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Sjöström, Oskar
Publications (10 of 35) Show all publications
Sjöström, O. (2015). Lumpna minnen? Materialitet och mentalitet i Armémuseums lumpenenkät: [Conscription memories: Materiality and mentality in the Swedish Army Museum's web survey on military service]. Historisk Tidskrift, 135(2), 236-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lumpna minnen? Materialitet och mentalitet i Armémuseums lumpenenkät: [Conscription memories: Materiality and mentality in the Swedish Army Museum's web survey on military service]
2015 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 135, no 2, p. 236-265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following a decision made by the Swedish Riksdag in 2009 to end the century-old system of compulsory military service by Swedes commonly known as lumpen - the Swedish Army Museum two years later launched a large-scale project to collect written and oral memories of former conscripts. One of the main methods in gathering these memoirs was a public web survey entitled Lumpenminnen, i.e. conscription memories.. When the survey closed in 2014, it had generated more than 2,200 genuine responses. One of the main purposes behind the survey was to examine the respondents' recollections of some of the many objects they had encountered during their military service.

This article analyses these memories within a theoretical framework provided by the concepts of material culture in general and materiality in particular. Specifically, it relies on the anthropologist Daniel Miller's understanding of objects and the use of them as not only a question of function and practicality, but as a process of transferring power relations and of identity-making. From this point of view, the things that we use and wear as professionals as well as in everyday life can be studied as artefacts filled with significance and meaning that can force us into certain mindsets and behaviour. Interestingly, the survey not only serves to shed light on these often elusive matters, but also lends much support to the assumptions made by researchers such as Miller.

In the specific context of lumpen, weapons, uniforms and even everyday items such as canned food and underwear clearly played an important role in forming the military mentalities and identities of the conscripts. Many of the respondents in the survey testify that the unavoidable interplay between themselves and their equipment actually changed their ways of thinking and acting. Much can be said in detail about the ways in which the military apparel seems to have transformed and/or enhanced the conscripts in many different ways, such as the weapon that could give the individual a sense of power and responsibility, or the uniform that could grant him or her qualities of authority and fellowship. But the main point is that this materiality is necessary to take into account in any serious attempt to reconstruct the experiences of military service.

Keywords
Sweden, military service, military apparel, material culture, materiality, Swedish Army Museum, web survey
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-180019 (URN)000356467400003 ()
Available from: 2021-12-02 Created: 2021-12-02 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2015). Mångkultur bland det svenskaste som finns. Svenska Dagbladet (13 september)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mångkultur bland det svenskaste som finns
2015 (Swedish)In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 13 septemberArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134029 (URN)
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Runefelt, L. & Sjöström, O. (2014). Förmoderna offentligheter: En introduktion. In: Leif Runefelt, Oskar Sjöström (Ed.), Förmoderna offentligheter: Arenor och uttryck för politisk debatt 1550-1830. Lund: Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förmoderna offentligheter: En introduktion
2014 (Swedish)In: Förmoderna offentligheter: Arenor och uttryck för politisk debatt 1550-1830 / [ed] Leif Runefelt, Oskar Sjöström, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134030 (URN)978-91-87351-12-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2013). Frankrike mot England: Blodiga strider i 100 år. Allt om historia (1), 40-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frankrike mot England: Blodiga strider i 100 år
2013 (Swedish)In: Allt om historia, ISSN 1653-3224, no 1, p. 40-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90290 (URN)
Available from: 2013-05-31 Created: 2013-05-31 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2013). Häst på tallriken: om hästköttsdebatten. Populär historia (6), 44-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Häst på tallriken: om hästköttsdebatten
2013 (Swedish)In: Populär historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no 6, p. 44-45Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90289 (URN)
Available from: 2013-05-31 Created: 2013-05-31 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2013). Pommerska kriget. Populär historia (9)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pommerska kriget
2013 (Swedish)In: Populär historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no 9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Pommerska kriget var en del av det så kallade sjuårskriget som avslutades för 250 år sedan. En klausul i westfaliska freden tvingade svenskarna att ta till vapen mot Preussen. Rädslan att bli till åtlöje gjorde att de inte vågade låta bli.

Keywords
Pommerska kriget
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101122 (URN)
Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-26 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2012). Bitwa pod Wschową 1706: A potem pole bitwy zabarwiło się na czerwono. Zabrze: Inforteditions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bitwa pod Wschową 1706: A potem pole bitwy zabarwiło się na czerwono
2012 (Polish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zabrze: Inforteditions, 2012. p. 341
Series
Bitwy / Taktyka ; 48
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87939 (URN)9788389943972 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2012). Gamla julen slogs i spillror redan för hundra år sedan. Dagens nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gamla julen slogs i spillror redan för hundra år sedan
2012 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87988 (URN)
Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2012). Militär vändpunkt: Industrin: Industrierna gav det totala kriget. Militär historia (4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Militär vändpunkt: Industrin: Industrierna gav det totala kriget
2012 (Swedish)In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87987 (URN)
Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Sjöström, O. (2012). Militär vändpunkt: Krutet: Krutet banade väg för kungarna. Militär historia (3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Militär vändpunkt: Krutet: Krutet banade väg för kungarna
2012 (Swedish)In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87984 (URN)
Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
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