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Näswall, Katharina
Publications (10 of 88) Show all publications
Låstad, L., Hellgren, J., Näswall, K., Richter, A. & Sverke, M. (2017). Do the Consequences of Job Insecurity Differ between Cultural and Welfare Contexts? Meta-Analytic Findings. In: : . Paper presented at European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP), Dublin, Ireland May 17-20, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do the Consequences of Job Insecurity Differ between Cultural and Welfare Contexts? Meta-Analytic Findings
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: A rapidly growing body of literature has shown that perceptions of job insecurity are related to negative outcomes, but less is known about the relative importance of different societal contexts. It has for instance been argued that the consequences of job insecurity may be more negative in countries that have a high level of social protection, because of the social stigma of unemployment. On the other hand, the lack of unemployment insurance programs may aggravate the negative consequences. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate if work- and health-related consequences of job insecurity vary between cultural and welfare contexts.

Design/Methodology: A literature search with the search terms “job insecurity”, “job uncertainty”, “job security”, and “job security satisfaction” in Psycinfo, Web of Science, and EBSCO produced a sample of 523 peer-reviewed papers published between 1980 and July 2016. Economic and social development, national welfare system, and tolerance for ambiguity were tested as moderators in the relationship between job insecurity and outcomes.

Results: The results indicate that the magnitudes of effects of job insecurity differ depending on the choice of classification system.

Limitations: The literature search was limited to published, peer-reviewed papers. This demarcation may have introduced a publication bias to the study.

Research/Practical implications: In addition to being an important individual and organizational concern, job insecurity is also intimately linked with societal level factors.

Originality/Value: This study contributes to an increased understanding of the importance of macro-level factors in the association between job insecurity and outcomes.

Keywords
job insecurity, employee stress, burnout, cultural context, welfare context
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143320 (URN)
Conference
European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP), Dublin, Ireland May 17-20, 2017
Available from: 2017-05-23 Created: 2017-05-23 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Falkenberg, H., Näswall, K., Lindfors, P. & Sverke, M. (2017). Working in the Same Sector, in the Same Organization and in the Same Occupation: Women and Men Physicians’ Work Climate and Health Complaints. In: : . Paper presented at European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland, May 17-20, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working in the Same Sector, in the Same Organization and in the Same Occupation: Women and Men Physicians’ Work Climate and Health Complaints
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study explores similarities and differences between women and men with similar working conditions (working within the same sector, in the same organization, and in the same occupation). Women and men were compared regarding 1) levels of psychological work climate and health complaints and 2) how the work climate related to health complaints.

Design/Methodology: Questionnaire data were collected from 95 women and 105 men physicians who worked in the same acute care hospital in Sweden in 2001.

Results: Results showed no gender differences in the job, role, leadership, or organizational characteristics. Women reported less workgroup cohesiveness and cooperation and more mental and physical health complaints than men. Role characteristics (overload/conflict/ambiguity) were related to more health complaints for both women and men. Workgroup cohesiveness and cooperation were related to less health complaints only for men.

Limitations: The study did not account for women and men often working as physicians in different specialties and/or may perform different work tasks. The non-work domain was not investigated.

Research/practical implications: This study indicates similarities between women and men when the work situation is similar, but suggests that some of the differences that appear in the larger structures of the gender-segregated labor market also seem to be present for women and men who work in the same sector, the same organization, and in the same occupation.

Originality: Previous research has underscored the problem of finding samples that are large enough to allow comparing women and men working under similar working conditions.

Keywords
health care, physicians, work environment, subjective health complaints
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147510 (URN)
Conference
European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Dublin, Ireland, May 17-20, 2017
Note

Part of Symposium 1615 - Job Demands And Job Resources As Related To Job Attitudes And Work-Related Health Outcomes Among Women And Men With Different Occupations.

This research formed part of  Stockholm Stress Center, a center for excellence supported by FORTE.

Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-10-02 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Låstad, L., Hellgren, J., Näswall, K., Richter, A. & Sverke, M. (2016). 30 års forskning om anställningsotrygghet: En litteraturöversikt. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 22(3/4), 8-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>30 års forskning om anställningsotrygghet: En litteraturöversikt
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2016 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 22, no 3/4, p. 8-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Anställningsotrygghet – en oro för att mot sin vilja förlora jobbet – är något som de flesta anställda idag upplever under sina yrkesliv. Den beteendevetenskapliga forskningen inom detta område har skjutit fart sedan millennieskiftet, vilket motiverar behovet av en uppdaterad litteraturöversikt. Översikten omfattar prediktorer och konsekvenser av anställningsotrygghet samt vilka faktorer som har identifierats som viktiga när det gäller att mildra anställningsotrygghetens konsekvenser.

Keywords
anställningsotrygghet, stress, arbetsliv
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-137008 (URN)
Note

Artikeln har skrivits inom ramen för det FORTE-finansierade projektet Upplevd otrygghet i anställningen: Determinanter, konsekvenser och skyddande faktorer (dnr. 2012-1228) och är ett samarbete inom den FORTE-finansierade centrumbildningen Stockholm Stress Center (dnr. 2009-1758).

Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Falkenberg, H., Näswall, K., Lindfors, P. & Sverke, M. (2016). Att arbeta i samma sektor, organisation och yrke: Likheter och skillnader i arbetsklimat och hälsobesvär bland kvinnor och män som arbetar som läkare. In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv: Book of Abstracts - FALF 2016. Paper presented at FALF 2016, Östersund, Sverige, juni 13-15, 2016 (pp. 23-23).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att arbeta i samma sektor, organisation och yrke: Likheter och skillnader i arbetsklimat och hälsobesvär bland kvinnor och män som arbetar som läkare
2016 (Swedish)In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv: Book of Abstracts - FALF 2016, 2016, p. 23-23Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Arbetsmarknaden i Sverige är könssegregerad. Det innebär att kvinnor och män i hög grad arbetar i olika sektorer och har olika yrken. Det gör att sektor och yrke behöver tas med när hälsoskillnader mellan kvinnor och män ska undersökas. Den här studien undersöker likheter och skillnader i arbetsklimat och hälsobesvär bland kvinnor och män som arbetar i samma sektor, i samma organisation och har samma yrke. Först jämförs arbetsklimat och hälsobesvär mellan kvinnor och män. Sedan undersöks sambanden mellan arbetsklimatet och hälsobesvär för kvinnor och män. Resultaten baseras på självrapporter i enkäter från 95 kvinnor och 105 män som arbetade som läkare på ett och samma akutsjukhus i Stockholm. Resultaten visade inga statistiskt säkerställda skillnader mellan kvinnor och män när det gällde upplevelser av arbetet, arbetsrollen, ledarskapet eller organisationen. Dock rapporterade kvinnorna att de upplevde sammanhållningen och samarbetet i arbetsgruppen som lägre än männen. Kvinnorna rapporterade också mer av både psykiska och fysiska hälsobesvär jämfört med männen. Både sammanhållning och samarbete i arbetsgruppen var relaterade till färre hälsobesvär, men bara för männen. Den här explorativa studien visar att det kan finnas likheter i arbetsklimatet bland kvinnor och män när arbetssituationen är likartad, men tyder också på att en del av de skillnader som finns i den segregerade arbetsmarknaden också tycks vara närvarande för kvinnor och män som arbetar i samma sektor, organisation och yrke.

Keywords
genus, läkare, arbetsmiljö, hälsobesvär
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-137892 (URN)
Conference
FALF 2016, Östersund, Sverige, juni 13-15, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Berntson, E., Bernhard-Oettel, C., Hellgren, J., Näswall, K. & Sverke, M. (2016). Enkätmetodik. Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enkätmetodik
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2016 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Enkätmetodik ger såväl teoretisk som praktisk kunskap om enkätundersökningar från att identifiera ett problem och formulera lämpliga frågor, till att analysera och tolka resultatet. Boken har ett evidensbaserat perspektiv där läsaren får lära sig olika verktyg som bidrar till undersökningens tillförlitlighet.

Fokus ligger på metodiken, som förklaras och sätts in i sitt sammanhang med hjälp av många exempel, faktarutor och tydliga beskrivningar. Läsaren får således god förståelse för centrala områden såsom mätteori, reliabilitet, validitet och faktoranalys.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2016. p. 309
Keywords
enkätmetodik, enkätundersökningar, mätteori, reliabilitet, validitet, faktoranalys
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134474 (URN)9789127137080 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-10-06 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Vander Elst, T., Näswall, K., Bernhard-Oettel, C., De Witte, H. & Sverke, M. (2016). The effect of job insecurity on employee health complaints: A within-person analysis of the explanatory role of threats to the manifest and latent benefits of work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 21(1), 65-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of job insecurity on employee health complaints: A within-person analysis of the explanatory role of threats to the manifest and latent benefits of work
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, E-ISSN 1939-1307, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 65-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study contributes to the literature on job insecurity by highlighting threat to the benefits of work as an explanation of the effect of job insecurity on health complaints. Building on the latent deprivation model, we predicted that threats to both manifest (i.e., financial income) and latent benefits of work (i.e., collective purpose, social contacts, status, time structure, activity) mediate the relationships from job insecurity to subsequent mental and physical health complaints. In addition, in line with the conservation of resources theory, we proposed that financial resources buffer the indirect effect of job insecurity on health complaints through threat to the manifest benefit. Hypotheses were tested using a multilevel design, in which 3 measurements (time lag of 6 months between subsequent measurements) were clustered within 1,994 employees (in Flanders, Belgium). This allowed for the investigation of within-person processes, while controlling for variance at the between-person level. The results demonstrate that job insecurity was related to subsequent threats to both manifest and latent benefits, and that these threats in turn were related to subsequent health complaints (with an exception for threat to the manifest benefit that did not predict mental health complaints). Three significant indirect effects were found: threat to the latent benefits mediated the relationships between job insecurity and both mental and physical health complaints, and threat to the manifest benefit mediated the relationship between job insecurity and physical health complaints. Unexpectedly, the latter indirect effect was exacerbated by financial resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2016
Keywords
job insecurity, latent deprivation model, financial resources, mental and physical health complaints, multilevel mediation analysis
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127614 (URN)10.1037/a0039140 (DOI)000368119800006 ()
Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Falkenberg, H., Näswall, K., Lindfors, P. & Sverke, M. (2016). Working in the same sector, organization and occupation: Similarities and differences in work climate and health complaints among women and men physicans. In: : . Paper presented at ProWorkNet annual workshop, Sigtuna, Sweden, August 31-September 1, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working in the same sector, organization and occupation: Similarities and differences in work climate and health complaints among women and men physicans
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish labor market is gender segregated. This means that gender differences in health can be confounded by factors associated with sector and occupation. Thus, sector and occupation need to be considered when comparing work environment and health between women and men. This study uses the theoretical model of psychological work climate that specifies the work environment in terms of five dimensions. These five dimensions are characteristics of the job, role, workgroup, leadership and organization. The aim of the present study was to explore similarities and differences between women and men who have similar working conditions (working in the same sector, in the same organization, and in the same occupation). Women and men were compared regarding 1) levels of work climate and health complaints and 2) how the work climate related to health complaints.

Keywords
gender, health care, health complaints, physicians, Sweden, work climate
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-137897 (URN)
Conference
ProWorkNet annual workshop, Sigtuna, Sweden, August 31-September 1, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Bernhard Oettel, C. & Näswall, K. (2015). Career continuance and transfer of competencies after job transitions: Insights from a Swedish study. In: Ans de Vos; Beatrice I.J.M. van der Heijden (Ed.), Handbook of research on sustainable careers: (pp. 381-397). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Career continuance and transfer of competencies after job transitions: Insights from a Swedish study
2015 (English)In: Handbook of research on sustainable careers / [ed] Ans de Vos; Beatrice I.J.M. van der Heijden, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 381-397Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Book information: What is a sustainable career and how can individuals and organizations develop pathways that lead to them? With current levels of global unemployment and the need for life-long learning and employability enhancement these questions assume a pressing significance. With twenty-eight chapters from leading scholars, the Handbook of Research on Sustainable Careers makes an important contribution to our understanding of sustainable careers and lays the foundation for the direction of future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
Keywords
career, competence transfer, job transitions
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121091 (URN)10.4337/9781782547037.00030 (DOI)2-s2.0-85020867900 (Scopus ID)9781782547020 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-09-22 Created: 2015-09-22 Last updated: 2022-11-18Bibliographically approved
Richter, A., Näswall, K., Lindfors, P. & Sverke, M. (2015). Job insecurity and work–family conflict in teachers in Sweden: Examining their relations with longitudinal cross-lagged modeling. PsyCh Journal, 4(2), 98-111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job insecurity and work–family conflict in teachers in Sweden: Examining their relations with longitudinal cross-lagged modeling
2015 (English)In: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0252, E-ISSN 2046-0260, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 98-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Job insecurity and work–family conflict are increasingly prevalent in contemporary working life and numerous studies have documented their antecedents and negative consequences. The present study used longitudinal questionnaire data collected among teachers in Sweden to test the direction of the relation between job insecurity and work–family conflict using cross-lagged modeling. Multiple-group comparisons were conducted to account for the skewed gender composition in the teachers’ group. After controlling for baseline levels of job insecurity, work–family conflict, and four potential confounders (age, children under 12 living at home, university education, and relationship status), we found that the reciprocal relationship between job insecurity and work–family conflict over a 1-year time period fitted the data best for the men. For women, however, only the auto regression coefficients were significant. The results provide some empirical support for gender differences in the relation between job insecurity and work–family conflict. Moreover, this study partially supports theoretical assumptions suggesting that job insecurity and work–family conflict influence each other.

Keywords
conservation of resources theory, gender composition, job insecurity, work–family conflict
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125174 (URN)10.1002/pchj.88 (DOI)000214612300006 ()
Available from: 2016-01-08 Created: 2016-01-08 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Låstad, L., Berntson, E., Näswall, K., Lindfors, P. & Sverke, M. (2015). Measuring quantitative and qualitative aspects of the job insecurity climate: Scale validation. Career Development International, 20(3), 202-217
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring quantitative and qualitative aspects of the job insecurity climate: Scale validation
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2015 (English)In: Career Development International, ISSN 1362-0436, E-ISSN 1758-6003, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 202-217Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a measure of job insecurity climate by: first, testing whether job insecurity climate and individual job insecurity are two separate constructs; and second, investigating the relative importance of individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate in predicting work-related and health-related outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected by questionnaires in a simple stratified random sample of 1,380 white-collar workers in Sweden. The response rate was 56 percent.

Findings – Confirmatory factor analyses showed that job insecurity climate was distinct from individual job insecurity. Four separate ridge regression analyses showed that qualitative job insecurity climate was a significant predictor of demands, work-family conflict, psychological distress, and poor self-rated health and that quantitative job insecurity climate predicted demands and work-family conflict.

Research limitations/implications – The study is based on self-reports, which may involve common method bias. The cross-sectional study design limits the possibility to make causal inferences regarding the relationship between job insecurity climate and outcomes.

Practical implications – Future studies may consider measuring job insecurity climate in line with a referent-shift model. Work environment surveys in organizations that include measures of individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate can provide practitioners with a fuller picture of the psychosocialwork environment.

Originality/value – The present study adds to previous research by introducing a new approach to measuring and conceptualizing job insecurity climate.

Keywords
Job insecurity climate, Psychological collective climate, Qualitative job insecurity, Quantitative job insecurity, Referent-shift, Scale validation
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118973 (URN)10.1108/CDI-03-2014-0047 (DOI)000356433400001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1758
Available from: 2015-07-22 Created: 2015-07-22 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
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