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Quin, Jaclyn
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Rolicka, A., Guo, Y., Gañez Zapater, A., Tariq, K., Quin, J., Vintermist, A., . . . Östlund Farrants, A. (2020). The chromatin‐remodeling complexes B‐WICH and NuRD regulate ribosomal transcription in response to glucose. The FASEB Journal, 34(8), 10818-10834
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The chromatin‐remodeling complexes B‐WICH and NuRD regulate ribosomal transcription in response to glucose
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: The FASEB Journal, ISSN 0892-6638, E-ISSN 1530-6860, Vol. 34, nr 8, s. 10818-10834Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Regulation of ribosomal transcription is under tight control from environmental stimuli, and this control involves changes in the chromatin structure. The underlying mechanism of how chromatin changes in response to nutrient and energy supply in the cell is still unclear. The chromatin‐remodeling complex B‐WICH is involved in activating the ribosomal transcription, and we show here that knock down of the B‐WICH component WSTF results in cells that do not respond to glucose. The promoter is less accessible, and RNA pol I and its transcription factors SL1/TIF‐1B and RRN3/TIF‐1A, as well as the proto‐oncogene c‐MYC and the activating deacetylase SIRT7 do not bind upon glucose stimulation. In contrast, the repressive chromatin state that forms after glucose deprivation is reversible, and RNA pol I factors are recruited. WSTF knock down results in an accumulation of the ATPase CHD4, a component of the NuRD chromatin remodeling complex, which is responsible for establishing a repressive poised state at the promoter. The TTF‐1, which binds and affect the binding of the chromatin complexes, is important to control the association of activating chromatin component UBF. We suggest that B‐WICH is required to allow for a shift to an active chromatin state upon environmental stimulation, by counteracting the repressive state induced by the NuRD complex.

Nyckelord
CHD4, chromatin remodeling, c-MYC, ribosomal genes, TTF-1, WSTF
Nationell ämneskategori
Cellbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-184041 (URN)10.1096/fj.202000411R (DOI)000546063500001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2020-08-12 Skapad: 2020-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Troye-Blomberg, M., Arama, C., Quin, J., Bujila, I. & Östlund Farrants, A.-K. (2020). What will studies of Fulani individuals naturally exposed to malaria teach us about protective immunity to malaria?. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, 92(4), Article ID e12932.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>What will studies of Fulani individuals naturally exposed to malaria teach us about protective immunity to malaria?
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0300-9475, E-ISSN 1365-3083, Vol. 92, nr 4, artikel-id e12932Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There are an estimated over 200 million yearly cases of malaria worldwide. Despite concerted international effort to combat the disease, it still causes approximately half a million deaths every year, the majority of which are young children with Plasmodium falciparum infection in sub-Saharan Africa. Successes are largely attributed to malaria prevention strategies, such as insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor spraying, as well as improved access to existing treatments. One important hurdle to new approaches for the treatment and prevention of malaria is our limited understanding of the biology of Plasmodium infection and its complex interaction with the immune system of its human host. Therefore, the elimination of malaria in Africa not only relies on existing tools to reduce malaria burden, but also requires fundamental research to develop innovative approaches. Here, we summarize our discoveries from investigations of ethnic groups of West Africa who have different susceptibility to malaria.

Nyckelord
B cells, dendritic cells, inflammation, macrophages, monocytes, parasitic, T cells
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187673 (URN)10.1111/sji.12932 (DOI)000576528300014 ()32652609 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-12-21 Skapad: 2020-12-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Arama, C., Quin, J. E., Kouriba, B., Östlund Farrants, A.-K., Troye-Blomberg, M. & Doumbo, O. K. (2018). Epigenetics and Malaria Susceptibility/Protection: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle. Frontiers in Immunology, 9, Article ID 1733.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Epigenetics and Malaria Susceptibility/Protection: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Immunology, E-ISSN 1664-3224, Vol. 9, artikel-id 1733Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A better understanding of stable changes in regulation of gene expression that result from epigenetic events is of great relevance in the development of strategies to prevent and treat infectious diseases. Histone modification and DNA methylation are key epigenetic mechanisms that can be regarded as marks, which ensure an accurate transmission of the chromatin states and gene expression profiles over generations of cells. There is an increasing list of these modifications, and the complexity of their action is just beginning to be understood. It is clear that the epigenetic landscape plays a fundamental role in most biological processes that involve the manipulation and expression of DNA. Although the molecular mechanism of gene regulation is relatively well understood, the hierarchical order of events and dependencies that lead to protection against infection remain largely unknown. In this review, we propose that host epigenetics is an essential, though relatively under studied, factor in the protection or susceptibility to malaria.

Nyckelord
epigenetic, immunity, malaria, falciparum, protection, susceptibility
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158903 (URN)10.3389/fimmu.2018.01733 (DOI)000440720400001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-20 Skapad: 2018-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Quin, J. E., Bujila, I., Chérif, M., Sanou, G. S., Qu, Y., Homann, M. V., . . . Östlund Farrants, A.-K. (2017). Major transcriptional changes observed in the Fulani, an ethnic group less susceptible to malaria. eLIFE, 6, Article ID e29156.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Major transcriptional changes observed in the Fulani, an ethnic group less susceptible to malaria
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 6, artikel-id e29156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The Fulani ethnic group has relatively better protection from Plasmodium falciparum malaria, as reflected by fewer symptomatic cases of malaria, lower infection rates, and lower parasite densities compared to sympatric ethnic groups. However, the basis for this lower susceptibility to malaria by the Fulani is unknown. The incidence of classic malaria resistance genes are lower in the Fulani than in other sympatric ethnic populations, and targeted SNP analyses of other candidate genes involved in the immune response to malaria have not been able to account for the observed difference in the Fulani susceptibility to P.falciparum. Therefore, we have performed a pilot study to examine global transcription and DNA methylation patterns in specific immune cell populations in the Fulani to elucidate the mechanisms that confer the lower susceptibility to P.falciparum malaria. When we compared uninfected and infected Fulani individuals, in contrast to uninfected and infected individuals from the sympatric ethnic group Mossi, we observed a key difference: a strong transcriptional response was only detected in the monocyte fraction of the Fulani, where over 1000 genes were significantly differentially expressed upon P.falciparum infection.

Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148886 (URN)10.7554/eLife.29156 (DOI)000412360800001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-21 Skapad: 2017-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Quin, J., Chan, K. T., Devlin, J. R., Cameron, D. P., Diesch, J., Cullinane, C., . . . Hannan, R. D. (2016). Inhibition of RNA polymerase I transcription initiation by CX-5461 activates non-canonical ATM/ATR signaling. Oncotarget, 7(31), 49800-49818
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Inhibition of RNA polymerase I transcription initiation by CX-5461 activates non-canonical ATM/ATR signaling
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2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Oncotarget, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 7, nr 31, s. 49800-49818Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

RNA polymerase I (Pol I)-mediated transcription of the ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) is confined to the nucleolus and is a rate-limiting step for cell growth and proliferation. Inhibition of Pol I by CX-5461 can selectively induce p53-mediated apoptosis of tumour cells in vivo. Currently, CX-5461 is in clinical trial for patients with advanced haematological malignancies (Peter Mac, Melbourne). Here we demonstrate that CX-5461 also induces p53-independent cell cycle checkpoints mediated by ATM/ATR signaling in the absence of DNA damage. Further, our data demonstrate that the combination of drugs targeting ATM/ATR signaling and CX-5461 leads to enhanced therapeutic benefit in treating p53-null tumours in vivo, which are normally refractory to each drug alone. Mechanistically, we show that CX-5461 induces an unusual chromatin structure in which transcriptionally competent relaxed rDNA repeats are devoid of transcribing Pol I leading to activation of ATM signaling within the nucleoli. Thus, we propose that acute inhibition of Pol transcription initiation by CX-5461 induces a novel nucleolar stress response that can be targeted to improve therapeutic efficacy.

Nyckelord
RNA polymerase I, rDNA, CX-5461, nucleolar stress response, DNA damage signaling
Nationell ämneskategori
Cellbiologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135980 (URN)10.18632/oncotarget.10452 (DOI)000385422000078 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-28 Skapad: 2016-11-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Rolicka, A., Guo, Y., Gañez-Zapater, A., Quin, J., Vintermist, A., Sadeghifar, F., . . . Östlund-Farrants, A.-K.The chromatin remodelling complex B-WICH is required for transcriptional activation of the ribosomal transcription by glucose stimulation..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The chromatin remodelling complex B-WICH is required for transcriptional activation of the ribosomal transcription by glucose stimulation.
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(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Forskningsämne
cellbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161376 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-23 Skapad: 2018-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-26Bibliografiskt granskad
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