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Behtoui, A. & Strömberg, I. (2020). Compensatory school effects and social capital. Social Sciences, 9(11), Article ID 193.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Compensatory school effects and social capital
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 9, nr 11, artikkel-id 193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore whether and how school-based social capital (SSC) may increase or reduce inequalities in the academic achievement and well-being of students from different backgrounds (class, gender, and ethnicity). SSC here refers to those qualities of social relationships and the degree of interconnectedness between students, teachers, and parents that can support the educational attainment and social adjustment of young people. As the results of our ethnographic studies indicate, there is a significant association between SSC and school composition—i.e., the class and ethnic background of students in a school. The association indicates the stratification effect of social capital in schools as a predominant pattern. In a school with students from higher socio-economic backgrounds, we observed more qualified and motivated teachers, an intensive parental involvement, and, consequently, more constructive and friendly relationships among students. In contrast, in a school located in a disadvantaged area, the social relations were quite the reverse. We then found a third category. In a school with children from lower social class backgrounds placed in an immigrant-dense area, highly committed school staff were able to create an emotional closeness and trust between them, the pupils, and their parents. School-based social capital in this context introduced a sense of solidarity and created a pro-educational climate.

Emneord
social capital, school, Sweden, counter-stratification
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-186951 (URN)10.3390/socsci9110193 (DOI)000683731000008 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-11-30 Laget: 2020-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A., Hertzberg, F. & Neergaard, A. (2020). Inledning. In: Alireza Behtoui, Fredrik Hertzberg, Anders Neergaard (Ed.), Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser (pp. 13-36). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Inledning
2020 (svensk)Inngår i: Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser / [ed] Alireza Behtoui, Fredrik Hertzberg, Anders Neergaard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, s. 13-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-192939 (URN)9789144129242 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-05-05 Laget: 2021-05-05 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A., Hertzberg, F. & Neergaard, A. (Eds.). (2020). Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser
2020 (svensk)Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[sv]
 
Abstract [sv]

I Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter studeras fritidsaktiviteter och dess betydelse för ungdomar. Vilka är engagerade i fritidsaktiviteter och vilka är det inte? Förstärker aktiviteterna skillnader mellan unga med olika klassbakgrund, etnicitet eller kön, eller kan de bidra till en positiv utveckling för unga från resurssvaga familjer? Forskningen om fritidsaktiviteter är ett växande fält inom pedagogik, psykologi, socialt arbete och sociologi. Boken vänder sig till studenter i dessa ämnen och till lärare, fritidspedagoger, studie- och yrkesvägledare samt övriga som arbetar med ungdomar och ungdomsfrågor – praktiskt och i forskning. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020. s. 264
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-192937 (URN)9789144129242 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-05-05 Laget: 2021-05-05 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A., Hertzberg, F., Jonsson, R., León Rosales, R. & Neergaard, A. (2019). Sweden: The Otherization of the Descendants of Immigrants (2ed.). In: Peter A. J. Stevens, A. Gary Dworkin (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education: (pp. 999-1034). Palgrave Macmillan (0721474136)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sweden: The Otherization of the Descendants of Immigrants
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education / [ed] Peter A. J. Stevens, A. Gary Dworkin, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 2, nr 0721474136, s. 999-1034Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter offers a systematic review of the literature on educational inequality and school attainments of immigrants’ offspring in Sweden. The review covers research conducted between 1990 and 2015 and critically examines how different research traditions explain this inequality. The chapter begins by mapping the key characteristics of the Swedish educational system together with Swedish immigration patterns. Thereafter, five major research traditions that explain educational inequality and ethnic background in Sweden are presented. These perspectives include (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and discrimination; (3) language proficiency tradition; (4) school choice and school segregation; and (5) cultural and social capital and socio-historical contexts. The ‘political arithmetic’ tradition, which starts mainly from a positivistic approach and employs large-scale, quantitative research strategies, has focused on the individual and demographic characteristics of pupils. The main assumption of the other research clusters is that there are important contextual circumstances (beyond individual factors) which decisively affect the educational achievements of the descendants of immigrants. While often dominated by qualitative approaches, these types of research do sometimes include quantitatively designed studies. These research traditions take a more critical stance on government policies, which have produced an extremely segregated school system, and show the consequences of a concentration of children of families from vulnerable groups (economically disadvantaged and immigrant groups in marginalized neighborhoods) in schools with limited resources.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019 Opplag: 2
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171215 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-94724-2_23 (DOI)978-3-319-94723-5 (ISBN)978-3-319-94724-2 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-29 Laget: 2019-07-29 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A. & Høyer Leivestad, H. (2019). The "stranger" among Swedish "homo academicus". Higher Education, 77(2), 213-228
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The "stranger" among Swedish "homo academicus"
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 77, nr 2, s. 213-228Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with individuals of immigrant background in Swedish higher education—i.e., those who have a PhD and work in Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how factors other than academic qualifications—such as gender and migrant background—may affect the individual’s ability to find employment and pursue a successful career in a Swedish institution of higher education. The data used in the first section are Swedish registry data (LISA database and population), administered by Statistics Sweden. The second part of the paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 19 academics of migrant background. The results show that, given the same work experience and compared to the reference group (born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America are, firstly, more likely to be unemployed and, secondly, if they are employed, to have a lower income (lower position). The ways in which such gaps arises are also examined.

Emneord
Swedish higher education, Immigrant background, Recruitment, Advancement, Equal opportunities
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164024 (URN)10.1007/s10734-018-0266-x (DOI)000456209000002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-11 Laget: 2019-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Leivestad Høyer, H. & Behtoui, A. (2018). "De andra" i den svenska akademiska eliten. In: Bengt Erik Eriksson, Mikael Holmqvist, Lena Sohl (Ed.), Eliter i Sverige: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass (pp. 247-274). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>"De andra" i den svenska akademiska eliten
2018 (svensk)Inngår i: Eliter i Sverige: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass / [ed] Bengt Erik Eriksson, Mikael Holmqvist, Lena Sohl, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 247-274Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164026 (URN)9789144116365 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-11 Laget: 2019-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A. (2018). Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 2014. Sociologisk forskning, 55(2-3), 317-339
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 2014
2018 (svensk)Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 55, nr 2-3, s. 317-339Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Ethnic hierarchies and (non)representation. Party candidates with migration background in the general election of 2014This paper analyses the extent to which individuals with migration background were appointed and elected into different levels of public decision-making bodies in the latest Swedish general election (2014). Individuals of migration background refers in this study to those born abroad or born in Sweden with two foreign-born parents. Data for this study is taken from Statistics Sweden's register of candidates elected in municipal, county and national parliamentary elections in 2014, supplemented by information from other Statistics Sweden's registers. The results demonstrate that: (a) individuals with a migration background are severely underrepresented in the Swedish decision-making bodies; (b) even in cases when individuals with a migration background are nominated on the party lists, they have less of a chance of being elected compared to native candidates. (c) The dominant resource theory cannot explain the underrepresentation of the stigmatized migrant groups and their descendants, and finally; (d) the results indicate some support to the hypothesis about the importance of access to social networks in order to be nominated and elected.

Emneord
political representation, migration background, elections, decision-making bodies
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158181 (URN)000437926900011 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-07-23 Laget: 2018-07-23 Sist oppdatert: 2022-05-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Olsson, E., Behtoui, A. & Høyer Leivestad, H. (2018). Karriär på spel: Socialt kapital och karriärer för disputerade migranter i den svenska högskolan. In: Maja Povrzanović Frykman, Magnus Öhlander (Ed.), Högutbildade migranter i Sverige: (pp. 195-210). Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Karriär på spel: Socialt kapital och karriärer för disputerade migranter i den svenska högskolan
2018 (svensk)Inngår i: Högutbildade migranter i Sverige / [ed] Maja Povrzanović Frykman, Magnus Öhlander, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018, s. 195-210Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2018
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163305 (URN)9789179243081 (ISBN)9789179243098 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-12-20 Laget: 2018-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A., Boréus, K., Neergaard, A. & Yazdanpanah, S. (2017). Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialized employees in the Swedish elderly care sector. Work, Employment and Society, 31(6), 954-971
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialized employees in the Swedish elderly care sector
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, nr 6, s. 954-971Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

When encountering problems and dissatisfaction in the workplace, employees may choose between three strategies: voice; exit; or silence. Using survey data and interview material from a study of employees in an elderly care organization in Sweden, this article investigates the workers' perceptions of the eligibility and prospects of these strategies and which individual characteristics and situational factors might affect them. The focus is on racialized workers (operationalized through their region of birth) who, according to earlier studies, are less likely than other employees to choose voice behaviour. Contrary to some earlier studies, the results here attribute such a propensity to the importance of power differences across racial hierarchies' rather than to differences in cultural values. Individuals in this (racialized) category have a lower occupational status, earn less and experience less favourable relationships with their managers.

Emneord
exit, racialized workers, silence, Sweden, voice
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151157 (URN)10.1177/0950017016667042 (DOI)000417709900005 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-15 Laget: 2018-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Behtoui, A. (2016). Beyond social ties: The impact of social capital on labour market outcomes for young Swedish people. Journal of Sociology, 52(4), 711-724
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Beyond social ties: The impact of social capital on labour market outcomes for young Swedish people
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sociology, ISSN 1440-7833, E-ISSN 1741-2978, Vol. 52, nr 4, s. 711-724Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study makes use of a dataset which contains material relating to young Swedish people who have recently completed their studies and started working. It explores whether using social networks as such or using individuals' resources which are accessible through social networks (social capital) provides relative advantages in the competition for better jobs. Interest in this topic stems from the recent development of sociological theories in this field. The results indicate that the use of social ties is a common way to find a job in the highly regulated Swedish labour market, but that informal recruitment methods per se provide no relative advantages in the competition for better jobs. On the other hand, given the same demographic characteristics, socioeconomic background and educational attainments, there is a positive association between resources embedded in an individual's social network (social capital) and the quality of the jobs obtained.

Emneord
class, ethnicity, gender, social capital, social networks, status attainment
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-137585 (URN)10.1177/1440783315581217 (DOI)000389708500007 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-09 Laget: 2017-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Prosjekter
Civila samhället, organiserad och utbildningsresultat för ungdomar i marginaliserade bostadsområden [2014-01795_VR]; Södertörns högskolaThe impact of civil society organisations on the educational achievements of young people in marginalised urban areas of Stockholm and St. Petersburg [42/2014_OSS]; Södertörns högskolaHur kan skolan minska ojämlika utbildningsmöjligheter? [2019-00737_Forte]; Södertörns högskolaHur kan skolan minska ojämlika utbildningsmöjligheter? [2019-04357_VR]; Södertörns högskolaFörbättring av kunskapsresultat i segregerade skolor, men hur? [2022-00620_Forte]; Södertörns högskolaSchool Dropout and the Post-Dropout Trajectories of Young People in Sweden and Finland: A Longitudinal, Multi-Method Comparative Study [22-PR2-0004_OS]; Södertörns högskola
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8227-3659