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  • Gren, Olga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Gender In Displacement: a phenomenological study of a Syrian refugee experience in Sweden from a gender perspective2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a phenomenological approach, this thesis examines the experience of a Syrian refugee in Sweden from a gender perspective. The thesis examines how being a refugee as well as being labelled as one influences everyday lives of Syrian refugees in Sweden. It further describes how gender influences this experience and if the experience is different for male and female refugees. The research is based on qualitative methods of research and is supported with semi-structured interviews with three Syrian women and four Syrian men living in Sweden. Through the research participants’ narratives, I analyse the changes that appeared in their lives. This is done in order to allow deeper understanding of the phenomenon of a refugee experience of a Syrian refugee relocated to Sweden.

  • Villegas Martínez, Jorge
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Teaching speaking in the English classroom: Teacher practices in Swedish upper secondary schools2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to investigate how teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) work to develop their students’ oral proficiency. The study analyses interviews and pedagogical materials to elucidate how the interviewed teachers regard their students’ oral proficiency, what kind of activities they use for teaching speaking and how they assess oral proficiency. The participants were two licensed English teachers of higher upper secondary education, and different materials that the teachers used were analysed, including a textbook. The teachers regarded their students’ oral proficiency as generally good or very good but noted that significant differences existed in most groups regarding proficiency and that certain students who were less proficient showed an unwillingness to use the target language, which indicates a need of better strategies to involve these students in the learning process. The findings of this study suggest that the interviewed EFL teachers teach speaking according to the communicative approach and that the activities they use more frequently for teaching speaking were discussions, followed by presentations, speeches, role-playing and debates. However, the interviews and the pedagogical materials reflected a lack of focus on the features of spoken language, the importance of which has been proven by findings in corpus linguistics and conversation analysis. These findings indicate a need to raise awareness among teachers about the benefits of focusing on the features of spoken language. Regarding assessment, informal formative assessment in the form of direct observation was the most common form, while formal assessment was used in presentations and examinations in the form of group discussions. The teachers acknowledged some confusion regarding assessment due to the lack of clear guidelines from Skolverket. Moreover, they regarded speaking as being more important than other skills, which indicates the possibility of redefining the value of speaking in the course evaluation.

  • Zhang, Zhiyin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “I never thought about those rules in all my languages”: A comparative study of teaching the English articles in the multilingual classroom from a monolingual or a multilingual approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is conducted to compare the effect of practicing a multilingual approach to a monolingual approach in teaching the English article system for students with multilingual backgrounds. Through a structured experiment in light of sociolinguistic and second language acquisition theories, two different discourses (complexes of signs and practices that organize social existence and social reproduction) structuring different legitimate languages are implemented in each respective approach. In the multilingual approach, all languages in the participants’ language repertoire are legitimized and encouraged, while only Standard English is legitimized in the monolingual approach. Three groups of informants participated in the experiment. Two groups of young informants with low English proficiency, and one group of adult informants with intermediate English proficiency participated in the experiment. The majority of the participants have more than two languages in their language repertoires. The multilingual approach was adopted in one of the young groups and the adult group. The study shows that all informants improved in their use of the English article system, regardless of the different approaches. The informants with lower English proficiency level and with a strongest [-ART] language (language with no articles) improved 40.9% in the multilingual approach, which is almost twice as much as the improvement in the monolingual approach. However, the young informants in both groups tend to be confused about the use of the indefinite article a/an after the exercise. The improvements tend to remain in a longer period of time with the multilingual approach in both the adult group and the young group. In addition, the participants tend to show higher rates of concentration, positive emotional feelings and engagement during and after the multilingual approach. The results suggest that it is beneficial to deploy the multilingual approach, through intentional structuring of the legitimized languages in classroom.

  • Kalev, Jaana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    A Sociophonetic Analysis of the Role of Cultural Identification in L2 English Speech Production2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the relationship between second language (L2) production and study abroad has largely focused on establishing a connection between exchange studies and the success rate of second language acquisition. This Bachelor's thesis investigates L2 production by studying L2 English speakers' attitudes regarding the target language culture in relation to their production of a regionally typical phoneme by formulating the research question “How does cultural identification with the target language environment influence L2 phonetic production in the L1 language community?” in hopes of contributing to sociophonetic studies. This is done by conducting a qualitative study based on the phonetic production of rhoticity and the experiences of nine Swedish former exchange students to the United States. The study draws on existing research that highlights the saliency of rhoticity, as well as provides insight into the importance of identity in language use and into the relevance of motivation and the establishing of social networks for L2 gains during study abroad. To provide a framework for understanding these issues, the Social Network Strength Scale is applied. The results and data analysis suggest that, opposite to expectation, there is no clear relationship between cultural identification and L2 phonetic production for speakers who are no longer immersed into the L2 environment. However, the results establish a possible connection between maintaining a dense social network with native speaker members of the L2 community, as well as of having an awareness and capacity to understand the L2 culture, and a higher percentage of phonetic production of sounds typical for the L2 environment.

  • Brott, Jonathan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Point of Play: Resuscitating Romantic Irony in Metamodern Poetics2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the prospect of Romantic Irony’s potential resurgence in contemporary poetics and discusses its relevance and likeness with metamodernism.

    The internet has by now not only seeped into, but fully permeated, the process of literary production and distribution. The effect of this has been the birth of a new kind of poetic discourse which can broadly be called metamodernism, The New Sincerity or Alt-lit. This movement is characterized by its self-reflexive metacommentary, fragmentary nature and an oscillation between of irony and sincerity. Vermeulen and Akker, among others, have hinted at metamodernism’s relation to Romanticism, but research into the specifics of its tendency towards Romantic Irony is scarce. By viewing the writings of Steve Roggenbuck (a central figure in the new poetic movement), alongside the philosophy of Friedrich Schlegel, I propose a comparative framework for discussion of sincerity, irony and the instrumentalization of contemporary metamodernist writing.

    I demonstrate that Roggenbuck’s writing displays narratological, tropological and thematic tendencies commonly associated with both Romantic Irony and metamodernism. Apart from broader structural comparison, I attempt a comparative analysis between Roggenbuck’s poetry (2010-2015) and Thomas Carlyle’s novel “Sartor Resartus” (1833-1834) in order to provide a visualisation of the rhetorical and narratological strategies of Romantic Irony. I aim to frame Romantic Irony as a sensibility, or mode of discourse - rather than a strict system of thought - which may still be at work today. In extension, the sensibilities of Romantic Irony may shed further light into the philosophical potential of the seemingly incomprehensible and contradictory tendencies of metamodernism. By ironicizing its poetic form, literary ambition and desire for sincerity in a post-postmodern era, Roggenbuck’s poetry celebrates ambiguity and literary failure, ultimately framing irony as a constructive and potentially democratic operation.

  • Amdaouech, Leila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “It is not important whether one speaks British English or American English”: A Questionnaire-Based Study of English Teachers’ Attitudes in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although there have been some studies conducted in Sweden about the language attitudes

    towards different varieties of English, most of these studies have focused on the language

    attitudes found amongst students. There have not, however, been many studies conducted

    that examines teachers’ language attitudes. The focus of the present study is to investigate

    which attitudes are found towards two varieties of English, American English and British

    English, amongst English teachers in Sweden. The study also aims to explore whether the

    teachers’ age and language backgrounds have an impact on the teachers’ attitudes. The

    hypothesis was that older teachers would be more positively inclined towards British

    English while younger teachers would prefer American English. Furthermore, it was also

    hypothesized that teachers who grew up monolingual would prefer British English and

    those who grew up bilingual would favour American English. The data collection method

    that was used in the study was a questionnaire which was distributed online to English

    teachers in Sweden. 115 teachers participated in the study and answered the

    questionnaire, which provided both quantitative and qualitative data. The results of the

    study show that the teachers seem to display equally positive attitudes towards both

    varieties. For example, American English is favoured in terms of being most familiar,

    easiest to understand and easiest to teach. British English, on the other hand, is favoured

    in terms of pleasantness and is in many ways seen as more respected. The findings of the

    study did confirm the hypotheses to a certain degree. The results showed a tendency

    amongst younger teachers and teachers who have grown up bilingual to prefer American

    English. In contrast, the tendency amongst older teachers and teachers who have grown

    up monolingual was to prefer British English. Overall, the results of the study raise the

    question of how these attitudes affect the teachers’ teaching of English.

  • Röde, Silja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    English as a lingua franca in political talk: The use of self-repair and repetition as clarification strategies in political interviews with Jean-Claude Juncker2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the use of two communicative strategies in particular, namely self- repair and repetition, in political interviews with Jean-Claude Juncker where English is used as a lingua franca (ELF). While ELF has received increasing attention throughout the past years, with a variety of researched genres ranging from higher education (e.g. Björkman 2011; Kaur 2011; Mauranen 2006) and business (Bjørge 2010; Firth 1996; Ehrenreich 2009; Pullin Stark 2009) to domestic settings (e.g. Klötzl 2014; Pietikäinen 2014), the genre of political interviews remains largely under-researched – despite it being such a highly international and high-stakes domain. Therefore, the aim of the present research is to include this domain to the list of researched genres, and thereby to gain a better understanding of how a politician uses ELF in his official role. The data comprises four interviews with the president of the EU-commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, with a total interview-time of 35 minutes. The interviews have been transcribed in their entirety for the purpose of the present study, and the data was analysed drawing on conversation analytic approaches. Both self-repair and repetition were frequently identified as clarification strategies in the data and their functions comply to a large extent with previous findings from ELF research (e.g. Kaur 2011; Lichtkoppler 2007; Mauranen 2006). Repetition was found to be used as a strategy to specify utterances and ensure understanding and self-repair to either right the wrongs or raise explicitness. In addition to that, the use of repetition showed some interview-genre related functions as well, such as the use of repetition to influence and interrupt the regular turn-taking structure of interviews. This study shows that the use of ELF is in fact to a certain extent different in political interviews than in other researched genres, and therefore suggests that further studies within this genre would significantly contribute to the field of research into ELF.

  • Xerri, Sabrina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    A piece of cake? High school students' retention of idioms: A comparative study of teaching idioms by means of illustrations and definitions respectively2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating teaching of idioms by means of illustrations and teaching of idioms by means of definitions. The informants of the experiment are learners of English in a Swedish high school. The 58 informants of this experiment were tested on a total of 19 idioms. These idioms were carefully chosen in order to make sure that they would not already be known by the informants. Another key factor while choosing the idioms was the possibility to find appropriate illustrations for these idioms. The chosen illustrations depict either the literal or the metaphorical meaning of the idioms. The informants were administered one pre-test and two post-tests (short- and long-term retention tests) to measure the retention rate. The pre-test was used to check if both groups had similar knowledge of the selected idioms and therefore could be comparable. The results of this experiment show that students taught by the use of illustrations had a better short- and long-term retention rate than students taught only by the use of definitions. In both the short- and long-term retention test, informants taught by the use of illustrations outperformed informants taught through definition by more than 10%. This study therefore indicates that the use of illustrations while teaching should not be neglected by teachers and can be a powerful tool to enhance students’ retention of chosen items such as vocabulary or idioms.

  • Landh, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Coming of Age of a Woman: Proto-feminism and Female Bildung in Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the influence of the proto-feminist ideas of the Enlightenment on Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey, specifically their presence in the coming-of-age journey of the novel’s heroine Catherine Morland. In this thesis, the proto-feminist ideas of the Enlightenment discussed are based on the ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft as presented in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. I focus on Wollstonecraft’s emphasis on the importance of reason for the emancipation of women as well as the role of virtue and modesty, but also on the existence of an ambivalent relationship between sense and sentiment. The aim of the thesis is to show that Catherine Morland’s coming-of-age journey in Northanger Abbey can be understood as a representation of the emancipation of women that Wollstonecraft hopes for, and that the obstacles standing in the way of Catherine’s maturation are parallel to the obstacles which, during the Enlightenment, prevented women from claiming reason for themselves. First, I draw upon Wollstonecraft’s criticism of sentimental fiction and its hampering effect on women’s minds and show that the same idea is present in the narrative of Northanger Abbey, in the shape of gothic fiction. Then, I show how Catherine’s ability to discern between virtuous and immodest behaviour improves drastically as she starts to exercise her reason, in concurrence with Wollstonecraft’s claim that all virtuous thought must stem from reason. I analyse the importance of Catherine’s choice of partner and its relationship to the proto-feminist critique of women’s inability to express ideas contrary to those of a man. Finally, I dissect the proto-feminist ambivalent relationship between sense and sentiment and connect it to the finale of Northanger Abbey. These elements put together all point toward Wollstonecraft and Austen being coextensive, and demonstrate how Austen makes use of Wollstonecraft’s ideas to promote the emergence of female bildung.

  • Stålnacke, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Equality in the Classroom: A Norm Critical Approach to Teaching Democratic Values Using Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Tempest and The Taming of the Shrew2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The curriculum for upper secondary school clearly states that every school is obliged to ensure that teaching centres on and implements democratic values in order to prevent discrimination (Skolverket, 2013). How to do this however, is up to the local school to decide. Norm-critical pedagogy shows that in order to inculcate democratic values in education, the individual teacher must design the teaching material so that it focuses on such values (Bromseth & Darj, 2010). The purpose of this study, and the aim of this essay, is to investigate how democratic values can be implemented in classroom practice using Shakespeare’s The Tempest, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Taming of The Shrew. English classes in the courses English 5 and English 6 were asked to read extracts from each of the plays, and then evaluate the play of choice in terms of the socio-political reality of the late Renaissance portrayed in the extracts, through the prism of today’s democratic values. The pupils were assisted in the task by having close-reading questions to answer, and later a smaller written assessment in form of a blog-entry, in order to help develop their thinking. The results of the study show that the pupils were perfectly able to evaluate and discuss values and practices such as equality, racism or sexism based on their reading. From a norm-pedagogical approach to teaching, it therefore seem that Shakespeare’s The Tempest, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Taming of The Shrew can be utilised as teaching material in order to help foster the development of democratic values, and discussions around the same, into the classroom. 

  • Public defence: 2018-10-11 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Dowaidar, Moataz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Chimeric gene delivery vectors: Design, synthesis, and mechanisms from transcriptomics analysis2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Delivery of nucleic acid is a promising approach for genetic diseases/disorders. However, gene therapy using oligonucleotides (ONs) suffers from low transfection efficacy due to negative charges, weak cellular permeability, and enzymatic degradation. Thus, cell-penetrating peptide (CPP), is a short cationic peptide, is used to improve the cell transfection. In this thesis, new strategies for gene transfection using the CPP vectors in complex with ONs without and with nanoparticles, such as magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs, Fe3O4), and graphene oxide (GO), are investigated. Furthermore, the possible CPP uptake signalling pathways are also discussed.

    A fragment quantitative structure-activity relationship (FQSAR) model is applied to predict new effective peptides for plasmid DNA transfection. The best-predicted peptides were able to transfect plasmids with significant enhancement compared to the other peptides. CPPs (PeptFect220 (denoted PF220), PF221, PF222, PF223, PF224) generated from the FQSAR, and standard PF14 were able to form self-assembled complexes with MNPs and GO. The formed new hybrid vectors improved the cell transfection for plasmid (pGL3), splicing correcting oligonucleotides (SCO), and small interfering RNA (siRNA). These vectors showed high cell biocompatibility and offered high transfection efficiency (> 4-fold for MNPs, 10–25-fold for GO) compared to PF14/SCO complex, which was before reported with a higher efficacy compared to the commercial lipid-based transfection vector Lipofectamine™2000. The high transfection efficiency of the novel complexes (CPP/ON/MNPs and CPP/ON/GO) may be due to their low cytotoxicity, and the synergistic effect of MNPs, GO, and CPPs. In vivo gene delivery using PF14/pDNA/MNPs was also reported. The assembly of CPPs/ON with MNPs or GO is promising and may open new venues for potent and selective gene therapy using external stimuli. The uptake signaling pathways using CPPs vectors, the RNA expression profile for PF14, with and without ON were investigated using RNA sequencing and qPCR analysis. Data showed that the signaling pathways are due to the regulation of autophagy-related genes. Our study revealed that the autophagy regulating proteins are concentration-dependent. Confocal microscopy and transmission electron microscopy have demonstrated the autophagy initiation and colocalization of ON with autophagosomes. Results showed that the cellular uptake of CPP-based transfection activates the autophagy signaling pathway. These findings may open new opportunities to use autophagy modifiers in gene therapy.

  • Buco, Stefani
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The video essay as a persuasive genre: A qualitative genre analysis with a focus on evaluative and persuasive linguistic features2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    So called ‘video essays’ on films and cinema have gained substantial popularity on the video sharing internet site YouTube in the past years. This essay explores this relatively recent type of video production from the perspective of genre analysis in order to investigate whether a pattern of form, content and style can be identified, which would suggest the emergence of a new genre. Previous research has investigated a similar genre, the film review, by identifying its pervasive or obligatory moves or stages (Taboada, 2011; de Jong & Burgers, 2013). However, video essays seem to be a rather subjective form of communication, with a clear persuasive purpose. For this reason, linguistic elements expressing evaluation, assessment, feelings and opinions are analyzed in the following under the umbrella term for evaluative language use, that is Appraisal (White, 2015). Five video essays from different creators were chosen for the present analysis, which is focused on situational, structural, and Appraisal elements. The analysis shows that there indeed are similarities between the video essays, pertaining both to their situational context and structure, and their use of evaluative language. Several overall pervasive moves were found, which suggests that the essays follow a specific structural pattern. The evaluative language indicates an intention of persuading the viewer.

  • Hudberg, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Ministry of Post-Truth: Using George Orwell’s 1984 to Develop English as a Foreign Language Students’ Critical Thinking Skills2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016, “post-truth” was chosen as the word of the year by the Oxford Dictionaries. This is a concept that has come to be associated with a type of political discourse in which objective facts are less important than factual inaccuracies which appeal to emotion to influence people’s attitudes. Due to this recent increase in post-truth politics, critical thinking becomes an important skill to master. Yet, studies have suggested that students often lack the necessary skills for critical thinking. One way of approaching this problem is through the reading of literature. This essay specifically argues that George Orwell’s 1984 provides teachers with an excellent opportunity to develop critical thinking skills among upper secondary English as a foreign language (EFL) students, with the novel as an excellent platform to also promote student reflection on current post-truth politics. In order to work with 1984 to foster critical thinking, this essay utilizes a literature-based, pedagogical model developed by Bobkina and Stefanova that draws inspiration from elements of reader-response theory and critical literacy pedagogy (CLP). To show how 1984 can be used to discuss current post-truth politics, a thematic analysis was performed where central themes and concepts from the novel, such as doublethink, Newspeak and telescreens, were compared to current trends in post-truth politics. The analysis itself was structured around the following themes: the distortion of truth for political gains, the use of language as an instrument of political power and the use of technology to spread misinformation. Following the analysis, a lesson project based on Bobkina and Stefanova’s four-stage model was constructed, focusing on different pre-, while- and post-reading activities aimed at making the students develop their critical thinking skills as well as their awareness of the three themes mentioned above. While this approach is deemed suitable for working with 1984 to discuss post-truth politics, a suggestion for further research would be to use Bobkina and Stefanova’s model together with more contemporary dystopian novels in order to discuss other topics that are more relatable to young adults, e.g. identity issues and social stratification.

  • Stålnacke, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Equality in the Classroom: A Norm Critical Approach to Teaching Democratic Values Using Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Tempest and The Taming of the Shrew2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The curriculum for upper secondary school clearly states that every school is obliged to ensure that teaching centres on and implements democratic values in order to prevent discrimination (Skolverket, 2013). How to do this however, is up to the local school to decide. Norm-critical pedagogy shows that in order to inculcate democratic values in education, the individual teacher must design the teaching material so that it focuses on such values (Bromseth & Darj, 2010). The purpose of this study, and the aim of this essay, is to investigate how democratic values can be implemented in classroom practice using Shakespeare’s The Tempest, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Taming of The Shrew. English classes in the courses English 5 and English 6 were asked to read extracts from each of the plays, and then evaluate the play of choice in terms of the socio-political reality of the late Renaissance portrayed in the extracts, through the prism of today’s democratic values. The pupils were assisted in the task by having close-reading questions to answer, and later a smaller written assessment in form of a blog-entry, in order to help develop their thinking. The results of the study show that the pupils were perfectly able to evaluate and discuss values and practices such as equality, racism or sexism based on their reading. From a normpedagogical approach to teaching, it therefore seem that Shakespeare’s The Tempest, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Taming of The Shrew can be utilised as teaching material in order to help foster the development of democratic values, and discussions around the same, into the classroom.

  • Eklund, Marcus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Verkställighet av säkerhetsåtgärder i skiljeförfaranden: reflektioner kring Sverige som attraktivt skiljeförfarandeland i en internationell kontext2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During an arbitration, a party may need to request the arbitral tribunal to order interim measures

    to secure a meaningful award. However, the parties may face issues relating to enforceability

    and hence the effectiveness of the arbitral tribunal’s interim decision. If the arbitral tribunal is

    seated in Sweden, under the current Swedish Arbitration Act (SAA), a decision on interim

    measures is not enforceable in the form of an order. This raises the issue whether such a decision

    could be made enforceable if issued in the form of an arbitral award.

    The SAA is currently undergoing a revision with the aim to increase the attractiveness of

    Swedish arbitration, for both Swedish and foreign parties. The Government Commission

    (Commission) proposed in its report in 2015 that an express legislative provision be introduced

    specifically empowering an arbitral tribunal to order an interim measure in the form of an order

    or an award. This would be consistent with relevant Arbitral Rules. A decision in form of an

    award would potentially be enforceable. The Government decided not to follow the

    Commission’s proposal in the proposed legislation referred to the Law Council on Legislation.

    The Commission implied that interim measures may be enforceable in Sweden, if made in the

    form of an award.

    Through the use of a legal dogmatic and legal analytical method this thesis concludes that there

    is an uncertainty as to whether interim measures, in the form of an award, can be enforced in

    Sweden. Parties can probably give the arbitral tribunal such authority to grant interim measures

    that are final and binding in character, if this is provided for in their arbitration agreement. For

    example, parties could vest the arbitral tribunal with such power by referring to arbitration rules

    that provide for such interim relief, as is provided in SCC and ICC Arbitral Rules. It is also

    concluded that the enforceability depends on whether the award was rendered by a tribunal

    sitting in/outside of Sweden. The Swedish Supreme Court has stated that “award” within the

    meaning of the New York Convention (NYC) should, as a rule, be construed according to the

    law of the seat of the arbitration. This may allow for enforcement of interim measures in the

    form of an award. However, due to the general, but not conclusive, view that the NYC does not

    apply to interim measures, no certain conclusions can be made.

    Furthermore, it is argued, because of this ambiguity, that Sweden fails to offer parties and

    arbitrators a modern and effective arbitral regime, which may hamper Sweden’s ambitions in

    attracting foreign parties to arbitrate in Sweden. Therefore, Sweden should introduce a

    possibility for the arbitral tribunal to grant enforceable interim measures.

  • Public defence: 2018-10-10 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Henriksson, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Structural and functional studies of a novel Botulinum neurotoxin and of MTH12018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray crystallography visualizes the three dimensional molecular structures of proteins at atomic resolution. Seeing the molecular structure of a biomedically interesting protein enables a higher understanding of its function. The process of producing pure protein from genetic material to generate crystals and determine the molecular structure can be a long and challenging process. My thesis involves structural and functional studies of two different proteins, which are both biomedically interesting and important to learn about. X-ray crystallography is the method which has been used to determine the majority of the protein structures that we know of today and is also the method used in the results presented in my thesis. 

    Today there are no cancer therapies defeating all types of cancers and they do not come without side effects. Battling cancer diseases often include long and painful treatments. Finding an anti-cancer drug targeting phenotypes characteristic of cancer cells is a compelling thought. MutT homolog-1 (MTH1) is an enzyme present in all proliferating cells. The enzyme seems to be crucial for cancer cell survival but not for the viability of normal cells. MTH1 cleans out oxidized and thereby damaged nucleotides from the free nucleotide pool and stops them from being used in DNA synthesis. This process is very important in fast proliferating cancer cells. The hypothesis is to inhibit MTH1 and thereby allow a limitless amount of DNA damage in the cancer cells. This action will eventually kill cancer cells while not affecting normal cells. The molecular structure of MTH1 with (PDB ID: 3ZR0) and without a product bound (PDB ID: 3ZR1) was determined and is presented in my thesis. These two structures aided in the synthesis of inhibitors. 

    Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most potent toxins known. As little as one gram of pure toxin could potentially kill one million people. Due to its potency BoNT is a potential  bioterrorism threat. The toxin is also a very potent drug used clinically to relieve the symptoms of an array of neuromuscular disorders. Most people know this neurotoxin by one of its commercial names: Botox™. Additionally BoNTs are the cause of botulism. BoNTs are neuro-specific enzymes that target neuromuscular signaling, inducing flaccid paralysis and potentially death. It is of importance to learn more about these toxins to enable the development of new countermeasures, vaccines or more efficient neuroparalytic drugs. BoNTs consist of three domains with different functions, all crucial for intoxication. The toxins are fragile and can easily be destroyed by harsh surroundings if not protected by non-toxic non-hemagglutinin (NTNH) proteins. The complex of some BoNT serotypes and their protective NTNH have proven to be pH-dependent. Parts of the intoxication process are not yet clear and their mechanisms are still puzzling researchers. Until recently seven BoNT serotypes were identified. We have now identified and characterized a novel serotype called BoNT/X. The molecular structure of the active domain is presented here (PDB ID: 6F47). The pH-dependent mechanism forming a complex as seen in other serotypes, is confirmed to be present in BoNT/X as well.

  • Gogberg, Mia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Brankovic, Gordana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barns tillträde och inkludering i lek: En undersökning om barns användande av artefakter i sina försök att få tillträde till och bli inkluderade i lek2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Saad, Rajia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Modersmålet i förskolan: En intervjustudie med pedagoger som beskriver hur de jobbar med språkutveckling på förskolan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka hur fem pedagoger arbetar med barns språkutveckling i relation till hur arbetet med barnens modersmål pågår. Studien har använt en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer av fem pedagoger från fem olika verksamheter. Studien angrips utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Tidigare forskningen belyser hur olika miljöer erbjuder olika möjligheter till handling och att läraren behöver ha kunskaper om barns andraspråk och kulturer. Detta sker genom möten med barn och föräldrar. Denna studie visar att barnens modersmålutveckling sker återkommande i dagliga aktiviteter som att läsa böcker, sjunga sånger och leka lekar. Det framkom att de flesta pedagoger inte vet hur de ska stödja barnens modersmålutveckling trots att de flesta av barnen har ett annat modersmål än svenska. Pedagogerna tycker att det är svårt när man inte kan barnens modersmål, men de engagerar sig genom att visa intresse för och uppmärksamma barnens modersmål på olika sätt.

  • Karlsson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Om man är bra på matte blir man inte förskollärare: En studie om förskollärares inställningar till matematik i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sjöström, Caroline
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Nyrén Du Rietz, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Den (o)synliga musiken: En studie av aktörers (o)synliga musikskapande i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att synliggöra den (o)synliga musiken i förskolans verksamhet. Med den (o)synliga musiken menar vi i denna studie den musik som redan finns i verksamheten, men som i första hand inte uppfattas som ett musikskapande. Med stöd utav Aktör-nätverksteorins metodansats har vi identifierat nätverk och aktörer som tycks ingå i den (o)synliga musiken i förskolan. Arbetet med metodansatsen ihop med fältanteckningar och miljö- och materialinventeringar bidrog till att vi kunde besvara studiens frågeställningar. Det visade sig att musikskapandet uppstod kontinuerligt i verksamheten mellan barn och material som används dagligen i verksamheten. Tillsammans skapade barnen ihop med materialet olika musikskapanden likt spelandet av olika instrument. Det visade sig i studien, hur fenomenet av rytm var avgörande för huruvida vi som observatörer tolkade datan som ett undersökande eller musikskapande. Inom de musikskapande observationerna, visade det sig sedan vara fenomenet av agens som gjorde att nätverken transformerades till musikskapande nätverk.  Rimliga slutsatser vi kan dra utifrån studien är att allt och alla bör ses som potentiella musikskapande aktörer. Detta då musikskapandet uppstod i barnens vardagliga göranden, vilket visar på att musikens faktiska plats, möjligen existerar i större bredd och omfång än vad vi tror. Avslutningsvis lyfter studien hur fenomenet av agens, är avgörande för huruvida ett görande fortgår eller inte.

  • Lehtonen, Hannu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Pavlov Segura, Martina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    "Nu ser jag hela" - När digitala och analoga resurser kompletterar varandra: En observationsstudie av barns meningsskapande med digitala och analoga resurser2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet för denna uppsats är att undersöka barns skapande verksamhet med digitala och analoga medel och hur de användas som komplement till varandra för att erbjuda barn varierade möjligheter för meningsskapande. Vi har använt oss av videoobservationer samt skärminspelningsfunktion i vår undersökning för att närma oss sen djupare förståelse för den kommunikationen som sker mellan barn och olika medel ur ett socialsemiotiskt perspektiv. Detta har gett oss bredare förståelse för barns meningsskapande, samspel, kommunikation och kreativitet. Resultatet i våra analyser visar att barn skapar mening på kreativa sätt oavsett ett materials syfte. Barns interaktion sker ofta via resurser, t.ex. digitala plattor med blick och gester jämfört med verbal kommunikation. För att interaktion ska ske på varierade sätt behövs neutralisering av digitala medel vilket betyder att inarbeta de digitala medlen så att de kan användas på lika villkor. Resultatet av möjligheter för barns meningsskapande med digitala och analoga medel berodde på barns fysiska tillgång till materialen, både digitala och analoga. Därutöver ligger vikten på pedagogers inspiration och introduktion för att kunna erbjuda fler möjligheter för meningsskapande och använda material till sin fulla potential.

  • Eklund Larsen, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Mann, Nadja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Surfplattan som stödresurs för barn med funktionsvariationen autism: En kvalitativ textanalys med utgångspunkt i vetenskapliga artiklar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att belysa hur en surfplatta kan stödja och främja barn med funktionsvariationen autism i sin kommunikativa förmåga och i sitt sociala samspel. Studiens tidigare forskning går igenom kommunikation och surfplattan som stödresurs för barn med autism, denna forskning pekar på att barnen kan få stöd av en surfplatta men att forskningen är bristfällig. Det är en kvalitativ textanalys där empirin bestått utav vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet av denna studie visade att surfplattan är en bra kommunikations stödresurs som har många positiva egenskaper, däribland att den är lätt att individanpassa, lätt att ta med och socialt accepterad. Vidare visade även studien att det sociala samspelet är något som är nödvändigt för att kommunikationen ska utvecklas hos barn med funktionsvariationen autism och att därför surfplattan stödjer både kommunikation och socialt samspel, samtidigt.

  • Åkerberg, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Victoria, Fletcher
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det finns alltid sätt att hjälpa utan att klampa någon på tårna": En kvalitativ studie om personalens förhållningssätt gentemotsjälvbestämmanderätt inom daglig verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how employees working in daily activity centres reflect and talk about autonomy related to individuals with intellectual disabilities and the dilemma that may occur when working with individuals right to autonomy. This study is based on 6 qualitative interview with female employees working in daily activity centres in a medium- sized municipality in Sweden. The interviews were analyzed using meaning interpretation. The main result show that daily activity centres is a difficult arena to work in which attempts to encourage and respect intellectually disabled right to autonomy whilst protecting them from harming themself or be harmed. The result also showed that the employees view on the target group and autonomy has a big impact on how individuals can express their autonomy. Furthermore, the result indicated that employees face restrictions and opportunities in their work to enhance people with intellectual disabilities right to autonomy. The conclusion is that employees working in daily activities and participants att daily activity centres are affected by multiple factors in their work to strengthen individuals with intellectual disabilities right to autonomy. 

  • Public defence: 2018-10-08 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Baumgarten, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Protein production in the E. coli cell envelope2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Proteins fulfil essential functions in every cell and malfunctioning proteins are often the cause of diseases. On the other hand, proteins like antibody fragments or hormones can be used to treat diseases. Proteins are often produced in the bacterium Escherichia coli so that they can be studied to understand their (mal)function or so that they can be used to treat a disease. Unfortunately, producing proteins in the cell envelope of E. coli, like integral membrane proteins, which are important drug targets, and secretory proteins like antibody fragments and hormones, often results in unsatisfactory yields. Therefore, the objectives of this doctoral thesis were to identify bottlenecks that can limit the production of recombinant proteins in the cell envelope of E. coli and to try to overcome these bottlenecks. In the first study, we isolated and characterized the E. coli membrane protein production strain Mt56(DE3). This strain, in which the target gene expression intensity is strongly reduced, outcompetes the standard E. coli membrane protein production strains for most targets tested. In the second and third study we focused on the production of secretory proteins, i.e., proteins that are translocated across the inner membrane into the periplasm of E. coli. First, we investigated the impact of the targeting pathway used to direct a secretory protein to the translocation machinery on the cell physiology and protein production yields. We found that the co-translational targeting of a produced protein saturates the capacity of the translocation machinery resulting in heavily impaired biomass formation and low protein production yields. In contrast, post-translational targeting of a produced protein did not saturate the capacity of the protein translocation machinery resulting in hardly affected biomass formation and high protein production yields. In the third study we investigated how optimizing the production of a co-translationally targeted protein, by harmonizing its production rate with the capacity of the protein translocation machinery, affects the physiology of the cell. We found that, in stark contrast to the non-optimized condition, the optimized production did not affect the composition of the E. coli proteome. This surprising finding indicates that a protein can be produced efficiently in the periplasm of E. coli without compromising the physiology of the cell. In the last study we aimed at developing an outer membrane vesicle-based tuberculosis vaccine. To this end, an E. coli strain was created that produced outer membrane vesicles coated with different tuberculosis antigens. It was shown that a homogenous population of vesicles was produced, which will hopefully facilitate the isolation of these vesicles on an industrial scale.

  • Kudrina, Yaroslava
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    NON-TRADITIONAL TRADE MARKS AND THE ABOLITION OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION: EU Trade Mark Registration Process2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional trade marks, such as words and figures, have for a long time constituted of visual signs. However, due to the evolution of modern technology and changing marketing methods, non-traditional trade marks have been increasing in todays highly competitive market.1 Consequently, the evolution created legal uncertainties in the European Union (EU) since in order to register a trade mark, it had to be represented graphically. This requirement was difficult to achieve for some non-traditional trade marks which were perceived through other sensed than the sight.

    On the 1 October 2017, requirement for graphical representation has been amended in the EU Trade Mark Regulation 2017/10012 by a technical neutral requirement which opens up possibilities for registration of European Union trade marks in a more suitable way, using generally available technology.

    The purpose of this thesis has been to analyse how the abolition of graphical representation and the new wider requirement will affect the registration of non-traditional trade marks in the EU. Signs which have been analysed in the frame of this thesis are: sound, olfactory, three-dimensional, colour, motion, multimedia, holograms, pattern, tactile and taste marks.

    Conclusively, I found that the technical neutral registration requirement has opened up possibilities for trade mark holders to register new types of marks like multimedia marks. Moreover, it has simplified the registration process for already accepted non-traditional trade marks such as hologram, motion and sound marks. However, the reform has hardly affected the registration process of colour, pattern and three-dimensional marks since their biggest challenge with the registration have been the requirement for distinctiveness. Furthermore, it is currently still not possible to register olfactory, tactile and taste marks. Though the new and flexible amendments indicate that those types of marks may be more easily registered in the future.

  • Samuelson, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Den svenska ersättningsmodellen för rättegångskostnader i skattemål i ljuset av rätten till rättvis rättegång2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Access to justice and the right to a fair trial are basic human rights explicitly stipulated in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as well as in the Swedish constitution. The fundamental meaning of these rights is that everyone should have an effective option for bringing their case to a court governed by the rule of law.

    Counsel fees and other process-costs may constitute a significant barrier to entry for an individual bringing his or her case to the court. Consequently, such cost-related barriers may deprive individuals of their right to a fair trial in practice. This fact is recognised in many legislations through legal aid provisions, reimbursement rules or similar mechanisms with the common purpose of eliminating, or at least lowering, the cost-barrier in question for the individual.

    Tax cases are often complex, and the average taxpayer would typically need to obtain legal counsel to vindicate his or her rights in a dispute with the tax authority. The taxpayer’s costs for such vindication may consequently be high. Swedish legislation stipulates that such costs under certain circumstances can be reimbursed by the state. In practice, however, the taxpayer seldom gets reimbursed for the full cost or even the majority of the cost, regardless of the outcome of the case. Even if the taxpayer wins the court case against the tax authority, it is not unusual that the taxpayer gets no reimbursement at all.

    This thesis analyses the Swedish reimbursement model for process-costs in tax cases and how it relates to the right to a fair trial. The question is whether the relevant legislation, and/or the courts’ application of it, risks being in breach of the ECHR’s and/or the Swedish constitution’s stipulated right to a fair trial. This thesis argues that it does; not as a result of the legislation itself, but because of the courts’ application of it.

    The risk of violating the right to a fair trial correlates primarily with two factors. These are what are at stake for the taxpayer (typically the disputed tax amount) and the complexity of the legal issues involved in the case. Trigger points for when the respective factor comes into play from a human rights perspective are analysed and discussed in the thesis. When they do, the absence of real possibilities of reimbursement of process-costs in a given tax case may constitute an unacceptable barrier for the individual to access justice and get a fair trial.

  • Rönngren, Bianca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Influencer marketing: Reklamidentifiering och särskilda intressen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencer marketing has rapidly become a popular marketing method where so-called influencers get compensated to promote businesses on their social media platforms. The idea is that by advertising through an influencer, a company reaches an already positive audience with a high inclination to consume the products or services being advertised. It is common that the influencers themselves design the advertisements, with personal appeal to his or her followers, and in a form that makes the marketing blend among other, non-commercial, content on the social media platform. Consequently, the advertisement may border on hidden marketing.

     

    According to the requirement of advertising identification in the Marketing Act (2008: 486), paragraph 9, all marketing must be designed and presented so that it is clearly identifiable as marketing. However, the requirement is generally held and it has been noted within the judicial system that it is difficult to apply on influencer marketing. It is unclear how advertisements in social media should be designed to fulfil the demands of the law. Some of the legal aspects of influencer marketing are yet to be straightened out. Thus, the purpose of this thesis is to clarify the following: i) how is the requirement constructed and how compatible is it with influencing marketing, ii) whose interests are taken account of and ii) could the requirement be held in a more distinct way to make it easier to abide by?

     

    The thesis concludes that the legal requirements could be clearer and therefore easier to comply with. One suggestion is to insert a more action-directing wording in the advertising identification paragraph in the Marketing Act, which safeguards the principle that marketing may not be presented as non-commercial content. Another is to renounce that principle and instead impose an explicit claim on advertising markings, which does not imply any closer regulation of the content of commercial messages. The thesis ends with a discussion about whether different aspects of the current legal regulation are favourable and non-favourable for the different parties involved, noting that the business sector has the greatest appreciation of the current legal position. 

  • Johansson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Konsekvensbedömning avseende dataskydd: Riskanalys möter rättighetskrav2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The protection of personal data is a question of high priority within the EU. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which replaces the Directive 94/46/EC on data protection and shall be uniformly applied in the whole union from the 25th of May 2018, is a sign of this. Since the direct roots of the data protection rules and principles that are expressed in the GDPR are to be found in the article 8.1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and in the article 16.1 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the legal position of the protection of personal data as a fundamental human right is clear. Although this position is somewhat modified in recital 4 of the preamble, where it is stated that the protection of personal data is not an absolute right and that it must be considered in relation to its function in society and balanced against other fundamental rights, there should be no doubt that the protection of personal data has a high legal status in the EU.

     

    In broad terms, the GDPR could be regarded as an updating of the concept of protection of human rights and freedoms to the realities of the online era. The extent of processing of personal data in the world of today is huge and it continues to grow rapidly. In the GDPR, that processing is regarded as a risk to natural persons’ rights and freedoms. 

     

    However, all processing of personal data does not pose the same level of risk to natural persons’ rights and freedoms. The logic of this point has paved the way for the risk-based approach, which plays an important role in determining the responsibilities of the controller and the processor in each individual data processing. The risk-based approach can be expressed as the higher the risk, the higher the security must be. Or, in other words, security measures must follow risk level.

     

    The subject matter of this essay is the concept of data protection impact assessment (DPIA), which is regulated by Article 35 of the GDPR. At a certain level of risk, the controller is obliged to carry out a DPIA. There are legal demands to be met, but no explicit method is laid down in the Regulation. The Data Protection Authorities (DPA) of England and France have each developed a method to comply with the demands of Article 35. These methods are examined and their effectiveness in reaching that objective are assessed. The DPA:s of Germany have developed a method to technically operationalize data protection legislation. This method is presented and examined and its capacity as a tool to carry out a DPIA is also assessed.

     

    The essay contains two proposals. One in section 2.4 which attempts to clarify the meaning of four commonly used words in data protection terminology. The second proposal is in section 4.1. It compares the legal obligations to be met by data processing that activates the need for a DPIA to the legal obligations of those that do not. The proposal tries to define a work flow which minimizes the extra work if a DPIA has to be carried out.

  • Hedlund, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ungdomstillsyn och ungdomsövervakning: en analys av förslagen presenterade i Ds 2017:25 Nya ungdomspåföljder2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Elias, Berg von Linde
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Medverkansansvarets räckvidd: I gränslandet mellan BrB 23:4 och BrB 23:62018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Petersson, Jöran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Second language students’ achievement in linear expressions and time since immigration2018In: Nordic Research in Mathematics Education / [ed] Eva Norén, Hanna Palmér, Audrey Cooke, Göteborg: Svensk förening för MatematikDidaktisk Forskning - SMDF, 2018, p. 179-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated how 259 grade 9 students solved two test items in algebra involving linear expressions. Some students were early or newly immigrated second language students in Sweden, The findings are based on a categorization of the students’ written responses. The results show that for the more advanced test item on linear expressions and unknowns, early arrived second language students achieved worse than newly arrived and other second language students with statistical significance, while there was a minor achievement difference when solving an elementary linear equation. The interpretation of the results is that the early arrived immigrants suffer from having larger parts of their mathematics education as second language students and thus struggle with advanced mathematics.

  • Bergkvist, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Det Reserverade Bordet: En etnologisk studie av maskuliniteter på en sunkbar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en kandidatuppsats i etnologi som bygger på ett fältarbete bestående av deltagande observationer och åtta intervjuer med stamgäster och personal på en sunkbar i centrala Stockholm. Syftet är att analysera hur olika maskulinitetsformer skapar en manlig stamgästgemenskap och hur detta uttrycks genom sexualitet och klass samt i relation till femininitet. Uppsatsen är teoretiskt inspirerad av framförallt maskulinitetsforskaren Raewyn Connell och kulturgeografen Linda McDowell där betoningen ligger på hegemonisk maskulinitet och förkroppsligandet av maskuliniteter i den specifika miljö som sunkbaren utgör. Stamgästernas olika positioner i klassamhället ger gemenskapen en dynamisk form samtidigt som heterosexualitet är en gemensam nämnare. Dessutom påverkar såväl avsaknad av kvinnor vid stambordet som att yrkeskvinnor intar maktpositioner i rummet hur maskulinitet formas och förhandlas på sunkbaren.

  • Boksjö, Olga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    "Tavla, tavla på väggen där...": En posthumanistisk studie om en whiteboardtavla i förskolan2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien har sin utgångspunkt i ett posthumanistiskt perspektiv – ett perspektiv som försöker få syn på materialiteten och dess roll i pedagogiska praktiker. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur whiteboardtavlan används i förskolan och vilka relationer den tycks producera. Som insamlingsmetod användes deltagande videoobservation, som analysmetod - Aktör-nätverksteori (ANT). Observationerna gjordes på en storbarnsavdelning på en kommunal förskola i nordvästra Stockholm. Utifrån Aktör-nätverksteorin kunde tavlan förstås som en materiell-diskursiv aktör som ihop med andra aktörer ingår i olika nätverk i ett ständigt flöde av kopplingar och översättningar. Men den kan också förstås som en ”effektskapare” bortom de effekterna som den var tänkt att bidra med – och där många överraskande effekter träder fram i den fria leken. Om whiteboardtavlan på samlingen begränsar barnens möjligheter att agera fritt och bidrar till att en maktrelation förskolläraren-barn skapas och upprätthålls, så är det helt andra roller som gäller i den fria leken: tavlan skapar möjligheter till lärande och kreativitet, inbjuder till lek och samarbete och blir en mötesplats för olika barnkonstellationer. Den framgångsrika relationen barn-tavlan skulle dock inte varit möjlig utan andra aktörer i nätverk: pennor, suddborsteen, pennfacket och barnens fingrar/händer. Även kamrat- och mediakulturer i form av Angry Birds träder fram i den fria leken och kan ses som en diskursiv aktör som får allt mer inflytande i förskolans praktiker. Tavlan agens i den fria leken kan förstås som en viktig ”effekt” som inte är särskilt uppmärksammad av pedagogerna. Med whiteboardtavlan som aktör i rummet blir både barn och pedagoger något annorlunda.

  • Ali, Aziza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Det okända Afrika: En läromedelsanalys av grundskolans historieböcker om synen på Afrika och afrikaner2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att ta reda på hur Afrika och afrikanerpresenteras i historieböckernaför grundskolans senare år. Materialetsom användes bestod av 10historieböcker från fyra olika förlag. Metoden som används i denna uppsats är en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med hermeneutiskinriktningvilketinnebär att fokus ligger på förståelsen av budskapeti texterna.Postkolonialismen är den teoretiska utgångspunkten för detta arbete. Resultatet visar att utrymmet för Afrika i läroböckerna är litet och att deförmedlar en etnocentrisk bild. Afrikas förkoloniala historia ges inte stor prioritering. Afrika visarsig vara intressant endast i samband med européernasintåg. Afrikanen i de studerade historieböckerna skildras somanonym, passiv och som objekt.

  • Naranjo Vestin, Anna Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambanden mellan Borderlinesymtom, Känslomässig Dysreglering, Problembeteenden samt Färdigheter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dialektisk beteendeterapi (DBT) har visat sig vara en effektiv behandling vid borderline personlighetssyndrom  (BPS), och färdighetsträning har visat sig vara  en  verksam  komponent,  men  man  vet  fortfarande  lite  om  sambandet mellan borderlinesymtom, känslomässig dysreglering, problembeteenden och färdigheter.  Aktuell  studie  syftar  till  att  undersöka  dessa  samband  med frågeställningar utifrån teoretisk modell.Deltagare och metod: 54 patienter aktuella för DBT vid en vuxenpsykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning deltog i en tvärsnittsstudie där de vid ett tillfälle fyllde i tre självskattningsformulär.Resultat:  Det  förelåg  ett  samband  mellan  känslomässig  dysreglering  och symtom på borderline personlighetssyndrom, samt delvis ett samband mellan dessa två och förekomst av problembeteenden.  Högre nivå av känslomässig dysregelring  predicerade ett lägre  användande av färdigheter. Dock förelåg inte något signifikant samband mellan användande av färdigheter och  nivå av problembeteenden.Konklusion:  Resultatet stödjer delvis den teoretiska modellen, men oklarheter föreligger  gällande  betydelsen  av  användande  av  färdigheter.  Detta  skulle därmed  behöva  studeras  vidare  för  att  fördjupa  förståelse  av  verksamma behandlingskomponenter.

  • Sjöstrand, Ylva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Är läroboken en hjälp i undervisningen om historiebruk?: En studie av vilka förutsättningar läroböcker ger elever att reflektera över identitet och historiebruk2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats analyseras de fyra marknadsledande läroböckerna i historia för årskurs 7‒9 med syftet att undersöka om, och hur, de bidrar till undervisning om historiebruk. Syftet och frågeställningarna utgår dels från kursplanen i historia, framförallt dess lärandemål om historiebruk samt de till det kopplade kunskapskraven, dels från en rapport av Skolinspektionen 2015 som visade på stora brister i undervisingen om historiebruk.I uppsatsen visar jag att läroböckerna i varierande men liten grad tar upp historiebruk. Jag kommer fram till att historiebruk sällan tydliggörs och att det ofta framstår som att elever utan föregående förklaring ska kunna genomföra egna tolkningar av historiebruk.

  • Grzech, Karolina Zofia
    Department of Linguistics School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK.
    Discourse enclitics in Tena Kichwa: a corpus-based account of information structure and epistemic meaning2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • Yiu, Man Ting
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “Are We What We Eat?” Negotiating Identities Through Cuisine and Consumption: A Thing Theory Approach to Alison Wong’s As The Earth Turns Silver2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Culinary narratives are frequently employed to portray migrant identities and societies in Asian diaspora literature This thesis examines cuisine and consumption in Alison Wong’s As The Earth Turns Silver by highlighting the socio-political linkages between material culture and ethnic identity formation of Chinese migrants in New Zealand. Using Brown’s thing theory, food is reframed as site of meaningful discourse to interrogate the role of cuisine and consumption in mediating the migrant experience. It demonstrates the material and cultural importance of food in facilitating ethnic and political identification, transcultural exchange, and independence for frequently oppressed migrant individuals in diaspora literature.  Conversely, food functions as vectors of aggression in racialising the ethnic other by communicating artificial notions of morality, national identity, and purity to reinforce the hegemony. Additionally, culinary objects facilitate how characters articulate their dislocation and fragmentation as hybrid individuals. Finally, I undertake a craft analysis of Wong’s novel by drawing connections between Wong’s hybridity and her narrative design. I use thing theory to demonstrate how characters use culinary objects to negotiate hybridity while the application of transference technique reveals the way material objects are embedded with abstract emotions to communicate writer and character ethnic subjectivity. Findings from the critical analysis are applied to my short story collection Raw. Thing theory provides the theoretical framework for the practical application of transference in my creative thesis, demonstrating its efficacy in improving craft. The creative thesis demonstrates the applicability of theory in creative practice. Finally, it offers an analytical framework for contextualising food as a site of discourse for hybridized identity politics in diaspora literary criticism.

  • Fois, Daniela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Disability Bias and the Misrepresentation of Chronic Illness and Invisible Disability in Contemporary YA Fiction2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the success illness novels have acquired in the last decade, the misrepresentation of chronic illness in the Young Adult genre is still going unnoticed. In an ableist society that still needs to be educated about invisible disabilities, most of the contemporary YA writers insist on finding miraculous solutions and questionable happy endings to their stories. The aim of this thesis is therefore to study the different ways in which YA writers fetishize and understate invisible disability and to find a way to subvert it.

    By focusing on the miracle cure trope and romanticization in the case of Nicola Yoon’s Everything Everything, it attempts to highlight the characteristics of low-quality disability fiction and demonstrate why and how the use of disability biases can affect negatively both disabled and nondisabled young readers. In addition, through the scrutiny of the author’s first YA novel, Nothing Wrong with Snails, it then illustrates how the in-depth analysis of past disability literature improved the author’s personal craft and enabled them to portray chronic illness and invisible disability avoiding stereotypes, biases, and tropes. In conclusion, it argues that writers ought to rely on disability studies in order to reach higher standards in the representation of invisible disability in YA fiction.

  • Grzech, Karolina
    SOAS, University of London, UK.
    The non-evidential meaning of the Tena Kichwa 'direct evidential'2016In: York Papers in Linguistics, E-ISSN 1758-0315, no 3, p. 73-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quechuan languages are known to have a three-way evidential distinction between direct, indirect and reported source of information (cf. Willett 1988; Aikhenvald 2004). The Quechuan enclitic =mi has previously been analysed e.g. as marking direct evidence and certainty (Weber 1986; Floyd 1997), or the 'best possible ground' for making an assertion (Faller 2002). However, neither of the to-date analyses is adequate for describing the meaning of the enclitic =mi in Tena Kichwa, a Quechuan variety spoken in the Ecuadorian Amazon. In this article, I discuss the properties of the Tena Kichwa =mi, and show that in this variety, the marker is best analysed not as an evidential, but as a marker of epistemic primacy.

  • Raeder, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Den riskfyllda kvinnokroppen: Könade normer och styrning genom omvårdnad i ungdomsmottagningars förmedling av hormonella preventivmedel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis sets out to investigate the (re)production of gendered norms through the mediation of hormonal contraceptives to young women. The empirical material of the study consists of interviews conducted with midwifes working in youth clinics around Stockholm, as well as a policy program which is used to coordinate the daily operations of youth clinics on a national level. The study is based on a Foucauldian theoretical framework and employs the concepts bio power, governmentality and gyniatric apparatus to analyse the incentives aimed at young women to promote health through the use of hormonal contraceptives. The study shows that young women are discursively constructed as ”at risk” and that hormonal contraceptives are promoted as a solution for the ”risky”, problematic and uncontrolled female body and subject. Furthermore, the study shows that the promotion of hormonal contraceptives support the discursive ”naturalization” of a binary and heteronormative gender structure as well as the idea that women’s emancipation is achieved through hormonal regulation of the female body.

  • Holmes, Felicity Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    An investigation into the relative importance of different climatic and oceanographic factors for the frontal ablation rate of Kronebreen, Svalbard2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ice-ocean interactions are an important area of glaciological research today, in light of evidence that accelerating levels of global mass loss are being driven by submarine melt and calving, as opposed to surface melt (Khazendar et al., 2016). Mass losses at tidewater glaciers are related to a complex set of processes involving atmospheric circulation, ocean circulation, bathymetry, and glaciological processes. The fact that so many processes are involved, as well as a lack of in situ observational data, has made it hard to distinguish long term directional trends from short term natural variability. However, increasing knowledge about these processes is vital for the creation of better estimates of sea level rise and so has societal implications. This thesis uses observational data collected using LoTUS buoys from close to the calving front of Kronebreen, Svalbard, to investigate ice-ocean interactions in this locality. Frontal ablation rates are determined from the use of high resolution ground range detected Sentinel 1 radar images and then analysed in conjunction with meteorological and oceanographic variables, as well as compared to a physically based submarine melt rate.

  • Sainz, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    The Zambezi River Basin: Water Resources Management: Energy-Food-Water nexus approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy-food-water nexus is of fundamental significance in the goal towards sustainable development. The Zambezi River Basin, situated in southern Africa, currently offers vast water resources for social and economic development for the eight riparian countries that constitute the watershed. Hydropower generation and agriculture are the main water users in the watershed with great potential of expansion, plus urban water supply materialise the largest consumers of this resource. Climate and social changes are pressuring natural resources availability which might show severe alterations due to enhances in the variability of precipitation patterns. This study thus examines the present water resources in the transboundary basin and executes low and high case future climate change incited scenarios in order to estimate the possible availability of water for the period 2060-2099 by performing water balances. Along with projections of water accessibility, approximations on water demands from the main consumer sectors are performed.

    Results show an annual positive balance for both projected scenarios due to an increase in precipitation during the wet season. They also present a severe increase in overall temperature for the region contributing to a strong increase in evapotranspiration. Projections further inform of an acute increase in water demand for irrigation and urban supply, nevertheless, evaporation from hydropower storage reservoirs continues to exceed water with drawals in volume. Acknowledging the uncertainty contained in this report allows a broader offer of recommendations to be considered when planning for future developments with a sustainable approach. Improvement of hydrological collection systems in the Zambezi basin is indispensable to accomplish a deeper and cohesive understanding of the watershed waterresources. Cooperation and knowledge communication between riparian countries seems to be the right beginning towards social and economic sustainable development for the Zambezi River Basin.

  • Lundberg, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Classification and structural connectivity of urban vegetation: A comparative study using different datasets2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban greenspace has an important role in supporting biodiversity and providing structural and functional connectivity between natural habitats. However, the mapping of vegetation in urban areas presents challenges, as urban vegetation is highly fragmented and heterogeneous. This study compared maps with respect to their strengths and weaknesses in providing ecologically relevant information in an urban area with the purpose to find how useful they are for local planning. The study took place in the urban part of Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County, Ireland. The maps analysed were the Urban Atlas 2012 provided by Copernicus, the Prime 2 database provided by the Ordnance Survey Ireland, and two maps that were generated by this project from Sentinel 2 satellite imagery, one which showed vegetation based on calculated NDVI and one with four land cover classes calculated with a supervised classification. These maps were compared from three points of view: correspondence of vegetation classes, structural connectivity, and quality of vegetated areas. Analyses of structural connectivity were based on several landscape metrics, one of them was the degree of coherence (Cm) which reflects how connected the vegetation patches are in the landscape. Definition of quality was based on contextual indicators, such as the proximity to streams and areas with high conservation value, and vegetation present on a historical map from the 1830s. The results showed that the overlap of vegetation between the datasets varies between 27.0-89.1%. The different datasets definitions of vegetation affect how well they correspond in terms of where vegetation can be found. Resolution is also an important factor, as urban vegetation patches tend to be small and thus a coarse minimum mapping unit – as is the case for the Urban Atlas – masks important information on the configuration of vegetated areas in the urban area. The structural connectivity of vegetation differed little between Prime 2 (Cm = 7.95×10-2%) and the Urban Atlas (Cm = 5.87×10-2%). However, the distance between vegetated patches was on average shorter in Prime 2. This suggests that the Prime 2 dataset, because of its higher spatial resolution, contains more information on potential stepping stones for species to move around the landscape. The distribution of vegetated areas with higher contextual quality was mainly close to the boundaries of the urban area. Connectivity in a fragmented landscape like this urban study area plays a crucial role in maintaining populations of flora and fauna. It is therefore important to consider in the management of urban vegetation and in planning for development. This study offers a first insight in the structural connectivity of Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County, which can be used to make more informed decisions that will sustain urban biodiversity.

  • Pascual, Didac
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Soil organic carbon storage, distribution and characteristics in two contrasting permafrostaffected environments: Evaluating the role of alpine and lowland tundra areas in the permafrost carbon feedback2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An important portion of the large northern permafrost soil organic carbon (SOC) pool might be released into the atmosphere as greenhouse gases following permafrost thawing and subsequent SOC decomposition under future warming conditions, resulting in a warming amplification known as the permafrost carbon feedback. Improved knowledge about the amount, composition and distribution of the permafrost SOC pool is essential when assessing the potential magnitude and timing of the permafrost carbon feedback. This study investigates and compares the SOC storage, composition and distribution in two contrasting permafrost environments: a lowland tundra area in NE Siberia (Tiksi study site), and an alpine area in the Russian Altai Mountains (Aktru Valley study site). Soil pedons were sampled down to 1 m depth and analyzed for key soil properties, i.e., DBD, water content, coarse fraction content, %OC, %IC, C/N ratios and δ¹⁵N values. These soil properties are upscaled by vertical subdivisions based on land cover classes. The role of geomorphology in the accumulation and distribution of SOC in the alpine study site is tested by using a landform and a combined land cover-land form upscaling approach. The estimated mean SOC storage in the upper meter of soils in the alpine site is 3.5 ± 0.8 kg C m¯² compared to 21.4 ± 3.2 kg C m¯² in the lowland tundra site (95% confidence intervals). The inclusion of geomorphology in the upscaling in some cases allows identification of SOC hotspots and areas with very low SOC storage within former land cover classes, therefore improving the landscape SOC storage distribution in the area. The much lower SOC stocks in the alpine site of Aktru Valley can be largely explained by the presence of extensive unvegetated areas in high altitudes (60%), the occurrence active layers deeper than the active soil formation, the enhanced SOM decomposition due to coarse grained, well-drained non-frozen soils, and the negligible occurrence of peatlands and buried organics. Instead, the lowland tundra site in NE Siberia presents important amounts of relatively undecomposed SOM in the permafrost layer. Thus, under future climate warming, alpine permafrost environments such as Aktru Valley may become a net C sink due to an upward shift of vegetation zones and an increase in plant productivity and soil development. Contrarily, lowland tundra areas such as Tiksi may become important C sources since the small increase in C uptake by photosynthetic plants will be outweighed by the thawing and subsequent decomposition of the much larger permafrost SOC pool.

  • Hedenborg, Amanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Grundvattenmodellering och föroreningstransport från en rullstensås med artificiell grundvattenbildning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Groundwater is an important natural resource in Sweden due to almost 50 % of the produced drinking water origins from groundwater, 50 % of the groundwater is artificially made. Artificial recharge is necessary in some areas in Sweden to enable enough groundwater extraction for the drinking water supply. Artificial recharge will affect the groundwater levels in the system. The infiltration of water can also affect the spread of pollution in the area. The effect of pollution spreading is due to the change in available oxygen in the system. When infiltrating water, the soil can go from anaerobic- to aerobic conditions, which in turn can cause mobilization of pollutants. This master project was carried out in collaboration with the consultancy company WSP. In this thesis, an esker assessed as suitable for artificial recharge from a hydrogeological point of view, is investigated regarding the contamination spread. Stockholm vatten och avlopp (SVOA) is investigating the possibilities for producing drinking water by artificial recharge in the esker. The area has been identified as a potential hazardous area by the Swedish environmental protection agency and increased levels of zinc, lead and copper have been found in the soil. The aim with this project is to investigate how zinc, lead and copper could spread in the groundwater for the current situation. This project also aims to investigate how the artificial recharge would affect the groundwater levels in the system as well as the effect of the spread of zinc, lead and copper regarding the mass transport, transportation time and the contaminant plume. A hydrogeological model was created in MODFLOW where the effect of infiltration was simulated. Models for groundwater transport as well as mass transport was created in MODPATH respectively in MT3DMS. The hydrogeological model´s Normalized root mean square (nRMS) was 7,4 % and the maximal residual between observed and simulated groundwater levels was 0, 16 meters. Two different scenarios for artificial recharge were investigated, one called pilotförsöket and the other called fullskaleanläggningen. For the pilotförsöket was 100 L/s infiltrated and for fullskaleanläggningen was 280 L/s infiltrated, the amount of extracted groundwater was assumed to be equal as the amount of infiltrated surface water. The simulations were indicating that the groundwater levels could rise up to 7 meters locally around the infiltration area. The groundwater levels closer to the extraction wells could decrease by 4 meters in pilotförsöket and decrease by 10-15 meters in fullskaleanläggningen. The simulations of zinc, copper and lead in the infiltration area, are indicating an increase in maximal concentration as well as an increase for the plume of contaminants as a result of infiltration. The maximal concentrations in the simulations of pilotförsöket were found to be in the following ranges 4x10-5 to 2,8x10-8 mg/L for lead; 8 x10-4 to 2,5x10-6 mg/L for copper and 0,012 to 9x10-4 mg/L for zinc. Fullskaleanläggningen resulted in the highest concentrations of the simulated scenarios. The following ranges were observed in the simulations of fullskaleanläggningen 4,5x10-5 to 4x10-8 mg/L for lead; 0,014 till 2,5x10-6 mg/L for copper, and 0,035 till 3x10-3 mg/L for zinc. The plume of contaminants was observed to increase with an increasing amount of infiltrated water. During the simulation period of 10 years, the simulation implies that zinc, copper and lead mainly will be transported close to the infiltration area. The results for simulations in all scenarios indicate that the plume of contaminant will not reach the extraction wells. These results can be due to longer transportation times than 10 years, as well as that the increase volume of water in the system will dilute the levels of metals. This master project indicates that the artificial recharge in the area will affect the groundwater levels in the system. Due to the change in groundwater levels can also the spread of zinc, copper and lead increase in magnitude and in size. This master project also indicates that zinc, copper and lead would not reach the extraction wells in high levels within a 10 years period. The simulations indicate that the area could be appropriate to use for artificial recharge, when considering zinc, copper and lead. This assessment is only based on the simulations of the mass transport of zinc, copper and lead and with the assumption that the contaminated soil would be excavated if an infiltration area is built. Even though the simulations indicate that the area could be appropriate. Other pollutants that was found, but not simulated, at increased levels could have a different transportation time as well as mass transport from the infiltration area. Regarding the age of the landfill it is likely in the methanogenic phase and leaching of contaminants could already have happened decades ago. With these two aspects in mind, my recommendation is that more investigations are made regarding the spread of other pollutants as well as the level of zinc, lead and copper in the groundwater closer to the extraction wells.

  • Hansen, Siri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    «Med liv og sjӕl»: Konstnärlighet i Cora Sandels noveller från mellankrigstiden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cora Sandel published three collections of short stories during the 1920’s and the 1930’s; En blå sofa og andre noveller (“A blue sofa”, 1927), Carmen og Maja og andre noveller (“Carmen and Maja”, 1932) and Mange takk doktor, noveller (“Many thanks, Doctor”, 1935). However, the studies of Cora Sandel’s work have mostly focused on her three novels about Alberte. This thesis is an attempt to shed light on the short stories from the interwar period, from the perspective of artistry. Cora Sandel started out as a visual artist herself, but, rather unwillingly, abandoned it for writing when painting became harder to combine with being a mother and a wife. This thesis looks at how artistry is portraited in the short stories. Many kinds of artistry are discussed; painting as well as writing, acting, crafts and musicality. What is artistry associated with and what roles does it play? Short stories have been selected from the three collections where artistry plays a significant role. The result is accounted for in four segments, each about an aspect of how artistry is portraited in the short stories; “Incompatible Parenthood”, “Passion”, “Poverty” and “Men, Women and Artistry”.

  • Sumpter, Lovisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Hedefalk, Maria
    Teachers’ Roles in Preschool Children’s Collective Mathematical Reasoning2018In: European Journal of STEM Education, ISSN 2468-4368, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 1-9, article id 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to study teachers’ roles in preschool children’s mathematical reasoning using analysis of epistemological moves. Three moves were identified: instructional moves, confirming move and a new move, concluding move. There were no generative moves encouraging the children to produce different arguments for choice of strategy or conclusion. Both the confirming move and the concluding move functioned as an end of the reasoning and thereby limited the opportunities for the children to learn creative mathematical reasoning. This although that several encounters were created by the preschool teachers, both as formal planned situations and unformal such as free play. 

  • Svärd, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    “Och här är det man finner det man söker.”: En stilistisk analys av fyra miljöskildringar i Selma Lagerlöfs Jerusalem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined four different settings in Selma Lagerlof’s novel Jerusalem, part I and II. The aim of the study was to analyse the narrative perspective in the four selected scenes of the novel, and also to investigate whether the narrator’s tone in any of the passages could be said to express orientalism. The material consisted of four text passages describing the novel’s two main geographical locations (the district of Dalarna and the Holy Land). Literary theories used for the study were narratology and postcolonial theory. The applied method to analyse the passages was to use the selection of semantic and syntactic markers compiled by Staffan Hellberg (1985) for stylistic analysis of the narrator’s perspective in Swedish narrative texts. The results of the study show that the overall narrative perspective in the scenes are non-focalized, and that the most frequently featured stylistic markers consist of words and phrases expressing value. A summery of the most frequently used stylistic markers show that it is possible to divide the narrative tone into four categories, as the “presenting”, “sympathizing”, “demonstrating” and “educating” narrator. The results also indicate that orientalism is evident in the two analysed passages from Jerusalem, part II. 

  • Sellergren, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Eriksson, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Kollegiala samtal om lärande: - möjligheter för lärare att utveckla klassrumspraktiken2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har i denna kvantitativa empiriska studie undersökt fenomenet kollegiala samtal om lärande och i vilka olika mötessammanhang som de kollegiala samtalen pågår. Syftet var att undersöka i vilka mötessammanhang det sker kollegiala samtal om lärande och hur de är organiserade och strukturerade. Hur upplever lärarna de kollegiala samtalen om lärande och anser de att samtalen påverkar deras arbete i klassrummet och utvecklar undervisningen till förmån för alla elever? Genom en enkätundersökning deltog 125 lärare i två kommuner. Vi skickade ut webbenkäter till 293 grundskollärare i årskurs 1-6 och svarsfrekvensen var 42,7 %. Utifrån frågeställningarna har vi analyserat svaren och använt oss av statistisk analys så som Chi2-test och korrelationer. Studiens resultat visar att 95 % av respondenterna deltagit i någon av de större kompetensutvecklingarna (Läslyftet, Bedömning för lärande, Matematiklyftet, Ett språkutvecklande arbetssätt) Möjligheter till gemensamt lärande genom kollegiala samtal har ett positivt samband med hur lärarna uppfattar behållning för den egna klassrumsundervisningen. Strukturen på de kollegiala samtalen har ett samband med respondenternas möjligheter till ett gemensamt lärande för att utveckla undervisningen på skolan. Studien visar också att graden av struktur på samtalen har betydelse för hur stor nytta lärarna har av samtalen för deras lärande och undervisning. Vi kunde se att strukturen var lägre i de samtal där respondenterna uppfattade att samtalen inte var till nytta för deras arbete med elever i behov av stöd. Vi kunde se att strukturen på de kollegiala samtalen var högre för Bedömning för lärande än för övriga mötessammanhang. Vi utgår från tidigare forskning som bland annat beskriver vikten av strukturer, organisation, rektors ledarskap, hur gemensamt lärande kan ske genom stöttning och olika modeller (Leahy & Wiliams, 2009; Levine & Marcus, 2010; Langelotz, 2014; Dysthe, 1996 m.fl.).