Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Stranz, Hugo
Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Bergmark, Å. & Stranz, H. (2023). A safety net for all? – Vignette-based assessments of Swedish social assistance over three decades. Journal of Social Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A safety net for all? – Vignette-based assessments of Swedish social assistance over three decades
2023 (English)In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Swedish welfare is often characterized as comprehensive and generous. Social assistance constitutes the final safety net in the Swedish model. Unlike most other benefits, eligibility and subsidy levels are here subject to extensive means-testing, with eligibility determined by individual caseworkers. In this article, we explore the extent to which eligibility determination and generosity of benefits have changed in social assistance assessments over three decades, relating these to changes in regulations over the same period.

The article presents data from three independent vignette studies conducted in the mid-1990s, mid-2000s and in 2018 respectively. The data consist of assessments of a total of six vignettes, made by individual caseworkers (n=1 337). The results indicate that overall generosity in social assistance has decreased considerably over the last 25 years and that, despite both national and local initiatives to reduce individual variation in assessments, disparities have instead increased.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-216734 (URN)10.1017/S0047279422000988 (DOI)000950729000001 ()2-s2.0-85151407354 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-26 Created: 2023-04-26 Last updated: 2023-08-16
Hussénius, K., Stranz, H. & Bergmark, Å. (2023). Eligibility Deliberations at the Frontline: Uncertainty and Ethnicity Bias in Decision-Making about Social Assistance.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eligibility Deliberations at the Frontline: Uncertainty and Ethnicity Bias in Decision-Making about Social Assistance
2023 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study contributes to an understanding of the role of uncertainty in frontline decision-making about social assistance (SA) eligibility. Assessments by social workers of two vignettes (n=927; n=936) describing fictional SA applicants were analysed. The names of the fictional applicants were randomly varied so that the respondents assessed vignettes with either Swedish- or Arabic-sounding names. The respondents were asked to assess eligibility for SA, and to specify if any alternative assessment would be possible to make. Data was analysed by means of directed content analysis of free-text answers on the one hand, and crosstabulations and multilevel regression models on the other. 

The results show, first, that the social workers related the possibility of alternative assessments to varying definitions of what the uncertainty problem was, why it had arisen and how it could be solved. These aspects are discussed in terms of four to some extent overlapping rationales. Second, the results show that ethnicity bias may be involved both in how suitable for eligibility respondents assess SA applicants to be, and how definite or uncertain they perceive their own assessments to be. For both vignettes, the choice to deny SA to applicants with Arabic-sounding names was most clearly linked to perceived uncertainty. 

Keywords
decision-making, social welfare, ethnicity bias, street-level bureaucracy, discrimination, ekonomiskt bistånd, socialbidrag, etnicitet, diskriminering, bedömning, beslutsfattande
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-213739 (URN)
Available from: 2023-01-15 Created: 2023-01-15 Last updated: 2023-01-16
Bergmark, Å. & Stranz, H. (2023). Utilized discretion: a vignette study of social assistance assessments in Sweden. European Journal of Social Work, 26(5), 840-852
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilized discretion: a vignette study of social assistance assessments in Sweden
2023 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 840-852Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish social assistance (SA) is administered with substantial discretion among both municipalities and social workers. Although such discretionary power has its merits, it also comes with potential disadvantages. Previous studies show considerable variation in assessments of SA eligibility, not only between municipalities but also between social workers within the same organisation. Further, the differences seem to have increased over time and apply irrespective of the method used for measurement. The present paper analyses eligibility assessments of eight so-called vignettes, collected among just over 1,000 social workers in 19 Swedish municipalities, including Sweden’s three major cities. The assessments are analysed by means of multilevel logistic and linear regression analysis, focusing on the influence that basic social worker characteristics, professional factors and individual attitudes exert over (a) propensity to grant SA in separate vignettes and (b) general tendency to grant applications. The results show that social workers’ caseload and attitudes towards clients and SA in general affect the outcomes of assessments the most. Along with the fact that significant parts of the variations remain unexplained, one main conclusion is that Swedish SA administration seem to be somewhat disengaged from formal rules and regulations.

Keywords
assessments, Social assistance, variations, vignettes, article, city, eligibility, human, linear regression analysis, outcome assessment, social worker, Sweden, vignette
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-212724 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2022.2113863 (DOI)2-s2.0-85136596761 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-12 Created: 2022-12-12 Last updated: 2023-09-11Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, L. & Stranz, H. (2019). A matter of choice—professionals’ views on the incorporation of practical work with intimate partner violence into Swedish personal social services. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 10(1), 48-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A matter of choice—professionals’ views on the incorporation of practical work with intimate partner violence into Swedish personal social services
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 48-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decades, efforts have been made to increase local support provided to victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Sweden. As with other social problems, responsibility to address IPV falls on the municipal personal social services. The present article draws upon data obtained via structured telephone interviews with designated personal social services staff members from a sample of 99 municipalities, focusing on aspects of potential progress in social work with IPV. The results show that successful incorporation of IPV into personal social services largely seems to depend upon the commitment and dedication of individual actors within the organisations. Furthermore, the data indicate that competence in this field depends on personal inclination, with attention to IPV appearing as ‘a matter of choice’. The results are analysed using neo-institutional theory as well as concepts related to social movement studies, with focus on individual agency in organisational change and the potential relevance of IPV as an issue related to gender inequality to gender inequality. The analysis suggests that while IPV social work may challenge institutionalised practises within social services, change may go both ways with IPV being reframed to fit within the established framework of social services.

Keywords
Intimate partner violence, Domestic violence, Social services, Organisational change
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172815 (URN)10.7577/njsr.2593 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Stranz, H. & Wiklund, S. (2019). Ekonomiskt bistånd i särskilda grupper: exemplet ensamstående kvinnor med barn. In: Torbjörn Hjort (Ed.), Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag (pp. 269-292). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ekonomiskt bistånd i särskilda grupper: exemplet ensamstående kvinnor med barn
2019 (Swedish)In: Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 269-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172819 (URN)978-91-44-11634-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Stranz, H. (2019). Med oddsen på sin sida? Om bedömningen av rätten till ekonomiskt bistånd. In: Torbjörn Hjort (Ed.), Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag (pp. 131-152). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Med oddsen på sin sida? Om bedömningen av rätten till ekonomiskt bistånd
2019 (Swedish)In: Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 131-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172818 (URN)978-91-44-11634-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Stranz, H., Bergmark, Å. & Lundström, T. (2019). På olika villkor? Extern samverkan inom socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 26(2), 131-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>På olika villkor? Extern samverkan inom socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg
2019 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 131-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On different terms? External collaboration in personal social services

The Swedish personal social services (PSS) are often considered as a part of the public sector where the need for collaboration with other local agencies or municipalities is particularly strong. The significance of collaboration is articulated not only in legislation and in policy documents, but is also reflected in the organization of services. This article focuses on collaboration in the PSS and is based on survey data from a cross-sectional sample of second-tier managers in mid-sized Swedish municipalities (n=119). Our aim is to analyse (i) to what extent, and with whom, PSS’s core domains – social assistance (SA), child welfare services (CWS) and substance abuse treatment (SAT) – are collaborating, (ii) the general opinions about collaboration among the respondents, and (iii) whether there are any differences with respect to (i) and (ii) between the core domains. The results show that collaboration, as expected, is an extensive feature in the PSS, particularly collaborative activities that are carried out with individual partners. Further, there are significant differences between the core domains, with collaboration intensity being notably high in CWS. The respondents in CWS also show less enthusiasm for collaboration than those representing SAT and SA.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161461 (URN)10.3384/SVT.2019.26.2.3083 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Bergmark, Å. & Stranz, H. (2019). Studie av Instrument X: Om användningen av ett standardiserat instrument i arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd. Stockholm: Sveriges kommuner och regioner
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studie av Instrument X: Om användningen av ett standardiserat instrument i arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport behandlas Instrument X, ett instrument för initial bedömning, insatsval och uppföljning i arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur instrumentet används i praktiken och dess betydelse för individer som uppbär ekonomiskt bistånd.

Studien är genomförd inom ramen för ett nationellt tre-årigt utvecklingsprojekt som SKR driver tillsammans med 27 kommuner och forskare, i syfte att bryta långvarigt biståndsmottagande och utveckla verksamhetsområdet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges kommuner och regioner, 2019. p. 47
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177958 (URN)978-91-7585-755-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2022-03-08Bibliographically approved
Stranz, H. & Minas, R. (2019). Styrning, specialisering och sortering: om organiseringen av arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd. In: Torbjörn Hjort (Ed.), Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag (pp. 105-129). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Styrning, specialisering och sortering: om organiseringen av arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd
2019 (Swedish)In: Det yttersta skyddsnätet: om arbete med socialbidrag / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 105-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172817 (URN)978-91-44-11634-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Bergmark, Å., Germundsson, N., Lundström, T. & Stranz, H. (2017). Ringar på vattnet: om samverkan i socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg. Socionomens forskningssupplement, 28(1), 31-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ringar på vattnet: om samverkan i socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg
2017 (Swedish)In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 31-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161457 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2023-02-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications