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Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Pietsch, T. W. & Aili, H. (2023). Peter Artedi's early observations of the spotted hyena and other exotic animals during a visit to London (1734–1735). Archives of Natural History, 50(2), 410-416
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peter Artedi's early observations of the spotted hyena and other exotic animals during a visit to London (1734–1735)
2023 (English)In: Archives of Natural History, ISSN 0260-9541, E-ISSN 1755-6260, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 410-416Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eye-witness accounts of a living “panther”, a leopard, two tigers and a hyena, appended to “Idea institutionum Trichozoologiae”, an unpublished manuscript on mammal classification by Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi (1705–1735), made during a visit to London sometime between early November 1734 and June 1735, are described. Interest is focused on his account of the hyena, which appears to have been the only modern source for Carl Linnaeus, who acknowledged Artedi in the first edition of Systema naturae. Evidence is provided to show that Artedi's account was accurate and original, having never had the opportunity to witness the animal previously.  

Keywords
Willem Bosman, Crocuta crocuta, Peter Kolbe, leopard, Carl Linnaeus, Thomas Pennant, Systema naturae, tiger
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-225759 (URN)10.3366/anh.2023.0869 (DOI)001111542900012 ()2-s2.0-85165239112 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-01-23 Created: 2024-01-23 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Pietsch, T. W. W. & Aili, H. (2023). Peter Artedi's 'Idea institutionum Trichozoologiae' and the classification of mammals. Journal of Natural History, 57(17-20), 1066-1079
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peter Artedi's 'Idea institutionum Trichozoologiae' and the classification of mammals
2023 (English)In: Journal of Natural History, ISSN 0022-2933, E-ISSN 1464-5262, Vol. 57, no 17-20, p. 1066-1079Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Among several manuscripts left behind by Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi following his untimely death in 1735 is an unfinished effort to classify the mammals, or the 'hairy animals', as Artedi called them. Titled 'Idea institutionum Trichozoologiae' ('An outline of the principles of the science of hairy animals'), it presents a four-tier hierarchy composed of orders, sections ('sectio'), genera and species, that foretells the work of Carl Linnaeus. An analysis of the impact that Artedi's account might have had on Linnaeus's treatment of the mammals in the various editions of his Systema naturae is presented. Results show that both authors owed much to the earlier work of English naturalist John Ray, with precedent going back to Aristotle.

Keywords
Anthropomorpha, Aristotle, Carl Linnaeus, Pehr Lofling, mammalogy, quadrupeds, John Ray, taxonomy, translation
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-230188 (URN)10.1080/00222933.2023.2231576 (DOI)001025149200001 ()2-s2.0-85165284464 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-06-04 Created: 2024-06-04 Last updated: 2024-06-04Bibliographically approved
Pietsch, T. W. & Aili, H. (2023). Peter Artedi's Manuscriptum ichthyologicum, a source for Albertus Seba's Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descriptio (1759). Archives of Natural History, 50(1), 118-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peter Artedi's Manuscriptum ichthyologicum, a source for Albertus Seba's Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descriptio (1759)
2023 (English)In: Archives of Natural History, ISSN 0260-9541, E-ISSN 1755-6260, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 118-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A mid-eighteenth-century copy of a manuscript containing taxonomic accounts of a collection of fishes from Ambon and Suriname, originally prepared by the Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi (1705-1735) for use in the third volume of Albertus Seba's Locupletissimus rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descriptio (1759), is described. Unknown to historians of natural history prior to 1941 when it was briefly introduced by zoologist Daniel Merriman (1908-1984) of Yale University, the origin and circuitous history of ownership of the manuscript is traced from Amsterdam to its recently discovered presence in the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. The manuscript is important because it holds the only known evidence as to what part of the published accounts in the Thesaurus belongs to Artedi and what part was altered by subsequent editors. The manuscript contains a large number of errors - often misspellings and grammatical inconsistencies, which are probably the result of careless reading on the part of the copyist - but a close examination shows that the factual contents of Artedi's text were not changed. Although embellished in various ways, what we see today in Seba's account is a faithful interpretation of Artedi's contribution.

Keywords
fishes, Richard Heber, Henry Philip Hope, ichthyology, Daniel Merriman, Sir Thomas Phillipps, Arnout Vosmaer, Edward Francis Wesley
National Category
History Zoology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-229921 (URN)10.3366/anh.2023.0832 (DOI)001004186200010 ()
Available from: 2024-05-30 Created: 2024-05-30 Last updated: 2024-05-30Bibliographically approved
Pietsch, T. W. & Aili, H. (2023). Sir John Hill (1714–1775) and “His” Classification of Fishes: An Example of Eighteenth-Century Plagiarism. Zootaxa, 5231(3), 289-301
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sir John Hill (1714–1775) and “His” Classification of Fishes: An Example of Eighteenth-Century Plagiarism
2023 (English)In: Zootaxa, ISSN 1175-5326, E-ISSN 1175-5334, Vol. 5231, no 3, p. 289-301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

John Hill (1714–1775), a brilliant man of many talents, was extremely productive, having produced more than a hundred books and pamphlets on a wide range of subjects, but despised by most contemporaries for his egotistical, argumentative, and provocative manner and for his slanderous writings that resulted in many heated disputes, among scientists and literati alike. Rejected in his attempts to join the Royal Society of London, he began a campaign of criticism and derision against the Society, its president, Martin Folkes (1690–1754), and the Philosophical Transactions, by publishing, under a pseudonym, satires on the Society that destroyed his chances of ever being elected to that body. Accusations of plagiarism followed much of his work. A previously unnoticed example of his wholesale lifting of the classification of fishes published in 1738 by Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi (1705–1735), is described. As for the Royal Society, Hill’s persistent satirization, which was mixed with sound critical advice, is said to have done more to improve the quality of the Philosophical Transactions than any other contemporary effort.

Keywords
Peter Artedi, Patrick Browne, classification, fishes, Martin Folkes, ichthyology, Carl Linnaeus, plagiarism, Royal Society, taxonomy
National Category
History of Ideas Biological Systematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-220222 (URN)10.11646/zootaxa.5231.3.4 (DOI)000992589200001 ()37045146 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85147864522 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-25 Created: 2023-08-25 Last updated: 2023-08-25Bibliographically approved
Pietsch, T. W. & Aili, H. (2022). Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi (17051735) and his place in the history of biosystematics as exemplified by his Ichthyologia sive opera omnia piscibus of 1738. Zootaxa, 5169(6), 589-598
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi (17051735) and his place in the history of biosystematics as exemplified by his Ichthyologia sive opera omnia piscibus of 1738
2022 (English)In: Zootaxa, ISSN 1175-5326, E-ISSN 1175-5334, Vol. 5169, no 6, p. 589-598Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An English translation of the Swedish naturalist Peter Artedi’s great masterpiece Ichthyologia sive opera omnia piscibus (1738) has allowed for an increased understanding of the importance of his work to ichthyology and to the history of biosystematics in general. The opportunity to study Ichthyologia in English for the first time emphasizes like never before Artedi’s thoroughly modern approach. His description of the European Perch, Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758, is provided as an example of the extent to which he applied his methodology to a specific taxon.

Keywords
animal, male, perch, Sweden, Animals, Perches
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-212006 (URN)10.11646/zootaxa.5169.6.5 (DOI)000888198100005 ()36095421 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85137706050 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-11-30 Created: 2022-11-30 Last updated: 2022-12-20Bibliographically approved
Aili, H. & Pietsch, T. W. (2020). Peter Artedi's Catalogue of the fishes of the Baltic Sea: an English translation with an introduction and commentary. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 189(3), 975-997
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peter Artedi's Catalogue of the fishes of the Baltic Sea: an English translation with an introduction and commentary
2020 (English)In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, E-ISSN 1096-3642, Vol. 189, no 3, p. 975-997Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A manuscript catalogue of the fishes of the Baltic Sea, and of the rivers and lakes of Sweden, the only known original work of the Swedish ichthyologist Peter Artedi (170535) by his own hand, is translated into English for the first time, and its contents assessed in light of Artedi's contribution to the development and philosophy of Linnaean systematics. Appended accounts of Swedish cetaceans and terrestrial mammals are also discussed, as well as Artedi's 'principles of ichthyology', the methodology later employed in his magnum opus, the Ichthyologia of 1738. Evidence that Artedi presented the manuscript to Sir Hans Sloane as a way to introduce himself during his visit to London in 1734 is also provided.

Keywords
Cetaceans, Hans Sloane, Linnaeus, mammals, manuscript, natural history, principles of ichthyology, Sweden
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-185471 (URN)10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz162 (DOI)000562479200009 ()
Available from: 2020-10-10 Created: 2020-10-10 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Aili, H. (2018). Frank Heller och storhertigen av Minorca. Lund: Pelotard press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frank Heller och storhertigen av Minorca
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Pelotard press, 2018. p. 144
Series
Frank Hellersällskapets årsskrift ; 13
Keywords
Frank Heller, Filip Collin, Storhertigen av Minorca
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161468 (URN)978-91-983204-2-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2022-02-26Bibliographically approved
Aili, H. (2017). Petrus Artedis Ichthyologia, Leiden 1738: Et ryktbart men föga känt pionjärverk inom naturvetenskaperna. In: Astrid M. H. Nilsson, Aske Damtoft Poulsen, Johanna Svensson (Ed.), Humanitas: Festskrift till Arne Jönsson (pp. 577-590). Göteborg: Makadam Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Petrus Artedis Ichthyologia, Leiden 1738: Et ryktbart men föga känt pionjärverk inom naturvetenskaperna
2017 (Swedish)In: Humanitas: Festskrift till Arne Jönsson / [ed] Astrid M. H. Nilsson, Aske Damtoft Poulsen, Johanna Svensson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2017, p. 577-590Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Peter Artedi (1705-1735) was a Swedish doctor, naturalist, and author of Ichthyologia (Leiden 1738), a book enjoying the reputation of being a pioneering work that has never been translated into any vernacular language. This paper demonstrates Artedi's innovative and consistent method of work through a Swedish translation of his treatment of one sincle species, Clupea maxilla inferiore longiore, maculis nigris carens "Strömming" in Volumes III, IV, and V of Ichthyologia. These three instalments are compared with the article on Clupea Harengus (Linn. 1758), "Herring", authored by Sir Francis Willughby (1636-1672) and John Ray (1627-1705), both of the Royal Society of London.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2017
Keywords
Peter Artedi, Ichthyologia
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Latin
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153530 (URN)978-91-7061-244-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Aili, H. (2016). Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch: Frank Heller och Italien under andra världskriget. In: Dag Hedman (Ed.), Frank Heller och Italien: (pp. 79-136). Lund: pelotard press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch: Frank Heller och Italien under andra världskriget
2016 (Swedish)In: Frank Heller och Italien / [ed] Dag Hedman, Lund: pelotard press , 2016, p. 79-136Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Gunnar Martin Serner (1886-1947) skrev under pseudonymen Frank Heller romaner och noveller inom genren underhållningslitteratur, samt reseskildringar, men var även Vecko-Journalens korrespondent i Italien åren 1939-1943. Reportageserien gav upphov till reseberättelsen Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch (Stockholm 1943). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: pelotard press, 2016
Series
Frank Heller-sällskapets skriftserie, ISSN 1653-6835 ; 11
Keywords
Frank Heller, Vecka-Journalen, reportage
National Category
Specific Literatures
Research subject
Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153531 (URN)978-91-983204-0-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Aili, H. & Pietsch, T. W. (2014). Jacob Theodor Klein's Critique of Peter Artedi's Ichthyologia (1738). Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift, 39-84
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jacob Theodor Klein's Critique of Peter Artedi's Ichthyologia (1738)
2014 (English)In: Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift, ISSN 0375-2038, p. 39-84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An anonymous critique of Peter Artedi’s (1705‒1735) Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibus, the latter edited and published posthumously by Carolus Linnaeus (1707‒ 1778) in 1738, is shown to have been written by the Prussian jurist and naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein (1685‒1759), and sent to Hans Sloane (1660−1753) in London for his approval. The critique is transcribed and translated, and its contents assessed in light of Artedi’s contribution to Linnaean systematics. While in some ways highly critical of Artedi, Klein must have been well aware that by criticizing Artedi he was, by association, criticizing Linnaeus as well. Linnaeus’s editorial contributions to the Ichthyologia as well as his on-going antagonistic relationship with Klein are also discussed.

Keywords
Peter Artedi, Jacob Theodor Klein, Ichthyology
National Category
Specific Languages Other Natural Sciences
Research subject
Latin; History Of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-111228 (URN)
Note

Textkritisk edition av Jacob Theodor Kleins latinskspråkiga recension av Peter Artedi: Ichthyologia (Leyden 1738), bevarad som handskrift vid British Llbrary. 

Available from: 2014-12-29 Created: 2014-12-29 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5511-3035

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