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Allern, Sigurd
Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Pollack, E., Allern, S., Blach-Ørsten, M. & Kantola, A. (2021). Development trends and challenges in Nordic political journalism. In: Eli Skogerbø; Øyvind Ihlen; Nete Nørgaard Kristensen; Lars Nord (Ed.), Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries: (pp. 135-154). Göteborg: Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development trends and challenges in Nordic political journalism
2021 (English)In: Power, Communication, and Politics in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Eli Skogerbø; Øyvind Ihlen; Nete Nørgaard Kristensen; Lars Nord, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2021, p. 135-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss some important political journalism development trends in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The term political journalism traditionally refers to news, commentaries, and other genres related to the coverage of political processes, institutions, and policy questions. It is, however, difficult to draw a clear dividing line between political news and other types of current affairs coverage. While political logic once dominated the discourses of political journalism, the emergence of the news media as an independent institution gave journalists a substantial definitional power and an ability to define the communicative rules of the game, but professional political sources quickly learned to exploit news media logics for their own aims and objectives. During the last decade, the growth of social media networks and the relative weakening of the legacy media has created a less stable situation for the negotiation of control between journalists and their sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordicom, 2021
Keywords
political journalism, news regimes, policy professionals, sacerdotal traditions, communicative rules
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-189405 (URN)10.48335/9789188855299-7 (DOI)978-91-88855-28-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-01-21 Created: 2021-01-21 Last updated: 2023-10-20Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2019). Journalism as a public good: A Scandinavian perspective. Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, 20(11), 1423-1439
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalism as a public good: A Scandinavian perspective
2019 (English)In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 20, no 11, p. 1423-1439Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The democratic importance of journalism is related to public good aspects of media products, as well as news media’s positive externalities. Journalism of high quality helps ensure we are all better informed and thus benefits democracy. Lack of investigative journalism may incur large social costs. However, journalism as a public good is difficult to fund on a commercial basis. Historically, an economic solution for media companies has been advertising subsidies, plus different types of public and private support. Today, the long-time marriage between news organisations and advertisers is severely weakened, and nothing so far suggests that digital revenues alone can finance a varied, broad and original news production. In the eyes of capitalist investors, news organisations represent the past, not the future. This article discusses, on the basis of Scandinavian media experiences and recent policy reforms, the necessity of a media policy and a funding system that acknowledges quality journalism as societal knowledge production and a public good.

Keywords
Advertising, externalities, journalism, market failure, media policy, public good, Scandinavia
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156982 (URN)10.1177/1464884917730945 (DOI)000494687500001 ()
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2019). Källkritik! Journalistik i lögnens tid. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Källkritik! Journalistik i lögnens tid
2019 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den digitala revolutionen har under några decennier gjort att tillgången på informationskällor har ökat dramatiskt. Samtidigt har det inneburit mångdubblade möjligheter för felinformation och desinformation, för falska nyheter och för spridning av myter och propaganda. Gränslinjen mellan sanning och lögn har blivit svårare att dra. Utvecklingen är en utmaning för journalistikens informationskvalitet och nyhetsmediernas roll som informationskälla, granskare och forum för samhällsdebatt.

I den här boken diskuteras källkritikens villkor, principer och betydelse i en tid där desinformation och lögn sprids minst lika snabbt som sanna påståenden. Bokens normativa utgångspunkt är kravet om sannfärdighet och verklighetsförankring i nyhetsmediernas rapportering. Källkritikens begrepp och praxis diskuteras först och främst i förhållande till journalistikens utmaningar, men de generella problemställningarna är också relevanta för andra ämnesområden där kunskap är beroende av trovärdiga källor och kvalitetsgranskat källmaterial. Eftersom medier av olika slag är centrala för kommunikation och kunskapsförmedling i vår samtid, är källkritisk medvetenhet av generell betydelse för alla samhällsmedborgare. Källkritik! Journalistik i lögnens tid är ett bidrag till en mer kvalificerad diskussion på området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019. p. 346
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177051 (URN)978-91-44-12676-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2019). New Nordic Noir: Political Scandals as Drama and Media Hunts. In: Howard Tumber, Silvio Waisbord (Ed.), The Routledge Companion to Media and Scandal: (pp. 129-137). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Nordic Noir: Political Scandals as Drama and Media Hunts
2019 (English)In: The Routledge Companion to Media and Scandal / [ed] Howard Tumber, Silvio Waisbord, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 129-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on the basis of Nordic research, present data about the incidence, types and consequences of scandals in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden as well as discuss the political and societal effects of scandal journalism. It discusses the way in which mediated political scandals are launched, dramatized and interpreted. For Nordic news media, information on norm violations that can be reported, staged and dramatized as a political scandal is a competitive resource and a strategic, market-related investment in terms of reputation and audience interest. In practice, professional standards in Nordic scandal journalism vary considerably. The most typical Nordic “sex scandals” are accusations of rape or sexual harassment, buying sexual services from prostitutes or intercourse with minors, actions prohibited by law. Several factors may have influenced the increased importance of scandals in Nordic countries after the millennium. The liberalization and deregulation of the public sector in all Nordic countries has created opportunities for more private competition, but it has also increased the importance of lobbyism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Political scandals, Nordic countries, drama, media hunt, democracy
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-184271 (URN)10.4324/9781351173001-13 (DOI)9781351173001 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-08-23 Created: 2020-08-23 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2018). Svängdörrarnas förlovade land: Lobbyismens betydelse för klassamhällets eliter. Stockholm: Katalys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Svängdörrarnas förlovade land: Lobbyismens betydelse för klassamhällets eliter
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I den här texten diskuteras några av de demokratiproblem som är knutna till en samhällsutveckling där privat, kommersialiserad lobbying spelar en växande politisk roll och där politiskt tillitskapital kan utnyttjats kommersiellt.

Först definieras och diskuteras begreppet lobbyism, därefter dryftas den ekonomiska och politiska bakgrunden till PR-branschens framväxt. Sedan går vi mer konkret in på politiska karriärer i ”svängdörrarnas rike” och ger exempel på politisk påtryckarmakt. Efter det för vi en diskussion om vilken typ av kompetens som är till salu på denna konsultmarknad.

I slutavsnittet pekar vi på behovet av ökad öppenhet och hårdare reglering av ett politiskt system där politiskt förtroendekapital i rask takt förvandlas till en ordinär vara på marknaden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Katalys, 2018. p. 35
Series
Katalys ; 46
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157002 (URN)
Projects
Klass i Sverige
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Pollack, E. & Allern, S. (2016). Journalistik som kollektiv nytta. In: Oscar Westlund (Ed.), Människorna, medierna & marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring (pp. 31-51). Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalistik som kollektiv nytta
2016 (Swedish)In: Människorna, medierna & marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016
Series
Statens offentliga utredningar, ISSN 0375-250X ; 2016:30
Keywords
mediepolitik, demokrati, kollektiva nyttigheter, positiva och negativa externaliteter, artificiellt knappa varor
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129392 (URN)978-91-38-24433-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2016). Nordic political scandals – Frequency, types and consequences. In: Mark Ludwig, Thomas Schierl, Christian von Sikorski (Ed.), Mediated Scandals: Gründe, Genese und Folgeeffekte von Medialer Skandalberichterstattung (pp. 146-164). Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordic political scandals – Frequency, types and consequences
2016 (English)In: Mediated Scandals: Gründe, Genese und Folgeeffekte von Medialer Skandalberichterstattung / [ed] Mark Ludwig, Thomas Schierl, Christian von Sikorski, Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag, 2016, p. 146-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Investigating powerful institutions and public figures plays an important part in the professional ideology of journalism. Exposing circumstances that create scandals help news organisations strengthen their legitimacy, and sometimes result in journalistic awards.  In certain contexts journalistic investigations provide us with new knowledge about goings on in the hidden corridors of power, insights that can strengthen open, democratic debates. A society without any revelations that voters interpret as scandalous may be symptomatic of authoritarian control and a lack of press freedom. According to the sociologist Jeffrey Alexander (1988), journalists are taking in the responsibility of restoring the moral order of society.

It would, however, be naïve to interpret any mediated scandal as strengthening democratic processes. Sometimes scandal reports reveal transgressions of norms that from a political point of view are quite trivial and after some time are easily forgotten by the public. The distinction between the important and the irrelevant may then be blurred. Democratic values are not necessarily enhanced when elected leaders, after days or weeks of media hunts, are pressed to resign before those who have elected them have a chance to influence the outcome. Neither do unilateral media campaigns that include tendencies of demonization create an ideal climate for reasoning and public debate.

For a long time the Nordic region was regarded a scandal-free zone compared with other parts of Western Europe and the US. Commenting well-known political corruption cases in Western Germany in the 1980s, John Logue (1988: 261), for example, added that the Scandinavian labour movements and governments “are virtually free of such embarrassments”. Nobody would award such a political and moral certificate today.

An analysis of national, political scandals in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland covering the period 1980 – 2009, confirms that political scandals have gradually become a more regular feature in news media coverage, but with a low increase throughout the first two decades. The significant increase comes in 2000-2009, with a level nearly three times higher than in the first two decades (Allern, Kantola, Pollack & Blach-Ørsten, 2012).  In this article we will present some of the results from this Nordic study and compare them with a new analysis of national political scandals in two of the countries, Sweden and Norway, in the following five years (2010-2014). Three questions will be addressed: Is there still an increased incidence of mediated scandals over time? In a societal context, how important are the norm violations? What have been the consequences for scandalized politicians?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag, 2016
Keywords
Nordic political scandals, Sweden and Norway 2010-2014, increased frequency, differents types of scandals, personal behaviour, consequences
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129391 (URN)9783869622033 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. & Pollack, E. (2016). Swedish Advocacy Think Tanks as News Sources and Agenda-Setters. Tidsskriftet Politik, 19(1), 61-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Advocacy Think Tanks as News Sources and Agenda-Setters
2016 (English)In: Tidsskriftet Politik, ISSN 1604-0058, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The topic of this paper is the media visibility of Swedish advocacy think tanks, as measured by references to these think tanks in leading Swedish print newspapers. Advocacy think tanks are, in contrast with more research-oriented think tanks, characterised by their outspoken ideological and political agenda. In public debates, they often have a partisan role. Four research questions will be answered: How often are these advocacy think tanks referred to in the news? How important are they as commentators and opinion-makers? How are they presented as sources in the news? What is the relative strength of market-liberal and right-wing think tanks versus red/green think tanks, in terms of media representation and agenda-setting?

The selection criteria, type of newspapers, and time period used in this study of Swedish advocacy think tanks have been coordinated with parallel, national think tank studies by media researchers in Denmark, Norway, and Finland. Several changes in the think tank landscape took place after the turn of the millennium, which motivated us to select two full newspaper years, 2006 and 2013, to better cover these developments. To gain a deeper understanding of the think tanks’ backgrounds, their cooperation with other think tanks, and their media strategies, we conducted background interviews with representatives from four advocacy think tanks. We met with Karin Svanborg-Sjövall, CEO of Timbro; Boa Ruthström, CEO of Arena Idé, and Maja Dahl, communication manager of Arena Idé; Mattias Goldmann, CEO of Fores; and Daniel Suhonen, the leader of Katalys.

Keywords
Swedish advocacy think-tank, media visibility, agenda-setters
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129390 (URN)10.7146/politik.v19i1.27395 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2022-03-22Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. (2015). Journalistikk og kildekritisk analyse. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalistikk og kildekritisk analyse
2015 (Norwegian)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2015. p. 277
Keywords
journalistik, källor, etik, källkritik, journalistikk, kilder, etikk, kildekritikk
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126125 (URN)978-82-02-40581-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Allern, S. (2015). PR-byråene og politikken. In: Øyvind Ihlen, Eli Skogerbø & Sigurd Allern (Ed.), Makt, medier og politikk: Norsk politisk kommunikasjon (pp. 118-130). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PR-byråene og politikken
2015 (Norwegian)In: Makt, medier og politikk: Norsk politisk kommunikasjon / [ed] Øyvind Ihlen, Eli Skogerbø & Sigurd Allern, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2015, p. 118-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2015
Keywords
Journalistikk, politikk, PR, lobbying
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Journalism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126129 (URN)978-82-15-02458-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
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