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Schwartz, Birgitta
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Schwartz, B. & Tilling, K. (2023). Making evidence-based practice actionable in the social service context: experiences and implications of workplace education. Journal of Workplace Learning, 35(9), 311-328
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making evidence-based practice actionable in the social service context: experiences and implications of workplace education
2023 (English)In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 35, no 9, p. 311-328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - Research and experience show that evidence-based practice (EBP), i.e. using the best available knowledge in daily professional work, is difficult to achieve in social services. The purpose of this study is to understand the development of organizational EBP learning processes in daily work through workplace education for staff and managers of supported homes for people with cognitive disabilities. The authors examine how the EBP model and new knowledge are understood and made actionable in the workplace, applying theories of organizational learning.

Design/methodology/approach - The authors used empirical material collected from an EBP workplace education pilot in Sweden, as well as documents on national EBP implementation in Swedish social services. Before the pilot, a focus group interview was conducted with regional senior managers. Participating managers and staff were individually interviewed two to three years after the pilot.

Findings - The study illustrates how knowledge-based action emerged from education where EBP was interpreted, understood, reflected on, and tested, supported by codified EBP tools in the work context. The participants, when supervised, and when observing and questioning their own behaviors in practice, contributed to double-loop learning (DLL) processes. Codification of EBP knowledge into useful tools and socialization processes during education and workplace meetings was crucial in developing individual and group DLL and knowledge-based actions.

Originality/value - The bottom-up approach to EBP development and the adaptive contextual learning at the workplace gave new insights into organizational learning in social service workplaces.

Keywords
Organizational learning, Workplace education, Evidence-based practice, Social services, Double-loop learning, Professionalization, Actionable knowledge, Socialization, Codification
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-225093 (URN)10.1108/JWL-12-2022-0168 (DOI)001115749800001 ()2-s2.0-85179308532 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Lindbergh, J., Berglund, K. & Schwartz, B. (2022). Alternative entrepreneurship: Tracing the creative destruction of entrepreneurship. In: Matthew M. Mars; Hope Jensen Schau (Ed.), How Alternative is Alternative? The Role of Entrepreneurial Development, Form, and Function in the Emergence of Alternative Marketscapes: . Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alternative entrepreneurship: Tracing the creative destruction of entrepreneurship
2022 (English)In: How Alternative is Alternative? The Role of Entrepreneurial Development, Form, and Function in the Emergence of Alternative Marketscapes / [ed] Matthew M. Mars; Hope Jensen Schau, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurship is by many recognized as a solution to environmental and social challenges of today’s society. However, it has also been criticized since it may maintain the capitalistic demands of growth and efficiency in an unsustainable way. In this paper we like to challenge the current conception of entrepreneurship that aim for societal change by tracing what, how, where and with whom such entrepreneurship is performed. Further, we take inspiration from the idea of diverse economy by Gibson-Graham and introduce the concept of alternative entrepreneurship to explore how it takes shape, change its contours and both challenges and propels contemporary capitalism. In this chapter we present three ethnographic cases unfolding diverse entrepreneurial activities: 1) the case of Oria, who contributes to social justice through fair trade; 2) the case of artisan food producers who contribute to biological diversity and a rural livelihood; and 3) the case of the DiE project//NEEM NGO, that contributes to social inclusion through entrepreneurial empowerment and the development of a micro credit program. We find that the alternative entrepreneurs are not constrained by organizational forms or by a limited number of economic and non-economic activities as to target societal challenges. The alternative entrepreneurs move between different organizational forms such as non-profit and for profit, as well as, undertaking business and voluntary practices to achieve societal change. Finally, we conclude that the ethnographic tracing of alternative entrepreneurship, allowing previously unsighted activities become visible, also creatively destroy the overly-narrow conception of entrepreneurship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022
Series
Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth, ISSN 1048-4736, E-ISSN 1875-5178 ; 29
Keywords
Alternative entrepreneurship, Creative destruction, Diverse economy, Societal change, Thick descriptions, Ethnographic case studies
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-202517 (URN)9781800717749 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-03-02 Created: 2022-03-02 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Jessica, L. & Schwartz, B. (2021). The paradox of being a food artisan entrepreneur: responding to conflicting institutional logics. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 28(2), 149-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The paradox of being a food artisan entrepreneur: responding to conflicting institutional logics
2021 (English)In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 149-166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The aim of this study is to understand how artisanal food entrepreneurs acting as businesses,which are grounded in the logic of profit and growth, navigate the anti-growth constraints of artisanal logic.The study answers the research question of, how and when do the artisanal entrepreneurs respond to tensionsbetween the small-scale craftsmanship logic and the business growth logic?

Design/methodology/approach – This study consists of two cases of artisanal food entrepreneurs situatedin rural regions of Sweden. The empirical material is collected through interviews, observations and secondarysources. The analysis consists of two steps: a narrative analysis and a categorization of institutional logicsusing Pache and Santos (2013) framework.

Findings – Our findings show that the artisanal food entrepreneurs used several types of response to thetensions between the two institutional logics. As businesses grew, business growth logic increasinglypenetrated the companies’ operations. They responded by combining and blending the two logics and avoidedgrowing too large themselves by collaborating with suppliers and local farmers. In addition, other activitiesneeded to be compartmentalized and hidden since these activities could threaten their business images andtheir own criteria for small-scale food artisans.

Originality/value – Much work on how different institutional logics affect businesses have been on astructural level. This study answers the call on that more research is needed on an individual level by studyinghow individuals interpret logics and use them in their business activities

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021
Keywords
Institutional logics, Artisanal food entrepreneurs, Business growth logic, Hidden logic, Small-scale craftsmanship
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-185498 (URN)10.1108/JSBED-08-2019-0288 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-09-23 Created: 2020-09-23 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Schwartz, B. (2020). The animal welfare battle: the production of affected ignorance in the Swedish meat industry debate. Culture and Organization, 26(1), 75-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The animal welfare battle: the production of affected ignorance in the Swedish meat industry debate
2020 (English)In: Culture and Organization, ISSN 1475-9551, E-ISSN 1477-2760, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 75-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish animal welfare debate has for years focused on the meat industry, which sees animals not as sentient creatures but as production factors and commodities to be economically exploited. Although animal rights organizations have tried to change the meat industry and consumer behaviour, meat consumption is increasing. This could be explained as ‘affected ignorance’ generated by what one already knows but does not want to hear about. This paper discusses how various actors, such as meat industry companies, food retailers, and social movement organizations, frame animal welfare in the media debate with the use of discourses, which are important for producing or discouraging affected ignorance. The paper examines a discursive battle in which actors draw on various discourses over time but also hijack opponents’ discourses. This use of discourses seems to blur the debate and confuse people and they will continue to eat meat from factory-farmed animals.

Keywords
Animal rights, animal welfare, affected ignorance, discourse, social movement organisations, framing contest, meat industry
National Category
Business Administration Other Agricultural Sciences
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160864 (URN)10.1080/14759551.2018.1513937 (DOI)000497444100006 ()
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Schwartz, B., Berglund, K. & Lindbergh, J. (2018). Alternative entrepreneurship: emergence of entrepreneurial forms aiming at a more resilient society. In: : . Paper presented at 7th Latin American and European Meeting on Organization Studies: "Organizing for Resilience: Scholarship in Unsettled Times", Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 22-24, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alternative entrepreneurship: emergence of entrepreneurial forms aiming at a more resilient society
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurship nowadays take on new and alternative guises in society; often with the ambition to make the world more resilient in one way or another. We take an interest in this expansion of alternative entrepreneurshipand ask how we can trace the different alternative grassroots forms of entrepreneurship that are initiated for the betterment of society in the Swedish society. 

In this paper we will draw upon three ethnographic cases that are alternative in the sense that a typical prefix is added to describe what they do (solidary, preservative, bridging) and that they seek to turn something (a mission, setting or activity) more entrepreneurial. Further we will develop descriptions of the three cases and engage in an analysis of alternative entrepreneurship by posing the following questions: 

  • What is alternative in these cases? 
  • How do these forms of entrepreneurship respond to shortcomings in conventional entrepreneurship? 
  • What kind of resilience can be discerned?
  • What alternative form does this take? 
  • How is resilience organized?
  • What is the common denominator for these cases?
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160869 (URN)
Conference
7th Latin American and European Meeting on Organization Studies: "Organizing for Resilience: Scholarship in Unsettled Times", Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 22-24, 2018
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Lindbergh, J. & Schwartz, B. (2018). Entrepreneurship in societal change: students as reflecting entrepreneurs?. In: Karin Berglund; Karen Verduijn (Ed.), Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom (pp. 43-61). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship in societal change: students as reflecting entrepreneurs?
2018 (English)In: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund; Karen Verduijn, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 43-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The focus on entrepreneurship has been seen as a positive economic activity (Tedmanson, Verduijn, Essers & Gartner, 2012), not only bringing about innovations in the business and at the market but also as a way to develop societies (e.g. Berglund, Johannisson & Schwartz, 2012). However, entrepreneurship education in business schools is still mainly related to more conventional forms of entrepreneurship, with a focus on starting a company based on the innovation of a new product or service (Fiet, 2000; Gartner & Vesper, 1994; Gorman, Hanlon & King, 1997; Henry, Hill & Leitch, 2005). Accordingly, students learn how to start a company, find a customer demand and make their company profitable and successful on the market. Not on our course. We aim to give the students a broader awareness of the societal issues that today’s society is facing, frequently caused by the traditional economical reasoning, such as growth and more efficient production processes. The issues that are targeted are pollution, poor working conditions and overconsumption, but also other societal issues more related to integration, and mental health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Series
Routledge Rethinking Entrepreneurship Research ; 4
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, societal change, societal entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial learning, learning
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160866 (URN)10.4324/9781315447599-3 (DOI)978-1-138-21379-1 (ISBN)978-1-315-44760-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2023-03-03Bibliographically approved
Schwartz, B. & Tilling, K. (2017). Evidence-based practice implementation in Swedish social service organizations: Challenges in translating the EBP-model in local organizational contexts. In: : . Paper presented at 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Nordic Opportunities, Bodö, Norway, August 23-25, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evidence-based practice implementation in Swedish social service organizations: Challenges in translating the EBP-model in local organizational contexts
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since 2010 a large-scale project on implementing Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) in the social services has been governed by the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in partnership with The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR). The overall idea of the partnership is to support implementation of EBP in the social services (i.e. elderly care, support and care of the disabled and, child, family and individual social support) via regional supportive structures for local knowledge development. The evidence based model is used as the guiding idea of this national initiative initially adapted and translated from the ideas of evidence based medicine and built upon the triangular model of knowledge sources; A. best available knowledge from research or best practice B. the individual service users’ needs and aims and C. the actual individual situation and contextual factors. All together these three sources should make up the professional knowledge base used by the social service worker. 

Implementing the general idea of EBP according to the triangular model of knowledge sources is in this paper seen as chains of translations (Czarniawska and Sevón, 1996; Sahlin and Wedlin, 2008) but also as technologies of government (Miller and Rose, 2008). What happens when the EBP-model meets the reality and context of every-day life of the social worker? Which challenges for developing more knowledge based ways of working are experienced in the local social service organizations? 

The empirical material is based on focus group interviews with social care managers in the county of Västmanland in Sweden in late 2014 on main challenges in implementing knowledge based ways of working in social services. Findings indicate the pre-understanding of EBP being scaring, complicated and scarcely accessible for real work situations, especially in the care of elderly or disabled persons. 

Keywords
Evidence-based practice, social service work, translation, institutional logics
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160870 (URN)
Conference
24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Nordic Opportunities, Bodö, Norway, August 23-25, 2017
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Lindbergh, J. & Schwartz, B. (2016). Community Development and Small-Scale Food Production: Multifaceted Demands on Rural Entrepreneurs. In: Paulina Rytkönen, Ursula Hård (Ed.), Challenges for the new rurality in a changing world: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Loclized Agri-Food Systems, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden, 8-10 May 2016 (pp. 21-22). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community Development and Small-Scale Food Production: Multifaceted Demands on Rural Entrepreneurs
2016 (English)In: Challenges for the new rurality in a changing world: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Ursula Hård, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 21-22Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we investigate how small- scale food producers handle the tension between small-scale craftsmanship production and the traditional business growth logic. We use qualitative case method and investigate two farms. Our result shows that growth occurs more in forms of collaborations rather than within an organization. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016
Series
COMREC Studies in Environment and Development, ISSN 1652-2877 ; 12
Keywords
entrepreneurship, community development, small-scale food production, collaboration, growth.
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139921 (URN)978-91-980607-1-3 (ISBN)
Conference
7th International Conference on Loclized Agri-Food Systems, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden, 8-10 May 2016
Available from: 2017-02-20 Created: 2017-02-20 Last updated: 2022-02-21Bibliographically approved
Söderbäck, M., Schwartz, B. & Matsinhe, C. (2016). Högskola och civilsamhälle i samverkan: Svenska studenters fältstudier Moçambique. In: Inger K. Holmström, Jonas Stier, Per Tillgren, Gunnel Östlund (Ed.), Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd (pp. 155-164). Lund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Högskola och civilsamhälle i samverkan: Svenska studenters fältstudier Moçambique
2016 (Swedish)In: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: inom området hälsa och välfärd / [ed] Inger K. Holmström, Jonas Stier, Per Tillgren, Gunnel Östlund, Lund, 2016, p. 155-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

För en hållbar utveckling inom hälso- och välfärdsområdet är samverkan med det civila samhället och dess aktörer värdefulla och nödvändiga. Det här kapitlet handlar om samverkan, kunskapsutbyte och ömsesidigt lärande, mellan högskola och det civila samhället i ett låginkomstland. Projektet har även ett globalt perspektiv med fokus på internationell förståelse som berör samverkan och samproduktion mellan institutioner, kollegor och studenter vid Mälardalens högskola (MDH), Västerås stift inom Svenska kyrkan, Svenska missionsrådet samt Libombo stift inom den anglikanska kyrkan i Moçambique. Kunskapsutveckling genom samverkan med det civila samhället och ideella verksamheter har en lång historia i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: , 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139922 (URN)978-91-44-11482-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-02-20 Created: 2017-02-20 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Lindbergh, J. & Schwartz, B. (2016). The creation of preservative entrepreneurship: multifaceted demands on rural entrepreneurs. In: : . Paper presented at 6th Latin American and European Meeting on Organization Studies, Viña del Mar, Chile, April 6-9, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The creation of preservative entrepreneurship: multifaceted demands on rural entrepreneurs
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140481 (URN)
Conference
6th Latin American and European Meeting on Organization Studies, Viña del Mar, Chile, April 6-9, 2016
Available from: 2017-03-08 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2022-02-21Bibliographically approved
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