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  • Disputas: 2018-04-27 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Gustafson, Karl P. J.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Studies on Metalloenzymatic Dynamic Kinetic Resolutions and Iron-Catalyzed Reactions of Allenes2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this thesis lies in the development of new transition metal-catalyzed chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolutions (DKR) of both alcohols and amines. The first part of the thesis deals with the development of new heterogeneous systems for the DKR of amines. The racemization catalysts in these different systems are all composed of palladium nanoparticles supported on either mesoporous silica or incorporated in a biocomposite that is composed of a bioactive cross-linked enzyme aggregate. 

    The second part of the thesis deals with the development of a homogeneous iron catalyst in the racemization of sec-alcohols for the implementation in a chemoenzymatic DKR. Two protocols for the racemization of sec-alcohols are reported. The first one could not be combined with a chemoenzymatic kinetic resolution, although this was overcome in the second iron based protocol. 

    Following the successful iron catalyzed chemoenzymatic DKR of sec-alcohols, the iron catalyst was used in the cyclization of α-allenic alcohols and N-protected amines to furnish 2,3-dihydrofurans and 2,3-dihydropyrroles, respectively. The cyclization is proceeding in a diastereoselective manner.

    The last part of the thesis deals with attempts to further elucidate the mechanism of activation of a known ruthenium racemization catalyst. X-ray absorption spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation was used for this purpose.

  • Disputas: 2018-04-27 10:00 Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Stockholm
    Wang, Kun
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylär biovetenskap, Wenner-Grens institut.
    Transcription regulation and growth phase transition in hyperthermoacidophilic archaea2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisms from the domain Archaea are ubiquitously represented on our planet and encompass diverse fascinating organisms. The genus Sulfolobus belonging to the phylum Crenarchaeota including hyperthermoacidophilic strains that grow optimally at 65-85°C and pH 2-3. These organisms have been used as model organisms for thermophiles to investigate archaeal DNA replication, transcription, translation, cell cycle, etc.

    The focus of this thesis is on the study of archaeal specific transcription factors (TFs) as well as transcriptome changes during growth phase transition of the hyperthermoacidophilic archaeons Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and Sulfolobus solfataricus, respectively, to expand our knowledge on archaeal transcription regulation and growth phase adaptation.

    In paper 1, we studied the genome-wide binding sites of BarR, which is a β-alanine responsive Lrp family TF that activates the expression of β-alanine aminotransferase located in a divergent operon in S. acidocaldarius. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by deep sequencing (ChIP-seq) revealed 21 binding regions, including previously characterized barR/Saci_2137 intergenic region. However, only one additional operon containing two glutamine synthase genes (Saci_2320 and Saci_2321) was found to be under activation of BarR. This operon is a common target of LyM and Sa-Lrp, which indicates a regulatory network between different Lrp-like regulators. In paper 2, we showed that a TetR family transcription repressor FadRSa regulates fatty acid metabolism in S. acidocaldarius. FadRSa rests in a gene cluster, Saci_1103-Saci_1126, that mainly contains lipid degradation and fatty acid metabolism genes. ChIP-seq revealed four binding sites within the gene cluster and RNA-seq further confirmed that the entire gene cluster is repressed by FadRSa. FadRSa binds DNA at a 16-base pair motif with dyad symmetry, and binding of medium- to long-chain acyl-CoA molecules resulted in dissociation of FadRSa from the DNA. Although FadRSa is similar to its bacterial counterparts functionally and structurally, fundamentally different ligand binding mode has been observed.

    In paper 3, transcriptome data of S. solfataricus at four time points during growth, including early exponential phase, late exponential phase, early stationary phase and late stationary phase, has been studied and revealed a massive change in gene expressions during growth phase transition. 1067 out of a total of 2978 (35.8%) protein coding genes were identified as differentially expressed, which included 456 induced genes most of which were related to transposase, metabolism and stress response, 464 repressed genes most of them involved in translation, basic transcription, DNA replication, amino acids metabolism and defence mechanisms, and 147 genes with fluctuated profile including transporters, oxidation-reduction process related genes and few metabolic genes.

    In summary, the studies of two metabolic related TFs in S. acidocaldarius, BarR and FadRSa, shed light on their function and regulatory mechanisms. In addition, the transcriptome data of S. solfataricus not only reveals genome-wide alteration of gene expression during growth phase transition, but also provide a rich source of information for further studies by the archaea research community.

  • Disputas: 2018-04-27 13:00 Hörsal 11, hus F, Stockholm
    Gavelin, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola.
    The Terms of Involvement: A study of attempts to reform civil society's role in public decision making in Sweden​2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For the better part of a century, a distinguishing feature of the Swedish democratic model has been the close relationship between organised interests and public decision makers. Yet the first decade of the twenty-first century saw a number of attempts to reform Swedish civil society’s role in decision making, purportedly to make involvement activities more inclusive, reciprocal, flexible and consequential. The aim of this thesis is to describe and understand the motivations behind and the meaning of these reform attempts. Using an interpretive research design, and drawing on constructivist institutionalist perspectives on organisational change, the study asks questions about what has driven the attempted reform, how affected actors have interpreted its meaning and consequences, and how its framing and outcomes have been affected by the fact that it was devised and implemented both in traditional organisations and in networks consisting of local and national actors from civil society and the public sector. The thesis constitutes a contribution to the constructivist institutionalist literature concerned with the micro-foundations of organisational behaviour and to the governance research literature, to which it contributes empirical insights about how governance reforms have been interpreted and rationalised in Sweden.

  • Disputas: 2018-04-27 13:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Swärd, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geologiska vetenskaper.
    In the wake of deglaciation - sedimentary signatures of ice-sheet decay and sea-level change: Studies from south-central Sweden and the western Arctic Ocean2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Lacustrine and marine sedimentary archives help unravel details concerning the withdrawal of large ice sheets and resulting sea-level changes during the last deglaciation (22 -11 kyr). In a series of four manuscripts, this PhD thesis investigates the sedimentological signatures from deglacial processes at three key locations in the northern hemisphere: (i) Lake Vättern (LV) in south-central Sweden, (ii) Herald Canyon (HC) in the western Chukchi Sea, and (iii) Mackenzie Trough (MT) on the westernmost edge of the Canadian Beaufort Shelf. One lacustrine (LV) and two marine (HC and MT) sediment cores were analyzed using a broad range of methods to describe the physical, chemical, mineralogical and biological characteristics, and used to construct paleoenvironmental interpretations.

    Constituting the westernmost part of the Baltic Sea during parts of the last deglaciation, LV has long been envisaged as a key region for deglacial studies in southern Scandinavia. Sediments in LV highlight four major lake development stages following the withdrawal of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. These include the Baltic Ice Lake, the Yoldia Sea, the Ancylus Lake and the ultimate isolated lake stage. New radiocarbon dates indicate that the lake became isolated at 9530±50 cal. yr BP. A sharp transition from a varved clay unit to a partly sulfide laminated clay unit marks the final drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake, dated to 11 650±280 cal. yr BP. However, an earlier peak in pore water chlorinity identified in the sediment provides the most compelling evidence to date for an initial drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake (~12.8 cal. kyr BP) near the onset of the Younger Dryas cold event.

    Located downstream from where Pacific water flows into the Arctic, HC is a key location for understanding the details of the early Holocene (~11 cal. yr BP) flooding of the Bering Strait, and investigating sedimentological proxies for Pacific water in Arctic Ocean sediment cores. The deglacial transgression of the shelf and opening of the Bering Strait is reflected in the grain size and biogenic silica content from the HC sediment core. However, a clear Pacific water signature is not seen in the clay mineralogy which exhibits increased variability after the opening of the Bering Strait. This is interpreted as a combination of Pacific and East Siberian sources for bottom waters in HC. The absence of a clear Pacific water signature in the clay mineralogy highlights potential limitations to using this proxy in other records from the western Arctic.

    Far field studies from the Arctic Ocean have argued that Mackenzie River sediments in Younger Dryas age sediments can be recognized by a unique mineral and isotopic composition, but no detailed proximal study of Mackenzie River sediments exists to support this assertion. The mineral and isotopic (Sr and Nd) studies presented in this thesis from the third of the key regions, the MT, fills this gap. The results show that the mineral assemblage and ɛNd of fine fraction material remained relatively stable during the decay of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. An exception to this exists in a transitional sedimentary unit, deposited immediately after transgression at the site, and might be related to meltwater pulses associated with the drainage of the Lake Agassiz. The results suggest that the modern mineral and isotopic signature of Mackenzie River sediments may not be a suitable proxy for deglacial meltwater events in far field sedimentary records.

  • Dahl, Gordon B
    et al.
    Kotsadam, Andreas
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Does integration change gender attitudes? The effect of randomly assigning women to traditionally male teams2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Alex-Petersen, Jesper
    et al.
    Lundborg, Petter
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Long-term effects of childhood nutrition: evidence from a school lunch reform2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Ceder, Simon
    et al.
    Karin, Gunnarsson
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Som en hand på axeln: Beröring som posthumanistiskt feministiskt fenomen2017Inngår i: Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi, ISSN 2244-9140, E-ISSN 2244-9140, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 5-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [A Hand on the Shoulder: Touch as a Posthuman Feminist Phenomenon] With a posthuman feminist perspective, we explore touch as a phenomenon in the philosophy of education. Our argument is that touch is one of the prominent phenomena in educational contexts and therefore it requires closer theoretical investigation. In this article, we seek to challenge a ‘subject centric’ and ‘anthropocentric’ perspective, proposing a posthuman approach where touch is relationally intra-active and constantly present with multiple directions. Inspired by the methodological approach ‘concept as method’, we explore the phenomenon of touch through tracing-and-cartographing how it is used in educational texts. Two central aspects – body and ‘natureculture’– appeared in the intersection of touch, education and posthuman feminism. Touch as an educational phenomenon is seen as active in highlighting everyday activities in educational practices, and pushing them to be questioned and disrupted. To conclude, we raise a few questions and discuss some challenges that emerged while working with touch as a posthuman feminist phenomenon.

  • Disputas: 2018-04-26 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Görbe, Tamás
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    Heterogeneous catalysis in racemization and kinetic resolution along a journey in protein engineering2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The first part of my thesis concerns the use of heterogeneous acidic resins for racemization of tert-alcohols without any side-product formation. The focus was to develop a system which can be further extended to a DKR protocol consisting of an enzymatic KR reaction. Based on our knowledge of the resins, an unexpected migratory DKR protocol turned out to be an efficient method for the synthesis of carbocyclic allylic carbinols.

    The development of enzyme and metal catalyst hybrids was already an ongoing theme in our group. A supporter-free biohybrid catalyst was developed which can be used in several different types of reactions. The Pd(0)-CalB CLEA catalyst was applied in a two-step-cascade transformation and in the DKR of benzylic primary amines. The catalyst was characterized by different analytical techniques, to understand its composition and structure.

    The enzymes have always been the main focus of the studies and therefore wild type enzymes were initially utilized. However, these natural biocatalysts are associated with certain limitations. In contrast, protein engineering allows for enzymes to be modified and optimized. We have used the technique to create a subtilisin Carlsberg mutant, which was studied both by modeling and in vitro. The mutant was found to catalyze the (S)-selective transesterification of sec-alcohols containing long aliphatic carbon chains, and it also exhibited higher performance in organic solvent.

    The last project concerned the protein engineering of CalA enzyme towards tert-alcohols. The kinetic resolution of tert-alcohols with this enzyme is very slow but it occurs with good enantioselectivity. The aim was therefore to improve the activity of CalA via protein engineering. Seven amino acids were mutated close to the active site and a library was created based on our prediction. Throughout the screening, a few variants showed higher activity, which were sequenced and further analyzed in the transesterification of tert-alcohols.

  • Hellgren, Embla
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Ren förmögenhetsskada: utomobligatoriskt ansvar utan lagstöd2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Al-khamisi, Rami
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Diskrimineringsombudsmannen: hjälp eller hinder för diskriminerades Access to Justice2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Lidén, Anne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Fredsstatyn i Karlstad - debatten om Ivar Johnssons skulpturer mot nazismen2018Inngår i: Förr och nu. Tidskrift för en folkets kultur och historia, nr 1, s. 14-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fredsstatyn på Stora Torget i Karlstad invigdes 1955 som ett minnesmonument över den femtioåriga freden mellan Sverige och Norge efter unionsupplösningen 1905. Skulptören Ivar Johnssons bronsstaty diskuteras utifrån det konstnärliga uppdraget, skisserna och monumentets historiska bakgrund och sammanhang samt i relation till konstnärens övriga offentliga konstverk i Helsingborg, Linköping och Skövde.

  • Östlund, John
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Herren på täppan: En analys av kvinnornas underrepresentation på auktoritetspositioner i Sverige 20102018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnornas underrepresentation på auktoritetspositioner är ett allmänt känt faktum som ökar med högre hierarkiska positioner och den svenska forskningen kring fenomenet har pågått i mer än 20 år. Den kvinnliga underrepresentationen har ofta diskuterats med bakgrund i familjeperspektivet, eftersom kvinnor konstaterats bära huvudansvaret för barnomsorgen som bland annat minskar tiden i förvärvsarbete. Den svenska forskningen har även noterat att män och kvinnor till stor del hade anställningar inom olika organisationer och yrken. Det benämns som horisontell könssegregering och hade samband med olika karriärmöjligheter för arbetstagarna.Denna uppsatsen visar att andelen auktoritetspositioner är större i de blandade yrkena, i förhållande till de mer könssegregerade yrkena. Sambandet hos de blandade yrkena visar dessutom en ökad vertikal könssegregation hos auktoritetspositionerna, i jämförelse med mer könssegregerade yrken. Den ökade sannolikheten för en arbetstagare att vara i auktoritetsposition har framförallt männen jämförelsevis med kvinnorna, i de blandade yrkena.

  • Larsson, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi.
    Den svenska avfallsförbränningen: Praktisk eller problematisk?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Med grund i bland annat EU-lagstiftning och de svenska nationella miljömålen har avfallshanteringen i Sverige övergått från ett tidigare deponibaserat system till ett fokuserat på olika återvinningsmetoder. Den avfallsbehandlingsmetod som kanske haft störst framgång under början av 2000-talet är energiåtervinning, vilket innebär förbränning av avfall med därtill kopplad energiutvinning. En stor del av den sorts avfall som deponerades före förbuden mot deponering av utsorterat brännbart avfall och av organiskt avfall, år 2002 respektive 2005, har sedan förbudens ikraftträdande istället förbränts för att generera en betydande andel av Sveriges el- och fjärrvärme. Denna litteraturstudie syftade till att utifrån ett miljöperspektiv granska avfallsförbränning som metod för avfallsbehandling och för energiproduktion, med fokus på utsläppen av växthusgaser och andra miljöföroreningar. Utsläppen från energiåtervinningen i Sverige analyserades och diskuterades i förhållande till de alternativa metoder för avfallsbehandling och el- och fjärrvärmeproduktion som också utnyttjades i Sverige vid skrivandets stund. Synen på växthusgasutsläppen från den svenska avfallshanteringen, argument för energiåtervinningens miljövänlighet och inställningen till en fortsatt expansion av energiåtervinningen i Sverige ifrågasattes. Slutsatserna från studien var att energiåtervinning med fördel för miljön bör ersättas av materialåtervinning och biologisk behandling av avfall samt förbränning av biobränslen, vilket det redan vid skrivandets stund fanns visst incitament för i lagstiftning och planering.

  • Balogh, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Aniara - en revy om människan i tid och rum: Stil som meningsbärare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The opera Aniara by Karl-Birger Blomdahl premiered in 1959 and gained much attention forcombining its general serial style with other musical stylistic elements, as it alludes to and citesworks of other styles such as romanticism and jazz. This circumstance was considered amongother things to have led to Aniaras success, as it made the modernistic music more accessible to ageneral audience. I analyse two scenes in Aniara which contain allusions to and citations ofEllington's Ko-ko, Alfvén's Midsommarvaka, Shostakovich's Fifth Symphony, Beethoven's Ninthand the Swedish psalm Tryggare kan ingen vara regarding their intertextual meanings andaccording to Claudia Gorbman's theory of narrativity in film music. The overall function of theallusions and citations is to describe the conflicting emotions and mental states of the people ofthe spaceship Aniara: how they react to the occurring events during their voyage in space andtheir lack of hope. The intertextual references deepen the understanding of the narrative, and thesections with allusions are perhaps comparable to the aria in 1800th century opera, while themainly modernistic passages have a function similar to the drama-propelling recitative. Stylisticdiversity was not new in 20th century opera at the time of Aniara's premiere, however, the clearintertextuality of Blomdahl's allusions in service of narrative can be seen as ahead of its time.

  • Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Teaching business economics for sustainability with different interests in focus2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper presented at 2nd ARTEM Organizational Creativity and Sustainability International Conference, 14th-16th September 2017, Nancy, France

     

    Teaching business economics for sustainability with different interests in focus

    Author: Pernilla Andersson

    (for full abstract (including textboxes and table 1) see attachment)

    Introduction

    Calls for the inclusion of ‘sustainable development’ in the business curriculum has increased significantly in the wake of financial crisis and increased concern about climate change. New teaching approaches are being developed with the expectation that students will be better equipped to address environmental and social challenges.  However, there is also a concern that the concept of ‘sustainable development’ has lost the potential to address environmental and social challenges. It has been described as having become a wolf in sheep’s clothing that merely provides superficial solutions and supports the status quo, thereby taking the wind out of the sails of ‘the real’ environmentalists (Blühdorn, 2007; Fergus & Rowney, 2005). In relation to the business curriculum, education for sustainable development has been argued as being particularly challenging (Springett, 2005). The challenge is in part related to assumptions underpinning orthodox business theories. In short, the argument is that the assumption that all humans are driven by self-interest has a detrimental effect for societies by creating the assumed selfish behaviour. Research show that economists and students in economics indeed act more egoistically (Cohn, Fehr, & Marechal, 2014), although there is a disagreement regarding the effect of education, mainly because of the potential selection effect (Etzioni, 2015). I here seek to make a contribution to this field, not by adding an answer to this particular debate but by a study of educational practice in situ.  Several studies show different kinds of socialisation effects (Wang, Malhotra, & Murnighan, 2011). However, there is a lack of empirical research focusing the particular aspects of economics education that could have these socialisation effects. In this paper, I will therefore illuminate situations in educational practice where certain perceptions of appropriate actions emerge, are reproduced or challenged. Considering the current development of new teaching approaches to include sustainability in the business curriculum and the potentially detrimental effect of the homo economicus assumption, it is relevant to pay attention to the roles of a business person that are privileged when ‘sustainable development’ is integrated in business education. The purpose of this paper is therefore to contribute with knowledge about the roles of a business person that are privileged in business education when the concept sustainable development is integrated in classroom practice, and how different parts of the subject matter and/or particular classroom practices open up for different roles.

     

    Methodological approach

    In order to allow empirical openness regarding the role of business privileged in educational practice I draw on antiessentialist and poststructuralist discourse theory (Glynos & Howarth, 2007; Laclau & Mouffe, 1985/2001), which implies regarding the role of a responsible business person as a social construct. From this theoretical perspective, the places and processes (for instance classroom practice) in which the meaning of ‘the role of a responsible business person’ is made are important study objects. This poststructuralist approach to educational research is also inspired by the work of Cherryholmes (1988) who argue that educational researchers should facilitate teachers’ and students’ critical reflection by making discourses, and the rules, presuppositions and assumptions on which they rest, visible. In the context of this study, this is considered important for teachers or anyone involved in the design of educational activities and/or materials to identify, handle or avoid the kind of situations where ‘homo economicus’ ceases to be a theoretical assumption, is talked about as a fact and thereby (risks) ‘becoming real’. The analytical concept of a logic (Glynos & Howarth, 2007) is used to analyse the roles of a responsible business person privileged by teachers in classroom practice. Thus, analysing the logic that is articulated in a classroom is a way of capturing the social construction of the role of business in a specific situation.

     

    The empirical material

    The empirical material was collected in five teachers’ classrooms, two years after a curriculum reform that included integrating the concept of sustainable development into the business economics syllabus at upper secondary level. The empirical material consisted of field notes, 20 video and audio-recorded lessons (transcribed in detail), images of the teachers’ notes and written instructions on the whiteboard and the texts used in the lessons. The process of collecting the empirical material, including the kind of ethical considerations that were made is in part previously published (Andersson, 2016) and is further elaborated in the full paper. The different aspects of the subject matter involved an analysis of a business annual report/financial performance indicators, marketing/eco-labelling, branding, running a business and the social responsibilities of a business. The teaching methods included lecturing, leading group discussions and value exercises, supervising individual assignments and leading discussions after watching documentaries about the consequences of unsustainable business practices.

     

     

     

    Analytical procedure

    As a first step I identified and described all the teachers’ actions that involved a depiction of what could be regarded as unsustainable, a description of other actors in relation to a business, a description of the conditions of doing business, or indications of what a business can or should do. Repeated actions, such as when a teacher asked a different student a similar question, were excluded in order to provide dense lists of teachers’ actions for each set of lessons. The teachers’ actions were listed in chronological order to facilitate an analysis of each action in the context of the lessons’ dramaturgy.

    Second, in order to identify the logic or logics that emerged, the teachers’ actions were analysed in terms of how they, explicitly and implicitly, presented the rules and conditions of doing business and the role of a business person in the context of talking about sustainable development. As a result, I identified three logics of doing business sustainably, each positioning the role of a business person differently. 

     

    The roles of a responsible business person in classroom practice

    In this section, three different roles of a business person that were privileged by teachers in classroom practice are presented. The full paper also includes detailed examples from classroom practice and general descriptions of the lessons in which the specific logic was identified to contextualise the examples. In this short paper the titles of textboxes 1-11 are provided to indicate where more detailed examples will be added, and one detailed example is provided under the presentation of the first role (adapt to self-interest) as a demonstration of the level of detail provided in the full paper. A comparison of the logics is provided in Table 1.

     

    Adapt to self-interest (in narrow terms)

    The first role of a business person can in short be described as one who should have control of the business from a ‘sustainability’ point of view, but who at the same time must be prepared to put personal feelings about sustainability aside when financial performance indicators ‘say so’. This role is positioned by the ‘logic of self-interest’ that was identified in three lessons devoted to analysing a business annual report, which also included sustainability reporting.

     

    In short, the logic comes into play when a teacher, a) challenges (3.1.2) a student’s response that a business should take responsibility for the entire supply chain and argues  that extra costs need to be taken into account and that the lack of demand for Swedish pork proves that consumers are not prepared to pay more for its control (3.1.3), b) describes the problem of acting in a competitive market (3.1.3), c) explains that shareholders will invest elsewhere if the profits are too low (3.1.4), d) explains that financial performance indicators are used when making business decisions in order to avoid a lack of profit and in their individual assignments instructs the students to use financial indicators to determine whether or not the business should prioritise sustainability work (3.1.4). Taken together, these actions depict consumers and owners as self-interested and as preventing sustainable business.

     

    Textbox 1 – Customers driven by self-interest

    Textbox 2 – Recycling organisations driven by self-interest

    Textbox 3 – Self-interest as an obstacle to doing business sustainably

     

     

    Respond to consumers’ increasing interest for sustainable products

    The second role of a business person can in short be described as one who should work for sustainability by responding to consumers’ interests for sustainable products.

     

    Textbox 4 – Addressing external demands for sustainability

    Textbox 5 – Sustainability sells

    Textbox 6: Organic farmers are successful

     

    Be sensitive to stakeholders’ diverging interests

    The third role of a business person can in short be described as one who should be sensitive to stakeholders’ diverging interests and when making business decisions and thereby work for sustainability.

     

    Textbox 7: Business owners with power to make changes for sustainability

    Textbox 8: Running a business more sustainably

    Textbox 9: Distributing profit

    Textbox 10: Act in accordance with your feelings relating to sustainability

     

    Table 1: Roles of a responsible business person

     

    In relation to the question whether the ‘homo economicus’-assumption has a ‘productive’ function by creating the assumed behaviour the results above show that when the logic of self-interest comes into play, the assumption (self-interest understood in a narrow sense) is ‘naturalised’ or taken for real, when the logic of conscious consumers comes into play the assumption is challenged by the foregrounding of consumers’ altruistic interests (or self-interest understood in its broadest sense) and, when the logic of stakeholders’ interests comes into play the assumption is pushed aside.

     

    Discussion

    The results presented in this paper shows how different aspects of subject matter and/or classroom practices when teaching ‘business education for sustainability’ opened up for different business roles with different interests in focus.  Accounts analysis opened up for adapting to self-interest, marketing and running a business opened up for responding to conscious consumers’ interests for sustainability, and branding and the stakeholder model opened up for being sensitive to stakeholders’ diverging interests.

    The detailed empirical examples from educational practice could be useful for lecturers and teachers to identify when and how in educational practice ‘homo economicus’ becomes a norm as well as when and how other norms might emerge. In this way, the results are regarded as analytically generalizable to other business education-contexts.

    In relation to the expectation that the integration of sustainability in the business curriculum should make the students better equipped to address these issues, the results illuminate how different assumptions of human behaviour here can hinder (self-interest), facilitate (conscious consumers’ interests) or suggest a route (stakeholders’ interests) for doing business sustainably. In this way, the examples could also be useful as a starting point for reflection of how education, by including a wide range of human motivations,  could expand rather than limit the ‘toolbox’ with which sustainability issues could be addressed.

     

    REFERENCES

    Andersson, P. 2016. The Responsible Business Person - Studies of Business Education for Sustainability. Södertörn University, Huddinge.

    Blühdorn, I. 2007. Sustaining the unsustainable: Symbolic politics and the politics of simulation. Environmental Politics, 16(2): 251-275.

    Cherryholmes, C. H. 1988. Power and criticism : poststructural investigations in education. New York: Teachers College P.

    Cohn, A., Fehr, E., & Marechal, M. A. 2014. Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature, 516(7529): 86-89.

    Etzioni, A. 2015. The Moral Effects of Economic Teaching. Sociological Forum, 30(1): 228-233.

    Fergus, A. H. T., & Rowney, J. I. A. 2005. Sustainable Development: Lost Meaning and Opportunity? Journal of Business Ethics, 60(1): 17-27.

    Glynos, J., & Howarth, D. 2007. Logics of critical explanation in social and political theory. London: Routledge.

    Laclau, E., & Mouffe, C. 1985/2001. Hegemony and socialist strategy : towards a radical democratic politics. London: Verso.

    Springett, D. 2005. ‘Education for sustainability’ in the business studies curriculum: a call for a critical agenda. Business Strategy and the Environment, 14(3): 146-159.

    Wang, L., Malhotra, D., & Murnighan, J. K. 2011. Economics education and greed. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10(4): 643-660.

     

     

  • Nuland Hansen, Karianne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Steensma, Jonna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Vikten av den pedagogiska inomhusmiljön: En studie om förskollärares syn på den pedagogiska inomhusmiljön inom traditionella förskolor samt specialförskolor2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Palmqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Domarringarnas placering i landskapet: En studie av nordligaste Smålands järnåldersbygd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I analyze the stone circles known as domarringar in northern Småland. In order to understand the stone circles, one must understand the society that built them, I argue. Therefore I first date them so I can put them in a context. After dating them to late Roman Iron Age and Migration period, I discuss hill forts, gold bracteates and rotary querns as a starting point for understanding the society and ideology that built the stone circles. I argue that the stone circles are a product of the midgård-ideology and that they have to be understood in that light. The stone circles are always found close to a road and often relatively high in the landscape. They manifest boundaries in the landscape.

  • Elfström, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Sjögårdar: En saknad del från 1600-talets slottsbebyggelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with a harbor near Swedish castles called sea courtyards in the 17th century. It also deals with an old work made by Erik Dahlbergh called Suecia antiqua et hodierna as a source material in order to find these sea courtyards that does not exist in present day.

  • Almqvist, Roland
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Measuring the threat of competition: Services for the elderly in the City of Stockholm1999Inngår i: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Almqvist, Roland
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Management by contract: En studie utifrån programmatiska och teknologiska aspekter2000Inngår i: Kommunal Ekonomi och Politik, ISSN 1402-8700, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 53-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Almqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    van Helden, Jan
    Reichard, Christoph
    Public sector governance and accountability2013Inngår i: Critical Perspectives on Accounting, ISSN 1045-2354, E-ISSN 1095-9955, Vol. 24, nr 7-8, s. 479-487Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Daryan, Aziz
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Budakci, Devran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Varför ska jag lämna?: Grundskoleelevers upplevelser och reflektioner av att stanna kvar på skolor i utsatta områden2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur elever upplever och reflekterar om att stanna kvar på en skola med så kallat ”dåligt rykte”, trots att de har rätten att välja skola i ett annat område. För att få fram elevernas upplevelser och reflektioner har vi utfört kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har transkriberats och analyserats med hjälp av fenomenologi som teoretisk ansats. Intervjuerna visade att alla elever trivs i den undersökta skolan och de upplever inte att skolan är sämre än andra skolor. Faktorer som trygghet, hemkänsla, gemenskap och socialt nätverk lyfter eleverna fram som det viktigaste om skolan och området. Resultatet visade även att eleverna inte byter skola eftersom de känner sig oroliga över att dömas utifrån var de bor och på så sätt inte få likvärdig bemötande av lärarna och de andra eleverna. Slutsatsen är att eleverna inte upplever att ett skolbyte är nödvändigt i och med att de upplever sig gå på en bra skola som präglas av stark gemenskap och trygghet. 

  • Lind, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jonsson, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    En jolle som guppar bredvid skutan?: En tolkande fenomenologisk studie om fritidspedagogers upplevelser av yrkesrollen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Ruohtula Lundin, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blom, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lärprocesser genom estetiken: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om nio fritidshemslärares syn på- och arbete med estetiska lärprocesser.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på hur nio fritidshemslärares ser på- och arbeta med estetiska lärprocesser. Studien utgick ifrån tre frågeställningar: Vad kan estetiska lärprocesser innebära för fritidshemslärare? Vad kan estetiska lärprocesser bidra med i fritidshemsverksamheten? Hur påverkar estetiska lärprocesser lärandet via interaktioner och göranden? För att erhålla oss kunskapen om detta ämne gjordes kvalitativa strukturerade intervjuer med nio fritidshemslärare. Intervjuerna transkriberades och bearbetades med tematisk analysmetod, med sociokulturellt perspektiv som vald teori. Den tematiska analysen genererade i tre teman: Lärandet av det där ”lilla extra”, meningsskapande och laborativt lärande. Resultatet av studien visar bland annat på fritidshemmets möjligheter att ge näring till barnets inre drivkraft, att upptäcka och utnyttja olika typer av kunskaper både på kort- och lång sikt. En del av fritidshemmets verksamhet är det estetiska görandet och skapandet, där drivkraften frodas via interaktioner genom lek.

  • Johansson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Barns inflytande på fritidshemmet ur pedagogers perspektiv: Demokrati och inflytande på fritidshemmet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på fritidspedagogers upplevelser om barnen hade inflytande på fritidshemmen samt hur pedagogerna förstärker barnens möjlighet till inflytande i verksamheten. Metoden som valdes var kvalitativa intervjuer då det ansågs mest lämplig för denna studie som handlar om att intervjua fritidspedagoger. Resultatet visade att de 6 fritidspedagogerna som deltog i studien hade olika syn på i vilken mån barnen hade inflytande på fritidshemmet och i vilka demokratiska aspekter fritidspedagogerna arbetade med att införa inflytande. Resultatet har sedan analyserats med hjälp utav Maria Ursberg (1996) tre interaktionsstilar. Fritidspedagogerna som deltog i studien var från både Värmlands län samt Stockholms län. Slutsatsen som kan dras är att elevinflytande bör förstärkas ytterligare på fritidshemmet.  

  • Karlsson, Per-Arne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    Do we have a Curriculum? Learning Trajectory Based Instruction - towards a theory for teaching History: Questions and hypothesis about education of History-teachers2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Ek, Adam
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Wirén, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Östling, Robert
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Nilsson Björkenstam, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Grigonytė, Gintarė
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Gustafson Capková, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Identifying Speakers and Addressees in Dialogues Extracted from Literary Fiction2018Inngår i: 11th edition of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, European Language Resources Association, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an approach to identifying speakers and addressees in dialogues extracted from literary fiction, along with a dataset annotated for speaker and addressee. The overall purpose of this is to provide annotation of dialogue interaction between characters in literary corpora in order to allow for enriched search facilities and construction of social networks from the corpora. To predict speakers and addressees in a dialogue, we use a sequence labeling approach applied to a given set of characters. We use features relating to the current dialogue, the preceding narrative, and the complete preceding context. The results indicate that even with a small amount of training data, it is possible to build a fairly accurate classifier for speaker and addressee identification across different authors, though the identification of addressees is the more difficult task.

  • Balachandran, Aparna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Perspectives and Practices Regarding Written Corrective Feedback in Swedish Context: A Case Study2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersökte uppfattningar om praktiker när det gäller skriftliga återkopplingsmetoder för två lärare i engelska på ett svensk gymnasium. Projektet som utformades som en fallstudie undersökte också de kontextuella faktorerna som påverkar lärarnas kunskaper, övertygelser och skriftliga återkopplingsmetoder genom att samla in data med hjälp av Think-Aloud protokoll sessioner, halvstrukturerade intervjuer och analys av kommenterade studenttexter. Resultaten tyder på att det finns skillnader i lärarnas uppfattningar och faktiska praxis när det gäller att lära sig att skriva och tillhandahålla skriftlig återkoppling på grund av de kontextuella faktorerna. Resultaten visar också att lärarnas akademiska identitet, erfarenhet och institutionella krav tillsammans med andra faktorer som betyg, tid, studentmotivering och klassrummstorlek har påverkat lärarens beslutsprocess.

  • Storm, Palle
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Betydelsen av kön och hudfärg i äldreboendets vardag under olika organisatoriska villkor2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though nursing home care in Sweden and Canada takes place in different care contexts and utilizes different organisational models, in both countries, the traditional image of an ideal care worker is characterized by femininity and whiteness. However, today, in both countries, the care workforce is becoming far more diverse, with increasing numbers of white men, and non-white women and men.

    The overarching aim of this thesis is to study the meaning of gender and skin colour in the everyday life in Swedish and Canadian nursing homes. The study, based on observations and interviews, focuses on how organizational conditions contribute to creating, maintaining and challenging notions of gender and skin colour.

    The thesis consists of four articles, analysing the following questions:

    How is gender, in interaction with ethnicity and sexuality, expressed by women and men care workers in a Swedish nursing home? How do organizational conditions shape and influence men’s positions and their possibilities to be integrated and accepted as care workers in two Canadian nursing homes characterized by different care models?  How do organizational conditions impact on care workers’ strategies to handle skin colour, racism and language problems in Swedish and Canadian nursing homes characterized by different scope for care workers to exercise discretion? How do non-white men born outside Europe describe their experiences of working in Swedish nursing homes, and what does it mean for them to have a body that differs from the traditional image of a care worker?

    Overall, the findings demonstrate that an interaction of gender and skin colour shapes the workers’ experiences and position in the everyday life of care. The most profound impact is on those who deviate the most from the normative care worker, non-white men care workers. Significantly, the results also show that the ability for the organization to handle diversity is highly dependent on whether or not the workers are able to exercise discretion in their daily work. If these organizational conditions do not exist, there is a high risk that men and non-white workers will be seen as problematic by both co-workers and residents.

    In order to mitigate these risks and manage the increasing diversity of those working in nursing homes, it is essential to recognize the importance of organizational conditions that can create and ensure acceptance and integration of care workers from diverse backgrounds. Therefore, questions about gender and skin colour must be recognized as a priority for management, an organizational matter that should not be left to the individual or the work group to handle.

  • Hallonsten Halling, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Adverbs: A typological study of a disputed category2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion adverb is often treated as encompassing leftover items in a class that shows little consistency both within and ​across languages. Adverbs are less frequent than other parts of speech cross-linguistically, they seldom inflect, and they are rarely used as a source for derivation to other categories.

    This dissertation focuses on adverbs that denote properties and that can be used as modifiers within predicating expressions. The adverbs in this group are roughly equivalent to the traditional manner adverbs (She walked slowly). In their role as modifiers, these adverbs are parallel to attributive adjectives, which also denote properties, and are modifiers in referring expressions (slow train). Adjectives often also occur in the predicative function (The train is slow). This study compares adverbs to attributive and predicative adjectives in a sample of 60 genealogically diverse languages from around the world. Simple adverbs are attested in the majority of these languages, including in some languages that do not have simple adjectives. The comparison with attributive and predicative adjectives is carried out at three levels of encoding: the root, the lexeme, and the construction. The analysis shows that a great majority of languages have the same root encoding for adverbs, attributive adjectives, and predicative adjectives. Many languages have a class of lexemes that are used in the functions of both adverbs and attributive adjectives, here called general modifiers. On the construction level, where constructions are analyzed in their entirety, important encoding similarities between adverbs and predicative adjectives are unraveled. In a few languages, adverbs and attributive adjectives are encoded by the same or similar constructions.

    The attested simple adverbs and general modifiers both fall into certain characteristic semantic types. For simple adverbs, a core type is SPEED, which is found among the adverbs of most sample languages. The types VALUE, CARE, and NOISE are also found among the simple adverbs of several languages. For general modifiers, VALUE appears as a core type. These semantic types are further attested in tendencies of adverb lexicalization and in adverbial affixation across languages. 

    This dissertation shows that adverbs constitute a cross-linguistically prototypical part of speech, although they differ in many ways from other categories. The basis for this class, just as for adjectives, is the presence of simple lexemes that tend to have similar semantics in unrelated and geographically distant languages. Adverbs are thus conceptually no less basic than adjectives.

  • Hallgren, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik. Högskolan i Gävle, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Ledtrådar till estetiskt engagemang i processdrama: Samspel i roll i en fiktiv verksamhet2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to deepen the understanding of role taking and the function of role for developing and exploring the possible content in process drama, with the help of Leontiev’s activity theory and Bakhtin’s dialogism. The relation between role taking, aesthetic engagement and the concept of perezhivanie, used by Vygotsky, is also reflected on and used as analytical tools. A starting point for the study was Bundy’s concept of aesthetic engagement.

    Previous research about process drama has focused on three main themes: teaching and learning a subject matter, engagement, and creative leadership. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge base on how role is created and maintained in process drama, thereby making it possible to develop and explore a thematic content.

    One single process drama conducted at an English secondary school is closely analysed in the thesis. A whole day session was filmed, transcribed and interpreted into thick descriptions. Interviews and letters written in role are used as complementary data. This made it possible to focus on nuances and subtle changes in the complexity that characterizes a process drama, and to focus on how the students’ role taking starts and develops.  

    The results from the detailed analysis showed, from an activity theory perspective, that process drama can be understood as two activities with two different motives/objects. These two are an educational activity with learning drama as motive/object and a temporary fictional activity where the motive/object is tentative and under construction through the pupils’ in-role-actions. Actions deriving from the educational activity should not be allowed to influence the fictional, otherwise the fictional activity will be diminished.

    How the teacher used power levelling postupaks, when opening dilemmas, and teacher-in-role was of great importance for the pupils’ role taking. Postupaks are a consequence of the format of the temporary fictional activity and the interpretation of the tentative motive/object. Using postupaks in role develops what I call expectagency, a capacity based on mutual agreement in an activity with a playful format, where the negotiations become qualitatively different when done by postupaks. Expectagency is a capability to handle uncertainty and change. The use of postupaks was crucial for both the maintenance of the fiction and the exploration of the thematic content. Going into and being in role is a complex process. Six kinds of postupaks were discerned, aimed at developing and exploring, and six other kinds of postupaks served to re-charge the tension by using aesthetic tools. Another important finding was how the students re-used postures and gestures from an initial freeze frame as tools for role taking during the whole drama, and especially when the tension decreased.   

    The fictional activity is turbo-charged, generating feelings both in and out of role, charged through different kinds of tension; between the two activities, oneself and the role (aesthetic doubling), the use of postupaks and the dramatic tension. This turbo-charged activity is a short cut for perezhivanie. Perezhivanie is tangential to the concept of aesthetic engagement, but from an educational perspective the expanded concept of aesthetic engagement appears to be more useful.

  • Ramstrand, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Rey, Vincent
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sambandet mellan brister i exekutiva funktioner och symtom på ADHD hos förskolebarn2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Brister i exekutiva funktioner (EF) har i tidigare forskning visat sig ha en koppling till symtom på Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Studiens syfte var att undersöka relationen mellan brister i EF och lärarskattade ADHD-symtom hos förskolebarn i en icke-klinisk urvalsgrupp med en heterogen socioekonomisk bakgrund. Studien undersökte också könsskillnader i ADHD-symtom. Test av inhibition, arbetsminne och kognitiv flexibilitet analyserades för att undersöka i vilken utsträckning dessa kunde förklara ADHD-symtom. Resultaten visade att det fanns en tydlig koppling mellan brister i EF och ADHD-symtom. Brister i inhibition var av störst betydelse för att förklara variation i ADHD-symtom i denna ålder. Relationen mellan EF och ADHD-symtom var tydligare vad gäller symtom på ouppmärksamhet jämfört med symtom på hyperaktivitet/impulsivitet. Vidare uppvisade pojkarna i högre grad ADHD-symtom jämfört med flickorna. Sammantaget bidrar dessa resultat med en ökad kunskap om vilka specifika brister i EF som kan kopplas till ADHD-symtom i tidig ålder. Merparten av resultaten är i linje med tidigare forskning medan det faktum att brister i EF i högre grad förklarade symtom på ouppmärksamhet skiljer sig från denna. Resultaten från denna studie talar även för att kognitiv flexibilitet som tidigare inte undersökts så mycket bör inkluderas i liknande studier framöver. 

  • Faber, Hugo
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Så länge man vill ha ljus hela tiden": En studie av hur avskaffandet av effektskatten på kärnkraft legitimerades2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare har kärnkraftspolitiken i Sverige legitimerats genom att kärnkraften framställts som det enda energislaget som både är koldioxidneutralt och effektivt nog att förse den svenska industrin med el till konkurrenskraftiga priser. Eftersom kärnkraften under de senaste åren utsatts för allt hårdare konkurrens från effektiv och koldioxidsnål förnybar energi finns det goda skäl att förvänta sig att den senaste förändringen av svensk kärnkraftspolitik - beslutet att avskaffa effektskatten - legitimerats genom nya sätt att skapa mening kring kärnkraften och kärnkraftspolitiken. I den här studien undersöks därför hur beslutet att avskaffa effektskatten legitimerades inom den energipolitiska policyeliten och hur det skiljer sig från tidigare sätt att legitimera kärnkraftspolitiska beslut. 12 semi-strukturerade intervjuer och ett textmaterial bestående av 13 remissvar, en statlig utredning och en politisk överenskommelse har analyserats med hjälp av Carol Bacchis ”Whats the problem represented to be?”-metod samt ett poststrukturalistiskt metodologiskt och teoretiskt ramverk.

    Studien visar i likhet med forskning från andra länder där kärnkraft utsatts för hård konkurrens från förnybar energi att ett nytt sätt att framställa kärnkraften, där den framställs som nödvändig för elsystemets tekniska funktionssätt på grund av dess förmåga att leverera effekt, blivit det mest centrala sättet att legitimera kärnkraftspolitiken inom policyeliten i anslutning till avskaffandet av effektskatten. Studien visar även att ett nytt sätt att legitimera kärnkraftspolitik med hänvisning till att undvika snedvridande ingrepp i elmarknaden återkommer inom policyeliten, men att det finns olika bilder av vad som utgör ett snedvridande ingrepp. Framställningen av kärnkraften som koldioxidneutral framstår som mindre central än tidigare.

  • Sundstedt, Rikard
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Noterade bolags informationsgivning under pågående processer: insiderinformation och möjligheten att skjuta upp offentliggörandet därav2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave