements at four different European countries2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies linking religion and its impact on humans have increased over time with health being the most studied outcome in statistical analysis. Even so, the use of variables, models and approaches has been homogenous being applied among similar groups and places. The aim of the thesis is for that reason to investigate to what extent there is an association between religiousness and health in Cyprus (n=3 355), Finland (n=4 058), Norway (n=4 691) and Ireland (n=6 869) adjusting for potential confounders age, gender and education. Logistic regression analyses were applied, including subjective level of religiousness as predictor and good subjective general health as outcome in conjunction with the Theory of Attachment. The data is collected from The European Social Survey from 2008, 2010 and 2012. Middle religious have significant higher odds of good health than individuals that categorized by themselves as Not at all religious in Cyprus, Norway and Ireland while adjusting for age and education. Low, Middle and High religious are significantly associated with good health in Finland compared to Not at all religious. There is an association between religiousness and health in the four European countries while age and education potentially confound the relationship in Norway and Ireland.

  • Below Blomkvist, Mimmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Europakonventionen i skadeståndslagen: Förstärkt rättighetsskydd eller onödig kodifiering?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Court of Human Rights (the Court) has become known as one of the most efficient international courts. Despite its efficiency, the Court struggles with an increasingly high case load. Because of the pressure put on the Court, the member states have been encouraged to improve their national remedies, making sure that violations of human rights can be seen to at a national level in accord- ance with the principle of subsidiarity. In other words, the member states need to improve the implementation of article 13, which states the right to efficient remedies.

    A remedy is a multi-faceted expression, including both administrative proceed- ings as well as traditional court proceedings. The word remedy includes both the procedure as such as well as sanctions. In the caselaw of the European Court, compensation awarded by the member states to a victim of a violation of a con- vention based right has been considered an efficient remedy in accordance with article 13.

    In April 2018, the Swedish tort law received an additional paragraph stating that tort should be awarded those who been damaged because of a violation of a right based in the European Convention. Compensation in accordance with that law can be awarded by Swedish courts and the Chancellor of Justice. This thesis aims to find whether the compensational procedure of violations of the European Conventions in the Swedish system is an efficient compensatory remedy in accordance with article 13.

  • Piuva, Katarina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brodin, Helene
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Just Like Any Other Family? Everyday Life Experiences  of Mothers of Adults with Severe Mental Illness in Sweden2020In: Community mental health journal, ISSN 0010-3853, E-ISSN 1573-2789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores experiences of mothers in Sweden who care for their adult children suffering from severe mental illness. Using 15 interviews with mothers from 40 to 80 years old, the article examines how predominant professional knowledge and sanism constructs the mothers and their children as deviant and what counterstrategies the mothers develop as a response to these experiences of discrimination. The findings show that the mothers’ experiences are characterized by endless confrontations with negative attitudes and comments that have forced them to go through painful and prolonged processes of self-accusations for not having given enough love, care, support and help in different stages of their children's life. But the mothers’ experiences also reveal important aspects of changes over the life span. As the mothers are ageing, the relationship between them and their children becomes more reciprocal and the ill child may even take the role as family carer.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-04 13:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Stoltz, Jonathan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Perceived Sensory Dimensions: A Human-Centred Approach to Environmental Planning and Design2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased urbanization, stress and lifestyle related illness, and biodiversity loss are some of the most urgent challenges today. The potential contributions from green spaces and infrastructures in relation to these challenges are several. In addition to benefits such as climate and water regulation, air purification, food production, and biodiversity conservation, certain aesthetic, i.e. perceived, qualities of green features and natural settings have been shown important for people’s health and wellbeing. The potential of such qualities to aid restoration from stress and attention fatigue is well documented. It has also been suggested that they could support pro-environmental behaviours, promote physical activity, and increase general wellbeing. A difference between grey/urban and green/natural settings has been highlighted in previous research. There is a need however for a more nuanced understanding of the most important qualities in the environment to consider in order to support human health and wellbeing over time.

    Through a universal, human-centred approach, where needs, motivations, and meaningful experiences are considered before specific means of physical implementation, this thesis adopts a framework of eight aesthetic qualities, termed perceived sensory dimensions, accounting for basic human needs in relation to green areas. This framework is investigated and developed in different contexts and at different scales to aid an evidence-based approach to environmental design, planning, and evaluation from a human health and wellbeing perspective. A dialectic model based on the framework is suggested as a means to facilitate the inclusion of this level of analysis in, e.g. trans- and interdisciplinary research settings, and in environmental design and planning practices.

  • Lukas, Lina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kammen, ett litet, men ack så betydande föremål: Dess utseende, funktion och betydelse under folkvandringstid och vendeltid.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with combs typological developments in shape and apperance during the Migration period and Vendel period, 400 - 700 A.D. as well as their meaning and function in society. The importance of combs mentioned in folklore and mythologies, with focus on both life and death. The combs and their significance are put into an everyday context, from begin a functional object to be a social status carrying symbol in society.

  • Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Att förhandla sin sjukdom: Recension av: Frida Wikström, Att skriva sig ut: Nya terapeutiska miljöer och tvångsvårdadepatienters subjektsformering 1967–1992, Pandoraserien XXVI (Arkiv:Lund 2018). 278 s.2019In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 4Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    En egendomlig pjäs: Den svenska narkotikapolitikens historia och möjliga framtid2019In: Tidskrift för Kriminalvård, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Dziedziech, Alexis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Khalili, Dilan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Theopold, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
    Digging Back in Evolution: Danger in Drosophila2018In: Journal of Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-8Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insects, including the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster are used to study a wide array of processes, many of which are known or are expected to be regulated by damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). These include regenerative processes after wounding, replacement of cells by cell competition, induction of immunity and inflammation, responses against tumorous cells and neurodegeneration. Most, if not all of these processes have beneficial outcomes on organismal health but may also lead to pathologies, which often resemble those observed in humans. Drosophila offers unique opportunities to analyze and manipulate genes and pathways related to these immune consequences with high temporal and local resolution. Ultimately, such detailed analyses in the Drosophila model will aid in our understanding of the roles DAMPs play at the bifurcation between physiological and pathological outcomes in other animal species, including humans.

  • Golubeva, Olga
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Duljic, Michel
    Keminen, Ripsa
    The impact of liquidity risk on bank profitability: some empirical evidence from the European banks following the introduction of Basel III regulations2019In: Journal of Accounting and Management Information Systems, ISSN 1089-652X, E-ISSN 1064-6647, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 455-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Question: The study investigates the impact of liquidity on bank profitability following implementation of the Basel III regulations. Motivation: The theoretical framework of the paper draws upon previous research (Athanasoglou et al., 2008; Arif & Nauman Anees, 2012 and Dietrich et al., 2014) and assumes liquidity ratios to have a varying influence on bank profitability, depending upon a bank's specific and macroeconomic indicators. Idea: This study considers multiple proxies of bank liquidity, including Liquidity Coverage Ratio, a new measure inspired by the Basel III framework, and Loan-to-deposit and Financing gap ratio. Alongside traditionally-applied profitability measures, Earnings before Taxes, Depreciation and Amortisation are assumed to be alternative proxies. Data: In the study, a data set of 45 European banks with 180 observations during 2014-2017 and 37 observations for 2018 has been analysed. Tools: The study proposes a quantitative model based upon Ordinary Least Squires techniques complemented by Weighted Least Squares regressions analysis. Findings: The alternative liquidity risk measures have a significant and positive impact only on some profitability proxies, and an insignificant effect on others. The Basel III liquidity measure, LCR, was an insignificant contributor to all return proxies, which requires further investigation. The results also indicate that an increase in bank size and net provision for loan losses decreases profitability proxies. We also found mixed results concerning the effects of deposits and securities gains and losses on bank profits, and provided possible explanation.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-31 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Broomé, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology . Stockholm University.
    Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas: A satellite altimetry perspective on ocean circulation2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas contributes to the mild climate of Northern Europe and is the main oceanic source of heat for the Arctic. The northward bound transport of the warm and saline Atlantic Water is mediated by a topographically constrained cyclonic boundary current along the Norwegian continental slope. The analysis within this thesis is based on satellite observations of dynamic Sea Surface Heights (SSH) from 1993 to the recent present, combined with both hydrographic observations and modelling. It provides some new perspectives and results, as well as corroborates the essential role of bottom topography for the circulation in the Nordic Seas.

    In the first part of the thesis, the topographic constraint is used in the analysis by examining the satellite-derived SSH along topographic contours. We find stationary along-contour anomalies that indicate deviations from strict topographic steering. However, we show that these deviations are dynamically consistent with, and can be explained by, potential vorticity conservation in an adiabatic steady-state model for flow over a topographic slope. The analysis along topographic contours is further developed to study northward-propagating, low-frequency ocean temperature signals. These signals have an expression in the SSH and their propagation speed is remarkably slow compared to the current speed. We propose a conceptual model of shear dispersion effects, in which the effective advection speed of a tracer is determined not only by the rapid current core, but by a mean velocity taken over the cross-flow extent of Atlantic Water. The model predicts a reduced effective tracer advection velocity, comparable to the one observed.

    The close connection between anomalies in SSH and heat content is further used to study decadal variability in the Nordic Seas. There is a shift in decadal trends in the mid-2000s, from a period of strong increase in SSH and heat content to a more stagnant period. We find this variability to be forced remotely, rather than by local air-sea heat fluxes. By developing a conceptual model of ocean heat convergence, we are able to explain the broad features of the decadal changes with the temperature variability of the inflowing Atlantic Water from the subpolar North Atlantic.

    In the final part of the thesis, satellite-derived surface geostrophic velocity fields are used as input to a Lagrangian trajectory model. Based on this, we study the fractionation of the Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas between the two straits towards the Arctic Ocean: the Barents Sea Opening and the Fram Strait. This Lagrangian approach also provides insights on the origin of the water that reach the straits. We find that it is the frontal current branch, rather than the slope current, that contributes to the variability of the Barents Sea Opening inflow of warm Atlantic Water, and thus potentially to the climate of the Barents Sea and its sea ice cover.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-31 13:00 hörsalen, Frescati backe, Stockholm
    Eriksson, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    A preschool that brings children into public spaces: Onto-epistemological research methods of vocal strolls, metaphors, mappings and preschool displacements2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest of this doctoral thesis in early childhood education concerns the discourse on the need to integrate as well as include the youngest children in society. The overall purpose is to produce methodological experimentations on the possibilities of constructing a preschool which facilitates for preschool and preschool children to be present and take place in, and thereby participate in the construction of public spaces, together with other actors and the places themselves. The aim is to experiment with displacing preschool practices from their institutionalised place into public spaces, inspired by various site-specific artistic place-based methods, in order to develop situated onto-epistemological research methods for early childhood education research. These emerging methods aim to enhance interaction between the preschool institution – including the children – and public spaces, as spaces of societal interaction and transaction between different actors.

    The preschool institution was founded in a modernist era which set out to construct a society that could offer safe and appropriate places for all citizens. The institutional preschool was organised as such a separate and reserved place for children in society, but the physical preschool walls and doors simultaneously separate children from the non-institutional places of society – the public places. The public space upholds the potential for interaction, exchange and public action for change.

    In the empirical fieldwork enacted for this project, I as a researcher, a group of the youngest preschool children (1-3 years), and a number of educators, enacted together so-called vocal strolls in the public transport system in Stockholm. The research project functions as a method-producing practice, where children’s places – the preschool practices – are brought into adult’s places – public spaces – outside the preschool. The study thus produces emerging and situated – in situ – research methods in collaboration with a preschool (and its children and practices) and the public spaces we encountered and interacted with. The thesis takes an onto-epistemological theoretical stance, to define the research, not as separated from the world, but as one of many practices collaborating in the production of methods on how to take place in public spaces (cf. Stengers, 2018; Barad, 2007).

    The thesis consists of three published research papers which delineate vocal strolls, vocal mappings, metaphors and displacements as early childhood education research methods that facilitate a preschool which enables children to take place in public spaces. The onto-epistemological research methods which emerged in this study have been inspired by artistic site-specific practices, which have a long tradition of developing methods on how to move art out from art institutions, e.g. museums, galleries and art-studios. These research methods are embodied methods, which produce a direct knowledge and always transform in relation to the situation and the spatial conditions of a place. Vocal metaphors, strolls, mappings and displacements are constructed in the process of collaboration between multiple different ways of enacting a place and being enacted by the place. This study has shown the possibility of developing place-based research methods for early childhood education research with the aim of understanding how they might transform our notions and practices of preschool.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-31 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Qviström, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Rum utan utsikt: Fönster och ljus i medeltida byggnader2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Windows, light and a view are self-evident parts of contemporary interiors. This was not the case in Scandinavia during the Middle Ages (c. 1050–1520 CE), when closed spaces without wall openings were standard. Windows fulfilling modern needs and regulations, providing rooms with light and a view, did not come into common use until the 18th century, and in some contexts even later.

    The perception of light and darkness, and of what is understood to be light or dark, is changeable – as are people’s sensorial experiences and their definitions of the senses. The provision of as much light as possible has not always been the most desirable quality in buildings, even in rooms provided with windows. The importance of and need for light have varied a lot over time and in different situations. During the Middle Ages, light openings were used in a more distinct and direct way, to meet specific requirements – not to provide rooms with an ambient level of light. Looking at the use of lighting equipment during the same period, it seems that both daylight and artificial light were used in similar, more specific and situational ways. When it comes to a view, this was not something that was expected in any room, or from any window, during the medieval period.

    An overall purpose with the thesis is to discuss how people have related to windows, light and lighting inside buildings during the Middle Ages, both in Sweden generally and in the two regional research areas of Gotland and Uppland in particular. One of the starting points is that the materiality of windows and the use of artificial light were closely bound up with people’s perceptions of and attitudes to light in indoor environments. 

    In addition to past approaches to light and darkness, the thesis also discusses how windows and light were used in different contexts, what sorts of lighting conditions and contact surfaces between outside and inside they created, and how the use of windows interacted with the relationship between outdoor and indoors.

    The primary medium for this study is the material design and placement of windows. The source material consists mainly of standing buildings, archaeologically investigated building remains, and finds of window glass and lighting aids. Lighting equipment and window glass preserved in other contexts, mainly churches, are also considered, as are written sources and medieval images.

    The thesis contains six chapters, including an introduction and concluding discussion. Of the four central chapters, two are thematic, discussing windows and lighting from a long-term perspective, and two present in-depth regional studies of Uppland and Gotland respectively.

  • Munier, Pierre
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Apostolopoulou-Kalkavoura, Varvara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Persson, Michael
    Nouryon, Performance Chemicals, Bohus, Sweden.
    Bergström, Lennart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry.
    Strong silica-nanocellulose anisotropic composite foams combine low thermal conductivity and low moisture uptake2019In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the fabrication of anisotropic lightweight composite foams based on commercial colloidal silica particles and TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCNF). The unidirectional ice-templating of silica-TOCNF dispersions resulted in anisotropic foams with columnar porous structures in which the inorganic and organic components were homogeneously distributed. The facile addition of silica particles yielded a significant enhancement in mechanical strength, compared to TOCNF-only foams, and a 3.5-fold increase in toughness at a density of 20 kg m−3. The shape of the silica particles had a large effect on the mechanical properties; anisotropic silica particles were found to strengthen the foams more efficiently than spherical particles. The water uptake of the foams and the axial thermal conductivity in humid air were reduced by the addition of silica. The composite foams were super-insulating at dry conditions at room temperature, with a radial thermal conductivity value as low as 24 mW m−1 K−1, and remained lower than 35 mW m−1 K−1 up to 80% relative humidity. The combination of high strength, low thermal conductivity and manageable moisture sensitivity suggests that silica-TOCNF composite foams could be an attractive alternative to the oil-based thermal insulating materials.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-30 13:00 Gröjersalen, hus 3, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Kheirollah, Amir
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    The Art of Discretion: Essays on Earnings Management, Governance, and Capital Structure2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a compilation of three articles on earnings management, governance and capital structure. In addition to these three articles, the introductory chapter establishes the link between these articles and summarizes them.

    Article I investigates the joint effect of governance mechanisms on earnings management. This study finds evidence in support of imperfect substitution and complement effects of corporate governance and industry regulation on earnings management.

    Article II investigates the role of the discretionary environment for earnings management, using several measures of governance and contextual mechanisms. The findings of this article show that the discretionary environment matters in explaining earnings management practices. Therefore, the use of a tractable and quantifiable measure of the discretionary environment has the potential to refine measures of earnings management and mitigate the mixed inferences made from these measures in the literature. Hence, this study contributes to the literature by augmenting accrual-based earnings management models with governance and contextual mechanisms.

    Article III examines the role of managerial traits in the active management of capital structure within the boundaries of a system of financial and governance constraints. The findings of this article show that the managerial discretionary index as a measure of managerial traits is associated with leverage growth and the satisficing effect is statistically significant. The results also show that the association is nonlinear under some combinations of financial and governance constraints (relatively low and high constraints), and linear in others.

  • Backe, Linnea
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lasso, Elias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    IKT i fritidshemmet: Fritidspersonals arbete med digitala verktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Reitan, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Negotiating Space in Confined Places: Co-Production of Public Services with Unwilling Users2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 61-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An expanding body of research on co-production, participation, co-creation and other forms of user involvement in public services has not sufficiently reflected their coercive nature. Coercion, like persuasion, is a central dimension of public administration and a defining element of, for example, compulsory care. It is, however, seldom properly addressed in the literature on co-production. The aim of this study is twofold; to propose a broadened definition of co-production which more adequately reflects the complexities of human services by distinguishing between users (clients) and consumers (social services), and to investigate the relevance and practice of co-production in a non-voluntary setting. Examples of enhanced, participative, consumer, and user co-production were identified based on organizational and individual data from the Swedish government agency responsible for compulsory care for substance abusers. Forms of user co-production at the operational level were highlighted through client records and administrative data concerning transfers to community care – so called Care in Other Forms (COF). COF placements are intricate processes involving many different stakeholders and the analysis revealed how clients actively partake in negotiations on the terms and content of service delivery. The idiosyncrasies of involuntary human services should be considered in future research on co-production.

  • Holmquist, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Wendt, Antje
    Spara eller slänga – gallring vid arkeologiska undersökningar 2018: En förstudie2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektets syfte var att skapa ett kunskapsunderlag gällande gallring av metallföremål vid arkeologiska undersökningar. Målet var att kartlägga situationen, belysa hur urvalet görs och besluten tas. I studien har ingått en inventering av inkomna material till Statens Historiska museum tillsammans med tillståndsdokumentationen för projekten. I samtliga av de 11 undersökta projekten har gallring skett, 40-90 % av föremålen har gallrats. En framtida genomlysning av hela processen för att undersöka var de svaga punkterna ses som nödvändig.

  • Tan, Maryann Su Lin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Xie, Xin
    University of Rochester.
    Jaeger, T Florian
    University of Rochester.
    Analysing L2 Swedish word-final stops2019In: Proceedings ExLing 2019: 10th Tutorial and Research Workshop on Experimental Linguistics, 24–27 September, Lisbon, Portugal. Lisbon: Lisbon University/FLUL, Letras Lisboa. 193–196. / [ed] A. Botinis, 2019, p. 193-196Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare native (L1) and non-native (L2) word-final plosive voicing in Swedish. The L1 of the L2 speaker (Flemish) does not have word-final plosive voicing contrasts. In order to assess the effectiveness of a common approach to L2 instruction, L2 speech was elicited under two conditions: either unassisted or by playing an example L1 production and asking the L2 speaker to mimic it. Three cues to voicing-vowel, closure, and burst durations-were measured. L2 productions relied on different cues for voicing than L1 production. Mimicking reduced the difference between L1 and L2 speech.

  • Schoultz, Isabel
    et al.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    From “We Didn’t Do It” to “We’ve Learned Our Lesson”: Development of a Typology of Neutralizations of Corporate Crime2019In: Critical Criminology, ISSN 1205-8629, E-ISSN 1572-9877Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When corporations are faced with accusations of crime, they usually find it necessary to justify their actions to the public, the media and their shareholders. Corporate self-defense, aimed at protecting a corporation’s image and legitimacy, belongs to a broader category of offenders’ denials and neutralizations. The objective of this article is to compile and discuss literature that is of value for an understanding of neutralizations of corporate crime and, by means of this literature and our own empirical studies on corporate denials, to outline a typology of corporate neutralizations. The typology distinguishes between a wide variety of corporate responses to allegations of crime and exemplifies how these techniques have been used. We also discuss the function of corporate neutralization techniques and argue that corporate accounts mediate action; they influence both other actors and future corporate actions.

  • Al Weswasi, Enes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Spending blood for oil in Nigeria: a frame analysis of Shell’s neutralisation of acts that led to corporate-initiated state crime2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 280-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of Shell Oil Company in Nigeria has resulted in large-scale protests. Despite their peaceful nature, these protests have been met with lethal violence by the Nigerian security forces. Accusations have been levelled against Shell for liability for human rights violations, but the company has denied responsibility. Previously confidential correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials has come to show that the company has repeatedly persuaded security personnel to act against the protests. This article examines how Shell framed its desire for the Nigerian state to suppress the protests against the company. It does so by analysing the published documents, based on the theoretical framework provided by Stanley Cohen’s (1993) concepts regarding the neutralisation of criminal acts, and specifically, the neutralisation technique of appealing to higher loyalties. This is a technique adopted by companies when they use the greater good as a rationale for minimising their responsibility for harmful acts. The correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials shows that Shell continuously urged the Nigerian officials to take action by referring to the company’s contribution to economic and social development in the region, even after their calls for action had been shown to have resulted in human rights abuses. In describing these rationales, the article highlights a case of corporate-initiated state crime, a form of crime that involves corporations inducing state actors to commit harmful acts.