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  • Disputas: 2018-10-27 10:00 Auditoriet, Stockholm
    Brinch, Rebecca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Att växa sidledes: Tematik, barnsyn och konstnärlig gestaltning i Suzanne Ostens scenkonst för unga2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to highlight and discuss the artistic force, potential and significance of performing arts for children and young audiences through the example of the work by Suzanne Osten. The focus of this research is on themes, notions of the child and artistic expressions and strategies. The dissertation discusses both the aesthetic and the political aspects of Osten’s theatre for young audiences and takes an interdisciplinary approach, combining theatre and performance studies and childhood studies. A fundamental assumption is that childhood is not a fixed or stable phase that manifests itself in one particular way for all children during all times. Another assumption is that theatre is more than what is visually apparent on stage. What is staged does not take place inside a vacuum, but is closely connected to the surrounding society and culture. To study theatre for young audiences as a cultural expression is therefore, to a great extent, also about analysing notions of the child.

    Five performances have been selected, all for young audiences: Paddakvariet (The Toad Aquarium, 1988, for ages 10 and over), Delfinen (The Dolphin, 1992, for ages 3 and over), Irinias nya liv (Irina’s New Life, 1996, for ages 9 and over), Flickan, mamman och soporna (The Girl, the Mother and the rubbish, 1998, for ages 7 and over), and Lammungarnas fest (The Baa-lambs Holiday, 2014, for ages 13 and over). A model for performance analysis has been constructed, based on hermeneutics and semiotics, complemented by three key theoretical concepts. Firstly focalization, as used by theatre scholar Maaike Bleeker, in order to understand the interaction between the spectator and the visions produced by the apparatus of performance. The reasoning of theatre scholar Gay McAuley about space in performance is used to examine how space is utilized and retained in the performances, while the notion of utopian performative by theatre scholar Jill Dolan provides tools to discuss how moments of ‘feeling utopia’ are a significant part of the selected works which raises questions of the transformative and affective power of theatre. In order to contextualize and historicise the analyses, the response of the performances is also taken into account drawing mainly on theatre reviews.

    As a whole the analyses show Osten’s theatre for young audiences as an ongoing research project problematizing the situation and position of children in society, as well as the view of art for children. Ostens performances for young audiences exhibit and make possible notions of a child outside of the norm in late 20th and early 21st century childhood discourses both within research and society as a whole. Osten’s theatre and artistry are identified as growing sideways, developing in unexpected directions while disrupting ideas about childhood and adulthood, and also what can be viewed as theatre for children and theatre for adults. The dissertation states that Osten’s theatre for young audiences can be seen as pioneering, not only in the field of children’s theatre, but also for the development and renewal of Swedish theatre in general.

  • Disputas: 2018-10-26 13:00 Hörsal 7 hus D, Stockholm
    Sivertsson, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Criminal Careers in the Long Run: Patterns and Predictions of Criminal Convictions across Age, Time, and Gender2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Why is it that a small proportion of the population accounts for the majority of crime? This question has stimulated a great deal of theoretical and methodological controversy in criminology. In essence, the debate is rooted in different theoretical underpinnings of continuity and change in crime, and the extent to which it is possible to foresee a life of crime by zeroing in on at-risk juvenile offenders. The current thesis explores four contentious empirical issues that may move this debate forward: the long-term predictability of persistent offending in adulthood on the basis of childhood risk factors (Study I); the magnitude of adult-onset offending (Study II); the predictive value of gender for criminal recidivism (Study III); and the association between birth cohort membership and criminal career parameters (Study IV). All four studies employ longitudinal Swedish administrative data, based on cohorts of individuals born between the early 1940s and the mid-1980s, and followed on the basis of detailed conviction data. The thesis also utilizes qualitative life-history narratives with former at-risk juvenile delinquents. The results suggest that theories aiming to explain crime beyond the transition to adulthood should incorporate factors presumed to cause within-individual change, even among high-risk juvenile offenders. Although childhood cumulative risk, including a wide range of individual, family, school, and peer measures, were clearly associated with adult crime, they had limited value for predicting those persistent offenders who eventually ended up in the tail of the crime distribution. Furthermore, although gender is generally one of the main demographic predictors of criminal convictions, the results indicate that it is important to include females for the purpose of understanding continuity and change in adulthood. This is in part because adult-onset offending is more prevalent within the female offending population than within the male offending population and in part because the risk for criminal recidivism among female offenders becomes increasingly similar to that found among male offenders as convictions accumulate over the life span. Finally, the results suggest that the typical criminal career has undergone significant changes both within and across gender groups during the period since the mid-1970s, a period which has witnessed a historical decline in the aggregate conviction rate in Sweden. Taking this into consideration, the employment and extensive analysis of longitudinal multiple cohort data ought to provide a basis for furthering our knowledge on the inherent complexity of crime trends, while at the same time also locating the study of criminal careers in its historical context.

  • Disputas: 2018-10-25 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Gordeyeva, Korneliya
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK), Avdelningen för materialkemi.
    Design, processing and properties of lightweight foams from cellulose nanofibers2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Foams are applied in many areas including thermal insulation of buildings, flotation devices, packaging, filters for water purification, CO2 sorbents and for biomedical devices. Today, the market is dominated by foams produced from synthetic, non-renewable polymers, which raises serious concerns for the sustainable and ecological development of our society. This thesis will demonstrate how lightweight foams based on nanocellulose can be processed and how the properties in both the wet and dry state can be optimized.

    Lightweight and highly porous foams were successfully prepared using a commercially available surface-active polyoxamer, Pluronic P123TM, cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), and soluble CaCO3 nanoparticles. The stability of wet and dry composite foams was significantly improved by delayed aggregation of the CNF matrix by gluconic acid-triggered dissolution of the CaCO3 nanoparticles, which generated a strong and dense CNF network in the foam walls. Drying the Ca2+-reinforced foam at 60 °C resulted in moderate shrinkage but the overall microstructure and pore/foam bubble size distribution were preserved after drying. The elastic modulus of Ca2+-reinforced composite foams with a density of 9 – 15 kg/m3 was significantly higher than fossil-based polyurethane foams.

    Lightweight hybrid foams have been prepared from aqueous dispersions of a surface-active aminosilane (AS) and CNF for a pH range of 10.4 – 10.8. Evaporative drying at a mild temperature (60 °C) resulted in dry foams with low densities (25 – 50 kg/m3) and high porosities (96 – 99%). The evaporation of water catalyzed the condensation of the AS to form low-molecular linear polymers, which contributed to the increase in the stiffness and strength of the CNF-containing foam lamella.

    Strong wet foams suitable for 3D printing were produced using methylcellulose (MC), CNFs and montmorillonite clay (MMT) as a filler and tannic acid and glyoxal as cross-linkers. The air-water interface of the foams was stabilized by the co-adsorption of MC, CNF and MMT. Complexation of the polysaccharides with tannic acid improved the foam stability and the viscoelastic properties of the wet foam for direct ink writing of robust cellular architectures. Glyoxal improved the water resistance and stiffened the lightweight material that had been dried at ambient pressure and elevated temperatures with minimum shrinkage. The highly porous foams displayed a specific Young’s modulus and yield strength that outperformed other bio-based foams and commercially available expanded polystyrene.

    Unidirectional freezing, freeze-casting, of nanocellulose dispersions produced cellular foams with high alignment of the rod-like nanoparticles in the freezing direction. Quantification of the alignment with X-ray diffraction showed high orientation of CNF and short and stiff cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).

  • Wikman, Carina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Lärares etiska förhållningssätt: En pedagogisk omsorg om och ett ansvar för människans unika och särskilda karaktär i förhållande till skolans värdegrund2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen bygger på litteraturstudier. Eftersom pluralism och skillnad är demokratins förutsättningar använder jag pluralism som en utgångspunkt för att tolka skolans värdegrund. Detta gör jag genom att lägga Fjellströms ansvarsdiskurs som ett raster över först ansvar, sedan omsorg och till sist pluralism i värdegrunden. Uppsatsen är upplagd så att ansvar, omsorg och pluralism presenteras enligt omsorgsetikens syn och därefter ges Levinas perspektiv på det samma. Genom att omdefiniera Noddings omsorgsaspekt och Levinas ansvarsaspekt försöker jag utveckla en förståelse för ett etiskt förhållningssätt. Därefter följer ett avsnitt med en jämförelse mellan omsorgsetiken och Levinas etik, där motsättningar och överensstämmelser diskuteras. I slutkapitlet diskuteras vad det etiska förhållningssättet innefattar och vilken betydelse det har för lärare och för värdegrunden.

    Omsorgsetiken bidrar till ett etiskt förhållningssätt genom att sätta fokus på relationer och omsorg som indirekt leder till en kommunikativ öppenhet inför den Andre vilket är positivt för pluralism och skillnad. Omsorgsetiken belyser även den etiska aspekten på läroplansfrågor. Levinas etik fokuserar på relationen och det oändliga ansvaret inför den Andres alteritet vilket är positivt för pluralism och skillnad.

    Istället för att producera den demokratiska personen kan den demokratiska subjektiviteten genom etiskt förhållningssätt framträda uppfattad som ”handlande – i pluralitet”. Fokus finns då på skillnad istället för på likhet och enighet.

  • Gonzalez, Rebecca Ysamar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Choosing the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme: Transnational Students creating Social Differentiation through School Choice in the Swedish Education Market2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    It is estimated that by 2025 there will be approximately 8.26 million students enrolled in over 15,000 international schools globally. This increased expansion of international schooling cannot be disconnected from a process of globalisation where neoliberal policies have influenced the growth of education markets. International schooling arrives as a welcomed option to students and families looking for alternatives to national programmes which are perceived to be rigid and unchanging in a new globalised economy. With enrolment rates increasing over twenty percent in the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East regions, the International Baccalaureate Organisation is perhaps the fastest growing educational group offering international schooling around the globe. 

    In this qualitative comparative case study, fourteen students enrolled in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) across four schools were asked about their experiences in the process of school choice in the Swedish education market. Semi-structured interviews were employed to explore student’s motivations and strategies in choosing the IBDP over national programmes. Utilising a grounded theory methodology linked with Bourdieu’s theories on symbolic capital, the study attempts to understand student’s choice behaviours. Findings revealed that regardless of social or educational background, students share similar motivations and strategies for choice making. Further analysis demonstrated that a collective perception of the IB alongside similar ideals of self-identity and class influence and legitimise their choice behaviours. The implication of these findings demonstrate that choice behaviours in the Swedish education market work to establish a degree of social reproduction and differentiation. 

  • Hölscher, Robin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Teachers’ Perceptions of Early Tracking: A Comparative Study between Teachers from the Netherlands and Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Early tracking is an educational practice where students are divided into separate groups of ability. Despite many studies linking early tracking with increased inequality in education, it is a prevalent feature of education systems. This research uses a qualitative approach to study the perceptions of teachers regarding early tracking and the effects that it has on equality of education. Furthermore, it compares these perceptions between teachers from the Netherlands and Sweden. By means of thematic analysis a number of themes were identified from the interview data: the teaching-learning process; self-confidence and image forming; selection process and flexibility between tracks; labour-market transitions; opportunities for self-development; socio-economicstatus; and immigrant students. Comparative analysis showed that generally, the Swedish teachers had stronger negative perceptions of early tracking. They were more worried about the possible negative side-effects of dividing students at such a young age. Moreover, they felt that by adapting their teaching methods they were able to cope with the range of abilities in their classroom. The Dutch teachers did agree that the negative sides of tracking existed, but mostly they thought that these did not outweigh the benefits that they felt early tracking has for the quality of education. A number of the Dutch teachers worried especially that if some of the low-performing students would not be able to keep up with the rest of the class, they would lose their motivation and become disruptive to the lesson. Class size was found to be an important factor here: teachers from both countries strongly expected that smaller classes might make teaching in a mixed-ability group more manageable. Increasing the flexibility between the tracks was also seen as an important factor by the teachers from the Netherlands.

  • Willson, Ellen
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Modern Day Slavery: An Analysis of Knowledge production within Awareness Curricula2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Slavery is a concept which is usually related to historically, however this issue continues today through a number of different forms of exploitation and can be referred to as modern day slavery. Within earlier research education is discussed as a method to alleviate modern day slavery, through access to education and through awareness. However, within earlier research the problem of modern day slavery is referenced in relation to globalization, yet not considered in relation to the continuation of colonialism. Using the globalization theory and the postcolonial theory this thesis explores the content of two curricula. The curricula have been chosen due to their focus on increasing awareness on the issue of modern day slavery. Through a colonial discourse analysis this thesis problematizes the production of knowledge on the issue of modern day slavery within the curricula. Through a colonial discourse analysis, it was discovered both of the curricula reinforce ideas of modern day slavery in relation to globalization, as seen in earlier research. Furthermore, there was a lack of consideration of the concept of colonialism historically or its continuation. The pedagogical implications of the curricula are discussed following the analysis which are informed by a postcolonial lens. Whereby it is discovered there are differences within the intentions of the curricula and the possible outcomes, furthermore issues arose in relation to overlooking historical trajectories and ignoring power relations on the topic of modern day slavery.

  • Haandrikman, Karen
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Webster, Natasha
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Nederlandse vrouwelijke ondernemers in Zweden: Kansen en belemmeringen2018Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [nl]

    De economische integratie van migranten kan veel beter; een onderwerp dat hoog op de Zweedse politieke agenda staat. Vergeleken met andere westerse landen hebben migranten in Zweden een veel lagere arbeidsparticipatie. Ondernemerschap is een belangrijke manier voor economische integratie, maar het is ook een belangrijke aanjager voor de economie en voor regionale ontwikkeling. Uit onderzoek blijkt dat vrouwelijke ondernemers wat andere paden bewandelen vergeleken met mannen. Dit is het onderwerp van een onderzoeksproject dat ik samen met collega Natasha Webster heb aan Stockholms Universiteit, bij de afdeling Sociale Geografie. Wie zijn deze vrouwelijke ondernemers, wat zijn problemen die zij in Zweden tegenkomen, en hoe staat het eigenlijk met Nederlandse ondernemers?

  • Wennström, Sofie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Scholarly communication as a situated learning process for PhD students: an exploratory study about publishing as a community of practice2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis aims to explore the practice of becoming a researcher and the learning process embedded in this activity by looking at the communicative practices of PhD students, within the context of academic publishing. It is likely that the way in which these soon-to-be researchers reason about the task of communication is related to their way of approaching their field of research as well as the lived world, which makes it relevant to explore further. The study was performed based two sets of data, first open-ended semi-structured interviews with eleven PhD students at Stockholm University, where they talk about their current situation, their motivations and goals and about how they plan to publish their dissertation. Secondly, an analysis of data about publications focusing on work by PhD students at Stockholm University between 2013–2016, and information about how the intended audience, i.e. the readers, have interacted with the published material. These two sets of data were analysed with the use of theories about personal epistemology, sociocultural learning and the rationality of actions. The study shows that the majority of the PhD students at Stockholm University publishes their research findings as scholarly articles in English. The conclusion is also that the publishing process can be understood as a pedagogical tool, as it provides a vehicle for the PhD students to immerse themselves in their community of practice. These findings suggest that it could be useful to further emphasise the publishing activity as a learning process that may lead to a deeper understanding of the role of the researcher in society.

  • Taherzadeh, Alice Lida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    An Alternative Currency for Education: A Comparative Case Study of Learning Practices within Time Banks2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate learning practices within Time Banks in Spain. Time Banking is a community currency concerned with the exchange of services between members using time as the currency. Parallels can be drawn with Ivan Illich’s ‘Skills Exchange’ model in Deschooling Society (1971b) and this provides the initial motivation for the study of Time Banks from an educational perspective, which is identified as a gap in the literature. Moving on from Illich, the investigation of Time Banks is considered in relation to the wider context of Lifelong Learning and the Learning Society. The heterogeneity of Time Bank models in Spain motivates a comparative research design based on differing organisational logics, whilst the exploratory nature of investigating Time Banks as spaces of learning motivates a case study methodology in order to gain a contextualised understanding of the problem. The study finds that the Time Banks are built on principles of Mutual Aid (Kropotkin, 1902) and, whilst practices and values resonate somewhat with Illich’s critiques of modernism, a skills exchange model does not best represent the learning that takes place in Time Banks. Furthermore, this research finds that in all three Time Banks, the exchange of services forms only a small part of overall activities. Additional activities provide opportunities for the exchange of skills and knowledge between participants. However, the learning highlighted as more important by TB users is learning to participate. That is, learning solidarity and personal and social skills through active participation in the Time Bank. These findings are then positioned within the context of radical adult education and future lines of inquiry are identified.

  • Farazouli, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    School Choice and Private Schooling: A comparative case-study between Greece and Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past three decades, privatization and school choice have been introduced and embodied in the vocabulary of several national education policies. Although free education has been constituted, private schooling has been steadily growing its presence over the last years in Greece and Sweden. Parents are asked to choose among different school alternatives in an attempt to find the school that ‘fits them the best’.

    This study aiming to examine the phenomenon of private schooling and the factors that affect parental school choice, outlined a comprehensive framework of the national policies about private schools and school choice in both countries. Furthermore, the Human Capital, Human Rights and Capability approaches consisted the theoretical background of the study and framed the analysis of its research findings. The case study design of the research provided an in-depth exploration of the two national contexts, enriching the study with empirical data. Twenty semi-structured interviews with education professionals and parents from both countries shed light on the reasons behind the school choice towards private schools. Regarding the findings of the research, several kinds of educational inequalities and social segregation were identified because of the fact that not all parents have access to school choice under equal terms. 

  • Jonsson Berglund, Leonard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Tryggare, gladare, friskare och smartare: En mix metod studie om psykisk hälsa i gymnasiet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot bakgrunden av att ungdomar mår psykiskt allt sämre som hindrar skolarbete och vardagsliv var studiens syfte att göra en triangulering mellan vad som står i skoldokument om insatser för att förebygga, främja och stärka elevers psykiska hälsa och hur elever upplever sin psykiska hälsa för att kunna förbättra insatserna utifrån elevernas erfarenheter. Urvalsgruppen var gymnasieelever i årskurs 2-3. Frågeställningarna gällde hur skolans pedagogiska insatser såg ut beträffande elevers psykiska hälsa och hur frekventa elevernas erfarenheter var av problemgrupperna psykosomatiska besvär, depressiva symptom, kränkningar, mobbning och diskriminering, identitetsproblem utifrån kroppsuppfattning samt problem med lärarsupport samt hur framstod förhållandet vid en jämförelse mellan resultaten. För att bättre kunna anpassa insatserna på ett meningsskapande sätt för elevernas psykiska hälsa utifrån eleverna, situation och kontext kan studien ge kunskaper om behovet av diskussion och kartläggning för bättre insikter om elevernas problem, känslor och behov av pedagogiska insatser för psykisk hälsa. Genom mix metod kombinerades kvalitativ innehållsanalys av text i skolans dokument med kvantitativ metod utifrån deskriptiv statistik grundad på elevernas enkätsvar om självupplevda problem. Resultaten visade att de pedagogiska insatserna var olika handlingar, förhållningssätt och rekommendationer. Erfarenheter fanns i samtliga problemgrupper med olika frekvens. Flickor var mer drabbade än pojkar. Majoriteten av eleverna upplevde stress, koncentrations- och sömnsvårigheter och många hade känt nedstämdhet samt igångsättningssvårigheter. Kränkningar, mobbning och diskriminering var begränsade och ingen kände sig diskriminerad på grund av handikapp eller sexuell läggning. Triangulering av resultaten i övriga problemgrupper kunde tyda på en diskrepans mellan de pedagogiska insatserna och elevernas erfarenheter. Slutsatsen var att jämförelsen tydde på en kunskapslucka rörande lärarsupport och behov av att beakta könsskillnader för rätta insatser samt att skolor behöver testa kunskapen om sina elevers olika problem för att få en helhetsbild som kan visa att resurserna används rätt efter elevernas behov och problemfrekvens. Studien har genererat teorin att en satsning på att öka förmågan till kommunikation och empati genom att höja mental och emotionell medvetenhet skulle förbättra möjligheterna till elevers psykiska hälsa för en långsiktig hållbar utveckling.

  • Morales Rubio, Luis Enrique
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Det symboliska kapitalet på bilder: En jämförelse studie av blider från två kommunala gymnasieskolors hemsidor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hemsidor är väldigt populära idag. Där finns mycket information som påverkar vårt sätt att handla, tänka och interagera. Samtidigt kan hemsidorna ha information som kan analyseras och tolkas på olika sätt med hjälp av olika teorier. Denna studie utgår från Bourdieus socialaklassteori och Basil Bernsteins teori om pedagogiska identiteter. Studien analyserar två gymnasiehemsidor. Bilden av den goda eleven studeras noggrant samt de olika stereotyperna på hemsidorna. Denna studie gör en diskursanalys av sexbilder som pekar på elevernas aktiviteter på två kommunala skolor och på skillnader mellan dem. Det gäller en kommunal gymnasieskola i centrala Stockholm ochkommunalgymnasieskola i en Stockholmsförort. Studien visar att det finns en polarisering mellan skolorna. Norra Real Gymnasium som är skolan från centrala Stockholm inriktar sig mot samhällets elitoch eleverna därverkar ha mer symbolisktkapital och haraktiviteter som utvecklardetta vidare. Tensta Gymnasium, som är gymnasieskolan iförorten,fokuserar mest på integrationgenom att göra aktiviteter som utvecklar elevernasätt att integrera sig i samhället. Det är ganska vaga aktiviteter såsomattklistra in olika färger frånhänderna på väggen.

  • Lindberg, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Gustafsson, Johannes
    Att motverka könsroller i förskolan: En studie om förskollärares upplevelser av att arbeta med jämställdhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa studie fokuserar sex förskollärares upplevelser av deras jämställdhetsarbete i förskolan. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i genuspedagogik som huvudsakligen behandlar vuxnas förhållningssätt till könsstereotypa normer. Vi har använt oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex förskollärare från sex olika förskolor i Sverige. Resultatet består av två övergripande teman ”Pedagogiska verktyg för att motverka traditionella könsroller” och ”Förskollärarnas upplevelser av två aspekter av jämställdhet i förskolorna” vilka båda har två underkategorier. Det första temat ämnar besvara forskningsfrågan ”Vilka pedagogiska verktyg använder förskollärarna sig av för att motverka traditionella könsroller?” och det andra temat syftar att besvara forskningsfrågan ”Hur beskriver förskollärarna sitt arbete med att motverka traditionella könsroller?” Studiens resultat visar att förskollärarna beskriver att de motverkar traditionella könsroller genom att ersätta könade ord samt styra barnens lekar för att förhindra flick- och pojkgrupper. Resultatet visar även på att bemötandet av könsöverskridande barn inte lyfts i personalgrupperna samt att förskollärarna upplever att den individuella pedagogens personliga intresse för jämställdhet är ett måste för att bedriva en jämställd pedagogik i förskolan. Studiens slutsats är att jämställdhetsarbetet i förskolorna är sårbart då arbetet är förankrat i intresset och kunskapen hos enskilda pedagoger snarare än i konkreta styrdokument.

  • Myrkrans, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Tellestedt, Ida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    " De vet nog inte riktigt vad de ska göra": Hur föräldrar talar om skolans arbete med deras hemmasittande barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är idag många barn i Sverige som inte går i skolan. Trots skolplikt och skolans ansvar över att eleven ska fullgöra sin skolgång, blir fler och fler barn så kallade “hemmasittare”. Föreliggande studie vill undersöka hur föräldrar talar om sina erfarenheter av skolans arbete med deras hemmasittande barn. För detta har kvalitativa intervjuer med tio föräldrar som alla har barn med problematisk skolfrånvaro genomförts. Vi har arbetat utifrån en diskursanalytisk metod och teori. Vi har inte analyserat vem det är som säger något, utan hur föräldrarna positionerar sig i tal och handling i en relation till något annat, skolan. I studien framkom att föräldrarna tar ett stort ansvar för barnens skolgång. Resultaten visar att de intervjuade föräldrarna är, eller tidigare har varit, besvikna på deras barns skolor. De upplever att skolan inte tagit dem på allvar, eller gjort tillräckliga anpassningar för att deras barn ska ges möjlighet att fullgöra sin skolgång. Föräldrarna menar att skolan saknar kunskap och att faktorer till frånvaron inte upptäckts i tid. 

  • Dizdarevic, Ajla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Olofsson, Therese
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Självstyrt lärande på arbetsplatsen: En fallstudie om nyckelpersoners lärande i ett studieförbund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällets förväntningar på anställdas ständiga utveckling och behov att stå ut på arbetsmarknaden har ökat betydelsen av individers självstyrda lärande. Syftet med studien är att skapa större förståelse för självstyrt lärande och dess villkor för nyckelpersoner, det vill säga anställda som är ensamma om att utföra sitt arbete inom sin arbetsplats. Studiens resultat har analyserats och diskuterats utifrån en teori om individuella villkor för lärande och organisatoriska villkor för lärande. Den kvalitativa fallstudien har utförts inom ett studieförbund genom analys av dokument, intervjuer med nyckelpersonerna själva och avdelningschefer. Studien bygger främst på nio semistrukturerade intervjuer, fem med nyckelpersoner och fyra med chefer. Resultatet visar att nyckelpersonerna lär sig självstyrt genom tre tillvägagångssätt; att söka information, prioritera och styra sitt arbete samt genom samspel med andra. De viktigaste villkoren för lärande visade sig vara de sociala och digitala villkoren, arbetsuppgifternas lärandepotential, vidareutbildning samt kulturella villkor. Studiens slutsats är att informationssökande, prioritering och styrning av arbetet samt lärande genom samspel med andra är ett självstyrt lärande. De olika villkoren kan delas upp i villkor på en arbetsplats- samt organisatorisk nivå. Villkoren har olika effekt på tillvägagångsätten för självstyrt lärande. Slutligen pekar studien på att organisationens fokus bör skifta från ett lärande genom utbildning till lärande som sker inom det vardagliga arbetet eftersom det är så nyckelpersonerna anser att de lär sig mest.

  • Laakkonen, Viivi
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Finland's Biggest Dress Party: A Study of the Role of Women's Appearances at the Independence Day Reception2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Finland’s Biggest Dress Party – A Study of the Role of Women’s Appearances at the Independence Day Reception, aims to understand the role of dresses at Finland’s Independence Day Reception by focusing on how the reception has earned a title “Finland’s biggest dress party”, and meanings behind the dresses. The aims are studied combining fashion and media studies in three analytical chapters focusing on the media’s development and influence, how the dresses work as a communication tool and what kind of messages are sent through dresses, and Finnishness and national identity in the dresses. The chapters are linked to each other by the importance of the communication between the dresses, the media and the audience during the hype around the Independence Day Reception. The study is based on interviews, which were conducted with seven reception guests and three dress designers, archival studies, visual culture studies and (fashion) media discourse. The study draws on theories by Roland Barthes, Malcolm Barnard and Erving Goffman.

  • Disputas: 2018-10-24 10:00 Magnélisalen, Stockholm
    Lin, Junzhong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi (MMK).
    Synthesis, characterization and applications of hierarchical porous inorganic materials: a multi-dimensional approach2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Zeolites are a type of microporous crystalline materials that have been widely used in industrial applications including separation, adsorption, and catalysis. However, great limitations on diffusion through these materials can arise due to the small pores present in mircoporous frameworks, and this can impact catalytic reactions in particular. The synthesis of hierarchical zeolites has solved the diffusion problem. In this thesis, various hierarchically porous materials have been synthesized and tested as catalysts.

    In the first part of this thesis, a titanium-containing hierarchically porous silicate material has been constructed from double-four-ring (D4R) units as building blocks.

    In the second part of this thesis, hierarchical MWW zeolites were synthesized by swelling and pillaring of a lamellar MWW zeolitic precursor (MCM-22) using D4R building units. The synthesis procedure has been carefully studied by various characterization methods, such as PXRD, TEM, N2 adsorption–desorption etc.

    In the last part of this thesis, MFI zeolites with controllable hierarchical pore systems have been prepared. Firstly, hierarchical ZSM-5 and TS-1 with open pores were generated using a temperature programmed dissolution–recrystallization post-synthesis treatment and tested as catalysts for benzyl alcohol self-etherification and cyclohexanone ammoximation. Secondly, single-crystalline hierarchical shell-like ZSM-5 has been synthesized via a dissolution–recrystallization post-treatment of mesoporous ZSM-5. The post-treatment increased the catalytic activity of the ZSM-5 zeolite for the aldol condensation of bulky substrates.

  • Lidåkra, Fabian
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Mutbrottens civilrättsliga sanktioner: om möjligheten att utfå skadestånd vid ren förmögenhetsskada på utomobligatorisk grund2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Blomgren, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. 1995.
    Sverigedemokraterna, radikala högerpopulister? : En studie av åsiktsförändringar hos Sverigedemokraterna.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand whether the Sweden Democrats has been and is a radical right-wing populist party. Both quantitative content analysis and ideal type analysis is used as methods to fulfil the study’s purpose. A second objective with this study is also to investigate if the Sweden Democrats have changed their policy positions over time. The material that will be used is party programs, election manifestos and speeches from the party leader.

    The results of the study research were that the Sweden Democrats can, and all through its history, be defined as a radical right-wing populist party. This is because of the party’s timeless focus on nativism, populism and authoritarianism. However, there has been a clear switch in the radicalness of the policy positions from the 1990ies to the new millennium. For example, in 1996 the Sweden Democrats wanted to send out all immigrants from Sweden who came outside of Europe after 1970 while today they are talking about “responsible and limited immigration”. The result of the study is that the Sweden Democrats has not gone although with a mainstreaming process, hence they have started becoming more mainstream than before. Although they cannot be classified as a mainstream party considering there resistant against immigration and other radical positions.


    Sverigedemokraterna, radikal högerpopulism, mainstreaming, exkluderande nationalism, populism, auktoritära värderingar 

  • Nechvátalová, Gabriela
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Barack Obamas retorik i tolkning till tjeckiska: Fallstudie om överföringar av retoriska figurer i medietolkning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie analyserar hur president Obamas retoriska figurer överförs till tjeckiska samt i vilken utsträckning parallellismer återges, baserat på analyser av två valda medietolkningar. Analysen visar bl.a. att de bildliga uttrycken överförs i form av omskrivningar eller utelämnas. Några retoriska figurer, såsom anaforer, anadiploser och parallellismer, skapas genom upprepningar. Eftersom tolkar inte kan förutse vart talaren leder talet är det svårt att hinna analysera om en upprepning är en retorisk figur med en funktion som bör behållas eller en onödig upprepning som bör undvikas. De undersökta tolkningarna fick en P-poäng på 70% resp. 63% vilket stämmer överens med Pöchhackers resultat om överföringar av parallellismer vid medietolkning utan manus (2012).

  • Jarder, Oskar
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Enarsson, Viola
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    ”Likvärdighet … Finns det verkligen?”: Åtta förskollärares tankar och reflektioner om en likvärdig förskola för alla barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Augustsson, Frida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Seriemördares verkliga offer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Seriemördare är rovdjur som fascinerar samhället på grund av deras farlighet. Forskning fokuserar främst på seriemördaren och offret blir obemärkt. Studier om mordoffrets karakteristika är få och befintlig forskning har fokuserat på få variabler om offret. Syftet med studien var att ta reda på om seriemördare begår mord på offer som uppvisar liknande egenskaper och visa hur variationen ser ut hos olika typer av seriemördare. Utifrån seriemördare från kända listor genomfördes en deskriptiv analys av offrens egenskaper. Resultatet visade att det typiska offret för män var en obekant, vit, vuxen kvinna som befann sig inom hans bekvämlighetszon. För kvinnor var det typiska offret en bekant, vit, vuxen man som befann sig inom hennes bekvämlighetszon. Majoriteten av seriemördare dödar inte utifrån bestämda offerkategorier utan varierar istället, vilket korresponderar med vad tidigare studier på området har kommit fram till kring offrets egenskaper. Att förstå hur mordoffret väljs ut ökar förståelsen om seriemördaren.

  • Johansson, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Upplevelser av marknadsföring vid IT-rekryteringsprocesser och dess inflytande på förväntningar och attityder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska arbetsmarknaden lider av en strukturell brist av IT- kompetens. Situationen börjar väcka oro bland myndigheter och privata aktörer samtidigt som att attrahera och behålla kompetenta IT- kandidater är en nödvändighet för många av dagens IT-organisationer. Denna kvalitativa studie hade 8 respondenter och syften var att erbjuda rekryterare och andra intresserade aktörer en större förståelse för kandidaternas upplevelser under rekryteringsprocesserna. Studien gav stöd till att en stark och realistisk arbetsgivarvarumärke kan leda till högre förväntningar och attityder av engagemang och inlevelse som kan löna sig långsiktigt. Trots att tidigare forskning belyser att RJP har en bättre effekt efter anställning, uppmärksammar denna studie att kandidaternas intresse för organisationens grad av ärlighet och stabilitet innan anställning ger stöd till att fortsatt forskning inom RJP kan vara vinstgivande för både organisationen och kandidaten. 

  • Fresk, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Övelius, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Folkhälsa i förändring: En komparativ studie av hälsoutvecklingen i de postkommunistiska staterna Tjeckien, Polen, Estland och Ryssland2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats avser att utreda om och i så fall varför folkhälsan i de postkommunistiska staterna Ryssland, Polen, Tjeckien och Estland har utvecklats olika sedan Sovjetunionens sammanbrott. Huvudsyftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka och förklara skillnaden i hälsoläget efter den så kallade rubelkrisen 1998. Skillnader i hälsoutveckling ställs mot å ena sidan ekonomiska - och å andra sidan sociala faktorer. Tänkbara samband mellan bland annat förväntad livslängd och bruttonationalprodukten (BNP) per capita samt inkomstfördelning prövas. Dödlighet och förväntad livslängd undersöks i respektive land för perioden 1989-2002. Mortalitetens eventuella samband med sjukdomen levercirros samt alkoholkonsumtion över samma tidsperiod analyseras. Datamaterialet är sekundärdata och en kvantitativ komparativ metod används för analysen. Data är konstruerad främst som medelvärden för ett specifikt årtal för respektive land. Materialet består således av ett populationsurval.

    Två olika teoretiska utgångspunkter gör anspråk på att försöka förklara problematiken med transformationen från kommunism till demokrati. Det är den nyliberala - samt den mer socialorienterade ekonomiska teorin. Dessa ställs mot varandra i början av denna uppsats. Tidigare forskningsresultat tyder på en kraftig försämring av folkhälsan efter 1989 i främst Ryssland och Estland medan Tjeckien och Polen uppvisat en positiv hälsoutveckling. Våra resultat visar att det troligtvis är sociala och psykosociala faktorer, såsom hur en familje- och arbetssituation exempelvis kan påverka en persons hälsotillstånd, som verkar vara avgörande för förståelsen av ökad ohälsa. Analysen visar vidare att en ojämn ekonomisk fördelningspolitik tillsammans med en svag institutionell infrastruktur har en stark inverkan på ovannämnda faktorer. Ryssland presenterar ett avvikande resultat i jämförelse med de tre övriga länderna för flertalet av undersökta variabler. Vi har funnit att Tjeckien och Polen står för den mest hoppingivande förändringen beträffande dödlighet och förväntad livslängd. Estland har dragits med svårigheter att komma tillrätta med landets hälsoproblematik, men har under senare år uppvisat mer positiva siffror. Ryssland representerar däremot fortsatt negativ hälsoutveckling trots en liknande ekonomisk tillväxt. Att landet så sent som år 2002 redovisar en mycket hög dödlighetsfrekvens och låg förväntad livslängd ser vi som anmärkningsvärt. Skillnader i dödlighet och förväntad livslängd mellan könen och mellan de olika länderna visade sig vara mycket stora. Det bör noteras att denna uppsats endast är inriktad på att belysa den skillnad i förväntad livslängd och dödlighet som uppkommit sedan sammanbrottet 1989 fram till 2002.

  • Bohlin, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Female Citizenship in Scandinavian Literature in the 1840s2018Inngår i: Rethinking Scandinavia: CSS Publications Web Quarterly, E-ISSN 2002-9039, Vol. 2, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Bohlin, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    Nils and the Social Mother as a Migrating Goose2018Inngår i: TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 0168-2148, E-ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 117-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution explores the ideals of citizenship in Selma Lagerlöf’s Nils Holgersson’s Wonderful Journey through Sweden (1906-1907).1 The social morals taught by Akka the goose – possibly one of the world’s most famous female leaders – influenced Swedish school children and children around the world for decades. The analysis shows that Akka is an example of Ellen Key’s concept of the ‘Social Mother’, promoting early ‘folk ideology’. Taking the cue from Sara Ahmed’s theory of ‘affective economies’, I investigate the function of fear in building a nation. A comparison with Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book (1894-1895) makes clear that although power struggle is a common theme in these two children’s books, fear has an equally important but opposing role in each book in the founding of society. In The Jungle Book, fear installs a constitutional order and guarantees Man’s supremacy over the animals, while fear in Nils Holgersson fosters community across different species; in Lagerlöf’s affective economy, fear does indeed establish boundaries, but also functions as a means to transgression and as a source of social virtues. Contrary to Berggren and Trägårdh’s claim that independence is at the core of ‘the Swedish ideology’, the experience of dependence and fear is necessary to achieve a responsible form of independence. Nils’s progress reflects a psychologically informed process of development of moral virtues in several steps, initially motivated by self-preservation, then self-assertion, habit, and finally by an ethics of love. The story also portrays different forms of government, opting for democratic rule that is intent on creating a home for the people. The nation-building function of fear is to balance the power struggle for a citizen’s right to recognition with an insight into the vulnerability of life and the need for transgressive love. 

  • Disputas: 2018-10-22 13:00 sal 14, hus 5, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Balletti, Gabriele
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Matematiska institutionen.
    Classifications, volume bounds and universal Ehrhart inequalities of lattice polytopes2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this PhD thesis we study relations among invariants of lattice polytopes. Particular emphasis is placed on bounds for the volume of lattice polytopes with interior points, and inequalities for the coefficients of their Ehrhart delta polynomials. The major tools used for this investigation are explicit classifications and computer-assisted proofs.

    In the first paper we give an upper bound on the volume of a polytope which is dual to a d-dimensional lattice polytope with exactly one interior lattice point, in each dimension d. This bound, expressed in terms of the Sylvester sequence, is sharp, and is achieved by the dual to a particular reflexive simplex. Our result implies a sharp upper bound on the volume of a d-dimensional reflexive polytope.

    In the second paper we classify the three-dimensional lattice polytopes with two lattice points in their strict interior. Up to unimodular equivalence there are 22 673 449 such polytopes. This classification allows us to verify, for this case only, the sharp conjectural upper bound for the volume of a lattice polytope with interior points, and provides strong evidence for more general new inequalities on the coefficients of the Ehrhart delta polynomial in dimension three.

    In the third paper we prove the existence of inequalities for the coefficients of the Ehrhart delta polynomial of a lattice polytope P which do not depend on the degree or dimension of P. This proves that the space of all Ehrhart delta polynomials of lattice polytopes have coordinate-projections whose images do not fully cover the codomain. This is done by extending Scott's inequality to lattice polytopes whose Ehrhart delta polynomial has vanishing cubic coefficient.

    In the fourth paper we associate to any digraph D a simplex P whose vertices are given as the rows of the Laplacian of D, generalizing a work of Braun and Meyer. We show how basic properties of P can be read from D, for example the normalized volume of P equals the complexity of D, and P contains the origin in its relative interior if and only if D is strongly connected. We extend Braun and Meyer's study of cycles, by characterizing properties such as being Gorenstein and IDP. This is used to produce interesting examples of reflexive polytopes with non-unimodal Ehrhart delta vectors.

    In the fifth paper we describe an algorithm for an explicit enumeration of all equivalence classes of lattice polytopes, once dimension and volume are fixed. The algorithm is then implemented to create a database of small lattice polytopes up to dimension six. The resulting database is then compared with existing ones, used to understand the combinatorics of small smooth polytopes, and to give conjectural inequalities for coefficients of Ehrhart delta polynomials in dimension three. The frequency of some of the most important properties of lattice polytopes can be explicitly studied, and interesting minimal examples are extracted and discussed.

  • Disputas: 2018-10-22 09:00 L70, Kista
    Saqr, Mohammed
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Using Learning Analytics to Understand and Support Collaborative Learning2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning analytics (LA) is a rapidly evolving research discipline that uses insights generated from data analysis to support learners and optimize both the learning process and learning environment. LA is driven by the availability of massive data records regarding learners, the revolutionary development of big data methods, cheaper and faster hardware, and the successful implementation of analytics in other domains. The prime objective of this thesis is to investigate the potential of learning analytics in understanding learning patterns and learners’ behavior in collaborative learning environments with the premise of improving teaching and learning. More specifically, the research questions comprise: How can learning analytics and social network analysis (SNA) reliably predict students’ performance using contextual, theory-based indicators, and how can social network analysis be used to analyze online collaborative learning, guide a data-driven intervention, and evaluate it. The research methods followed a structured process of data collection, preparation, exploration, and analysis. Students’ data were collected from the online learning management system using custom plugins and database queries. Data from different sources were assembled and verified, and corrupted records were eliminated. Descriptive statistics and visualizations were performed to summarize the data, plot variables’ distributions, and detect interesting patterns. Exploratory statistical analysis was conducted to explore trends and potential predictors, and to guide the selection of analysis methods. Using insights from these steps, different statistical and machine learning methods were applied to analyze the data. The results indicate that a reasonable number of underachieving students could be predicted early using self-regulation, engagement, and collaborative learning indicators. Visualizing collaborative learning interactions using SNA offered an easy-to-interpret overview of the status of collaboration, and mapped the roles played by teachers and students. SNA-based monitoring helped improve collaborative learning through a data-driven intervention. The combination of SNA visualization and mathematical analysis of students’ position, connectedness, and role in collaboration was found to help predict students’ performance with reasonable accuracy. The early prediction of performance offers a clear opportunity for the implementation of effective remedial strategies and facilitates improvements in learning. Furthermore, using SNA to monitor and improve collaborative learning could contribute to better learning and teaching.

  • Vedin Forsberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    FÖRETAGSREKONSTRUKTION OCH PERSONLIGT ANSVAR: om rekonstruktionsmål och borgenärsskydd2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett företag med ekonomiska problem kan, enligt lagen om företagsrekonstruktion (LFR), ges möjlighet att rekonstruera verksamheten genom ett särskilt förfarande, en företagsrekonstruktion. Syftet med institutet är att livskraftiga bolag som har tillfälliga ekonomiska problem ska kunna komma på fötter igen och därmed undvika att bolaget försätts i konkurs med den värdeförstöring det typiskt sett innebär, både företags- och samhällsekonomiskt. En lyckad företagsrekonstruktion är ofta till fördel för flera olika intressenter: bolaget som sådant, de anställda, borgenärerna och samhället i stort. Det finns därför ett uttryckligt mål om att företag ska rekonstrueras om förutsättningar för en lyckad företagsrekonstruktion finns.

    Inom ramen för det bolags- och skatterättsliga regelverken finns vissa handlingsdirigerande ansvarsregler för bolagets företrädare, som en motvikt till den aktiebolagsrättsliga principen om frihet från personligt ansvar. I 25 kap. aktiebolagslagen (ABL) finns de s.k. kapitalbristreglerna som föreskriver att styrelsen, för att undvika personligt ansvar för bolagets förpliktelser, måste handla på ett visst sätt när bolagets aktiekapital understiger hälften av det registrerade aktiekapitalet. Tillika finns det s.k. företrädaransvaret i 59 kap. skatteförfarandelagen (SFL) som innebär att en företrädare för ett bolag kan bli solidariskt ansvarig för bolagets skatteskulder som inte betalats på förfallodagen, om inte företrädaren vidtagit verksamma åtgärder för avveckling av bolaget.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka och analysera ansvarsreglerna i förhållande till målet med att rekonstruera livskraftiga verksamheter enligt lagen om företagsrekonstruktion. Detta görs bl.a. genom att anlägga ett gäldenärs- och ett borgenärsperspektiv på respektive regelverk för att utreda hur väl olika intressen tillgodoses. I uppsatsen används rättsdogmatisk metod.

    Slutsatsen är att en företrädare måste ta hänsyn till samtliga regelverk samt att ansvarsregleringen påverkar möjligheterna till en lyckad företagsrekonstruktion på ett negativt sätt. Vidare konstateras med grund i analysen att det torde vara möjligt att i dagsläget inom ramen för domstolarnas verksamhet undanta kapitalbristreglerna i 25 kap. ABL och företrädaransvaret i 59 kap. SFL under en pågående företagsrekonstruktion eftersom LFR tillgodoser gäldenärsoch borgenärsintresset på ett likvärdigt eller bättre sätt. Det föreslås även att samtliga regelverk borde ses över inom ramen för en gemensam utredning.

  • Lindegren, Frida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Förändring av dysfunktionella övertygelser om sömn under insomnibehandling: en jämförelse mellan internetbehandlingar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Insomni är utbrett i befolkningen och dysfunktionella övertygelser om

    sömn verkar ha en vidmakthållande effekt på insomni. Syftet med

    studien var att undersöka eventuella effektskillnader av

    internetbehandling av insomni med kognitiv terapi respektive

    beteendeterapi på dysfunktionella övertygelser om sömn, direkt efter

    behandling, samt om det fanns någon skillnad i förloppen. Deltagarna

    randomiserades till kognitiv terapi eller beteendeterapi under 10

    veckor och besvarade enkäter under förmätning, vecka 2, 4, 6 och 8

    samt vid eftermätning. Båda gruppernas resultat på DBAS-16, både på

    hel- och delskalenivå, sänktes generellt sett för varje mätning (η2 =

    .62). Mellan vecka 4 och 6 uppvisades en signifikant skillnad mellan

    grupperna, där gruppen som erhållit kognitiv terapi visade en större

    sänkning av resultatet (η2 = .038–.06). Skillnaderna mellan grupperna

    kan bero på den kognitiva terapins modulinnehåll.

  • Österberg, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Brännmark, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    "We all go a little mad sometimes": En kvalitativ studie om framställningen av psykopati i film2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie har undersökt psykopati som begrepp i populärkulturen och i relation till film. Psykopaten i film framställs som alltifrån en sadistisk våldtäktsman, en charmig gentleman till en våldsam seriemördare. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur väl bilden av filmpsykopaten stämmer överens med den kliniska definitionen och Hares Psykopatichecklista, PCL-R.

    Nitton filmer valdes ut som underlag där minst en karaktär beskrevs som psykopat. Vid analys noterades huruvida en specifik bedömningspunkt på PCL-R förekom hos en filmkaraktär eller inte. Således jämfördes karaktärerna med den kliniska psykologins bedömning av psykopati. Resultatet antydde att endast 6 av 20 filmkaraktärer kunde klassas som psykopater. Detta på grund av att filmskapare eftertraktar en intressant karaktär, och kan då överdriva vissa drag samt utnyttja de rådande stereotyperna av psykopati för att skapa spänning. Konsekvensen av detta kan bli att allmänheten får en förvrängd bild av psykopati på grund av hur det porträtteras i populärkulturen.

  • Berglund, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Gent, Bill
    Centre for Education Studies, University of Warwick, UK.
    Memorization and focus: important transferables between supplementary Islamic education and mainstream schooling2018Inngår i: Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 1442-018X, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results of a participative study, involving a group of 27 British Muslim students aged 15–18, who were given the opportunity to reflect on the implica-tions of having participated in two different ‘traditions’ of education: that is, Muslim sup-plementary education (in its various forms) and state mainstream schooling. The project was participative in that school senior managers had invited the researchers to carry out the research as part of their constant striving to identify the conditions under which stu-dents learn best. Both the design and outcomes of this research programme are presented and discussed in this article. One of the main findings is that the students experience the skills of memorization and focus as positive transferables. The findings will be discussed in terms of the concept of liturgical literacy.

  • Skjoldager-Nielsen, Kim
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Over the Threshold, Into the World: Experiences of Transcendence in the Context of Staged Events2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to develop an apparatus of theory and method for performance analysis, the purpose of which is to analyse potentials for experiences of transcendence. These experiences are contextualised in terms of the metaphysical, the religious, and the spiritual. The theoretical basis is a combination of Erika Fischer-Lichte’s the aesthetics of the performative and Dorthe Jørgensen’s metaphysics of experience. In the development of the theoretical discussion, a variety of experiences is explored in the context of contemporary theatre, ritual, and installation art in Sweden, Denmark, and Aotearoa New Zealand. The dissertation contributes to the methodology of performance analysis as it emphasises experience as research, and to the interdisciplinary research field of performance, religion, and spirituality, as it draws on theatre and performance studies, philosophical aesthetics, philosophy of religion, theology, sociology, and anthropology.

    The result is a practical model that allows the analysis of experiences of transcendence as created in the staged event through the complex interplay of material properties of staging and cognitive capacities for experience in the spectator’s or congregant’s process of reception – all of which are conditioned by the event’s contexts.

  • Lim, Hwanmi
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för miljövetenskap och analytisk kemi.
    Automation, hyphenation and multidimensional chromatography for PAH analysis: Analytical techniques to simplify sample complexity2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One group of organic environmental pollutants which are potentially hazardous to human health is polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These compounds consist of two or more benzene rings in their structure among which benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is classified as a human carcinogen. In order to generate accurate data for PAHs, reliable analytical methods are a prerequisite for PAH monitoring in the environment and cancer risk assessments. However, there are several analytical challenges in PAH analysis because they are a large number of compounds with different physical and chemical properties and occur at varying concentration levels, often in complex matrices. Thus, this thesis aimed at tackling these difficulties in PAH analysis using various analytical techniques such as automation, hyphenation and multidimensional chromatography, particularly to increase the detectability and separation efficiency of PAHs in complex matrices. Furthermore, analytical methods were also presented as a tool for toxicological studies.

    A fully automated two-dimensional (2D)-liquid chromatography (LC)/2D-gas chromatography system was developed to enable the online sample clean-up, separation and detection, initially with two flame ionization detectors (FIDs) (Paper I). The introduction of mass selective detectors (MSDs) instead of two FIDs further advanced the original 2D system, improving the detectability and selectivity in PAH analysis (Paper II). The PAH levels were determined in two standard reference materials (SRMs) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), i.e. urban dust (SRM 1649a) and diesel particulate extract (SRM 1975). The measured PAH levels were in good agreement with those obtained from FID- and MSD-based systems and reported by NIST (Paper I and II). Additionally, the PAH determination was done in particulates from wood burning, which also showed comparable results between FID and MSD systems (Paper II). The FID-based system showed slightly better separation efficiency owing to the use of hydrogen as carrier gas instead of helium and similar detectability to that of MSD (Paper I). However, the MSD-based system was advantageous to detecting late-eluting PAHs and separating interfering peaks in complex matrices (Paper II).

    Paper III presented an online LC system for B[a]P-selective fractionation as a tool for studying biological interactions. Fractions could be obtained from Stockholm air particulate matter (PM) extract with or without B[a]P. The selective fractionation was achieved using serial LC columns of two pyrenyl phases, resulting in more than 90% of B[a]P in the B[a]P-containing fraction. An analytical method for identification and quantification of benz[j]aceanthrylene (B[j]A) in air PM was developed and described in paper IV. B[j]A is rarely measured due to its low abundance but is known to have high carcinogenic potential. The determination of B[j]A in air PM from Stockholm (Sweden) and Limeira (Brazil), was done together with a series of toxicological studies. The measurement and toxicological data showed an increased number of estimated cancer cases from air PM exposure when levels of B[j]A were taken into account.

    In conclusion, this thesis presents various analytical approaches to obtain more accurate PAH data as well as the possibilities of using them in toxicological research.

  • Vargas Möller-Hergt, Braulio
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    The interactome of the yeast mitochondrial ribosome: Organization of mitochondrial post-transcriptional regulation, membrane protein insertion and quality control2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The proteins found in mitochondria originate from two different genetic systems. Most mitochondrial proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and post-translationally imported into the organelle. However, a small subset of mitochondrial proteins is encoded in an organelle-resident genome. Mitochondria contain factors responsible for replication, transcription and, most important for this thesis, synthesis of the mitochondrially encoded proteins. In the course of evolution the mitochondria specific ribosomes were extensively remodeled. The reasons for many of these adaptations are currently not well understood. For example, the mitoribosome is less stable and abundant than its bacterial counterpart. Therefore, I contributed in the development of robust biochemical tools in order to isolate and analyze the intact yeast mitoribosome and interaction partners by mass spectrometry. The results revealed a higher order organization of mitochondrial gene expression in complexes that we termed MIOREX (mitochondrial organization of gene expression). Besides the mitoribosome, MIOREX complexes contain factors involved in all steps of gene expression. This study also established many new ribosomal interaction partners, among them some proteins that were previously completely uncharacterized. In order to study these proteins, I refined the mass spectrometry approach, allowing a subunit-specific assignment of ribosomal interaction partners. The Mrx15 protein was determined by this approach as an interactor of the large subunit. I established that Mrx15 has overlapping functions with the ribosome receptor Mba1. Both proteins are necessary for mitoribosome membrane attachment and co-translational Cox2 membrane insertion. In a subsequent study I found a functional interaction of MRX15 and MBA1 with the regulators of the membrane-bound AAA proteases of the mitochondrial quality control system. Furthermore, the absence of Mrx15 leads to increased, the absence of Mba1 to decreased proteotoxic stress resistance of yeast cells. These results demonstrate an interesting connection between the mitochondrial quality control and membrane insertion machineries, suggesting an early quality control step during the biogenesis of mitochondrially encoded proteins. In addition, we could reveal a subunit-specific interaction of translational activators and client mRNAs with the mitochondrial ribosome. This organization demonstrated how cytochrome b synthesis is pre-organized by specific translational activators independently of the COB mRNA. In summary, the work in this thesis showed how the vast and diverse interactome of the yeast mitoribosome organizes and regulates mitochondrial translation. These regulation mechanisms highlighted many organelle specific features. The work presented here will serve as starting point to design future studies aimed at a better understanding on how mitochondria adapted to organize gene expression inside the organelle.

  • Nehrfors Hultén, Mårten
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Shaping the nation with song: Johann Friedrich Reichardt and the German cultural identity2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this dissertation is to study the nationalistic worldview as it emerged in the German lands in the second half of the eighteenth century . The research focuses on how this influenced the artistic practices of Prussian composer, writer and court Kapellmeister Johann Friedrich Reichardt (1752–1814), and likewise how Reichardt’s activities influenced and formed this field. Reichardt was one of the musicians most actively involved in the development of this field at the time, both as a composer and as a writer. The nationalistic view that a society ought to have as its foundation a common cultural identity, and that this identity should be the guiding principle for organization and government, was groundbreaking at the time. In line with this Reichardt’s ambition involved a transformation of the composer’s/musician’s role in society, turning music into a means to influence and alter the state. As the dissertation shows, this was done in a variety of ways. Above all Reichardt was advocating, and helped shape, a German national cultural identity. This identity he sought to induce in the people, for instance through songs composed specifically for children.

    The study focuses on a variety of sources, above all a selection of Reichardt’s writings, songs and song collections. These are subjected to a substantial discourse analysis. Following the conviction that a discourse is formed and expressed not just in writing, but also in musical compositions, musical practices, institutions et cetera, the analytical approach vary throughout the study, depending on the researched material. Identified in the analyses are things and signs that point towards a new nationalistic system of meaning.

    Following a chapter on the historical background, including an analysis of Herderian nationalism, an exposition of the idea of expressive communities, and an account of Reichardt’s biography, the analytical part of the study is divided into two parts, dealing with two different kinds of music and fields of musical application. The first is devoted to music for the community, used in private and semi-private company. Here it is shown how Reichardt contributed to the formulation of a German national musical style founded on folksong ideals and the concept of Volkston. The second is devoted to music for school and education and study the strong interest and belief in education that characterized the eighteenth century, and which Reichardt fully embraced. Here Reichardt’s views on education, and their importance for his activities, are examined.

    A secondary aim of the study is the theoretical development of the concept expressive communities. This is founded on a central view of Johann Gottfried Herder’s (1744–1803) that acknowledges a natural expressive desire in man. On a community-level this leads to the cultural identity (national or other) being characterized by a particular expressiveness, and being acquired through an active cultural practice. This view is particularly applicable when regarding the late eighteenth century German lands.

    One result of the study is a better understanding of Reichardt’s activities and works. At the same time, as Reichardt was not the only one involved with the emerging nationalistic ideas, the study serves also as an example and its results are valid on a wider scale, providing a more nuanced understanding of the period on the whole.

  • Jakobsson, Elin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Norm Acceptance in the International Community: A study of disaster risk reduction and climate-induced migration2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Different kinds of normative claims and statements of “oughtness” infuse the international political environment. But why do some proposed norms become accepted by the international community while others do not? This thesis investigates this central question using two normatively charged international issues as vehicles for explanation.

    One issue reflects the norm to reduce disaster risk. The other issue concerns the normative question of asylum rights for climate-induced migrants. While climate-induced migration attracted much attention in the years 2007-2008, the norm acceptance process was stymied and stalled before it had a chance to gain broad acceptance in the international community. Disaster Risk Reduction reached a different outcome. After norm entrepreneurs had a difficult time in gaining traction for the issue, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami had an immense impact on the norm’s development, which led to the international community agreeing to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015. The norm proposition to reduce disaster risk has thus reached a broad and high level of acceptance. This thesis uses a norm theoretical lens to understand these contrasting outcomes. In doing so, it shows that there are key components missing from conventional explanations of norm success and failure. Most importantly, the lack of attention to contingencies and to windows of opportunity that contingencies may open up.

    An analytical framework is developed to account for contingent factors in norm evolution, and the relevance of these components is evaluated by using the two cases in question as plausibility probes. The framework takes the key variables from traditional approaches (agency, the norm itself and framing), adds two more recent suggestions (venue and resistance) and, most importantly, adds the component of contingencies (including windows of opportunity). The detailed empirical investigations draw on a rich, and in some parts unique, material of official texts, practitioner interviews and secondary literature. This thesis thus contributes to existing research on norms and provides future researchers with an enhanced tool for explaining norm emergence.

    The case study on disaster risk reduction provided an example of how a natural catastrophe which coincided with an already planned and prepared international summit on the subject interacted to propel disaster risk reduction to the top of the political agenda and toward norm acceptance. The case concerning international protection for climate-induced migrants showed how three particular moments in time had promising potential to advance the norm toward greater acceptance but largely failed because there were no solutions to act on, because no viable window opened to drive further attention and acceptance or because there was a “negative window”. The analysis conducted according to the framework shows how events must be actively connected to a specific norm proposition and how they must be aligned with other factors that determine the success of a norm, defined in this study as norm acceptance.

    Against this background, this study argues that contingencies, and a theorization of windows of opportunity, should always be included in explanatory tools on norm acceptance. Important explanatory aspects might otherwise be missed.

  • Lundmark, Josefin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Konstruktionen av psykisk ohälsa hos barn och unga: En diskursiv text- och legitimeringsanalys utifrån tre olika samhällsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur psykisk ohälsa hos barn och unga konstrueras i tre olika sammanhang: i informationen från ungdomsmottagningen online, ett musikalmanus på ämnet psykisk ohälsa och ungdomars egna berättelser om att må dåligt. Undersökningen är diskursanalytisk och bygger på ett sociosemiotiskt synsätt. Baserat på en systemisk-funktionell textanalys undersöks hur psykisk ohälsa förklaras och hur den unga människan och dess omgivning positioneras i texterna ur ett ideationellt perspektiv. Vidare visar en legitimeringsanalys vilka diskurser som framkommer i texterna. Resultatet visar att utifrån ett vuxenperspektiv är den unga människan en aktiv, ansvarig och handlingskraftig individ som genom olika val är den som påverkar sin situation. Detta synsätt legitimeras genom hänvisningar till en individualiseringsdiskurs och en pedagogiskt tillrättavisande diskurs. Utifrån ett ungdomsperspektiv står även där individen i fokus; det dåliga måendet förklaras som ett misslyckande över att inte vara en ”lyckad” och lycklig människa. Till skillnad från vuxenperspektivet ger ungdomarna en bild av att individen står utan förutsättningar att påverka sin situation då omgivningen beskrivs som distanserad och ointresserad. De ungas synsätt legitimeras genom hänvisningar till en kravställande perfektionistisk diskurs, där normen är att prestera på alla plan.

  • Rogne, Adrian F.
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Andersson, Eva K
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lyngstad, Torkild H.
    University of Oslo.
    Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European migrants: New results from Norway2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study, Andersson et al. (2018) compared the patterns of residential segregation between non-European immigrants and the rest of the population in four European countries, using the k-nearest neighbours approach to compute comparable measures of segregation. This approach relies on detailed geo-coded data and can be used to assess segregation levels at different neighbourhood scales. This paper updates these findings with results from Norway. Using similar data and methods, we document both similarities and striking differences between the segregation patterns in Norway and Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden. While the segregation patterns in Norway at larger scales are roughly comparable to those found in Denmark, but with higher concentrations of non-European immigrants in the most immigrant- dense large-scale neighbourhoods, the micro-level segregation is much lower in Norway than in the other countries. While an important finding by Andersson et al. (2018) was that segregation levels at the micro scale of 200 nearest neighbours fell within a narrow band, with a dissimilarity index between 0.475 and 0.512 in the four countries under study, segregation levels at this scale are clearly lower in Norway, with a dissimilarity index of 0.429. We speculate that this may in part be driven by Norwegian settlement policies for refugees and asylum seekers, but other explanations are possible.

  • Kleberg, Lars
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Sverige.
    Semenenko, AlekseiStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Slaviska språk.
    SERGEJ PETROV: Poet och översättare2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Angelov, Krasimir
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Liefke, KristinaGoethe University, Germany.Loukanova, RoussankaStockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Matematiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.Moortgat, MichaelUtrecht University, The Netherlands.Tojo, SatoshiSchool of Information Science, JAIST, Japan.
    Proceedings of the Symposium on Logic and Algorithms in Computational Linguistics 2018 (LACompLing2018)2018Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computational linguistics studies natural language in its various manifestations from a computational point of view, both on the theoretical level (modeling grammar modules dealing with natural language form and meaning, and the relation between these two) and on the practical level (developing applications for language and speech technology). Right from the start in the 1950ties, there have been strong links with computer science, logic, and many areas of mathematics - one can think of Chomsky's contributions to the theory of formal languages and automata, or Lambek's logical modeling of natural language syntax. The symposium on Logic and Algorithms in Computational Linguistics 2018 (LACompLing2018) assesses the place of logic, mathematics, and computer science in present day computational linguistics. It intends to be a forum for presenting new results as well as work in progress.

  • Ironside, Joseph
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Renewed Shall Be Blade That Was Broken: Tolkien, Modernity and Fascist Utopia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of a close reading and meta-analysis of themes and patterns in the works that comprise the fictional world of “Middle-Earth” created by J. R. R. Tolkien, in specific relation to the culturally prevalent views of the decadence of modernity and the ideological dynamics of fascism. This thesis explores the ideological dynamics of the fictional world constructed by Tolkien’s texts, and argues that his work contains demonstrable similarities to the ideological dynamics of fascism in its response to the existential challenges of modernity. To clarify, this thesis does not argue that Tolkien’s fiction can be read as “fascist,” tout court, but rather to give a comprehensive outline of how the fictional world created within his texts relate to discourses critical of modernisation and to what extent the aesthetic and ideological dynamics of this world present what I will call a fascist utopia. Tolkien’s work will be approached using the arguments and theories from canonical texts and authors regarding discourses on modernity, including works from the fields of philosophy (Nietzsche), political economy (Marx and Engels), literary studies, sociology (Durkheim, Weber and Simmel) and psychology (Freud). Alongside this I will use relevant studies of fascism to analyse how Tolkien fits within and relates to the aforementioned discourses. I assert the findings that Tolkien creates a world which, in its attempts to renew the values of the past through the presentation of mythology, rootedness, community, agrarianism and hierarchy, demonstrates a semi-fascistic utopia. This is not to cast aspersions or make claims about Tolkien’s creative intentions or personal ideology, rather an observation as to the content and themes of his fictional world. I will argue this fictional world aligns with fascist concepts of identity, nationhood, heritage, mythology and renewal; however, at the same time finding it non-aligned with the central thrust of fascism, in its overt condemnation of industrialism and technology. This contradictory combination produces a fictional world which presents the renewal of what Roger Griffin terms the “shields against ontological terror” (75) now lost or delegitimised in the modern age.

  • Disputas: 2018-10-26 10:00 David Magnussonsalen (U31), Stockholm
    Cornell Kärnekull, Stina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Auditory and Olfactory Abilities in Blind and Sighted Individuals: More Similarities than Differences2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Blind individuals face various challenges in everyday life because of the lack of visual input. However, since they need to rely on the non-visual senses for everyday tasks, for instance, when navigating the environment, the question has been raised as to whether perceptual and cognitive abilities in these senses may be enhanced. This question has mainly been addressed for auditory and tactile abilities, whereas there is considerably less research into the chemical senses, such as olfaction. However, to determine whether blindness has general effects, different senses and types of tasks should be studied, preferably in one and the same study. Therefore, throughout this thesis, analogous auditory and olfactory tasks that varied in cognitive complexity were studied. In Study I, absolute thresholds, discrimination, identification, episodic recognition (i.e., after a short retention interval), metacognition, and self-reported imagery ability were assessed in early blind, late blind, and sighted participants. The only objective measure on which the blind and sighted clearly differed was the auditory episodic recognition task. The fact that early blind but not late blind participants displayed better memory than the sighted suggested that the onset age of blindness may be important for whether this ability becomes enhanced following blindness. Furthermore, the early blind participants rated their auditory imagery ability higher than the sighted, whereas both early and late blind participants rated their olfactory imagery ability higher than the sighted. In Study II, the participants from Study I were followed up after more than a year and retested on auditory and olfactory episodic recognition and identification. This time, the early blind displayed no advantage over the sighted, suggesting that the influence of blindness on auditory memory may be modulated by the length of the retention interval. Moreover, in line with Study I, identification of sounds and odors was similar in the three groups. In Study III, early blind and sighted participants were examined for potential differences in autobiographical memory as evoked by sounds and odors, respectively. Blindness did not influence the reminiscence bumps (i.e., memory peaks in certain age intervals) or have any clear impact on the number of retrieved sound- or odor-evoked memories. Taken together, the present findings indicate that blindness has no general influence across tasks or sensory modalities. Rather, specific auditory abilities, such as episodic memory, may be enhanced in blind individuals, although such effects may depend on both the onset age of blindness and the length of the retention interval. In conclusion, for most perceptual and cognitive abilities examined, performance seemed unaffected by blindness.


  • Rebrov, Oleksii
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Interactions of chiral ions and molecules in gas phase: Towards an understanding of chiral recognition mechanism2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis comprises the research related to interactions of enantiopure amino acids with chiral and achiral molecules in gas phase. The investigation of the mechanism responsible for chiral discrimination is of the special interest in this work. An electrospray ion source platform (Stockholm University), quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (University of Oslo) and Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer in combination with OPO laser (Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay (CLIO), France)  have been used in our studies. Results of experiments on collisions of enantiopure amino acids, namely phenylalanine (Phe), tryptophan (Trp), and methionine (Met) with chiral and achiral targets in high and low energy regimes are presented. The fragmentation process is discussed in detail and compared with generally accepted models of amino acid fragmentation. Formation of proton bound diastereomeric adducts of amino acid and chiral alcohols (2-butanol and 1-phenylethanol) in single collisions is reported. The emphasis was given to reveal stereochemical effects in above mentioned reactions. The structure and vibrational properties of diastereomeric dimers of tryptophan studied using infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) spectrometry are presented. Structures and energies of most stable conformers obtained with quantum chemical calculations are described and compared to the experimental data. The stereo-dependent features are underlined and the chiral discrimination using IRMPD is addressed.

  • von Braun, Therese
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan. Högskolan i Gävle, Sverige.
    Theorizing the therapeutic process in substance use-related dependency treatment2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to increase knowledge on how to understand the therapeutic process highlighting the importance of the therapeutic relationship as described by therapists and clients in substance use-related dependency treatment. The research questions were related to how the therapeutic process can contribute to a positive outcome considering the therapists’, the clients’ and close co-dependent relatives’ perspectives.


    The thesis followed a qualitative and narrative research design and consists of six studies (I-VI). Study I contributed a description of a multidimensional interactional model for the analysis of substance use-related dependency. The study revealed how a multidimensional interactional model can provide holistic and detailed knowledge about the complex processes involved in the use or misuse of alcohol and drugs. The interactional model was illustrated by a narrative analysis of qualitative empirical data. This model seemed to support a person-by-situation interactional analysis of substance use-related dependency. Study II revealed the possibilities and limitations of using a self-theoretical perspective in the analysis of the use or misuse of alcohol and drugs. The self-theoretical perspective was related to empirical case illustrations based on qualitative or narrative data. The implications of studies I and II were that a self-theoretical perspective can be integrated within a multidimensional model and can be a fruitful theoretical framework for the analysis of treatment processes of dependency. Study III presented conceptual contributions for understanding treatment of substance use-related dependency, focusing on the importance of the therapeutic process and the therapeutic relationship and the use of narrative methods. Study IV presented a structural perspective on clients’ narrative descriptions of different phases of the use or misuse of alcohol and drugs including phases of treatment. Study V contributed an in-depth analysis of three therapists’ narratives of therapeutic relationships in the treatment of drug-dependent clients. The analysis pointed out the multidimensional aspects of the treatment and focused on three phases of therapy; starting the therapeutic process and building a therapeutic relationship, the ongoing therapeutic process, and the closing phase of therapy. The study also presented an in-depth analysis of two narrative case histories on dependency treatment. Study VI focused on a qualitative in-depth analysis based on narrative data from a group of 10 clients that had undergone treatment for alcohol and drug use or misuse. The study also included qualitative and narrative data from four co-dependent clients and six therapists about their views on the treatment process and the therapeutic relationship. The results of the study described how to understand the experiential world of the clients and their cognitive, emotional and behavioral changes associated with the treatment process.


    The thesis’ contributions relate to an outline of a self-theoretical perspective integrated within a multidimensional interactional model for the analysis of the therapeutic process and the therapeutic relationship in substance use-related dependency treatment. The theoretical analysis sheds new light on the complexity of the treatment process and the clients’ struggle with their personal identity and sense of self, especially their drug self.