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  • Unge, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    A pedagogical waste of time or a vital necessity: A qualitative study investigating teacher attitudes toward explicit grammar instruction in L2 learners2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of explicit grammar instruction has been and still is debated within the SLA (second language acquisition) discourse community in terms of efficacy and place within second language education (Ellis, 2014, Norris & Ortega, 2000). A vast amount of international research has been conducted and has found positive evidence for explicit grammar instruction in L2 classrooms; however, on a national level, while available for the subject of Swedish, the amount of established research about explicit grammar instruction in English classrooms is scarce. Moreover, SNAE’s (Swedish National Agency of Education) official documents for English do not explicitly mention the theme of grammar. This study primarily aims to fill this research gap by conducting qualitative research in the form of semi-structured interviews with practicing English high school teachers in Sweden to investigate their attitudes toward explicit grammar instruction for L2 learners of English. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and qualitatively analysed and further discussed in this paper. The attitudes of the participating teachers are then discussed from a broader perspective and in relation to previous research. The general findings were divided into four categories: firstly, every participating teacher believed that explicit grammar instruction is a necessity for the L2 learner for various pedagogical and language developmental reasons. Secondly, the absence of explicitly stated comments regarding grammar teaching in the official curriculum and syllabi was considered an issue. Thirdly, the participants all emphasized that explicit grammar instruction needs to be conducted in relation to practical work done by the learner in order to maximize efficacy; grammar instruction for its own sake was considered redundant. Lastly, the participants brought up the metalinguistic aspects of language learning in relation to grammar instruction. The absence of direct mentioning of grammar in the curriculums and syllabi can be, in part, due to the focus on the communicative aspect of English, strongly enforced by SNAE in the official educational documents. This degree project provides suggestions for future research and strongly advocates for more established short- and long-term research within the field of study for future improvements to teaching English as well as to the design of language course curricula and syllabi in general.

  • Rad, Ala
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Anti-Oppressive Education and Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Bluest Eye, first published in 1970, written by Nobel Prize winner Toni Morrison, deals with issues of race, racial self-loathing, white hegemony and abuse in many different forms. Implicit in the novel is the dual relationship between oppression and white hegemony, which is embedded in many social structures Morrison portrays. As such, this novel speaks to the educational requirements stipulated by the Swedish National Agency for Education, which state that the English 7 course in upper secondary school in Sweden is required to deal with societal issues, social conditions and, further, ethical and existential issues in different contexts and parts of the world. The aim of this study is, accordingly, to examine how these requirements can be met by means of a teacher-led reading of Morrison’s novel. Consequently, the study presents a project proposal based on a teacher-led reading of The Bluest Eye in connection to Kevin K. Kumashiro’s theories on anti-oppressive education. The study shows that using The Bluest Eye with the help of Kumashiro’s theories and methods on anti-oppressive education can help educators implement an anti-oppressive method in the literary classroom and lead to students gaining insight into the issues of oppression, marginalization, and privilege.

  • Trykacz, Katarzyna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Investigating Swedish EFL teachers' attitudes towards extensive reading practices in Upper Secondary Edication2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ahokas, Oona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    He or She or They: Generic pronoun use among Finnish and Swedish L2 speakers of English2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of pronouns by native Finnish and Swedish L2 speakers of English was tested in order to discover a possible cross-linguistic transfer. The participants were tasked to refer to gender-ambiguous antecedents in both oral and written form as well as report their attitudes towards issues regarding gendered language and gender in society. The hypotheses were that either the gender-neutrality of Finnish would cause the Finnish participants to use more neutral pronouns or that the Swedish speakers would be more neutral because they are more familiar with the issue of gendered pronouns than the Finns. No statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding the neutrality of pronouns, but there were some statistically significant differences between the occurrences of gender neutral pronouns (p=.0001). There was also a statistically significant difference in the attitudes (p=.0016); the Swedes were more in favor of gender-inclusive language and aware of gender discrimination in society. The results of the study bear implications to the importance of early gender inclusive language education.

  • Flygare, Stella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    "CELLU-LIT": : a pragmatic study of Body Positive Language on Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, two female-led Instagram accounts within the Body Positivity movement

    were analyzed to see what type of linguistic strategies are employed in order to build

    solidarity with their followers, as well as establish and maintain a shared group identity.

    The analysis was carried out by utilizing Appraisal Theory as taxonomized by Martin

    and White (2005) and aspects of Politeness Theory, as taxonomized by Brown and

    Levinson (1987). The paper found that the two Instagram users linguistically employed

    several aspects of both theories in order to build and maintain a group identity within a

    common-identity community. In terms of Politeness Theory the positive politeness

    strategies were more common than the negative politeness strategies, specifically were

    the positive politeness strategies employed to build common ground and the strategy of

    presupposition manipulations the most prevalent. Within the Appraisal theoretical

    framework, the most common strategies by the Instagram users were the disclaim:deny

    and the proclaim:pronounce strategies.

  • Islam, Nitia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Task design and students’ interactional skills: A qualitative study2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Classroom interaction plays a very important role in second language acquisition and it is therefore worth investigating. This paper aims to explore the different types of strategies that participants use while performing oral tasks. The focus of the study is dual: while the study focuses on task-based oral performance, it also considers the impact that the use of written vs visual input might have on the participants’ oral engagement. This qualitative study uses conversation analysis as a method to analyse the students’ interactional practices. This particular study was conducted in a high school in Bangladesh with eight 8th grade students (i.e., 12-13 year old students). Participants were given two tasks using two different types of media (written vs visual) and were video recorded as they completed the tasks. The result shows differences in interactional practices and in the students’ degree of engagement.

  • Simion Malmcrona, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Variation in Assessment: A Coh-Metrix Analysis of Evaluation of Written English in the Swedish Upper Secondary School2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reliable evaluation is an important part of language education. However, reliable

    evaluation of student writing is notoriously difficult to achieve nationally. To better

    understand what evaluators value in upper secondary English education in Sweden this

    study has examined correlations between grading and linguistic variables in student

    writing using Coh-Metrix, a natural language processor. Previous studies in Hong Kong

    and the U.S. have shown that linguistic and lexical sophistication have a high correlation

    with good grades, while explicit cohesive devices have a negative correlation with grades.

    Results have varied depending on level of proficiency and there are indications that

    evaluators have cultural differences. Seventy-nine essays from the national test for the

    course English 6, from two different schools and teachers were analysed in this study.

    The study asked: What language variables correlate with grades, and how do two teachers

    differ in their value of quality? In order to answer this, correlations between grades and

    all 106 Coh-Metrix indices were calculated and t-tested for significance. The ten most

    highly correlating variables were then compiled, with very similar indices excluded.

    Correlation scores of the same variables but for both teachers separately were then

    compiled for comparison. The ten highest correlations for both teachers separately were

    also compiled along with scores for the same indices for the other teacher. The results

    showed similarities with previous studies. Lexical sophistication correlated significantly

    with grades and indices measuring explicit cohesive devices showed significant negative

    correlations with grades. Surprisingly however, syntactic complexity did not correlate

    clearly with grades. The highest correlating indices differed between teachers but were

    mostly connected to cohesion or word choice. In all, the results showed that while

    teachers seem to differ in their evaluative focus, they do in fact value similar aspects of

    student writing.

  • Fazlji, Adis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Examining the language ideologies of highly proficient English speakers in Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Taking into consideration Bourdieu’s theories on language and symbolic power, the current study aims to examine how English speakers in Sweden use language in different settings, at work and outside of work, to determine if language ideologies can be perceived or identified. The method chosen for investigating this was language portraits and semi-structured interviews. Three participants, university staff at an English-speaking department, drew two language portraits each and performed a semi- structured interview. The study showed that there might be a hierarchy of languages apparent both at the workplace and outside, where proficiency in Swedish might be what dictates the reason of exclusion being perceived by the participants.

  • Elsner, Catharina
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Den nyestetiska rörelsen inom pedagogiken i England och USA1999Book (Other academic)
  • Forbes Halldén, Malvina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Cr-spinels in the Franklinian Mobile Belt: a geochemical record of Paleozoic tectonics2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The chemical compositions of Cr-spinel extracted from mafic and ultramafic rocks collected on Ellesmere Island in the Arctic Canadian Archipelago were obtained through electron microprobe analyses. The extensively altered rocks are sampled from rock units in the Franklinian MobileBelt, which is representative of a Paleozoic tectonically active oceanic regime of which little is presently known. The evolutionary trend of the ocean basin may have changed when the exotic crustal fragments now called the Pearya terrane were accreted to the North American margin through poorly understood tectonic processes sometime prior to the Devonian. The results of the analysis are used to determine the tectonic setting associated with the rock units. The results reveal that the Cr-spinels predominantly have a supra-subduction zone geochemical signature, suggesting an island arc origin.

  • Carter, James
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    Palaeoenvironmental significance of the planktonic foraminifera genus Turborotalita in the central Arctic Ocean: Step-1: morphology2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Young, Nathan Joel
    Queen Mary, University of London, United Kingdom.
    Rhythm in late-modern Stockholm: Social stratification and stylistic variation in the speech of men2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main finding of this thesis is that rhythm is a stratified variable in the speech of men in Stockholm. An epicenter for the social forces associated with late modernity, Stockholm is also home to Europe’s ‘first’ multiethnolect (Rinkeby Swedish, Kotsinas 1988a). Swedish-language researchers describe the variety as ‘staccato’, but rhythm has not been thoroughly investigated for any variety of Stockholm Swedish in production.

    Data come from 36 male Stockholmers, ages 24–45, from a stratified sample of social classes. Seventeen self-identify by the term svensk (Swedish) and 19 by the highly racialized term invandrare (literal translation: immigrant). All were born in Sweden save for three who arrived before age seven. Three contextual styles were elicited to capture a speech-formality cline: casual, reading, and radio (reading like a radio announcer). Rhythm is operationalized with an adaptation of the nPVIV algorithm (Low et al. 2000).

    Not only does rhythm stratify predictably in the direction of staccato (low alternation) for the racialized working class, it also is significantly high-alternation/non-staccato in the speech of the white working class. The former is interpreted to be a feature of multiethnolect; the lat- ter a feature of Södersnack, Stockholm’s industrial-era working-class variety. The higher classes produce an intermediate degree of rhythm in their casual speech.

    Rhythm variation among the working classes is also stylistically sensitive. Working-class reading and radio appear to target upper-class casual. The racialized working class shows a stylistic sensitivity that is stronger among younger speakers than old, implying a transition from indicator to marker (Labov 1972a:179) for staccato rhythm. The white working class shows a high degree of stylistic sensitivity regardless of age, implying that high alternation is a Södersnack legacy feature.

    Generational differences in rhythm production are examined within the racialized working class, and a change point is identified between those born before 1983 and those after. Those born before 1983 mainly achieve ‘staccato’ with a reduction of accented phonologically-long vowels. Those born after 1983 achieve it with an innovation; they enlarge unstressed vowels, both phonologically short and long. ‘Reduction’ and ‘enlargement’ refer to duration, f0, and energy. The change point coincides with historical spikes in migration, inequality, and school segregation that would have occurred when the speakers were in adolescence.

    In all contextual styles, age is a stable predictor of rhythm, independent of social class and racialization. Younger speakers of any background have more staccato speech than older speakers of the same background. It is proposed that this is due to the diffusion of contact prosody, for which multiethnolect is one key conduit.

  • Willem, Bieke
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Musch, Sebastian
    Clarice Lispector sobre a judaicidade depois da shoah: uma leitura de "Perdoando Deus".2019In: Revista da anpoll, ISSN 1982-7830, Vol. 1, no 50, p. 208-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the view of the Brazilian Jewish author Clarice Lispector on the triangular relation between Jewishness, the Shoah and the chosenness of the Jewish people by combining biographical evidence with a close reading of her short story "Perdoando Deus." Through an analysis of allegorical motifs, "Perdoando Deus" emerges as a historical, philosophical, and personal (anti)theological process. As such, this short story, mostly overlooked due to its obscurity, marks a watershed in Lispector's oeuvre in terms of the recognition of her Jewishness-which she defines not as a religion but as an ethnic category and a collectivity of survivors.

  • Bergman, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry. Institutionen för Naturvetenskap och Teknik, Örebro universitet, Sweden; College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, China.
    Bignert, AndersQiu, YanlingCollege of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, China.Huang, QinghuiCollege of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, China.Yin, DaqiangCollege of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, China.
    长三角地区化学品污染与挑战: 经验与启示2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical Pollution — Challenges in the Yangtze River Delta: Communication Brief is the second and final scientific report of the Chemstrres project. This book covers the results of the cooperation in relation to scientific output, collaborative results and interaction and higher educational achievements including the construction of joint facilities, the Yangtze Environmental Specimen Bank and extended science based exchange. The book is a follow up on Chemical Pollution — Challenges in the Yangtze River Delta (DiVA, id: diva2:1138019). Main results of the ten subprojects performed are given in the book, addressing: i. ecotoxicology studies with the pond snail; ii: on chlorinated paraffins and iii: establishment of the pond snail as a research monitoring species in the Yangtze River Delta. Further. iv: drinking water contaminants were studied in a screening project; v: pollutants in sewage sludge as a mirror of human activities, as well; vi: assessments of persistent and bioaccumulative compounds in wildlife from the Yangtze River Delta were performed; vii: heron eggs were analysed to determine the environmental quality in the region as well as viii:  monitoring of pollutants in mothers’ milk in the Yangtze River Delta, Sweden and Norway were performed. Finally, ix: investigations were carried out to determine optimal fish species for research monitoring in the Yangtze River Delta and in a subproject number x: chemical pollutants were assessed in indoor dust. Reference to 45 authentic peer reviewed scientific articles are presented in the book.

  • Brånstad, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Ur asken: Petter Mellgren och Philip Gernandt, två namngivna tillverkare av spelmarkeraskar inom den anonyma hantverkstekniken halmintarsia vid sekelskiftet 1700-18002020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min studie fokuserar i första hand på spelmarkeraskar med halmintarsia från sekelskiftet 1700-1800, gjorda av två namngivna tillverkare i Vittskövle men också på halmintarsia som teknik och dess historia. Syftet med studien är att belysa denna något bortglömda men framför allt anonyma teknik genom att studera två tillverkare som hette Petter Mellgren och Philip Gernandt. Jag genomför en föremålsanalys utifrån materiella kulturer av en spelmarkerask gjord av Petter Mellgren och kombinerar denna analys med mikrohistoriska arkivstudier och ett undersökande av publicerat material. Modellen för objektsanalysen är hämtad från E. McClung Flemings Artifact Study – A Proposed Model som publicerades 1974. Det finns väldigt lite skrivet om halmintarsia och forskningsläget är ytterst begränsat. Föremålsanalysens upplägg möjliggör dock en mer tvärvetenskaplig undersökning och gränsar till en historisk och etnologisk studie där forskningsläget är mer omfattande. Studiens resultat visar hur omständigheterna för Mellgren och Gernandt såg ut och problematiserar bilden av halmintarsia som allmoge- eller folkkonst. Tekniken utfördes under specialiserade former och studien visar på en tillverkning och distribution utanför styrande skråsammanslutningar. Undersökningen påvisar en koppling mellan de namngivna tillverkarna och den högadliga familjen Barnekow, vilket kan ha varit avgörande för produktion och distribution av föremålen. Undersökningen visar också på visuella samband mellan tysk och svensk produktion under mitten av 1700-talet men indikerar även likheter mellan de undersökta spelmarkeraskarna och franskt mode mot slutet av århundradet där optiska och geometriska uttryck var gällande. Studien belyser material och tekniker från tiden men även användningen av spelmarkeraskar och vilka dessa var riktade till.

  • Öhman, Måns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Sugfläsket, utkanten och återvändsgränden: Staden och det offentliga rummet i svensk prosa under mellankrigstid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har undersökt hur staden och det offentliga rummet gestaltas litterärt i fyra svenska verk från mellankrigstiden. Vidare har uppsatsen sökt att besvara om användningen av staden och det offentliga rummet karaktäriseras av någon typ av kamp och konflikt där olika normativa värden kopplade till offentligheten krockar med varandra. Det aktuella materialet utgörs av Martin Kochs roman Arbetare – en historia om hat (1912), Rudolf Värnlunds två noveller ”I förstaden” (1921) och ”I återvändsgränden” (1925) samt Erik Asklunds roman Fanfar med fem trumpeter (1934). Uppsatsen har sökt att besvara huruvida den samhälleliga förändringen som präglar svensk mellankrigstid, i form av ökad demokratisering och urbanisering, också tar sig uttryck i den litterära gestaltningen och om verklighet och fiktion korresponderar med varandra. För att belysa den relationen har verken analyserats i kronologisk följd. Uppsatsen har kunnat visat ett samband mellan hur staden beskrivs litterärt och samhällsutvecklingen under den aktuella tidsperioden. I Martin Kochs roman från 1912 är staden tydligt uppdelad efter klass och arbetarna har, förutom på väg till eller hem från arbetet, inte någon tillgång eller rätt till staden över huvud taget. Under 1920-talet, när Rudolf Värnlunds noveller publiceras, går det att skönja en förändring där staden blir mer allt mer tillgänglig och där staden kan användas för att förverkliga sig själv. Den uppdelade staden finns dock fortfarande kvar i Rudolf Värnlunds noveller och i likhet med Martin Koch är det i stadens utkanter de fattiga arbetarna är placerade. I Erik Asklunds roman Fanfar med fem trumpeter (1934) är det tydligt att staden och offentligheten har demokratiserats och att alla, även de allra fattigaste, har tillgång till staden som helhet. Uppsatsen har slutligen också visat att det, främst i Asklunds roman, finns inslag av en normativ kamp och konflikt kring staden och dess rum, något som även det kan förstås utifrån en samhällelig utveckling som lett till ökad demokratisering. Genom ökat tillträde till staden skapas också större möjligheter att utmana och ifrågasätta de regler och normativa värden som upprätthåller stadens offentlighet.

  • Mohseni, Nahid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    LYSSNA PÅ RÖSTERNA AV TRAUMA: Om psykoterapeutens motöverföring i psykoterapi med patienter som erfarit tortyr2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    LYSSNA PÅ RÖSTERNA AV TRAUM

    Om psykoterapeutens motöverföring i psykoterapi med tortyröverlevande

     

                                         

    Åtta leg psykologer, leg psykoterapeuter och psykoanalytiker har intervjuats i syfte att presentera psykoterapeutens motöverföring samt psykoterapeutens förståelse av den egna motöverföringen utifrån psykoterapier med tortyröverlevanden. Intervjuerna har transkriberats. I en tematisk induktiv analys av intervjuerna identifierades tre teman om psykoterapeutens motöverföring 1) empatisk ångest 2) maktlöshet 3) känslornas olika makt. Med avseende på förståelsen av motöverföringen identifierades sex teman 1) livsdriften; det var det som var meningen 2) överföring: iscensättning av allvarligt trauma 3) personlighetsorganisation 4) psykoterapi - förståelse av fasspecifik motöverföring 5) brott; avbrott, rambrott 6) framtiden; psykoterapeutens förändrade livshållning och samhällssyn. Resultatet har stöd i tidigare forskning i de delar som har undersökts. Studien pekar på att samtliga psykoterapeuter upplever empatisk ångest i sin motöverföring i mötet med sina patienter i psykoterapi. Samtliga psykoterapeuters förståelse av motöverföring kommer till stånd utifrån en överföring-motöverförings-matrix som ligger till grund för ställningstaganden i fråga om teknik och metod i psykoterapin. En hållande, härbärgerande, tillitsskapande teknik innefattande bekräftande intervention som metod är i huvudsak rapporterad. Empatisk ångest går genom behandlingens alla faser där främst vikten av att hålla och skapa tillit samt att administrera livsdriften uppfattats som viktigt.  Utifrån Wilson och Lindy (Wilson & Lindy 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004) diskuteras empatins roll i posttraumatisk psykoterapi vilket utgör huvudfyndet i föreliggande studie.

  • Backman, Carolina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Isabelle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Betydelsen av personlighet för självmedkänsla och rädsla för medkänsla2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan millennieskiftet har forskningen om medkänslans funktion ökat. Människor som fått hjälp med att utveckla medkänsla för sig själva och andra uppvisar mer positiva och mindre negativa känslor. Denna studie fokuserar på sambandet mellan personlighet enligt femfaktorteorin och självmedkänsla samt rädsla för medkänsla från andra. 129 personer, både studerande och icke-studerande besvarade en digital enkät. Pearsons korrelationsanalys visade att Självmedkänsla erhöll signifikanta positiva samband med Extraversion, Agreeableness samt Conscientiousness. Rädsla för medkänsla från andra korrelerade signifikant negativt med dessa variabler. En regressionsanalys visade att det mest betydande sambanden återfanns mellan Neuroticism och Självmedkänsla samt Rädsla för medkänsla. Openness hade inget signifikant samband med någon av medkänslavariablerna. Resultaten kan tolkas som att neurotisk personlighet och låg självmedkänsla samt hög rädsla för medkänsla är kopplat till självkritiska tankesätt. Forskning bör framöver fokusera på hur man ökar självmedkänsla och förmågan att ta emot medkänsla hos personer med hög Neuroticism och vidare undersöka personlighetens roll för de två medkänslavariablerna.

  • Frejd, Andrea
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenhaug, Pernilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Är du nöjd med graden av flexibilitet i arbetet, att kunna påverka när, var och hur du arbetar?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsmarknadens nya villkor möjliggör för arbetstagare att vara mer flexibla, ta ansvar för, och planera sitt arbete på ett nytt sätt. Flexibilitet i arbetslivet studerades genom tre dimensioner: arbetstid, arbetsplats och arbetsutförande, utifrån individens perspektiv. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur nöjda arbetstagarna var med graden av flexibiliteti arbetet utifrån de tre dimensionerna, och att undersöka om nöjdheten hade ett samband med upplevd konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv samt intentionen att byta arbete. Datainsamlingen gjordes med hjälp av ett enkätformulär och totalt deltog 147 personer. Resultatet visade att lågreglerade arbetstagare, d.v.s. de som hade hög grad av flexibilitet,var mer nöjda med graden av flexibilitet (M = 4,18; SD = 0,60) än de som var högreglerade (M = 3,31; SD = 0,88). Nöjdhet i de tre flexibilitets-dimensionerna förklarade tillsammans 5% av variansen i konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv och 26% av variansen i intentionen att byta arbete. Som arbetsgivare kan det vara fördelaktigt att inte bara erbjuda flexibla möjligheter utan att även se till att de anställda är nöjda med den flexibilitet de har i arbetet.

  • Mikaelsson, Olivia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetsplatsinlåsning före och efter karriärcoachande och hälsofrämjande insatser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning har påvisat att arbetsplatsinlåsning hänger ihop med försämrad hälsa och risk för sjukskrivning. Tidigare studier har även sett att arbetsplatsinlåsning ofta är bestående över tid. Hur individer kan ta sig ur arbetsplatsinlåsning och förbättra sitt välbefinnande, har däremot inte studerats i någon större utsträckning. Föreliggande studies syfte var att undersöka om två insatser; en hälsofrämjande (samtalsterapi) och en hälsofrämjande i kombination med karriärcoachning (samtalsterapi kombinerat med yrkeslivsplanering), kunde minska andelen arbetsplatsinlåsta. Med en longitudinell design undersöktes arbetsplatsinlåsning hos 89 deltagare. En webbenkät besvarades innan påbörjad insats (T1) och efter avslutad insats (T2). Resultaten av McNemar-test visade inte på några förbättringar över tid och resultaten från logistiska regressionsanalyser visade inte på att typ av insats kunde förklara förändringar i arbetsplatsinlåsning. Nästan lika många deltagare försämrades som förbättrades över tid. Föreliggande studies resultat kan medföra en större förståelse för förändringar i arbetsplatsinlåsning och fungera som utgångspunkt för vidare forskning kring ämnet.

  • Malapetsa, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stroop effect with visual and auditory stimuli: Five tasks show the differences in reaction times when auditory and/or visual linguistic stimuli are presented against an image2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stroop effect is the delay in reaction time that is caused by interference. Differences in perception speed of auditory and visual stimuli, as well as the division of selective attention to more than one sources are combined in five different Stroop tasks in this study, involving three stimuli: a picture, a written word and a heard word. Three hypotheses were formed: reaction times will be faster when stimuli agree; reaction times will be slower as tasks become more complex; reaction times will be different when the target stimulus is auditory or visual. Twenty people participated in all five tasks, which involved one or two linguistic stimuli compared against a picture. The first and third hypotheses showed significant results (p<0.001 in both), while the second did not. The results are in accord with previous research, but further research is required in order to better understand the effect of auditory and visual linguistic stimuli on reaction times.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-28 10:00 Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Stockholm
    Kapaca, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    A journey towards complete structure determination of zeolites by electron crystallography methods2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electron crystallography has recently become very successful for structural studies of materials with sub-micrometer sized crystals. In this thesis two major techniques have been applied for structure elucidation – 3-dimensional electron diffraction (3D ED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) imaging. Both can provide information about the structure at the atomic level and have been used for structure determination. During the last decade, two 3D ED methods have been used in our group; the stepwise rotation electron diffraction (RED) method developed in our lab and continuous rotation electron diffraction (cRED) where improvements on the already existing RED method were implemented. Both 3D ED methods can be used for fast structure determination of ordered crystalline materials. HRTEM imaging is very useful for structure determination of more complex and severely disordered materials. For complex structures it is often necessary to combine several methods including powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD).

       Zeolites are microporous crystalline materials. They have complex structures and often synthesized as polycrystalline powders. The aforementioned electron crystallography methods have unique advantages in elucidation of atomic structures of such zeolites. In this thesis, the development of 3D ED methods, especially from RED to cRED, is described through the journey of structure determination of four zeolites; a known pure silicate silicalite-1 for testing the RED method, and three new zeolites. The new zeolites include two extra-large pore germanosilicates ITQ-56 and SYSU-3 and one small-pore aluminosilicate EMM-37. The thesis shows the limitations and advantages of the RED and cRED methods and how different challenges in the structure determination of zeolites are tackled by the advances of 3D ED methods. Finally the thesis presents a detailed structural study of disorders in an aluminosilicate zeolite ITQ-39 by combining HRTEM, RED with sample preparation by ultramicrotomy. The structure of ITQ-39 was determined in 2012 by our group. Here three new zeolite polytypes of ITQ-39 were identified from the HRTEM images and their structure models are proposed.

       A complete structure determination of zeolites includes elucidation of the framework structure, guest species such as structure directing agent (SDA) molecules and ions in the pores, and any structural disorder in the crystal. This thesis reflects to all of these structural characteristics of zeolites, presenting the power of electron crystallography.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-28 09:00 Aula NOD, NOD-huset, Kista
    McGregor, Moira
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Social Order of the Co-Located Mobile Phone: Practices of collaborative mobile phone use2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines mundane practices of everyday phone use to make conceptual, empirical and methodological contributions to ongoing research on mobile technology. It argues that we do not yet have a clear understanding of how the mobile phone is used–who does what, when and why. Yet these details are important if we are to judge the impact of mobile technology, understand the possibilities and dangers it offers, or evaluate claims about its broader impact on our sociality.

    The participation of both the phone user and those co-located is examined–to understand how we actively create and maintain a new ‘social order’ with mobile phones. Across five separate studies, a mix of methods is used to look closely at phone use. Drawing extensively on in situ video recording of device use, as well as interviews and ethnographic observations, the empirical chapters cover three different types of device use: search, messaging, and way-finding. The chapters look at the specifics of how the applications manifest themselves in practice (such as message notifications, or the ‘blue dot’ in map apps), as well as the practices adopted to use, manage and balance those applications within ongoing co-located, face-to-face interactions.

    Empirically, the studies document how co-located phone use is dependent upon the technology, but is also reliant upon new practices of collaboration and co-operation. I discuss how participation is managed (who is involved), the temporal organisation of action (when use occurs), and the recurrent actions and materiality of those practices (what happens). Moment-by-moment analysis of the practices highlights the importance and value of making phone use publicly accountable to avoid disturbing the ‘local order’, but also for sharing knowledge and making sense of the world together, as well as having fun and maintaining friendships.

    The methodological contribution is found in the hybridity of methods adopted to meet the challenge of collecting and analysing data relevant to studying what is happening when we use our phones. A combination of ethnography with video and conversation analysis, and the creative use of probes to support interviews is proposed, to gain access to a broader perspective on phone use. Through reliance upon empirical observation, we can avoid abstract and reductive generalisations about phone use, discussing instead the observable action and resources that do occur recurrently around mobile phone use–how things get done with mobiles.

    Conceptually, the thesis draws on ethnomethodology and conversation analysis for a perspective on how we make sense of the day-to-day interactions we have with one another–how we bring about and sustain the ‘local’ social order. I argue that practices of mobile phone use are constituent parts of local order in everyday life, and that their examination is key to understanding what social order is now like. A conceptual ‘diamond’ of mobile phone practice, broken down into elements of time, body, materiality, and repair is proposed. In conclusion, the thesis highlights the prevalence of phone practices beyond individual, task-oriented pursuits and I finish by reflecting on possible future research to enhance the collaborative, social aspects of mobile technology.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-28 13:00 sal G, Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Stockholm
    Svahn, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism.
    The Dynamics of Extratextual Translatorship in Contemporary Sweden: A Mixed Methods Approach2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is concerned with Swedish translators and the society in which they work. It begins with an exploration of the concept of translatorship, leading up to a three-part distinction of 1) textual translatorship, 2) paratextual translatorship, and 3) extratextual translatorship. Adopting a mixed methods approach, the empirical body of the thesis consists of three studies in which different aspects of extratextual translatorship – defined as the translator’s social role – are investigated. In doing so, the thesis makes new and valuable contributions to the field of agent-oriented translation sociology.

    The first study explores translators’ perceptions of translatorship using data collected through a widely distributed questionnaire. It employs a comparative approach derived from questionnaire-based studies originally designed by Helle V. Dam and Karen Korning Zethsen and previously conducted in Denmark and Finland. Although the group of respondents are fractionalised in many respects, perceptions concerning both the profession’s characteristics and its value on a societal level are highly unanimous. Statistical tests, however, reveal interesting nuances within the broader unanimity. Furthermore, in relation to previous research on translator status conducted in Denmark and Finland, the results display significant similarities but also some noteworthy differences. The second study investigates the ongoing socialisation of two groups of translation students in the process of becoming translators through a longitudinal focus group study. The data, collected over the course of two years, are analysed through deductive thematic analysis. A special emphasis is placed upon exploring the contextual structures in which the students’ socialisation processes are embedded and the structural factors influencing it. In the third study, in-depth interviews were conducted with five individual translators with different specialisations. Using deductive thematic analysis, the functions of their translatorships are investigated from an individual-centred perspective focusing on their respective roles as translators on an individual, professional and societal level, which correspond, respectively, to a concern for personal satisfaction, a sense of social community, and a higher purpose. Such a framework distinguishes and differentiates individual translators’ approaches to the profession while simultaneously providing an encompassing picture of the different functions of translatorship in translators’ lives.

    Overall, the thesis adopts a mixed methods approach in order to generate greater understanding of the dynamics of translatorship in contemporary Sweden. Targeting different levels of translatorship, it unravels a number of significant social dimensions of translatorship, such as the social recognition needed in order to become a translator. Together, the studies also point towards a number of common features as especially relevant for translatorship in contemporary Sweden, namely individualism, entrepreneurialism, collectiveness, translator status, responsibility and exit, i.e. the prospect of leaving the profession. Taken as a whole, the thesis demonstrates the value of a mixed methods approach in the field of agent-oriented translation sociology by shedding considerable light on the links between the translator and society and indicating further avenues through which these links can continue to be explored.

  • Public defence: 2020-02-28 13:00 Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Stockholm
    Hegelund, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Empirical essays on unemployment and business cycles2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines business cycles in Sweden, and the patterns in and driving forces of short- and long-term movements in unemployment in a selection of high-income countries throughout the 20th century. While this has been studied numerous times before, this dissertation starts from the point of view that there is no consensus in social science on how to understand these phenomena. This study consists of an introductory chapter and four related but self-contained papers. One contribution of this thesis is the use of temporal disaggregation methods to estimate more detailed time series on gross domestic product (GDP) and unemployment. New quarterly estimates of GDP are then used, with the help of the Bry-Boschan algorithm, to reconstruct the Swedish business cycle in the period 1913–2014. This identifies a number of new patterns not visible in the annual data. A second contribution is different analyses of the extent to which unemployment can be explained by macroeconomic indicators such as GDP growth, capital formation and productivity. Different methods, such as band spectrum regression and wavelet analysis, are used to capture longer-term effects. Numerous results are presented that indicate that macroeconomic performance, notably capital formation, can have medium- to long-term effects on unemployment. This is in line with theoretical models on equilibrium unemployment that take account of the possibility of persistence in the return to long-run equilibrium, or models that comprise more than one unemployment equilibria. While this is not unknown in previous research, it contradicts several highly influential versions of equilibrium unemployment models, as well as a great body of research on the subject. These contributions have several important implications for future research. Historical chronologies should take account of the possibility that data of higher or lower frequency may lead to important differences in results. Empirical and theoretical research on labor markets should continue to investigate more deeply the possibility that unanticipated short-term events can have long-term effects on labor market outcomes.

  • Nordquist, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Rosenblad, Katinka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Specialpedagogisk funktion i förskolan - en förutsättning för kvalité: Några specialpedagogers uppfattningar kring tidiga insatser och relationers betydelse2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots vetskapen om att tidiga insatser är viktiga finns det en bristande kvalité i svenska förskolor när det gäller arbetet med barn i behov av särskilt stöd. En direkt avgörande faktor för att hålla en hög kvalité i förskolan är pedagogers förmåga att ha ett relationellt förhållningssätt i mötet med barn och i samband med det spelar tillgång till specialpedagog en viktig roll. 

    Syftet med den här studien är att synliggöra specialpedagogers uppfattningar om tidiga insatser och deras roll i arbetet med relationer och samspel i förskolan. Bioekologisk systemteori, tillsammans med ett intersubjektivt perspektiv, har varit vägledande i analys- och tolkningsarbetet. Studien är kvalitativ och inspirerad av en fenomenografisk metodansats. Empirin bygger på semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta specialpedagoger. Ur studien framkom uppfattningar att behovsanpassade utbildningar, handledningens flexibilitet samt specialpedagogernas arbete med att lyfta vikten av relationer tillsammans utgör en del av tidiga insatser. Behovsanpassade utbildningar bidrar till att öka pedagogers kompetens och specialpedagogen kan genom handledning hjälpa pedagogerna att se helheten. I handledningssituationen kan specialpedagogen synliggöra ett relationellt förhållningssätt genom att betona vikten av att se vem barnet är snarare än vad det är. Specialpedagogen behöver dessutom vara flexibel och lyhörd för att möta pedagogerna där de är. En förskola med hög kvalité kan ses som en tidig insats men då behöver specialpedagogens arbete och funktion förtydligas och förstärkas, något som denna studie kan ha bidragit till.

  • Kaaresdotter, Antonia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Persson, Liza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Så nära men ändå så långt ifrån: En kritisk diskursanalys av åtta pedagogers utsagor gällande deras erfarenheter av att arbeta på skolor med grundsärskola och grundskola2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through statements from eight educators regarding their experiences of working in schools with both compulsory school and compulsory school for pupils with learning disabilities, the purpose of this study is to elucidate some of the discourses and on the basis of these illuminate ableism in a Swedish school context. Our questions are: What discourses appear in the educators statements? What signs of ableism are in the discourses?

    The theoretical framework of the thesis is ableism and discourse analysis. The data collection was conducted through interviews with four educators in compulsory school for pupils with learning disabilities and four educators in compulsory school. Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis was used as a method and, in summary, seven discourses emerged: diagnosis, normality, curriculum, marginalization, inclusion, categorization and fundamental values discourse. We found indications of ableism in the discourses and put them in a social context.

  • Grönlund, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tegnemyr, Heidi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Bedömning av elevers läsförmåga: En kvalitativ studie om speciallärares uppfattningar om screeningmaterial i årskurs F-32019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka några speciallärares uppfattning om screeningmaterial som används inom läsinlärningen i de tidiga skolåren. Studien har inspirerats av en fenomenografisk metodansats med kvalitativa intervjuer då vi var intresserade av speciallärarnas uppfattning av screeningmaterial. Intervjuer genomfördes med nio speciallärare, dessa har sedan transkriberats och analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analys. Detta resulterade i fem huvudteman: Valet av screeningmaterialScreeningmaterialens möjligheter och begränsningarLärares bedömning vs screeningmaterialLärarkompetens samt Vikten av analys och tillämpning av dess resultat. Speciallärarna i studien är överens om att screeningtester behövs för att säkerställa att alla elever som har eventuella läs- och skrivsvårigheter identifieras, däremot var uppfattningen att testresultatet inte är till gagn för eleverna utan att en analys genomförs och denna bör även klasslärare vara delaktig i för att eleverna ska få den insats som de har behov av. Resultatet visar dock att det är svårt att finna ett screeningtest som är anpassat efter elevernas varierande förutsättningar och bakgrunder. När det handlar om hur stor bestämmanderätt speciallärarna har vad gäller att välja vilket eller vilka screeningtester som ska användas visar studien att det varierar. I vissa kommuner finns gemensamma screeningplaner med tester som skolorna är ålagda att göra medan det i andra är upp till varje skola och speciallärare att avgöra. Speciallärarna uttrycker vidare en oro över att dagens nyutexaminerade lärare inte har den kompetens som behövs inom läsinlärning och att elever därmed riskerar att få en undermålig läs- och skrivundervisning. 

  • Wiik, Jennie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Hynning, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Lässvårigheter och Response to intervention (RTI): En systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Harnafi, Sadia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La motivación de los alumnos en elnoveno grado: el español comolengua extranjera en la escuelasecundaria básica2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Este ensayo se enfoca en la motivación de los alumnos en noveno grado, en el contexto sueco,el objetivo ha sido investigar lo que motiva o desmotiva a los alumnos en la adquisición delespañol como lengua extranjera, sobre todo lo que les motiva para seguir estudiando españolcomo lengua extranjera. La perspectiva teórica es la de la motivación interna y externa (Ryany Deci, 2009). El método aplicado es un cuestionario que consiste en preguntas sobre lo queafecta su experiencia, motivación y sus futuros estudios en el bachillerato. Tambiénproporcionamos información básica sobre la motivación para aprender lenguas extranjeras envarios aspectos y la desmotivación, así como una presentación de la asignatura de españollengua extranjera en Suecia. A modo de conclusión, los resultados muestran que los alumnosdan mucha importancia a la parte afectiva de la enseñanza, es decir, si esta se percibe comodivertida o aburrida. La mayoría de los alumnos estaban de acuerdo en que lo que los motivaes obtener puntos de mérito alto y poder hablar español con fluidez.

  • Romatowski, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    För att alla knän skall böjas för Jesu namn: En studie av bruket och vördnaden av Bernardinus av Sienas tavla med YHS-symbolen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den sedermera helgonförklarade Bernardinus av Siena kom att bli en av 1400-talets stora folkpredikanter och spred under decennier av idogt predikande runtom i Italien den religiösa strömningen observansens läror. Ett av franciskanmunkens främsta verktyg för att nå ut med sitt budskap, som syftade till en återgång till kristendomens ursprungliga läror, var att använda sig av en målning med bokstäverna YHS, vilket är en tidigkristen förkortning för Jesu namn på grekiska. I slutet av massammankomsterna lyftes konstföremålet upp av predikanten och vördades intensivt av de extatiska åhörarna/betraktarna. I uppsatsen undersöks motiven bakom Bernardinus skapande, bruk och spridning av tavlan med YHS-symbolen samt hur predikopublikens reaktioner på den kan förstås. De teoretiska perspektiv som används är teorierna om den visuella kulturen som skapare av inre bilder, den tidigmoderna substitutionen samt textens funktion som verktyg för spridning av visuell information innan tryckpressens genombrott. Semiotiken och den semiotiska antropologin är de metodologiska hjälpmedlen i analysen. Undersökningen visar på att Bernardinus huvudsakliga syfte med användandet av tavlan med Jesusmonogrammet var att väcka affekt hos åhörarna/betraktarna. Genom det ville han sedan bilda predikopubliken, men även mäkla fred i de våldsdrabbade italienska renässansstäderna. Därför var en relativt lättolkad symbol för frälsarens namn ett användbart medel för att nå fram till de troendes inre. Det okomplicerade uttrycket underlättade också spridningen och innebar att Bernardinus inte riskerade större förvanskningar av sitt budskap. Vad gäller predikopublikens starka respons på exponeringen inför målningen kan den förstås utifrån tavlans roll som både representant för Jesus och levandegörare av det transcendenta. På så sätt kan det argumenteras för att åhörarna/betraktarna på Bernardinus av Sienas predikningar ansåg sig komma i direkt kontakt med en gudom. Samtidigt var relationen mellan predikanten och hans åhörare inte okomplicerad, utan byggde på ständiga omförhandlingar där intentionen inte alltid korrelerade med utfallet.

  • Park, Min-jeong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Bolagsledningens skadeståndsansvar gentemot bolaget och aktieägare iSverige och Sydkorea: En komparativ analys2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is a comparative study on Liability of Members of the Board of Directors and the Managing Director in Sweden and South Korea. Since there is no research which has dealt with a comparative study between the rules in Sweden and South Korea, there is ample room for research in this field of company law. In this context, the purpose of this study is to illuminate similarities and differences between the rules in Sweden and South Korea, and to in-vestigate if the rules are in need for change. This study will be carried out in a comparative context according to the comparative method, the legal dogmatic method and the legal analysis method. The main subject for this study is the liability rule in chapter 29, section 1 in the Swedish Company Act and article 399 and 401 in the South Korean Commercial Act. It has been shown in this study that the fundamental structure of the rules has many similarities while certain particular criteria in the rules display certain differences. The rules in both countries regarding liability for the board of directors and the managing director against shareholders apply under more restricted circumstances, compared to the rules regarding liability for the board of direc-tors and the managing director against the company. Based on the comparisons which have been carried out in this study, an investigation whether the rules are in need for change will be followed. In this study, it is concluded that a clearer and more specific regulation of the duty of loyalty is needed in Swedish Company Act. Meanwhile, a change in the corporate organisational structure is needed in the South Korean Commercial Act. Moreover, it is subsequently concluded that the liability rules against shareholders in both countries are too restricted and a change might be needed in order to protect shareholders’ interests.

  • Tegenfeldt, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Processuell editionsplikt: Om avvägningen mellan editionsparternas intressen2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under the Swedish regulation on procedural duty of disclosure, it has long been the case that three requirements must be fulfilled in order for the court to be able to issue an order to release a document: the document must be in writing, the counterparty must possess the document and it has to be assumed that the document have significance as evidence. In a recent ruling, the Supreme Court stated that the courts also should weigh the interests of the parties (on one hand, the relevance of the evidence, and, on the other hand, the counterparty’s interest in not disclosing the information). The latter requirement has been criticized for its unforeseeable nature. Neither the Supreme Court nor the legislature have clarified the manner in which the courts should weigh the interests of the parties.     

    The aim of this thesis is to clarify how the courts shall carry out the weighing of interests. The legal method will be applied in order to achieve the purpose. A majority of the material used in this thesis consist of statements in the legal literature. Unfortunately, there is generally a shortage of material. Rulings from lower courts will therefore be used to some extent.     

    The aforementioned weighing of interests constitutes a proportionality test. This proportionality test applies accordingly with regard to other coercive measures such as freezing orders. Sources of law dealing with the weighing of interests with respect to other coercive measures may therefore form a basis for the analysis.      

    It is merely possible to give general instructions regarding the manner in which the proportionality test should be carried out. The courts ought to reject a claim for disclosure if an approval would have led to severe consequences for the counterparty. A court could however, in spite of eventual minor consequences suffered by the counterparty, sustain a claim for procedural disclosure if the documents have high value as evidence.

  • Svantesson, Josef
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kriminalisering: Terrorismlagstiftning och dess begränsning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Magnell, Nils
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Skadestånds- och konventionsrättslig konformitet: En analys av EKMR:s införlivande i svensk privaträttslig skadeståndsrätt utifrån ett systemteoretiskt perspektiv2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Convention on Human Rights was ratified by Sweden in 1952. Since then it has been made clear that Sweden, as a contracting state, can be held accountable for infringements of its constituent’s human rights. Such a claim can be pursued using two different systems of torts. On the one hand, it is possible for an individual to lodge an application with the European Court of Human Rights. On the other hand, there is a liability rule in the Swedish Tort Liability Act enabling private parties to sue the state or a municipality when there has been a damage because of such a violation.

    The purpose of the following paper is to see what impact the European Convention on Human Rights have on torts in private relations. Even if one private party could not violate another’s human rights, the system of dispute resolution – the Swedish courts – is bound by the convention. This indicates that the two systems of torts, the Swedish and that of the European Court of Human Rights, are intertwined. These two systems will be analysed and compared.

    The paper will apply a methodological perspective in pursuit of finding similarities and differences in the two systems. By looking at different aspects and details, and from these form inductive generalizations, a theory of conformity will be presented. The result of this analysis will be that the European Convention of Human Rights is a fluid and amorphous instrument, and its content cannot be fixed. This means that a national system of sanctions for violations of these rights, must be equally amorphous. Having regard to the need of legal certainty, sanctions based solely on the convention are ill-fitted for private parties. However, the functions and purposes of the different systems of torts indicate that there are several ways in which the practice of the European Court of Human Rights may influence the native Swedish system of torts. These influences also affect the way in which private disputes can be resolved.

    The paper is divided into three separate parts. In Part I, the Swedish system of tort liability is laid out. The presentation will be structured as an analysis of four basic elements of a Swedish tort assessment. Part II will focus on the European Convention on Human Rights. This part will be divided between a presentation of the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights on the one hand and the application of the convention in Sweden on the other. Part III will offer a conclusion of the paper, where the structure will mimic that of Part I, offering suggestions on how the European Convention on Human Rights may influence a Swedish tort assessment in private relations.

  • Löfgren, Moa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Överskottsinformation: En analys av SOU 2018:61 och de ändringar som utredningen föreslagit i regleringen av överskottsinformation enligt 27 kap. 23 § RB2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of surplus information was previously an unregulated area, but in 2005 a new regulation was introduced that restricts the use such information arising from the use of secret coercive measures. Restrictions of this kind have been subject to discussion over the years and the reasons given for the need of restrictions have varied. The current regulation of surplus information was subject to criticism already during the legislative work. In recent years it has been questioned whether the regulation fulfills the requirements of the Swedish constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. In 2017 a government committee was appointed to analyze whether the regulation was compatible with these requirements. The committee presented their proposals in a final report in 2018, but so far the government has not submitted a bill. In summary, the committee’s proposals imply an extension of the use of surplus information.

    The use of surplus information raises a number of issues related to the conflicting interests of an efficient law enforcement and personal integrity as well as procedural guarantees. Due to the foregoing, the purpose of this essay is to analyze and problematize SOU 2018:61 and the amendments proposed by the report concerning the regulation of surplus information. To achieve the purpose set out, this essay will, by using a legal dogmatic method, review the relevant fundamental freedoms and rights as well as criminal procedure law principles, account for applicable law, examine the reasons behind the restrictions stated in the current regulation, deal with ambiguities and problems that may arise from the current regulation and analyze the the new report and the proposals presented in 2018.

    In the final chapter, the essay raises several aspects regarding surplus information that are not addressed in the report which may be of importance for the government to take into account when drafting a bill. Furthermore, the essay observes and discusses a number of ambiguities and problems that the committee’s proposals may entail. In light of these ambiguities and problems, the essay also provides suggestions on how the proposals can be improved. Finally, the essay raises the question whether the regulatory framework regarding secret coercive measures may be in need of a more fundamental change.

  • Bernhardt Hjelm, Anton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Att överklaga förvaltningsbeslut till Överklagandenämnden för högskolan: Rätt till överklagan och domstolsprövning av förvaltningsbeslut tagna av universitet, högskolor och yrkeshögskolor2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish administrative law has historically shown a lack of compliance with the requirements of access to court in accordance with European law and EU law. Several measures have been taken to address the deficiencies in the right to a court hearing, but in the case of several so-called appeals boards there is still some ambiguity in how well these committees live up to the right to access to court in accordance with European law and EU law. In this essay, the traditional legal dogmatic method is used to examine whether the current regulation regarding appeals from administrative decisions made by Swedish universities, colleges and professional colleges to one of the higher education sector's appeal boards, The Higher Education Appeals Board of Sweden, is compatible with the European law and EU law and obligations Sweden with regard to the right to appeal and a court hearing. The conclusion of the essay is that the prevailing regulation of The Higher Education Appeals Board of Sweden is unlikely to meet some of the requirements for special procedural legal security guarantees as laid down in Article 6 (1) of the ECHR. 

  • Hedin, Christoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ersättning enligt 19 § skogsvårdslagen: En genomgång av skogsvårdslagens tillstånds- och ersättningsbestämmelser avseende fjällnära skog2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lindwall, Emil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Aktiemarknadsbolags informationsskyldighet: Särskilt vid offentliga uppköpserbjudanden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Market Abuse Regulation (MAR) constitutes the main regulatory framework regarding information provision. The purpose of MAR is to protect the integrity of the stock markets and to increase investor confidence in them. Nevertheless, MAR shall maintain a uniform and comprehensible regulation. This thesis espe- cially analyzes article 7 MAR, which describes what constitutes insider infor- mation, and article 17 MAR, which describes when and how insider information is to be disclosed. The thesis also examines whether the regulation is appropriate and legaly certain.Since public takeover bids are recurring on the stock markets and often in- volve large sums of capital, this thesis also investigates what information obliga- tions an offeree company has when it is subject to a public takeover bid. In ad- dition, before a bid is offered, the bidder often wants to conduct a due diligence of the offeree company. Therefore, the extent to which the offeree company can provide selective information to the bidder is also analyzed. Finally, it is examined whether there may be a “stock market legal obligation” for the offeree company’s board to allow a due diligence.Articles 7 and 17 MAR are often applied together by the issuer. Both articles 7 and 17 MAR contain several requisites which are difficult to interpret and vaguely worded. In addition to the fact that it may be difficult for the issuer to determine what constitutes insider information, it can also be difficult to deter- mine when something constitutes insider information. Increased transaction costs are the consequence when issuers are forced to significant monitoring and em- ploy legal expertise to be able to comply with MAR. The result of the vague definitions that follow from articles 7 and 17 MAR is that the most vital rules concerning information disclosure are not sufficiently appropriate to achieve their stated purposes. A potential solution to the problem is that Esma provides guidelines that clarify the requisites in the articles.During a takeover process, different things happen that sooner or later should be considered to be insider information that must be disclosed. In reality, the offeree company often uses the opportunity to postpone a disclosure when they face a possible bid. Nevertheless, offeree companies usually consider that certain information constitutes insider information at an early stage of the process. This can especially cause problems if the information leaks, since the company must then publish the information at an (too) early stage. This in turn can jeopardize the bid and, in the worst case, mislead the market.In essence, selective disclosure is not acceptable as it creates information asymmetries which can damage public confidence in the stock markets. How- ever, exceptions are allowed in a bidder's due diligence, if certain conditions are met. Some contractual agreements would be impossible if selective disclosure was not permitted in certain specific cases.There is no “stock market legal obligation” for the offeree company’s board to admit a due diligence towards the bidder. However, it can be argued that such an obligation exists towards the company’s shareholders.

  • Ljunggren, Bastian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Border Carbon Adjustments – Stuck between a rock and a hard place?: Border Carbon Adjustments legality under the GATT and the CBDR principle and the risk of norm collision.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Vasiliou, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Ogiltighetstalan av en EU-akt: En individs möjlighet att ogiltigförklara en EU-akt som påverkar denne personligen2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Karlsson Minganti, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Studera uppåt - myndighetshantering av statsbidrag till en muslimsk ungdomsorganisation2019In: Eftertankar - sex etnologer korsar sina spår / [ed] Anders Björklund, Barbro Blehr, Simon Ekström, Stockholm: Vulkan förlag , 2019, p. 112-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pia Karlsson Minganti lämnar ett bidrag till den etnologiska traditionen att studera uppåt och kritiskt granska olika former av beslutsfattande och myndighetsutövning. I sin text undersöker hon ett utdraget myndighetsärende där de skiftande turerna belyser synen på statliga bidrag till muslimska ungdomsorganisationer.

  • Lindegren, Sanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kårlycke, Mia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den bästa socionomen är den som orkar arbeta: En kvalitativ studie om emotioner i det sociala arbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how emotions appear in the social work practice and what social workers described as important when coping with emotional labour. This study is based on seven qualitative interviews with social workers in Stockholm, Sweden who comes in contact with people who have a substance abuse. The data is analyzed with an instrument that is called professional quality of life which measures the positive aspects of working as a helper, compassion satisfaction, and also the negative aspects, compassion fatigue.

    The result shows that emotions is a central part of the social work. How the social workers talked about emotions differentiated but we noticed that the social workers more often talked about their negative emotions than their positive emotions which we found very interesting.

    The result also shows that the social workers experienced emotions very different but we found that all of the social workers pointed out that being able to feel good in their work environment was crucial to be able to perform at work. We found two things that were needed to feel good: resources to help the client and opportunity for an outlet and processing of emotions.

  • Collin, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Rosenberg, Linnea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Att göra det som är rätt även om ingen ser på": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares etiska resonemang kring sin yrkesroll2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how social workers in Swedish Child Protective services regard ethical values and what strategies they practice to manage ethical dilemmas occurring in their daily work. Furthermore, we aim to examine if there are differences or similarities in how ethical issues are handled among social workers based on their length of experience in the profession. Qualitative interviews were performed with nine social workers employed in front-line social services, all specialized in child and youth care. The interviewed social workers were chosen from three different municipalities in the county of Stockholm. The theoretical framework used in the analysis was professional ethics with concepts such as virtue ethics and duty ethics, and concepts from the psychological coping strategy model.

     

    Results indicate that social work in Child Protective services is a value-based profession and as such bound to the professionals own individual morality and virtue ethics. There are only minor differences in ethical values and strategies between those with long versus those with short experience and that the influence of virtue ethics in social workers practice is largely confined by the duty ethics governing their profession.

    Key words: Child Protective services, social workers, ethical values, virtue ethics, duty ethics, coping strategies.

     

    Nyckelord: Socialt arbete med social barnavård, socialarbetare, dygdetik, pliktetik, copingstrategier.

  • Kotiranta, Heidi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Engelska kan väl alla, eller?: Engelsklärares upplevelser av undervisning, utmaningar och stöd i ämnet engelska2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kara, Martina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Bengtsson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Vad säger ett bedömningsmaterial om en elevs läs- och skrivkompetens?: En komparativ studie mellan ett reduktionistiskt och ett holistiskt bedömningsmaterial2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa innehållsanalys utgår ifrån två bedömningsmaterial med fokus på årskurs 4–6, Diagnostiska material för analys av läs- och skrivförmåga (DLS) och Nya språket lyfter!. Dessa representerar ett reduktionistiskt- samt ett holistiskt perspektiv på läs- och skrivutveckling. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka förutsättningar dessa material har för bedömning av elevers läs- och skrivkompetens. Genom att undersöka vilka karaktärsdrag och perspektiv som kommer till uttryck samt hur materialen förhåller sig till spänningsfältet mellan summativ och formativ bedömning gjordes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med deduktiv ansats.

    Resultaten visar återkommande att vilket perspektiv på läs- och skrivinlärning som materialen bygger på är avgörande för vilka möjligheter de ger för bedömning. Bedömningsmaterialen är således konstruerade efter vilka kunskaper som författaren vill synliggöra. DLS, som är ett reduktionistiskt material, ger möjlighet att snabbt samla in mätbara data av ett begränsat kunskapsinnehåll och är lätt att administrera och utvärdera. Nya Språket lyfter!, som är ett holistiskt material, möjliggör en mer heltäckande bedömning av elevernas färdigheter som även synliggör deras progression. Det har även ett formativt syfte, både genom att förtydliga nästa steg i lärandet och att ge stöd till lärare för att utvärdera den egna undervisningen. DLS har sin tyngdpunkt i den summativa bedömningen även om den till viss del kan användas formativt i den bemärkelse att läraren kan forma sin undervisning utifrån vad testresultaten visar. De olika bedömningsmaterialen, beroende av deras perspektiv, har därmed olika förutsättningar för bedömning om elevernas läs- och skrivkompetens vilket lärare och speciallärare bör vara medvetna om och ta i beaktning vid val av material. 

  • Gustafsson, Tiina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Juntunen, Antina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Källsortering som handling utifrån Gal’perins teori: - en aktionsforskningsinspirerad studie i grundsärskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att pröva Gal’perins teori som ett redskap för begreppsutvecklande undervisning för elever med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, detta med undervisning om källsortering som exempel. Våra frågeställningar var: 1. Hur kan lärare utifrån Gal’perins teori undervisa så att eleverna kan särskilja vissa material från varandra vid källsortering av i hushållet vanligt förekommande förpackningar?, 2. Hur kan en orienteringsbas av källsortering som en handling se ut? och 3. Hur kan ett orienteringskort om källsortering se ut? Studien genomfördes på en grundsärskola i Stockholmsområdet. Som metod i denna uppsats tillämpades aktionsforskningsinspirerad ansats och datamaterialet bestod av observationer, ljudinspelningar och minnesanteckningar samt intervjuer/samtal med undervisande lärare. Studien bestod i att i tre omgångar pröva ett orienteringsverktyg för att kunna urskilja material som i hemmet vanligt förekommande förpackningar är tillverkade av för att sedan kunna sortera dem rätt. Den orienteringsbas som togs fram baseras på de skrivelser som finns i styrdokumenten. Dessutom angavs instruktioner om att avgöra om förpackningen kan separeras till olika delar, avgöra vilket material förpackningen består av och vilken källsorteringspåse den hör till. Orienteringsverktyget var en del av orienteringsbasen och testerna som eleverna utförde för att urskilja material var dess stödpunkter. Resultatet visar att orienteringsverktyget/-kortet och anpassningarna hjälpte eleverna att utföra handlingen källsortering rätt. Under studiens gång blev det också tydligt att läraren behöver ha goda ämneskunskaper för att kunna ge eleverna en fullständig orienteringsbas för handlingen källsortering. Forskningsunderlag vad gäller såväl Gal’perins teori i grundsärskolan som undervisning i naturorienterande ämnen för elever med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i en svensk kontext saknas. Vidare forskning om tillämpandet av Gal’perins teori förordas.

  • Harglin Hällman, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Mattsson, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Widén, Carin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Läs- och skrivutvecklande interventioner för elever med dyslexiproblematik: En systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wikström af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions. Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Religion och Rätt: Folke Ströms syn på förhållandet mellan religion och rätt i doktorsavhandlingen On the Sacral Origin of the Germanic Death Penalties (1942)2019In: Religionshistorikern Folke Ström: Föredrag från ett symposium i Uppsala den 8 november 2017 / [ed] Andreas Nordberg, Olof Sundqvist, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2019, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Rangne, Ann-Charlott
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Kyring, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Varje dag är inte vardag: Aktionsforskning i grundsärskolan med stegvisa instruktioner för begreppsutvecklande undervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis