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Miestamo, M. (2017). Negation. In: Akexandra Y. Aikhenvald; R. M. W. Dixon (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of linguistic typology: (pp. 405-439). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negation
2017 (English)In: The Cambridge handbook of linguistic typology / [ed] Akexandra Y. Aikhenvald; R. M. W. Dixon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 405-439Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017
Series
Cambridge Handbooks in Language and Linguistics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148144 (URN)10.1017/9781316135716.013 (DOI)978-1-107-09195-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2023-03-10Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M. (2017). Skolt Saami Documentation Corpus (SSDC-2016).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolt Saami Documentation Corpus (SSDC-2016)
2017 (Sami languages (Other))Other (Other academic)
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148145 (URN)
Note

The corpus consists of Skolt Saami recordings made at the Institute for the Languages of Finland and annotated in the Skolt Saami documentation project directed by Matti Miestamo at the University of Helsinki (Department of Modern Languages: General Linguistics). The annotations include a transcription and a translation into Finnish, and for a large part of the recordings also a translation into English, morphemic glossing and parts-of-speech analysis. The material has been annotated in ELAN, where the soundtrack and analysis have been combined and time-synchronized. Project director: Matti Miestamo.

The corpus is available in the Language Bank of Finland via LAT (http://hdl.handle.net/11113/00-0000-0000-0000-32A7-7@view). It will be published also via Korp, https://korp.csc.fi/

Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Koptjevskaja Tamm, M. & Miestamo, M. (2015). Antonyms and derivational negation: a pilot study of cross-linguistic variation. In: ALT 2015: 11th Conference of the Association for Linguistic Typology. August 1-3, 2015, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Abstract Booklet. Paper presented at 11th Conference of the Association for Linguistic Typology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, August 1-3, 2015 (pp. 85-86). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antonyms and derivational negation: a pilot study of cross-linguistic variation
2015 (English)In: ALT 2015: 11th Conference of the Association for Linguistic Typology. August 1-3, 2015, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Abstract Booklet, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico , 2015, p. 85-86Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Typological research on negation has mainly focused on clausal negation and on indefinite pronouns in the scope of negation (see Miestamo 2007 for an overview). Derivational affixes expressing negation (e.g., un- in unhappy or -less in powerless), have so far not figured in systematic typological studies. Zimmer's (1964) seminal study of affixal negation with adjectives is mainly restricted to a few well-known Indo-European languages; other families are given less attention. Semantically, derivational negation is closely connected to antonymy, which can be expressed by unrelated lexemes (lexical antonyms: small vs. big) or by means of overt derivational negation (morphological antonyms: happy vs. unhappy). Lexical and morphological antonymy do not necessarily exclude each other. E.g., Russian has regular triads of the kind bol’šoj ‘big’ – malen’kij ‘little’ – nebol’šoj ‘NEG.big’, and even tetrads, such as dobryj ‘kind’ – zloj ‘mean’ – nedobryj ‘NEG.kind’ – nezloj ‘NEG.mean’. Antonymy has been a popular topic in semantic theories and in logic (see Horn 2001). A central distinction is the one between contradictory vs. contrary opposites; the former are either–or (dead vs. alive), whereas the latter show a middle ground between the two poles (small vs. big). It has been suggested that languages have “canonical antonyms”, i.e. “a limited core of highly opposable couplings” (speed: slow/fast, luminosity: dark/light, strength: weak/strong, size small/large, width: narrow/wide, merit bad/good and thickness thin/thick) (Paradis & al. 2009). However, systematic typological studies of antonymy are lacking. This talk presents a cross-linguistic pilot study of antonymy and its expression by both lexical and overt morphological means. Our pilot sample includes 20 languages from different families and geographical areas. The data come from dictionaries and grammars as well as from a questionnaire sent to language experts. We focus on antonymy in property words (adjectives), more specifically in such forms that can be used as adnominal modifiers, with the goal to find correlations between semantic and formal properties of antonyms. From the formal point of view, we will pay attention to the type of marking (e.g., prefix vs. suffix), to the number of different derivational negators in a language, whether these markers can be used on other word classes than property words and how they are related to other negative markers in the language, primarily to clausal negation. Taking in semantics, we will observe what types of opposition (contrary vs. contradictory, scalar vs. non-scalar etc.) and which domains (evaluation, size, dimension, temperature etc.) are expressed by lexical antonyms vs. each attested type of overt morphological marking. Specific hypotheses to be tested against the cross-linguistic data include the following. Evaluatively positive members of an antonym pair are more likely to accept morphological negation (unclever vs. *unstupid). The existence of a lexical antonym may block the possibility of morphological marking and if triads (or tetrads) exist, there will be cross-linguistically recurring ways in which the meanings of the lexical vs. morphological antonyms are related to each other. Morphological antonyms built with elements similar to clausal negators in the language will tend to involve contradictory rather than contrary opposites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 2015
Keywords
antonymy, negation, derivation, typology
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-128126 (URN)
Conference
11th Conference of the Association for Linguistic Typology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, August 1-3, 2015
Available from: 2016-03-19 Created: 2016-03-19 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Koptjevskaja Tamm, M. & Miestamo, M. (2015). Antonyms and word-level negation. In: Abstracts: . Paper presented at Diversity Linguistics: Retrospect and Prospect, Leipzig, Germany, May 1-3, 2015 (pp. 74-74).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antonyms and word-level negation
2015 (English)In: Abstracts, 2015, p. 74-74Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Typological research on negation has focused most prominently on standard negation, i.e. the basic negation strategies in declarative clauses, and some work has also been done on other aspects of clausal negation as well as on indefinite pronouns in the scope of negation. Negation at the level of words, i.e., derivational affixes expressing negation as well as case markers with negative semantics, has so far not figured in systematic typological studies, but it has received some attention in theoretical literature on semantics and morphology. Zimmer (1964) discusses “affixal” negation primarily in English and a couple of other Indo-European languages, but also comments on a few non-­Indo‐European languages and even suggests some cross‐linguistic generalizations. Subsequent work (e.g., Horn 1989) is similarly restricted in its cross‐linguistic scope. From the semantic point of view, the issue of word­‐level negation is closely connected to antonymy. Antonymy and types of opposition have been a popular topic in semantic theories (see Horn 1989), where the central distinction is between contrary and contradictory opposites. The two types differ as to whether they allow a third possibility in-­between: contradictory opposites are either–or (dead vs. alive), whereas in contrary opposites there is a middle ground between the two poles (small vs. big). Linguistically, antonyms can be expressed by unrelated lexemes (lexical antonyms) like the examples cited above, or by means of overt negation (happy vs. unhappy, possible vs. impossible). Lexical and morphological antonymy do not necessarily exclude each other. E.g., Russian has regular triads of the kind bol’šoj ‘big’ – malen’kij ‘little’ – nebol’šoj ‘NEG‐big’, and even tetrads, such as dobryj ‘kind’ – zloj ‘mean’ – nedobryj ‘NEG-­kind’ – nezloj ‘NEG-­mean’. Despite all the attention that antonymy has received from semanticists, work in a broader cross‐linguistic comparative perspective is lacking. This talk presents a pilot study of antonymy and its expression by both lexical and overt morphological means. We will focus on antonymy in property words (adjectives), more specifically in such forms that can be used as adnominal modifiers. Our main interest will be in finding correlations between semantic and formal properties of antonyms. From the formal point of view, we will pay attention to the type of marking (e.g., prefix vs. suffix), to the number of different word-­‐level negators in a language, whether these markers can be used on other word classes than property words and how they are related to other negative markers in the language. Taking in semantics, we will observe what types of opposition (contrary vs. contradictory, scalar vs. non-­‐scalar etc.)and which domains of property scales (evaluation, size, dimension, temperature etc.) are expressed by lexical antonyms vs. each attested type of overt morphological marking, i.e. whether the linguistic evidence allows us to classify antonyms into cross‐linguistically relevant types. Does the existence of a lexical antonym exclude the possibility of morphological marking? Do the markers exclude one another on the same lexical item? Are there semantic principles governing such blocking effects? Can triads and/or tetrads be found in addition to pairs? Our pilot sample includes 15 languages from different families and geographical areas. The data comes from dictionaries and grammars and, most importantly, from a questionnaire sent to language experts. As this is a pilot study of a domain previously unexplored in language typology, our main goal is to sketch different ways of approaching this intriguing domain from a broader cross-­linguistic perspective.

Keywords
antonymy, negation, derivation, typology
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-128128 (URN)
Conference
Diversity Linguistics: Retrospect and Prospect, Leipzig, Germany, May 1-3, 2015
Available from: 2016-03-19 Created: 2016-03-19 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M. (2015). Maailman kielellinen diversiteetti ja sen tutkimus. Virittäjä : Kotikielen Seuran aikakauslehti, 119(1), 104-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maailman kielellinen diversiteetti ja sen tutkimus
2015 (Finnish)In: Virittäjä : Kotikielen Seuran aikakauslehti, ISSN 0042-6806, E-ISSN 2242-8828, Vol. 119, no 1, p. 104-108Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Keywords
kielitypologia, kielten dokumentaatio, diversiteettilingvistiikka, kielten uhanalaisuus
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118991 (URN)
Available from: 2015-07-24 Created: 2015-07-24 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M. & Koponen, E. (2015). Negation in Skolt Saami. In: Miestamo, Matti; Tamm, Anne, Wagner-Nagy, Beáta (Ed.), Negation in Uralic languages: (pp. 353-376). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negation in Skolt Saami
2015 (English)In: Negation in Uralic languages / [ed] Miestamo, Matti; Tamm, Anne, Wagner-Nagy, Beáta, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015, p. 353-376Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter describes negation in Skolt Saami in a typological perspective. In the standard negation construction, the negative marker is a negative auxiliary verb and the lexical verb appears in a non-finite form. Negative imperatives employ a special form for the negative auxiliary. The copula used with non-verbal predicates is negated with standard negation, but a special contracted form may also appear. In dependent clauses, negation is expressed either by standard negation or using the verbal abessive. With negative indefinite pronouns, the negative auxiliary is present in the clause. There is an abessive case for nominals to express absence, and a privative suffix can derive adjectives. Other aspects of negation, such as negative replies, the scope of negation, and reinforcing negation are also addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015
Series
Typological Studies in Language ; 108
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118994 (URN)10.1075/tsl.108.13mie (DOI)9789027206893 (ISBN)9789027268648 (ISBN)
Note

Affiliering enligt förlagets hemsida.

Available from: 2015-07-24 Created: 2015-07-24 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M., Tamm, A. & Wagner-Nagy, B. (2015). Negation in Uralic Languages: Introduction. In: Miestamo, Matti; Tamm, Anne, Wagner-Nagy, Beáta (Ed.), Negation in Uralic Languages: (pp. 1-41). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negation in Uralic Languages: Introduction
2015 (English)In: Negation in Uralic Languages / [ed] Miestamo, Matti; Tamm, Anne, Wagner-Nagy, Beáta, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015, p. 1-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015
Series
Typological Studies in Language ; 108
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118993 (URN)10.1075/tsl.108.01int (DOI)9789027206893 (ISBN)9789027268648 (ISBN)
Note

Affiliering enligt förlagets hemsida

Available from: 2015-07-24 Created: 2015-07-24 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M. (2014). Partitives and negation: A cross-linguistic survey. In: Silvia Luraghi; Tuomas Huumo (Ed.), Partitive cases and related categories: (pp. 63-86). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partitives and negation: A cross-linguistic survey
2014 (English)In: Partitive cases and related categories / [ed] Silvia Luraghi; Tuomas Huumo, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2014, p. 63-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2014
Series
Empirical Approaches to Language Typology ; 54
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106818 (URN)10.1515/9783110346060.63 (DOI)9783110346060 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-08-21 Created: 2014-08-21 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Miestamo, M. (2013). Constructions and paradigms. In: : . Paper presented at Computing, learning, schematizing and typologizing constructions 11 april 2013. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructions and paradigms
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2013
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89112 (URN)
Conference
Computing, learning, schematizing and typologizing constructions 11 april 2013
Available from: 2013-04-11 Created: 2013-04-11 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Kolehmainen, L., Miestamo, M. & Nordlund, T. (2013). Johdanto: Kielten vertailu menetelmänä kieli- ja käännöstieteessä. In: Kolehmainen, Leena; Miestamo, Matti; Nordlund, Taru (Ed.), Kielten vertailun metodiikka: (pp. 7-23). Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Johdanto: Kielten vertailu menetelmänä kieli- ja käännöstieteessä
2013 (Finnish)In: Kielten vertailun metodiikka / [ed] Kolehmainen, Leena; Miestamo, Matti; Nordlund, Taru, Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, p. 7-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013
Series
Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran toimituksia, ISSN 0355-1768 ; 1387
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94752 (URN)978-952-222-456-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-10-10 Created: 2013-10-10 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9801-9030

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