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  • Kiefer, Iliane
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    The Curatorial (and Curating) as Radical Democracy. A Single-Case Study of Kuratorisk Aktion as a Counter-Hegemonic Intervention2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the counter-hegemonic formation of Danish-based transnational

    feminist curatorial collective Kuratorisk Aktion in a single-case study. It serves as a

    unique example, presenting how the collective engages to overcome the existing gap

    between curatorial aims and the implementation through curating. Their work and

    approach is shaped highly by their political mindset, aiming to resist tendencies of

    depoliticisation, right-wing populism or neoliberalism with the means of curating.

    Chantal Mouffe’s theory of radical democracy and her deliberations and notions

    concerning agonisms, citizenship, feminism, counter-hegemonic interventions and

    activism through art are used in order to contextualise and discuss the possibilities and

    limitations of the political work by Kuratorisk Aktion. An interview with the collective

    conducted by scholar Angela Dimitrakaki in 2010 as well as their realised curatorial

    projects enhanced the argumentation. The analysis exemplified, that over the years

    Kuratorisk Aktion has developed their personal and exceptional curatorial paradigm,

    which is able to counteract hegemonic structures. This reveals their radical democratic

    potential and aspiration through curating and the curatorial.

  • Peng, Suhao
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Novice Teachers’ Voices on Professional Agency and Professional Identity in Finland and China2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Research in novice teachers has been wide and rich because they are experiencing a special period in their career life after spending their childhood in school and freshly graduating from teacher education. At the workplace, novice teachers might be specially treated because they are the newcomers, but they may want to realize some professional ideals. Research in novice teacher’s professional agency and professional identity needs to be enriched. Professional agency can be understood as initiatives taken at the workplace, and professional identity can be a “self” as a professional. Both professional agency and professional identity are complex when socio-cultural contexts and subjective factors are intertwined. However, they are related and interdependent—professional agency externalizes and negotiates professional identity, whereas professional identity internalizes and influences professional agency. By comparing ten novice teachers from China and Finland, the overall aim of this thesis is to investigate the degree of professional agency as well as professional identity from a developmental perspective so that the socio-cultural contexts, especially the education systems in Finland and China, and subjective factors can be understood.

    In this thesis, five novice teachers from China and five novice teachers from Finland were invited to participate in semi-structured interviews. By adopting thematic analysis, the author has found that how those novice teachers’ voices on professional agency and professional identity are similar or different. The result shows that Finnish novice teachers enjoy a relatively higher degree of professional agency at the workplace, and they seem to be more well-prepared by according to the testimonies in the interviews. Early-childhood teachers’ wellbeing in Finland and China need to be considered in the future educational reforms and development.

  • Christoffersson, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Ioannidou, Irini
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Thai Students’ Expectations on Their Professional Future: With a Lifelong Learning Perspective2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Lifelong learning is known and well-studied in the West, but many times the findings of studies conducted in Europe and USA are simplified to universal findings. Although the world is not that simplistic, it is often argued that the East has a more collectivistic culture while the West is leaning more towards an individualistic. Only a few studies have been conducted on the subject in the East and those studies have a macro-perspective with a focus on political and economic values, while the individual perspective is left unexplored. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of what Thai students expect from their professional future from a lifelong learning perspective and how culture in terms of individualistic and collectivistic dimensions influences these expectations. This is a qualitative study where our empirical data come from ten semi-structured interviews, with last year’s university students in Bangkok. The findings showed that the students’ expectations are influenced by the collectivistic culture while at the same time being connected with the rapid moving society around them. This could be seen as a divided thinking between old traditions and new possibilities, between individualistic dreams and collectivistic loyalty. The findings suggest that lifelong learning in Thailand is influenced by more than just the collectivistic dimension, as previous research shows. We offer a consideration of the situation above and believe young adults are finding their own way, trying to please both sides of a complex situation.

  • Ogestad, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Rätten att vara en sexuell varelse - men hur?: Föreställningar i särskolan om sexualitet och samlevnad gällande elever med intellektuell funtkionsnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet i särskolan ska förbereda för vuxenlivet, och sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen ska bedrivas utifrån ett främjande perspektiv med fokus på sexualitet, identitet, normer och jämställdhet. I Skolinspektionens aktuella granskning av sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen framkommer betydande brister. Den här studien vill öka kunskapen om pedagogers föreställningar om sexualitet och sex- och samlevnad avseende elever med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i särskolan. Undersökningen utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer med pedagoger i gymnasiesärskolan. Utifrån ett normkritiskt perspektiv har insamlad empiri analyserats med hjälp av begreppen cripteori, normalitet och empowerment i syfte att beskriva och tolka hur pedagogerna i särskolan förhåller sig till eleverna och deras förmåga och rätt till sin sexualitet. Olika teman har konstruerats ur empirin för att definiera attityder, normer och förhållningssätt. Resultatet visar pedagoger med oerhört engagemang i ett svårt ämne där de känner sig ensamma och utsatta utan pedagogiskt stöd. Eleverna visar en stor önskan att passa in, de skäms för att gå i särskolan och gör allt för att inte framstå som avvikande. Osäkerheten hos pedagogerna är av central betydelse samtidigt som den normkritiska medvetenheten i undervisningen behöver stärkas. Slutsatsen är att kompetensutveckling och pedagogisk vägledning inom särskolan är avgörande för detta viktiga men känsliga ämne.

  • Florén, Henrika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Shapes of Knowledge: A multimodal study of six Swedish upper secondary students' meaning making and transduction of knowledge across essays and audiovisual presentations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 13:00 David Magnussonsalen (U31), Stockholm
    Jemstedt, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Metacognitive Aspects of Learning: What Influences Magnitude and Accuracy of Ease-of-Learning Judgments?2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To learn efficiently, many situations require people to judge what will be easy or difficult to learn, or how well it has been stored in memory. These metacognitive judgments are important to understand because they most likely guide how people behave when they learn, and consequently how much they learn. In this thesis, I focus on what is referred to as ease-of-learning (EOL) judgments, that is judgments about how easy or difficult a material will be to learn. EOL judgments have received relatively limited attention in the metacognitive literature. Therefore, this thesis also considers for comparison the more extensively researched judgments of learning (JOL), which are judgments of how well a studied material has been learned or how likely it is to be remembered on a later memory test. I had two major aims with my research. First, I aimed to investigate how accurate EOL judgments are, that is, how well they can predict the ease of future learning, and what moderates this accuracy. More precisely, I investigated what affects EOL judgment accuracy by varying how much an item-set varies in a predictive item characteristic, as well as varying methodological aspects of the judgment situation. The second major aim was to investigate what sources of information people use to make EOL judgments and how the information is used to make metacognitive judgments. In three studies, participants made EOL judgments for word pairs (e.g., sun – warm), or single words (e.g., bucket), studied the items, and tried to recall them on memory tests. In Study II, participants also made JOLs after studying the items. To estimate the accuracy of the judgments, the judgments were correlated with recall performance on memory tests. The results of the thesis show that EOL judgments can be accurate when they are made on a to-be-learned material which varies in a predictive item characteristic (Study I and II). In some conditions, EOL judgments are even as accurate as JOLs (Study II). Study II also supports the cue competition hypothesis, which predicts that, when people judge memory and learning, they sometimes rely less on one source of information if other information is available. Furthermore, Study III shows that processing fluency (the experience of effort associated with processing information), may be an important source of information for EOL judgments, and that people’s beliefs about available information can moderate how the information is used to make EOL judgments. Overall, the results show when EOL judgments will be accurate and when they will not, and provides evidence that people may use processing fluency to make EOL judgments even when it contradicts their beliefs. Importantly, the results also indicate that when multiple sources of information are available, information may compete for influence over metacognitive judgments.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Wang, Dong
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för organisk kemi.
    New Reactions with Allyl- and Allenylboron Reagents: Transition-Metal-Catalyzed and Transition-Metal-Free Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation Processes2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Organoboron compounds have been widely used in carbon-carbon bond formation reactions in organic synthesis and catalysis. This thesis is focused on cross-coupling reactions of allyl-, allenylboronic acids and their ester derivatives via transition metal catalysis or transition-metal-free processes.

    The first part of the thesis describes Cu-catalyzed C(sp3)-C(sp3) formation reactions involving allylboronic acids and α-diazoketones. This coupling process shows high γ-regioselectivity, resulting in branched allylic products. When stereodefined cyclic allylboronic acids were employed as the substrate, the relative facial configuration was retained in the reaction product.

    The second part involves Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of allylboronic acid and α-diazoketones. The reaction proceeds with high α-regioselectivity, affording linear allylic products. Accordingly, the palladium- and copper-catalyzed cross-coupling of allylboronic acid and α-diazoketones occurs with opposite regioselectivity.

    The third part concerns a new transition-metal-free carbon-carbon bond formation between allenylboronic acids and in situ generated diazo compounds. The diazo compounds are generated from tosylhydrazones in the presence of base. The reaction is suitable for synthesis of densely substituted conjugated dienes with high Z-selectivity.

    In the final part, the allylation of quinones with allylboronates is presented. The reaction was performed without any catalyst or additive. Various quinones can be employed as substrates, including unsubstituted, monosubstituted benzoquinones and naphthoquinones.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 13:00 sal FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Robustini, Carolina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för astronomi.
    The dynamic chromosphere: Results and techniques with an observational approach2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The chromosphere is a critical interface between the relatively cold photosphere and the hot corona. Its landscape is rich in very dynamic phenomena such as jets, spicules, and surges, which are thought to play an important role in the heating of the Sun’s upper atmosphere. However, these events are often driven by mechanisms that are not entirely understood owing to the complex physical conditions governing the chromosphere. In the average chromosphere, the magnetic pressure often dominates over the gas pressure. Thus the structure and dynamics of this layer are mainly regulated by the magnetic field configuration.

    This thesis is based on three projects that investigate some chromospheric dynamic phenomena and their relation with the magnetic field. In these projects, we follow an experimental approach, by analysing high-resolution ground-based observations with spectropolarimetry as well as satellite co-observations.

    The first project focuses on exotic fan-shaped jets that are sometimes observed above sunspot light bridges. We investigate the thermal properties and the dynamics of these jets, and suggest magnetic reconnection as the mechanism producing these events.

    In the second project, we study a δ-sunspot penumbra that harbours fan-shaped jets. By using inversion techniques, we retrieve the 3D structure of the magnetic field and temperature, which reveal that the magnetic reconnection driving the fan-shaped jets occurs in the lower chromosphere.

    In the third project, we investigate the role of the magnetic field in a unipolar supergranular network cell having a radial arrangement of the fibrils. For this chromospheric structure, we suggest a model of the magnetic topology based on multiwavelength observations and inversion techniques.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 10:00 föreläsningssalen, Filmhuset, Stockholm
    Thorslund, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Do You Have a TV?: Negotiating Swedish Public Service through 1950's Programming, "Americanization," and Domesticity2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation presents a cultural history of early Swedish television. The focus is on the investigation of 1950s programming, intermedial connections, processes of “Americanization,” and domestic, socio-cultural change in direct relation to the new medium. By using a wide range of sources—archival materials, official records, newspaper articles, advertisements, and more—the dissertation examines discourses on how television was experienced during its installation years in Swedish homes, as well as how U.S. television contents were perceived and came to be a sizeable part of early Swedish television. This thesis thereby endeavors to contribute to a wider, transnational framing of Swedish television history.  

    The first chapter examines the scheduling practices and ideas of television programming in the 1950s. The engagement is with notions of medium specificity and intermedial connections between television, radio and film. The chapter further provides a background to how principles for programming were discussed before the televisual start and during the medium’s first years of operation in Sweden. 

    The second chapter offers a case study of television program schedules between 1956 and 1959. It addresses the kind of programs, or categories, the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation invested in; patterns in the daily, weekly and seasonal schedule; increase in broadcasting hours; and prominent countries within the international television material. The case study primarily displays a hitherto largely overlooked influence that came from the U.S. and its commercial television program model.

    The third chapter discusses various forms of American influences on early Swedish television. A recurring cause of concern in Swedish media in the 1950s was that the Swedish public service television could be, and at times was, associated with “Americanization” and commercial popular culture at large. However, instead of defining Swedish public service television in contrast to the U.S. commercial television model, this dissertation argues that the formative years of Swedish television, in various ways, was a convergence of the British public service model and of U.S. program techniques, ideas and formats. 

    Lastly, the forth chapter deals with the cultural changes that resulted from television’s incursion into private homes and living rooms. The chapter examines the television set as a new furniture, within a broader framework of the “people’s home” and the functionalistic ideals of the 1950s. It further addresses how the new medium was marketed to the public, and states that the excitement for television segued to a variety of product advertisements that used the new media as a promoter for an array of commodities.

    The study concludes that programs, formats, and ideas from the U.S., and not—as one might have thought—the UK, constituted the largest number of imported materials on Swedish television during the 1950s. Swedish public service television thus made use of transnational flows from U.S. commercial television networks right from the start, while simultaneously discursively distancing itself from this model of television. Furthermore, the dissertation shows that these programs and formats were pivotal for rapidly turning television into a popular media of entertainment, and a soon-to-be-natural part of the Swedish domestic setting in the 1950s. 

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Stockholm
    Eriksson, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Resisting feminised precarity: Farm workers in post-strike Western Cape, South Africa2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation seeks to contribute to the body of research on gender, neoliberal globalisation and work, and on the forms of resistance people engage in within a deeply unequal global order. It was devised in relation to developments during and after widespread, unprecedented labour and social protests among farm workers in export-oriented agriculture in the Western Cape, South Africa, 2012–2013. The protests, referred to in popular discourse as the ‘farm worker strike’, are widely held to have been spearheaded by people in the most precarious positions: seasonal workers, including migrants both from within and outside South Africa, many of whom were women. The dissertation draws on multi-sited ethnography conducted among farm workers in several of the areas to which the protests spread, during what I refer to as the post-strike moment.

    The aim of the study is to contribute to an understanding of differently positioned farm workers’ experiences of work and life precarity, organising and resistance – as well as to the interlinkages between these phenomena. Using intersectionality as an ‘analytic sensibility’, the dissertation explores how power relations linked to gender, race/ethnicity and nationality/migration status may be understood as shaped by, and contributing to shaping, work and life precarity. It also looks at how these hierarchies are articulated through labour regimes on farms and through workers’ resistance. Moreover, it interrogates labour activism as a route to resisting not only socio-economic deprivation and apartheid legacies, but further to restoring a sense of dignity (of labour).

    The dissertation engages with various broader theoretical discussions. It deliberates on the overlaps between the notions of feminisation of labour, precarious work and precarity – conceiving of precarity as a feminised phenomenon. Experiences of precarity in the Western Cape farmlands, it suggests, are shaped by the devaluing of some workers, linked to racism, sexism and global inequalities, as well as to historical and contemporary processes of dispossession. The dissertation also describes how (some) female farm workers, through presenting themselves as knowledgeable about their rights, and through accentuating feminised aspects of care and responsibility in their activism, position themselves as respectable. Furthermore, through identifying silences and exclusions in representations of farm workers, it contributes to writing black/African female migrant workers back into the strike narrative as important and militant actors. Finally, the dissertation argues that attention to multiple forms of violence – slow, structural, symbolic and direct – and the violence of globalisation under neoliberalism is crucial in order to understand the messy and violent aspects of the ‘farm worker strike’. Importantly, it explores these topics as informed by broader global developments, through which power, control and the retention of value are increasingly placed outside of the deeply unequal spaces that constitute commercial farming areas, discussing links with Sweden as a destination for South African wine and deciduous fruit.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 10:00 Ahlmannsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Jennische, Ulrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    Small-Small: Moral Economy and the Marketspace in Northern Ghana2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decade, the Ghanaian government has tried to include and accommodate the many people working in the so-called informal economy. This formalization process is in line with a global market-driven development discourse. The small-scale traders selling their goods from marketplaces and along the streets in major cities have been of particular interest.

    While the Ghanaian government defines these actors as working in an “informal sector” and thus beyond the formal political and economic system, it simultaneously targets them with welfare services and various policies with the purpose of including them in the creation of a modern welfare state and shaping them into moral and entrepreneurial citizens.

    In Tamale in northern Ghana, years of political neglect, violence, and structural adjustment have led to small-scale traders taking over streets, sidewalks, and infrastructure, which has created a boundless and dynamic marketspace that far exceeds the delimited and politically defined marketplaces. For the state, therefore, much of the formalization process is about restoring the control and power of public space through evictions and relocations of traders. In conjunction with the inclusive welfare services, this demonstrates the contradictions entailed in the politics of informality.

    The study is based on an ethnographic fieldwork among small-scale traders in northern Ghana with a specific interest in the events that occur at the intersection where state, market, and citizenship meet. By asking what it means to be a trader in this contradictory process of formalization, the dissertation aims to understand this transformative moment in Ghana’s political and economic history.

    In this study the emic notion of small-small is used to frame the norms of gradual progress and letting others in that define the moral economy of small-scale trade. Norms, values, and obligations generate trust and solidarity within the marketspace. But more than that, small-small produces a form of politics against an obstructive and unreliable state and it guides traders into the future by shaping dreams, aspirations, and possibilities. Situated in traders’ daily lives, work, and relationships, and through the small-small lens, this thesis investigates the underlying moralities of formalization. It describes the politics of the Ghanaian state, which in its attempt to create an inclusive welfare society, struggles to both protect the moral dynamics of small-scale trade while adhering to the norms and standards of an open liberalized economy.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 10:00 De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Hansman, Reuben Johannes
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geologiska vetenskaper.
    Cryptic Orogeny: uplift of the Al Hajar Mountains at an alleged passive margin2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Mountains evolve and grow because of the large forces that occur from the collision of tectonic plates. Plate boundaries change and move through time, and regions that were once stable, shallow-marine environments can be dragged into subduction zones and get transformed into vast mountain ranges. The Al Hajar Mountains in Oman consist of carbonate rocks which show that during most of the Mesozoic (c. 268 Ma – 95 Ma) they had not yet formed but were flat and below sea level. Following this, in the Late Cretaceous (c. 95 Ma), a major tectonic event caused oceanic crust to be obducted onto this Mesozoic carbonate platform. Then after obduction a shallow marine environment resumed, and Paleogene sedimentary rocks were deposited. Currently, the central mountains are located on the Arabian Plate and are 200 km away from the convergent plate boundary with Eurasia. Here, Arabia is being subducted. Further towards the northwest Arabia and Eurasia are colliding, forming the Zagros Mountains which initiated no earlier than the Oligocene (c. 30 Ma). At this time the mountains were even further away from the plate boundary. The problem with the Al Hajar Mountains is that they record a collision, but are not in a collisional zone. To better understand the formation of the Al Hajar Mountains, a multidiscipline approach was used to investigate the timing at which they developed. This included applying low-temperature thermochronology, U-Pb dating of brittle structures, and balanced cross-sections. Results indicate that the orogeny began in the late Eocene and had concluded by the early Miocene (40 Ma – 15 Ma). Therefore, the uplift of the Al Hajar Mountains is not related to either the older Late Cretaceous ophiolite obduction or the younger Zagros collision, and a new tectonic model is proposed. This research shows that the Cenozoic tectonic history of northern Oman is more cryptic than what has been formerly presented.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 09:30 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Stockholm
    Kari, Elina
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik.
    Light conditions in seasonally ice-covered waters: within the Baltic Sea region2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonal ice cover is a major driver of seasonality in aquatic ecosystems in the Baltic Sea region. Ice cover influences the underwater light conditions directly by limiting the light transfer and indirectly by modifying the mixing and circulation under the ice. Light conditions and stratification are key factors controlling the onset of the phytoplankton spring bloom. Therefore, the seasonal ice cover has an important role in setting the time frames for the primary production and in influencing the seasonality of the ecological processes. This thesis investigates the optical properties of the ice cover and the bio-optical substances in the water column.

    Bio-optical substances, suspended particulate matter (SPM), Coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), determine the availability and spectral distribution of light. Measuring turbidity is quick and easy compared to the gravimetrical determination of the SPM concentration. Paper I provides a new model to estimate the concentration of SPM from turbidity. The new SPM-turbidity model predicts SPM concentrations well, despite the high CDOM absorption and the optical differences in the coastal northwestern and southeastern Baltic proper. Therefore, the new SPM-turbidity model offers a cost-effective and reliable method to monitor SPM concentration.

    The light transfer through the snow and ice cover was studied both in freshwater lake ice and in brackish sea ice (Papers II and III). Additionally, the seasonal evolution of light transmission through lake ice was investigated during spring. The crystal structure of the ice cover was analysed both in the coastal fast ice zone and in drift ice in the open Baltic Sea. The snow and ice cover was found not only to reduce the amount of light, but also to change its spectral and directional distribution. The light field under ice depended strongly on the snow cover. In addition, the bio-optical substances were analysed within sea ice and in the underlying water, as well as their effect on the light conditions.

    The seasonal sea ice cover also limits the wind-driven mixing of the water column. The development of stratification was investigated in a coastal bay in the northwestern Baltic proper (Paper IV). The preconditions for an under-ice plume development were defined along with the spatial and temporal dimensions of the stratification pattern. Furthermore, an under-ice plume was found to cause a delay in the onset of the phytoplankton spring bloom, but the timing of the Chl-a maximum was not affected. The results also show that although diatoms dominate the phytoplankton community with and without under-ice plume, the dynamic conditions without under-ice plume seem to favour the motile photosynthetic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum. Overall, this thesis contributes to better understanding of the current role of seasonal ice cover on the light conditions and consequently on to the ecosystem.

  • Disputas: 2018-09-07 14:00 Ahlmannsalen , Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Kilström, Matilda
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Households' Responses to Policy in Labor and Credit Markets​2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Household Debt and Monetary Policy: Revealing the Cash-Flow Channel We examine the effect of monetary policy on spending when households hold debt linked to short-term rates, such as adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs). Using registry-based data, which is broadly representative of Swedish households, we find substantial heterogeneity in consumption responses to changes in monetary policy. We find that consumption responds more strongly to changes in interest rates for households with high debt than for households with little or no debt. Moreover, households with ARMs appear to be more interest-rate sensitive than households with fixed-rate mortgages. Our results are consistent with hand-to-mouth behavior and an important transmission of monetary policy through the cash-flow channel.

    Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied.

    Risk-sharing and Entrepreneurship We study the role of risk-sharing in facilitating innovation. Studying entrepreneurship and innovation entails modelling an occupational choice and an effort choice. Risk-sharing may increase the number of individuals who become entrepreneurs by limiting the downside risk. The effort of entrepreneurs may, however, be hampered by high risk-sharing if this limits the returns faced by successful entrepreneurs relative to unsuccessful entrepreneurs. We construct a theoretical model where risk-sharing may be private or public, i.e., provided through the welfare state by means of taxation. We show that the level of risk-sharing matters for the characteristics of entrepreneurs. Moreover, high taxes, which imply high equilibrium benefits paid out to entrepreneurs, encourage entrepreneurship but discourage effort.

    Portfolio and Housing Decisions in the Presence of Intergenerational Links There is ample support for the idea that parents matter for the housing market choices of their children. Despite this, our understanding of the effects of these intergenerational links remains limited. I set up a partial equilibrium overlapping generations model with intergenerational links and study housing and portfolio decisions. I use the model to characterize individual behavior, as well as behavioral responses to a change in borrowing conditions. In steady state, the main determinant of both children's and parents' behavior is parental wealth and stricter borrowing conditions have a limited effect. During a transition with positive house price growth, however, the difference between parents who are homeowners and renters (and between their children) is amplified and stricter borrowing conditions have a stronger impact on behavior.

  • Edin, Nathalie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Hemlösas upplevelser av deras livssituation och bemötande från socialtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the situation of homeless people, how they perceive the efforts of the social-services and what opportunities and limitations there is for homeless people to live a health-promoting life. Through qualitative interviews with five acute homeless people I interpreted the results based on the salutogenic perspective of KASAM and the theory of relational power. Results show that homeless people are a vulnerable group with a weak social network, a life characterized by addiction and mental healthproblems and with a limited participation in the society. They express both positive and negative experiences of the social-services, mostly negative. Despite their difficult situation, I found that they have the potential to live a health-promoting life if they are able to manage their existence by accessing alternative social resources such as significant relationships or a religious belief, meaningful activities and the understanding of how they ended up in this situation. Homeless people would like for the social-services to work faster and to design requirements and support based on their individual conditions and needs. Priority initiatives include housing, drugtreatment, occupation and support through good relationships and conversations.

  • Alfredsson, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Arnamo, Astrid
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Att vara socionomkonsult: En professionell outsider?2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of agency social workers in Sweden have increased during the past few decades and there is a lack of research on this topic. This study aims to describe how the agency social workers experience the work within the swedish social services and how it affects their role with regards to their deviant type of employment. The study is comprised of qualitative interviews with seven agency social workers who have differentiated experience in social services assignments. The results of the study is based on thematic analysis and Becker’s theory of outsiders. The results show that the agency social workers don’t necessarily regard themselves as outsiders in a negative sense, but rather in a positive way. However, they tend to use strategies to avoid behaviour that can appear deviant and therefore avoid being labelled as outsiders. This includes for instance living up to both formal and informal expectations, being careful when it comes to criticizing the hiring organisation and being cautious in their involvement in social relationships to the permanent staff. Opposed to previous studies, these results indicate that the agency social workers expresses more positive experiences in relation to the hiring organisation.

  • Sterge, Ellinor
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Åsebring, Lisa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Narkotikaproblem eller problem med narkotikarelaterad dödlighet?: En poststrukturell policyanalys av Socialstyrelsens åtgärdsplan “Nationellt utvecklingsarbete för att motverka narkotikarelaterad dödlighet” (2017)2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction reports that drug-related deaths have almost tripled in Sweden between year 2006 and 2015. The aim of this study is to elucidate in which ways drug-related mortality is produced and conceptualized as a problem within policy discourse by critically analyzing The National Board of Health and Welfare’s policy proposal “Nationellt utvecklingsarbete för att motverka narkotikarelaterad dödlighet” (2017). Using Bacchi’s poststructural approach to policy analysis “What’s the problem represented to be?”, two problem representations are identified, namely that drug-related mortality is conceptualized as a problem with drugs and drug use in general as well as a problem due to lack of knowledge and information. This is based on underlying assumptions that all illegal drug use is hazardous and that the solution to the drug problem can be obtained by objective knowledge production thus leaving both the practice of gaining knowledge as well as current Swedish drug laws unproblematized. The effects are, to name a few, that proposed policies mainly targets “all people who use drugs” with a focus on providing “more of the same” which in extension overrides the group of high-risk drug users along with a structural understanding of drug-related mortality.

  • Hjelmberg, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Strategier för att bli "pornwise": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars navigering i det pornografiska landskapet2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the increased presence of pornographic influences in adolescents daily lives has affected their ability to act when exposed to pornographic materials. The aim of this study has been to investigate what strategies that adolescents use when tackling the pornographic presence in relation to the differing opinions voiced in the general society, in order to become pornwise. The data has been collected through focus groups with adolescents in the later years of high school and using Parker et al.s (1998) theoretical framework for navigation through a drug landscape. Drawing parallels to Parker et al.s (1998) study this study has retrieved four different strategies for becoming pornwise; the joker, the searcher, the moralist and the debater. The conclusion of this study shows that adolescents formulate several different strategies to tackle the pornographic presence and navigate through the pornographic landscape. In addition the results suggest that adolescents are in need of further tools from the adult- world such as, for example, improved sexual education in school and further support from parents, in order to feel comfortable in their navigation and becoming pornwise.

  • Mellgren, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Annica, Holmberg
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Valideringens funktion inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how therapists reflect about the importance of validation in their clinical work with children and adolescents at Barn- och Ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP). The study is qualitative and had a design with three focus group interviews with a total of thirteen respondents. The interview guide was half structured and every session lasted for two hours. The results show that all the respondents highlight the value of constant use of validation within their therapy sessions. They picture that validation is an important key to reach alliance with the patient. It is clear that the therapists use different validation strategies when they meet children compared with adults. The researchers make new findings that have not been found in previous science, empirics that do not match our theoretical basis. These findings contents how the respondents through play, a more explicit body language, more physical contact, an affirmative attitude and creative practice matches and adapts their validation strategies when they meet children in the therapy room. They describe a distinct difference in their way to validate children. Finally, the results show that validation reinforces the therapeutic relationship between and is a necessary factor to make the patient safe and able to participate in a process of treatment.  

     

  • Tratsiakovich, Darya
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier.
    CHINESE SIHEYUAN ARCHITECTURE: Transformation of Siheyuan during 20-21st Centuries andIts Sustainability in the Future2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Qian, Wuqian
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier.
    The dissemination and localization of anime in China: Case study on the Chinese mobile video game Onmyoji2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Andersson, Oscar
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Politikens retorik: Fredrik Reinfeldt och Stefan Löfvens retorik och svarsmetoder i Tv-sända partiledardebatter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var dels att studera och jämföra hur politiker går tillväga för att övertyga väljarna att rösta på deras parti och dels att sätta uppfattningen om att politiker är dåliga på att svara på frågor och ofta avbryter en talare på sin spets genom att analysera avbrott och svar och icke-svar. Mer specifikt är det partiledarna för de största riksdagspartierna Stefan Löfven (S) och Fredrik Reinfeldt (M) som analyserats och jämförts. Tv-debatterna är från riksdagsåren 2012-2014 som är en intressant period i svensk politik då 2014 var ett supervalår med såväl europaparlamentsval som riksdagsval. För att få svar på frågeställningen om politikernas väg till övertygelse har jag använt metoden retorikanalys med utgångspunkt i partesläran, den retoriska arbetsprocessen. För att analysera den andra frågeställningen användes en samtalsanalytisk ansats, då avbrott, svar och icke-svar är viktiga delar i samtalsanalysen. Resultaten av retorikanalysen visade att på ett mer övergripande plan kan man, utifrån analysen dra slutsatsen att partiledarna använder många av de retoriska grepp som återfinns i partesläran. Även om det är svårt att sia om huruvida de har studerat retorik och har koll på begrepp inom retoriken, är det tydligt att de har en viss strategi för att övertyga väljarna att rösta på deras parti. Efter att ha gått in mer på djupet i partiledarnas retorik har jag kommit fram till vilka dessa strategier är och vilka retoriska grepp som de använder sig av. Utifrån parteläran har jag hittat aspekter som skiljer de båda partiledarna åt, hur de inleder, ger bakgrundsbeskrivningar, argumenterar och använder språket. När Löfven ofta inleder med något drastiskt, väljer Reinfeldt ofta att inleda med något aktuellt. Argumenten skiljer sig åt genom att Reinfeldt oftare argumenterar för sin egen politik medan Löfven med sin konfliktorienterade retorik inte sällan argumenterar mot alliansens politik. När det gäller Elocutio, stilen, språket och dess fyra dygder, att uttrycka sig korrekt, klart, konstfullt och passande har det visat sig att Reinfeldt uppfyller dessa dygder i större utsträckning än vad Löfven gör. Samtalsanalysen visade att det låg en sanning i uppfattningen att politiker ofta på olika sätt kringgår att svara på en fråga och avbryter såväl andra politiker som journalister. Nära hälften av frågorna besvarades inte och båda politikerna hade en tendens att avbryta andra politiker, dock mer sällan journalister. Till sist sammanfattades slutsatserna och bland relationen mellan journalister och politiker diskuterades med slutsatsen att journalisterna har en stor makt i samtalen, en makt som de emellertid inte utnyttjar till fullo.

  • Berggren, Ronja
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, JMK.
    Mathilda, Lundqvist
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, JMK.
    Disney och den postfeministiska prinsessan: En semiotisk undersökning av kvinnliga Disney-protagonister2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Walt Disney Company has been producing feature films for almost a decade, allowing children as well as grown ups to enter their world of fairytales. Along the years there have been different ways to portray the characters, this can be seen in results from previous research. The purpose with our essay is to examine five female main characters in modern princess-movies from Disney; The Princess and the Frog, Tangled, Brave, Frozen and finally Moana. With a base in the ideas of postfeminism, we wanted to investigate how the female characters were portrayed in terms of physical appearance, personality and stereotypical femininity. We made a semiotic analysis to discern signs in respective movie, we used Roland Barthes’s theory consisting of the idea of denotation, connotation and myths. Our analysis lead us to the conclusion that several changes can be seen. Instead of portraying female characters as innocent, love-seeking and in the need of rescue, the modern princesses are physically strong, determined and adventurous. The viewers are also being introduced to new kinds of relationships that differs from the previous heterosexual standards. Even though some gender roles and intersectional standards were remained visible, we found new stereotypical ways of portraying women in Disney.

  • Ramberg, Joacim
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Specialpedagogiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Brolin Låftman, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fransson, Emma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    School effectiveness and truancy: a multilevel study of upper secondary schools in Stockholm2018Inngår i: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Truancy is a problem associated with a range of negative consequences at the individual and societal level, both in the short and the long term. Few earlier studies have investigated the association between school effectiveness and truancy. The aim of this study is to examine the links between three teacher-rated features of school effectiveness – school leadership, teacher cooperation and consensus, and school ethos – and student-reported truancy. Data were collected in 2016 among 4,956 students and 1,045 teachers in 46 upper secondary schools in Stockholm. Results from two-level binary logistic regression analyses show that higher teacher ratings of the school leadership and of the school ethos (but not of teacher cooperation and consensus) are associated with a lower likelihood of truancy at the student-level, even when adjusting for student- and school-level sociodemographic characteristics. The findings indicate that effective school characteristics may contribute to reducing students’ inclination to play truant.

  • Ljunggren, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Arbete, nöje, gemenskap och lägerplatsen i den svenska pojkscoutrörelsen 1910–1930: Det enkla livets infrastruktur och dispositiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis posits that the scout camp can fruitfully be studied as a technological environment, more specifically as an infrastructure of the simple life. Mainly based upon periodicals, handbooks, still and moving pictures (from the Swedish boy scouts 1910–1930, but with international outlooks) it draws upon the Foucauldian notion of the apparatus (dispositif) as well as theory on modern infrastructure. Particular attention is payed to the role of work, leisure and community building at and around the camp site.      

    The simplification of the camp site – socially as well as technologically – was strategic in the sense that it enabled other goals and functions on a larger, societal level. To some extent it can also be seen as a critique of a growing complexity in modern life. A shared infrastructural sensibility finally grew out of the camp life, connecting scouts on a scale that stretched from the individual to the world.          

  • Ljunggren, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Den sista flickscouten?: Medborgarideal i den svenska flickscoutrörelsen 1945-19652015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the ideal of citizenship as presented in the Swedish Girl Scout movement 1945-1965. Through the examination of periodicals aimed at Girl Scout leaders, the study attempts to elucidate how the presented ideals shifted in the years leading up to, and following, the merger between the largest Swedish Girl Scout and Boy Scout associations in 1960.        

    As a theoretical background, the model of the Belgian scout researcher Sophie Wittemans is used, according to which citizenship in the scout movement contains both a universalistic tendency, emphasizing and geared towards creating citizens that are equal in an abstract sense, as well as particularizing instruments that aim to mold the singular individual. Wittemans claims that the Girl Scout movement has generally focused on the later aspect.      The concept of citizenship is found to be linked to duty rather than to the freedom of the individual, especially in the sphere of home life. In professional life the individual is afforded a greater measure of freedom. At the time of the merger in 1960, the idea of citizenship is to some extent gendered. The Girl Scout is to be prepared to take part in a society where feminine and masculine values are both needed. There is no consensus, however, on what the difference between the sexes consists of.      

    Neither sex, nor citizenship, seems to be the main focus of the training of Girl Scouts during the studied period. The cultural and societal tensions are contained by religion, universalizing tools like the scout law, and concepts such as ‘humanity’.       Through the study of a relatively scarcely researched area, this study attempts to shed light upon the Swedish Girl Scout movement in the post-war-era, as well as the larger shift in gender roles in Swedish society during the same period.

  • Ljunggren, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    "Men jorden strävar ju själv mot rymderna?": Naturuppfattningen i Moa Martinsons Kvinnor och äppelträd2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on Moa Martinson, and Kvinnor och äppelträd in particular, has mainly focused on the aspect of sex and gender.     The overarching purpose of the presented paper is to examine the concept of nature in the aforementioned novel. The text is read as a negotiation, and state of tension, between two differing concepts of nature. On the one hand an anarchist-romanticist view of nature defined by a questioning of the human-nature demarcation, and by its insistence on nature having intrinsic value; on the other hand a capitalist-bourgeois view of nature, drawing a clear line between human and nature, defining nature as an instrument to accomplish other means.     The concept of nature is examined along three main lines. The first chapter examines nature as seen through the eyes of the characters and the narrator. In the second chapter the 'place' as a special spatial category is studied. Lastly, the novel's view on human nature is investigated.     The results are then analyzed according to Kate Soper's tri-partite concept of nature. On all three levels the novel is found to exhibit a tension between two opposing tendencies. On the one hand nature is described as an animated being (related to concepts such as chance, fate, will), on the other hand a naturalistic realist discourse is represented, describing nature in scientific terms. At the same time the novel contains a deconstructive vein, undermining binary oppositions such as the one suggested above.     In the concluding analysis the idea of an authorial voice (used in a Bakthinian sense) is used to examine the conception of nature presented in the novel.  A circular view of life and nature emerges, represented by the symbol of the 'path'. A small-scale communitarian ideal is also exhibited, emphasizing the need for humans to live in harmony with, and in proximity to, nature.

  • Nyqvist, Jakob
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier.
    Dispatch Workers as an Irreversible Trend: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Representation of DispatchWorkers in Editorials of two Japanese Newspapers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Kitano, Megumi
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för japanska.
    The Role of Role Language in Japanese Language Education: A Study on the Involvement of Role Language in the Japanese-as-a-Foreign-Language Education at Stockholm University2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • Amnéus, Joar
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för japanska.
    USA: En förebild?: Insikter från studenter på Kyoto universitet om attityder till USA2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Tornehag, Caroline
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Performativa årsringar. Om hur barn gör(s) ålder i förskolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utgår från barns möten i förskolan och undersöker ålder som ett görande. Studiens data utgör 18 timmars videoobservationer på en förskoleavdelning i en större svensk stad där sexton barn deltar från åldrarna ett till sex år. Studien utgår från en posthumanistisk grundsyn genom agentisk realism (se Barad, 2007 och Lenz Taguchi, 2012) och tematisk analysmetod har tillämpats i analysdelen (se Braun & Clarke, 2006). Studiens resultat visar att barn, språk, diskurser, material och miljö intra-aktivt samhandlar och performativt producerar ålder som fenomen i förskolan. Studiens bidrag är att med stöd i agentisk realism introducera sätt att förstå ålder som ett socialt och materiellt fenomen. Detta skapar en förskjutning från barnet som ensam aktör i förklarandet av normerande ålderspraktiker i förskolan för att mer tillgängligt möjliggöra ett förklarande av aktörskap inom sociala och materiella praktiker och hur dessa samkonstituerar ålder som fenomen i förskolan.

  • Vladasel, Theodor
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Same, but different? Birth order, family size, and sibling sex composition effects in entrepreneurship2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Mörke, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Målstyrning inom kunskapsföretag: Ett nytt förhållningssätt till målstyrning som förbättrar arbetsprestationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens föränderliga värld behöver företagen i en ökad utsträckning ta tillvara på medarbetarnas engagemang och motivation i arbetet. Inom HRM och i företag har länge målstyrning använts för att öka prestationsförmågan hos de anställda och förbättra företagens resultat. Syftet med uppsatsen var att öka förståelsen för målstyrning och dess upplevda innebörd för medarbetarnas arbetsengagemang och arbetsmotivation inom kunskapsföretag. En kvalitativ ansats har valts där åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts. Data har analyserats med hjälp av Grundad teori. Resultatet visar att ”målstyrning” har en stor betydelse för det upplevda engagemanget och motivationen hos medarbetarna, vilket är kopplat till den upplevda prestationen och resultatet av deras arbeten. En modell har tagits fram för att beskriva och förklara sambanden kopplade till en effektiv målstyrningsprocess. Ett ökat fokus i framtiden gällande arbetsengagemang och arbetsmotivation betonas vid utveckling av målstyrningsprocessen och där företagen ännu bättre tar tillvara på medarbetarnas potential, energi och förmågor.

  • Söderqvist Werneborg, Elina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Julin, Frida
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    "Det var någon som tog på mig fast jag inte ville": En kvalitativ studie av grundskoleelevers upplevelser av sexuella trakasserier2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexuella trakasserier är ett utbrett problem bland skolelever. Mot bakgrund av omfattning, normalisering och negativa följder är noggrann och fortlöpande kartläggning av vikt. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att kvalitativt undersöka hur svenska grundskoleelever på mellan- och högstadiet beskriver sina upplevelser av sexuella trakasserier. I samarbete med Friends erhölls fritextsvar som samlats in som en del av en större enkätundersökning. Genom tematisk analys framkom sex huvudteman: arenor, förövare, reaktioner, fysiska former, icke-verbala former och verbala former. Resultatet belyser att sexuella trakasserier förekommer i olika former och sammanhang och leder till känslo- och beteendemässiga reaktioner på liknande sätt oberoende ålder. Det uppmärksammas att förövare emellanåt använder strategier för att maskera gränsöverskridande beteende. Föreliggande studie bidrar till ökad kunskap gällande sexuella trakasserier bland mellanoch högstadieelever i Sverige vilket med fördel kan användas i ett preventivt arbete.

  • Lim Falk, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Bygga och värdera kunskap2018Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Retorik och argumenterande skrivande2018Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    "Kredd till dig för vår senaste tweet": Kommunikativa val på Twitter under terrorattentatet på Drottninggatan2018Inngår i: Grammatik, kritik, didaktik: Nordiska studier i systemisk-funktionell lingvistik och socialsemiotik, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018, Vol. 34, s. 79-95Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Baltiska språk.
    Dzimtenes Balss pielikumi2017Inngår i: Jaunā Gaita, ISSN 0448-9179, Vol. LXIV, nr 291, s. 40-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1955 and 1992, Latvians in the western exile received the propaganda publication "Dzimtenes Balss", which was written by and published by the Cultural Relations Committee in Riga, a KGB-front whose goal was to neutralize exile Latvian anti-Communistic activities. Beginning 1964, "Dzimtenes Balss" published a number of supplements that targeted exile Latvian activitists and organizations. The supplements, among them Svešuma Balss, Svešatnes Atspulgi, Latvia Today, et al, were published in Latvian and in English.

  • Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Det politiska reportaget: Om ögonvittnesskildring som persuasivt medel2018Inngår i: Kritiska text- och diskursstudier / [ed] Daniel Wojahn, Charlotta Seiler Brylla, Gustav Westberg, Hudding: Södertörns högskola, 2018, Vol. 6, s. 161-177Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper use rhetorical criticism methodology when investigating linguistic and rhetorical means in the reportage genre. The concept of eye-witness is explored in six reportage from the GDR-propaganda published in 1962. Through analysis of dialogue and perception in text, the notion of presence is discussed. An assumption is that presence in text can be of paramount importance for the technique of persuasion. It  is claimed that presence might be communicated though dialogues. However the main impact of presence is connected to the perceptivity of the narrator. Values and arguments are highly emphasized when detailed descriptions are experienced by the narrator. Consequently the conclusion of the analysis is associated with the rhetorical concept evidentia. Finally it is claimed that the GDR-propaganda use reportage from industries and construction sites to show western countries the advantages of East German version of socialism. The concept of political myth is introduced and is in the final discussion connected to the myth of technical development and the myth of progress. The theoretical frame-work consists of rhetoric, linguistics, and literary studies.

  • Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Baltiska språk.
    Uldis Ģērmanis un izdevniecība "Memento"2016Inngår i: Jaunā Gaita, ISSN 0448-9179, Vol. LXII, nr 284, s. 53-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A summary of historian, publicist, and author Uldis Ģērmanis' collaboration with publishing house "Memento". "Memento" was established in Stockholm 1961, by leading exile Latvian socialdemocrats. Between 1986 and 1998 "Memento" published eleven books authored by Uldis Ģērmanis.

  • Callou, Dinah
    et al.
    Avelar, Juanito
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    TER/HAVER constructions and verbal agreement2013Inngår i: Journal of Portuguese Linguistics, ISSN 1645-4537, E-ISSN 2397-5563, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 187-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is twofold: (i) to analyze the use of the verbs ter and haver in the history of Portuguese and, more specifically, in a recent stage of Brazilian Portuguese, in which the possessive ter is used as an existential verb; and (ii) to discuss some properties involving ter and haver in possessive and existential domains, in both European and Brazilian Portuguese, pointing to the possibility of verbal agreement with ter/haver-existential constructions. Exploring results from previous analyses it is shown that some properties of existential constructions, in contemporary Brazilian Portuguese, can derive from changes involving subject position, related to the weakening of flectional paradigm.

  • Avelar, Juanito
    et al.
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    Galves, Charlotte
    O papel das línguas africanas na emergência da gramática do português brasileiro2014Inngår i: Lingüística, ISSN 1132-0214, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 241-288Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Ornelas de Avelar, Juanito
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    Sentenças possessivas e existenciais2018Inngår i: História do Português Brasileiro: Mudança sintática: perspectiva gerativista / [ed] Ataliba T. de Castilho, Maria A. Torres Morais, Sonia Cyrino, São Paulo: Editora Contexto , 2018, s. 72-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Sundell, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    A study on the measurement of depressive symptoms: frequency versus intensity2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a common mental health disorder and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease. Improving the instruments that are used to detect and assist in the diagnosis of depression is of importance due to the impact that the disorder has on the individual and society. The study aimed to explore and improve the measurement of depression. Seventy-one participants’ results on the PHQ-9 (that measures frequency of depressive symptoms) and the Borg CR scale® (measuring intensity of depressive symptoms) were analysed. It was also of interest to measure mental health patients’ (n = 16) self-rated depression and compare it to mental health staffs’ (n = 7) observer-rated depression. The overall correlation between intensity and frequency of depressive symptoms was found to be positively strong (r =. 695), the Borg CR scale showed high internal consistency when used for measuring intensity of depressive symptoms (.846), self-reported depression was lower than observer-rated depression (p = .167). In addition, inter-individual differences in frequency and intensity of depressive symptoms were also examined. Overall, the outcome of this study showed that intensity of depressive symptoms can differ considerably between individuals, despite similar overall depression scores. 

  • Andersson, Gustav
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Kognitiva genvägar och tankefel: Kan en kortfattad instruktion främja rationellt tänkande?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Instruktioner har haft en positiv påverkan på rationellt tänkande, bland annat när de har innehållit exempel och kombinerats med träning. Viss forskning har visat att även mindre omfattande instruktioner har främjat rationellt tänkande. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om en kortfattad instruktion kunde leda till mer rationellt tänkande. Totalt slutförde 93 deltagarna studien vilka randomiserades till en av två betingelser, instruktion eller icke-instruktion. Instruktionsgruppen fick läsa en kortfattad instruktion som varnade för kognitiva genvägar och tankefel. Deltagarna besvarade en webbenkät med heuristik och snedvridningsuppgifter samt påstående som tillsammans mätte rationellt tänkande. En tvåvägsvariansanalys visade ingen signifikant huvudeffekt av grupp men en signifikant huvudeffekt av kön, männen fick i genomsnitt signifikant högre poäng på rationellt tänkande än kvinnorna. Ingen signifikant interaktionseffekt mellan grupp och kön uppvisades. Resultatet diskuterades i relation till relevanta teorier och modeller för rationellt tänkande, vilka implicerade att instruktionen endast berörde en del av rationellt tänkande.

  • Johansson, Lina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Genusvetenskap.
    A stunning portrait of diversity?: Gender, race, and nation in Miss Universe Japan 20152017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study how gender, race, and nation are represented in Miss Universe Japan 2015. I investigate how the top five participants are represented in relation to Japanese ideal femininity and what these representations contribute to. Furthermore, I examine how global ideals have impacted the outcome of the pageant. The material consists of recordings of the Miss Universe Japan 2015 pageant, which is available on YouTube. The material is analyzed using a context focused textual analysis. Stuart Hall’s theories of representation are used to understand how representations work. Judith Butler’s theory of performative gender and Floya Anthias’ and Nira Yuval-Davies’ theories of how gender relates to nation are used to understand how the construction of the nation intersects with the construction of gender. Michael Billig’s theory of banal nationalism is used to illustrate that beauty pageants are nationalistic practices. Lastly, theories of whiteness, both in the West and Japan, are applied to understand how race and national values interact. The top five participants in Miss Universe Japan 2015 are analyzed one by one and their representations are contrasted to the ideals of the Japanese woman. Moreover, the impact of global ideals on the pageant is discussed. I find that the representation of the top five participants both reproduces and challenges the ideal femininity in Japan, thus widening the limits for the Japanese womanhood. On the other hand, these challenges, and also the reproductions, largely follow global ideals, which leads to an essentialization of global beauty.

  • Castrén, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    National identity and attitudes towards immigrants in Finland, Great Britain and the USA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the relationship between national identity and attitudes towards immigrants. It examines three countries with different history of nation building and immigration: Finland, Great Britain and the USA. It is assumed that the differences in nation building and immigration across the countries have led to a different understanding of national identity and attitudes towards immigrants. The hypothesis is that the relationship between national identity and attitudes towards immigrants is not consistent but is dependent on how belonging to the nation is defined. This paper uses eight different aspects to measure the understanding of national identity. Attitudes towards immigrants are explored on six dimensions: criminality, economy, labor market, society, culture and the number of immigrants. The paper uses the theory of ethnic and civic types of national identity as a basis for the analysis. The ethnic definition of national identity is assumed to be related to anti-immigrant attitudes while a more civic definition may even lead to more open attitudes towards immigrants. Ordinal logistic regression has been used to estimate these relationships. The data used comes from the International Social Survey Programme’s ‘National Identity’ module from 2013. The results show clear differences between the countries both in the general attitudes towards immigrants and the prominence of anti-immigrant attitudes. In all countries ethnic definition of national identity is connected to more negative attitudes towards immigrants. However, there are differences in how individual aspects of identity correlate with different dimensions of attitudes towards immigrants. The number of people viewing the ethnic aspects of national identity as important is larger in Great Britain and anti-immigrant attitudes generally more widespread than in Finland and the USA. Additionally, the results from ordinal logistic regressions show that while the majority of aspects of national identity correlated with anti-immigrant attitudes, some of the civic aspects were connected to more positive attitudes. The results differed between the countries suggesting that the relationship between national identity and attitudes towards immigrants is not consistent and that it does depend on the definition of national identity.

  • Fischerström Cook, Katarina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gustafsson, Madeleine
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hur beter vi oss själva egentligen?: Skolpersonalen som förebild och vikten av att kunna hantera sina egna konflikter2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger på en kvalitativ intervjustudie som har utförts bland personalen inom ett fritidshem och i samarbete med lärare och skolledare. Tio personer med olika utbildningar och uppdrag har intervjuats för att identifiera hur konflikter inom ett arbetslag kan uppstå och te sig. Syftet har varit att finna förståelse för hur man på bästa sätt kan tillvarata allas kunskaper trots olika synsätt och utbildningar. Det insamlade materialet har analyserats genom den tematiska analysmetoden, för att finna mönster och teman. Resultatet har sedan analyserats utifrån ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt perspektiv då utgångspunkten varit att synliggöra och förstå människors handlande och beteende i interaktion med varandra. I resultatet framkom att trots att skolan genomgått ett förändringsprogram som delvis effektiviserat arbetet för alla anställda och därmed höjt fritidsverksamhetens status, så finns konflikterna där, ibland under ytan. Olika anledningar till att konfliktsituationer uppstår kunde delas upp under sex olika huvudteman där det största handlade om samarbetet mellan fritidshemspersonal och lärare. Fritidshemmet och skolan är två verksamheter som varit integrerade i ca 20 år, där samarbeten och samverkan fortfarande inte är helt lätt. Inom den egna arbetsgruppen handlar konflikterna om olika utbildningar, bakgrund, erfarenheter och därmed olika synsätt, vilket leder till att missförstånd och konflikter uppstår. En av slutsatserna är att fritidshemspersonalens uppdrag behöver tydliggöras och förstås av alla parter. 

  • Runéus, Axel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Suliman, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Hur stor är youtubers makt över dig: En kvantitativ studie om youtubers påverkan på sin publik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelors essay aims to investigate and detect what perceptions influencers have when it comes to marketing different products and services on Youtube. The focus is on the relationship between youtuber and audience and how this interaction affects the consumer behavior of the audience.

    This study is based on Swedish users of YouTube between 12-30 years. What follows below is a quantitative survey study. The investigation and discussion is based on the Para-social Interaction theory, also called PSI, alongside with Uses & gratification theory and lastly the twostep-flow of Communication. When we look at the results, our general inference is that gender and age seems to affect the perceived impact on the audience and their faith in youtubers recommendations. The perceived impact, in turn, is affecting the audience´s consumer behaviour.

  • Stark Jansson, Hanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    "En chans att vara någon annan": En kvalitativ studie i symbolisk interaktionism och hur unga män använder Instagram som en plats för att skapa och forma sin självbild2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Instagram is one of the fastest growing social networks and has given the image a new meaning. With social media like Instagram, the user can decide how he wants to be perceived by others. By choosing what images he wants to publish, he creates and forms the content of Instagram, which in turn creates and forms how he will be perceived. This study is about young men’s self-representation on Instagram. Based on theories about Symbolic interaction, the Dramaturgical perspective and FoMO the study is looking into which images are the most common to publish among the respondents. Furthermore, how the respondents create and form their self-image by how they imagine that other people perceive them. The study is also looking into how the self-image is affected by comparison with others and finally, what impact Instagram has on the respondents. The study has been done by interviewing six young men and also by a thematic overall analysis of their images on Instagram. The result of this study shows that a common behavior among the respondents is to make themselves look better on Instagram. The images that they publish often represents “the good life”, such as fancy dinners with friends, champagne and trips to different places around the world. Images that does not represent a luxury lifestyle are often left “behind the scenes”, and they are therefore invincible for others. The respondents also tend to create and form their self-image by their imagination of how others see them. Like a mirror, the respondents often see themselves from the eyes of others and they choose pictures just so they can live up to that specific image they think others have of them. With Instagram, the respondents can also stay updated of what other people do, but at the contrary, they are also updated of what they are missing out on. This comparison of what others do and what the respondents do not do tend to have negative effects on their self-esteem. An “optimized me” on Instagram can give increased self-esteem, but at the same time it contributes to more comparison and jealousy, which can lead to a misguided self-image.