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  • Hussénius, Klara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Intersectional patterns of social assistance eligibility in Sweden2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines patterns in social worker decisions on social assistance eligibility in Sweden. Focusing on intersections between applicants’ gender, country of birth and family situation, factors that statistically anticipate decisions on granting assistance to individuals from different sub-groups were explored. The sample comprises 423 applications and four sets of modified Poisson regression models were conducted. The results strengthen the impression of social assistance assessments as a practice marked by the professionals’ categorizations. In line with previous research, social workers seem to act upon, and reinforce, a male breadwinner model by putting more emphasis on men’s efforts to establish self-support. Female applicants, in turn, are seemingly less likely to be granted assistance if they are assessed as having a problem with abuse of alcohol or illicit drugs. Also, having a family seems altogether to have a negative impact on women’s chances of approval. When considering gender and country of birth, decisions on social assistance eligibility largely reflect patterns of unemployment.

  • Melanson, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    PROMPTED Peer Response and Grammatical Errors: Prompted Peer Response vs Unprompted Peer Response inReducing Grammatical Errors2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current classroom environment is filled with expectations for both teacher and student but is often lacking in time. Skolverket (2011) outlines ambitious goals such as developing students’ critical thinking abilities, adapting teaching to each student’s individual needs, and encouraging students to actively take part in the development of their own educational process, to name just a few. It is crucial to develop and use techniques that aid in attaining these objectives. Peer response could be such a tool. There is an abundance of research which demonstrates how effective it is, but there is also a great reluctance on the part of teachers and students alike to employ it in the classroom. This could be due in part to the idea that learners lack the necessary knowledge to correct and give feedback. However, this and other criticisms directed against peer feedback could be alleviated through deliberate formal peerresponse training. Most of today’s research on this topic seems to focus on English as a Second or Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) classrooms in the U.S.A and Asia, with little work having been done in the Swedish context. Also lacking are investigations regarding peer response in grammar testing, since most of the research emphasizes essay writing. This paper aims to add to the body of existing research on prompted peer response by examining its application in English classrooms in Sweden. To do so, two secondary school English classes in Sweden are tested by means of an abbreviated version of Gan’s (2011) prompted peer response model. More specifically, this paper’s objective is to explore if prompted peer response leads to improvements in grammar (operationalized in this case as reducing grammatical errors in a grammar test) when compared to unprompted peer response. In addition, this paper intends to explore whether peer response can possibly produce any additional rewards and what those could be. The results for this study seem promising. The primary results of this paper support the existing research in this area that prompted peer response leads to a reduction in student’s grammatical errors. Perhaps more importantly, the results suggest that it also aids students in developing a progressive approach to peer response which ultimately can lead to students developing learning strategies and self-reflection over their own learning process.

  • Lundqvist, Mari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Vad är vad? Om lärares identifiering av andraspråksinlärning respektive läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos SFI-elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syftar till att undersöka hur sex SFI-lärare upptäcker och fortsätter undervisningen där det finns misstanke om läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Studiens syfte är att undersöka vilka förmågor och praktik som finns för att urskilja läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos andraspråksinlärare samt hur eventuellt stöd är utformat till dessa elever. Undersökningen har genomförts med kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer vilket lämpar sig väl vid undersökning av människors personliga erfarenheter och åsikter. Resultatet som har framkommit i studien visar på lärarnas avsaknad av formell kompetens vid identifiering av läs- och skrivsvårigheter och slutsatsen utifrån denna studie visar på behov av utbildning för att på ett säkert sätt identifiera läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos andraspråksinlärare.

  • Holmdahl, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies. Kvinna.
    ”Seriöst, det känns som att du har glömt genusanalysen?”: En kulturstudie av femininitet och respektabilitet i Melodifestivalen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Melodifestivalen är ett underhållningsprogram som ofta associeras med kvinnor trots att kvinnor inte numerärt är mer framgångsrika än män i tävlingen. Kvinnor tillåts inte heller ta lika mycket plats som män i Melodifestivalen. Masteruppsatsarbetets huvudsakliga syfte är att undersöka vilka former av femininitet som ges utrymme i Melodifestivalen mellan åren 2002 till 2016. Detta har gjorts genom en studie av sekvenser från de TV-sända finalerna av Melodifestivalen. Masteruppsatsarbetet beskriver olika femininiteter utifrån teorier om performativitet, femininitet och kulturella representationer. Detta leder fram till en slutsats som visar att kvinnor representeras i relation till sin kropp genom förväntade vackra utseenden medan män representeras i relation till sin hjärna med expertuttalanden. Fokuseringen på kvinnans utseende representeras dock på olika sätt och de olika formerna av femininitet kan kategoriseras in i kategorierna ”modern/frun”, ”väninnan”, ”divan” och det ”kvinnliga subjektet”. De olika kategorierna förhandlar med femininitetsnormer och respektabilitet på olika sätt där både reproducerande och subversiva handlingar ingår.

  • Helle, Axel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kapital- och vinstandelslån: En studie av gällande rätt och användningsområden2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ljungman, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Straffverkställighet: En analys utifrån det kriminalpolitiska målet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nya straffverkställighetslagstiftningen, med avseende på det behov som lagstiftaren identifierat av en ökad individualisering, i syfte att uppnå en individualpreventiv effekt och en lyckad resocialisering, innehåller vissa grundläggande förutsättningar, som alla kan påverka frågorna om individualisering och proportionalitet. Dessa grundläggande förutsättningar innehåller olika typer av motsättningar, som var och en kan påverka såväl tillämpning och mål. Uppsatsens syfte är att identifiera och beskriva dessa motsättningar i förhållande till proportionalitet och individualitet.

  • Wedin, Marit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Flyktingskap sur place och förföljelse på grund av kön: En studie rörande genusaspekter i flyktingskapsbedömningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Prospektansvar för överlåtbara värdepapper: Särskilt om gröna obligationer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the possibilities for an investor in a prospectus of green bonds to seek

    compensation for false or misleading information. That includes the conditions for

    compensation as well as the liability of different subjects. Furthermore, the importance of

    advises, recommendations and frameworks from green bond market organizations are being

    examined. The purpose is also to discuss if an extended liability for a prospectus or a further

    regulation of green bonds is motivated.

    A green bond is a security that separates from other securities since the proceeds must be

    allocated to environmental friendly projects. The market for green bonds develops mainly

    through advises, recommendations and frameworks from green bond organizations. These are

    a self-regulating part of the market who complements the other regulation well. For instance,

    regarding how to manage the proceeds. A green bond is otherwise regulated through traditional

    bond regulation.

    The prospectus responsibility for false or misleading information is currently only explicitly

    regulated for persons exercising corporate functions, through the Companies Act (ABL),

    chapter 29 paragraph 1. This is due to a formulation in the Prospectus Directive which entails

    the EU member states a wide possibility to design the responsibility according to the national

    law system. Thus, the possibility for an investor, that has suffered a loss due to false or

    misleading information, to claim responsibility from the issuer or a participating subject is a

    choice between two courses of action without explicit support of the law. The two courses of

    action are through tort law or on a contractual basis, of which the latter has a limited support in

    the law. Consequently, the lack of an explicit and transparent state of regulation are risking to

    damage market efficiency and the public confidence in the capital markets.

  • Montner, Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Upphovsrätt till alster producerade av artificiell intelligens: Alster åstadkomna av AI-system i förhållande till upphovsrättens skyddsförutsättningar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study whether works produced by artificial intelligence (AI) can receive copyright protection under the Swedish Copyright Act. AI can be described as computer software built on algorithms which can perform tasks similar to humans. Traditionally, copyright laws have been based on humans creating creative and original works. Computer software, including AI-systems, have previously only been used as a tool for humans in the creation of copyrightable works. However, today’s advanced AI-systems are able to generate works without any human assistance in the creative process. Autonomous AI can produce works fully independent, creatively, unexpectedly and with self-determination. Consequently, independent AI challenges current copyright laws. The first legal challenge is whether works produced by autonomous AI systems are copyrightable as original works. Subsequently, it is unclear who, if anyone, owns the works generated by AI. This thesis argues that the harmonised originality criteria and the requirements for copyright protection under the Swedish Copyright Act are inadequate to cope with works generated by autonomous AI. This paper further states that copyright protection for works produced independently by AI is necessary to create incentives for programmers and end-users to construct and use advanced AI systems. How the originality concept and copyright ownership could be changed to incorporate works generated by autonomous AI under the copyright regime are then discussed. The issue whether copyright protection for works produced by independent AI is something desirable is also addressed.

  • Malmsten, Kasper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Plattformsleverantörers upphovsrättsliga ansvar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the liability for the users of platforms as well as the liability of the platform providers themselves in cases where the users of social platforms upload copyrighted material to the platforms according to EU law. The study is also aimed to examine the by the EU proposed “Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market” (2016/0280(COD)), especially in relation to the proposed Art. 13 of the directive, and how the directive might change the liability of the platform providers. The study is regarding the first aim based on established EU law and discusses the liability for users and platform providers mainly through cases from the European Court of Justice. This is done through the legal dogmatic method. The study finds according to established EU law that it is unclear whether the users or the platform providers could be held liable for the communication to the public made without the right holder’s approval according to Art. 3.1 of the Infosoc Directive (2001/29/EG). It is also unclear if the platform providers can benefit from the exemption rules in Art. 12 and 14 of the E-Commerce Directive (2000/31/EG). Concerning the examination of the proposal of the Copyright Directive, it is discussed mainly through a legal policy method. Since the study discusses the proposal of the directive it is primarily how the directive - if it becomes established law – will change the liability for the platform providers, as well as other critique of the proposal that the study examines. The study finds that the current proposal of the Copyright Directive seems to be to unclear in its preliminary design and fails to keep a balance between the protection of the right holder’s rights and the general goals of the EU. The study also finds that the current proposal might not clarify the current uncertainty of the liability for platform providers. 

  • Keilor, Klaralee
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Konkursförvaltarens vårdplikt: En uppsats om vårdpliktens existens och beskaffenhet avseende separationsegendom inom konkursförfaranden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Holmquist, Lori
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Nödvärnsexcess: Särskilt om vilka omständigheter som beaktas vid tillämpningen av BrB 24 kap. 6 §2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the provision of excusable excess in the Penal Code, Chapter 24 Section 6 has been investigated with a legal-judicial perspective. The provision of excusable excess is applicable e.g. when a person acts in self-defence, but uses excessive violence that is clearly unjustifiable to defend himself. In such cases, there is a possibility for the court to excuse the defendant if the circumstances were such that he had certain difficulties in coming to his senses. Furthermore, the provision is subjective in the sense that the assessment only should be focusing on the individual’s capacity to come to his senses at the time of the incident. However, the meaning of the expression “certain difficulties in coming to his senses” does not appear in the law. The purpose of this thesis has been to investigate the meaning of this expression. More specifically, the thesis has examined which circumstances are relevant in the assessment and the relative importance of these circumstances. The ambition has also been to investigate whether any patterns or structures can be found in the Supreme Court’s adjudication. Therefore, Nils Christie’s theory of the Ideal Victim has been applied to certain precedents from the Supreme Court. More precisely, Nils Christie’s criteria for the Ideal Victim have been applied to the defendant in each case. Thus, it has been possible to investigate whether there are any common denominators among the persons who have, and who have not, been excused because of the provision in the Penal Code, Chapter 24 Section 6. This thesis describes the circumstances that, according to the traditional sources of law, should be taken into consideration in the assessment, as well as the circumstances that have been taken into account in the application of the law. Some conclusions are that certain circumstances, in comparison to the legislator’s intention, are given greater importance in the adjudication. Furthermore, some circumstances are given greater importance than they should, and other circumstances are given less importance than they should. Finally, it sometimes appears that broader moral judgements regarding the defendant are taken into consideration in the assessment.

  • Wellfelt, Emilie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Raja Ampat Ritual Art: Spirit Priests and Ancestor Cults in New Guinea’s Far West, by Raymond Corbey2019In: Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, ISSN 0006-2294, E-ISSN 2213-4379, Vol. 175, no 1, p. 95-97Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Almerud, Eva-Kersti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Gränsöverskridande i Olga Tokarczuks roman Styr din plog över de dödas ben2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My aim with this essay was to write about bordercrossing and border changing in Olga Tokarczuk’s literary work with the main focus on her novel Drive Your Plow over the Bones of the Dead. While writing I came to the conclusion that there are very many different sorts of border changing in the novel, for example borders between countries, borders between fiction and reality, indistinct borders, borders between identities and borders in time and space. However, one distinct bordercrossing, that I had not anticipated, emerged very clearly: the border changing when it comes to genre. Drive Your Plow over the Bones of the Dead characterizes as a detective story, but the more you read the novel, the more you realize, that other themes might be more important than the puzzle. This book holds above all eco fiction and posthumanism. By crossing different borders Olga Tokarczuk has transformed an illusory detective story to a nuanced novel about human life on various levels and in different spaces, about human view on animals and about hunters’ disrespect for animals.

  • Vernier, Michelle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Fashion Studies.
    Design i cirklar: En studie i cirkulär designs inverkan på klädindustrin.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ulmanen, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Min sida – Petra Ulmanen2014In: Män och jämställdhet: betänkande av Utredningen om män och jämställdhet, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014, p. 239-240Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, Stockholm Centre for the Rights of the Child. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Godmanskap för ensamkommande barn – dilemman i det offentligas ansvar2019In: Barn, migration och integration i en utmanande tid / [ed] Karin Helander, Pernilla Leviner, Ragulka Press , 2019, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet belyser godmanskapet för ensamkommande barn och utgör en översikt av regelverket som styr godmanskapet i Sverige och den forskning som finns på området, både internationellt och nationellt. Regelverket som grundläggs i lag (2005:429) om god man för ensamkommande barn (LGEB) är utgångspunkten för genomgången, men godmanskapet blir därtill placerat i ett vidare sammanhang. Ambitionen är att synliggöra dilemman som kan uppstå i förhållande till överförmyndarens rekrytering och tillsyn av gode män samt relationen mellan gode män och deras huvudmän, det vill säga ensamkommande barn. Sex dilemman identifieras. Det handlar om 1) vad barnet ska ha rätt till utöver skydd mot rättsförluster, 2) gränserna för den gode mannens uppdrag i praktiken, 3) överförmyndarens kvalitativa bedömning i rekryteringen av gode män, 4) barnets möjlighet att yttra sig när en god man utses, 5) riskerna för negativ särbehandling genom att gode män för ensamkommande barn regleras genom speciallagstiftning, samt 6) balansen mellan intentioner att skydda ensamkommande barn ”som grupp” och deras skiftande individuella behov, där särskilt det senare ställer krav på den gode mannens kompetens. Kapitlet avslutas med att lyfta frågan om hur godmanskapet och dess förutsättningar och dilemman kan relateras till integration.

  • Anderberg, Sabina
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Hantering av forskningsdata vid Stockholms universitet: Samordningsuppdrag 2017-2018, Universitetsförvaltningen2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms universitet (SU) har som myndighet ansvar för att forskningsdata som produceras vid lärosätet kan hanteras, lagras, tillgängliggöras och bevaras enligt gällande regelverk, rekommendationer och krav. Lärosätet har ansvar för att forskarna har tillgång till en lokal infrastruktur som kan erbjuda tjänster, information om och stöd för korrekt forskningsdatahantering under hela forskningsprocessen. Under hösten 2016 genomfördes Forskningsdataprojektet på uppdrag av dåvarande Förvaltningschefen. Projektet redovisades i rapporten Hantering av forskningsdata vid Stockholms universitet – förslag till strategi och struktur med förslag på ett antal specifika aktiviteter inom tre huvudsakliga identifierade områden – strategi, struktur och system. Samordningsuppdraget från rektor 2017 är baserat på ett urval av de förslag som framkom i Forskningsdataprojektets rapport.

    Den här rapporten kommer allmänt och övergripande beskriva vad som har genomförts inom respektive uppdragsaktivitet och de allmänna förutsättningarna när arbetet övergår från projektform till löpande verksamhet. Rapporten tar inte upp detaljer kring det löpande operativa arbetet.

  • Public defence: 2019-04-26 10:00 David Magnussonsalen (U31), Stockholm
    Azad, Azadé
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Characteristics of adolescent females with limited delinquency: Developmental challenges in relation to family, peers and education2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescence is a developmental period marked with several changes in a young person’s life. Most adolescents who commit crimes desist over time. Despite this, research has mainly focused on those with extensive and long-term delinquency, including mostly males. Young females with limited delinquency are thus an under-researched group. The overall aim of the thesis was to explore the characteristics of young females with limited delinquency, and relate these features to developmental aspects of adolescence. Further, the objective was to study potential challenges they experience, in connection to family, peers and school. All four studies were based on data from young females sentenced to youth service. Studies 1 and 2 include all (N=144) females convicted in a major city in Sweden during 2007–2012. The data collected through self-reports based on ADAD interviews at the beginning of youth service in Study 1 was further complemented and followed up in Study 2 with registry data on education and recidivism 24 months after starting their sentence. Studies 3 and 4 were based on in-depth interviews with nine adolescent females who started their sentence between 2012–2013 in one of two major cities in Sweden. The results confirmed the assumption that this group of offenders displayed limited delinquency. Their self-reports in Study 1 showed low involvement in crimes during twelve months prior to youth service, which was similar to the reporting of a reference group of females in general. Displaying limited delinquency was supported by registry data in Study 2, showing that the majority of the females did not reoffend within two years after being sentenced, as measured by suspicion and conviction rates. However, they did show high educational deficits. This was evident both by high levels of self-reported school problems in Study 1 and final grade point in compulsory and upper secondary school in Study 2. Their educational attainment was lower than adolescent females in general, irrespective of whether they reoffended or not. These findings suggest that although the females were limited in their delinquency, their low levels of education could still put them at risk for suboptimal development. In the interviews, participants ascribed particular importance to peers and family when describing their delinquency. The narratives illustrated how the process of delinquency as it concerned interpersonal relations involved mutually influential exchanges, both contributing to as well as being affected by the delinquency. As such, delinquency was, in Study 3, portrayed as a way to socialize, where delinquent peers were considered important for committing crimes, and pro-social peers for desisting. Likewise, family relations in Study 4 were given a prominent role in the entire process. Accordingly, delinquency was described as a consequence of the relations to the family, where these were negatively as well as positively affected by the crimes. The collective results indicate that committing crimes for the females may be viewed as part of normative development, in which the quest for independence and establishing ones’ identity can contribute to these behaviors. Practical implications for work with young female offenders are also discussed.

  • Public defence: 2019-04-26 13:00 FB52, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm
    Libbrecht, Tine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    The diagnostic potential of the He I D3 spectral line in the solar atmosphere2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research question of my PhD is in a way a simple one: what can observations of the He I Dline teach us about the solar chromosphere? This optical spectral line at 5876 Å is generally formed in the upper chromosphere, and is sensitive to the local magnetic field. The He I D3 line is also indirectly sensitive to heating of the transition region and corona, since it is resulting from a transition that occurs between levels in the triplet system of neutral helium. These levels are generally populated via an ionization-recombination mechanism under the influence of EUV radiation originating in the transition region and corona.

    The He I D3 line was used as a flare diagnostic in the seventies and in the subsequent decades also to measure magnetic fields in prominences. However, due to the poor spatial resolution and low signal-to-noise of that data, almost exclusively off-limb targets have been studied. The on-disk absorption of He I D3 is very weak and localized. Recent instrumental developments allow for the acquisition of high spatial resolution on-disk spectroscopic and spectro-polarimetric data of He I D3 with different instruments at the SST, opening the possibility of studying all types of targets in the chromosphere in a new light. During my PhD, I have focused on the study of reconnection targets via high-resolution observations of He I D3 with TRIPPEL and CRISP at the SST, in co-observation with space-borne instruments. Subsequently, a theoretical study has aimed at in-depth understanding of He I D3 line formation in small-scale reconnection events.

    The data which I have obtained and analyzed during my PhD has provided new insights in Ellerman bombs and flares. Our He I D3 observations have suggested that the temperature of Ellerman Bombs is higher than 2×104 K based on the discovery of helium emission signatures in these events. This result is unexpected, since previous modeling in the literature estimates the temperatures of Ellerman Bombs below 104 K. Subsequently, 3D non-LTE radiative transfer calculations have revealed the detailed physical mechanisms to generate He I D3 emission in these events. The calculations also confirmed that temperatures between 2×104 - 106 K are required to populate the helium triplet levels.

    In the context of flares, we measured strong downflows in the chromosphere via He I D3, revealing detailed dynamics in the deep atmosphere during a flare. Spectro-polarimetry was used to measure the magnetic field during a flare and to propose its magnetic topology. In conclusion, the He I D3 line is an excellent probe for reconnection targets in the solar atmosphere. Detailed dynamics as well as the magnetic field configuration can be derived using the line. Our findings encourage the use of the He I D3 spectral line as a diagnostic for the chromosphere and open up a range of applications that is yet to be exploited.

  • Tillberg, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    I will make machines that fly under water: Electro-kinetic art/design in Latvia in 1970-802015In: Visionary Structures: From Johansons to Johansons / [ed] Ieva Astahovska, Riga: The Latvian Centre for Contemporary Art , 2015, p. 68-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Riessen, Amanda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Dahlin, Sandra
    Barns samspel och interaktion med naturen: Ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med denna studie är att undersöka hur barn i förskolan samspelar och interagerar med naturen. Som metod kommer vi använda oss av observationer, gåturer och informella samtal. Vårt resultat visar att naturens artefakter kan användas för att skapa ett socialt samspel barnen sinsemellan samt skapa ett socialt lärande, barns relationer till naturen och varandra kan uppstå genom socialt samspel eller lek. Genom att barn undersöker och ställer frågor medieras kunskap med hjälp av artefakter i det sociala lärandet (Williams 2011, s 40). Vår slutsats är att barnen på den avdelning som undersökningarna gjordes använde sig aktivt av de olika artefakterna som naturen har att erbjuda för att påbörja det sociala samspelet med sina kamrater. Vi kan även dra slutsatsen att barns interaktion är en viktig del av lärandeprocessen, då kunskap bildas och ombildas (Änggård 2008, s 231).

  • Ivert, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Om Hysteri: – en sjuk kvinna eller/och en sjuk kultur2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hysteri tillhör en av de mest omdebatterade diagnoserna i psykologins historia. Under några decennier kring förra sekelskiftet sysselsatte sjukdomen dåtidens främsta läkare. I Freuds välkända fallbeskrivningar framträder den hysteriska kvinnan som traumatiserad, både av sina minnen och av sina symtom. Den här uppsatsen syftar till att ifrågasätta en etablerad tolkning av hysteri som individuell patologi. Luce Irigarays konceptualisering av det imaginära och kvinnans symboliska hemlöshet används som utgångspunkt för en kritisk läsning av  Studier i Hysteri. Ansatsen är kvalitativ och teoridriven, metoden mimetisk, analysen är tematiskt strukturerad. Av resultaten framkommer att Irigarays tänkande kan bidra med en fördjupad förståelse av hysterin som någonting som överskrider individuell patologi, som någonting som blottlägger detta psykiska tillstånds relation till imaginära föreställningar om rationalitet och femininitet. De presenterade perspektiven belyser hur hysteri såväl som samtida kvinnosjuklighet formas av ett kulturellt omedvetet.

  • Eriksson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vad leder till ett nytt jobb?: Erfarenheter av motiverande och hindrande faktorer vid karriärsbyte via en master i sociologi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Studien syftar till att undersöka de bakomliggande förklaringarna till varför individer som befinner sig mitt i livet genomför ett jobbyte. Fokus ligger på motivationsfaktorn eftersom motivation i stor utsträckning leder till ett agerande. Studiens frågeställningar är: Vad motiverade personen att byta yrke? Påträffades några hinder under vägen till det nya yrket, i så fall vilka? Blev personen nöjd med yrkesbytet via en akademisk examen?

    För att få svar på forskningsfrågorna utfördes sex stycken intervjuer med individer mellan 30-55år och som alla tagit en master i sociologi samt genomfört en karriärsförändring. Både kvinnor och män representerades.

    Denna studies teoretiska ramverk är McClellands motivationsteori och teorin rädslan att misslyckas (fear of failure, FF). McClellands motivationsteori förklarar tre behov; prestation, samhörighet och makt. Dessa behov förklarar varför individer motiveras och i förlängningen agerar. Fokus ligger på prestationsbehovet.

    Teorin rädslan att misslyckas förklarar varför denna rädsla kan leda till att individer motiveras till att prestera. Denna teori är ett komplement till McClellands motivationsteori. Teorierna ger tillsammans en bra bakgrund till att förklara individers motivation som leder till ett agerande och att individer presterar.

    Tidigare forskning av karriärsväxlare som befinner sig mitt i livet har bland annat kommit fram till att individer som har en hög motivation också är de som uppnår karriärsuccé.

    Resultaten har analyserats utifrån sju stycken olika teman som utkristalliserades ifrån intervjuerna. De är: bakgrund, prestation, makt, samhörighet/tillhörighet, utmaning, hinder/barriärer/rädsla, mål. Studien visar på att när individer har ett jobb som de av olika anledningar vill bort ifrån leder det individen in på en karriärsresa. Prestation och rädslan för att misslyckas är exempel på faktorer som motiverar individer att agera.

  • Frennesson, Felicia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Karim, Noor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Berusad i Europa: En kvantitativ studie om européers alkoholvanor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alkohol är en källa till glädje men är också orsaken till många människors lidande och död. Värst drabbade är de som redan är missgynnade i samhället och den världsdel där alkohol konsumeras som mest är Europa. Alkoholen är integrerad i det sociala livet människor emellan och är något som är förknippat med mat och fest. Människor påverkas av de sociala nätverk som de befinner sig i, där vanor överförs och anammas. Därför är det viktigt i studiet av alkoholvanor att inkludera indikatorer på sociala faktorer. Syftet med studien var att undersöka alkoholvanor i relation till socioekonomisk status och kön. Tidigare forskning om alkoholvanor i Europa bildar en bas för en ökad förståelse för hur alkohol konsumeras i de olika regionerna och länderna. Trots skillnader mellan länder avseende alkoholkonsumtion så finns det fortfarande landspecifika mönster som denna studie ämnar undersöka. Dessa mönster omfattar frekvens, intensivkonsumtion och riskfyllt drickande.

    Datamaterialet som använts är från omgång 7 av European Social Survey, ESS, år 2014. Data för studien omfattar 37 623 respondenter från 20 europeiska länder. För att mäta socioekonomisk status användes utbildningsnivå och föräldrars utbildningsnivå. Alkoholvanor mättes med frekvens, intensivkonsumtion och riskfyllt drickande genom AUDIT-C.

    För att analysera samband mellan socioekonomisk status och alkoholvanor användes bivariat analys samt linjära regressionsanalyser. Resultaten visar att lågutbildade dels konsumerar alkohol mest frekvent och intensivkonsumerar i större utsträckning än högutbildade och att män i högre grad än kvinnor har riskfyllda alkoholvanor. Alkoholvanorna skiljde sig mellan olika europeiska regioner, vilket stöds av resultat från tidigare forskning.

    Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att sociala faktorer har betydelse för alkoholvanor och är något som bör beaktas i framtida forskning. Studien visar även att det fortfarande finns regionala skillnader i Europa gällande alkoholvanor.

  • Persson, Hanna Agnes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    (De)konstruktion av sexuella script i sexualundervisningen: En intervjustudie om sex- och samlevnadsämnet på högstadiet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexualundervisning har varit obligatoriskt i Sverige sedan 1955 och är en del av ett folkhälsopolitiskt uppdrag att främja sexuell hälsa. Sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen har de senaste åren fått en del kritik för hur den genomförs och organiseras på skolorna. Det råder stora skillnader skolor emellan och ofta får eleverna inte tillräckligt med chanser att diskutera normer och värderingar kopplade till sexualitet. Syftet med denna studie var därför att undersöka vilka betydelser sexualitet ges i sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen på högstadiet, samt vilka sexuella normer som (re)produceras eller dekonstrueras där. Studiens teoretiska ram utgörs av sexuell scriptteori, där sexualiteten ses som styrt av sexuella manus konstruerade av samhällets normer och värderingar.Skolan kan utifrån teorin ses som både en arena för och producent av sexuella normer och värderingar. Studiens empiriska material består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem pedagoger på högstadienivå. Resultaten visade att sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen kan ha en stark normkritisk prägel där traditionella sexuella script ifrågasätts. Dock visade resultaten att undervisningen var beroende av flera faktorer, så som enskilda pedagogers intresse, elevgruppens sammansättning samt externa aktörer. Studiens slutsats är därför att dagens sex- och samlevnadsundervisning inte kan  sig konstruera ett koherent sexuellt script som står i kontrast till de mer traditionella heterosexuella scripten.

  • Rami, Ali
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Beyond the dichotomies of a coercion and voluntary recruitment  Afghan unaccompanied minors unveil their recruitment process in Iran2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ali, Rami
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Beyond the dichotomies of a coercion and voluntary recruitment, Afghan unaccompanied minors unveil their recruitment process in Iran2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By shedding light on accounts from unaccompanied Afghan asylum-seeking minors in Sweden who were child soldiers in Syria, this thesis explores and examines their narratives and their involvement in the civil war in Syria. The research aims to create a deeper understanding of how these children themselves made sense of their participation in the war by answering the following questions: How were the children approached by the recruiters?

    What kind of reasons for joining the war are put forward by the recruiters and what strategies do the children encounter: a) economic; b) identity formation; c) social deprivation; d) feeling of vulnerability; e) militarization; f) mental development; g) ideology/ religious-sectarian; or all together?

    How do the children perceive these encounters and make sense of their recruitment to the Shiite Fatemiyoun Brigade? To which extent has the ideology of Shi’ism played an important role for them in joining the Syrian War? This is a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews which combines procedures from two approaches and techniques: an ethnographic approach and a narrative approach that explores the interviewees’ experiences in a period of time and also generates detailed insights.

    Despite the fact that none of the respondents testified for being recruited at gunpoint or having been ill-treated, the respondents emphasized that they were forced to join due to the bad circumstances they were living in. In addition, many similarities with other cases regarding child soldiering in several countries have been explored in this thesis, for instance factors related to the socio- economic context and the experiences that are related to the children’s development processes.

    Differences can be located in various details regarding ideologies and indoctrination since the respondents did not share the politico-religious purposes of the recruiters. 

  • Giacomozzi, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Collision- and photon-induced dynamics of complex molecular ions in the gas phase2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I report experiments probing collision- and photon-induced molecular dynamics in the gas phase. Excited molecules formed in such interactions may relax by emitting electrons or photons, isomerization or fragmentation. For complex molecular systems, these processes typically occur on timescales exceeding picoseconds following statistical redistribution of the excitation energy across the internal degrees of freedom. However, energy transfer to molecules through ion/atom impact may in some cases lead to prompt atom knockout in Rutherford-type scattering processes on much faster timescales. Another example of such a non-statistical process is photon-induced excited-state proton transfer, a structural rearrangement occurring on the femtosecond timescale.

    In this work, I investigate the competition between statistical and non-statistical fragmentation processes for a range of molecules colliding with He at center-of-mass energies in the sub-keV range. I show that heavy atom knockout is an important process for systems containing aromatic rings such as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) or porphyrins, while statistical fragmentation processes dominate for less stable and/or smaller systems such as adenine or hydrogenated PAHs. Furthermore, I present the first measurements of the threshold energies for prompt single atom knockout from isolated molecules. The experimental results are interpreted with the aid of Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations which allow us to extract the energy deposited into the system during a collision, knockout cross sections, fragmentation pathways and the structures of the fragments. The results presented in this work may be important for understanding the response of complex molecules to energetic processes in e.g. astrophysical environments.

    Furthermore, I present the results of photodissociation and luminescence experiments probing flavin mono-anions in the gas phase. These are compared against calculations and previously measured spectra in solution. The discrepancies between the present results and the theoretical values suggest that more consideration of the vibronic structure is needed to model the photoabsorption and emission in flavins. Finally, I present the results of photoisomerisation experiments of flavin di-anions where two different isomers have been found and I discuss the proton transfer mechanisms which govern the structural changes.

  • Kärrström, Timmy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
    From Bedrock to Porcelain: A study regarding the history of porcelain, Ytterby mine and the discovery of yttrium in Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Porcelain is a translucent vitreous material that consists of clay (kaolin), feldspar and quartz which has been mixed and heated together to cause a metamorphic reaction. In Sweden, the Porcelain industry was established in 1726 at Rörstrands castle in Stockholm and is today one of the oldest industries in Europe to produce porcelain. Around the 1790’s Rörstrand got its feldspars and quartz from the Ytterby mine that was located at Resarö in Stockholm’s archipelago making the raw material somewhat easy to access. Rörstrand owned the mine in the 1850’s to 1926. During the time Ytterby mine was active, an amateur geologist by the name of Carl Axel Arrhenius, discovered an unusual black mineral in the quarry ore in 1787 which later led to the discovery of 8 new rare earth elements (REE) with the help of several Swedish chemists throughout time. These elements are Yttrium, Ytterbium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Thulium, Erbium, Holmium and scandium. This study will focus on the Swedish porcelain industry and how it has evolved throughout history and Rörstrand’s role in the discovery of yttrium.

  • Selander, Josephine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Mellan öst och väst, profetior och entreprenörskap, vetenskap och tro: Meningsproduktion om alternativa andligheter i svensk press och offentlighet 1899-19262018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Around 1900 an interest towards non-Christian spirituality could be observed in Swedish society. There have been studies in spirituality, but little attention has been given in considering the circulation and transcultural exchange of knowledge production. The aim of this thesis is to show how knowledge of alternative spiritualty was constructed by the press’ description of encounters between spiritual go-betweens from India and America and the Swedish public between 1899 and 1926. By studying articles from daily papers, I propose that actors from diverse cultures, Swedish institutional arenas, and the public had a crucial part in the knowledge production of alternative spirituality. I argue that in the process of circulating and reformulating knowledge, a narrative was created: a mediation of alternative spirituality, custom-made and conducive for the Western audiences and their needs.

  • Elstad, Jon Ivar
    et al.
    Oslo Metropolitan University, University of Oslo.
    Hermansen, Åsmund
    Oslo Metropolitan University, University of Oslo.
    Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik
    Københavns Universitet, University of Copenhagen.
    Martikainen, Pekka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). University of Helsinki, Finland; The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany.
    Östergren, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Tarkiainen, Lasse
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki.
    Income security in Nordic welfare states for men and women who died when aged 55–69 years old2019In: Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, ISSN 2169-9763, E-ISSN 2169-978XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Income security when health impairment or other social risks occur is a major objective of welfare states. This comparative study uses register data from four Nordic welfare states for examining equivalized disposable income during the last 12 years alive among men and women who died when aged 55–69 years old. The analysed outcome indicates the aggregate result of a varied set of income maintenance mechanisms. Median income increased in the Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish samples, but decreased somewhat in Denmark, probably due to relatively frequent transitions to retirement and larger income drops after retirement than in the other Nordic countries. Analyses of comparison samples weighted by propensity scores indicated a better income development among those who lived beyond the observation period than among those who died. The higher educated had a more favourable income development during the years prior to death than those with low education.

  • Westman, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute.
    Den fjärde industriella revolutionen – en immaterialrättslig introduktion2019In: NIR: Nordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd, ISSN 0027-6723, no 1, p. 131-151Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Félez Viñas, Ester
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Changing the Rules of the Game: A Market Microstructure Perspective on the Effects of Regulating Financial Markets2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation contains four articles that examine the effects brought about by the implementation of new regulations and changes in the trading landscape on different facets of market quality and integrity.

    Article I studies how the fragmentation of equity markets affects the speed of recovery of the market, both under normal market conditions and in times of stress. The results show that fragmentation increases the average ability of the market to converge towards its long-run liquidity levels by shortening the duration of liquidity deviations. In times of stress, fragmentation also speeds up the replenishment of the limit order book and its ability to recover from the moments of stress.

    Article II examines the impact of introducing short selling restrictions on the speed of recovery of the market and commonality in liquidity. The findings indicate that short selling bans contribute to lowering the risk of financial contagion by decreasing the commonality in liquidity levels of banned securities. However, the restrictions also significantly hamper the ability of banned stocks to recover from transitory liquidity deviations.

    Article III exploits the change in closing mechanism of 43 exchanges around the world to analyse the effects of batch facilities on liquidity, price efficiency, and market integrity. The results support the idea that batch facilities improve market quality, that auction design is important in explaining auction performance, and that the effects depend on the level of development of the market and the liquidity of the stock.

    Article IV investigates whether volatility extensions in closing auctions improve the efficiency of closing prices. The findings confirm that the introduction of a volatility extension enhances price efficiency by reducing transitory closing price volatility. The results also suggest that the improvement in price efficiency is due to enhanced market integrity and to greater investor trust in the auction mechanism.

  • Lundmark, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    IQ and Adjustment: Gender Differences in Income and Parenthood2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IQ has been shown to predict life outcomes such as income and education, but to benefit men more than women. Parenthood is in turn known to be partly predicted by variables correlated with IQ, with more educated and well-paid subjects being more probable to become parents. Previous research has found evidence for a “fatherhood premium” for men and a “motherhood penalty” for women, with fathers tending to earn more than comparable non-fathers and mothers in turn earning less than childless women. This study used data from a longitudinal Swedish study to investigate the relationship between IQ, parenthood and income. Results showed that both men and women in the low IQ group had a lower probability of parenthood, men significantly so. A fatherhood premium was found, but it disappeared when controlling for working hours. A more consistent and significant motherhood penalty disfavoring women with children was found in the high IQ group, but this difference could not explain much of the much larger income difference between the genders. Whereas the average hourly wages of all groups of men were higher than those of all groups of women, all groups of women had a higher mean probability of parenthood than all groups of men.  Previous research has indicated that some groups seem to “have it all” in the sense of being uniformly well-adjusted, but in this sample it appears to be more of a trade-off with no group being consistently at an advantage on all indices of adjustment.

  • Tvärnstedt Schröder, Ulrika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Östh, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    “Det blir ju liksom känslan av att man hade det svarta fåret i skolan”: Föräldrars syn på samverkan med skolan inför barnens neuropsykiatriska utredning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bakhouche, Nora
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Karlsson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Samarbetets betydelse för lärare i skolan. Ja, kan vi -eller  vill vi?: En kvalitativ studie om samarbetet mellan F-6 lärare och specialpedagoger i skolan.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ studie vars syfte är att undersöka samarbetes betydelse för lärare med specialpedagoger i skolan. Det empiriska materialet består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta lärares upplevelse och erfarenheter av samarbetet med specialpedagoger. Skolan styrs av lagar och förordningar vilka inte klart och tydligt nämner eller beskriver hur lärare och annan personal i skolan förväntas samarbeta för att alla elever ska nå målen. Resultatet har tolkats utifrån hermeneutiken som metod för att få en förståelse för lärarns upplevelser och erfarenheter kring samarbetet med specialpedagoger.

    Studiens resultat redovisas utifrån sju olika teman kopplat till samarbetes betydelse för lärarna i skolan. I temat Ansvar för utförandet av arbetsuppgifterna fann vi att ansvaret för utförandet av olika arbetsuppgifter ofta leder tillbaka till lärarna även om ansvaret skulle kunna ligga på andra verksamma inom skolan.  Temat Det specialpedagogiska stödet visar bland annat att lärare vill ha olika typer av stöd. Under temat Specialpedagogen och lärarens olika roller ligger fokus på hur de olika yrkesrollerna upplever kollektivet samt individen. Temat Samarbete som kompetensutbyte handlar om begreppet samarbete och dess betydelse utifrån lärarna.  Nästa tema, När samarbetet fungerar och inte fungerar tar som rubriken nämner vilka faktorer som påverkar samarbetet. Temat Samarbetet för egen vinning tar bland annat upp maktförhållanden mellan lärare samt lärarnas subjektiva inställning till samarbetet. Det sista temat som namngivits Förståelsen av specialpedagogens roll belyser lärarnas syn på specialpedagogens uppdrag. Resultatet har visat en komplex verklighet av samarbete i praktiken där många aktörer får betydelse för att samarbete ska fungera. De framgick även att det ofta pågår ett visst samarbete som dock inte alltid är uttalat och behöver utvecklas så att alla parter får kunskap om och blir medvetna om samarbetes betydelse. Ytterligare fynd är att det finns olika grader av samarbete som kräver olika ambitionsnivå och att det krävs en egen vilja för att bedriva och uppnå ett lyckat samarbete.

  • Ingvarsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Walter, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Playful writing i Sverige: Möjligheter och hinder ur verksamma pedagogers synvinkel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The method is developed in the UK and based on the UK curriculum. The method is based on pupils being able to approaching narrative writing by reading together and by guided play with building in groups using 3D material. The method is based on multimodal and cooperative learning. The aim with our study is to investigate how educators in Sweden perceive the method Playful writing opportunities and obstacles with regard to inclusion during narrative writing. To be able to find out how the educators perceive the method we need to find out how they perceive the different steps of the method. In the autumn of 2018, we have carried thorugh two workshop opportunities for educators to try and form an idea of the method. The workshops are based on our understanding of the handbook Playful writing. After the workshops the participating educators have been asked to participate in our web survey. The 46 participants of the study are generally positive towards the method. They believe that the method gives pupils the opportunity to increase goal achievement in narrative writing. The participants also believe that the method Playful writing has the opportunity to contribute to all pupils' participation in learning. The answers in the questionnaire suggest that the method has more possibilities than obstacles. From July 1, 2019, reading, writing, counting the guarantee applies to all Swedish schools (Government Offices, 2018). Personnel with special educational skills are expected to assess pupils' knowledge development at an early stage. The staff with special pedagogical competence shall also, together with the educators working in the classes, offer inclusive teaching methods. These methods offer a rich diversity in teaching that contributes to a well-functioning writing instruction. Based on the results in our study, we suggest that Playful writing can be such a method.

  • Garcia Sainz, Elvira Alicia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    La interpretación del significado de locuciones verbales en español: Estrategias de aprendientes y hablantes nativos para describir el sentido figurado al Pensar en Voz Alta2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Idioms are frequently used in any language and thereby it is important to investigate how these linguistic resources are understood, acquired and mastered. More studies need to be conducted, specially in the learning of a second language. Cooper (1999) examined the processing of idioms in English by L2 learners using the Think-aloud procedure (TAP). He found that a heuristic model consists of the numerous strategies used by these speakers to find the meaning of written idioms by exploring and try to find the meaning which is less familiar to them, compared to the native speakers knowledge and holistic or integrated approach. In the currrent work, realized in Sweden, the TAP was applied to compare the responses given by learners of Spanish as a second language and native speakers about common verbal idioms. The aim is to analyze the interpretation and comprehension of non-literal or figurative meaning of these expressions. As the result indicates, the Spanish idioms were less familiar to the L2 learners, but their figurative meaning was understood in 41% of the times, and including partial associations in 76% of the attempts using the TAP. The descriptions of these L2 Spanish speakers’ group varied notoriously: amid match and partial coincidences with figurative meaning, unusual images were referred and the literal meaning was presented in a few cases as part of the figurative. The heuristic and a kind of hybrid approach to the idiomatic meaning in the oral and semantic elaborations and interpretative strategies were confirmed. However, it was relatively easier to the L2 speakers to propose lexical definitions. With a more holistic processing and descriptions of meaning, the native speakers accessed the non-literal idioms’ meaning with a complete description in 85% of the cases, and including linked information in 98%, which confirmed that regional idioms could be particularly unknown. Some difficulties to give explicit information about concrete terms by members of the group of native speakers were identified.