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  • Hammarberg, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Conditions on transfer in phonology1997In: Second-Language Speech: Structure and Process / [ed] A. James, J. Leather, Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1997, p. 161-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Gustavsson Lembke, Nathalie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Weber, Isabell
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vägar till inkludering: En fallstudie om användandet av ramverket Building Blocks matriser i en svensk förskolas inkluderingsarbete.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning lyfter vikten av tidiga insatser samt uppföljning och utvärdering för att nå en inkluderande verksamhet, samtidigt framhålls bristen på utvärderingsverktyg för att säkerställa en inkluderande verksamhet. Efter flera års erfarenheter som förskollärare har vi sett att det saknas ett tydligt arbetsmaterial som inbjuder till en samsyn mellan professioner kring hur svårigheterna kring inkludering ser ut på organisations-, grupp- och individnivå. Det evidensbaserade ramverket Building Blocks syftar till att planera och utforma undervisning samt lärmiljö för att inkludera barn i behov av stöd i förskolans verksamhet. Ramverket utgår ifrån fyra block som stegvis bygger på varandra och vi har valt att fokusera på ramverkets matriser som omfattar organisation, grupp och individ. Syftet med studien är att undersöka om, och i så fall hur, en inkluderande förskoleverksamhet med stöd av ramverket Building Blocks matriser i den ordinarie verksamheten kan förändra förutsättningar och villkor för barn som både tillfälligt samt varaktigt är i behov av stöd. Studien utgår ifrån en kvalitativ metod genom en fallstudie där den bearbetade datainsamlingen har inhämtas genom observationer, intervjuer och samtal samt genom implementeringen av Building Blocks matriser. Resultatet visar att användandet av Building Blocks matriser synliggjorde verksamhetens inkluderingsarbete. Med hjälp av matriserna kunde förbättringsområden urskiljas som sedan ledde till en utveckling på både gruppnivå samt individnivå.

  • Haile, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Ras & Religion: Christian Identity Vs. Black Hebrew Israelites2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our society has become more and more radicalized. For many people religion plays a vital role in this radicalization process, particularly for those who justify racial supremacy through religious tenets. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare two ideologies from which radicalized followers assume racial supremacy from a God given designation as the "true Israelites". The two ideologies interpret the Bible – and sometimes even the same passages – differently.  In this study I will examine the Christian Identity movement and the Black Hebrew Israelites by using a comparative method from a prototypical approach. My focus is how two different ideologies misinterpret the biblical myth about the Lost Tribes of Israel and how this misinterpretation inspires racial supremacy and Anti-Semitism. This is a study about the connection between race and religion.

    Keywords: racism, race, Christian Identity, Black Hebrew Israelites, Anti-Semitism, Lost Tribes of Israel        

  • Pettersson, Kevin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Nötkött: En etnologisk studie om individers föreställningar om hållbarhet och risk i förhållande till ett köttslag2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how beef consumption and production triggers feelings of risk related to the climate, environment, personal health and animal welfare among the study participants. These feelings are mainly analyzed through the lens of Ulrich Beck’s theories on the risk society. Theories on local, regional and national food as well as carnism are also used to analyze how the feelings of risk differ depending on how the beef is produced. By conducting qualitative interviews with a varied set of informants, this study provides a multiple perspective on beef consumption. Some of the results are that all of the informants have knowledge about different types of risks with beef consumption and production. However, some use this knowledge to change their consumption, while others do not. Furthermore, Swedish beef is believed to be the best when it comes to aspects as the impact on the climate and environment as well as animal ethics. The informants also show concern with the Swedish mass-production of beef, which some of them believe to be purely driven by economical interest rather than concern for animal welfare.

  • Palaiorouta, Eleni Zoi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Organizational Precarity: An Anthropological study of a Civil Society Organization in austerity-ridden Greece2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines a Greek civil society organization, which is struggling to cope with the precarity caused by the environment of crisis. By looking into the austerity that prevails in Greece, I aim to discuss the connection between the Greek society and the organization, as both of them are struggling with the consequences of the crisis which brings them into a precarious position. The methods used during the fieldwork were mainly participant observation in the space of the organization, and interviews as well as informal conversations with the members and recipients of the Solidarity Association. By analyzing their discourses introduced in the thesis through ethnographic stories, I claim that the interplay between precarious labor and precarious life transforms the organization into a space of silence. I suggest that this deadening of life should not only be seen as an outcome of the long period of living under harsh conditions, but also as one of the factors which brings the organization into dissolution. By looking at the disintegration of the Solidarity Association, I discuss that its solidarian culture turns into a philanthropic one due to individualistic behaviors which I argue are one of the outcomes of people’s precarious living. This thesis focuses more on what precarity does rather on what it is and it should be seen as a contribution to the understanding of the influence that precarity has on an organization placed in the context of contemporary austerity-ridden Greece. 

  • Ali, Nina Pari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Credit granting in the Swedish unsecured loans market: Empirical testing of risk-aversion among credit managers link to tertiary education and Basel knowledge2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the relationship between tertiary education, Basel knowledge and risk-aversion in credit managers in the market for unsecured loans in Sweden. A survey was made to test these links and the sample of respondents consisted of 30 credit managers. Results showed no obvious effect of tertiary education on risk-aversion, managers ability to contravene the algorithm and the non-occurrence of default. It showed that there may be an effect of the inability to contravene the algorithm on the occurrence of ‘bad business’ and that there may be an effect of acquired tertiary education on Basel knowledge. This implies that not allowing credit managers to contravene algorithms may increase the occurrence of default. The results also imply that banks, credit institutes and regulators should take action towards improving the understanding of the Basel directive and regulations among credit managers.

  • Törnsten, Claes
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Dulma, Lejla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    In errare perseverare est diabolicum: En kvalitativ studie om motivationens påverkan på klagomålshantering i svenska försäkringsbolag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att fela är mänskligt, att framhärda i felaktighet djävulskt. Empiri visar att klagomål sällan rapporteras i svenska försäkringsbolag trots att data visar att kunderna inte är helt nöjda med tjänsternas utformning. Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är att bidra till en förklaring hur aktuell praktik inom klagomålshantering i svenska försäkringsbolag skiljer sig ifrån best practice genom att titta på motivationsfaktorer bland frontlinjeanställda.

    Vi använder oss av teoretiska perspektiv inom klagomålshantering, service recovery och Vrooms förväntansteori för motivation. En kvalitativ metod har tillämpats för att samla empiriska data från klagomålsansvariga och frontlinjeanställda genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Sedan har denna data analyserats med hjälp av en för studien konstruerad modell. Studien är abduktiv då vi jämför teorin med empirin.

    Genom studien har ett antal upptäckter gjorts. En av dessa är att anställda i frontlinjen prioriterar customer recovery på grund av en stark motivation till att genom kundmötet gemensamt skapa värde med kunden. En annan är att dessa anställda agerar som interna kunder i organisationerna och prioriterar customer recovery före process recovery på grund av otillräcklig employee recovery.

  • Holmberg, Julia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Forsblom, Karl
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Butiksdöden – myt eller verklighet?: En kvalitativ studie om vad den ökande e-handeln innebär för fysiska handelsplatser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since way back the physical retail location has been the core of retail, however it is now challenged by the emerging e-commerce. Statistics from HUI Research and the Swedish Trade Federation show that e-commerce in Sweden has experienced strong growth in recent years and is expected to rapidly increase and transform the physical retail landscape. But what does the growing e-commerce really mean for the physical stores? From what media cover in the news we get the impression that the consequences of increased e-commerce result in a death of physical retail stores. A number of researchers argue that the consequences are instead rather an increased integration of e-commerce and commerce in physical stores. From the pre-study we conducted there was an indication that the discussion of what the increasing e-commerce entails for the physical stores lacks an approach consisting of an empirical perspective. The purpose of the study was thus to supplement current research through a qualitative study that applies an empirical approach and investigates what the increasing e-commerce entails for the physical stores. We did this by interviewing real estate property owners and retail players within the retail sector. The result of the study shows that there is reason to believe that the physical stores will be affected the more the e-commerce grows. Digital and physical commerce will be integrated even more, and property owners' strategies change to ensure that their real estate remain attractive when e-commerce grows rapidly and the market transforms. 

  • Rundgren, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Chang Rundgren, Shu-Nu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Aiming for responsible and competent citizenship through teacher professional development on teaching socioscientific inquiry-based learning (SSIBL)2018In: Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, ISSN 1609-4913, Vol. 19, no 2, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve the goal of scientific literacy for responsible citizenship, the importance of developing students' socioscientific inquiry-based learning (SSIBL) has been recognised by an EU FP7 project, PARRISE, including the essential notions of responsible research and innovation (RRI), and citizenship education (CE). The study aims to investigate pre-service primary science teachers' confidence in and need for further education on teaching SSIBL as well as their reflections -in and -on a three-step model SSIBL activity. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were applied in the study. Quantitative methods were applied to collect data from the 76 participating pre-service primary science teachers in Sweden; participants' confidence and need for SSIBL teaching was investigated via a Likert scale questionnaire. The qualitative descriptive analysis method was used to explore participants' reflection-on-action regarding the three-step SSIBL activity and the SSIBL framework. Thematic analyses were applied to analyse the participants' reflection-in-action concerning the design of the three-step SSIBL activity with three aspects of PCK. The results showed that the pre-service teachers had confidence in SSIBL, but still needed further education on SSIBL teaching. The outcomes of the study suggest that developing teachers' SSIBL teaching competence is important and needed from both of the researchers' points of view and the participating teachers' feedback.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-11 10:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskaps hus, Stockholm
    Höpner, Friederike
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
    Multiple perspectives on absorbing aerosols over the northern Indian Ocean and Asia2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aerosol particles in the atmosphere scatter and absorb solar radiation, and thereby affect the Earth's energy budget, but the magnitude of the overall radiative effect due to aerosol-radiation interactions is uncertain. In particular, the impact of absorbing aerosol particles, mainly black carbon (BC), organic carbon and dust, is not completely understood. A large variety of absorbing aerosols can be found in Asia and over adjacent oceans due to huge urban, biomass burning and desert areas. This thesis focuses on the investigation of atmospheric aerosols over the northern Indian Ocean and Asia from multiple perspectives. This includes surface and vertical observations of physical and chemical particle properties by in-situ and remote sensing instruments as well as an investigation of the representation of absorbing aerosols in general circulation models. One main focus is on the identification of BC-containing particles at the marine remote Maldives Climate Observatory in Hanimaadhoo (MCOH) which is frequently influenced by continental air masses containing anthropogenic aerosols. During an intensive field campaign, vertical measurements of aerosol particles were performed with a Lidar and unmanned aerial vehicles. Elevated layers of absorbing aerosol above the marine boundary layer were found frequently when air masses had their source over the northern Indian Peninsula. However, determining a complete profile of particle absorption only from Lidar measurements is linked to high uncertainties. Long-term surface measurements of particle absorption and scattering together with observations of aerosol chemical composition at MCOH are used to evaluate purely optical methods for aerosol characterization. These optical methods are found to give reasonable estimates of particle types but they can not replace detailed chemical measurements. An additional comparison study of various instruments for determination of BC mass give potentially very diverse results, highlighting the complexity of the quantification of BC-containing particles. The investigation of the representation of absorbing aerosols over Asia in general circulation models reveals firstly that the particle absorption is generally underestimated in global climate models, and secondly that the range in aerosol absorption determined from major changes of emissions, meteorology and particle optical properties can not reach the large inter-model diversity. 

  • Public defence: 2019-10-11 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Menéndez Hurtado, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Structured Learning for Structural Bioinformatics: Applications of Deep Learning to Protein Structure Prediction2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Proteins are the basic molecular machines of the cell, performing a broad range of tasks, from structural support to catalysisof chemical reactions. Their function is determined by their 3D structure, which in turn is dictated by the order of their components, the amino acids.

    This thesis is dedicated to applications of machine learning to the problems of contact prediction, ab-initio, and model quality assessment. In particular, my research has been focused on developing methods that are both effective, and easy to use.

    In the first paper, we improved the already state-of-the-art model quality assessment (MQA) program ProQ3 replacing the underlying machine learning algorithm from svm to Deep Learning, baptised ProQ3D. The correlation between predicted and true scores was improved from 0.85 to 0.90, using the same training data and features.

    The second paper joined several programs into a single pipeline for ab-initio structure prediction: contact prediction,folding, and model selection. We attempted to predict the structures of all 6379 PFAM families with unknown structure, ofwhich 558 we believe to be accurate. Of these, 415 had not been reported before.

    The third paper uses advances in machine learning to build a contact predictor, PconsC4, that is fast and easy to deployin large-scale studies, since it requires a single Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA), and no external dependencies. The predictions are state-of-the-art, yielding a 12% improvement in precision over PconsC3, and 244 times faster.

    With ProQ4, in the fourth paper, we introduce a novel way of training deep networks for MQA in a way that minimises the bias of the training data, and emphasises model ranking, and demonstrate its viability with a minimal description ofthe protein. The ranking correlation was improved with respect to ProQ3D from 0.82 to 0.90.

    Lastly, in the fifth paper, weshow the results of ProQ3D and ProQ4 in a completely blind test: CASP13.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-11 09:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Johansson, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Lära historia genom källor: Undervisning och lärande av historisk källtolkning i grundskolan och gymnasieskolan2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis is concerned with how students learn historical source interpretation and the design of facilitating teaching practices. Source interpretation is at the core of historians’ professional practice and, while being a key aspect of historical learning, it is sometimes misunderstood or misrepresented in history teaching. To better understand these issues two educational design research field studies were conducted in middle and upper secondary schools to explore how students learn historical source interpretation. The historical content in upper secondary school concerned the process of democratisation in Sweden, while the middle school content was the Viking Age. Source materials in upper secondary school included various text sources, while archaeological artefacts were used in middle school.

    The research object was historical source interpretation, or the ability to understand the meaning of sources in relation to the historical questions and contexts formulated and dealt with in history teaching. Source interpretation is one element of the ability to reason historically. It is a theoretical construct that has a heuristic function along with the development of historical consciousness. Four research questions are addressed: i) What do middle and upper secondary school students know when they have developed the ability to reason historically when engaged in source interpretation, ii) What are critical aspects of learning to reason historically when engaged in source interpretation, iii) What are similarities and differences between middle and upper secondary school students' learning of historical reasoning in source interpretation, and iv) How can history teaching facilitate the learning of historical reasoning through source interpretation?

    An interventionist and theory-informed research methodology, in the form of learning study, was used to develop teaching practices while generating empirical data. A compilation of four peer-reviewed articles simultaneously contribute knowledge to the practice of history teaching and to the theory of history didactics. Two articles address the first two questions of the qualitative meaning of learning source interpretation using phenomenography and variation theory to analyse students' perceptions and to identify the critical aspects of discernment that students must learn. From the perspective of variation theory, it is argued that learning source interpretation can be regarded as obtaining differentiated ways of seeing, as previous experiences are supplemented with more complex perceptions.

    The third question is addressed by comparing students’ developing of source interpretation skills in middle and upper secondary school. One finding of the comparison is that younger students’ learning reflects an increasing understanding of what history is, whereas older students learn to use the disciplinary tools and methods of history. Two articles address the final question regarding the role of teaching by combining content-based conversation analysis with variation theory to analyse students' learning processes when working with source interpretation tasks. It is argued that students’ preunderstandings can be regarded and used as resources in teaching and learning. Finally, seven design principles are suggested to guide teachers in organising their teaching practice. These include motivating historical research through source work and activating historical consciousness through sources.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-11 10:00 De Geer salen, Geovetenskapens hus, Hus Y, plan 2, Stockholm
    Fast Lappalainen, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Om skyddet mot retroaktiv beskattning: En studie i konstitutionell rätt2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What kind of protection exists concerning retroactive taxation? The purpose of this study is to examine the overall protection against retroactive taxation in Swedish law, including the European Convention on Human Rights and European Union law. Furthermore the study aims to clarify the interpretive aspects of the problem of retroactivity. The methods used are a combination of critical legal positivism and interpretivism.

        The protection against retroactive taxation in Swedish law is regulated at the constitutional level in the Instrument of Government, Chapter 2 § 10 sec. 2, which has been in force since 1980. The protection is not absolute as there are two exceptions. The first exception is used regularly and allows for a special legislative procedure where the government, through a written communication to the parliament, issues an authoritative forewarning that a retroactive change in the tax law is to be expected. This has created a system of “prospective retroactivity”, where taxpayers are able to foresee, to a certain degree, the situations to which the written communication procedure will apply. The second exception regards the use of retroactive tax legislation in times of war or severe economic crisis, but has never been used. This constitutional provision provides for a rigorous protection against retroactive taxation, but is limited in scope. It only concerns legislative acts by the parliament and the government and the protection mainly concerns retroactivity, not retrospectivity. The Swedish model as a whole appears to be compatible with the human rights protection laid down in the European Convention of Human Rights as well as European Union law.

        Nevertheless, an active principle-based protection in other areas outside the scope of the constitutional provision seems desirable in order to achieve a more effective protection against retroactive taxation throughout the whole legal system.

        The study suggests that the concept of retroactivity is an interpretive concept and that the foremost solution to problems of retroactivity is through the balancing of supporting and competing principles or policies. The dichotomy of retroactive and retrospective, that is commonly referred to in legal practice is thus rejected, since it cannot provide for an assessment of what is at stake for the individual.

        A model for the interpretation of the protection against retroactive taxation based on the principle of proportionality is presented in the study. The principle of proportionality is at the forefront in this respect with its different aspects; legitimacy, necessity, suitability and proportionality stricto sensu. The principle of human dignity is proposed as being decisive regarding the legitimacy of a retroactive interference. Delimiting principles such as the principle of necessity and the principle of the abuse of law are also discussed as a means of justifying retroactive interference. The model has been developed according to the results of a study of the overall protection against retroactive taxation, especially the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union as well as interpretivist theories.

        The study also discusses the need for clear strategies for the legislator as well as the courts and the tax authorities on how to avoid retroactivity and achieve reasonable transitions, and includes various proposals in this regard.

  • Ström, Anni-Ruffina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Hypervisibility of Lesbians in Japan through the Analysis ofFuji TV’s Drama Series Transit Girls (2015)2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carretta, Silvia A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Blockchain challenges to copyright: Revamping the online music industry2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Azimi, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Elmir, Azzeddine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nyanländ i svenska skolan - en fallstudie: Från kartläggning till förberedelse till reguljär klass2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People are increasingly moving from one country to another, whether it be because of searching for new opportunities to work and study, or less voluntary movements such as fleeing wars and oppression. Upon arrival they become part of a structure in the receiving country, designed to facilitate their integration into the new country. Our study reflects voices from practitioners inside this receiving structure, in an attempt to elucidate some of the opportunities and challenges emerging inside the educational environment and processes concerning newly arrived students. Our contribution to the growing body of research is the case study presented here, in which we interviewed professionals who in some capacity affect the newly arrived students and their time in a school with which we are familiar, as we ourselves work at this school.

    Data was gathered in the form of semi-structured interviews conducted with individuals from several tiers of the structure surrounding newly arrived students, from a study counsellor to teachers working directly with students. Results from our findings are analyzed within the socio-cultural perspective, with emphasis on identifying obstacles and our theories on how to overcome them. Our informants expressed both strong commitments to fulfil newly arrived student needs as well as perceived deficits in knowledge and ability to do so.

  • Chong, Ting-Fung
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Mineralogy and petrology of a drill core section from Borg, SW Norrköping – fracture fillings and tentative mineral reactions2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During drilling at Borg, ca. 5 km southwest of central Norrköping, an unidentified fine-grained grey rock was encountered in contact with dark red granitic gneiss at 35m depth. The fine-grained grey rock occurs above the red granitic gneiss. Our understanding prior to testing is that the rock may have been formed by fluid alteration of a mafic rock, as neither metamorphic nor sedimentary textures were observed. Understanding this rock and the formation processes related to it, is of interest for the general understanding of the region and of geotechnical importance since fracture fillings may affect the stability of the rock during and after construction projects. This study uses the methods petrography, XRD and XRF to define the fine-grained mafic rock, black vein in the fine-grained mafic rock, the contact zone and the granitic gneiss. Results show that the fine-grained grey rock has a composition of muscovite (36.1%), quartz (24.6%), albite (20.8%), sericite (10.8) and montmorillonite (0.5%). The contact is mainly made of quartz veins and calcite veins. The protolith of the fine-grained mafic rock is suggested to be iron-rich. Further testing on additional unaltered mafic rock samples from the area would provide a more accurate picture of the protolith evolution.

  • Wälchli, Bernhard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    'As long as’, 'until' and 'before' clauses: Zooming in on linguistic diversity2019In: Baltic Linguistics, ISSN 2081-7533, Vol. 9, p. 141-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates 'before', 'until' and 'as long as' clauses in the Baltic languages in their wider areal and genealogical context in a sample of 72 modern and ancient doculects of European and Indo-European languages. In a bottom-up construction of the semantic map of 'before', 'until' and 'as long as' connectors from parallel text data, a fourth cluster intermediate between 'before' and 'until' with negative main clauses is identified. The typology resulting from the different overlaps of clusters locates Baltic languages in an intermediate zone between Western, Eastern, and Northern European languages. This goes hand-in-hand with a high diversity of Baltic languages in their typology of 'before', 'until' and 'as long as' clauses. The temporal connectors found in Baltic varieties can be classified according to whether they originate from strategies expressing temporal identity (simultaneity) or non-identity (non-simultaneity). Many connectors in Baltic derive from correlative constructions and originally express identity, but can then shift from simultaneity towards posteriority as they gradually lose their association with correlative constructions. Since temporal clauses are never atemporal and are hence incompatible with permanent states and since negation often expresses permanent states, negation—a marker of non-identity—is prone to develop non-polarity functions in 'before' and 'until' clauses. The Baltic and Slavic languages are rich in various kinds of expanded negation (translation equivalents in other languages lack negation) and expletive negation (negation does not have the function of expressing negative polarity) in 'before' and 'until' clauses. However, indefinite negative pronouns often retain their negative semantic value when standard negation in temporal clauses is expanded and semantically bleached.

  • Carlhed Ydhag, Carina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Understanding the complexity in measuring student progression in European higher education2019In: The Hungarian Educational Research Journal, ISSN 0309-7846, E-ISSN 2064-2199, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 063Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to analyze student progression in European higher education (HE) using Sweden and UK as countries of reference. It presents and problematizes common ways to measure student progression (e.g., rates of dropout, completion, and retention), distinguishing between institutional departures or system departures, and the implications of the timing of the measurement, hence focusing on early and late leavers. The article also discusses general rates of student progression in different countries and the reasons for dropping out, revealing what lies behind the dropout statistics. Finally, the article also includes a critical questioning of the interests and intentions behind the data production. The article offers an orientation among the multiple definitions and measurements of student progression in HE. It deals with the value of measurements and alternative ways of measuring student progression, and with the implications for further studies on dropout and completion rates, which are politically contested issues.

  • Harrison, Joseph
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Exploring educational attainment by immigrant background: An analysis of PISA data in six OECD countries2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bengtsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Tidigkristen diet: En XRF-analys av strontium på skelettmaterial från Varnhems gårdskyrka2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study 31 individuals from an early christian cemetery in Varnhem, Sweden and through the use of XRF, study the strontium concentrations and the strontium to calcium ratios in bone and use that as an indicator for diet. The material consists of femurs and teeth and through analyzing this I will compare previous dietary studies using stable carbon, nitrogene and sulphur isotope analyses to see wether quantitative strontium analysis can be used as a way to study diet in prehistoric societies. The conclusion is that XRF is not as thorough as an isotope study but it provides a general knowledge of what the population has been eating where we can determine which individuals has had diet consisting of more meat or terrestrial plants.

  • Olofsson, Jonas K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    Sandöy, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Larsson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    Ekström, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
    Incongruent odors suppress perceptual categorization of visual objects2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During multisensory experiences, visual stimuli typically suppress non-visual stimuli. Such ”visual dominance” effects might stem from inhibition across sensory systems. Does visual dominance generalize to odor-visual pairings? We developed a categorization task (fruits vs flowers) with congruent and incongruent odor-picture pairings and a delayed auditory response target that informed about categorization modality (olfactory vs visual). We investigated behavioral and cortical (ERP) responses. For congruent pairings, we found better accuracy for visual decisions. However, for incongruent pairings, we insteadobserved faster RTs for olfactory decisions. Incongruent olfactory stimuli thus interfere more with visualdecisions than vice versa. Our ERP results from auditory targets on incongruent trials gave supporting evidence of olfactory suppression over visual perception; higher P300 amplitudes were more strongly correlated with faster RTs during visual categorization. A late “slow wave” ERP effect had later onset andlonger latency during visual vs olfactory decisions. This indicates that in order to rapidly and successfully categorize visual stimuli (and ignore incongruent odors), participants need to allocate additional attentional and working memory resources. In sum, both behavioral and ERP effects suggest a higher level of interference from incongruent olfactory, compared to visual, input. These findings suggest that asymmetric inhibition across sensory systems is a fruitful way of studying sensory dominance, and that olfactory stimuli can dominate visual stimuli, refuting the general notion of ”visual dominance”.

  • Hörberg, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Larsson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    Olofsson, Jonas K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
    The semantic organization of the English odor vocabulary2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most people find it difficult to name familiar odors. Many languages, including English, lack a vocabulary devoted to describing odor qualities (compared to, e.g., a color term vocabulary), and little is known about the vocabulary used to describe odors. Attempts to establish “primary odor descriptors” have been unsuccessful. To date, research on odor vocabulary has rarely been done from a data-driven, empirical perspective.

    We present a study on the semantic organization of odor vocabulary, based on the distribution of words in olfactory and gustatory contexts, using a three-billion-word corpus of written English. Using a data-driven, computational linguistic approach developed in our lab, we quantify terms with respect to the degree of olfactory-semantic content they convey. We then derive the semantic organization of the top 200 olfactory-related terms, using a distributional-semantic word vector model, which represent semantic distances as multidimensional vector distances. The model is trained on olfactory and gustatory contexts, using the word2vec neural network implementation. Based on the semantic distances, we then use dimensionality reduction and clustering techniques (i.e., PCA and hierarchical clustering) to derive a 3-dimensional, corpus-based semantic space, and six principal descriptor clusters.

    Using distances based on the Draveneiks odor-term ratings data set, we also derive a semantic space with six specific clusters for the Draveneiks terms. The organization and clustering of our corpus-based semantic space match with the ratings-based semantic space, thereby showing the viability of our corpus-based approach. Based on our corpus-based data, we finally propose a novel domain-general odor term taxonomy (i.e., a domain-general odor wheel) that captures the dimensions and clusters identified in our analyses.

  • Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.
    Expectation-based processing of grammatical functions in Swedish2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much research indicate that language processing is expectation-based, drawing on statistical patterns in the input (MacDonald 2013). In this talk, I present evidence for this idea from experimental and corpus-based studies on the comprehension and production of grammatical functions (GFs) in Swedish transitive sentences. The preferred word order in such sentences is SVO. However, Swedish also allows for OVS word ordering, with the object placed sentence-initially and the subject post-verbally. Since the NP argument GFs of such sentences may not be correctly determined from the sentence constituent order (i.e., NPs and verb), they are potentially ambiguous. They can therefore be costly to comprehend when the initial NP lacks case marking. In such cases, comprehenders need to revise their initial sentence interpretation as subject-initial upon encountering the disambiguating post-verbal subject NP (Hörberg et al. 2013).

    However, corpus-based and typological research shows that GFs correlate with prominence-based (e.g., animacy and definiteness) and verb-semantic (e.g., volitionality) information, both in the frequency distributions in language use within individual languages (e.g., Bouma 2008), and the grammatical encoding of GFs across languages (e.g., Aissen 2003), creating complex statistical regularities in the distribution of  prominence-based, morphosyntactic and verb-semantic properties. These properties and their interplay may be utilized during encoding and decoding of GFs in production and comprehension in order to overcome potential ambiguity problems.

    I will present results from a corpus study of written Swedish investigating the distribution of these properties in subject-initial, object-initial and passive sentences. I will argue that writers tend to balance their use of these properties in order to avoid GF ambiguities. In particular, writers less frequently use OVS sentences when other morphosyntactic or animacy-based information about GFs are unavailible (Hörberg 2018). In such cases, writers more frequently use the unambiguous passive construction.

    I will then present an expectation-based model of processing difficulty during incremental GF assignment in Swedish transitive sentences, based upon the statistical regularities observed in the corpus data (Hörberg 2016). Processing difficulty is quantified as the on-line change in the expectation of a particular GF assignment (subject- or object-initial) upon encountering the properties of a constituent (e.g., NP2) with respect to the previously encountered properties (e.g., NP1 and verb(s)) in terms of Bayesian surprise.

    I will finally provide empirical evidence for this expectation-based model on the basis of a self-paced reading experiment, testing some of the most prominent model predictions. Here, by-region reading times converged with the region-specific Bayesian surprise predicted by the model. For example, NP2 reading times in ambiguous OVS sentences were mitigated when NP1 animacy and its interaction with verb class bias towards an object-initial word order.

    These findings provide evidence for the expectation-based account in that they indicate that language users are sensitive to statistical regularities in their language during both production and comprehension of GFs. During production, writers seem to balance their use of morphosyntactic and prominence-based cues to GFs in a manner that accommodates comprehension. During comprehension, incremental GF assignment draws upon statistical regularities in the distribution of morphosyntactic, prominence-based and verb-semantic properties.

  • Sundell, Knut
    et al.
    Eklund, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Ferrer-Wreder, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stability and Change in Patterns of Adolescent Antisocial Behavior2019In: Journal for Person-Oriented Research, ISSN 2002-0244, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research examining relations between various types of antisocial behavior (ASB) have generally been based on cross-sectional data. Although there is a strong correlation between types of ASB, it has been less common to examine how patterns of adolescents’ problems vary over time. This study used a person-oriented approach to examine patterns of ASB in adolescents longitudinally and also investigated how these patterns were associated with three outcomes. The sample con-sisted of 778 Swedish adolescents in grade 7 (13 years old) followed over time to grade 9. Patterns of ASB were identified based on adolescent-reported tobacco and alcohol use, truancy, bullying in school, and delinquency. The outcomes were drug use, depressive symptoms, and missing grades in grade 9. Results revealed an escalation in the frequency and seriousness of ASB over time, although the largest single cluster over time evidenced no ASB. One cluster in particular increased the risk of drug use, depression, and missing grades at grade 9. Results are discussed in relation to school-based prevention efforts.

  • Järnefelt, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Nog är ju viktigt: The role of modal particles nog and ju in responsibility attribution in L1 and L2 speakers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether advanced adult L2 speakers comprehend the subtle linguistic cues that modal particles entail and seek to find if modal particles affect them in their responsibility attribution. Two groups of advanced L2 speakers of Swedish were tested; one group of L1 German speakers and one group of L1 English speakers. In an experiment that investigated responsibility attribution, participants read short stories that were manipulated with the modal particles nog and ju, to see if the use of these modal particles affected how they attributed  responsibility to a character in the short story. The L2 learners were tested to see if L1 background affects the L2 acquisition of modal particles. A control group of native Swedish speakers were also tested. As an exploratory and complementary measure, reading times were recorded for the critical sentences modified with ju and nog. The results show a main effect of group and a main effect of condition, but no interaction between the two. However, upon closer inspections of the numerical values in the groups, possible trends and curious directions are seen. The results yielded no significant differences between groups and conditions, and are presented as possible trends, and discussed. Contrary to the hypotheses, these trends are indicative of the English speakers being affected by the modal particles in the way that natives were expected to, while Germans showed a pattern that was different from native speakers. The results show no significant differences for the different conditions in the native control group. The results show no support for L1 transfer facilitation in the acquisition of modal particles.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-04 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Quaranta, Alessandro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Development and application of alternative methods for profiling proteins N-glycosylation2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Glycosylation is a post-translational modification (PTM) that exerts profound structural and functional effects on the modified protein. Glycan synthesis and conjugation to proteins are regulated by a myriad of factors, both genetic and environmental, and are also influenced by external stressors. Glycosylation patterns are known to vary in correlation to a large number of diseases; therefore, it is possible to study such alterations to identify reliable biomarkers and help elucidate mechanisms underlying the disease. For these reasons, the development of analytical methods able to investigate the glycosylation of proteins in complex samples and to measure and characterize disease-related alterations is of great importance.

    In this thesis, the development and application of rapid and small-scale methods for the analysis of the glycosylation pattern on specific proteins in biological fluids, with a high degree of automation and potential for parallel sample treatment, is presented.

    Paper I illustrates a profiling method based on a microfluidic compact disc (CD) and its application to humans serum samples. The workflow integrated all the sample preparation steps, allowing a high degree of automation and sample treatment parallelization, significantly reducing the required processing time. In Paper II, a bead-based procedure for the immunoaffinity extraction of selected proteins from complex biological matrices was developed. This procedure improved and extended the applicability of the microfluidic CD method, increasing the flexibility and maintaining a good potential for automation. Paper III included a derivatization procedure in the bead-based methodology, to stabilize sialic acids for matrix-assisted lased desorption/ionization (MALDI) and to discriminate between connectivity isomers. Additionally, the method was applied to different biological fluids in order to highlight interpersonal variations of glycosylation. To increase the sample throughput, the method was scaled to a multi-wells format in Paper IV and subsequently applied to the investigation of alterations in the glycosylation pattern correlated to Alzheimer’s disease.

    Papers V and VI focus on applications based on electrospray ionization (ESI). In Paper V, a source for paper spray ionization (PSI) was modified to create a new set-up to extend the applicability of this mass spectrometry (MS) technique to large biomolecules. It was possible to measure intact proteins, identifying many glycoforms together with other PTMs, as well as to characterize released glycans, performing structural analysis by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). In Paper VI ESI-MS and the bead-based sample preparation method developed in Papers II, III, and IV were used for quantification of various glycoforms of intact proteins. Additionally, a travelling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) MS/MS method was developed to structurally characterize the related N-glycans after enzymatic release.

    The methods proposed in this thesis show valid approaches, which could be applied to investigate alterations of glycosylation at different levels, with potential implementation for biomarker investigation and development.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-04 09:30 Vivi Täckholmssalen (Q-salen), Stockholm
    Salgado, Marco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences. Stockholm University.
    The actinorhizal plant Datisca glomerata: interpreting its symbiotic adaptations by omics-based comparisons with model and non-model organisms2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nitrogen is the element that most often limits plant growth and development. Common agricultural practices rely on the application of large quantities of industrially-produced nitrogen fertilizer, which poses a worldwide environmental threat. Sustainable agriculture encourages the use of biologically fixed nitrogen. However, access to this is still limited to a restricted group of dicotyledonous plants that share among them the ability to form a root nodule symbiosis. After an intricate molecular dialogue, these plants accommodate in the cells of a newly root-derived organ - the nodule - a class of bacteria that produce the nitrogenase enzyme by which they are able to reduce di-nitrogen from air to bioavailable ammonia. This mutualism allows the plant access to nitrogen in exchange for carbon. This thesis focuses particularly on the actinorhizal symbioses established between the North American plant Datisca glomerata (Datiscaceae, Cucurbitales) and Frankia actinobacteria from cluster II (Frankiaceae, Frankiales).

    The main aim of this thesis was to improve our understanding about the genetic basis underlying the evolution of root nodule symbioses. Genome-wide comparative analysis indicated that the loss or fragmentation of genes coding for Nodule Inception (NIN) and/or Rhizobium-directed Polar Growth was a major event for the loss of nodulation in close relatives of plants that are able to form a root nodule symbiosis. To acquire more information about the requirements in plant adaptations to meet a symbiosis with Frankia cluster II strains, the nodule transcriptome of D. glomerata was compared with that of Ceanothus thyrsiflorus (Rhamnaceae, Rosales). This study suggested that cluster II Frankia strains use lipochitooligosaccharide Nod factors to signal to their host plants. In addition, it suggested that the nitrogen metabolism likely differs between these symbioses: while transcript profiles from nodules of D. glomerata supports pathways for arginine catabolism, which was previously suggested, those from nodules of C. thyrsiflorus support pathways for asparagine biosynthesis. Since nodules of both plants house Frankia strains from cluster II, the differences in nitrogen metabolism are most likely a feature of the host plant and not of the bacterial symbiont.

    As part of an approach to establish D. glomerata as a model organism for actinorhizal Cucurbitales, the effects of phytohormones towards expression of genes putatively involved in signaling for nodule development were investigated. In D. glomerata, similarly to legume plants, the phytohormones cytokinin and auxin were proposed to play a central role in nodule development as they exert a positive effect on the expression of NIN as well as on that of genes whose promoters are presumably transactivated by NIN.

    Furthermore, transporter proteins expressed in nodules of D. glomerata and of Casuarina glauca (Casuarinaceae, Fagales), which probably act in supplying C-metabolites to intracellular Frankia, were characterized for their substrate specificity. Results indicated that citrate, and not malate, might be the C-metabolite supplied to both Candidatus Frankia datiscae Dg1 and Frankia casuarinae CcI3 strains in symbiosis.

    To explore the option of D. glomerata-mediated control towards its microsymbiont, a nodule-specific defensin-like peptide was characterized (DgDef1). Whereas DgDef1 acts as an antimicrobial peptide against Gram-negative strains in a range compatible with a role in symbiosis, no differentiation was shown in assays with the Gram-positive Streptomyces coelicolor. Nonetheless, DgDef1 induced changes in membrane integrity of the legume symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 as well as in its transcription profile, e.g., on transcription of genes associated with dicarboxylate uptake. Thus, a role for DgDef1 in acting against ineffective microsymbionts is suggested. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that actinorhizal nodule-specific defensins and legume nodule-specific cysteine-rich peptides share a common origin, which in an evolutionary scenario of symbiont shift leads to the hypothesis that these peptides have been lost in most legumes lineages.

    Collectively, the data presented in this thesis support the idea that root nodule symbioses share more mechanisms than previously assumed, e.g., in the defense against ineffective microsymbionts (“bacterial cheaters”), supporting the new paradigm that the common ancestor of legumes and actinorhizal plants had evolved a symbiosis that was later lost in most lineages.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-04 10:00 Reinholdsalen, Juristernas hus, Stockholm
    Dane, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Den reglerade invandringen och barnets bästa: Barns rätt till familjeliv och privatliv enligt barnkonventionen, Europakonventionen, EU-rätten och svensk utlänningslagstiftning2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the principle of the best interests of the child and the right to private and family life in relation to the societal interest of controlling immigration. The aim of the thesis is to contribute to ensuring more predictable and transparent legislation and decision-making.

    States, generally, have the right to control immigration. At the same time, a child’s right to family and private life is a human right – regulated, for example, by the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child, the European Convention on Human Rights and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. This means that states can only restrict these rights when such interference is justified. In migration cases concerning private and family life, an assessment therefore must be made as to whether a decision to refuse residence is proportional. When a child is affected by such a decision, the child's best interests must be carefully assessed and taken into consideration. 

    This thesis examines what is legally required of a correct decision in migration cases concerning a child’s right to private and family life. Particular attention is given to those requirements imposed on lawmakers and legal actors by the public law principles of legality, objectivity and proportionality, as well as the duty to give reasoned decisions. This thesis charts the development and foundations of Swedish migration law including those requirements arising from EU and public international law. The focus thereafter is more specifically on the assessments made balancing the interests of children's rights and immigration control.

    Whether a restriction of the right to private and family life is proportionate is determined by the specific circumstances in the individual case. However, the research conducted demonstrates that there is a lack of guidance concerning which circumstances Swedish legal actors can and should consider, as well as the weight that should be attributed to the considered circumstances. The interest of immigration control is particularly ambiguous. The thesis identifies four types of circumstances that the Swedish lawmaker appears to suggest legal actors consider within this interest; (a) public order and security, (b) maintenance and enforcement of immigration control, (c) national economic well-being (including number of migrants), and (d) protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

    Lack of clear guidance is problematic, particularly in light of the principles of legality, objectivity and proportionality, as the outcomes of cases depend on what individual legal actors choose to consider. Vague guidance on what constitutes relevant circumstances may also contribute to the problem of poorly formulated decisions as identified in previous research. In order to increase the probability of legal actors rendering more correct decisions – on the basis of applicable law – a five-step model is presented: (1) identifying private and/or family life (2) identifying the child's best interests (3) identifying the underlying motivations linked to the interest of immigration control (4) listing the arguments for and against granting residence in Sweden and (5) determining which interests should prevail.

    The thesis concludes with a number of recommendations aimed mainly at lawmakers that could contribute to strengthening children's rights and increasing adherence to the rule of law in migration cases concerning children's right to private and family life.

  • Public defence: 2019-10-04 14:00 William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Stockholm
    Olsson, Jonna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Work, wealth, and well-being: Essays in macroeconomics2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

        Structural transformation of the labor market and the aggregate economy

    Women's increased involvement in the economy has been the most significant change in labor markets during the past century. In this paper, I account for this period of structural change of the labor market in a macroeconomic model, and study how the increase in female labor force participation has affected the economy's response to aggregate shocks. I explicitly model heterogeneity in gender and household composition as well as the historical decrease of the gender wage gap. The model captures the salient features of historical data, including a strong increase in employment among married women, low crowding-out of married men, and relatively stable employment over time for single women. I then study how the changing labor force composition affects the economy's aggregate employment dynamics. The underlying trend in employment, driven by growth in female labor force participation, contributed to the perceived quick employment recovery after recessions before 1990. In general, incorporating both one- and two-person households matters for employment dynamics, with single households reacting more strongly to shocks and employment responses by subgroups changing over time.

     

    Labor supply in a quantitative heterogeneous-agent model

    Since long, the labor-supply channel has played a central role in macroeconomic analysis. Nevertheless, it has almost exclusively focused on representative-agent behavior. The aim of this paper is to examine frameworks that are significantly richer in terms of heterogeneity and uncertainty, and assess whether the predictions yielded by the starker frameworks are robust to these extensions.

     

    Subjective life expectancies, time preference heterogeneity and wealth inequality

    There is substantial heterogeneity in statistical and perceived life expectancy in the population. In this paper we document a systematic bias in survival beliefs: individuals with low survival probability relative to their peers underestimate their life expectancies, while individuals with high survival probability overestimate. To gauge the effect of heterogeneity in life expectancy on savings rates and ultimately wealth inequality, we introduce shocks to survival beliefs into an otherwise standard overlapping-generations model. We show that such a model exhibits counter-factual savings behavior as individuals increase their savings when their life expectancy drops. Nevertheless, overall wealth inequality in the economy is virtually unaffected by heterogeneity in survival beliefs, contrary to previous literature.

     

    Health dynamics and heterogeneous life expectancies

    In this paper, we provide improved estimates for age-dependent health transitions and survival probabilities for different subsamples of the US population. The estimated yearly transition matrices can be used in any life-cycle model where health and survival dynamics is of interest. The results show substantial heterogeneity in life expectancy in the population. For a 70-year-old man in excellent health, the probability of reaching his 80th birthday is around 75%, while the corresponding probability for a man in poor health is just below 40%.

      

  • Emelie, Lundin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    En förskollärarutbildning på neurovetenskaplig grund: Den neurovetenskapliga disciplinens relevans för utbildningspraktiken2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie är att undersöka vilken kunskap som framträder i sammanförandet mellan neurovetenskap och utbildning, samt vilken neurovetenskaplig kunskap som kan tänkas anföras till utbildning för lärare och/eller utbildningspraktiker. Utifrån resultatet av analysen framträder det att innebörden av begreppen neuroplasticitet, ohälsosam stress, interaktioner likväl scientific literacy kan vara av vikt för förskollärare att få en djupare neurovetenskaplig förståelse för. Slutsatsen visar delvis på att om innebörden av dessa begrepp ska införas i den svenska förskollärarutbildningen är det av stor vikt att de ställs i relation till konkreta exempel i förskolans praktik. Utifrån analysen framträder det tydligt att biologiska och miljömässiga förklaringar står i en ömsesidig dubbelriktad relation och det är just detta som belyser den potentiella förmågan lärare har att influera barns hjärna, beteende, lärande, hälsa och framtida livsbana. 

  • Linder, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Food: A Sensuous Matter of the Everyday: A sensorial exploration of material and bounded natures of mundane food practices2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines everyday food practices such as sensed by seven households in the city ofStockholm, Sweden. By sensuously exploring the acts of acquiring, preparing, cooking, eating,and wasting food, I analyze how food is a matter of olfactory, gustatory, auditory, tactile, andvisual significance, as much as matter per se. More specifically, I address relational andbounded aspects of food, looking at how ambient surroundings, presences of material andimmaterial factors, sensuously influence everyday experiences of food. Intrigued by the at onceinter-, extra-, and re-corporeal matters of food, I analytically position myself alongside Latour,Ingold, Douglas, and Bennett. In entertaining their theoretical lines of thoughts, using them asanalytical springboards, this thesis explores socio-material dimensions of food practices, as wellas corporeal dynamics of human-material encounters. Methodologically carried out by meansof sensuous ethnography, following Pink’s notion of participatory practice, I have during tenweeks of fieldwork—in people’s homes and in their frequented grocery stores—engaged mysenses to experientially sense the world of food, such as lived by them. In our conjoint sensorialexploration, taken-for-granted mundane understandings of what food constitutes and whatconstitutes it, have emerged as domestically diverse, bounded to sensuous perceptionsderivative of the past, carried out in the presents, and cor(po)related to the future. By surveyingsituated meanings of what is smelled when savored, tasted when flavored, seen when looked,and felt when touched, simultaneously as accounting for nonhuman matters salient to coursesof actions, the thesis remarks context-sensorial-imbued figurations of everyday food.

  • Zakirova Engstrand, Rano
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Westling Allodi, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Hirvikoski, Tatja
    Needs of Grandparents of Preschool-Aged Children with ASD in Sweden2019In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about needs of grandparents of young children with autism in family and community settings. This study investigated perceived needs of grandparents of preschool-aged children diagnosed with ASD in the cultural context of Sweden. Participants were 120 grandparents of children enrolled into autism intervention programs provided by the public disability services in Stockholm. The Grandparents’ Needs Survey and the SDQ Impact supplement were used to collect data. Grandparents expressed most needs in topic areas of information and childcare. No significant relations were found between grandparents’ demographics and perceptions of needs; grandparents’ needs were predicted by their perceived burden. The findings provide insight into understanding of grandparents’ needs essential for planning and provision of quality family-centered early intervention services.

  • Ilic, Ljubica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Malmqvist, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ta skammen vid hornen: Om psykoterapeuters intrapsykiska upplevelser vid prematura avslut sett ur ett psykodynamiskt relationellt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta uppsatsarbete är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med syfte att undersöka vilka intrapsykiska processer som aktiveras hos psykoterapeuter vid prematura avslut. Vidare hur dessa upplevelser påverkar psykoterapeuters privata och professionella självbilder sett ur ett affekt-, anknytnings- och objekrelationsteoretiskt perspektiv. Med en fenomenologisk och hermeneutisk ansats genomfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio legitimerade psykoterapeuter. Intervjuerna transkriberades, kodades och organiserades utifrån våra frågeställningar och teoretiska perspektiv i en teoridriven tematisk analys. Vi upptäckte att den intrapsykiska processen vid prematura avslut i huvudsak handlar om 1. upplevelse av skam och 2. skuld över att svika patienten. Efter den affektiva upplevelsen tog 3. hanteringsstrategier vid som är vårt tredje huvudtema. De hanteringsstrategier som stack ut var olika typer av undvikanden. Samtliga terapeuter upplevde ett professionellt självtvivel som i den initiala skam-fasen verkar tangera den privata självbilden. En intrapsykisk process med självkritiska tankar och känslor av att ”drabbas” som övergick i ett mer sunt självtvivel där avhoppen betraktades mer som lärotillfällen.

  • Smith, Chrissie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Är co-rumination en riskfaktor för psykisk ohälsa?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Den psykiska ohälsan hos barn och ungdomar ökar och främst ökar depression och ångestsyndrom. Co-ruminering innebär att tillsammans med andra omfattande diskutera problem utan att lösa problemen och fokus är på orsaker, konsekvenser och negativa känslor. Forskning har visat blandade resultat avseende co-rumineringens effekt på psykisk ohälsa. Det övergripande syftet med studien har varit att studera betydelsen av co-ruminering som riskfaktor för psykisk ohälsa. Studien har tittat på samband mellan samt prediktion av co-ruminering och depressiva symtom, ångest samt social ångest. Studien har också tittat på eventuella modererande effekter av kön och ruminering. Studien är av longitudinell design med 1948 ungdomar 15-20 år. Resultatet visade svaga eller inga samband mellan co-ruminering och psykisk ohälsa samt inga predicerande effekter av co-ruminering och psykisk ohälsa. Varken kön eller ruminering fungerade som moderatorer för relationen mellan co-ruminering och psykisk ohälsa. Sammantaget tyder resultaten av denna studie på att co-ruminering inte är en bidragande riskfaktor till psykisk ohälsa. Ett mer renodlat mätinstrument för co-ruminering med uppdelning av co-rumineringens positiva respektive negativa aspekter samt typ av vänskapsdyad diskuterades.

  • Jönsson Erliksson, Olivia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Social ångest på sociala medier: Svensk översättning och psykometrisk utvärdering av Social Anxiety Scale for Social Media Users2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Measurement scales are needed to facilitate further research on social anxiety in the context of social media. This study aimed to translate the Social Anxiety Scale for Social Media Users (SAS-SMU) and evaluate its psychometric properties in a Swedish sample regarding its underlying dimensions, internal consistency, converging and diverging validity. Furthermore, relationships between passive, active and total use of social media and social anxiety were explored, since previous studies have shown a tendency towards passive use. Three factors were retained for SAS-SMU with satisfactory internal consistency. SAS-SMU converged with SPIN and diverged with OCI-R, SWLS, PHQ-9 and GAD-7. However, the association between its third factor and SPIN was weaker compared to the other factors. Results indicated that higher levels of social anxiety were more strongly associated with passive use than active use, as well as longer general social media use. This is at odds with previous studies only reporting significant correlations between social anxiety and passive use of social media.

  • Yilmaz, Melis
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nordström, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att tala eller tiga: En kritisk diskursanalys av kurslitteratur som berör så kallat hedersvåld för blivande socionomer2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze the different discourses linked to so called honor related violence in course literature from term 1 through 6 during the fall of 2018 at the department of social work at Stockholm university. This due to the extensive debates on the subject that implies varied opinions from both media and the research community. To analyze the different discourses, Fairclough's critical discourse analysis is used by looking for modality, transitivity and intertextuality in the different texts. The analysis circles around three different discourses. One is the “us and them” discourse, which differentiates the Swedish ideals from “others” which are portrayed as worse. The second discourse handles “critique against polarization”, which can be connected to post colonialism that criticizes the “us and them” discourse. The third discourse is the “precautionary” discourse that can be connected to social constructionism, whereas the texts leave room for interpretation as they rarely make any certain statements. Throughout all of these discourses we also found that the perpetrator and the victim rarely is spoken of when talking honor related violence, as compared to “normal violence”, and more often structural explanations rather than individual ones were used.

  • Boström, Suzanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tanttu, Farida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hur gör vi med barnen? En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares syn på barnperspektivet inom ekonomiskt bistånd2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In previous research the lack of usage of a child perspective and child participation has been a recurring theme. The purpose of this study is to examine the usage of a child perspective within social assistance where the target group is adults and the main goal of the work is to support households to self-sufficiency. This study’s aim is to further highlight the presence of a child perspective, child participation and how social workers collaborate with other units within matters concerning children. This qualitative study has used research interviews as it’s data collecting method, the empirical material consists of interviews with six social workers who all work within one social assistance unit at a social services office. The results show the difficulties of defining what it means to practice a child perspective within one’s work. It also puts focus on the dilemma of wanting to practice a child perspective and their increased participation, versus how the respondents view their task as social workers within social assistance. The conclusions of this study further raise a question on how children's participation and a child perspective can be integrated into the practical work of social assistance.

  • Cakar, Josefin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barkho, Khaton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Makten visar sig redan vid den första foten man sätter i receptionen, då man kliver in på vår planhalva”: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare inom försörjningsstödsenheten upplever att deras yrkesroll och maktposition påverkar mötet med klienter.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study aims to examine how the social workers at the social assistance unit experience that their professional role and their position of power can have an impact on the client meeting. To be able to answer the purpose of the study, we have chosen to conduct five qualitative interviews with experienced social workers within the social assistance unit.

    The results of the study show that the social workers are limited in their work as they must relate to the organization's laws and guidelines which in turn creates a limited discretion. The results highlight limitations that may arise in the meeting and what improvements that can be made to achieve a more equal meeting. The conclusions that can be drawn from our study are that factors such as lack of time, lack of language skills and the client's knowledge of their rights and obligations can limit the meeting. We can draw the conclusions that this creates a complex professional role for the social worker as they must satisfy the client's needs but also represent the organization. We can state that the social worker’s professional role in combination with their position of power can have an impact in the client meeting.

  • Johansson, Linnea
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Poijes, Matilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Delaktighet är ju svårt”: Barns delaktighet i barnavårdsutredningar ur socialsekreterares perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how social workers within the child protective services define children’s participation and what the strategies are to achieve it. Our method was to interview six social workers about their experiences of their pursuit to make children participate during a child protection investigation. The theoretical framework we used to analyze our results was Shier’s pathways to participation. This model is based on five levels of participation, which has different degrees of participation for children. The main finding of this study was that the social workers define children participation as that they should be listen to, be informed and have the ability to choose in what way they participate. Furthermore, we can see from the social workers descriptions about their strategies and the structure of the organisation that they live up to parts of Shier’s criterias for level one, two and tree. Our results both confirm and contrast international and national studies in this field of research.

  • Cilek, Ömer
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Shahoud, William
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Maskulinitet inom socialt arbete: Manliga socionomstudenters upplevelse av att studera i en kvinnodominerad utbildning2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studying social work in Sweden is less popular among men than women. Only about one in five applicants who applied to the programme during the autumn of 2018 in Stockholm University were male, showcasing a gender imbalance. Thus, the aim of this study is to research why male social work students applied to the programme, how their environment influenced their choice, and their attitude towards working in a female dominated field. Furthermore, the study has a deductive approach where the two theories, socialization and Connells theory of masculinity, laid the groundwork for the analysis. Nine male students in Stockholm University were divided into two focus group interviews, and their discussions were later analyzed qualitatively. The empirical data was then constructed into four themes which were examined through previous research and the earlier mentioned theories. The results show that the respondents prioritize comfort and safety over status and income when choosing a profession, that they perceive important qualities in a social worker to be empathic yet assertive, that social work in general is viewed as an unclear subject which hinders others from seeing it as a viable career option and that men in social work are desirable in the labour market. 

  • Al-Tai, Sally
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bragge, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Jag är inte där för att få betalt, jag är där för att jag bryr mig” – relationsskapandets roll i socialt arbete och dess förutsättningar enligt professionella2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the definition and meaning of a relationship-based social work, and what conditions are required for the professional to manage such. Based on seven qualitative interviews with professional social workers who work with children and adolescents, a thematic analysis was conducted based on the theoretical frameworks of Symbolic Interactionism and the organisational theories of Human Service Organisations and Street-Level Bureaucracy. The main results confirm the importance of the relationship between the client and the professional according to the respondents. Role clarity and empathy through self-awareness were seen as important qualities of the professional to maintain a good relationship with the child, for whom this might lead to a sense of security through the relationship continuity. Mentioned conditions that facilitated the possibility of relationship based client work were mostly organisational variables such as time and discretion. These were variables that varied depending on the organisation that the professionals worked within, leading to a comparative discussion between the organisational conditions of social services and schools. Another theme identified was experience which seemed to matter as a personal skill. These conditions affect the professional’s ability to create and maintain relationships with the children.

  • Ahlström Söderling, Celia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    VILKEN ORGANISATION IDENTIFIERAR SIG KONSULTER MED?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att anlita konsulter i stället för att anställa egen personal blir allt vanligare på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att få inblick i vilken organisation konsulter identifierar sig med – konsultbolaget eller uppdragsgivaren. Åtta konsulter på ett konsultbolag inriktat mot offentlig sektor, i Sverige, intervjuades. Intervjuerna berörde både konsultbolagets befintliga upplägg för att öka identifikationen med bolaget samt möjliga sätt att öka denna. Även relationen mellan konsulten och uppdragsgivaren, ur konsultens synvinkel, berördes. I resultatet framkom en bild av att vid långa uppdrag på heltid så identifierar sig konsulterna generellt mer med uppdrags-givaren än med konsultbolaget. Att schemalägga en veckodag då konsulten ska vara på plats på konsultbolagets kontor framträdde som ett möjligt sätt att öka identifikationen med konsultbolaget vid långa heltidsuppdrag.

  • Matscheck, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Inst för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Piuva, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    FoU Nordväst.
    Åberg, Martin
    FoU Nordväst.
    The coordinated individual plan: - is this a solution for complex organizations to handle complex neeeds2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Karkkonen, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Kvalitet och gatekeeping inom den svenska jazzbranschen: En fallstudie om två jazzklubbsproducenters syn på kvalitet, genus och sitt eget ansvar för ökad jämställdhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Haeffner, Anton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Erstavik: Fideikommiss ur ett resursperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By examining the spicific structure of ownership associated with a fideikommiss, this study uses a geographic perspective to explain how Erstavik remain a rural-like area surrounded by urban development. The results based on questionnaire and literature search shows that laws and regulations for fideikommiss does not fully protect property within a fideikommiss from development. However, the consequences of the specific rules for fideikommiss shows to impede urban development within a fideikommiss over time. In addition, the function of the area as a large greenspace with high conservation values largely accessible for visitors, does show to be a likely explanation for the prolongation of Erstavik as a fideikommiss. By analyzing the results in a context of urban greenspace, ecosystem services and land use, previous studies on related topics are presented and compared with for an added scientific perspective. As a method to view Erstaviks fideikommiss from a resource perspective, the local municipality, county administration and landowner gives their view on todays' land use in Erstavik based on each respective agenda. Lastly, the varying meanings of a resource in a context of geography is briefly applied to each respective agenda.

  • Li, Ran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Tracking Microplastics from Artificial Football Fields to Stormwater Systems2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microplastic pollution as a global environment problem in marine systems has substantially raised public concern in recent years. In 2016, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency performed a study about potential sources and pathways of microplastics spreading to the marine environment. Microplastics from artificial turfs have been recognized as the second most important source of microplastic emission in Sweden. Between 1640 to 2460 tons per year of microplastics are estimated to be lost from artificial turfs. The lost microplastics are potentially transported to stormwater wells by runoff during rainfall events, eventually reaching marine environments. This study aims to track microplastics from artificial turfs to stormwater wells.

    Since the research of microplastic in stormwater has so far shown to be limited, field work and laboratory analysis have been developed in this study. Four artificial football fields located in Stockholm municipality were taken as sampling sites. First, pathways for microplastics from artificial turfs to stormwater were investigated. Second, the characteristics of microplastic granulates infill used in the football fields have been analyzed. Finally, stereo microscopy was used to visually identify microplastics in stormwater.

    The results showed that rainfall as a driving force of runoff process contributes to microplastics transport from artificial turfs to stormwater. During this transport process, a fraction of microplastics is captured by the soil. The size of microplastic granulates identified not only in stormwater but also in stormwater sediments is typically between 1 mm to 3 mm. Due to its limitations, stereo microscopy is quite a subjective method for identifying microplastics and thus not suitable for quantitative analysis, since microplastic particles are comparable in size to and visually difficult to differentiate from organic particles co-occurring in stormwater.

    In order to accurately quantify the amounts of microplastics transported to stormwater systems from artificial turfs, it is necessary to develop new methods for microplastics identification. This study presented an attempt in this direction, highlights its limitations, and discusses more suitable alternatives.

  • Ljubimova, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lärplattan som ett komplement till lärande i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers erfarenheter kring användningen av lärplattan i förskolan i språkutvecklingssyfte2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har vi som syfte att undersöka hur pedagoger i förskolan uppfattar användandet av lärplattan som medierande artefakt, samt om hur de använder dessa i arbetet med barns språkutveckling. För att undersöka detta har vi samlat in data genom intervjuer. Vi har använt oss av kvalitativ analysmetod för att analysera våra intervjuer.  Det empiriska materialet har sedan analyserats utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Studiens resultat visade att pedagoger bör ha kompetens och intresse för att kunna använda digitala verktyg som ett komplement till lärandet. Pedagogerna påpekar vikten av pedagogstyrda aktiviteter för att lärandet ska formas på rätt sätt. Slutsatsen är att digitala verktyg främjar språkutvecklingen och lärandet hos barnen under förutsättningen att rätt metoder används. Kunskap och kompetens är nödvändiga för att utföra rollen som pedagog och genomföra arbetsuppgifter i enlighet med läroplanens tydliga mål.

  • Brag, Gustava
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK. Snip.
    PREDICTING THE FUTURE OF INFLUENCER MARKETING: How Public Relations Experts perceive and measure the impacts of Influencer Marketing in their organizations. A Critical Study reflecting the discussions and future thinking of this particular phenomenon2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The body of marketing is drastically changing, pushing frontiers in numerous of domains, geographically, behaviourally and strategically with much enhanced technology in an increasingly globalized world. As this phenomenon pushes forward on many fronts, it is worthwhile to ask what will happen in the near future in this field. In today’s society ‘Influencer Marketing’ is known to be an incredibly popular and successful marketing tool, where one might be wondering: What is a plausible future in this area? What are the potential threats and challenges (if any) that we may encounter? What drives Influencer Marketing in organizations and what questions do they have about its impacts and measurements? I am hoping to fulfil this gap with the assistance of Critical Future Studies, Inayatullah (1990,1998) Luke Goode, Michael Godhe (2017,2018) in analysing the various facts and information that are being addressed and most importantly critically assess what is being missed. This Master thesis is a critical study, reflecting the future thinking and strategies relating to Emotional Branding, Danny Brown, Sam Fiorella (2013) made by experts in the fields of Public Relations, using a quantitative content analysis and semi-structured interviews. The chosen methods demonstrate two distinctive results, the content analysis showing a rather positive overview whereas the semi-structured interviews unpack the complexities and challenges in Influencer Marketing and has a negative stance towards its future.

    Future Studies, is a rigorous branch of study, where unfortunately no one can know for certain what the future holds, however I believe that it is important that we acknowledge values and invite scholars to join this critical dialogue about possible futures and the way we can imagine and discuss the future. The results in this thesis also further demonstrates the necessity in studying this branch of study due to the contradicting answers that are being addressed in the analysis. This thesis also intends to signify that it will not be closure but an encouragement to consider the impetus for a much larger conversation.

  • Beckman, Ludvig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.
    Popular sovereignty facing the deep state. The rule of recognition and the powers of the people2019In: Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, ISSN 1369-8230, E-ISSN 1743-8772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the relationship between the idea of popular sovereignty and the conditions for legal validity and argue that the latter imposes definitive limits to the former. Popular sovereignty has been defined as the condition when the will of the people is the "supreme authority in the state". Following this conception, there is no authority above the people and this is traditionally understood to mean that the authority of the people is above the constitution. Legal validity, though admittedly still debated, is here understood along Hart's "rule of recognition" According to which the validity of norms ultimately depends on the social practices of public officials. Though presumably uncontroversial that democratic peoples are entitled to remake the constitution, the powers of the people with respect to the substance of the law are nevertheless limited with respect to decisions of legal validity. The most basic rules in a legal system are not found in the constitution as they are the rules deciding what is to count as a legal norm within that system. They are more fundamental than the constitution because they also define what norms is the constitution legally speaking.