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  • Lånström, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Molander, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socionomstudenters attityder till personer med autism och ADHD.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the attitudes of social work students’ from Stockholm University, Sweden, towards people with autism and ADHD. The students participated in focus groups, where they discussed their thoughts and potential actions in the meeting with people with autism and ADHD. Through a thematic analysis, we identified the four following themes: perceptions; ignorance and its consequences; adaptation and actions tendencies; and needs of change. The results were then analyzed with a classic attitude theory. The results show that social work students mostly have positive attitudes towards people with autism and ADHD and that it is important to consider them like anybody else and to have knowledge about the disabilities, which leads to a helping and supporting preparedness towards them. Social work student has a strong will to help people with autism and ADHD but sometimes feel that society and organizations prevent them from doing so. In conclusion, social work students have a caring attitude, wants more knowledge about diagnoses and wants to help and do more for people with autism and ADHD.

  • Nilsson, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Idag ska vi prata svenska, eller hur?: En studie om arbetet med muntlig språkfärdighet på sfi2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att få en ökad kunskap om hur undervisningen i muntlig färdighet bedrivs inom skolorganisationen sfi, svenska för invandrare. Undersökningen har genomförts i en grupp på nybörjarnivå hos elever med kort studiebakgrund.Studien har sin utgångspunkt i tre frågeställningar där de två inledande frågeställningarna handlar om förekomsten av muntliga aktiviteter i undervisningen, och elevernas uppvisade språkliga aktivitet i respektive muntlig aktivitet. Den tredje frågeställningen handlar om hur läraren motiverar sitt val av undervisning. Data till de två första frågeställningarna har samlats in via observationer, medan frågeställning tre har besvarats genom en semistrukturerad intervju med undervisande lärare. I resultat framkom det att flertalet olika muntliga aktiviteter förekom i undervisningen, där smågruppsarbete och olika frågebaserade övningar användes mest frekvent, och det var också dessa aktiviteter som genererade störst mängd språklig aktivitet hos eleverna. En mindre frekvent aktivitet var parövningar. Undersökningen visade vidare att eleverna sällan tog egna initiativ till muntlig interaktion, utan var i stort behov av stöttning från undervisande lärare. En stor del av interaktionen ägde rum på elevernas modersmål. Resultatet från intervjun visar att undervisningen har sin utgångspunkt i de konkretiserade kunskapskrav som finns skolan. Muntliga färdigheter tränas kontinuerligt i olika sorters aktiviteter där eleverna är i stort behov av stöttning och styrning från läraren.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-16 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Kahle, Maximilian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Assembly and Function of Nitric Oxide Reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bacterial denitrification is a part of the global nitrogen cycle and comprises the stepwise reduction of nitrate to molecular nitrogen, which is released to the atmosphere. Cytochrome c-dependent nitric oxide reductase (cNOR) from Paracoccus (P.) denitrificans catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide to nitrous oxide and water. This is a key step of the denitrification chain as it involves reformation of the N-N bond that was split in nitrogen fixation processes. In addition, nitric oxide is cytotoxic and nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas. cNOR is an integral, two-subunit membrane protein, which contains several redox-active metal cofactors essential for function. In P. denitrificans the enzyme is expressed from an operon norCBQDEF, of which only norCB are the structural genes for the cNOR protein. The assembly process of cNOR, including cofactor insertion, as well as the detailed catalytic function of the enzyme are largely unknown, which motivated this study.

    Our results showed that cNOR can be expressed from only the norCB genes and that norQDEF are not essential for folding, complex formation and heme cofactor assembly of the protein. However, we found that non-heme iron (FeB) cofactor insertion into cNOR was dependent on the NorQ and NorD proteins, which were expressed from the nor operon. These proteins were purified as a complex and our results indicate that they act as a molecular chaperone. We present the cryo-electron microscopy structure of NorQ, which formed hexameric ring-shaped oligomers and was shown to have ATPase activity. Our data further suggest that NorD functions as an adaptor protein in order to link NorQ to a specific binding site at the cytoplasmic surface of cNOR. Based on our experimental data we present a model for FeB cofactor insertion into cNOR.

    Without co-expression of the NorQ and NorD proteins, the produced cNOR was inactive. It lacked FeB at the catalytic center but was otherwise structurally intact. Therefore we used this protein to investigate the role of FeB in the mechanism of nitric oxide and oxygen reduction of cNOR and compared our results to computational studies of the enzyme published recently.

    In vitro studies of membrane proteins, such as cNOR, are challenging because their function often depends on the interaction with a biological membrane and specific phospholipids. We used two different membrane mimetic systems, lipid nanodiscs and proteoliposomes, to study the effect of a membrane environment on the function of detergent-solubilized cNOR. Our results indicate that the membrane bilayer of lipid nanodiscs and proteoliposomes, even when assembled using the same lipids, has different properties with measurable effects on cNOR function.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-16 10:00 sal 14, hus 5, Kräftriket, Stockholm
    Lashari, Abid Ali
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Stochastic epidemics on random networks2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers stochastic epidemic models for the spread of epidemics in structured populations. The asymptotic behaviour of the models is analysed by using branching process approximations. The thesis contains four manuscripts.

    Paper I is concerned with the study of the spread of sexually transmitted infections, or any other infectious diseases on a dynamic network. The model we investigate is about the spread of an SI (Susceptible → Infectious) type infectious disease in a population where partnerships are dynamic. We derive explicit formulas for the probability of extinction and the threshold parameter R0 using two branching process approximations for the model. In the first approximation some dependencies between infected individuals are ignored while the second branching process approximation is asymptotically exact and only defined if every individual in the population can have at most one partner at a time. By comparing the two approximations, we show that ignoring subtle dependencies in the dynamic epidemic model leads to wrong prediction of the probability of a large outbreak.

    In paper II, we study a stochastic SIR (Susceptible → Infectious → Removed) epidemic model for the spread of an epidemic in populations structured through configuration model random graphs. We study the asymptotic (properly scaled) time until the end of an epidemic. This paper heavily relies on the theory of branching processes in continuous time.

    In paper III, the effect of vaccination strategies on the duration of an epidemic in a large population is investigated. We consider three vaccination strategies: uniform vaccination, leaky vaccination and acquaintance vaccination.

    In paper IV, we present a stochastic model for two successive SIR epidemics in the same network structured population. Individuals infected during the first epidemic might have (partial) immunity for the second one. The first epidemic is analysed through a bond percolation model, while the second epidemic is approximated by a three-type branching process in which the types of individuals depend on their status in the percolation clusters used for the analysis of the first epidemic. This branching process approximation enables us to calculate a threshold parameter and the probability of a large outbreak for the second epidemic. We use two special cases of acquired immunity for further evaluation.

  • Wellfelt, Emilie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Djonler, Sonny A.
    Islam in Aru, Indonesia: Oral traditions and Islamisation processes from the early modern period to the present2019In: Indonesia and the Malay World, ISSN 1363-9811, E-ISSN 1469-8382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The coming of Islam in eastern Indonesia is generally assigned to the activities of Muslim traders from the late 15th century onwards. This assumption is an over-simplification, especially in areas outside the main trade centres. In the Aru islands, Islam was introduced by the mid 17th century. We argue that Islamisation in Aru was initially a matter of internal considerations, rather than trade. We present oral traditions about the expansion of Islam as seen from two locations: Ujir, the historical Muslim centre in Aru on the west coast, and Benjuring, a former stronghold of local ancestral beliefs in the east. The oral sources are juxtaposed with European accounts of the 17th century when Muslim and Protestant centres first developed in Aru. The coming of Islam forced people to either convert or leave for non-Muslim areas. By late colonial times (early 20th century), both Islam and the Protestant church had reached remote villages. The most recent wave of conversions in Aru to state-approved world religions took place in the 1970s. In the last 30 years, the population in Aru has grown, especially in the regency capital Dobo. While Muslims used to be a small minority in Aru with their main centre on Ujir island, the point of gravity has shifted to Dobo, a fast-growing town with a large influx of mostly Muslims from other parts of Indonesia. Islamisation is still ongoing in Aru and the character of Islam is changing.

  • Fast, Cornelia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    An Ecofeminist Analysis of Swedish Environmental Policies2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ways in which countries’ environmental performances are assessed are many, and the amount of variables examined to make such assessments is even greater. In the process of managing current and future environmental problems, policy is one of the main tools utilized by states. Motivated by its high position on indexes that measure environmental performance and gender equality respectively, this essay contains a case study where Sweden’s environmental policies are analysed from an ecofeminist perspective – a theoretical stance that highlights the importance of incorporating feminism, ecology and situated knowledge in policy and practice. Such an assessment is performed with an idea analysis and an ecofeminist ideal type, with the aim to provide an alternative view on the qualities of and success in environmental policy. The findings show that all policy categories incorporate the components that the ecofeminist ideal type consists of. However, the level of incorporation differs with regard to how many policies in each category that do so. Thus, there are several policies that ecofeminist theory would suggest need further consideration, while the result also illustrates that an ecofeminist perspective is relevant and useable in the formulation of environmental policy.

    Key words: environmental policy, ecofeminism, idea analysis, Sweden, environment, policy, feminism, case study.

  • Frostne, Isabel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Abstrakta och konkreta ting i geometrilandskapet: Varför elever i årskurs 7-9 har lätt och svårt i geometriområdet samt vad läraren gör för att underlätta elevernas förståelse2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Geometry is an area in mathematics that is considered not abstract, on the contrary from other areas in mathematics. As geometry is considered an unabstracted area in mathematics, why has students around the world difficulties with geometry? TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) has shown that Swedish students in 8th grade has difficulties in algebra and geometry. The study focuses on why secondary school students’ have easy to understand some parts in geometry and why they have difficulties in other parts. Furthermore the study focuses on strategies teachers use to facilitate understanding in geometry. The study is carried out by interviewing six teachers in secondary school. The interviews are recorded and transcribed for enabling thematic analysis. The result shows that teachers experiences that students have easy to understand the first dimension (length and perimeter) and easy to understand geometrical objects as for example rectangular shapes. The reason behind the easiness is that these elements in geometry is known for the students, easy for the teachers to explain and not abstract. The students have difficulties comprehending two and especially three dimensional objects, difficult geometrical objects as circular objects, objects where the height is “situated” outside the object and irregular figures, unit conversions and concepts in geometry. The reasons behind these difficulties are mainly: the elements and methods are unfamiliar and abstract to the students. The abstraction in geometry are shown as comprehending how big or small sizes are in two and three dimensions and difficulties to comprehend the big discrepancy between the numbers in unit conversion, Teachers also observe that students have difficulties in visualizing and manipulating objects. These results show that what is known and not abstract are the opposite for what students have difficulties with, i.e. unknown and abstract. The strategies the teachers use are mostly to concretize the difficulties in geometry and in that way show students why it is valid. Other strategies are concerning with building a strong foundation in geometry, to combine geometry with other subjects in school and using students prior knowledge to build new knowledge. The red articles agrees with the result from the study.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-15 13:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Ciftci, Sibel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Padlock Probe-Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests: Point-of-care Diagnostics of Infectious Diseases2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advancements in molecular biology and biotechnology have pushed the field of molecular diagnostics much further to benefit the society towards smart access for rapid and simplified health care. In this context, point-of-care (PoC) technologies that bring the inventions in diagnostics closer to bedside settings draw attention. This becomes all the more relevant in the case of infectious diseases which pose the major burden, in terms of mortality and economic loss, especially for third world developing countries with resource-limited settings (RLS). Moreover, emerging and re-emerging viruses, known for their rapid mutation rates, demand huge attention in terms of timely diagnosis and the need for effective treatments. Hence, appropriate and accurate tests to detect the pathogens with enhanced sensitivity and specificity would be needed to bridge the gap between bioanalytics and clinics.

    This research work is an attempt to combine the tools and techniques required for the development of such efficient PoC technologies to combat infectious diseases. Among available nucleic acid-based amplification tests, padlock probing and isothermal rolling circle amplification are used to benefit from the advantages they offer for diagnostic applications, in terms of specificity, multiplexability, single molecule detection, high throughput, compatibility with various read-out platforms and inexpensive digital quantification.

    In the first paper, simultaneous detection of RNA and DNA forms of adenovirus is shown to study the spatio-temporal expression patterns in both lytic and persistent infections. In situ quantification of viral DNA as well as transcripts with single cell resolution has been achieved. In the second paper, novel probe design strategy has been presented for the development of molecular assays to detect hypervariable RNA viruses. This approach becomes helpful in targeting rapidly evolving viruses by using mutation-tolerant probes for RCA. Third paper demonstrates simple RCA for rapid detection of Ebola virus in clinical samples, followed by a multiplexed detection with other re-emerging tropical viruses, namely Zika and Dengue. This study also includes a simple easy-to-operate pump-free membrane enrichment read-out, combined together with microscopy for digital quantification of the products. In the fourth paper, near point-of-care glucose sensor-based RCP detection has been proposed for Ebola virus detection. All these attempts clearly bring RCA closer to PoC settings for molecular diagnostics of virus infections.

  • Leonardsson, Sasha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Norrby stenar - ett domarringsgravfält i Närke och dess bygdeanknytning2018Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I will analyze Norrby stenar stone circles in Närke in order to understand the stone circles in relation to the society and landscape around them. I will also compare older with newer reasearch in order to understand how archaeologists have seen the stone circles over time. To do so, I will put the stone circles in relation to the norse mythology and the ideology about Midgård.

  • Leonardsson, Sasha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Smålandsstenar och Närkes Norrby stenar: Domarringsgravfält och folkvandringstida bygder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the stone circles Norrby Stenar and Smålandsstenar. I will discuss them and their meaning from different angles. By doing that, I hope to understand the stone circles in relation to the society and landscape that surrounds them. These places are unique because there are only stone circles as a burial form there. It is also more then four stone circles on both grave sites. In order to understand these places I will compare them with each other and by others research. I will interpret the monuments through an identity perspective, in relation with the norse mythology. 

  • Carlsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Lennartsson, Rebecka
    Stadsmuseet i Stockholm .
    Bland kaféer, bordeller, parker, skyltfönster och kök: Mångdimensionella vandringar i stadens rum2019In: Creating the City.: Identity, Memory and Participation. Conference proceedings / [ed] Pål Brunnström och Ragnhild Cleasson, Malmö: Malmö University Publications in Urban Studies , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Grauers, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    I längden lär det än tå icke räckia til, at gifta idel Adel medh Adel: Om äktenskap över ståndsgränserna i stormaktstidens Sverige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lundberg, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lukters förmåga att påvera uppmärksamheten för emotionella ansikten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människans förmåga att känna lukter samt känna igen ansikten är två aspekter som är viktiga för människor. I denna studie undersöktes det om obehagliga och behagliga lukter påverkar vilket emotionellt ansikte som kopplas samman med de två olika lukterna. Trettioåtta deltagare deltog i studien och experimentet genomfördes framför en dator i ett test med dot probe paradigmen. Deltagarna fick en lukt placerad under näsan och skattade sedan luktens positivitet/negativitet samt intensitet. Därefter gjordes testet med dot probe och slutligen skattades luktens intensitet ytterligare en gång samt att de skulle matchas ett emotionellt ansikte till lukten. Resultatet visade ingen signifikant skillnad mellan lukterna för dot probe, dock fanns en skillnad mellan skattningarna på lukterna före och efter dot probe. 

  • Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Pozas, Constanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    ”Den som känner sig trygg blir stark!”: En kvalitativ studie om förskolepedagogers erfarenheter av omsorguppdraget i förskolans verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att ge en inblick i hur omsorgsuppdraget som finns formulerat i läroplanen för förskolan uppfattas av förskolepedagoger på två olika förskolor (Läroplanen för förskolan Lpfö 98 2016, s. 5). Det har vi försökt göra genom att genomföra individuella intervjuer av åtta förskolepedagoger. Intervjufrågorna är formulerade utifrån de tre områden som vi har identifierat som frågeställningar, hur talar förskolepedagoger om omsorg, hur talar förskolepedagoger om omsorgsuppdraget och vilka utmaningar ser de i relation till omsorgsuppdraget i förskolans verksamhet. Resultatet av den empiriska datan har analyserats utifrån ett omsorgsetiskt perspektiv för att få fatt i hur förskolepedagoger talar om omsorgsuppdraget. Flera aspekter av omsorg har trätt fram vilket bekräftar bilden av omsorg som ett mångtydigt begrepp.

    Vi fann att informanterna talade om omsorg utifrån förhållningssätt, trygghet, relation, kroppsliga behov och sociala aspekter. Det framgick även att det inte alltid fanns en medvetenhet kring att dessa aspekter ingår under begreppet omsorg. Den professionella omsorgsrelationen mellan barn och pedagog framträdde som betydelsefull för att kunna erbjuda en trygg omsorg och viktig för att barnet ska kunna lära sig nya saker i förskolan. Det framgick även i resultatet att det finns en hierarki inom omsorgen, där kroppsliga behov prioriteras framför att vara lyhörd inför barns berättelser. När ramarna för förskolans verksamhet utmanas av yttre faktorer finns det en risk att omsorg som relationell kvalité blir lidande.

  • Campbell, My
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Sandberg Swaling, Carolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Estetisk kraft i omsorgsarbetet: En intervjustudie om förskollärares upplevelser av estetisk omsorg i förskolan med förskolans yngsta barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom den här intervjustudien vill vi belysa förskollärares erfarenheter av att arbeta med den estetiska upplevelsen som en del av omsorgsarbetet med förskolans yngsta barn. Genom den fenomenologiska teorin ges vi möjligheten till fördjupade kunskaper om denna upplevelse vilken visar sig för oss som olika essenser av ett generellt fenomen. Resultatet visar att den estetiska upplevelsen är av stor betydelse under hela förskolans vardag och inte enbart under en särskild aktivitet och sträcker sig ända in i barnens hemmiljöer. Intervjuerna och teorin hjälper oss att förstå denna upplevelse som verksamt i ett mellanrum där det verbala språket kan ses som bristfälligt vilket gör den till en särskilt viktig del av omsorgen för de yngsta barnen på förskolan. Slutsatsen som vi får av denna studie är att förskollärare som arbetar med det estetiska som en del i omsorgsarbetet anser att det arbetssättet gynnar såväl barnet som individ samt gruppen som helhet där både barn och pedagoger ingår.

  • Agdahl, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Eklund, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vägar till specialpedagogiska insatser i förskolan: Att skapa förutsättningar för alla barns lärande - en intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lappi, Anita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Johnsson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Språkstörning utifrån ett lärarperspektiv: Att vilja vara som andra.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks lärares erfarenheter och kunskaper om att möta och undervisa elever med språkstörning i grundskolan. Frågeställningarna som behandlas i studien är vilka olika anpassningar och stödåtgärder används för att främja den språkliga utvecklingen hos elever enligt lärarna? Vilka erfarenheter och kunskaper inom området språkstörning kan urskiljas utifrån lärarnas egna utsagor? Hur uppfattar lärarna elever i språkliga och sociala sammanhang? Studien är en kvalitativ undersökning som inspirerats av fenomenografin och består av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med tolv lärare som undervisar i grundskolan. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i det sociokulturella perspektivet på lärande och sociala sammanhang. Resultatet visar på att svårigheterna hos elever med språkstörning som yttrar sig i undervisningssituationen ligger främst i att uttrycka sig språkligt, samt att förstå och tolka språk. Anpassningar och stödåtgärder som används för att främja den språkliga utvecklingen hos elever med språkstörning visade resultatet att detta sker på två olika nivåer. Den ena delen handlar om extra anpassningar på individnivå och den andra delen handlar om att organisera en tillgänglig lärmiljö på gruppnivå. Studien pekar också på att lärare har erfarenhet av att undervisa elever med språkstörning men delvis saknar kunskaper inom området. På frågeställningen om elevers sociala samspel visar resultatet på att elever med språkstörning har svårt att tolka sociala koder vilket innebär att den vuxnes roll blir mycket betydelsefull för eleven. Resultatet visar också på att elever med språkstörning har svårigheter med kamratrelationer då de ofta missförstås eller missförstår vilket kan påverka elevens självkänsla. Sammanfattningsvis tyder studiens resultat på att diagnosen språkstörning är komplex då svårigheterna påverkas av kontextuella faktorer och individuella behov.

    Nyckelord Språkstörning, pragmatik, språkutveckling, undervisningsmetoder, sociokulturellt perspektiv, socialt samspel.

  • Svendsen, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Östberg, Jacoc
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School, Marketing.
    Varning för Maslows ­bedrägliga tjuskraft! Behovshierarkin – en populär modell som saknar vetenskapliga belägg2019In: Organisation & Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, E-ISSN 2002-0287, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    den här artikeln kommer vi att diskutera den så kallade behovs­hierarkin, en modell som gett avtryck i företags­eko­nomiska utbildningar och i förlängningen företagsekonomisk praktik. Modellen lanserades av psykologen Abraham ­Maslow på 1940-talet för att förklara mänskligt beteende. Ambitionen med modellen var att förklara alla mänskliga psykologiska drivkrafter.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-10 13:00 FP41, hus 1, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Anderson, Emma K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    DESIREE: Instrumentation Developments and Hot Metal Cluster Decays2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents instrumentation developments and measurements performed at the Double ElectroStatic Ion Ring ExpEriment, DESIREE, at Stockholm University. DESIREE operates at cryogenic temperatures ~13 K, with very low background pressures of ~10-14mbar, allowing the observation of stored ions to long times of tens of seconds and longer.

    Investigations into improving the count rate capability of the DESIREE detectors are presented. Microchannel plate (MCP) detectors are used for position sensitive particle counting in the DESIREE detector assemblies. In a cryogenic environment the operational resistance of MCPs is orders of magnitude higher than at room temperature and this limits the possible count rates. Novel low-resistance MCP detectors were investigated and resulted in the replacement of the MCPs in the DESIREE detector assemblies.

    DESIREE was used to measure spontaneous decays of hot, small cluster anions. The decays of small silver, copper and gold cluster anions are presented and compared to statistical model calculations. An experiment that is able to measure the proportion of spontaneous decay due to fragmentation or electron detachment in dimer anions of silver and copper is presented and significant, previously overlooked, contributions from electron detachment to the decay is identified. Furthermore, measurements of the stability and decay of small carbon cluster dianions are presented. These experiments utilised the aforementioned low-resistance MCPs.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-10 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Björck, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Regulation of proton-coupled electron transfer in cytochrome c oxidase: The role of membrane potential, proton pathways and ATP2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cytochrome c oxidase (CytcO) is the final electron acceptor of the respiratory chain. In this chain a current of electrons, derived from degradation of nutrients, along with protons, are used to reduce oxygen to water. The reaction is exergonic and the excess energy is used to pump protons across the membrane. This proton-coupled electron transfer is regulated, for example, by the membrane potential, the composition of the membrane and the ATP/ADP concentrations. 

    Here, we have investigated the mechanism of this regulation. Specifically, we investigated ligand binding to CytcO in mitochondria, which provides mechanistic information about CytcO in its native environment. In addition to CytcO, a water soluble protein, flavohemoglobin (yHb) was found to bind CO and we found that it is localized in the intermembrane space (IMS). We also extracted CytcO from mitochondria without detergent using the styrene maleic acid (SMA) co-polymer. We could show that the SMA-extracted CytcO behaved similarly in its reaction with O2 and CO as CytcO in mitochondria.

    In mitochondria and bacterial membranes CytcO transports charges against a transmembrane electrochemical gradient. We induced a membrane potential across sub-mitochondrial particles (SMPs) by addition of ATP and measured single CytcO turnover. Our results indicate that proton transfer, but not electron transfer, across the membrane is affected by the membrane potential.

    In yeast CytcO subunit Cox13 has been shown to play a role in ATP/ADP binding to regulate activity. We have solved the structure of Cox13 using NMR and identified the residues that constitute the ATP-binding site, which is located at the C-terminus.

    Finally we showed that the main proton-transfer pathways in yeast CytcO function similarly to their bacterial counterparts and that the proposed H-pathway, absent in bacteria, is not responsible for proton translocation in mitochondrial CytcO from S. cerevisiae.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-10 13:00 David Magnussonsalen (U31), Stockholm
    Tyrberg, Mårten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bringing psychological treatment to the psychiatric ward: Affecting patients, staff, and the milieu2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The psychiatric ward is a complex setting. This has to do partly with the severity of the patients’ suffering. Often, they present with such diagnoses as psychosis, self-harm, substance abuse, and suicidality. In fact, they often present with a combination of these. This renders the delivery of effective treatment a challenging task. Partly, the complexity of the ward has to do with aspects of the context itself. Admissions and discharges often happen fast and unexpectedly, staff members are expected to handle various challenging behaviors, they display quite high levels of burnout and work dissatisfaction, and the wards are often staffed by bank staff, leading to a lack of continuity of care. This adds to the challenge of delivering effective treatment. In the typical Swedish ward, treatment consists of medication, nursing, observation, and management of risk behaviors. Psychological treatment is seldom a routine part of inpatient care. However, there are sound arguments for adding psychological treatment in the form of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) of various modalities. Further, there is promise in psychosocial interventions delivered by the nursing staff after appropriate training, and in providing supervision to the staff.

    The aim of the present thesis was to investigate the feasibility and potential efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a CBT based psychotherapy model, as a broadly applied intervention in the context of psychiatric inpatient care. In three studies, ACT was evaluated as a brief individual psychotherapy intervention, and as a psychologically informed approach to dealing with patients performed by the nursing staff group in a psychiatric ward for psychosis patients.

    In study I, an average of two sessions of ACT was delivered to patients (n = 11) with a diagnosis of psychosis. Compared to a control group (n = 10), the risk for rehospitalization during a four-month follow-up period was significantly smaller for patients in the experimental group. There was also a trend toward increased values-based living scores in the experimental group, compared to controls.

    Study II evaluated the effects on staff members (n = 20) and patients (n = 9) of a brief ACT training intervention tailored to the staff group, the aim of which was to introduce ACT as a day-to-day approach to dealing with patients. After a total of 12 hours of ACT training, the staff group displayed a slight increase in work-related psychological flexibility, compared to before, while a non-randomized control group (n = 18) displayed a slight decrease. Patients being treated on the ward after the staff training displayed a slight increase in psychological flexibility during ward treatment, while patients being treated before displayed a slight decrease. In both cases, however, the differences were considered quite small (non-significant in statistical terms). Further, the study investigated ACT-consistent behavior changes among staff members following ACT training, using a multiple baseline single-subject design. Results revealed both expected and unexpected patterns of behavior.

    In study III, the usefulness of the ACT model was investigated using a qualitative content analysis. Staff members (n = 10) experienced ACT as useful in terms of dealing with patients’ struggles, enriching typical duties, and dealing with their own stress. Difficulties in using the model related to time restraints, complexities of the model itself, and the severity of patients’ illnesses.

    In summary, the present thesis adds to the research basis for ACT as a treatment for psychosis, delivered in an inpatient setting. It shows that the introduction of ACT as an add-on to traditional ward treatment in Sweden is for the most part feasible and acceptable. However, the thesis also discusses various challenges in the implementation of psychological treatment in such a complex context as the inpatient ward, both in terms of delivery of the treatment itself and the evaluation of its effectiveness.

  • Bodin, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Seclusion versus Accessibility: The Harems of Constantinople as Aesthetic Worlds in Stories by Elsa Lindberg-Dovlette2018In: World Literatures: Exploring the Cosmopolitan-Vernacular Exchange / [ed] Stefan Helgesson, Annika Mörte Alling, Yvonne Lindqvist and Helena Wulff, Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2018, p. 246-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the strategies according to which the Swedish author Elsa Lindberg-Dovlette’s stories, set in Ottoman harems of Constantinople in the early twentieth century, create a distinctive aesthetic world (Hayot, 2012). It is demonstrated that this world is constructed out of the limited and distorted views from behind the veil. By means of their aesthetic “worldedness”, Lindberg-Dovlette’s stories make the secluded milieus of women in the harems of cosmopolitan Constantinople – their special limited view and reduced mobility – accessible to western readers in their vernacular languages, not only in Swedish, but also in translation into Finnish, German, French and Dutch.

  • Steorn, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies.
    Swedish 1960s fashion in the U.S.: A transnational perspective on fashion and national identity2013In: Querformat, ISSN 1867-447x, no 6, p. 63-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Steorn, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Fashion Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Swedische mode der 1960er Jahre in den USA: Eine transnationale perspektive auf mode und nationale identität2013In: Querformat. Zeitgenössisches, kunst, populärkultur, ISSN 1867.447x, no 6, p. 54-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Forsman, Hilma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Exploring the Letterbox Club programme’s impact on foster children’s literacy: potent intervention or general support?2019In: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The book-gifting programme, the Letterbox Club, was developed as a response to the increased interest in ways of improving the educational outcomes of children in out-of-home care. By reporting quantitative and qualitative findings from a Swedish trial, and compiling findings from previous British evaluations, the purpose of this paper is to further our understanding of the programme’s potential impact. Pre/post measurements of the reading age of 72 foster children showed an average improvement of 2.5 months in comparison to the national average. With some exceptions, interviews with children and carers showed that the programme was well received and indicated that it could increase reading engagement and carer involvement. The current empirical base knowledge suggests that the Letterbox Club has a small impact on foster children’s literacy. The results do not allow for causal interpretations. Long-term outcomes are unknown. The programme lacks a theoretical foundation, and the implementation is dependent on individual and contextual factors. However, the programme is simple to administer, low-cost, and can reach a large number of children. The article therefore suggests that the Letterbox Club could be seen as a general supportive measure, and promotion of carer involvement is proposed as a way of improving its potential impact.

  • Evangelatou, Kicki
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Kantokorpi, Jessika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Undervisning i förskolan: En diskursanalys av förskollärares uppfattningar av undervisningsbegreppet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur införandet av undervisningsansvaret, i den reviderade Läroplanen 2018 påverkar förskollärarna i deras yrkesroll. Vi har genomfört en enkätundersökning där verksamma förskollärare svarat på öppna frågor och därmed utgått från både kvantitativ och kvalitativ ansats. Den insamlade empirin har analyserats genom en Foucaultinspirerad diskursanalys som utmanar normer och det förgivettagna och utgår från att förståelsen av ett fenomen är beroende av språket. Följande diskurser har identifierats i respondenternas utsagor skoldiskursen, undervisning-lika med-lärandediskursen, statusdiskursen, orosdiskursen samt förutsättningsdiskursen. Resultaten visar på motstridiga känslor kring undervisningsbegreppet och ansvaret. Begreppet upplevs svårtolkat och otydligt. Det förknippas med skola och katederundervisning och anses gå emot det lustfyllda lärandet. En oro över vad undervisning ska medföra för konsekvenser för barnen och förskolans verksamhet uttrycks. Undervisningsbegreppet likställs med lärande och anses bara vara ett nytt ord för det. Resultaten visar även att undervisningsansvaret upplevs otydligt och tolkningsbart då tydliga direktiv saknas. Samtidigt finns en övertygelse om att det kommer att höja yrkesstatusen. Ansvaret upplevs övermäktigt, de förutsättningar som krävs för att fullfölja uppdraget anses saknas. Resultaten visar därmed ett glapp mellan formulerings- och realiseringsarenan.

  • von Greiff, Ninive
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Berlin, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. The National Board of Health and Welfare, Sweden.
    Social inclusion of clients treated for substance abuse in Sweden in the 1980s: A 27-year follow-up2019In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate social inclusion/exclusion in terms of criminality, substance abuse and participation in the labour market in clients treated for substance abuse in Sweden in the 1980s during a follow-up period of 27 years.

    Method: SWEDATE data are used for background information on the clients. The data were collected through interviews with clients registered for treatment in 31 in-patient treatment units in 1982 and 1983. Data on labour market status, education and medication related to drugs were collected from public registers. The study population consisted of 1132 individuals, who were followed from the year after exiting from treatment (Year 1) until the end of the follow-up (December 2013).

    Results: Among those who survived, the women seem to have succeeded better in terms of social inclusion both at an aggregated level and when the individual pathways were followed during the follow-up period. When comparing pathways between adverse and non-adverse groups during the follow-up period the results show movements from being adverse to non-adverse but also the opposite. In the last follow-up in 2013, the majority of the clients defined as non-adverse for the last nine years were in some way established in the labour market (including studies). In total, about two fifths of the group were in some way established in the labour market.

    Conclusions: The fairly high proportion of clients moving between being adverse and non-adverse during the follow-up might support the perspective suggesting that dependence should not be considered as chronic.

  • Studencki, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Om yttrandefrihet efter det nya upphovsrättsdirektivet: Artikel 13 och dess uppladdningsfilter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2019-05-06 10:00 Ahlmannsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Reite, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Discursos fronteiriços de jovens moçambicanos: A linguagem, as ideologias e as subjetividades na colonialidade contemporânea2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why are we talking about coloniality in postcolonial times? And what does language have to do with it? In addressing these two broad questions, this thesis sets out to provide empirically well-grounded reflections focusing: First, on how young Mozambicans’ linguistic repertoires and discursive practices relate to their sense of being in the world. And second, on how their perceptions resonate with recent sociolinguistic debates about the different roles language and ideologies play in constructing and reproducing conditions of contemporary coloniality. The role of postcolonial Portuguese is particularly highlighted. The introduction provides a critical, decolonial and epistemic reflexion that brings together four seemingly disparate studies. Moreover, it offers an invitation to critically reflect on discourses, ideologies and valuations that are carried in and on our individual and collective historical bodies and minds and are reproduced through different manifestations of what I call ‘discursive re(b)orderings’. Study I, explores how Portuguese spoken in Maputo has changed after independence and underpins the inquiry into the ‘construct’ of linguistic boundaries and its relation to ideas of language purity and how these ideologically laden notions impact knowledge production and perceived and lived mobilities in the ‘postcolony’. Study II, displays ‘languaging’ practices of young Mozambicans and their strategic orientations in their social-spatial deployment of linguistic resources, and explores ‘translanguaging’ as discursive space production. Study III, brings Frantz Fanon into the study of sociolinguistics of subjectivity and explores the reflexes of the ‘other’ in the constitution of the self of young Mozambicans, suggesting that intersubjectivity holds the promise of disentangling Fanon´s notion of ‘sociogenese’. Study IV brings Pierre Bourdieu´s Distinction (1984) into the ‘postcolony’ by emulating his methodology through multilevel big picture data, combining quantitative and qualitative data and analyses with approaches inspired by ethnography to look at ‘positions and dispositions’ of young Mozambicans across fields and markets. Theoretically, the thesis brings Bourdieu and Fanon together, and shows how nexus concepts, intersubjectivity and the historical bodies and minds represent promising avenues to the understanding of language in coloniality. Two nexus concepts, the habitus and the sociogenese, are adopted and complement each other. By mixing methodologies, the studies combined, manage to capture the complexities in the multi-layered and often subtle ways discursive bordering constructs and reproduces contemporary coloniality. Empirically, taken together, the four studies show how ideologies, the ‘constructs’ surrounding language and the symbolic value of Portuguese are taken up in language and discourses and in speakers’ strategic deployment of linguistic resources across fields and marketplaces in the ‘postcolony’. Moreover, it shows how all forms of capital: epistemic, economic, educational, linguistic and symbolic are reconfigured and revaluated. Nevertheless, mobility is contained, and socioeconomic inequalities are mirrored in sociolinguistic inequalities and even in material urban space to the effect of perpetuating conditions of contemporary coloniality.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-03 10:00 Lilla hörsalen, NOD-huset, Kista
    Fasth, Tobias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Decision Analysis in Situations with Conflicting Interests2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision problems in participatory decision making involve multiple stakeholders, who often have conflicting preferences concerning the actions under consideration. Decision problems such as these can be structured as multi-criteria problems, which enables the actions to be evaluated in terms of more than one single criterion. In these situations, the complexity of the problem increases when the objective is to select a portfolio of actions. Another aspect to take into consideration is that the choice of actions often has a long-term impact on the lives of the stakeholders. It is therefore not surprising that these problems often are sources of costly and time-consuming conflicts.

    This thesis presents artifacts in the form of methods and applications aiding the decision maker in participatory decision making problems in highlighting stakeholder conflict. The artifacts are DANCE, XPLOR, POLA, and SENS. DANCE is a framework of methods that are used to elicit preferences, and to measure and analyze conflicts between and within stakeholder groups regarding the performance of an action. The framework uses three novel artifacts: i) CAR-CE a method for preference elicitation, ii) two indices, one for measuring the conflict within one stakeholder group, one for measuring the conflict between two stakeholder groups, and iii) an approach to portfolio optimisation and robustness analysis. XPLOR is a web-application that is used to explore and visualise stakeholder conflicts. POLA is a web-application for evaluating commercial development policy in cooperation with key stakeholders. The last artifact, SENSE, is a method for sensitivity analysis of portfolios.

    The artifact development followed the design science methodology, where the aim of the artifact is to solve a practical problem and where, in this case, the artifacts were evaluated against a set of requirements. The preference elicitation method, CAR-CE, was implemented in a web-questionnaire and was used in a real-world survey in cooperation with Upplands Väsby municipality. The elicited preferences were used in illustrative scenarios to demonstrate both the DANCE framework and XPLOR. POLA was demonstrated in three examples based on results from workshops that were conducted together with the municipalities of Norrköping, Katrineholm and Filipstad. Altogether, these artifacts support decision makers in modeling and analyzing decision problems, with the purpose of avoiding future costly and time-consuming conflicts in land use planning.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-03 10:00 Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-Huset, Stockholm
    Staveley, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
    Fish in the coastal seascape: exploring ecological processes and connectivity for conservation of temperate fish communities2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The need to understand patterns and processes in the marine environment has never been so profound as today, particularly as anthropogenic pressures upon coastal regions are drastically affecting habitats and species across a vast range. One approach to further understand these patterns and processes is through the use of seascape ecology methods. Pertinently, fish are ideal candidates to use in many seascape ecological studies due to their mobility and potential to connect a multitude of patches and habitats throughout their life cycle. They also serve as fundamental components in coastal food webs and are of economic benefit. This thesis strives to answer how fish assemblages are affected by ecological and environmental patterns and changes in temperate seascapes throughout the Swedish Skagerrak and the Baltic Sea. 

    Initially, the spatial arrangement of benthic habitat patches in coastal Skagerrak was investigated in relation to the fish community inhabiting seagrass meadows. Seascape structure and complexity was shown to create optimal or sub-optimal areas for certain parts of the fish community. For instance, simpler seascapes (e.g. less habitat patches and edges) were found to have a higher density of juvenile fish, while wrasse densities were related to more complex seascapes. This offers insights into the consequences of spatial patterning in the marine environment and possible effects of habitat loss in the ecosystem (paper I). Through surveying fish assemblages in common, shallow-water habitats, the more structurally complex habitats, i.e. seagrass and macroalgae, were found to harbour a greater fish abundance compared to the less complex unvegetated soft bottoms. However, all three habitats were deemed important for their role in supporting juvenile fish species, thus suggesting that embayments in this environment might function as seascape nurseries (paper II). The importance of connectivity of a marine predator was discovered using acoustic telemetry and network analysis. This study demonstrated that sea surface temperature was of major importance for Atlantic cod movement dynamics within a fjord system as well as revealing the significance of localised connectivity at varying spatial and temporal scales (paper III). Finally, spatial pattern relationships and fish assemblages were explored in Baltic seagrass meadows. Fish assemblages were dominated by meso-predators (i.e. three-spined stickleback) both during summer and autumn, with a noticeable lack of larger piscivorous species throughout both seasons. Correlative analysis showed that fish densities were influenced by seagrass habitat structure (negatively), area of bare sediment (negatively) and habitat patch diversity (positively) (paper IV).  

    This thesis has lifted a central role in addressing important seascape ecology questions and tools in the temperate marine environment. Specifically, it highlights the importance of analysing patterns and processes at multiple scales to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the relationships between fish and their environments, which is relevant for marine spatial planning and conservation. 

  • Public defence: 2019-05-03 13:00 Hörsal 12, hus F, Stockholm
    Malmén, Stina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    I företagshistoriens marginaler: Familj, fostran och fortlevnad i sekelskiftets dynastier2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation addresses the question of power structures in corporate families. Two leading Swedish corporate dynasties during the pre-first world war era are examined from an intersectional perspective: the Ekman and the Wallenberg families. The Wallenberg family is still situated in the absolute top of Swedish business community, while the Ekman family has lost its position as a leading dynasty.Traditionally, research about family firms has been shaped by the understanding of a public/private dichotomy. The focus has often been on formal processes and arenas for corporate management in the “public sphere”. Another focus area in studies about family businesses is the matter of succession of leadership. This dissertation draws on critical research that has put the public/private dichotomy into question regarding the everyday operation of family businesses. In line with this research, the present study argues for a more inclusive understanding of this type of corporation, where the “private sphere” may also be considered an arena for management in the family firm. An important aspect in building and developing a dynasty is biological reproduction and the upbringing of future successors in order to secure continuity. Furthermore, this study seeks to deepen such an understanding by examining the significance of social reproduction for management and continuity in these families.Three of the articles investigate the interplay between family and business by highlighting the importance of social reproduction in order to establish successful management and continuity. Here, the role of the children and the spouse of the corporate owners proves to be of great significance. The fourth article problematizes the role of archives in knowledge production regarding family firms and argues for a greater awareness about what narratives are enabled by these archives.

  • Public defence: 2019-05-04 13:00 Auditorium (215), Manne Siegbahnhusen, Stockholm
    Rothmund, Irene Velten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Å gjøre dansen til sin: Bachelorstudenters levde erfaringer i moderne- og samtidsdans2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this PhD-thesis is to explore bachelor students' lived experiences with different traditions in modern- and contemporary dance in a vocational dance education. The project is informed by Hans- Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics and Max van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological method. The material consists of logbooks and interviews collected over a longer timespan from 11 students at the Norwegian University College of Dance. The researcher herself is a dance teacher at the same institution. The thesis develops knowledge about processes in a vocational education in dance, upon which there is little existing research, by making the students' voices heard. With an emphasis on the students' experiences in their daily dance training, the thesis also sheds light on how modern dance, postmodern dance and contemporary dance can be understood as partly separate traditions, with different views on dance technique, the body and aesthetic ideals.

    The material is organised into four main areas, which is interpreted in four chapters: 1) Traditions in modern- and contemporary dance, 2) Learning in modern- and contemporary dance, 3) Being present in the body and in the dance, and 4) Transformation – becoming a dancer and dance teacher in modern- and contemporary dance. Each chapter has its own theoretical lens, of these the most central are: Gadamer's understanding of tradition, play and Bildung, Peter Jarvis' theory of human learning and some selected themes from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology.

    The contributions of the thesis are connected to 10 main themes that elucidate central characteristics of the students' lived experiences during their education. The last main theme, to make the dance one's own, characterises the students' transformation during the education, and is also central to the other main themes. The research identifies three levels in how the students make the dance their own: The first level, incorporating movements, technique and style, details the students' daily practices of learning dance. The second level, feeling ownership of the dance, the body and one's own expertise, concerns a deeper change over time where the students develop their own bodily knowledge in dance. The third level, making a repertory of practices one's own, is focused on the change in the students' relation to traditions in modern- and contemporary dance, and how they incorporate parts of the contemporary dance tradition into their own lives and self-understanding.

  • Samuelsson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). Department of Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Sundqvist, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Gamblers’ (mis-)interpretations of Problem Gambling Severity Index items: Ambiguities in qualitative accounts from the Swedish Longitudinal Gambling Study2019In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, ISSN 14550725, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 140-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) is a screening instrument frequently used to identify risk and problem gambling. Even though the PGSI has good psychometric properties, it still produces a large proportion of misclassifications. Aims: To explore possible reasons for misclassifications in problem gambling level by analysing previously classified moderate-risk gamblers’ answers to the PGSI items, in relation to their own current and past gambling behaviours. Methods: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 19 participants reporting no negative consequences from gambling. They were asked the PGSI questions within an eight-year time frame (2008 to 2016). Ambiguous answers to PGSI items were subject to content analysis. Results: Several answers to the PGSI items contained ambiguities and misinterpretations, making it difficult to assess to what extent their answers actually indicated any problematic gambling over time. The item about feelings of guilt generated accounts rather reflecting self-recrimination over wasting money or regretting gambling as a meaningless or immoral activity. The item concerning critique involved mild interpretations such as being ridiculed for buying lottery tickets or getting comments for being boring. Similar accounts were given by the participants irrespective of initial endorsement of the items. Other possible reasons for misclassifications were related to recall bias, language difficulties, selective memory, and a tendency to answer one part of the question without taking the whole question into account. Conclusions: Answers to the PGSI can contain a variety of meanings based on the respondents’ subjective interpretations. Reports of lower levels of harm in the population should thus be interpreted with caution. In clinical settings it is important to combine use of screening instruments with interviews, to be able to better understand gamblers’ perceptions of the gambling behaviour and its negative consequences.

  • Ramberg, Joacim
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    School effectiveness and student cheating: Do students' grades and moral standards matter for this relationship?2019In: Social Psychology of Education, ISSN 1381-2890, E-ISSN 1573-1928, ISSN 1381-2890Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cheating is a more or less prominent feature of all educational contexts, but few studies have examined its association with aspects of school effectiveness theory. With recently collected data from upper-secondary school students and their teachers, this study aims to examine whether three aspects of school effectiveness—school leadership, teacher cooperation and consensus, and school ethos—are predictive of student’s self-reported cheating, while also taking student- and school-level sociodemographic characteristics as well as student grades and moral standards into consideration. The study is based on combined data from two surveys: one targeting students and the other targeting teachers. The data cover upper secondary schools in Stockholm and includes information from 4529 students and 1045 teachers in 46 schools. Due to the hierarchical data, multilevel modelling was applied, using two-level binary logistic regression analyses. Results show significant negative associations between all three aspects of school effectiveness and student cheating, indicating that these conditions are important to consider in the pursuit of a more ethical, legitimate and equitable education system. Our findings also indicate that the relationship between school effectiveness and student cheating is partly mediated by student grades and moral standards.

  • Fredriksson, Tea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ideologiska hä(m)ndelseförlopp: Damer i nöd, kvinnliga hämnare och gotisk viktimologi2019In: Att odla kriminologi. Perspektiv på brott och utsatthet: En festskrift till Eva Tiby. / [ed] Anita Heber, Lena Roxell, Kriminologiska Institutionen: Stockholms universitets förlag, 2019, p. 87-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Mellan hummer och pölsa - kulinarisk transition i Torgny Lindgrens och Ella Nilssons Maten2018In: Transit - 'Norden' och 'Europa': IASS XXXI 2016 / [ed] Petra Broomans, Ester Jiresch, Janke Klok, Anja Schüppert, Groningen: Barkhuis, 2018, p. 130-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The  contribution  investigates  culinary  transitions between  Sweden  and  Europe  in  Torgny Lindgren's and Ella Nilsson's epistolary cookbook, Maten.  Hunger  och  törst  i  Västerbotten(2003) (Food: Hunger and Thirst in Västerbotten). With a theoretical starting point in discourse-analytic approaches to nationalistic ideology, primarily elaborated within cultural studies, the contribution examines uses of the binarity of Sweden/Europe in essentialist and deconstructive practices of the cookbook. The argument comprises three parts. In the first part, the cookbook's conception of Västerbottenian cuisine is scrutinized. It is argued that Lindgren's and Nilsson's construction of gastronomic Västerbottenianness  brings into play a whole range of rhetorical strategies that are usually utilized to construct national cuisines. Västerbottenian cookery is: (a) codified as a normative canon, (b) connected to a specific place, to a historical tradition and to ritualized customs, (c) defined as a restitution project preserving regional heritage from entropy, and (d) organized according to certain culinary icons, each of which mythologically incarnates some part of the "soul" of the region. The second part discusses the position of Europe on the cookbook's gastronomic map. The concept of Europeanness  in Maten  is  shown  to  be constructed as a cultural "Other" and – by analogy with other counter-images – (a) excluded from the field of genuine cookery, (b) smuggled into the cookbook's culinary discourse through devices of disguise and (c) manifest in "typical" Västerbottnian recipes its presence in "typical" Västerbottenian  recipes  by  generating  contradictions,  semantic  displacements  and  aporetic paradoxes.  The  final  part  examines  the  role  of  Sweden  among  the  cookbook's  gastronomic identities.  Unlike  traditional  cookery  books  dedicated  to  Swedish  national  cuisine, Matenproblematizes  the  relationship  between  centre  and  periphery,  constructing  Swedishness  as  a "double"  identity:  both  the  internalized  "Self"  and  the  oppressive  "Other".  Correspondingly, Lindgren  and  Nilsson  have  an  ambiguous,  partly  ironic,  attitude  towards  their  own  local patriotic cuisine project using the notion of "Saminess" to undermine Västerbottenian culinary logocentrism.

  • Hussénius, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Intersectional patterns of social assistance eligibility in Sweden2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines patterns in social worker decisions on social assistance eligibility in Sweden. Focusing on intersections between applicants’ gender, country of birth and family situation, factors that statistically anticipate decisions on granting assistance to individuals from different sub-groups were explored. The sample comprises 423 applications and four sets of modified Poisson regression models were conducted. The results strengthen the impression of social assistance assessments as a practice marked by the professionals’ categorizations. In line with previous research, social workers seem to act upon, and reinforce, a male breadwinner model by putting more emphasis on men’s efforts to establish self-support. Female applicants, in turn, are seemingly less likely to be granted assistance if they are assessed as having a problem with abuse of alcohol or illicit drugs. Also, having a family seems altogether to have a negative impact on women’s chances of approval. When considering gender and country of birth, decisions on social assistance eligibility largely reflect patterns of unemployment.

  • Melanson, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    PROMPTED Peer Response and Grammatical Errors: Prompted Peer Response vs Unprompted Peer Response inReducing Grammatical Errors2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current classroom environment is filled with expectations for both teacher and student but is often lacking in time. Skolverket (2011) outlines ambitious goals such as developing students’ critical thinking abilities, adapting teaching to each student’s individual needs, and encouraging students to actively take part in the development of their own educational process, to name just a few. It is crucial to develop and use techniques that aid in attaining these objectives. Peer response could be such a tool. There is an abundance of research which demonstrates how effective it is, but there is also a great reluctance on the part of teachers and students alike to employ it in the classroom. This could be due in part to the idea that learners lack the necessary knowledge to correct and give feedback. However, this and other criticisms directed against peer feedback could be alleviated through deliberate formal peerresponse training. Most of today’s research on this topic seems to focus on English as a Second or Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) classrooms in the U.S.A and Asia, with little work having been done in the Swedish context. Also lacking are investigations regarding peer response in grammar testing, since most of the research emphasizes essay writing. This paper aims to add to the body of existing research on prompted peer response by examining its application in English classrooms in Sweden. To do so, two secondary school English classes in Sweden are tested by means of an abbreviated version of Gan’s (2011) prompted peer response model. More specifically, this paper’s objective is to explore if prompted peer response leads to improvements in grammar (operationalized in this case as reducing grammatical errors in a grammar test) when compared to unprompted peer response. In addition, this paper intends to explore whether peer response can possibly produce any additional rewards and what those could be. The results for this study seem promising. The primary results of this paper support the existing research in this area that prompted peer response leads to a reduction in student’s grammatical errors. Perhaps more importantly, the results suggest that it also aids students in developing a progressive approach to peer response which ultimately can lead to students developing learning strategies and self-reflection over their own learning process.

  • Lundqvist, Mari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Vad är vad? Om lärares identifiering av andraspråksinlärning respektive läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos SFI-elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syftar till att undersöka hur sex SFI-lärare upptäcker och fortsätter undervisningen där det finns misstanke om läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Studiens syfte är att undersöka vilka förmågor och praktik som finns för att urskilja läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos andraspråksinlärare samt hur eventuellt stöd är utformat till dessa elever. Undersökningen har genomförts med kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer vilket lämpar sig väl vid undersökning av människors personliga erfarenheter och åsikter. Resultatet som har framkommit i studien visar på lärarnas avsaknad av formell kompetens vid identifiering av läs- och skrivsvårigheter och slutsatsen utifrån denna studie visar på behov av utbildning för att på ett säkert sätt identifiera läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos andraspråksinlärare.

  • Holmdahl, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies. Kvinna.
    ”Seriöst, det känns som att du har glömt genusanalysen?”: En kulturstudie av femininitet och respektabilitet i Melodifestivalen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Melodifestivalen är ett underhållningsprogram som ofta associeras med kvinnor trots att kvinnor inte numerärt är mer framgångsrika än män i tävlingen. Kvinnor tillåts inte heller ta lika mycket plats som män i Melodifestivalen. Masteruppsatsarbetets huvudsakliga syfte är att undersöka vilka former av femininitet som ges utrymme i Melodifestivalen mellan åren 2002 till 2016. Detta har gjorts genom en studie av sekvenser från de TV-sända finalerna av Melodifestivalen. Masteruppsatsarbetet beskriver olika femininiteter utifrån teorier om performativitet, femininitet och kulturella representationer. Detta leder fram till en slutsats som visar att kvinnor representeras i relation till sin kropp genom förväntade vackra utseenden medan män representeras i relation till sin hjärna med expertuttalanden. Fokuseringen på kvinnans utseende representeras dock på olika sätt och de olika formerna av femininitet kan kategoriseras in i kategorierna ”modern/frun”, ”väninnan”, ”divan” och det ”kvinnliga subjektet”. De olika kategorierna förhandlar med femininitetsnormer och respektabilitet på olika sätt där både reproducerande och subversiva handlingar ingår.

  • Helle, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kapital- och vinstandelslån: En studie av gällande rätt och användningsområden2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ljungman, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Straffverkställighet: En analys utifrån det kriminalpolitiska målet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nya straffverkställighetslagstiftningen, med avseende på det behov som lagstiftaren identifierat av en ökad individualisering, i syfte att uppnå en individualpreventiv effekt och en lyckad resocialisering, innehåller vissa grundläggande förutsättningar, som alla kan påverka frågorna om individualisering och proportionalitet. Dessa grundläggande förutsättningar innehåller olika typer av motsättningar, som var och en kan påverka såväl tillämpning och mål. Uppsatsens syfte är att identifiera och beskriva dessa motsättningar i förhållande till proportionalitet och individualitet.

  • Wedin, Marit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Flyktingskap sur place och förföljelse på grund av kön: En studie rörande genusaspekter i flyktingskapsbedömningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Prospektansvar för överlåtbara värdepapper: Särskilt om gröna obligationer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the possibilities for an investor in a prospectus of green bonds to seek

    compensation for false or misleading information. That includes the conditions for

    compensation as well as the liability of different subjects. Furthermore, the importance of

    advises, recommendations and frameworks from green bond market organizations are being

    examined. The purpose is also to discuss if an extended liability for a prospectus or a further

    regulation of green bonds is motivated.

    A green bond is a security that separates from other securities since the proceeds must be

    allocated to environmental friendly projects. The market for green bonds develops mainly

    through advises, recommendations and frameworks from green bond organizations. These are

    a self-regulating part of the market who complements the other regulation well. For instance,

    regarding how to manage the proceeds. A green bond is otherwise regulated through traditional

    bond regulation.

    The prospectus responsibility for false or misleading information is currently only explicitly

    regulated for persons exercising corporate functions, through the Companies Act (ABL),

    chapter 29 paragraph 1. This is due to a formulation in the Prospectus Directive which entails

    the EU member states a wide possibility to design the responsibility according to the national

    law system. Thus, the possibility for an investor, that has suffered a loss due to false or

    misleading information, to claim responsibility from the issuer or a participating subject is a

    choice between two courses of action without explicit support of the law. The two courses of

    action are through tort law or on a contractual basis, of which the latter has a limited support in

    the law. Consequently, the lack of an explicit and transparent state of regulation are risking to

    damage market efficiency and the public confidence in the capital markets.

  • Montner, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Upphovsrätt till alster producerade av artificiell intelligens: Alster åstadkomna av AI-system i förhållande till upphovsrättens skyddsförutsättningar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study whether works produced by artificial intelligence (AI) can receive copyright protection under the Swedish Copyright Act. AI can be described as computer software built on algorithms which can perform tasks similar to humans. Traditionally, copyright laws have been based on humans creating creative and original works. Computer software, including AI-systems, have previously only been used as a tool for humans in the creation of copyrightable works. However, today’s advanced AI-systems are able to generate works without any human assistance in the creative process. Autonomous AI can produce works fully independent, creatively, unexpectedly and with self-determination. Consequently, independent AI challenges current copyright laws. The first legal challenge is whether works produced by autonomous AI systems are copyrightable as original works. Subsequently, it is unclear who, if anyone, owns the works generated by AI. This thesis argues that the harmonised originality criteria and the requirements for copyright protection under the Swedish Copyright Act are inadequate to cope with works generated by autonomous AI. This paper further states that copyright protection for works produced independently by AI is necessary to create incentives for programmers and end-users to construct and use advanced AI systems. How the originality concept and copyright ownership could be changed to incorporate works generated by autonomous AI under the copyright regime are then discussed. The issue whether copyright protection for works produced by independent AI is something desirable is also addressed.

  • Malmsten, Kasper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Plattformsleverantörers upphovsrättsliga ansvar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the liability for the users of platforms as well as the liability of the platform providers themselves in cases where the users of social platforms upload copyrighted material to the platforms according to EU law. The study is also aimed to examine the by the EU proposed “Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market” (2016/0280(COD)), especially in relation to the proposed Art. 13 of the directive, and how the directive might change the liability of the platform providers. The study is regarding the first aim based on established EU law and discusses the liability for users and platform providers mainly through cases from the European Court of Justice. This is done through the legal dogmatic method. The study finds according to established EU law that it is unclear whether the users or the platform providers could be held liable for the communication to the public made without the right holder’s approval according to Art. 3.1 of the Infosoc Directive (2001/29/EG). It is also unclear if the platform providers can benefit from the exemption rules in Art. 12 and 14 of the E-Commerce Directive (2000/31/EG). Concerning the examination of the proposal of the Copyright Directive, it is discussed mainly through a legal policy method. Since the study discusses the proposal of the directive it is primarily how the directive - if it becomes established law – will change the liability for the platform providers, as well as other critique of the proposal that the study examines. The study finds that the current proposal of the Copyright Directive seems to be to unclear in its preliminary design and fails to keep a balance between the protection of the right holder’s rights and the general goals of the EU. The study also finds that the current proposal might not clarify the current uncertainty of the liability for platform providers. 

  • Keilor, Klaralee
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Konkursförvaltarens vårdplikt: En uppsats om vårdpliktens existens och beskaffenhet avseende separationsegendom inom konkursförfaranden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Holmquist, Lori
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Nödvärnsexcess: Särskilt om vilka omständigheter som beaktas vid tillämpningen av BrB 24 kap. 6 §2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the provision of excusable excess in the Penal Code, Chapter 24 Section 6 has been investigated with a legal-judicial perspective. The provision of excusable excess is applicable e.g. when a person acts in self-defence, but uses excessive violence that is clearly unjustifiable to defend himself. In such cases, there is a possibility for the court to excuse the defendant if the circumstances were such that he had certain difficulties in coming to his senses. Furthermore, the provision is subjective in the sense that the assessment only should be focusing on the individual’s capacity to come to his senses at the time of the incident. However, the meaning of the expression “certain difficulties in coming to his senses” does not appear in the law. The purpose of this thesis has been to investigate the meaning of this expression. More specifically, the thesis has examined which circumstances are relevant in the assessment and the relative importance of these circumstances. The ambition has also been to investigate whether any patterns or structures can be found in the Supreme Court’s adjudication. Therefore, Nils Christie’s theory of the Ideal Victim has been applied to certain precedents from the Supreme Court. More precisely, Nils Christie’s criteria for the Ideal Victim have been applied to the defendant in each case. Thus, it has been possible to investigate whether there are any common denominators among the persons who have, and who have not, been excused because of the provision in the Penal Code, Chapter 24 Section 6. This thesis describes the circumstances that, according to the traditional sources of law, should be taken into consideration in the assessment, as well as the circumstances that have been taken into account in the application of the law. Some conclusions are that certain circumstances, in comparison to the legislator’s intention, are given greater importance in the adjudication. Furthermore, some circumstances are given greater importance than they should, and other circumstances are given less importance than they should. Finally, it sometimes appears that broader moral judgements regarding the defendant are taken into consideration in the assessment.

  • Wellfelt, Emilie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Raja Ampat Ritual Art: Spirit Priests and Ancestor Cults in New Guinea’s Far West, by Raymond Corbey2019In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 175, no 1, p. 95-97Article, book review (Other academic)