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  • Sindsjö, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sallmander, Liam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Resan från skola till arbetsliv: En intervjustudie med gymnasielärare om unga vuxna med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningars förutsättningar för inträde på arbetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ha ett arbete är centralt för att vara en del av samhället och bidrar inte bara med ekonomisk trygghet utan även en meningsfull tillvaro. Individer med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar har betydande svårigheter vid inträde på arbetsmarknaden i jämförelse med andra grupper. Syftet med denna studie var att få en djupare förståelse för hur situationen på arbetsmarknaden ser ut för unga vuxna med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. För att besvara syftet genomfördes en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju gymnasielärare. Resultatet visade att det fanns otillräcklig kunskap och fördomar om neuropsykiatriska diagnoser på arbetsmarknaden. Vidare identifierades två huvudsakliga teman som särskilt viktiga för ett eventuellt deltagande på arbetsmarknaden. Att förstå sin diagnos för att kunna hitta individuella strategier var det ena temat och att ha kunskap om det sociala samspelet och sociala relationer det andra. Uppsatsen belyser också vilka förberedande insatser skolan gör för att underlätta ett eventuellt inträde på arbetsmarknaden. Särskilt intressanta resultat återfanns i lärarnas berättelser om de elevanpassningar som görs i den dagliga undervisningen. Avslutningsvis diskuteras förhållandet mellan skola och arbetsliv och om det potentiellt borde finnas en instans som täcker glappet mellan dessa.

  • Hedsén, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Márquez Norrthon, Linnéa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”Sjukdomen som inte syns utanpå men känns inuti”: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelse kring utmattningssyndrom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur kvinnor, som fått diagnosen utmattningssyndrom, upplever vilka faktorer som kan ha bidragit till deras utmattning. Studiens frågeställningar är: Hur upplever kvinnor, som varit med om utmattningssyndrom, att förväntningarna på dem på och utanför arbetet bidragit till utmattning? Hur upplever kvinnor, som varit med om utmattningssyndrom, att självbild bidragit till deras utmattning? Varför kan kvinnor som varit med om utmattningssyndrom hamna i utanförskap? För att undersöka detta genomfördes sju intervjuer med kvinnor som varit med om utmattningssyndrom och som är tillbaka på arbetet igen sedan minst ett halvår tillbaka.

    Mycket av den tidigare forskningen belyser svårigheten att balansera arbetsliv och privatliv. Forskarna har bland annat kommit fram till att arbetskraven påverkar familjelivet negativt och att dåligt stöd i familjelivet kan påverka arbetslivet negativt. Det teoretiska ramverket för studien grundar sig i Goffmans dramaturgiska teori och stigmateori. Resultatet bygger på de tre huvudteman som dök upp under samtliga intervjuer: svårigheten att balansera arbete med privatliv, känslan av utanförskap samt hur den drabbades självbild påverkas negativt på grund av utmattningssyndromet.

    Studien visar att kvinnornas identitet starkt är knuten till samhällets och andra individers förväntningar över hur en kvinna skall vara. Detta har lett till att samtliga kvinnor har utsatts för stor stress och känsla av otillräcklighet vilket i sin tur bidragit till deras utmattning. Att ständigt vilja vara andra till lags, och få andras bekräftelse, visar hur dessa kvinnors självkänsla är prestationsbaserad och att de tycks vara beroende av att nå framgång, samt att få ett erkännande från andra, för att upprätthålla sitt egenvärde. Slutligen visar studien att ett bristande samspel mellan Försäkringskassa, läkare och den drabbade skapar en ekonomisk oro vilket ökar svårigheten att ta sig tillbaka till arbete igen.

  • Public defence: 2019-02-08 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Cichocka, Magdalena Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Unraveling the structures of complex nanocrystalline materials by combining TEM and XRPD – development and application2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge of the three-dimensional (3D) atomic structure of materials is essential to a fundamental understanding of their properties. The key to understanding the functionality of many materials, particularly those of commercial and industrial interest, is often hidden in the details at the nanoscale. For this reason, it is very important to choose the right strategy to analyze the structure of challenging materials with complex disordered framework structures, or of the layered materials that are the subject of this thesis. Structure analysis of beam-sensitive or uniquely disordered materials can be complicated. Although there are already existing methods such as X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), the data may exhibit reflection overlap or other problems that make structure determination difficult. To overcome these limitations for nanocrystalline materials, complementary characterization techniques can be used. Here, I will focus on 3D electron crystallography (continuous rotation electron diffraction and high-resolution electron microscopy) methods that have grown during the past years as hybrid methods for structure determination. Based on the presented materials, I will also emphasize that any kind of challenges can be a driving force for method development.  Furthermore, some of the insights gained lead to better understanding of how to collect and process 3D electron diffraction data, which could be applied to make data collection of challenging samples easier and obtain higher quality structure refinements from the data. Finally, I will try to describe the general procedures for ab initio structure elucidation of disordered nanocrystals and layered materials.

  • Public defence: 2019-02-08 13:00 sal FB54, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Kundu, Esha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    Radio emission from supernovae2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the modeling of radio and X-ray emissions from supernova (SN) shock fronts and hydrodynamical simulations of SN-circumstellar medium (CSM) interaction. The interaction of SN ejecta with the CSM drives a strong shock wave into the CSM. These shocks are ideal places where effective particle acceleration and magnetic field amplification can take place. The accelerated relativistic particles, in the presence of magnetic field, could emit part of their energy via synchrotron radiation in radio wavelengths. The flux of this radiation, when compared with observations, gives an estimate of the CSM density. This could either be the particle density (nISM) in case of the SN exploding in a constant density medium, characteristic of interstellar medium, or pre-SN mass loss rate (dM/dt) of the progenitor system for a wind medium. In Paper I we have modeled the synchrotron emission and compared that with the radio upper limits measured for the Type Ia SNe 2011fe and 2014J. Assuming equipartition of energy between electric and magnetic fields, with 10% of the thermal shock energy in each field, we obtain a very low density medium, having nISM <~ 0.35 cm-3, around both the SNe. In terms of dM/dt this implies an upper limit of 10-9 Msun yr-1 for a wind velocity, vw, of 100 km s-1. This study suggests that in SN shocks it is more likely that the amplification efficiency of magnetic fields is less than that for the electric fields. In Paper II, we carry out the hydrodynamical simulations of the interaction between SN ejecta and CSM for SN 1993J and SN 2011dh. Subsequently, the radio and X-ray emission have been calculated from the shocked gas encapsulated between the forward and reverse shocks. Considering the ejecta profile of these SNe from multi-group radiation hydrodynamics simulation (STELLA), it is found from our investigation that for a wind velocity of 10 km/s around 6500 years prior to the explosion of SN 1993J a change in mass loss rate occurred in the system. For a binary system this may imply that the change in dM/dt could be due to a change in the mass accretion efficiency of the companion star. In case of SN 2011dh the late time emission is turned up to be consistent with a wind medium with (dM/dt)/vw = 4 × 10-6 Msun yr-1/10 km s-1. Paper III focuses on the radio emission from four young SNe Type Ia, SN 2013dy, SN 2016coj, SN 2018pv and SN 2018gv. Using the same model for radio emission as in Paper I, the upper limits on dM/dt and nISM are estimated. We found tenuous media around these SNe, which put tight constrain on their progenitor systems.

  • Public defence: 2019-02-08 13:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Sandman, Tua
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The dis/appearances of violence: When a 'peace-loving' state uses force2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research problem that this dissertation addresses is how and with what implications the use of force in ‘distant’ places is made seen and known at home. As practices change and ‘peacework’ is becoming increasingly violent, the book argues that it is imperative to examine how war ‘comes home’ and to what extent the narratives emerging in public discourse open up for public reflection and (re)consideration. As the representation of violence varies between contexts and over time, the book contributes to ongoing debates on the representation of war and violence by offering a comprehensive and systematic examination of the representation of violence in the case of Sweden, where the engagement in war(like) activities by no means is considered normal. Though Sweden during the last decades has increased its contributions to operations of peace-enforcement, Sweden still projects an image of itself as a nation of peace and a nation at peace. Thus, Sweden could be considered a ‘most likely case’ for politicisation and dislocation once Swedish soldiers engage in violence.

    Drawing on poststructuralist theorisation on the political, processes of identification and the articulation of foreign policy as well as previous literature on the representation of war and violence, the book examines and conceptualises how violence dis/appears in Swedish public narratives at the time of Swedish military contribution to war(like) engagements. Part II of the book examines the representation of violence in Swedish parliamentary debates during, altogether, five military interventions taking place between 1960 and 2014. Part III takes a closer look at public service media material during three critical episodes that could be considered (potentially) dislocatory experiences related to the use of force. For the study of how violence dis/appears, the book advances a conceptual framework that combines the concepts of in/visibilisation, de/naturalisation and dis/identification. The study uncovers how the narratives on peace-enforcement move between making visible and making invisible, between problematisation and naturalisation, and between linking and differentiating the use of force to or from Sweden. It lays bare a number of narrative themes and responses that are salient over time, and examines the political work of the dis/appearances of violence in terms of de/stabilising the link between identity and policy, and in terms of de/politicising the issue of using force. Ultimately, the book argues that the dis/appearances of violence in public discourse condition the possibility for critical reflection and (re)consideration at home at the time of war(like) engagements abroad.

  • Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Behavioural Addiction Open Definition 2.0: Using the Open Science Framework for collaborative and transparent theoretical development2017In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 112, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    A qualitative analysis of Pål Kraft2017In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 34, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Edman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Helmersson Bergmark, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Scholars’ open debate paper on the World Health Organization ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Pöppel, Ludmila
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Dobrovol'skij, Dmitrij
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Корпусное исследование квазисинонимичных конструкций возьми и Vimp. vs. взял и V3pers2018In: Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes (ANU.FILOL.LLENG.LIT.MOD.), E-ISSN 2014-1394, no 8, p. 115-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [ru]

    В статье рассматриваются квазисинонимичные конструкции возьми и Vimp vs. взял и V3pers и их варианты. В основе этих конструкций лежит общий паттерн [взять CONJco V], то есть «глагол взять в разных грамматических формах + сочинительный союз + основной глагол вразных грамматических формах». Заполнение слота CONJco допускает лишь три варианта:и, да и да и, в то время как слот V кажется на первый взгляд практически свободным. Задача исследования – выявить семантические предпочтения в выборе глагола, заполняющего свободный слот каждой из сопоставляемых конструкций. В частности, показано, что различие между этими конструкциями связано с семантическим признаком ‘контролируемости действия’.

  • Koutsopoulos, Georgios
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Modeling Organizational Potentials Using the Dynamic Nature of Capabilities2018In: 17th International Conference Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2018), Jelena Zdravkovic, Jānis Grabis, Selmin Nurcan, Janis Stirna , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational transformation in dynamic environments may be addressed using an approach based on the concept of capability. The aim of this thesis project is to tackle existing disadvantages that organizations are unaware of or missing business opportunities due to unoptimized design. Design Science is employed to elicit requirements and develop a method that assists the identification of desired organizational capabilities and outdated capabilities. This will enhance the value generating and supporting capabilities by introducing a new typology and exploring the factors affecting the introduced capability types. The developed artifact will also be supported by a modeling tool using the ADOxx metamodeling development platform and tested in a real use case.

  • Johannesson, Paul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Andersson, Birger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Ascribing Value2018In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Jaap Gordijn, Erik Proper , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • McGrath, Cormac
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nilsonne, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet.
    Data sharing in qualitative research: opportunities and concerns2018In: MedEdPublish, ISSN 2312–7996, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data sharing is increasingly practiced by researchers and mandated by research funders as well as scientific journals. However, data sharing within qualitative research paradigms is less common, and sharing interview data has particular challenges. Earlier debate has pointed to the value of data sharing for discouraging research fraud and permitting critical scrutiny. We elaborate on this discussion by highlighting the value of data sharing for cumulative science, for re-use, and to maximise the value of the participants’ contribution. We review methods and possibilities for sharing interview data, and give concrete recommendations for mitigating risks to the participants. In conclusion, we find that sharing of interview data is possible, valuable, and ethical, and serves a purpose for both journals and researchers.

  • Martinsson, Dennis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    På nödfronten något nytt?: Reflektioner om nöd i ljuset av NJA 2017 s. 8722018In: Juridisk Publikation, ISSN 2000-2920, no 2, p. 311-328Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Granmar, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    E-commerce and the EU data protection regulation2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Granmar, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    E-commerce and the EU data protection regulation2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Granmar, Claes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    C-284/16 Achmea Precludes Investor-State Dispute Settlements2018Other (Other academic)
  • Galli, Raoul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Björklund, UlfStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.Hannerz, UlfStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Nyckelbegrepp i socialantropologin2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2019-02-06 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Etman, Ahmed S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Aqueous Exfoliation of Transition Metal Oxides for Energy Storage and Photocatalysis Applications: Vanadium Oxide and Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal oxides (TMOs) are a category of materials which have unique physical and chemical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. However, the synthesis of 2D TMOs commonly includes the use of environmental threats such as organic solvents. In this thesis, we developed environmentally friendly strategies to fabricate TMO nanosheets from the commercially available bulk oxides. In particular, hydrated vanadium pentoxide (V2O5∙nH2O) nanosheets and oxygen deficient molybdenum trioxide (MoO3-x) nanosheets were prepared.  The V2O5∙nH2O nanosheets were drop-cast onto multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) paper and applied as a free-standing electrode (FSE) for a lithium battery. The accessible capacity of the FSE was dependent on the electrode thickness; the thickest electrode delivered the lowest accessible capacity.  Alternatively, a composite material of V2O5∙nH2O nanosheets with 10% MWCNT (VOx-CNT composite) was prepared and two types of electrodes, FSE and conventionally cast electrode (CCE), were employed as cathode materials for lithium batteries. A detailed comparison between these electrodes was presented. In addition, the VOx-CNT composite was applied as a negative electrode for a sodium-ion battery and showed a reversible capacity of about 140 mAh g-1. On the other hand, the MoO3-x nanosheets were employed as binder-free electrodes for supercapacitor application in an acidified Na2SO4 electrolyte. Furthermore, the MoO3-x nanosheets were used as photocatalysts for organic dye degradation. The simple eco-friendly synthesis methods coupled with the potential application of the TMO nanosheets reflect the significance of this thesis in both the synthesis and the energy-related applications of 2D materials.

  • Ehdwall, Dana Seifeddine
    et al.
    Wickman, Per-Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hur lärare kan stödja andraspråkselever på gymnasiet att tala kemi2018In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 299-316Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Wickman, Per-Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Lundegård, Iann
    Didaktik och didaktiska modeller för undervisning i naturvetenskapliga ämnen2018In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 29-249Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Hillevi, Ganetz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Jewel in the Crown: Nobel Banquet Broadcast as Co-Construction2018In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 111-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the aims of the Nobel Banquet broadcast, produced by the Swedish public service company SVT and the Nobel Foundation. The study suggests that the programme can be viewed as a co-construction of science and media, and that the Nobel Foundation has three primary purposes: 1) to teach the audience about science; 2) to honour the laureates; and 3) to maintain and increase the status of the Nobel prize. SVT, for their part, has two main purposes: 1) to teach their audience about science, and 2) to entertain. The aims of the Nobel Foundation and SVT may seem disparate, but they are interrelated. At the same time, the subtleties between the entities create a tension that develops through mutual negotiations. The study ends with a discussion of two unexpected findings: 1) the shared, yet essentially differently-grounded aims of both parties to inform about science, and 2) the fact that their scientific content has increased in both absolute and relative terms over the years, a finding that questions notions of a continuous mediatisation of social institutions.

  • Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU as a global counter-terrorism actor in the making2012In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 557-577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the terror attacks of 11 September 2001, the European Union (EU) staked its claim as an important international player in the fight against global terrorism. The EU encouraged new initiatives at the United Nations and devoted newfound attention to aid and assistance programs to third states. The EU's ambitions and heightened activity prompts a number of questions about rhetoric versus action and offers a useful test case for assessing the quality of the EU's ‘actorness’. This article applies the actorness concept to shed light on the EU's behaviour in global counter-terrorism activities. It draws together existing insights on actorness into an analytical framework containing four sets of variables – context, coherence, capability and consistency – and applies the framework to evidence gathered on the EU's international and third country role in countering terrorism. Our results show that the actorness approach sheds considerable light on the EU's international behaviour in global counter-terrorism and suggests the EU has some way to go before becoming a full actor in this area.

  • Wrange, Pål
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Historicizing international humanitarian law2018In: International Humanitarian Law and Justice: : Historical and Sociological Perspectives / [ed] Mats Deland, Mark Klamberg & Pål Wrange, Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 9-16-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Târlea, Silvana
    et al.
    Bailer, Stefanie
    Degner, Hanno
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Leuffen, Dirk
    Lundgren, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wasserfallen, Fabio
    Explaining governmental preferences on Economic and MonetaryUnion Reform2018In: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the extent to which economic or political factors shaped gov- ernment preferences in the reform of the Economic Monetary Union. A multilevel analysis of European Union member governments’ preferences on 40 EMU reform issues negotiated between 2010 and 2015 suggests that countries’ financial sector exposure has significant explanatory power. Seeking to minimize the risk of costly bailouts, countries with highly exposed financial sectors were more likely to support solutions involving high degrees of European integration. In contrast, political factors had no systematic impact. These findings help to enhance our understanding of preference formation in the European Union and the viability of future EMU reform.

  • Lundgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bailer, Stefanie
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Târlea, Silvana
    Bargaining success in the reform of the Eurozone2018In: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Abraha, Feben
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    ”If it's important to you, you will find a way. If not you will find an excuse.”: - en kritisk fokusgruppsstudie om det meritokratiska talet om ansträngning utifrån icke-vita elevers föreställningar om agens, framgång och framtid2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens övergripande syfte ligger i att problematisera meritokratins grundläggande idéer om ansträngning och ’vilja att lyckas’ som nyckeln till framgång (Carlbaum, 2012). Föreställningar som härrör ifrån nyliberala idéer om ’individens ansvar’ riskerar att förbise strukturella problem och ojämlika maktförhållanden som håller individen ansvarig för sitt eget ’misslyckande’ (ibid.). Elever som hålls ansvariga för sina egna misslyckanden tenderar att kategoriseras som ”omotiverade” eller ”skoltrötta” där deras vilja att lyckas ifrågasätts snarare än deras grundförutsättningar(ibid.). Mot denna bakgrund vill uppsatsen därför ge utrymme för barn att komma till tals i frågor som direkt berör dem och som skildrar barns perspektiv i komplexa samhällsfrågor och maktförhållanden (UNICEF Sverige, 2009).

    Studien utgår ifrån ett normkritiskt förhållningssätt som vill synliggöra postkoloniala perspektiv på orsakssamband mellan möjlighetsstrukturer och samhällsnormer som problematiserar ’individers vilja att lyckas’.

  • Adami, Rebecca
    Columbia University, USA.
    Human rights for more than one voice: rethinking political space beyond the global/local divide2014In: Ethics & Global Politics, ISSN 1654-4951, E-ISSN 1654-6369, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 163-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers political agency and space as found in Cavarero's For More Than One Voice: Toward a Philosophy of Vocal Expression in order to take a critical philosophical approach to human rights education (HRE) and the political implications of its increasingly legal discourse. Like Arendt, Cavarero is concerned with a radical rethinking of political space, as not limited to place or legal borders, but bound by our human condition of plurality and relationality. Both Arendt and Cavarero want politics to be coupled with justice, nevertheless, Cavarero provides a notion of politics that lets us think beyond territorial terms of a polis, which opens for exploring an expanded conceptualization of human rights politics, as not bound by national legislative measures, but as concerning political action in-between human beings. In contrast to the dominant discourse on ‘human rights experts’ who frame the content for HRE, the notion of ‘absolute local space’ questions the dichotomy of universal/particular in raising the importance of a plurality of unique voices who create a spectrum for the universality of rights.

  • Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Why national and international legitimacy beliefs are linked: Social trust as an antecedent factor2018In: The Review of International Organizations, ISSN 1559-7431, E-ISSN 1559-744XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent public opinion research has established an empirical regularity of unusual stability and strength: citizen beliefs in the legitimacy of national and international institutions are highly linked. The dominant interpretation of this link holds that citizens draw on their perceptions of national institutions as a heuristic when forming opinions about international institutions. This article proposes an alternative mechanism, privileging social trust as an antecedent factor contributing to both national and international legitimacy beliefs. Using original survey data on citizen attitudes toward four international institutions in three countries, the article provides evidence for social trust as an antecedent factor, while granting no support for the dominant interpretation. The article suggests three broader implications: social trust has more far-reaching consequences for international cooperation than previously understood; political efforts to affect the legitimacy of international institutions are constrained by individual predispositions; and a comparative approach is central to the study of public attitudes toward international institutions.

  • Sandin, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Kunskapsbedömning för elever med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning och dövhet/hörselnedsättning: En analys av lärares uppfattningar om bedömningsredskap i underrvisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Isaksson, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Jägare-Samlare-Fiskare: Forntida reliker eller folk mitt ibland oss?: En studie om försörjning och identitet.2018In: Överleva, ISSN 1403–5480, Vol. 82, no 2, p. 10-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Ljungqvist Charpentier, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hedniskt motstånd i Svealand under sent 1000-tal2018In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, no 2, p. 197-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel studeras beläggen, och sannolikheten, för existensen av en hednisk revolt i Svealand vid slutet av 1000-talet. En sådan, ledd av upprorskungen BlotSven, är skildrad i högmedeltida svenska och isländska källor, men dess historicitet har ifrågasatts under senare år. I artikeln studeras såväl samtida och senare skriftliga källor som den arkeologiska evidensen till religionsförhållandena i Svealand runt år 1100. Samtliga källtyper stödjer uppfattningen att det fortfarande existerade ett motstånd mot kristendomen. En jämförelse av den högmedeltida traditionen om Blot-Svens revolt med de bättre dokumenterade, ungefär samtida, hedniska revolterna i andra nykristnade områden i Europa visar vidare att den följer samma mönster och därmed framstår som mer trovärdig.

  • Petersson, Jöran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Swedish year one teachers’ perspectives on homework in children’s learning of number: An ongoing controversy2018In: Perspectives on professional development of mathematics teachers. Proceedings of MADIF 11 The eleventh research seminar of the Swedish Society for Research in Mathematics Education. Karlstad, January 23–24, 2018 / [ed] J. Häggström, Y. Liljekvist, J. Bergman Ärlebäck, M. Fahlgren, & O. Olande., Göteborg: Svensk förening för MatematikDidaktisk Forskning - SMDF, 2018, p. 91-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on semi-structured interviews undertaken with twenty teachers of year one children in Sweden. Interviews focused on teachers’ construal of their own and their pupils’ parents’ roles in supporting year one children’s learning of early number. Data, which were analysed by means of a constant comparison process, yielded homework as a theme that dichotomised teachers between those who set homework for learning number and those who do not. Of those who set homework, the majority construed it as a means of facilitating number-related fluency, particularly for children in danger of falling behind their peers. Of those who do not, the majority argued that differences in family backgrounds would compromise societal principles of equality of opportunity.

  • Gyllenpalm, Jakob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Christiansson, Ulf
    Friggebo, Patrik
    Connecting two laboratory tasks under an umbrella of uncertainty: Hooke's law and simple harmonic motion2018In: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 53, no 5, article id 055023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Laboratory work in physics has traditionally focused on the verification of facts, theories and laws. In contrast, this article describes how laboratory tasks can be used to promote students understanding about the nature of science and scientific inquiry. In the project reported here, students learn about measurement uncertainties and a simplified graphical method for propagating errors. By using this knowledge to compare the precision of two common methods to determine the spring constant, Hooke's Law and simple harmonic motion, students learn about the nature of experimentation in physics. From this specific example, comparisons can then be made with authentic research to highlight more general aspects of the nature of science and scientific inquiry.

  • Lind, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Centre for Cultural Evolution.
    What can associative learning do for planning?2018In: Royal Society Open Science, E-ISSN 2054-5703, Vol. 5, p. 1-14, article id 180778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a new associative learning paradox. The power of associative learning for producing flexible behaviour in non-human animals is downplayed or ignored by researchers in animal cognition, whereas artificial intelligence research shows that associative learning models can beat humans in chess. One phenomenon in which associative learning often is ruled out as an explanation for animal behaviour is flexible planning. However, planning studies have been criticized and questions have been raised regarding both methodological validity and interpretations of results. Due to the power of associative learning and the uncertainty of what causes planning behaviour in non-human animals, I explored what associative learning can do for planning. A previously published sequence learning model which combines Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning was used to simulate two planning studies, namely Mulcahy & Call 2006 ‘Apes save tools for future use.’ Science312, 1038–1040 and Kabadayi & Osvath 2017 ‘Ravens parallel great apes in flexible planning for tool-use and bartering.’ Science357, 202–204. Simulations show that behaviour matching current definitions of flexible planning can emerge through associative learning. Through conditioned reinforcement, the learning model gives rise to planning behaviour by learning that a behaviour towards a current stimulus will produce high value food at a later stage; it can make decisions about future states not within current sensory scope. The simulations tracked key patterns both between and within studies. It is concluded that one cannot rule out that these studies of flexible planning in apes and corvids can be completely accounted for by associative learning. Future empirical studies of flexible planning in non-human animals can benefit from theoretical developments within artificial intelligence and animal learning.

  • Unevik, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    The influence of educational attainment and immigration status on outcomes of a national self-management program for hip and knee osteoarthritis – results on 22 741 patients from the BOA register2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supervised exercise and delivered education are first step treatment for knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis (OA) according to international guidelines. It is uncertain whether OA outcomes from participation in the Swedish self-management program “Better management of Osteoarthritis (BOA)” differs for participants with different sociodemographic background. The aim of this master thesis was thus to assess to what extent there were differences by level of education and immigration status among participants in the self-management program in terms of Health, Health-related quality of life, Mobility, Health-related behaviours and Adherence to the self-management program, measured at baseline, three and 12 months. Methods: Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), logistic and multinomial regression was used to analyse outcomes for 22 741 participants. Results: For most adjusted outcomes, there were sociodemographic inequalities at all measurement points. However, there were no educational differences in mobility and attitude to physical activity at baseline, but at the follow-ups such inequalities emerged. Conversely, the willingness to undergo joint surgery differed by immigration status at baseline, but not at the follow-ups, and immigrants were more adherent towards the self-management program than domestic born participants. Conclusion: These results are pioneer findings showing that it exists sociodemographic differences related to OA treatment.

  • Niemi, Pia-Maria
    et al.
    Benjamin, Saija
    Kuusisto, Arniika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. University of Helsinki, Finland; University of Oxford, UK.
    Gearon, Liam
    How and Why Education Counters Ideological Extremism in Finland2018In: Religions, ISSN 2077-1444, E-ISSN 2077-1444, Vol. 9, no 12, article id 420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intensification of radical and extremist thinking has become an international cause of concern and the fear related to terrorism has increased worldwide. Early 21st century public discourses have been correspondingly marked by hate speech and ideological propaganda spread from a variety of perspectives through the intensified presence of global social media networks. In many countries, governments have reacted to these perceived and actual threats by drafting policies and preventive programs and legal-security interventions to tackle radicalization, terrorism itself, as well as ideological extremism. Many of the current strategies point to the critical role of societal education. As a result, educational institutions have gained growing importance as platforms for different kinds of prevention protocols or counter-terrorism strategies. However, notably less attention has been paid on the consistencies of values between the aims of the educational strategies for preventing or countering ideological extremism and the core functions of education in fostering individual and societal well-being and growth. Using Finnish education as a case, this paper discusses the challenges and possibilities related to educational institutions as spaces for preventing violent extremism, with special regard to the religious and nationalistic ideologies that divert from those inherent in the national hegemony. This study highlights the need to plan counter-terrorism strategies in line with national educational policies through what we conceptualize as ‘institutional habitus’.

  • Public defence: 2019-02-01 13:00 FB55, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Bjørgen, Johan Pires
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    The synthetic chromosphere: Results and techniques with a numerical approach2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Realistic numerical simulations of the solar atmosphere can be used to interpret different phenomena observed on the solar surface. To gain insight into the atmospheric physical conditions, we compare the observations with 3D radiative magnetohydrodynamic models combined with forward modeling (radiative transfer). This thesis focuses particularly on the less understood chromospheric layer between the photosphere and the transition region. Only a few and complex spectral lines can probe the chromosphere making its observations a real challenge.The chromospheric environment is strongly influenced by departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE), horizontal radiative transfer (3D effects), and partially-coherent scattering of photons (partial redistribution effects). All these effects make the detailed 3D non-LTE radiative transfer very computationally demanding.In paper I, we focus on increasing the efficiency of non-LTE modeling of spectral lines in realistic solar models. We implemented a non-linear multigrid solver into the Multi3D code and showed that the method can handle realistic model atmospheres produced by radiative-MHD simulations. We obtained a speed-up of a factor 4.5-6 compared to multilevel accelerated lambda iteration.In paper II, we studied the chromospheric resonance lines Ca \textsc{ii} H\&K. Understanding their formation is crucial to interpreting the observations from the new imaging spectrometer CHROMIS, recently installed at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope. We investigated how the synthetic observables of Ca \textsc{ii} H\&K lines are related to atmospheric parameters.In paper III, we investigated a simulated active region including flux emergence that produced a flare. We modeled strong chromospheric lines, such as Ca \textsc{ii} H\&K, 8542 \AA, Mg \textsc{ii} h\&k, and H-$\alpha$, to investigate how it appears in synthetic images and spectra.

  • Karlsson, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Perceptuella skillnader mellan upplevt trötta och pigga röster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sömnbrist påverkar människor fysiologiskt, kognitivt och emotionellt och kan innebära risker. Röstanalys är ett tänkbart sätt att identifiera sömnbrist, då forskning tyder på att även rösten påverkas. Syftet var att undersöka perceptuella kvaliteter hos röster som tidigare bedömts låta trötta, för att utröna hur dessa upplevs och utöka kunskap inom området. Fyrtiofyra deltagare skattade 12 röstkvaliteter hos upplevt trötta och pigga röster. Resultatet visade att röster som låter trötta upplevs mjukare, skrovligare, tunnare, svagare, har lägre och mindre varierande tonhöjd, har mer onaturlig rytm, gör fler misstag, har mindre hastighetsvariation, pratar långsammare, artikulerar sämre och har mindre inlevelse. Störst skillnader erhölls för prosodiska röstkvaliteter vilket föreslogs indikera att dessa kan ha större betydelse vid mänsklig tolkning av trötthet. Slutsatsen var att upplevt trötta röster upplevs annorlunda än pigga. Försök att detektera sömnbrist i röster föreslogs använda individuell jämförelse med utvilad röst som grund, samt kombinera akustiska och prosodiska mätmetoder.

  • Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Comparing Patterns of Segregation in North-Western Europe: A Multiscalar Approach2018In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Lindell, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Meningsbärande skräp.: Spår av rituella handlingar vid yngre järnåldersgravar i Mälardalen.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the range of small finds and other materials often found deposited in the fills and stone settings above later Iron Age graves in the Mälar region of central Sweden. This study investigates how this material, especially potsherds, burnt clay, burnt and unburnt bones and teeth, flint, ice crampons, nails, rivets and knives, were distributed in eight different grave fields in the Mälar valley. The results shows that most of this material was indeed deliberately placed on or in the graves, with different object types added to particular areas of burial monuments.

  • Berndt, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
    The hand gesture and symbols of Sabazios2018In: Opuscula: Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 11, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The material evidence left from the cult of Sabazios is meagre, apart from sculpted bronze hands dating to the Roman Empire. The hand is held in a certain pose, the so-called benedictio Latina gesture, and the hand was often covered with depictions of various objects and symbols. The bronze hands were probably attached to staffs and carried around in processions. This practice most likely spread via the channels of the Roman army during the Early Imperial period, but the gesture existed much earlier. The gesture is found on Attic black- and red-figured pottery, and is frequently associated with Hermes in his role as instructor and Psychopompos. From the beginning of the Hellenistic period the gesture was mainly used as an indication of speech, and for knowledge transmitted through speech. There are several examples of how the gesture was used to indicate the knowledge revealed through the initiations of mystery cults. Hermes is closely associated with Sabazios and is represented on the bronze hands, probably because of his role as instructor and Psychopompos; i.e. the position played by the mystagogue in the Sabazian mysteries. The gesture of the hands simply denoted the knowledge acquired through the initiation. The symbols on the hands are often associated with the Underworld, and it is suggested that knowledge acquired in the Sabazian mysteries dealt with life after death and the Underworld.

  • Andersson, Eva K
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Stockholms universitet.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Re-Emergence of Educational Inequality during a Period of Reforms: A Study of Swedish School Leavers 1991–20122018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the background of a liberalization of Swedish compulsory education, this paper analyses post-1991 shifts in the way compulsory education performance in Sweden has been shaped by parental background, residential context and school context. We can document increasing school and residential segregation of foreign background students and, after 2008, increasing segregation by income, employment status, and social allowance reception. Over time, educational performance has become increasingly linked to family, neighbourhood and school context. The greatest change has been for parental background, but the importance of school context and neighbourhood context has also increased. A noteworthy finding is that residential context consistently has a stronger effect on student performance than school context. Student grades were found to be most strongly influenced by the closest (12 or 25) residential peers of the school leavers as compared to larger peer groups. The increase in the influence of family, neighbourhood and residential context has been accompanied by a dramatic increase in the between-school variation (ICC) in student performance, but it was not until after 2005 that this increased variability became clearly linked to the social composition of the schools. This study’s results suggest that the restructuring of Swedish compulsory education has had consequences for equality, possibly because disadvantaged social groups have not been as able as advantaged groups to navigate and benefit from the educational landscape created by the school reforms.

  • Granmar, Claes G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Oxford University, United Kingdom.
    Global applicability of the GDPR in contextManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the absence of international standards for the processing of personal data, the European Union (EU) is seeking to create an effective system for data protection within its sphere of interest. As a first step, the relevant national provisions in the legal systems of the EU Member States were approximated at some level by the 1995 Data Protection Directive (DPD). It paved the way for the adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that became directly applicable as law at both a national and supranational level on 25 May 2018. Much has been said about the territorial scope of the Union legal framework for data protection. Indeed, there seems to be a widespread fear of a claim for “extraterritorial applicability”. However, the concept of “extraterritoriality” is utterly vague and the discourse has in most instances been conspicuously abstracted from its technical, economic and legal context. In this article, the territorial scope of the GDPR is explored in the light of emerging technologies, online trade and constitutional EU law comprising methodological starting points.

  • Lidén, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Gun Kessle 1926-2007: konstnär, grafiker, fotograf, resenär2018Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta temanummer av Förr och Nu nr 4-2018 presenterar en del av Gun Kessles tidiga verk, teckningar, måleri, grafik och foto, som finns utställda på Jan Myrdalbiblioteket i Varberg och några som finns i privat ägo. Mot bakgrund av det Europeiska kulturarvsåret 2018, EYCH2018, tar Anne Lidén i ledaren upp frågan om stulna kulturskatter blir återlämnade av de västeuropeiska museerna. En recension görs av Ove Brings bok Parthenonsyndromet 2015 där han ger en historisk översikt över de många fall där krav ställts på tillbakalämnande av stulna kulturföremål. Gun Kessles mångåriga fotoprojekt kring hotade Buddha skulpturer i Asien 1959-1980 belyses i förhållande till de nu demolerade Buddhaskulpturerna i Bamiyan-dalen, som nu är klassat som Världsarv i Aghanistan. 

    Anne Lidén skildrar i sin artikel Gun Kessles bakgrund i Tornedalen, hennes sjukdomstid i TBC på sanatorier 1940-1950 och hennes konstutbildning på olika konstskolor och Konstakademien 1950-1957, samt om hennes fotoprojekt med Buddhaskulpturer i Asien på 1960-1970-talet. Hennes liv 1949-1955 i Stockholm, Gerlesborg, Öland och London, skildras genom bevarade teckningar och porträtt av dåvarande maken konstnären Torsten Renqvist. Gun Kessle var tidigt aktiv i arbetet med konst och folkbildning i arbetarrörelsen, det som blev Konstfrämjandet. Källor är tidigare opublicerat material som tillhandahållits av författaren Jan Myrdal och Jan Myrdalbiblioteket i Varberg. (www.janmyrdalsallskapet.se)

    De övriga medverkande författarna Ulla Wennberg, Margareta Zetterström, Mike Powers och Peter Ekström, har samarbetat med Gun Kessle i tidskriften Förr och Nu under tidigare perioder, i Konstfrämjandet eller med hennes olika utställningar. De skriver om vad Gun Kessles konst betytt för dem och berättar om verk som finns i deras privata ägo.

    Anders Björnsson ger en Tidsbild i Höstcirkulär 1-8. Per-Olov Käll berättar utförligt om Rysk konst, musik, kulturarv och historia i en rikt illustrerad berättelse från en Volgaresa. Stora och små städer, Moskva, Novgorod, Volgograd, kyrkor, palats, offentlig konst och konstmuseer besöks liksom minnesmonument över spännande historiska skeenden, som Stalingrad. Ryska konstnärer presenteras.

    Numret är rikt illustrerat med färgbilder av målningar och med svartvit grafik. Medverkande fotografer är Olle Asp vid Jan Myrdalbiblioteket, Per Sundling vid Grafiska sällskapet och Moderna museets fotografer. Anna-Lena Renqvist har givit tillstånd till fotopublicering av Torsten Renqvists verk ur Moderna museets samling. Annika Hagström har givit tillstånd till fotopublicering av målningar av Gun Kessle. Per-Olov och Kerstin Käll har fotograferat under Volgaresan.

  • Lidén, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Dragkamp om kulturarvet - blir stulna kulturskatter återlämnade?2018In: Förr och nu. Tidskrift för en folkets kultur och historia, ISSN 0345-3162, no 4, p. 3-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Anne Lidéns ledare diskuterar frågan om Dragkamp om kulturarvet- blir stulna kulturskatter återlämnade? Mot bakgrund av de arkeologiska fynden av istidens konstverk i södraTyskland från ca 40.000 år f. Kr, bl.a. Lejonmänniskan och Venus Hohle Fels, diskuterar hon olika teman och mål som presenterats under det Europeiska kulturarvsåret, EYCH2018. I fokus för diskussionen är Skyddsmålet, att vårda och skydda det kulturarv som hotas av bl.a. stöld, skövling och krig. En recension görs av boken Parthenonsyndromet 2015, skriven av Ove Bring, prof.emeritus i folkrätt vid Stockholms universitet. På ett kunnigt och lätttillgängligt sätt redovisar han en historisk genomgång av de många fall där kulturskatter på de stora museerna blivit föremål för tvister och poltiska krav på återförande till sina ursprungsländer. Genomgången av Parthenonskulpturernas bortförande från Grekland till British Museum i början av 1800-talet visar liksom fallet med Nefertiti-bystens bortförsel till Berlin, att kravet på återförande inte alltid kan lösas på rättslig väg. Ove Bring visar att det i många fall blir fråga om en pragmatisk etisk och kulturpolitisk avvägning vad som är rätt att göra. Han ger flera exempel på positiv utveckling från de västeuropeiska museernas sida där föremål och skatter lämnats tillbaka till ursprungsländer och ursprungsfolk, och där framgångsrika samarbetsprojekt mellan länder och museer genomförts.

    Anne Lidén tar avslutningsvis upp fallet med de 1500 år gamla Buddha-skulpturerna i Bamiyan-dalen i Afghanistan, och anknyter till Gun Kessles mångåriga fotodokumentation av Buddha-skulpturer. År 2001 demolerades Bamiyan-skulpturerna totalt av en fanatisk talibanledare, trots protester från det muslimska världssamfundet, Unesco, regeringar och kulturorganisationer världen över. En klassificering som Världsarv kan fungera som påtryckning visar exemplet år 2000 med Buddha-skulpturerna i Kina. Året efter lämnade konstmuseet i Ottawa tillbaka stulna kinesiska konstföremål. 

  • Lidén, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Gun Kessles tidiga kamp för konsten - för livsvilja och uttrycksglädje2018In: Förr och nu. Tidskrift för en folkets kultur och historia, ISSN 0345-3162, no 4, p. 12-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln Gun Kessles tidiga kamp för konsten - för livsvilja och uttrycksglädje skildrar konstnären Gun Kessle (1926-2007), hennes bakgrund i Tornedalen och flytten till Stockholm 1940. Hon drabbades då svårt av TBC och vistades ca 10 år på sanatorierna Söderby i Stockholm och Österåsen i Sollefteå. Under sanatorietiden började hon teckna och måla. På Österåsens sanatorium, som var en norrländsk konstmetropol, mötte hon 1949 konstnären Torsten Renqvist, som hon var gift med 1952-1955. Torsten Renqvist studerade på Konstakademien i Stockholm och debuterade 1950. Gun Kessle gick på Hampstead School of Art i London 1951-1952 och hade sin debututställning 1953. Hon studerade också 1955-1957 vid Skolan för Grafisk konst, där hon mötte sin livskamrat författaren Jan Myrdal som hon var gift med 1963-2007. Med honom genomförde Gun Kessle under 50 år många rese- och fotoprojekt i Asien, bl.a. Indien, Afghanistan och Kina, då hon även målade och tecknade för deras gemensamma artiklar, böcker och utställningar.

    Artikeln skildrar Gun Kessles konstnärliga utveckling under den svåra sjukdomstiden och hennes ställningstagande för konst och folkbildning i arbetarrörelsen under utbildningen på konstskolorna. Hennes tidiga verk presenteras, måleri och grafik under tiden 1950-1970 vilka är utställda på Jan Myrdalbiblioteket i Varberg, samt Torsten Renqvist bevarade teckningar och porträtt av Gun Kessle 1949-1955, som finns i Moderna museets samling. Källmaterialet till artikeln är bl.a. Gun Kessles publicerade texter och opublicerade minnesanteckningar före hennes död 2007, samt min brevväxling och samtal med Jan Myrdal. Artikeln är rikt illustrerad med målningar i färg och svartvit grafik.

  • Eriksson, Inger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Lärares medverkan i praktiknära forskning: Förutsättningar och hinder2018In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 27-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary society there is a growing idea of the importance of teachers’ participation in practice relevant research aiming for a science-based teaching. However, there is no clear common understanding of the meaning of teachers’ participation. The aim of the article is to contribute to the discussion such a meaning through an analysis of three collaborative practice-developing research projects. What conditions facilitate or prevent teachers’ participation as members of a research group? Besides time and support from the headmaster, the analysis indicates some important aspects: a) teachers need to be involved from the start, already in identifying the problem and in the overall research planning, b) especially the researchers must take responsibility for securing that teachers can cooperate as members of the research group on equal basis, bearing in mind that it is easy for teachers to positions themselves as learners and c) the research aim needs to be shared between teachers and researchers. Further, ethical issues need to be considered thoroughly, since e.g. aspects of anonymity are challenged if teachers’ contribution are to be acknowledged.

  • Borg, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Universalism lost? The magnitude and spatial pattern of residualisation in the public housing sector in Sweden 1993–20122018In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important feature of the Swedish housing system is universalism, meaning that housing provision should encompass broad income groups and thus not only be directed towards poor households. Considering the recent decades of marketization and liberalisation of the Swedish housing system, concerns have been raised whether universalism remains as a key feature of the Swedish housing system. The aim of this paper is to improve our understanding of processes of residualisation in Sweden. This is a process whereby the public housing sector is becoming dominated by low income households. To describe, analyse and understand processes of residualisation in Sweden and across regions, I use a novel Index of Residualisation and longitudinal register data covering the period 1993–2012. The results indicate that the rental sector as a whole is undergoing a process of residualisation, but that there are clear variations in the magnitude of residualisation across regions. The process of residualisation is most pronounced in sparsely populated regions. The relative size of the public rental sector is a key factor to consider in order to understand the diverging trends. Regions with smaller rental sectors are associated with higher levels of residualisation, indicating that public housing may have the function of social housing in these regions.

  • Galmozzi, Andrea
    et al.
    Sonne, Si B.
    Altshuler-Keylin, Svetlana
    Hasegawa, Yutaka
    Shinoda, Kosaku
    Luijten, Ineke H. N.
    University of California, USA.
    Won Chang, Jae
    Sharp, Louis Z.
    Cravatt, Benjamin F.
    Saez, Enrique
    Kajimura, Shingo
    ThermoMouse: An In Vivo Model to Identify Modulators of UCP1 Expression in Brown Adipose Tissue2014In: Cell reports, ISSN 2211-1247, E-ISSN 2211-1247, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 1584-1593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity develops when energy intake chronically exceeds energy expenditure. Because brown adipose tissue (BAT) dissipates energy in the form of heat, increasing energy expenditure by augmenting BAT-mediated thermogenesis may represent an approach to counter obesity and its complications. The ability of BAT to dissipate energy is dependent on expression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1). To facilitate the identification of pharmacological modulators of BAT UCP1 levels, which may have potential as antiobesity medications, we developed a transgenic model in which luciferase activity faithfully mimics endogenous UCP1 expression and its response to physiologic stimuli. Phenotypic screening of a library using cells derived from this model yielded a small molecule that increases UCP1 expression in brown fat cells and mice. Upon adrenergic stimulation, compound-treated mice showed increased energy expenditure. These tools offer an opportunity to identify pharmacologic modulators of UCP1 expression and uncover regulatory pathways that impact BAT-mediated thermogenesis.

  • A. Manneh, Ilana
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Rundgren, Carl-Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hamza, Karim M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tutor-student interaction in undergraduate chemistry: a case of learning to make relevant distinctions of molecular structures for determining oxidation states of atoms2018In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 40, no 16, p. 2023-2043Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explore the issues and challenges involved in supporting students’ learning to discern relevant and critical aspects of determining oxidation states of atoms in complex molecules. We present a detailed case of an interaction between three students and a tutor during a problem-solving class, using the analytical tool of practical epistemology analysis (PEA). The results show that the ability to make relevant distinctions between the different parts of a molecule for solving the problem, even with the guidance of the tutor, seemed to be challenging for students. These shifts were connected to both purposes that were specific for solving the problem at hand, and additional purposes for general learning of the subject matter, in this case how to assign oxidation states in molecules. The students sometimes could not follow the additional purposes introduced by the tutor, which made the related distinctions more confusing. Our results indicate that in order to provide adequate support and guidance for students the tutor needs to consider how to sequence, move between, and productively connect the different purposes introduced in a tutor-student interaction. One way of doing that is by first pursuing the purposes for solving the problem and then successively introduce additional, more general purposes for developing students’ learning of the subject matter studied. Further recommendations drawn from this study are discussed as well.