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Ahren, Jennie
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Ahrén, J. (2013). Barn till överskuldsatta: underlagsrapport till Barns och ungas hälsa, vård och omsorg 2013. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barn till överskuldsatta: underlagsrapport till Barns och ungas hälsa, vård och omsorg 2013
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen, 2013. p. 14
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-91020 (URN)
Note

Rapportnr. 2013-5-49. Socialstyrelsen.

Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-06-17 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahren, J. (2013). Unga kvinnors psykiska hälsa. In: Sociala skillnader i unga kvinnors hälsa: en kunskapssammanställning av KvinnorKan (pp. 20-33). Stockholm: Föreningen KvinnorKan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unga kvinnors psykiska hälsa
2013 (Swedish)In: Sociala skillnader i unga kvinnors hälsa: en kunskapssammanställning av KvinnorKan, Stockholm: Föreningen KvinnorKan , 2013, p. 20-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen KvinnorKan, 2013
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97910 (URN)
Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-19 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén, J. C., Chiesa, F., Koupil, I., Magnusson, C., Dalman, C. & Goodman, A. (2013). We are family - parents, siblings, and eating disorders in a prospective total-population study of 250,000 Swedish males and females. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 46(7), 693-700
Open this publication in new window or tab >>We are family - parents, siblings, and eating disorders in a prospective total-population study of 250,000 Swedish males and females
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108X, Vol. 46, no 7, p. 693-700Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: We examined how parental characteristics and other aspects of family background were associated with the development of eating disorders (ED) in males and females.

Method: We used register data and record linkage to create the prospective, total-population study the Stockholm Youth Cohort. This cohort comprises all children and adolescents who were ever residents in Stockholm County between 2001 and 2007, plus their parents and siblings. Individuals born between 1984 and 1995 (N = 249, 884) were followed up for ED from age 12 to end of 2007. We used Cox regression modeling to investigate how ED incidence was associated with family socioeconomic position, parental age, and family composition.

Results: In total, 3,251 cases of ED (2,971 females; 280 males) were recorded. Higher parental education independently predicted a higher rate of ED in females [e.g., adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.69 (95% CI: 1.42, 2.02) for degree-level vs. elementary-level maternal education], but not in males [HR 0.73 (95% CI: 0.42, 1.28), p < 0.001 for gender interaction]. In females, an increasing number of full-siblings was associated with lower rate of ED [e.g., fully adjusted HR 0.92 (95% CI: 0.88, 0.97) per sibling], whereas an increasing number of half-siblings was associated with a higher rate [HR 1.05 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.09) per sibling].

Discussion: The effect of parental education on ED rate varies between males and females, whereas the effect of number of siblings varies according to whether they are full or half-siblings. A deeper understanding of these associations and their underlying mechanisms may provide etiological insights and inform the design of preventive interventions

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
National Category
Health Sciences Nutrition and Dietetics Psychology Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-90661 (URN)10.1002/eat.22146 (DOI)000326175900008 ()23740699 (PubMedID)
Note

AuthorCount: 6;

Funding agencies:

Swedish Research Council 2009-3146; Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research 2007-2064 

Available from: 2013-06-10 Created: 2013-06-10 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén, J. C., Chiesa, F., af Klinteberg, B. & Koupil, I. (2012). Psychosocial determinants and family background in anorexia nervosa: Results from the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45(3), 362-369
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial determinants and family background in anorexia nervosa: Results from the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108X, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 362-369Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between psychosocial factors and family background and incidence of anorexia nervosa (AN) in a Swedish cohort.

Method: The Stockholm Birth Cohort, SBC (N = 14,294) contains information on social background and general health in males and females, born in Stockholm 1953. Hospitalizations for AN, based on diagnoses from the ICD-8 through ICD-10, were recorded from 1969 to 2002. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to measure the association between psychosocial characteristics and family background and the risk of AN.

Results: Higher maternal education was associated with a higher risk for hospitalization for AN. An increased risk for AN was also found among females who stated that they “often compare their future prospects with others.”

Discussion: Although the study is based on a low number of cases, it confirms earlier findings of higher maternal education among individuals with eating disorders in similar cohorts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2012
Keywords
anorexia nervosa, social background, family characteristics, psychosocial factors
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43928 (URN)10.1002/eat.20953 (DOI)000301227900007 ()
Note

4

The creation and maintenance of the Stockholm Birth Cohort Data Base is a collaboration between CHESS and SOFI. Sten-Åke Stenberg of SOFI prepared the original Metropolitan Data Base, Denny Vågerö of CHESS prepared the follow-up data for 1980–2002, and Reidar Österman of CHESS organized the probability matching of the two data sets. The authors thank Ylva Almquist (CHESS) and Amir Sariaslan (Karolinska Institutet) for kind assistance with the data management. Finally, they acknowledge valuable comments from Bianca de Stavola (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK).

Available from: 2010-11-01 Created: 2010-11-01 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén, J. & Lager, A. (2012). Ungdomars psykosociala hälsa. In: Mikael Rostila, Susanna Toivanen (Ed.), Den orättvisa hälsan: Om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd. Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ungdomars psykosociala hälsa
2012 (Swedish)In: Den orättvisa hälsan: Om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd / [ed] Mikael Rostila, Susanna Toivanen, Stockholm: Liber, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2012
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-66276 (URN)978-91-47-09975-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-12-19 Created: 2011-12-19 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén, J. C., Chiesa, F., Koupil, I., Magnusson, C. & Goodman, A. (2012). We are family - parents, siblings and eating disorders: Introducing the Stockholm Youth Cohort. Paper presented at 20th European Congress of Psychiatry. European psychiatry, 27(S1), Article ID P-251.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>We are family - parents, siblings and eating disorders: Introducing the Stockholm Youth Cohort
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2012 (English)In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 27, no S1, article id P-251Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Eating disorders (ED) are among the leading causes of disease burden, especially in women.

Objectives: The overall aim is to explore role of parental social characteristics and family composition in the development of ED in adolescent males and females.

Aims: We investigated associations of parental socioeconomic position, family type, number of siblings and half-siblings and history of psychiatric disease in parents with the incidence of eating disorders at age 12–23 years.

Methods: The Stockholm Youth Cohort (N = 589,114) is a database created by record-linkage for all children and adolescents, 0–17 years, resident in Stockholm County during the period 2001–2007, their parents and siblings. Hazard rations were calculated using Cox regression. Cases of ED were identified in outpatient care.

Results: A total of 3251 cases of ED (2971 females and 280 males) were recorded among 249,884 study subjects. There was an increased risk of ED in both male and female offspring of parents who had a history of alcohol and drug abuse or psychiatric ill-health. Higher parental education was a risk factors in females. Increasing number of full siblings had a protective effect (fully adjusted HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.87–0.96, per sibling) while increasing number of half-siblings appeared to increase risk of eating disorders in females.

Conclusions: Risk factors for ED seem to differ between females and males. While parental psychiatric health is related to risk of ED in both sexes, family socioeconomic position and relationships within family appear to be of more importance for influencing risk of ED in females.

National Category
Health Sciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80450 (URN)10.1016/S0924-9338(12)74418-8 (DOI)000306695400469 ()
Conference
20th European Congress of Psychiatry
Available from: 2012-09-19 Created: 2012-09-19 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén-Moonga, J., Lekander, M., von Blixten, N., Rönnelid, J., Holmgren, S. & af Klinteberg, B. (2011). Levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in severely ill patients with eating disorders. Neuropsychobiology, 63(1), 8-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in severely ill patients with eating disorders
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2011 (English)In: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 8-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The underlying pathophysiology of eating disorders (ED) is dependent on complex interactions between psychological, biological and social factors. The purpose of the present study was to examine a possible increase in cytokines indicating inflammation, as measured by tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in ED patients, and to explore possible relationships between cytokines and self-reported personality traits. Methods: Female patients with severe ED (n = 26) were recruited consecutively from an inpatient clinic and were compared to age-matched healthy females (n = 12). Commercial ELISA tests developed for the measurement of serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were employed. Personality traits were measured using Karolinska Scales of Personality. Results: The patient group displayed increased levels of the cytokine TNF-α and a tendency towards increased IL-6 levels. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to examine possible relationships between levels of cytokines and personality traits. The results showed that IL-6 levels were positively related to both somatic and psychic anxiety and to aggression scales, such as irritability and suspicion. Increased levels of TNF-α, in turn, were significantly correlated with high scores on the depression-related anxiety scale Inhibition of Aggression. However, increased levels of cytokines in the ED group did not seem to be mainly associated with symptoms of depression. Conclusion: We cannot rule out the possibility that comorbid conditions in the group contribute to the higher cytokine values. Further studies need to explore the possible influence of cytokines on the severity of ED and whether this might be mediated or moderated by specific personality traits.

Keywords
eating disorders, cytokines, tumor necrosis, personality traits
National Category
Psychology Psychiatry Neurology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34818 (URN)10.1159/000321832 (DOI)000284154500002 ()
Note

authorCount :6

Available from: 2010-01-12 Created: 2010-01-12 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Ahrén-Moonga, J. (2011). Neuropsychological aspects of eating disorders: A focus on diagnostic criteria. In: Preedy, V. R., Watson, R. R. and Martin, C. R. (Ed.), International Handbook of Behavior, Diet, and Nutrition. New York: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuropsychological aspects of eating disorders: A focus on diagnostic criteria
2011 (English)In: International Handbook of Behavior, Diet, and Nutrition / [ed] Preedy, V. R., Watson, R. R. and Martin, C. R., New York: Springer , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer, 2011
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43926 (URN)
Available from: 2010-11-01 Created: 2010-11-01 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén-Moonga, J. (2010). Skolan och ungdomars psykosociala hälsa. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolan och ungdomars psykosociala hälsa
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2010. p. 55
Series
Rapport 10 från Delegationen för jämställdhet i skolan. SOU 2010:80
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43927 (URN)978-91-38-23468-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-11-01 Created: 2010-11-01 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ahrén-Moonga, J., Silverwood, R., af Klinteberg, B. & Koupil, I. (2009). Association of Higher Parental and Grandparental Education and Higher School Grades With Risk of Hospitalization for Eating Disorders in Females: The Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 170(5), 566-575
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association of Higher Parental and Grandparental Education and Higher School Grades With Risk of Hospitalization for Eating Disorders in Females: The Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study
2009 (English)In: American Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0002-9262, E-ISSN 1476-6256, Vol. 170, no 5, p. 566-575Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eating disorders are a leading cause of disease burden amongyoung women. This study investigated associations of socialcharacteristics of parents and grandparents, sibling position,and school performance with incidence of eating disorders. Theauthors studied Swedish females born in 1952–1989 (n =13,376), third-generation descendants of a cohort born in Uppsalain 1915–1929. Data on grandparental and parental socialcharacteristics, sibling position, school grades, hospitalizations,emigrations, and deaths were obtained by register linkages.Associations with incidence of hospitalization for eating disorderswere studied with multivariable Cox regression, adjusted forage and study period. Overall incidence of hospitalization foreating disorders was 32.0/100,000 person-years. Women with morehighly educated parents and maternal grandparents were at higherrisk (hazard ratio for maternal grandmother with higher educationrelative to elementary education = 6.5, 95% confidence interval:2.2, 19.3, adjusted for parental education). Independent offamily social characteristics, women with the highest schoolgrades had a higher risk of eating disorders (hazard ratio =7.7, 95% confidence interval: 2.5, 24.1 for high compared withlow grades in Swedish, adjusted for parental education). Thus,higher parental and grandparental education and higher schoolgrades may increase risk of hospitalization for eating disordersin female offspring, possibly because of high internal and externaldemands.

Keywords
anorexia nervosa, eating disorders, education, family, parents, siblings, social class
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34667 (URN)10.1093/aje/kwp166 (DOI)000269195000005 ()
Projects
The Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study
Note

The UBCoS Multigenerational Study is supported by grants from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research and the Swedish Research Council. J. A. M. has received financial support from Queen Silvia's Jubilee Fund for research on children and disability. I. K. is currently funded by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research. B. a. K. was supported by grants from the Swedish Foundation for Health Care Sciences and Allergy Research.

Available from: 2010-01-11 Created: 2010-01-11 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
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