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Holmqvist, M. (2024). Elite Reproduction and Power in the Neoliberal Era: The Image-Making of King Carl XVI Gustaf as 'Sweden's Leader'. Cultural Sociology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Elite Reproduction and Power in the Neoliberal Era: The Image-Making of King Carl XVI Gustaf as 'Sweden's Leader'
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cultural Sociology, ISSN 1749-9755, E-ISSN 1749-9763Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

One group of elites that often escapes attention among sociologists are royals, who seem to be regarded as uninteresting and irrelevant study objects for the analysis of elites' reproduction and power in contemporary society. Still, as suggested by, for instance, the death of the British Queen Elizabeth II in 2022 and the installation of the Danish King Frederik X in 2024, royals enjoy extraordinary attention among the general public and media, which testifies to their potentially important social, moral and political functions and roles. Based on an extensive examination of the longest reigning monarch in the world today, the Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf, I suggest how he, through media, has been constructed as 'Sweden's leader'; by idealizing such neoliberal virtues as activity, entrepreneurship, positive thinking, self-management and similar expressions of 'leadership'. A key concept for my analysis of the fabrication of the King is 'image-making', which derives from Ervin Goffman's work on the 'presentation of self'. Essentially, the King aspires to be seen as a role model in contemporary Sweden, a country that has become all the more market-oriented during the last 50 years, which is critical to understanding his legitimacy, and hence ability to exercise power.

Nyckelord
elites, image-making, neoliberalism, power, royals
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-231227 (URN)10.1177/17499755241252192 (DOI)001242014000001 ()2-s2.0-85195308803 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-06-18 Skapad: 2024-06-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-06-18
Holmqvist, M. (2023). Consecration and meritocracy in elite business schools: The case of a Swedish student union. British Journal of Sociology, 74(4), 531-546
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Consecration and meritocracy in elite business schools: The case of a Swedish student union
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0007-1315, E-ISSN 1468-4446, Vol. 74, nr 4, s. 531-546Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sociologists theare paying increasing attention to the business and financial elites that control today's global economy; indeed, there's a great need to understand who these elites are, what they do, and what makes m tick, as individuals, and as a class. But we also need to understand how the economic elites aremade in the current social and economic system, and one significant way of doing this, is by examining elite business schools, that is, the institutions that aim to train and prepare people to assume important leadership and decision-making positions in business, finance and related sectors of critical importance to the management of modern capitalism. Based on the notion of consecration, I empirically examine how the student union of Sweden's premier business school, The Stockholm School of Economics, offers its members a learning environment partly separated from the school, and how this semi-independent organization contributes to making undergraduate students socially, morally and esthetically meritorious for elite jobs in primarily management consulting and finance; a process that is largely shaped by corporate actors that participate formally and informally in the student union activities. The paper contributes to the sociological literature on business schools and higher education and elites, both theoretically through the twin notions of meritocracy and consecration, and empirically through its unique focus on student union activities in an elite business school setting. 

Nyckelord
business schools, consecration, elites, meritocracy, reproduction
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-217310 (URN)10.1111/1468-4446.13026 (DOI)000985993700001 ()37169584 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85159065340 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-24 Skapad: 2023-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. (2023). Corporations' Invisible Hand in Higher Education: Teaching at Business Schools and the Making of Employable Students.. In: Mats Benner; Mikael Holmqvist (Ed.), Universities Under Neoliberalism: Ideologies, Discourses, and Management Practices (pp. 49-67). Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Corporations' Invisible Hand in Higher Education: Teaching at Business Schools and the Making of Employable Students.
2023 (Svenska)Ingår i: Universities Under Neoliberalism: Ideologies, Discourses, and Management Practices / [ed] Mats Benner; Mikael Holmqvist, Routledge, 2023, s. 49-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

A critical notion in contemporary neoliberal society is “employability”, i.e., the set of skills, competencies and abilities that make an individual able to compete successfully on national and international labour markets. As is well-known, one of the most important instruments for creating employable persons is higher education, i.e. education offered by universities and similar academic institutions. Universities have for long time been expected to be “relevant” by making students well adapted to societal demands and requirements; in other words, producing “employable students” has always been a critical mission, not only in the narrow, vocational sense but also in the behavioural and aesthetic meaning of the word. As a testimony to this, modern universities have gradually embraced a corporate model for managing its operations, for instance, by implementing “performance management” indicators for evaluating faculty, and by offering students courses that stress the development of social rather than intellectual abilities that are said to be critical for their employability. The corporate ethos that has come to define society more and more has also come to colonize the university world. The market-liberal development of universities can most vividly be seen in the exceptional growth of management education offered by universities or independent business schools, where tomorrow's corporate elites are being educated and trained. In many ways, business schools have come to dominate higher education, not only in terms of the number of students being graduated but also ideologically: business schools seem to offer a version of higher education that is relevant for today's demands and can in this respect be seen as “model institutions”. As a result, the ways business students are constructed and socialized therefore constitute an interesting area of examination. In this chapter, the author critically examines how students at Sweden's premier business school, the Stockholm School of Economics (SSE), are made employable for elite jobs in Swedish and international industry. The SSE is Sweden's only private university and is sometimes described as a model institution for how all higher education should be conducted in the country. Relative to other universities in Sweden, the SSE is a “free” institution, without any strong formal bonds to the state, which is said to promote an ability to swiftly adapt to circumstances and offer their students a “timely” education, resulting in a high degree of competitiveness. Indeed, the SSE has close connections to the corporate world that offers the institution guidance in how to promote student employability, and can boost excellent records in making their students attractive to elite employers, even in the public sector.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220822 (URN)10.4324/9781003246367-4 (DOI)9781032159294 (ISBN)9781003246367 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-12 Skapad: 2023-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. & Wiesel, I. (2023). Elite Communities and Polarization in Neoliberal Society: Consecration in Australia's and Sweden's Wealthy Neighbourhoods. Critical Sociology, 49(4-5), 767-782
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Elite Communities and Polarization in Neoliberal Society: Consecration in Australia's and Sweden's Wealthy Neighbourhoods
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 49, nr 4-5, s. 767-782Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

'Elite communities' are the areas where the wealthy, and even 'superrich', live, socialize and raise their children as future economic and financial elites; they are the places where a few lead socially and economically privileged lives. Earlier studies have concentrated on the inner dynamics of these settings, focusing on the way residents are constructed and socialized as elites through their social, communicative and aesthetic abilities that are perceived as exemplary in contemporary neoliberal society. In this paper, we broaden the perspective, by exploring how these areas contribute to polarization, that is, how they generate distinctions based on money, morals and manners that are peculiar to neoliberalism's idealization of 'entrepreneurship', 'self-management', 'leadership' and the pursuit of an 'active lifestyle'. Our data come from two major ethnographic studies: one conducted between 2010 and 2015 of Sweden's wealthiest community, Djursholm, that is populated by the country's business and financial elites; the other conducted between 2016 and 2019 of three of Australia's most prestigious and economically privileged suburbs, Toorak (Melbourne), Mosman (Sydney) and Cottesloe (Perth).

Nyckelord
elites, neoliberalism, polarization, consecration, cultural capital
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-208212 (URN)10.1177/08969205221108656 (DOI)000821650400001 ()2-s2.0-85133888178 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-26 Skapad: 2022-08-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. (2023). Kungen: Sveriges ledare. Natur och kultur
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Kungen: Sveriges ledare
2023 (Svenska)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Natur och kultur, 2023. s. 658
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220809 (URN)9789127168770 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-12 Skapad: 2023-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Benner, M. & Holmqvist, M. (2023). Universities under neoliberalism – market inspired reforms of Swedish higher education. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 9(1), 72-73
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Universities under neoliberalism – market inspired reforms of Swedish higher education
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 72-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Nyckelord
Universities, ideology, management
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220816 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2023.2185368 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-12 Skapad: 2023-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Benner, M. & Holmqvist, M. (Eds.). (2023). Universities Under Neoliberalism: Ideologies, Discourses and Management Practices. Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Universities Under Neoliberalism: Ideologies, Discourses and Management Practices
2023 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The COVID-19 pandemic, the surge of populism, the climate crisis and many other destabilizing factors in our time, all point at the expectation of trustworthy knowledge and reliable organization devoted to knowledge production and dissemination. However, universities remain enmeshed in economic liberalization and ensuing cultural struggles where their funding, governance and practices reflect market imprints – even academic ideals such as originality, or social ideals such as relevance have been transformed into measurable units and thereby risk losing their historical sway. This predicament is the focus of this book.

The book explores the rise of neo-liberalization in academic system in a highly unlikely place: Sweden, a country with a strong social democratic tradition and a long history of state regulation of higher education. As an advanced welfare state with a powerful labour movement and a large public sector, market ideals and practices have been carefully curtailed historically. This notwithstanding, a neoliberal university model has evolved there, reshaping notions of academic identities, institutional directions and notions of quality. This edited collection will be of value to researchers, academics and students with an interest in organizational studies, governance, management, higher education, sociology and politics.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2023. s. 138
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220820 (URN)9781032159294 (ISBN)9781003246367 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-12 Skapad: 2023-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. (2023). Un-learning to labour. Activating the unemployed in a former industrial community. Arkiv förlag, 2023: Jon Sunnerfjell [Review]. Sociologisk forskning, 60(1), 110-112
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Un-learning to labour. Activating the unemployed in a former industrial community. Arkiv förlag, 2023: Jon Sunnerfjell
2023 (Svenska)Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 110-112Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220826 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-12 Skapad: 2023-09-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. (2022). Consecrating and Desecrating Elite Communities: Fearing and Dealing with Social Deviance in Sweden's Wealthiest Neighborhood. Cultural Sociology, 16(3), 358-378
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Consecrating and Desecrating Elite Communities: Fearing and Dealing with Social Deviance in Sweden's Wealthiest Neighborhood
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cultural Sociology, ISSN 1749-9755, E-ISSN 1749-9763, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 358-378Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article I report observations from an ethnographic study of a Swedish economic elite community, including interviews with residents and service staff, and participant observations in various social contexts stretching over a period of five years that can contribute to an understanding of how elite communities respond to potential social deviance among its members, such as feelings of insufficiency and stress, thus trying to avoid any 'desecration' of their social and cultural capital. Specifically, I examine how the practices through which desecration is avoided, for example the exclusion of unwanted members, interplay in the further consecration of the communities, thus maintaining and strengthening elites' status and standing, Studying the problems and difficulties experienced by elites in their neighborhood settings, and how they try to manage them, is potentially an important step forward to better analyze and understand the way powerful groups in contemporary society maintain and strengthen their privileges and power.

Nyckelord
consecration, cultural capital, desecration, elites, power
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-200388 (URN)10.1177/17499755211053172 (DOI)000724780900001 ()2-s2.0-85120337496 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-04 Skapad: 2022-01-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Holmqvist, M. (2022). Economics as symbolic capital: The consecration of elite business schools. Theory and society, 51(3), 435-455
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Economics as symbolic capital: The consecration of elite business schools
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 435-455Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Ever since the first elite business schools were founded in Europe and the United States during the late 1800s and early 1900s, they have enjoyed an intimate relationship with economics. Despite some notable analyses of economics' importance for the successful institutionalization of business schools, an understanding of the relation between economics and elite business schools requires further development. As such, this paper focuses on 'economics as symbolic capital' for the consecration of business schools as elite settings, with particular emphasis on the symbolic aspects of economics' cultural and social capital. Consecration can be seen as critical to the institutionalization of elite business schools; in contrast to the primary focus of previous studies on the material significance of economics in business schools, my chief concern is the discipline's symbolic power and importance for business schools' status as elite institutions in many countries today. Data from a study on Sweden's elite business school, The Stockholm School of Economics (SSE), were based on both historical and contemporary sources, including archival material, biographies, statistics, participant observations, and interviews with faculty and students. The SSE is one of the world's oldest elite business schools where economics has played a critical role ever since its establishment; the SSE's economics faculty has a unique relation to the ultimate source of capital for contemporary global economics, namely, The Nobel Prize in Economics, which exerts a significant influence on the discipline's general standing and status today.

Nyckelord
Consecration, Economics, Elite business school, Symbolic capital
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-197149 (URN)10.1007/s11186-021-09455-z (DOI)000674214100001 ()2-s2.0-85110592331 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-27 Skapad: 2021-09-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-08-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4725-8757

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