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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Boguslaw, J. (2017). When the Kids Are Not Alright: Essays on Childhood Disadvantage and Its Consequences. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: The Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When the Kids Are Not Alright: Essays on Childhood Disadvantage and Its Consequences
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of three self-contained essays on childhood disadvantage and its consequences in Sweden.

A Longitudinal Look at Child Poverty Using Both Monetary and Non-monetary Approaches. In this paper, we broaden the analysis of child poverty by using both monetary and non-monetary measures of poverty and by comparing these over time. We use a composite of questionnaire answers from children regarding possession of socially perceived necessities and participation in social activities to develop two non-monetary child-centric concepts of disadvantage: material deprivation and social exclusion. The empirical analysis is based on two cross-sections and a panel of children in the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey matched with parental survey data and administrative income records. Consistent with previous findings, we find that relative income poverty among children increases significantly between the year 2000 and 2010. The fraction of children that is disadvantaged in two dimensions, monetary and non-monetary, is relatively small (0.9–7.0 percent) but increases significantly during the period of study. The modest size of the overlap suggests that our measures capture different dimensions of disadvantage, thereby pointing to the importance of alternative poverty indicators. We also find that income status in childhood is the best predictor of socio-economic outcomes in young adulthood.

The Aspirations-attainment Paradox of Immigrant Children: A Social Networks Approach. Using two independent and nationally representative samples of Swedish children, I compare the university aspirations and expectations between children of immigrants and children of natives. In line with existing findings, I find that children with foreign-born parents have significantly higher aspirations and expectations than their native-majority peers with and without conditioning on school performance, academic potential and friendship networks. I do not find any evidence of a significant immigrant-non-immigrant aspirations-expectations gap; immigrant children's aspirations and expectations are not less aligned than those of their native-majority peers. This result suggests that immigrant-native disparities in school outcomes are not driven by an aspirations-expectations gap. Finally, the results reveal significant gender differences. Native-majority girls with academic potential are, for example, more likely to express an aspirations-expectations gap. Moreover, having only female friends makes one less likely to belong to the aforementioned category.

The Key Player in Disruptive Behavior: Whom Should We Target to Improve the Classroom Learning Environment? In this paper, I address the question: Who is the individual that exerts the greatest negative influence on the classroom learning environment? To answer this question, I invoke the key player model from network economics and use self-reported friendship data in order to solve the methodological problems associated with identifying and estimating peer effects. I overcome the issue of endogenous group formation by using the control function approach where I simultaneously estimate network formation and outcomes. The results show that the typical key player scores well on language and cognitive ability tests and is not more likely to be a boy than a girl. I also find evidence that removing the key player has a significantly larger effect on aggregate disruptiveness in a network than removing the most disruptive individual, implying that policy aimed at the most active individual could be inadequate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, 2017
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 98
Keywords
childhood disadvantage, social networks, education, disruptiveness, income poverty, immigrant children, aspirations, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147718 (URN)978-91-7797-099-6 (ISBN)978-91-7797-100-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-15, sal G Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Svante Arrhenius väg 20 C, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2022-02-28Bibliographically approved
Boguslaw, J. & Wadensjö, E. (2014). Integration och integrationspolitik i Sverige. In: Anne Britt Djuve och Anne Skevik Grødem (Ed.), Innvandring og Arbeidsmarkedsintegrering i Norden: (pp. 39-56). Oslo: NordMod2030, Fafo
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration och integrationspolitik i Sverige
2014 (Swedish)In: Innvandring og Arbeidsmarkedsintegrering i Norden / [ed] Anne Britt Djuve och Anne Skevik Grødem, Oslo: NordMod2030, Fafo , 2014, p. 39-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: NordMod2030, Fafo, 2014
Series
Fafo-rapport, ISSN 0801-6143 ; 2014:27
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-104494 (URN)978-82-324-0123-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Boguslaw, J. (2012). Svensk invandringspolitik under 500 år: 1512-2012 (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Svensk invandringspolitik under 500 år: 1512-2012
2012 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012. p. 369 Edition: 1
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83116 (URN)978-91-44-08752-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-04 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Boguslaw, J. & Wadensjö, E. (2011). Appendix till kapitel 2. Humanisterna och den svenska arbetsmarknaden. In: Humanisterna och framtidssamhället. (pp. 153-178). Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Appendix till kapitel 2. Humanisterna och den svenska arbetsmarknaden
2011 (Swedish)In: Humanisterna och framtidssamhället., Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier , 2011, p. 153-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier, 2011
Series
Institutet för framtidsstudier, Forskningsrapport. ; 2011/1
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64944 (URN)978-91-85619-84-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-11-29 Created: 2011-11-29 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Boguslaw, J. & Wadensjö, E. (2011). Invandrad arbetskraft. Invandrare & Minoriteter, 38(4-5), 10-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Invandrad arbetskraft
2011 (Swedish)In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. 38, no 4-5, p. 10-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63887 (URN)
Available from: 2011-11-02 Created: 2011-11-02 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Boguslaw, J. & Wadensjö, E. (2011). Vilka var humanisterna? Humanisterna och den svenska arbetsmarknaden. In: Humanisterna och framtidssamhället (pp. 25-75). Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vilka var humanisterna? Humanisterna och den svenska arbetsmarknaden
2011 (Swedish)In: Humanisterna och framtidssamhället, Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier , 2011, p. 25-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier, 2011
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64945 (URN)978-91-85619-84-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-11-29 Created: 2011-11-29 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8302-8145

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