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  • Çimen, Tahir Onur
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Disorientating Love: Queer Time and Space in Contemporary Artistic Practices2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine key elements of disorientation and queer temporality which will provide tools to understand queerness of selected contemporary artistic practices. It is concerned with the following questions: What constitutes the queerness of an artistic practice? How do contemporary queer artistic practices foreground the perspectives of queerness in their forms? What kind of disruptions they are causing in the conventional setting of artistic displays from a curatorial standpoint? Disorientations and queer temporalities, as queering the artwork, mean challenging dominant ideologies of the art object by repositioning them particularly in respect of heteronormative structures of time and space. For such an examination, Andrew Haigh’s film Weekend, GaniMeth’s writings, and Sharon Hayes’ Everything Else Has Failed! Don’t You Think It’s Time For Love? are read along with Sara Ahmed’s concept of disorientation and Jack Halberstam’s queer temporality. In doing so, the study explores the potential of artistic practices that allows to experience contemporary queerness. The method is to find queer deviations from existing structures by using the aforementioned concepts for the examination of the artworks, and in turn, explaining how the artistic practices broaden the same concepts by presenting affective experiences. By applying specific concepts from contemporary queer theory to analysis of the artistic practices, a more nuanced understanding of contemporary queerness is being discussed.

  • Östlund, Karsten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Rågen och skären.: Platsens betydelse för konstruktionen av den finlandssvenska identiteten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker konstruktionen av den finlandssvenska identiteten genom en textanalys av tre finlandssvenska skönlitterära verk; Jarl Hemmers Rågens rike (1922), Gustav Alms Fångstmän (1923) och Guido Simbergs Tranans skri (1927). Med hjälp av Benedict Andersons teorier om den föreställda gemenskapen och Aleida Assmanns teorier om det kulturella minnet visar uppsatsen på hur den skönlitterärt skildrade platsen medverkar till att fylla den unga finländska identiteten med innehåll.

  • Public defence: 2020-04-15 13:00 Join Zoom Meeting: https://stockholmuniversity.zoom.us/j/754163828, Join by Skype for Business: https://stockholmuniversity.zoom.us/skype/754163828, Lilla Hörsalen, NOD-huset, Kista
    Rostami, Asreen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Interweaving Technology: Understanding the Design and Experience of Interactive Performances2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis builds on the growing interest in studying interactive performances within the fields of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Interaction Design (IxD). The overarching goal of this research is to investigate how creative teams and artists can incorporate interactive technologies into their artistic productions. This thesis draws on four empirical studies of interactive performances carried out in collaboration with artists, performers, and designers. These studies focus on: (i) investigating scenarios of sensor-based and bodily tracking technologies in interactive performances, (ii) investigating how professional guitar players experience and express the smart qualities of a smart guitar in their artistic practices, (iii) investigating the audience's sense of immersion in a mixed-reality performance through introducing the concept of friction, and (iv) exploring frictions as a design resource in sketching scenarios of performances with VR. Two main methodological approaches were used throughout this research: Research through Design (RtD) and performance–led research in the wild. Beyond the result of these investigations, this thesis also presents the following contributions. First by presenting insights and knowledge generated through explorations of the incorporation of interactive technologies in performances through ideation, through studies of technology in use, and through design activities. This includes discussions around artists’ and audience members’ experience of technology including novel opportunities of interaction and participation, their collaborative roles and their agency and control within artistic productions. Second, by introducing friction as a Strong Concept to analyse interactions within a mixed-reality performance and to discuss how immersion is experienced throughout such performances. Finally by further developing the concept of friction through the collaborative design and staging of a novel mixed-reality performance.

  • Persson Österman, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Uttagsbeskattning - En promemoria om gällande rätt2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag är det vanligt att företag skänker utgångna varor, som annars skulle kasseras, till sociala organisationer. Kan det leda till oförutsedda och negativa inkomstskattekonsekvenser?

  • Nørholm Lundin, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Practice and all is coming” – trosföreställningar och socialiserande ritualer i yogans sociala praktik2019In: Praktiske grunde. Tidsskrift for kultur og samfunnsvitenskab, ISSN 1902-2271, E-ISSN 1902-2271, no 1-2, p. 179-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ”Practice and all is coming” – beliefs and socializing rituals in the social practice of yoga

    The article sets out from sayings as “Practice and all is coming”, common among yoga-practitioners. The sayings are reconstructed as part of yoga as a social practice with specific beliefs, taken-for-granted truths and socializing rituals. The research-questions are: How can yoga be understood as a social practice, with specific beliefs and taken-for-granted truths? How are these beliefs and truths maintained and reproduced, and with which socializing rituals? How do professional yoga teachers position themselves within this practice, and how can the differences be understood? The empirical data consists of interviews with seven local yoga teachers and documents regarding three globally well-known yoga personalities, founders and gurus. The study results in a construction of the object, where beliefs and taken-forgranted truths about yoga, regarding for instance the importance of immersion, devotion and subordination, has a vital function in reproducing the social order. Charismatic cults as yoga and music, sports etcetera are being problematized, as both productive and risky.

  • Nørholm Lundin, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att bli och att vara framgångsrik musiker – socialisation och sortering genom livet2020In: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, no 1, p. 82-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns learning, socialization and social sorting among successful musicians. The aim is to understand and problematize not only what it means to become a classical musician but also what it entails to be a successful classical musician. In what ways are musicians socialized through life? What approaches are formed among musicians, and what is the meaning of these when it comes to performance of work? Are their specific arenas and rituals of particular importance, when it comes to socializing and sorting among musicians? Interviews and documents about twelve musicians have been analyzed with the aid of Bourdieusian concepts, for example, practical sense and habitus, and research on elitist practices within music, arts and sports. The results indicate that there is a typical and similar career path for successful musicians, where young musicians are socialized into considering their careers in music as natural and given. The musicians are recognized as talented or wonder children at an early age, and they are accepted as students of a master teacher. Their careers are built by merits, such as a spectacular debut leading to an international career. These career steps function as both merits and as an opening of doors. Further, they contribute by strengthening the musicians´ identities and their roles as successful musicians and role models within the field.     

  • Lind, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tidlund, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Språkliga aktiviteter och läsförståelse vid dyslexi: En systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Monell, Carina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Ett tropiskt paradis för alla?: En intervjustudie med lärare och rektorer om särskoleelevers möjligheter till utbildning vid privata svenska skolor i Thailand2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ekström, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Formativ bedömning i praktiken: Lärares formativa arbete med elever i läs- och skrivsvårigheter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Aldenklint, Lina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Åhlén, Lise-Lotte
    Ordförrådsinterventioner för barn och elever med språkstörning: En systematisk litteraturstudie om insatser som främjar semantisk och lexikal utveckling hos barn och elever med språkstörning.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett välutvecklat språk är ett viktigt redskap för att kunna förstå, lära och delta i både skola och samhälle. I skolsammanhang ställs höga krav på förståelse av abstrakta ord och begrepp inom samtliga ämnen. Barn och elever med språkstörning har svårare att koppla ord till dess underliggande betydelse, än vad jämnåriga kamrater med typisk språkutveckling har.

    Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att undersöka vilka språkliga interventioner som främjar semantisk och lexikal utveckling hos barn och elever med språkstörning. Utifrån sökorden ordförrådsintervention (vocabulary intervention), språkstörning (SLI/DLD) semantik (semantic) och lexikal (lexical) valdes vetenskapliga artiklar ut för analys.

    Resultatet visar att det finns ett antal språkliga interventioner som givit positiva utslag hos barn och elever med språkstörning. En gemensam nämnare i flertalet studier var att interventionerna genomfördes i en-till-en-situationer med utbildad personal. Annat gynnsamt som framträdde var vikten av att ge flera förklaringar till ett ords betydelse: exempelvis genom bildstöd, genom att få ordet presenterat i en kontext eller förklarat med hjälp av synonymer. Det framkom också att individer med språkstörning behöver få höra ord upprepade gånger för att befästa orden och dess betydelser.

    Språkliga och kognitiva begränsningar som framträdde hos barn och elever med språkstörning var bland annat svårigheter med berättarförmåga, läsförståelse och att göra inferenser under läsning. Vi fann även att barn och elever med språkstörning kan ha svårt med det fonologiska korttidsminnet, ordproduktion, ordmobilisering, ordvariation och mentalisering. Jämfört med jämnåriga kamrater med typisk språkutveckling visade vår studie att barn och elever med språkstörning har en svagare språkutveckling generellt.

  • Flörchinger, Mimmi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Brodd, Anneli
    Osynliga aktörer i samverkan med fokus på flerspråkiga elever med språkstörning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Trygg, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Beprövad erfarenhet i särskolan?: Intervjuer med erfarna lärare som undervisar elever som fungerar på en tidig utvecklingsnivå2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka några erfarna och kvalificerade pedagogers syn på undervisning av elever som fungerar på en tidig utvecklingsnivå. Området är bristfälligt belyst i forskning, och elevgruppen är på många sätt osynlig i utbildning och samhälle.

     

    Forskningsfrågorna är: Hur beskriver dessa erfarna pedagoger sin undervisning med elever som fungerar på en tidig utvecklingsnivå? Kan man utifrån dessa beskrivningar tala om en beprövad erfarenhet?

     

    Det är en kvalitativ studie, inspirerad av grundad teori. Semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med fem pedagoger med specialpedagogisk vidareutbildning och lång erfarenhet av undervisning av målgruppen. Insamlad data har analyserats tematiskt.

     

    Det råder en samstämmighet mellan pedagogernas syn på vad som är viktigt i undervisningen. Några centrala element är: relationer, miljö, helhetssyn, kommunikation, tempo, närhet, rätt nivå. Det finns en samsyn i hur man ser på elevgruppen, på värderingar och förhållningssätt och på den egna rollen.

    Samtliga pedagoger uttrycker också viss kritik mot hur elevgruppen ses på utifrån eller på hur deras egen specialpedagogiska utbildning belyste gruppen. Resultaten tyder på att det finns en förtrogenhetskunskap bland pedagoger med de elever som har de största svårigheterna och på att elevgruppen behöver synliggöras både i skolvärlden och i specialpedagogisk vidareutbildning.

  • Järvi, Marie Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Staffansson, Boel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Utifrån vilka perspektiv utgårlärares/förskollärares arbetemed förberedande läsinlärning iförskoleklass?: En enkätstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ådén, Michaela
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Strand, Pauline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    CATCH US IF YOU CAN: Startups strategier för att attrahera och rekrytera nyckelpersoner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Start-ups are experiencing issues regarding their ability to attract and recruit talents, which are crucial for the companies’ growth and survival. As a result of the intense competition, Talent Management has become more and more important for companies to be able to attract and recruit expertise. Start-ups have been considered to have difficulties in working with Talent Management, due to lack of capital. Since the majority of jobs are created in small and medium-sized companies it is of great importance for the Swedish economy that Start-ups are able to compete for the needed expertise to be able to survive and also that they stay in Sweden. Therefore, it is of importance to investigate whether, and if so how, Start-ups can use Talent Management to compete for expertise with larger companies. The theory of the thesis consists of a theoretical framework that was created based on the literature study which is based on Talent Management. In order to investigate the research question, the thesis adopts a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with four different Start-ups operative in the tech industry. The method used aims to create a deeper understanding of how Start-ups works to attract and recruit key people. The thesis shows that Start-ups, despite their financial constraints, can use Talent Management strategies to make themselves more competitive as an employer. The strategies used by Start-ups mainly relate to their work with the company’s culture and values, as well as offering options to the employees. The thesis results contribute to a deeper understanding of Start-up’s issues regarding competing for key people, as well as how Start-ups can work with strategies within Talent Management to become stronger competitors on the labour market.

  • Rolf, Vera
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tirén, Anette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    "En planering överlag för klassen och sen försöker vi prata om hur vi ska anpassa för Saga/Hedda": Pedagogens förståelse, en förutsättning för tillgänglig klassrumsundervisning för elever med syn- respektive hörselnedsättning.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Davis Ramström, Angelica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ilea, Caroline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hur kan en maskros växa ur asfalt?: En intervjustudie med vuxna maskrosbarn om vad som varit avgörande för deras livsutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine how some children can develop well despite growing up in a dysfunctional family. We also focus on what our respondents have perceived as helpful by social workers and other professionals, and what their recommendations for practice are. We interviewed six adults who identified themselves with the term “resilient child” and analyzed these interviews by a thematic analysis. Results: All our respondents were aided by their intrinsic personal characteristics; such as being social, gifted in school and having a positive outlook on life. They also mentioned that they applied different coping strategies growing up, and pointed to the importance of gaining insight about their parent's problems. In addition, the respondents all underlined the meaning of their participation in spare time activities during their childhood. They also appreciated the social workers and other professionals who acknowledged them and went beyond their usual work routine to help them when they grew up. In young adulthood, most of our respondents found therapy to be useful to process their childhood. The respondents stressed the importance for social workers of having relevant knowledge and the ability to create a safe atmosphere for children to open up and talk about their problems.

  • Lundqvist, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Public Law, European Constitutionalism and Copyright in Standards2019In: Cambridge Handbook of Technical Standardization Law: Further Intersections of Public and Private Law / [ed] Jorge L. Contreras, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Wölbing, Dirk
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    The PANDA electromagnetic calorimeter at photon energies below 100 MeV2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The PANDA  experiment (antiproton annihilation at Darmstadt) is designed for studies of the strong force in the transition region between perturbative and non-perturbative quantum chromo dynamics (QCD). It will be built and placed at the high-energy storage ring, HESR, at FAIR (Facility for antiproton and ion research) in Darmstadt and start its first experiments in 2025. In the HESR antiprotons with a momentum in the range 1.5 GeV/c to 15 GeV/c will collide with a fixed hydrogen or nuclear target. The PANDA detector is designed for e.g. detailed spectroscopy of hadrons produced in antiproton-proton interactions. In 2026 PANDA will be upgraded with the implementation and completion of some subdetectors, e.g. the EDD (end disc detector of internal reflected Cherenkov light) for charged particle velocity measurements in the forward direction.

    This thesis summarizes preparatory experiments with a PANDA forward endcap electromagnetic calorimeter (EMC) prototype, performed at the tagged photon facility at the MAX IV laboratory in Lund to study the response to photons with energies below 100 MeV using vacuum photo tetrodes (VPTTs) as photo sensors. The results show that with VPTT photo sensors, in combination with sampling ADCs, the technical design report (TDR) requirement, with regard to energy resolution, can be fulfilled even for energies below 100 MeV. It is also shown that the energy resolution is not significantly influenced by the insertion of the EDD in front of the forward endcap EMC.

  • Forsström, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Spångberg, Jessika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). Folkhälsomyndigheten.
    Pettersson, Agneta
    Brolund, Agneta
    Odeberg, Jenny
    A systematic review of educational programs and consumer protectionmeasures for gambling: an extension of previous reviews2020In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Besides supply reduction, preventive interventions to reduce harm from gambling include interventions for the reduction of demand and to limit negative consequences. Several interventions are available for gamblers, e.g. limit-setting. Reviews have been published examining the evidence for specific measures as well as evaluating the effect of different measures at an overall level. Only a few of these have used a systematic approach for their literature review. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is twofold. First, to assess the certainty of evidence of different preventive measures in the field of educational programs and consumer protection measures, including both land-based and online gambling. The second is to present shortcomings in eligible studies to highlight what type of information is needed in future studies. Method: This systematic review included measures administered in both real-life settings and online. Twenty-eight studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria and had low or moderate risk of bias. Results: The results showed that only two measures (long term educational programs and personalized feed-back) had an impact on gambling behavior. Follow-up period was short, and measures did not include gambling as a problem. The certainty in most outcomes, according to GRADE, was very low. Several shortcomings were found in the studies. Discussion: We concluded that the support for preventive measures is low and that a consensus statement regarding execution and methods to collect and analyze data for preventive gambling research is needed. Our review can serve as a starting point for future responsible gambling reviews since it evaluated certainty of evidence.

  • Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Flawed Globalization: Why Traditional Political Organizations Have Problems Forming Transnational Meta- Organizations2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from an organizational perspective and using the cases of Socialist International and four European trade unions, this paper illustrates why political parties and trade unions have difficulty acting globally. The analysis shows that international or transnational organizations for national parties or trade unions are established as meta-organizations, and herein lies the key to explaining their problems in becoming global actors. The national embeddedness of their members results in broad agendas and quests for national solutions, which divides and weakens leadership. Comparing these meta-organizations to a more successful global political organization, Amnesty International, reveals that its organization is quite the opposite: a centralized leadership, a narrow agenda, not working for the immediate interests of its members or finding solutions to the issues it raises. The paper concludes that if this form of organization is necessary in global politics then there is little room for political parties and unions on a global arena.

  • Sundström, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    DET BLANDADE FOLKET: En osteodemografisk studie av Svartbrödraskapets gravgård i medeltidens Gamla stan, Stockholm2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the comingled osteoarchaeological material from the medieval monastery affiliated with an order of monks called “Svartbrödraskapet” in Old town, Stockholm, Sweden that was active from ca A.D. 1350 to ca 1528. The aim of this paper is to provide new information about the monastery and its local community. A local demographic study is carried out to examine the gender and age distribution in the material as it can provide information on whether the cemetery was used generally or mainly by the monks of the monastery. Pathologies are analysed to obtain a health profile as well as a spatial analysis that examines similarities and differences between the specific areas in the Old town called Juno, “Tyska stallplan” and Venus.

    Standard osteological methods are used to analyse age, biological sex, body height and osteometrics. The results show a minimum number of 28 subadults and 56 adults which adds up to a minimum of 84 individuals in the cemetery with the most frequent age categories of infans I, infans II, juvenilis and adultus. The gender distribution shows that men are more prevalent in the assessed material.

    A wide range of pathological changes were noted and here attention was focused on cribra orbitale, enamel hypoplasia, enthesopathies and trauma/fracture. Although it is difficult to comment on individuals in a commingled skeletal material, the pathologies indicate that many individuals experienced longer periods of stress such as prolonged illness or starvation and hard manual labour at a young age, which are seen as alterations on the bones. They have also been exposed to various types of violence that have resulted in fractures and trauma that have either healed completely or altogether lack evidence of an active healing process.

  • Nordahl, Ebba
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Tune i Buttle och gotländska tunegårdar från mellersta järnåldern2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the connection between the size of the stone house foundations and their distribution in parishes with evidence of place names connected to the roman iron age phenomena Tuna farms on the island of Gotland. This is done using diagrams and tables of length – width variables and landscape and prehistoric remains analysis together with place name discussions in each parish.

  • McGrath, Cormac
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Academic developers as brokers of change: insights from a research project on change practice and agency2019In: International journal for academic development, ISSN 1360-144X, E-ISSN 1470-1324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the findings of a four-year research project studying change practice and agency in higher education. The main findings of five empirical studies are presented. These findings lay bare how academic staff perceive opportunities to change their practice, identify leaders’ strategies when trying to bring about change, illustrate the different and at times incompatible ways of understanding change initiatives, acknowledge the importance of moral dimensions in change, and demonstrate how leaders mobilise theory when engaging in change practice. The article synthesizes the results of the project and draws conclusions with a view to how academic developers may best engage with critical stakeholders in higher education institutions. The paper concludes by presenting some thoughts on how a new model for academic development may take form. The paper aims to provide insights, inspiration, and critical dialogue to researchers in academic development.

  • Amanda, Moro
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Holmström, Linn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    “...Man behöver faktiskt inte reagera på allt”: En kvalitativ studie om stresshantering och organisationskultur inom Socialtjänstens barnavård2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study focused on social workers experience of stress and their coping strategies in the light of organizational culture. Previous research shows that stress is common in social services and highlights five coping strategies that social workers use. It also shows that the organizational culture has an impact on the social workers work environment. This study shows that the stress social workers experienced was mainly connected to workload, administration and moral stress. The coping strategies that the social workers used were both problem focused and emotion focused. The strategies used were compensatory strategies, standard lowering strategies, disengagement, voice and exit. They also tried to handle stress through walks, talking to friends and training. We identified two forms of organizational cultures, professional and organizational culture characterized by by silence lack of support . In the not professional organizational culture support from management was poor and the social workers main strategies were exit and standard lowering. In the professional organizational culture they experienced good support from both management and coworkers. They used to a larger extent compensatory strategies and were more satisfied at their workplace. The reliability in this study is affected negatively due to the low number of respondents.

  • Leijon, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ett sexuellt riskbeteende: En kvalitativ analys av hur socialnämnden och förvaltningsrätten framställer flickors sexuella beteende i rekvisitet “ett annat socialt nedbrytande beteende” i LVU-domslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how girls sexual behavior is described in administrative law verdicts in accordance to the Care of Young Persons act, 3 § and the necessary condition ” other social degrading behavior” in 2018. The questions is how the social welfare committee and the administrative law describe girls sexual behavior in the selected verdicts and how they motivate the compulsory institutional care for these girls when they mention their sexual behavior. This is analyzed through a qualitative thematic analysis, and by a gender- and sexual theoretical perspective, of 41 verdicts. The conclusion is that the sexual behavior appears as a sexual risk behavior that is mentioned explicit in 10 of 41 verdicts. It’s not mentioned by the authorities what the sexual risk behavior is definiated as. The analysis therefore seeks to understand what a sexual risk behavior can be by examining other implicit factors linked to the sexual behavior. From this understanding the social welfare committee and the administrative law motivate the compulsory institutional care by invoking overall evalution of the girls´ social problems and by redesigning the girls role as a victim to an agent.

  • Olrin, Carl-Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pukenaite, Inga
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Tillsyn, folköl och ungdomar: Hur relaterar tillsyn och densitet av detaljhandeln inom Stockholm till ungdomarnas alkoholvanor2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we evaluate Stockholm’s methods of enforcing age related sales regulations on type 2 beer, which is the strongest type of beer that can be sold in a privately owned businesses in Sweden. Quantitative methods are used to ascertain whether the amount of regulatory goals met has any relation to the amount of youths acquiring type 2 beer, and if other apparent demographic or geographic explanations are apparent in youth’s consumption patterns. No apparent relation was found between regulatory goals met and consumption patterns. The only predictive variable was found to be population density, where higher density correlated with lower use of type 2 beer. Although this could be a result of the four highest population density areas having radically different consumption patterns compared to the rest of Stockholm. Qualitative methods were also used to evaluate internal reporting from the different districts, the format and content of reports were found to vary greatly. More research is required to ascertain whether the consumption patterns are a consequence of preventative methods specific to Stockholm contrary to an emergent property of high population cities, or something else entirely.

  • Björklund Dahlgren, Olivia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Rättssubjekt eller objekt: Om målsägandeställning vid köp av sexuella tjänster2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Protocol for criminal processes regarding the purchasing of sex stipulates that those in prostitution are to be regarded as witnesses rather than an injured person. The judging whether someone in prostitution is to be seen as an injured person is made on a case-by-case basis. In order for someone to be considered to have an injured person’s position in a criminal process, the crime must either have been committed against them, or else caused them offense or damage. Someone considered to have a strong interest in justice served may also be considered an injured person. Shared by all qualifications for someone to have a status as an injured person is a concern for relevant protection in the crime considered. The purchasing of sex is not considered as a crime against a person, but a crime against the public. Since the Supreme Court in 2001 made it clear that purchasing of sex is to be regarded as a crime against the public, certain features concerning the situation of the person in prostitution have been taken into account. Potential limitations to the sexual self-determination of the person in prostitution has come to affect the penal value, and if the person in prostitution is a victim of human trafficking for sexual exploitation, the buyer is now sentenced for rape as the sexual intercourse is no longer considered voluntary, courtesy of the new consent-based criminal law. Over time, cases of sex purchases have increasingly come to consider the situation for those in prostitution, as well as the right to sexual self-determination and integrity. Thus it is increasingly regarded as a crime against a person. Based on a literature study of research in the field, it is concluded that prostitution in the majority of cases involves exploitation and oppression. A majority of those in prostitution also experience physical and sexual violence, suffer from PTSD and a large majority want to leave prostitution. The purchasing of sex can therefore be regarded as both abusive and harmful to those in prostitution, similar to the definition of an injured person. In any case, those in prostitution are considered more interested in restitution than the public in general. Today the judging whether someone in prostitution should be considered an injured person is made on a case-by-case basis. Yet, apart from situations where human trafficking or in some cases pimping is concerned, determining in which cases someone is to be defined as an injured person is an uncertain process. This is not in accordance with the principle of predictability. In a study directed at police, it has emerged that the assessment of which procedural subject of law those in prostitution are considered as, is subjective. Based on this, and based on the help and support needed by those in prostitution, those in prostitution ought to be provided status as an injured person in the criminal process.

  • Strandin Pers, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Annika, Björklund
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Skolvägens historiska geografi: metodutveckling med fokus på kartering och skildringar av skolvägar efter allmänna folkskolans införande 18402019Report (Other academic)
  • Nordlöf, Alexandra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Özakdemir, Fulya
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Marknadiseringen av äldreomsorgen: har omsorgskvaliteten i Sverige förändrats under 2000-talet?: En scoping study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has with the introduction of different new public management inspired reforms, from the 80s and ahead, increasingly implemented marketization on tax-funded welfare services. One of the areas of social services that seemed ideal to marketize was eldercare. Today, almost 40 years later, we can see the results of marketization; re-organization, new laws, new requirements and new knowledge. But has the quality of care improved and do the elderly benefit from marketization? The aim of this study is to investigate what scientific research has found out about the impact of marketization on the quality of care in eldercare. The study is a scoping study and maps out a part of the field of research to make this research comprehensible. 12 articles published 2000-2019 have been chosen after an extensive search process and constitute the data of the study. The content of the articles have been analyzed by thematic analysis. The results indicate that due to the changes associated with marketization, a number of areas related to the quality of care in eldercare have changed for the worse during the last 20 years and only a few have improved.

  • Schclarek Mulinari, Leandro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Race and Order: Critical Perspectives on Crime in Sweden2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study questions of crime are used as a means to explore the relation between race and the social order. The aim is to empirically and theoretically expand the criminological understanding of racism as a structural phenomenon. Anchored in critical criminology, and particularly the work of cultural theorist Stuart Hall, the racialization of crime and its consequences is addressed, with a particular focus on the role of ideology and repression. Departing from a Swedish context, local and global power relations associated with the current conjuncture, such as neoliberalism and the colonial legacy of Western powers, are highlighted.

    The four articles of the compilation thesis are intended to be read as a unit, but also stand on their own given that they address different dimensions of the social order where conflicts are played out. In the first article, the role of language in the racialization of official crime discourse is explored at the level of metaphors. In the second, attention is turned to why racist imaginaries of crime are contested by established journalists. The third article addresses security measures that target Muslims in the effort to combat terrorism. The fourth article focuses on racial profiling from a more general perspective, investigating stop-and-search practices as well as consequences of the intertwinement of crime and migration control.