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  • Eriksson, Lars Douglas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Kris, alienation och autenticitet i Lev Sestovs filosofi2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study of Lev Shestov, the biographical method is used to explain his philosophy. The grave crisis or nervous breakdown Shestov went through caused a total transformation of his - convictions and values. It was probably this drama that led to his repudiation of the common life and traditional philosophy with its emphasis on reason, knowledge, and ethics in favour of an extreme individualism and religious transcendence.

    The aim of the dissertation is to examine, amongst the great number of philosophers and writers Shestov analysed, mainly those in his view “marginal thinkers”, who were of the greatest interest to him – Fyodor Dostoevsky, Lev Tolstoy, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Luther, and Søren Kierkegaard. On the basis of this analysis the character of Shestov’s philosophy is defined.

    According to Shestov, like his own crisis, the crises that these thinkers experienced occasioned a total transformation of their convictions and values. Šestov does not let his life find complete expression in his philosophy. Instead he projects his crisis into the five thinkers’ crises and philosophy.

    To characterize the previous and new modes of thinking, the concepts of alienation (degeneration, degradation, depravity) and authenticity (deliverance from alienation) are used. Shestov’s judgment of the consistency of the five thinkers’ new attitudes is presented, i.e. deliverance from the common life with its emphasis on rational eternal truths and moralism. Authentic life is in Shestov’s opinion the from the individual’s everyday life concealed experience of despair in extreme situations. This constitutes a grave crisis that leads to the repudiation of all hitherto held convictions and cherished hopes.

    The contrast between the Russian philosopher’s personal, (after his crisis) mainly tranquil, harmonious life and his philosophy is glaring.

    Analyzing the five thinkers, Shestov finds that they did not persevere with their new convictions, instead they complied with the by everybody accepted and everywhere valid truths. Shestov’s “theoretical”, uncompromising and consistent stance on one side and the lack of these characteristics with the aforementioned thinkers on the other side, to a great extent places Shestov in another category than these.

    In Shestov’s view freedom is in the region of tragedy, which nobody enters on his own will and in the incomprehensible trust in a capricious, “inhuman” God. According to Shestov, only the philosopher, who derives his thinking from a situation, where he experiences extreme despair and hopelessness, can claim to be a true philosopher.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-23 10:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Si, Wei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Empirical Essays in Labor and Development Economics2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of three self-contained empirical essays in labor and development economics.

    Diverse Expertise, Peer Effects, and Research Productivity: Does diversity in idea space matter? We empirically explore whether the cognitive distance between collaborators affects peer effects and productivity in creating knowledge. We measure the cognitive distance between two researchers based on their publication distributions and citation relations across academic journals in which they have publications. Using individual-level panel data from the Web of Science databases of academic papers published from 1980 to 2013, we estimate the changes in productivity of the coauthors of active and eminent life scientists who passed away unexpectedly and prematurely to examine whether the impacts on coauthors differ with the cognitive distance. The results show that cognitively close coauthors are more likely to experience a lasting decrease in research productivity for both quantity and quality measures, while cognitively distant coauthors are affected mainly in output quantity. The findings suggest that both knowledge spillovers and skill complementarity play a role in collaborations. The loss of an irreplaceable source of ideas seems to have a more adverse impact on a scientist's productivity than the potentially imperfect skill substitution that follows such a loss.

    Public Health Insurance and the Labor Market: Evidence from China's Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance provides empirical evidence on labor market effects of public health insurance, using evidence from a national public health insurance program in China, the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI), which targeted residents in urban areas, who were not insured by the pre-existing employment-based health insurance. I find that the URBMI did not have a significant average causal effect on employment for the sample as a whole. However, URBMI increased self-employment among workers who used to be employees in the formal sector, indicating a reduction in job lock.  After the program was implemented, employment in the informal sector among women and the lower-educated increased, while labor supply among people with more schooling decreased. The results are consistent with evidence of the labor market impacts of public health insurance on reducing job lock, increasing informality, and affecting labor supply for different sub-populations.

    Higher Education and Women's Empowerment: Evidence from China's Higher Education Expansion studies the impact of higher education on women’s empowerment, taking advantage of China’s higher education expansion in the late 1990s. Higher education may potentially foster women’s empowerment by reducing gender stereotyping and promoting women in the labor market. I estimate the impacts on educational attainment, attitudes on gender norms, labor market outcomes, and marital matching. The empirical results show that the reform has significantly increased higher educational attainment for women. However, it did not change traditional gender norms and marital matching patterns concerning labor market outcomes. The results may be attributed to the fact that there was no improvement of women’s disadvantaged status in the labor market and households after the expansion. The findings suggest that it is critical to promote gender equality in the labor market and help women to overcome the dilemma between career and family to foster female empowerment.

  • Bay, Charlotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Catasús, Bino
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School. Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
    Johed, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Situating financial literacy2014In: Critical Perspectives on Accounting, ISSN 1045-2354, E-ISSN 1095-9955, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 36-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper comments on the conceptualisation of financial literacy by investigating how it is defined, problematised, and operationalised as a part of the efforts to overcome its perceived impediments. The backdrop of this study is the idea that the financial literacy movement goes hand in hand with the financialisation of society. By reporting from a study of financial literacy practices, the aim is to disentangle the notion of financial literacy from the assumption that it is a singular capability that, when gained, will automatically affect people's financial practices. The paper draws on a recent development in literacy research, New Literacy Studies, and on its division into autonomous and ideological definitions of literacy. The empirical illustrations originate from the efforts made to decrease financial illiteracy among Swedish adolescents and the demand for financial literacy in audit committees. Contrary to earlier studies, this paper demonstrates that financial literacy does not merely refer to a character trait that researchers may find lacking among the marginalised actors in society. Financial literacy cannot merely be viewed as the ability to read and write in the language of finance and accounting. Instead, financial literacy is a concept that needs to be situated and studied in practice because the characteristics that constitute financial literacy, or those that apply to it, vary with time and place.

  • Bay, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Makeover Accounting: Investigating the meaning-making practices of financial accounts2018In: Accounting, Organizations and Society, ISSN 0361-3682, E-ISSN 1873-6289, Vol. 64, p. 44-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The constitutive ability of accounting to produce effects, influencing people's minds and behaviour, has been widely acknowledged in accounting literature. This paper argues, however, that in order for accounting to have an impact on people, its figures needs to be interpretable to its intended users. But what happens in situations where people are considered as inhibited in reading and interpreting financial information? This paper investigates how financial accounts are presented to individuals believed to be impaired in their ability to make sense of its figures. It does so by moving the empirical focus beyond the borders of the professional organisation and into the private sphere of everyday life, examining how a televised financial makeover show literally re-presents financial information in order to turn its participants into financially responsible citizens. The paper's empirical findings give reasons for problematising the conditions under which accounting is able to affect people, concluding that, without taking people's ability to interpret financial accounts into consideration, the possibilities of the accounts having an impact on their users risk falling short.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-18 10:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Eriksson, Helen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Studies on Parental Leave and Co-residence using Swedish Register Data2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the two primary life-course events that create and accelerate gender inequality within the couple -- the transition to parenthood and parental separation -- may ameliorate their far-reaching consequences over the life-course in multiple domains of life. This thesis includes four studies on various aspects of these life-course events. The first two studies investigate division of child care at the transition to parenthood. A gender equal transition to parenthood, in which both women and men take leave off work to care for their children, is essential for couples to achieve gender equality in the family as well as in the labor market. Study I investigates the ways in which Swedish couples do such ‘dual-caring’ and shows that the dominant trajectory of dual care is characterized by taking turns as the child’s primary caregiver. Study II investigates how the domain of paid work may hinder or facilitate a gender equal transition to parenthood, focusing on economic considerations and occupational conditions of work. Study III investigates gendered division of care leave taken after couples have returned to paid work. It shows that economic differentials within the couple may shape the onset of long-term division of child care but that short-term economic incentives do not seem to alter the division. Study IV turns to parental separation as the second life-course event in which gender inequality is accelerated. As children have been most likely to live with their mothers when their parents’ union ends, parental separation typically marks the (possible) second life-course event in which unpaid work is shifted towards women. Study IV provides a method for estimating parental separation with register data and therefore making possible studies of outcomes for mothers, fathers and children who live apart.

     

    All studies use administrative register data. These data provide a unique source of couple-level longitudinal information on all parental couples registered in Sweden. The first two studies are made possible by the availability of dated information on parental leave use. The third study accurately traces division of care leave by income composition within the couple. The last study traces parental coresidence from birth to age 15 for a period of almost four decades.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-19 13:00 Auditorium 215, Humanistvillan, Stockholm
    Modin, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Museala och musikaliska föreställningar om historiska musikinstrument: En studie av Musikhistoriska museets verksamhet 1899–19182018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to elucidate the reasons and means to preserve and use historical musical instruments in a museum context more than a century ago. Advocates for historical instruments held ideological positions that were either close to musical perspectives, e.g. aesthetical performances for the living musical life, or emanated from a stance more typical of a museum, including activities to demonstrate cultural evolution or preservation of cultural heritage. This study confirms the dichotomy, but also shows how it is challenged when the goals coincide.

    The plans for a museum of music history started after the Stockholm fair of Arts and Industry of 1897. A historical exhibition of theatre and music included historical instruments on loan from the Danish collector Carl Claudius, who imagined the idea of a museum of music history, which was officially founded in 1899. This thesis studies the museum’s emergence as a national institution until 1918, when the first director and co-founder of the museum Johannes Svanberg died. The thesis also analyses three historical concerts given by Musikhistoriska museet in Stockholm between 1900–1918 that clearly illustrate contemporary perceptions of historical musical instruments and can be seen as intersections between museum objectives and musical life. This study also develops a model for the analysis, covering all relevant aspects of the concerts. The main task has been to identify involved persons and their objectives, as well as their access to and knowledge of the historical instruments collected and used in the historical concerts.

    Three major objectives for the promoting of historical instruments have been identified: preservation (bevarande), education (bildning) and vitalisation (vitalisering). The thesis’ theoretical framework is based on elaborations of these concepts. Three immaterial aspects of what to preserve have been pointed out: sound, handicraft skills and memories of important persons. The sound-saving project can be seen as both preservation of the cultural heritage for later generations, and as an act to vitalise the contemporary musical life. Among the involved persons, several of them were artists of visual arts and their notion of the instruments as objects of artful handicraft is noteworthy. Even though the goal was to accomplish a highly modern museum, and not a curiosa cabinet, some celebrities’ instruments were collected. They were meant to evoke feelings of the country’s glorious past, as well as to capture the interest of a needed broader public. Educational objectives are in this thesis distinguished between 1) formal musical education (utbildning), aiming at musical skills for professional musicians, researchers and instrument makers; and 2) an optional and non-instrumental education (bildning) derived from the German concept of Bildung,

    The many musicians involved in the museum activities point at the aesthetical interest the historical instruments evoked, coinciding with objectives the French pioneers of historical instruments had. Notably many of the Swedish pioneers had experience of the French speaking Europe through studies or work in Paris or Brussels. Aims of vitalisation of musical life were prevalent.

    This thesis demonstrates that the pioneers’ collecting and use of historical instruments at the Musikhistoriska museet were more intentional and multifaceted than is generally understood.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-18 13:00 hörsal 9, hus D, Stockholm
    Lidbeck, Åse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Allianser och Illusioner: Socialdemokratin och konsumtionsbeskattningen2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From 1960 and onwards the Swedish tax system has gradually changed from mostly progressive to mostly proportional and heavily dependent on taxation on consumer goods. This dissertation aims to describe and explain the role of Social Democracy in this process by studying the forming and further development of the omsättningsskatt, later transformed to a proper value added tax mervärdesskatt (VAT), from an historical institutional perspective. Previous research has considered these taxes as mainly financing tools, linked to the building of the well-fare state. While taxes are crucial in the financing of public expenditure, I claim a more complex background to the consumer tax, thereby highlighting a neo-corporative income political setting, hitherto not paid attention to, between a Social Democratic Government and the Trade Union Confederation (LO).

    Empirically the dissertation covers a period from the late 1950:s up to 2006. Drawing on an extensive material, including protocols from the major decision-making bodies within the Social Democratic Party, I demonstrate how Social Democracy, in a constant interplay between the two power centres, Government and LO, has formed a tax structure closely aligned with LO income political goals of closing the gap between blue and white-collar workers. In the formative moment, LO agreed to restrain wages and was rewarded by targeted cuts in income tax, transfer payments and an extensive labour market policy, made possible by the new tax. In the years to come the resulting informal institutional structure was increasingly strained as tactical-strategical considerations tempted the Government to use the tax instruments for vote- and office-seeking purposes. Not without difficulties both parties, however, succeeded in upholding the informal institutional arrangements until 1986 when internal discontent within LO set forces in motion. Social Democratic tax policy, until now considered beneficial for trade union members, was rejected and in conjunction with an ideational paradigmatic shift towards supply-side economics, the institution was pushed towards a critical junction and a new institutional setting.

    The VAT-ties to LO were eventually cut, permitting the Government to align the VAT-policy with an overriding goal of office-seeking through alliance building. From 1991 and onwards a highly political- strategical VAT-policy has thus resulted not only in a differentiated VAT, but also in numerous tax cuts on minor items of symbolic importance to various political parties. The strategy has hollowed the tax revenues but proved successful in forging and upholding temporary political alliances in Parliament.

    The main empirical findings – the presence of a neo-corporatist income policy and the pursuing of a class-based tax policy – departs from earlier research and shed new light on what we call “The Swedish model”. The institutional conclusions are, however, in line with an historical institutional perspective stressing the importance of a formative moment, path dependency, ideas as agents of change and the theory of gradual institutional development, a theory that might benefit from further theorising in the interplay between formal and informal veto points.

  • Kaufhold, Kathrin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Wirdenäs, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Slutrapport: Att mediera information om vårdmöjligheter för nyanlända: Evaluering av SLL:s kommunikation 2015/162018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 2015 och våren 2016 anlände många människor på flykt till Sverige. Runt omkring i landet uppstod då ett behov av att informera dem som kommit om deras förutsättningar, inte minst när det gällde hälso- och sjukvård. Stockholms läns landstings (SLL) reaktion på denna kommunikationsutmaning var bland annat att producera broschyrer och affischer med information för asylsökande.

    I vårt samarbetsprojekt har vi utvärderat informationssatsningen, och vi har sökt materialets informationsvägar, från landstinget till potentiella vårdtagare, via organisationerna och vårdinstitutionerna. Forskningsfrågorna är:

    -          Hur ges informationen, av vilka, till vilka och var?

    -          Vilka möjligheter och hinder har siktats?

    Vår studie är språkvetenskaplig och fokuserar samspel, samtal och kontexter där aktörer använder och tolkar vårdinformation.

    Något som vi ser som ett viktigt resultat från vår studie är att vi kan bidra till att synliggöra ett övergripande dilemma i samhället. Det finns en stor beredskap och en stark vilja att hjälpa och välkomna personer som är nya i Stockholm och Sverige. Det finns också god kunskap om hur man kan göra det. Samtidigt är viljan att upprätthålla och befästa gällande regelverk och system stark. Vi har sett hur dessa riktningar ofta hamnar på kollisonskurs med varandra och hur det verkligen försvårar både för den som vill hjälpa och den som behöver hjälp. SLL, och andra myndigheter och verksamheter, befinner sig tillsammans med den enskilde mitt i detta problem. I utformningen av framtida informationssatsningar kan man ha som mål att minska dilemmats konsekvenser i så stor utsträckning som det är möjligt.

  • Malmberg, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Aftonbladet i kris: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av Aftonbladets hantering av anklagelserna gentemot sin egna medarbetare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med #metoo-kampanjen hösten 2017 anklagades en krönikör på Aftonbladet för att ha våldtagit en kvinnlig medieprofil efter en fest 2006. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur Aftonbladet hanterade anklagelsen gentemot sin medarbetare men också att undersöka på vilket sätt Aftonbladet sökt att reparera sin image. För att undersöka detta har 13 av Aftonbladets publicerade texter om medarbetaren analyserats. En fristående innehållsanalys och en analys där William Benoits teori om image repair använts som teoretiskt ramverk för att identifiera eventuella strategier. 

    Analyserna visar att Aftonbladet ställningstagande gentemot krönikören förändrats över den aktuella perioden och att flera av Benoits image repair strategier återfinns i texterna.

    Aftonbladet ställningstagande går från att skydda sin medarbetare från namnpublicering och att de inte kan hållas ansvariga till att avskeda krönikören och att erkänna sitt tillkortakommande. 

  • Ruzicic, Nikola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Det våras för dårhuset: en narrativanalys av psykisk störning i film2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt en brittisk undersökning bygger allmänhetens uppfattning om individer med psykisk störning främst på den information som förmedlas via film. Syftet med denna studie var därför att undersöka hur fyra identifierade stereotyper inom ämnet psykisk störning framställs i filmerna: Mina, Jag och Irene (2000), Gökboet (1975), Primal Fear (1996) och När lammen tystnar (1991). Med Halls representationsteori som bas utgick studien från Dyers tankar om stereotyper, Goffmans stigmatiseringsteori samt Saids idé om en uppdelning mellan ”vi” och ”de Andra”. Genom att även inkorporera Berrittas syn på psykisk störning i film samt Bordwell och Thompsons filmteoretiska perspektiv kunde ovanstående teorier tydligt kopplas till studiens syfte. För att kunna genomföra undersökningen skapades en analysmodell där Labovs narrativa beståndsdelar operationaliserades via specifika frågor framtagna utifrån Selby och Cowderys ramverk för narrativa analyser. Resultatet visar att de identifierade stereotyperna huvudsakligen formas och framställs genom att dra en skiljelinje mellan normalt och avvikande. Filmtekniska komponenter tillämpas därefter utifrån vilka känslor filmskaparna ämnar framkalla hos åskådaren i relation till respektive identifierade stereotyp.

  • Johansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Kviberg, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    "Den här produkten rekommenderar jag.": en kvantitativ studie i parasocialitet och påverkan på YouTube2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelors essay aims to investigate the interaction and relationships between young, Swedish YouTube viewers and the YouTubers they watch from a parasocial point of view, and further discuss the role of these relationships in influencer marketing on YouTube. Moreover, we examine the general effectiveness of influencer marketing through an audience perspective. What follows below is a mainly quantitative survey study, with a strain of qualitative data. The investigation and the discussion that follows, is largely based on Horton and Wohl’s concept of Parasocial Interaction, alongside Word of Mouth theories including Influencer Marketing. Reflecting over the results, our general conclusion is that Parasocial Interaction seems to occur on YouTube and that YouTubers’ recommendations affect, rather than determine consumer behaviour. Furthermore, PSI does play a role in both our sample group’s general YouTube consumption, and the effectiveness of influencer marketing according to the findings in this study.

  • Jałocha, Beata
    et al.
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Zawadzki, Michał
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School. Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Poland: Swaying Between Functionalism and Humanistic Management2018In: Global Leadership Perspectives: Insights and Analysis / [ed] Simon Western, Eric-Jean Garcia, Sage Publications, 2018, p. 123-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Petersen, Gustaf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Redefining Influencers: Scrutinizing the Term Social Media Influencer from a Public Perspective and Examining its Role in the Modern Media Landscape2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how influencers can be categorised using a self-administered questionnaire. In doing so, the study can contribute to an understanding of the phenomenon that is more extensive than what previous research has attributed. The focus of this paper is on how influencers can be better understood for the benefit of public relations (PR), marketing, and communication. The purpose of this project is to investigate whether the term influencers (short for social media influencers) are defined by scholars in a similar fashion to how the study sample categorises influencers. Thus, the research question of the study is to examine if the study sample finds the term influencer applicable to the five suggested categories that are stated in the survey. The results from this study show that scholars commonly confine the phenomenon of influencers to bloggers, vloggers, and instagrammers. However, the results from the survey indicate that the study sample has a broader perception of the phenomenon. According to the participants, all suggested categories are fitting the term influencer, namely: blogger/vlogger/instagrammer, celebrity, athlete, entrepreneur, politician. Although the latter, politician, is deemed the least fitting category. Thus, the findings in the study show that there is a discrepancy between the public perception of how to define influencers and previous research in the field. This implicates that public relation practitioners need to rethink how they perceive and apply influencer marketing. Using influencers for marketing purposes requires organisations to execute a thorough selection process to ensure a suitable partnership.

  • Ideberg Enlund, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Den offentliga baksmällan: En genusvetenskaplig studie kring Expressens representation av Kikki Danielsson och Plura Jonsson i relation till alkoholbruk  2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alkohol är en stor del av den svenska kulturen på många olika sätt. Utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalytisk metod undersöker denna studie hur artisterna Plura Jonsson och Kikki Danielsson representeras i relation till alkoholbruk i artiklar. Syftet med studien är att kartlägga likheter och skillnader i representationerna och diskutera dem ur ett genusperspektiv, i avseende att öka förståelsen för vilka normer som (re)produceras kring alkoholbruk i media, och på vilka sätt det sker. I undersökningen studeras hur de gestaltas, vilka egenskaper de tillskrivs, vilka likheter och skillnader som förekommer och resultaten tolkas sedan ur ett genusperspektiv. Teorier som studien grundar sig på är representationsteori, genusteori med fokus på genussystemet, teori om femininitet och maskulinitet samt teori om stereotyper. Materialet består av totalt sex onlineartiklar från tidningen Expressens webbsida, artiklarna ingår i nöjesgenren. Metoden som används är Norman Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys, med fokus på kritisk lingvistik och lexikal analys. Utöver det görs en kompletterande semiotisk bildanalys. Resultaten visar att det finns likheter i form av att de båda delvis gestaltas i negativa termer i relation till alkoholbruket. Men att skillnaderna är fler och består av en i högre grad negativ gestaltning av Danielsson än av Jonsson. För henne är det farligt, dåligt, oacceptabelt och för Jonsson är det mer normalt och godtagbart. Slutsatser som dras är att artiklarna genom vokabulär, lexikal stil och bild (re)producerar normer kring Danielssons och Jonssons alkoholbruk vilka präglas av genussystemets idéer om kvinnligt och manligt. Det förekommer till viss del stereotypa drag i vilka egenskaper de tillskrivs med undantag för några få aspekter.

     

  • Rydell, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Isaxon, Emilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Reklam är ju något man är allmänt trött på: En kvalitativ studie om hur influencers följare resonerar kring sponsrade inlägg på Instagram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Influencer marketing, marknadsföringsmetoden som många företag använder sig av i sociala medier och som under de senaste åren blivit en allt mer förekommande metod. Företag låter inflytelserika personer, så kallade influencers, sprida företagets budskap om en produkt eller ett varumärke i ett marknadsföringssyfte i deras sociala kanaler. Denna studie har som syfte att öka förståelsen för vad några utvalda följare av influencers anser om fenomenet influencer och deras sponsrade inlägg på det sociala mediet Instagram. För att uppnå syftet utgår studien från två konkreta frågeställningar; Hur resonerar de intervjuade följarna kring fenomenet influencers, med fokus på Instagram? Hur resonerar de intervjuade följarna kring influencers sponsrade inlägg på Instagram?

    Data från två stycken kvalitativa semistrukturerade fokusgruppsintervjuer har analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analysmetod. De teorier som ingår i studien är baserade på resultatet av det insamlade materialet, tvåstegshypotesen och opinionsledare, vidare utgår studien från funna begrepp i det insamlade materialet, autenticitet, intimitet, influencer marketing och fenomenet reklamtrötthet.

    Denna studies resultat visar att influencer marketing bygger på relationen mellan influencers och deras följare. Relationen skapar en autentisk samhörighet som leder till att följarna accepterar influencers sponsrade inlägg som de har ett tycke för. Autenticitet ses som ett kriterium för att en influencers sponsrade inlägg ska uppfattas som trovärdiga. Enligt studiens resultat har följarna krav på hur influencers bör agera, de ska vara personliga men även agera professionellt som ett varumärke i frågan om kritiken som de får på sociala medier. Resultatet i studien visar en medvetenhet hos följarna kring fenomenet influencer och en intressant aspekt att undersöka vidare skulle vara att genomföra samma undersökning med digital natives resonemang kring influencers och sponsrade inlägg med tanke på att de växt upp i ett samhälle där internet och sociala medier alltid varit en väsentlig del av samhället (Sarkar et al., 2017).

  • Kekkonen, Jennifer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Influencer marketing via youtubers: En kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie om hur tjejer antar att de påverkas av reklam2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Youtube har blivit en stor och populär plattform som används för att se på rörlig bild via internet. Tack vare detta är det idag många företag som väljer att ändra sin marknadsföringsstrategi och marknadsföra sig via influencer marketing, det vill säga när man som företag inleder samarbeten med inflytelserika personer på nätet, influencers. Dessa influencers går att finna på diverse olika sociala medier b.la på Youtube. Youtubers, alltså influencers på Youtube är personer som inspirerar och involverar sina tittarna och följare genom sitt sätt att agera. Denna studie kommer att genom semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med följare av youtubers i en triangulering med en mindre kvantitativ enkätundersökning, att undersöka på vilket sätt tjejer antar att de påverkas av reklam på Youtube jämfört med traditionell reklam. Dessutom utförs även en kvalitativ intervju med en youtuber. Utifrån en tematisk analys på materialet och en koppling till två-stegs hypotesen, WOM och parasociala relationer diskuteras följande frågeställningar: Vad anser tjejer i åldrarna 18-25 om sponsrade inlägg på Youtube jämfört med traditionell reklam? Hur beskriver tjejer i åldrarna 18-25 relationen mellan influencers på Youtube och sig själva? Hur resonerar en youtuber om sponsrade inlägg? Påverkar marknadsföringssättet köpbeteendet hos tjejer i åldrarna 18-25?

    Resultatet av denna studie indikerar att de tjejer som deltagit i studien anser att trovärdighet för reklam skapas genom tillit och intimitet, vilket kan finnas starkare hos youtubers än traditionell reklam. Den slutsats som vidare kan dras av detta är att tjejerna menar på att de påverkas mer av youtubers än traditionell reklam. Detta i och med att det finns en större trovärdighet hos youtubers tack vare den relation och intimitet som skapas med följare. Traditionell reklam är något som i deras ögon är så vardagligt att de inte läggs märke till. 

  • Säll, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Frost (2013) & de banbrytande Disneyprinsessorna: En narrativ analys om genus och identifikation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    The Walt Disney Company (1923) släppte år 2013 filmen Frost (Frozen) som blev den mest inkomstbringande animerade långfilmen Disney någonsin producerat (Time, 2014). Den animerade långfilmen har en stor ung publik i en påverkningsbar ålder och av den anledningen är det väsentligt att studera Frost (2013).  Syftet med studien är att undersöka och tolka berättarstrukturen, karaktärerna med fokus på Disneyprinsessorna, och budskapet i Frost (2013) med målet att få en djupare förståelse för hur filmen gestaltar genus. Med hjälp av Vladimir Propps (1968) syntagmatiska analys av narrativ och teorier inom genus och identifikation ställer jag frågeställningarna; Hur ser berättarstrukturen ut i Frost (2013) och hur kan de två Disneyprinsessornas gestaltning i Frost problematiseras utifrån identifikation och genusteorier? Tidigare studier visar att genus, ras och kulturella stereotyper framkommit i Disneyfilmer (Adessa Browning m.fl, 2003: 19-20) och att media bidrar till kultiveringen av barns värderingar, övertygelser, drömmar och förväntningar som stödjer identitetsskapandet (Swindler, 1986: 311). Tidigare studier har dessutom visat att förskolebarn ser på mer TV än vuxna (Bryant 2001, Mares 1998) och att spädbarn på 10- och 12 månader kan efterlikna beteende som observerats på film (Mumme, 2003). I uppsatsens teoretiska ram behandlas teorier inom narratologi, genus, stereotyper, identifikation och representationer då dessa teorier är relevanta i analysen och diskussionen av mitt empiriska material, Frost (2013). Berättarstrukturen i filmen visade sig stödja precis vad Dion m.fl (1972) diskuterar i sin artikel ”What-is-beautiful-is-good”, att fördomar kring en vacker respektive ful människa och förväntningarna av dem baseras på deras utseende. Skurken var den vackra, charmerande prinsen, Hjälten var prinsessan Anna och den luriga, envisa och fula ”the Duke of Weselton” var harmlös och handlingens triumfkort ”an act of true love” var sann syskonkärlek och inte romantisk kärlek som traditionen konstaterar. Uppsatsens studie påvisade dessutom att Disney bryter en del mot de äldre konventionerna med deras gestaltning av Disneyprinsessorna i Frost (2013). I filmen är prinsessorna banbrytande med deras vilja, mod och intellekt och den passiva prinsessan som setts i ”Snövit”, ”Askungen” och ”Törnrosa” som enbart erhåller ett vackert utseende i längtan efter sin prins syns inte till. Studien konstaterade också att förnuft triumferar över naivitet och präglan av rädslan av att vara sig själv kan räddas av sann syskonkärlek. 

  • Lundin, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Consumo ergo sum: Skildringar av konsumtion i Karin Boyes Astarte och Denise Rudbergs storlek 372018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyzes and compares depictions of consumption in Karin Boye’s Astarte (1931) and Denise Rudberg’s storlek 37 (2002). The theoretical framework consists primarily of Zygmunt Bauman’s thoughts on the consumer society, as well as texts by Max Weber, Walter Benjamin and Giorgio Agamben discussing capitalism’s relationship to religion. In Astarte, religion is a prominent theme, and often used metaphorically in relation to consumption. Consumption is often depicted as replacing religion, in a way that emphasizes a resemblance between them. In storlek 37, consumption is strongly connected to identity, and functions both as a certainty and a must. The differences between the depictions in the two novels reflect the roles of consumption in two different eras: in Astarte, it is a relatively new phenomenon in its modern sense, and in storlek 37 it has become more central to human life, often occuring without reflection and perceived as a matter of course. Astarte sets out a visible critique of consumption, depicting it as an endless desire or an illusion. In storlek 37, consumption is sometimes questioned, but portrayed nevertheless as inevitable.

  • Szatek, Elsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Johansson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Towards a connoisseurship in drama: Dimensioner av tyst kunskap i förhållande till kreativitet i en dramakontext2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi hävdar att dramafältet behöver ett utökat vokabulär för att belysa och beskriva det ämnesspecifika kunnandet inom såväl praktik som forskning. Bristen på vokabulär försvårar såväl summativ bedömning som formativ konstruktiv feedback till våra deltagare. Vi söker efter vokabulär för att beskriva det ämnesspecifika inom drama. Dramaämnet innehåller flera hörnstenar såsom rolltagande, förflyttning i tid och rum och skapande. I detta paper kommer vårt fokus att ligga på det som vi anser är en grundläggande förmåga i ett dramaarbete; nämligen kreativitet. Konsten att tolka ett kreativt kaos är ett praktiskt tyst kunnande hos pedagoger som vi saknar vokabulär för.

    Utifrån Eisner begrepp Connoisseurship utforskar vi i detta paper hur vi kan tala om och synliggöra kvalitéer inom drama. Eisner definierar Connoisseurship som "konsten att uppskatta" vilket i sin tur ligger till grund för att ge konstruktiv kritik eller feedback inom ett specifikt ämnesområde. Connoisseurship är oftast en tyst kunskap som bygger på en gedigen ämneskunskap och erfarenhet. I detta paper vill vi försöka sätta ord på och synliggöra utvecklandet av ett Connoisseurship för drama.

    Eisner menar att konstruktiv kritik är en nyckel till att ge konstruktiv bedömning (2017;3) "Critisism is an art of saying useful things about complex and subtle objects and events so that others less sophisticated, or sophisticated in different ways, can see and understand what they did not see and understand before" (2017;3). Vi behöver lära oss att känna igen kvalitet som kan ligga till grund för en konstruktiv kritik vilket i sin tur kan fungera som konstruktiv bedömning.

    Frågan är dock om det går att hitta ett gemensamt språk för drama? Försvåras verbalisering i drama av att dramafältet är tvärvetenskapligt i den meningen att vi står på flera ben från t.ex. teater, pedagogik, socialt lärande, och psykologi? Hur kan ett Connoisseurship i drama i så fall se ut?

  • Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Szatek, Elsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Helandet i sårbarheten2017In: DRAMA: Nordisk dramapedagogisk tidsskrift, ISSN 0332-5296, no 1, p. 6p. 12-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Persson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Nilsson, Sabina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    "Äkta" reklam du ej kan ignorera: En studie av hur lyssnare upplever sig påverkas av native advertising som reklamformat  i podcasts2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Marketing is undergoing a continuous developing phase, in the same phase as the society is moving forward. Hence, there will always be new marketing formats to analyze and understand. Native advertising is a way of advertising that most media today use and podcasts are one of the media channels that has embraced this. Native advertising aims to lend credibility from editorial content and is also known as editorially disguised advertising.The purpose of this study is to attain a deeper understanding of how listeners to podcasts perceive that they are being influenced by native advertising as an advertising format. A lot of studies have been conducted of how consumers relate and experiencing native advertising in written medias such as newspapers. However, how listeners to podcasts experience this is significantly less explored. This study investigates consumers' perceptions of native advertising in podcast, with “Fredagspodden” as an empirical example as it was the first Swedish podcast to present their advertising in this format. To create a deeper understanding of the matter, a qualitative approach has been chosen, where 10 semi structured interviews have been conducted. The respondents' answers were then analyzed using the theory "Psychological Reactance" as well as advertising as influence and information tool. By the results of the study, it was found that the placement of advertising could be experienced as manipulative when it occurred in the middle of the podcast program, as it was not always clear that it was sponsored content. It was also discovered that the listeners partly perceived the editorial advertisement as entertaining and informative, but at the same time ridiculed which lowered its credibility. Well-targeted and customized advertising that becomes relevant to the listeners, proved vital for a positive response. Thus, the two chosen theories could be used to explain the problematization of the matter.

  • Engel, Hugues
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Pedagogiskt ambassadörsprojekt "Mer skärmtid för lärarna"2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte. Det pedagogiska ambassadörsprojektet ”Mer skärmtid för Romklass lärare” syftade till att främja vidareutvecklingen av lärarnas digitala kompetens vid Romanska och klassiska institutionen. Närmare sagt var syftet att hjälpa lärarna vid Romklass att utveckla den digitala kompetensens olika dimensioner: (1) den didaktiska digitala kompetensen (som gör det möjligt att bedöma när digitala lärresurser kan eller bör användas); (2) den tekniska digitala kompetensen (lärarnas "IT-vana"); (3) den teoretiska digitala kompetensen (det vill säga kunskapen om forskningen om IT och lärande).

    Vad som genomförts. Inom ramen för detta projekt har det anordnats en lunchseminarieserie om användning av digitala lärresurser vid institutionen. För att kunna utveckla den digitala kompetensens olika dimensioner har seminarierna varit både praktiska och teoretiska. En metodportal som presenterar olika undervisningsmetoder baserade på användningen av IKT (med särskilt fokus på omvänt klassrum) är under uppbyggnad.

    Resultat. Seminarieserien har bidragit till att sprida kunskaper om och väcka diskussioner kring användningen av IT-baserade pedagogiska metoder. Användningen av digitala lärresurser har blivit ett ämne som har tagits upp i olika fora vid Romanska och klassiska institutionen, såsom lärarmöten och institutionskonferenser. Ett antal lärare är nu engagerade i olika pedagogiska utvecklingsprojekt med ett IKT-inslag.

    Några lärdomar och råd. Tidigare hade Romanska och klassiska institutionen inga institutionaliserade pedagogiska seminarier för sina samtliga lärare. Detta projekt har visat att det finns ett intresse för att diskutera pedagogiska frågor. Lunchseminarier har varit ett bra forum för detta, då de har möjliggjort att med jämna mellanrum samla lärare trots deras fullspäckade schema.

  • Engel, Hugues
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Att väcka lust och intresse för fonetik med omvänt klassrum2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Fonetik är en delkurs i allmän och fransk fonetik som ingår i kursen Franska I vid Romanska och klassiska institutionen (Stockholms universitet). I många år hade denna delkurs getts i föreläsningsform. 2015 började jag genomföra den med omvänt klassrum (’flipped classroom’). Syftet var att väcka lust och intresse för fonetik hos fler studenter.

    Omvänt klassrum innebär att studenterna börjar med att titta på videoinspelade föreläsningar hemifrån. På delkursen Fonetik har studenterna tillgång till videomaterialet på lärplattformen Scalable Learning. Denna plattform gör det möjligt att lägga in frågor (t.ex. flervalsfrågor) i videorna så att studenterna kan testa sina kunskaper medan de tittar på videorna. De måste besvara dessa frågor för att få titta vidare på filmerna. Studenternas svar syntetiseras automatiskt i en lättöverskådlig översikt som hjälper läraren att identifiera aspekter som hen behöver återkomma till under lektionen. Lektionstiden ägnas åt kunskapsfördjupande aktiviteter såsom diskussioner och tillämpningsövningar.

    Analysen av 235 kursutvärderingar från perioden HT2013–VT2017 visar att det nya kursupplägget har mottagits väl av studenterna. Efter implementeringen av omvänt klassrum ökade den genomsnittliga andelen studenter som tycker att kursen har varit stimulerande och intresseväckande i hög eller ganska hög grad från 73 % till 89 %, vilket motsvarar en ökning på 22 % (16 procentenheter). Andelen studenter som tycker att lektionerna har haft utrymme för givande studentaktivitet i hög eller ganska hög grad ökade med 35 %.

    Implementeringen av omvänt klassrum på delkursen Fonetik har alltså haft en positiv effekt på studenternas intresse för ämnet. Detta beror förmodligen till stor del på att lärandet blivit mer effektivt och stimulerande. Efter denna positiva erfarenhet har jag börjat använda omvänt klassrum i mina andra kurser.

  • Zawadzki, Michał
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Dignity in the Workplace. The Perspective of Humanistic Management2018In: Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe, ISSN 2450-7814, E-ISSN 2450-8829, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 171-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this article is to fll the gap in the Polish discourse on management about the concept of dignity in the workplace. The text presents the issue from the perspective of humanistic management. The article analyzes contemporary discussion about dignity in the workplace conducted in the Western discourse on management.

    Methodology: The reflections stem from a critical analysis of popular concepts of dignity in the workplace in the management discourse. The author also uses the existing results of empirical research. The analysis uses management literature on dignity, which is the basis for systematizing available concepts.

    Findings: The literature analysis enables systematization of various concepts of dignity in the workplace and identifcation of specifc levels in the quality of employee treatment in an organization. Hence, the author identifes a few key factors that affect employees’ dignity in the workplace both positively and negatively and indicates mechanisms that allow for the humanization of work processes.

    Research limitations: The theoretical reflections should be verifed by empirical research in organizations. However, the area of research on dignity in the workplace is not problematized enough, potential problems still require in-depth theoretical research.

    Practical implications: The reflection on dignity in the workplace emphasizes the organizational mechanisms that lead to the humanization and dehumanization of work processes. The problematization of the category of dignity should allow researchers to conduct empirical research in organizations and managers to design organizational solutions that protect the well-being of their employees which, in consequence, may have a positive impact on the organization’s development.

    Originality: The article discusses the concepts of dignity in the workplace which are absent in the Polish discourse of management and indicates directions of further research in the feld.

  • Klamberg, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    The Gatekeeper of the ICC: Prosecutorial Strategies for Selecting Situations and Cases at the International Criminal Court2017In: Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 48, no 5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has a unique role in the proceedings before the Court. It is the organ primarily tasked with choosing among the numerous situations and cases under the Court’s jurisdiction. The legal criteria for situation and case selection, provided in the Rome Statute and related regulations, are relatively open as to allow the Prosecutor a considerable degree of discretion. In order to guide this discretion, the Office of the Prosecutor has developed certain policies and strategies. Prosecutorial policy and strategy stands, almost by definition, at a crossroads between law and politics. This Article identifies strategic choices of the OTP in situation and case selection and analyzes them in relation to the ICC’s objectives. There are tensions between the need for predictability and legal certainty on the one hand and for pragmatism and case-by-case flexibility on the other hand. The Article finds that the OTP is downplaying its own discretion by emphasizing the legalistic and apolitical character of its decision-making and bringing the objectives of ending impunity, preventing crimes, and providing redress to victims to the fore. The objectives of restoring peace and security and of contributing to a historical record have been secondary to the OTP’s strategic choices.

  • Klamberg, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    The Gatekeeper of the ICC: Prosecutorial Strategies for Selecting Situations and Cases at the International Criminal Court2017In: Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 48, no 5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has a unique role in the proceedings before the Court. It is the organ primarily tasked with choosing among the numerous situations and cases under the Court’s jurisdiction. The legal criteria for situation and case selection, provided in the Rome Statute and related regulations, are relatively open as to allow the Prosecutor a considerable degree of discretion. In order to guide this discretion, the Office of the Prosecutor has developed certain policies and strategies. Prosecutorial policy and strategy stands, almost by definition, at a crossroads between law and politics. This Article identifies strategic choices of the OTP in situation and case selection and analyzes them in relation to the ICC’s objectives. There are tensions between the need for predictability and legal certainty on the one hand and for pragmatism and case-by-case flexibility on the other hand. The Article finds that the OTP is downplaying its own discretion by emphasizing the legalistic and apolitical character of its decision-making and bringing the objectives of ending impunity, preventing crimes, and providing redress to victims to the fore. The objectives of restoring peace and security and of contributing to a historical record have been secondary to the OTP’s strategic choices.

  • Fransson, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Karolinska universitetet.
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergström, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    What Can We Say Regarding Shared Parenting Arrangements for Swedish Children?2018In: Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, ISSN 1050-2556, E-ISSN 1540-4811Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Joint physical custody (JPC) refers to children living alternatively and about equally with both parents after a parental separation or divorce. The practice has been debated in relation to child well-being because of the frequent moves imposed on children and the potential stress from living in 2 homes. This study describes the background to the high frequency of Swedish children in JPC and the results from research on Swedish children’s well-being in this living arrangement. Children in JPC report better well-being and mental health than children who live mostly or only with 1 parent. No Swedish studies have found children’s health to be worse in JPC than in sole parental care from child age of 3 years and beyond. The existing literature cannot, however, inform us about the mechanisms behind the findings. The risks of selection effects into living arrangements are plausible. For this purpose, longitudinal studies are warranted.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-15 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Mobarak, Hani
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and analysis of carbohydrates related to bacterial polysaccharides2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The outer surface of bacteria is composed of around 75% carbohydrates, which are vital for the bacteria to survive and communicate with the host biological system. The thesis discusses different properties of carbohydrates that are essential for understanding the bacterial behavior in biological systems. The first three chapters give an overview of carbohydrates.

    The fourth chapter discusses the synthesis of four amide-substituted 3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactopyranosides, namely, methyl α-3,6-dideoxy-3-formamido-, acetamido-, (R)-3-hydroxybutyramido-, and (4-hydroxybutyramido)-D-galactopyranoside. These sugars were found as components of some bacterial O-antigens; the study is a step toward the synthesis of oligosaccharides that contain them. The fifth chapter describes the exchange kinetics of the formyl and acetyl derivatives that were synthesized. Both of them have two conformational states for the amide side-chain. 13C-NMR saturation transfer experiments are utilized for these measurements to reveal more about their properties in solution.

    In chaptr six, NMR and conformational analysis of oligosaccharides related to the O-antigen of Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 bacteria were carried out to obtain more information regarding their 3D structure.

    Chapter seven is focusing on the development of CASPER, a program for rapid assignment of 1H- and 13C-NMR chemical shifts of bacterial lipopolysaccharides, by adding more sugars into its database and testing it for naturally occurring LPS as well as extending the scope for synthetic carbohydrates, which is planned to be developed further in the future.

  • Karlsson, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Svärd, sandaler och skandaler. Antiken på film och i tv2016In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 82, no 1, p. 156-158Article, book review (Refereed)
  • Hedermo, Viktor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kollektiv identitet och bevarandestrategier i Malmberget: En studie om samhällsomvandlingen i Gällivare kommun2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on the town of Malmberget in northern Sweden, this study addresses the relationship between place, identity formation and social transformation among mining communities. Due to an expanding mining area, the town is being gradually demolished and remaining inhabitants will eventually have to be relocated. Concurrently, urban expansion plans are underway in the neighboring town of Gällivare. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how collective forms of identity are constructed in relation to Malmberget as place. What are the main values underlying such collective identity and are they being taken into considerations in the expansion plans? The study also examines if and how any attempts to preservation have been made in response to the demolition and redevelopment.

    The study is primarily based on interviews with inhabitants of Malmberget. It also draws on qualitative content analysis of documents on the expansions plans. As the study focuses on notions of place and collective identity, in its theoretical framework Lefebvre’s spatial triad is combined with a phenomenological approach of place and Jenkins’ conceptualisation of collective identity.  

    The findings suggest that there exists a collective ‘Malmberget identity’ consisting of certain values connected to place relations and community history. Some aspects of these values have implicitly been taken into considerations in the expansion plans in Gällivare, but far from all of them. The study also shows how interviewees have enacted preservation strategies as a way to cope with the urban transformation and to protect their shared collective identity.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-14 13:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Pateli, Evangelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Essays on International Trade: Theory and Evidence on the Determinants and Implications of Firms' Import Behaviour2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aspires to further contribute to our understanding of both the determinants as well as the implications of intermediate goods trade. Faced with intensifying global competition, firms are increasingly developing their production process and their sourcing strategies beyond national borders in order to take advantage of lower costs, superior quality and technological advances.

    In the first two chapters, I analyse firm-level import decisions in an environment allowing for unintentional exchanges of import-relevant information between firms. I build on the idea that any import-specific knowledge acquired by established importers, in a given region/industry, spills over to prospective importers lowering the costs associated with entry in international markets for intermediates. Chapter 1, using firm-level import data on the universe of Swedish firms, at the product level and by source market for the period 1998-2011, provides evidence for the existence of import spillovers and offers insights into the mechanisms through which they operate. Chapter 2, sets out a theoretical framework formalising import spillovers and their implications for the firm’s import behaviour and for consumer welfare.

    In the third and last chapter of this thesis, I turn to intermediate import dependence with an aim to explain the lack of sensitivity of trade flows to exchange rate movements. I propose a tractable framework and study how real devaluations affect firm-level export decisions and export performance, as well as aggregate exports and welfare in an environment where final goods production uses both domestic and imported intermediates.

  • Sandström, Sonja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Central Asian ice-marginal moraines of the global last glacial maximum: An analysis of topographic features affecting the glaciation pattern in the Tian Shan and Altai mountains2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Glacial runoff from the Tian Shan and Altai Mountains is an important water resource, especially for people living in the arid areas of Central Asia. Measured water volumes from glaciers have decreased, and glacier area have shrunk with 50-90% since the Little Ice Age. Lack of knowledge regarding glaciers in high mountain areas, and the impact from climate change makes this an important field to investigate. This thesis focuses on topographic features and their impact on spatial glaciation patterns; today and during the global last glacial maximum, 19-30 thousand years ago (ka). From selected marginal moraines in the Tian Shan and Altai mountains, with a deglaciation age between 19-30 ka, an analysis was created in ArcMap (GIS, Geographic Information System) with 1 arc second resolution ASTER GDEM2 (Digital Elevation Model) and in Google Earth. An elevation profile, hypsometry and mapping were created for the analysis. The interpretations made from the limited dataset resulted in topographic features affecting the glaciation extension today and percentage of decreasing glacier area since 19-30 ka, to be connected to north/south-facing direction of the drainage area and the elevation. Drainage areas experiencing the highest percentage of glacial shrinkage were southfacing and/or at elevation below 3961 m a.s.l. 

  • Fromholz, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jacobsson, Maritha
    Wahlin, Lottie
    Victim offender mediation in Sweden: an activity falling apart?2018In: Nordic Mediation Research / [ed] Anna Nylund, Kaijus Ervasti, Lin Adrian, Springer , 2018, p. 67-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the government has invested considerable resources to implement victim offender mediation (VOM) for young people (under the age of 21). Despite this, the number of mediations is decreasing. What appears to be a gap between the legislator’s intentions and practical applications raises questions about the reasons for this gap and the premises for mediation in penal matters in Sweden today. Our purpose in this article is to highlight and discuss some circumstances that can explain this decrease and the future of VOM in Sweden. We start by discussing the development of VOM in Sweden and continue by analysing possible reasons for why mediation is declining. The conclusion is that the decrease can be explained by problems related to legal and organisational structures as well as mediation practice. The conclusion is also that if the state and municipalities do not show more interest in VOM and restorative justice, then this activity will probably disappear.

  • Sandberg, Erica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    En apokalypsens besynnerliga influenser: En ikonologisk analys av Yttersta domen av David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar karolinsk- och italiensk barockkonst samt dess historiska och kontextuella förhållanden. Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera David Klöcker Ehrenstrahls monumentalmålning Yttersta domen ur ett ikonologiskt perspektiv. Uppsatsen behandlar komparativ metod, och ställer således Ehrenstrahls målning i komparation med Michelangelos frescomålning Ytterst domen samt Pietro da Cortonas takplafond Providentia Divina. Uppsatsen tillämpar ikonologisk teori med utgångspunkt i Michael Baxandall’s teoribildning och analyserar främst det bibliska motivet Yttersta domen i relation till samhälleliga- och sociala förhållanden under karolinsk tid samt jämför det katolska och lutherska formspråket. 

  • Rasmus, Sjöbeck
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Uti hjertats sannskyldiga tempel: En ikonologisk studie av Sankta Maria Magdalena kyrkas altarskulpturer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen ämnar att genom en ikonologisk analys undersöka altarskulpturgruppen, belägen i S:ta Maria Magdalena kyrka i Stockholm. Det man vet om skulpturgruppen är mycket begränsat. Man vet att gruppen gavs som gåva till kyrkan 1764 av slottsdeputationen vid Stockholms slott. Skulptören är än idag okänd. Syftet är att undersöka skulpturgruppens symboliska relevans i det religiösa klimat som rådde vid tiden då den flyttades till kyrkan. Uppsatsen ämnar koppla symboliken med pietismen – en religiös rörelse som växte fram i Tyskland under 1600- och 1700-talet och spred sig till Sverige under 1700-talet. Analysen kommer att använda sig av en komparativ metod där bl.a den pietistiska ikonografin jämförs med den katolska. Uppsatsens bildmaterial utgörs, förutom skulpturgruppen, huvudsakligen av emblem och andra gravyrer men även målningar och teckningar. Det ikonologiska perspektiv som kommer att användas i uppsatsen kommer ta stöd i Michael Baxandalls bok Patterns of intention.

          Resultatet visar på att skulpturgruppens ikonografi delvis kan kopplas till pietismens bildspråk. Cor ardens – ett brinnande hjärta – som kyrkans högra skulptur håller i sin hand. används flitigt i pietistisk retorik och emblematik. Symboliken blir även relevant när man analyserar den ur den religiösa konflikt som kretsade kring Maria Magdalena församling mellan pietister och lutheranska ortodoxa.

  • Blomberg, Kalle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Financial Fetishism: Neoliberal Power and the Fictitious Sources of the Swedish Economy2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the conditions of neoliberal power through the lens of finance as a specific form of social mediation. Based on the recognition that neoliberal financialisation is mediated by financial forms that are characterised by a high degree of abstraction, the conceptualisation proceeds through an immanent critique aimed at tracing out the social sources behind them. In doing so it seeks to uncover the deep structures that make neoliberal power possible yet which tend to remain misrecognised through the refraction produced by its apparent forms. The highly financialised economy of Sweden serves as the concrete case for examining this social phenomenon. Neoliberal power, it is argued, derives its strength from a deepening fetishism that naturalises the alienated condition of the globalised capital relation, ultimately rooted in the way that money absents its own social source. This absenting gives rise to the false but necessary narcissistic social consciousness upon which the process as a whole relies. The absence of a concept of money’s own absenting in theories of neoliberal power tends to reproduce the detotalizing abstraction that the process itself depends on, with implications for the possibility for transformative change.

  • Nyqvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Produktion av digitala läromedel för elever med blindhet: En problematiserande studie om tillgängliggörande2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to highlight how producers of teaching materials and the department for adapting teaching materials at The National Agency for Special Needs Education and Schools (SPSM) regard the impact of the ongoing digitization of the teaching aids market with focus on access to and accessibility of teaching materials for students with blindness. Another issue is the responsibility for this group of students to participate through accessibility to the same teaching materials as their peers. The results of the study can be of use to SPSM, publishers, local education authorities and schools. The methodology approach is discursive psychology and the method used is qualitative interviews. In total five separate interviews were carried out at five larger publishing companies, and four interviews with, in total, nine informants at SPSM, the department for adapting teaching materials, were performed, whereof three were group interviews. By analyzing what has been said the participants’ descriptions of accessibility to teaching aids are clarified, and so is responsibility and division of responsibility between different actors, and furthermore the consequences for students with blindness.

    The study illuminates changed requirements for support from society and teaching materials producers to satisfy the need of teaching materials for students with blindness reading braille, all due to the digitization of the current area. Demands to meet with new needs for changed work models and for an increased cooperation between actors, and within relevant agencies, are highlighted. In the study appear dilemmas arising between the following factors: expenses for accessibility, size of target group and conditions for different actors at a crossroads of government controlled businesses and commercial actors. The study clarifies the school’s responsibility for equivalence in education, which includes accessibility to teaching materials in use. There is a likelihood of a shift with schools and local educational authorities towards central procurement of digital teaching materials, which calls for client expertise. There is also concern about whether that expertise exists. Further research is needed on the increasing amount of digital teaching materials and its consequences for students with blindness. Interesting questions are, among others, how the pedagogical work is affected and which will be the impact on the student.

  • Pettersson, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "Det som vi behöver, förutom det Glada Budskapet ni förkunnar, är också en bokhandel och ett apotekt": Svenska Missionsförbundets missions- och biståndsarbete 1964-19802017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the ways in which the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden could influence the Swedish Foreign Aid Policy for NGOs, with particular focus on financial support for their missionary activities. Furthermore, it investigates how the church’s involvement in the emerging Foreign Aid Policy work, and its relationship with the government agency NIB/SIDA during the years 1964-1980, influenced the church’s own policy-making. Using Mahoney, Streeck and Thelen’s concept of gradual change and Bourdieu’s theory of habitus this thesis investigates the influence the relationship had on 1) the Aid policy 2) MCCS: s evangelical mission. The results of this thesis indicate that the government agency’s original demand for a Foreign Aid work neutral from religious or political influence changed into a policy embracing missionary organisations.

    The results also indicate a change in the priority of the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden’s mission methods with the church prioritising social work over evangelisation. This study aims in general to deepen the knowledge of the NGOs involved in the Swedish Foreign Aid in order to further the understanding of their influence on the Foreign Aid Policy as well as their methods to remain uninfluenced in return.

  • Qvist, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johannesson, Livia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ett megaprojekt tar form: Den tidiga planeringen av Nya Karolinska Solna2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en delrapport i forskningsprojektet ”Framtidens universitetssjukhus: beslut om Nya Karolinska Solna”, finansierat av Stockholms läns landsting. Rapporten redovisar resultat från en studie av processerna bakom beslutet om att bygga Nya Karolinska Solna och fokuserar därmed på perioden från initiering och inledande planering av NKS-projektet fram till det formella beslutet togs 2008.

  • Gustavsson, Caroline
    Teologiska Högskolan Stockholm, Sverige.
    Unga vuxna, döden och ett förväntat liv2014In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, no 2, p. 35-37Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel av Caroline Gustavsson står unga vuxnas tankar kring döden i fokus. Hur unga vuxna ser på döden synliggör den gräns de ser för livet men tankar kring döden synliggör också vad de betraktar som ett förväntat liv. Efter en kort presentation av sitt avhandlingsarbete ger författaren några exempel på de unga vuxnas tal om döden och hur det går att tolka och förstå deras uttryck som en bild av vår tid där död, sjukdom och smärta betraktas som en långtifrån självklar aspekt av livet.

  • Gustavsson, Caroline
    Teologiska Högskolan Stockholm, Sverige.
    Ett pedagogiskt perspektiv på Svenska kyrkans gudstjänst2016In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, no 2, p. 47-50Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken betydelse har gudstjänstdeltagandet för körsångarna själva i Svenska kyrkans många körer runt om i landet? Hur ser körsångarna på gudstjänsten och möjligheten till utrymme för erfarenheter och livsfrågor? Caroline Gustavsson redogör i denna artikel för resultaten från en intervjuundersökning i fyra församlingar.

  • Gustavsson, Caroline
    Teologiska Högskolan Stockholm, Sverige.
    Dialogen som tankefigur2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Gustavsson, Caroline
    Teologiska Högskolan Stockholm, Sverige.
    Mellan verklighet och vision en diskursanalys av Riktlinjer för Svenska kyrkans konfirmandarbete2016In: Prismet, ISSN 0032-8847, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 201-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Lutheran Church of Sweden, Guidelines for the Confirmation Work serves as a framework for the confirmation process and presents the conditions within which Swedish church congregations can conduct high-quality confirmation work. The latest version of the document was presented in 2008; the previous version was released in 2000 and the version before that was published in the late 1990s. The present article aims to contribute to a perspective on the 2008 edition by exploring the discourses that are reflected in the document. The analysis reveals three dominant Orders of discourse: the target group, the context, and the content. The results raise the question of how guidelines can be expected to balance the expectations and visions from the national church, the dioceses, and the congregations.

  • Wermke, Wieland
    et al.
    Wettergren, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    En profession utan funktion eller en profession i mellanrummet mellan skola och akademi?: En studie om forskarutbildade lärares syn på sin utbildning och vad som hände därefter2017Report (Other academic)
  • Pettersson, Robin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Myndigheters outsourcing av personuppgiftsbehandling i molntjänster: Särskilt om legalitetsprincipen och personlig integritet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the legal means by which the Swedish government authorities can outsource personal data to be processed on digital clouds by private cloud providers as of May 25th, 2018. The objective of the thesis is to identify and examine to which extent legal obstacles and restrictions to such procedures occurs in the personal data protection regulation. Cloud computing is an information technology business model which could provide government au-thorities with higher administrative efficiency and lower administrative costs. The essential charac-teristics of cloud computing require that the cloud providers are entrusted with a portion of control of the IT-environment and data security, depending on the types of clouds and services provided. The thesis analyses particularly two questions. The first question is to which extent the legal require-ment to provide personal data with an appropriate level of security constrains government authori-ties to submit control of the IT-environment to private contractors. The second question targeted in the thesis is whether government authorities can disclose personal data that is subjected to official secrecy to the cloud providers.

  • Lonka, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Profiling through Ultrasound Technoogy, the Right to Privacy and the Right to Data Protection2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The right to private and family life and the right to the protection of personal data are two fundamental rights of the EU. The protection of these rights is addressed in the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the Directive on Privacy and Electronic Communications (ePrivacyDirective) and the upcoming new Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications (draft ePrivacy Regulation). In this thesis these three legal acts are evaluated in light of profiling through ultrasound tracking technology. Their technology neutrality and their functioning as safeguards of the two fundamental rights against the use of profiling through ultrasound tracking technology is tested. The GDPR is found to differentiate between profiling in the context of automatic decision-making and profiling in other contexts.

    The process of profiling is described in general terms. It is shown how tracking technologies in general and ultrasound tracking technology in particular have a central role in the profiling process.It is found that ultrasound tracking technology enables far wider tracking and data collection than the other tracking technologies. Differences and similarities between ultrasound tracking technology and other tracking technologies are described.

    According to the findings, the three legal instruments, the GDPR, the ePrivacy Directive and the draft ePrivacy Regulation, all live up to their aim of technology neutrality on theoretical level, since profiling through ultrasound tracking technology is within the material scope of all of them. An exemption is Article 8(2) of the draft ePrivacy Regulation that, unlike Article 9 of the ePrivacyDirective, does not stretch to cover location tracking through ultrasound technology. However, as will be shown, there are risks related to the practical implementation of these legal frameworks.

  • Bulhan, Ahmed Mohamed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att definiera extremism: En kvalitativ innehålls analys av begreppet våldsbejakande extremism i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    In 2016, the Swedish Government appointed a national coordinator to set up a strategy against violence-making extremism (Regeringskansliet, 2016). When the study aims at studying whether the concept of terrorism is racially and whether terrorism is described with regard to prejudices about people's background or origin, the author makes an analysis of how Government produces and produces violence-violent extremism. The study takes its theoretical basis in Robert Miles (1989) Theory of Reason, and the study uses a qualitative content analysis as method selection. By examining public documents published by the government in the work on violence-violent extremism, analysis concludes that racism occurs in the use of "terrorism" as a result of violence-violent Islamic extremism interconnecting cultural and religious beliefs that do not share the same value base as the Western world. The study's conclusion is that the results of the analysis, supported by previous research, show that the political context takes a position in the various types of violence-fighting extremism.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-04 13:00 sal FP41, hus 1, Stockholm
    Ertan, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Quantum chemical calculations of multidimensional dynamics probed in resonant inelastic X-ray scattering2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is devoted to the theoretical study of the dynamical processes induced by light-matter interactions in molecules and molecular systems. To this end, the multidimensional nuclear dynamics probed in resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) of small molecules, exemplified by H2O (g) and H2S (g), as well as more complex molecular systems, exemplified by NH3 (aq) and kaolinite clay, are modelled. The computational methodology consists of a combination of ab initio quantum chemistry calculations, quantum nuclear wave packet dynamics and in certain cases molecular dynamics modelling. This approach is used to simulate K-edge RIXS spectra and the theoretical results are evaluated against experimental measurements.

    Specifically, the vibrational profile for decay back to the electronic ground state of the H2O molecule displays a vibrational selectivity introduced by the dynamics in the core-excited state. Simulation of the inelastic decay channel to the electronic |1b1-1,4a11> valence-excited state shows that the splitting of the spectral profile arises from the contribution of decay in the OH fragment. The character of the S1s-1 and S2p-1 core-excited states of the H2S molecule has been investigated and distinct similarities and differences with the H2O molecule have been identified. RIXS has also been used as a probe of the hydrogen bonding environment in aqueous ammonia and by detailed analysis of the valence orbitals of NH3 and water, the spectral profiles are explained. Finally, it is shown that vibrations of weakly hydrogen bonding OH are excited in RIXS decay to the electronic ground state in kaolinite. 

  • Public defence: 2018-05-04 10:00 Magnéli Hall, Chemical Practice Laboratory, Stockholm
    Heusser, Stephanie A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Allosteric modulation of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels by general anesthetics2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) are key components of fast synaptic transmission and are targets of neuroactive drugs such as benzodiazepines, alcohol and muscle relaxants. Although early theories of general anesthesia suggested non-specific lipid interaction as the mechanism of anesthetic action, it has now become evident that they too bind to pLGICs. While general anesthetics act as positive allosteric modulators on most anion-conducting pLGICs, they inhibit cation-conducting channels. A detailed structural mechanism of how such opposite allosteric effects emerge has yet to be presented.

    This thesis investigates the structure-function relationship underlying the dynamics of channel activation and explores the mechanisms behind allosteric modulation by general anesthetics. Key model systems include the glutamate-gated chloride channel of C. elegans (GluCl) and the G. violaceus ligand-gated ion channel (GLIC), that show considerable structural homology to mammalian channel but with the added simplicity of homomeric assembly and accessibility to crystallization. Functional assessment is performed through recombinant expression of the channels in Xenopus oocytes, which are then used for two-electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology. These measurements are combined with recent advances in structure determination and computational simulations to propose structural mechanisms behind the functional effects.

    In this thesis I present the exploration and validation of the crystallographic construct GluCl as a model system to explore fundamental questions of mammalian pLGIC function. Further studies contribute to the understanding of the basis of allosteric modulation by identifying responsible binding sites for both potentiation and inhibition by general anesthetics in GLIC and substantiate a structural mechanism for these effects. The studies also offer a link between receptor- and lipid-based theories of anesthesia, and demonstrate successful discovery of new lead compounds with general anesthetic properties using virtual screening. The thesis therefore makes a contribution to the fundamental understanding of allosteric modulation in pLGICs and builds on the basis for rational drug discovery.

  • Public defence: 2018-05-04 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Ye, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Aspirants: How faith is built in emerging occupations2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Anticipating future demands in skills and workforce development has been a longstanding practice and challenge for governments and policy-makers. While such developments are examined closely at the national and regional levels, an even more pressing issue is to advance our understanding of how people who take on jobs in new and emerging fields embark on and persist in their occupational pathways. A striking feature of these occupations is their weakly defined and unstable nature. How do individuals traverse career trajectories with these characteristics? What drives and enables them to take the road less travelled? To address such questions, this research project set off from a distinctive occupational school in Sweden that prepares individuals for emerging occupational roles in digital work. Using an interpretative, longitudinal, and multi-method approach, this study focuses on a group of aspirants who were being trained to become specialists in extracting, analysing, and using digital data for the growth and profit of organisations. These individuals can be viewed as experiencing a double “not-yet” situation, since not only are they at the stage of aspiring to certain work roles, but the occupations to which they aspire are also in a nascent, not yet fully defined stage. This study accompanies them through significant events over the years: from when they are in training, to when they search for jobs, and, finally, when they are in work.

    The monograph contains three empirical sections that are sequenced by the aspirants’ school-to-work pathways. The first section examines the processes of socialisation into the occupational school; the second analyses their efforts to meet the labour market; and the final one investigates the ways in which they persist in their occupational trajectories. Following these stages reveals how a strong school culture, coupled with a strong labour market, facilitates the building of “faith” into weak-form occupational pathways. Through the ceremony of being selected into the educational organisation and performing everyday rituals that engender confidence in their individual and collective futures, the analysis reveals types of “scripts” that are fashioned into the school’s methodology as well as the expectations of future hirers. It becomes apparent that aspirants generally accept these scripts as necessary and adhere to them to navigate the constantly changing demands of the labour market. However, when these interpretive schemes fail to help them cope with their unclear occupational futures, uncertainties of worth, and the unstable normative logics they encounter at work sites, the aspirants are compelled to deliberate and adapt conceptions of what is possible and permissible through individual and collective projections. In all, the empirical findings form the basis for a sociological model that offers a perspective on how to treat temporality, anticipation, and the “not-yets”, particularly in the context of education to work transitions.