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Christianson, Sven Å.
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 37) Show all publications
Eriksson, M. C. & Christianson, S. Å. (2017). Professionals' Experiences With and Perceptions of Children Exposed to Severe and Homicidal Violence in Sweden. Victims & Offenders, 12(4), 523-548
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professionals' Experiences With and Perceptions of Children Exposed to Severe and Homicidal Violence in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 523-548Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine professionals' experiences, perceptions, and knowledge regarding violence-exposed children in order to clarify the status and opportunities these children have in the Swedish legal system. A questionnaire was distributed to 63 professionals, representing police, prosecutors, social personnel, and treatment personnel. Findings revealed several problems that hindered effective work. Routines and guidelines were lacking and knowledge gaps regarding these children were found among all professions. Perceptions that children remember and tell were widely held, although conditions enabling sufficient reports are seldom met. Results can be used to guide necessary changes in national routines and guidelines to ensure recovery and maintaining of societal rights of this group of psychologically abused victims.

Keywords
child abuse, family/domestic violence, qualitative methods, victim's rights
National Category
Law Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143504 (URN)10.1080/15564886.2015.1118419 (DOI)000399618800002 ()
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Christianson, S. Å. (2016). A cat-and-mouse game: Media Manipulation. In: J Thomas Dalby, Lisa Ramshaw (Ed.), Shrunk: Crime and disorders of the mind (pp. 22-39). Calgary: Durvile Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cat-and-mouse game: Media Manipulation
2016 (English)In: Shrunk: Crime and disorders of the mind / [ed] J Thomas Dalby, Lisa Ramshaw, Calgary: Durvile Publications , 2016, p. 22-39Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

SHRUNK is a collection of true cases by eminent Canadian and international forensic psychologists and psychiatrists facing the tough topic of mental illness in the criminal justice system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Calgary: Durvile Publications, 2016
Series
'True cases' series' ; 2
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165411 (URN)9780994735201 (ISBN)9780994735232 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Christianson, S. Å. & Rogland, U. (2016). Vad är grooming?. Malmö: Arx
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad är grooming?
2016 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Arx, 2016. p. 240
Keywords
grooming, sexuella övergrepp, barn, ungdomar, internet
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165318 (URN)9789187043772 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Azad, A., Christianson, S.-Å. & Selenius, H. (2014). Children's reporting patterns after witnessing homicidal violence - the effect of repeated experience and repeated interviews. Psychology, Crime and Law, 20(5), 407-429
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's reporting patterns after witnessing homicidal violence - the effect of repeated experience and repeated interviews
2014 (English)In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 407-429Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For both legal and clinical purposes, it is of importance to study children's memories and reports of stressful events. The present study investigated the reporting patterns of 83 children who had witnessed homicidal violence, which is considered to be a highly stressful experience. More specifically, we explored the possible effects of prior violence exposure and of repeated questioning on the amount of details reported. Results showed that the majority of children provided detailed reports about the homicidal violence they had witnessed, including details concerning what happened before, during, and after the violent act. The children provided detailed and vivid testimonies from their experiences, whether they witnessed the event for the first time or had prior experience of witnessing severe violence against the victim by the perpetrator. Children with no prior experience of repeated violence who underwent repeated interviews provided more details than those interviewed once. The present data indicate that children are competent witnesses when questioned in legal contexts after having been exposed to extremely stressful events. These findings have implications for research related to children's memories and reporting of traumatic experiences, as well as practical implications for future treatment and evaluation of children's testimonies.

Keywords
repeated exposure, children's memory and reports, homicidal violence, repeated interviews
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-104119 (URN)10.1080/1068316X.2013.793337 (DOI)000334722600001 ()
Note

AuthorCount:3;

Available from: 2014-06-03 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Christianson, S. Å., Azad, A., Leander, L. & Selenius, H. (2013). Children as Witnesses to Homicidal Violence: What They Remember and Report. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 20(3), 366-383
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children as Witnesses to Homicidal Violence: What They Remember and Report
2013 (English)In: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, ISSN 1321-8719, E-ISSN 1934-1687, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 366-383Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated how 96 children who have witnessed homicidal violence remember and report their experiences. The aims of the study were to describe the children's reporting pattern and to investigate background factors that could affect the children's reporting. Police interviews with the children were analysed regarding the amount and type of information reported, as well as frequency of denial, withholding and claims of memory loss. Results showed that the majority of children provided detailed reports about the homicidal violence they had witnessed, including critical details about the abuse. Results also revealed that the child's relationship to the perpetrator or the victim did not affect the children's reporting pattern, indicating that the children's willingness to report exceeds strong impact factors such as loyalty conflicts. These findings are applicable in different legal contexts dealing with child witnesses and can be used as guidance when interviewing children and evaluating their testimony.

Keywords
children's memory, eyewitness reports, homicidal violence, trauma
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94592 (URN)10.1080/13218719.2012.692930 (DOI)000323634300005 ()
Note

AuthorCount:4;

Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2022-02-18Bibliographically approved
Azad, A. & Christianson, S. Å. (2012). Barn och ungdomar minns och berättar detaljerat efter att ha bevittnat dödligt våld. Svensk Juristtidning, 97, 746-759
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barn och ungdomar minns och berättar detaljerat efter att ha bevittnat dödligt våld
2012 (Swedish)In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, Vol. 97, p. 746-759Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

De flesta barn som kommer i kontakt med rättsväsendet har utsatts för stressfyllda eller traumatiska händelser. Följaktligen är effekten av starka negativa känslor på minnet och berättandet, av både juridiska och kliniska skäl, av stor vikt att undersöka. I ett pågående forskningsprojekt har vi kartlagt de mönster som präglar barns minnen och berättande när de bevittnat dödligt våld, samt olika bakgrundsfaktorer som kan tänkas påverka barnens vittnesmål. Totalt har vi analyserat polisförhör med över 100 barn och ungdomar i åldrarna 3–17 år. Huvudresultaten visar att barn berättar detaljerat om dessa upplevelser i polisförhör, oavsett ålder och relation till gärningsmannen och/eller offret. Därtill visar resultaten att upprepade förhör leder till ett än mer detaljerat berättande. Det finns således skäl till att reflektera över etablerade uppfattningar angående i vilken utsträckning barn är lojala mot sina föräldrar och av den anledningen tiger om det våld de upplevt i hemmet. Barnets vittnesmål är av stor vikt för att få ett bättre underlag i en brottsutredning och för att försäkra barnets rätt till brottsskadeersättning samt för att domstolarna vid straffvärdesbedömningen ska kunna beakta att ett barn bevittnat brottet.

Keywords
vittne, minne, barn, ungdomar, dödligt våld, traumatiska händelser
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165324 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Corovic, J., Christianson, S. Å. & Bergman, L. R. (2012). From Crime Scene Actions in Stranger Rape to Prediction of Rapist Type: Single-Victim or Serial Rapist?. Behavioral sciences & the law (Print), 30(6), 764-781
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Crime Scene Actions in Stranger Rape to Prediction of Rapist Type: Single-Victim or Serial Rapist?
2012 (English)In: Behavioral sciences & the law (Print), ISSN 0735-3936, E-ISSN 1099-0798, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 764-781Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The differences in crime scene actions in cases of stranger rape committed by convicted offenders were examined between 31 single-victim rapists and 35 serial rapists. Data were collected from police files, court verdicts, psychiatric evaluations, and criminal records. Findings indicate that the serial rapists were more criminally sophisticated than the single-victim rapists, during their first and second rapes. The single-victim rapists were significantly more likely to engage in the interpersonal involvement behavior of kissing the victim, and to engage in pre-assault alcohol use, than the serial rapists. There was, however, no significant difference in physically violent or sexual behaviors. To investigate the possibility of predicting rapist type, logistic regression analyses were performed. Results indicate that three behaviors in conjunction, kissed victim, controlled victim, and offender drank alcohol before the offense, predicted whether an unknown offender is a single-victim or serial rapist with a classification accuracy of 80.4%. The findings have implications for the classification of stranger rapists in offender profiling.

Keywords
stranger rape, crime scene actions, offender profiling
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83856 (URN)10.1002/bsl.2026 (DOI)000312033600006 ()
Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Rogland, U. & Christianson, S. Å. (2012). "Jag kände mig speciell": grooming på Internet. Stockholm: Kalla kulor
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Jag kände mig speciell": grooming på Internet
2012 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kalla kulor, 2012. p. 160
Keywords
dating, Internet, sociala medier, grooming, sexuella övergrepp, rättsfall
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165322 (URN)978-91-87049-05-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-24 Created: 2019-01-24 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Christianson, S. Å. (2011). Kommentarer till debattartikel om minnespsykologiska teorier. Svensk Juristtidning (3), 321-323
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kommentarer till debattartikel om minnespsykologiska teorier
2011 (Swedish)In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 3, p. 321-323Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
minne, minnespsykologiska teorier, debatt
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70448 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-20 Created: 2012-01-20 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Christianson, S. Å. & Ehrenkrona, M. (2011). Psykologi och bevisvärdering: myter om trovärdighet och tillförlitlighet (1ed.). Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psykologi och bevisvärdering: myter om trovärdighet och tillförlitlighet
2011 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

”Vittnet talade klart och tydligt, hade stadig blick och lämnade en detaljrik och sammanhängande berättelse. Dessutom var hon säker på sina uppgifter och hade konsekvent berättat samma sak mellan olika förhör.”

Är detta ett trovärdigt vittne och en tillförlitlig utsaga? – Inte självklart.

Tvärtom visar flera vetenskapliga studier att många av de handgrepp och antaganden om hur människan fungerar som används inom rättsväsendet stämmer dåligt med den psykologiska forskningen på området.

Med utgångspunkt i domar, intervjuer och enkätundersökningar analyserar författarna en rad psykologiska myter i juridiken. Olika föreställningar illustreras även med exempel från litteratur, konst och film, och många gamla sanningar sätts i nytt perspektiv. Syftet är att med aktuell och relevant kunskap bidra till att höja kvaliteten i de juridiska bedömningarna för att ytterst öka rättssäkerheten.

Boken vänder sig i första hand till advokater, domare, åklagare, poliser och andra som är verksamma inom rättsväsendet. Den kan med fördel användas av juridikstudenter som vill fördjupa sina insikter i bevisvärdering och vid universitetskurser i kriminologi och rättspsykologi.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2011. p. 269 Edition: 1
Keywords
bevisvärdering, trovärdighet, myter, juridik, rättssäkerhet
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-69291 (URN)9789139015369 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
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