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Johnson, Francis X.
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Bößner, S., Suljada, T., Johnson, F. X., Bruno, A., Rodriguez Morales, J., Hu, M., . . . Haselip, J. (2020). Policy transfer processes and renewable energy penetration: a comparative analysis of Peru, Thailand, and Uganda. Sustainable Earth, 3, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy transfer processes and renewable energy penetration: a comparative analysis of Peru, Thailand, and Uganda
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2020 (English)In: Sustainable Earth, E-ISSN 2520-8748, Vol. 3, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Low-carbon technologies must be widely adopted at a large scale to address climate change and enhance access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy. The uptake of those technologies is often supported by specific policies developed at a national or regional level and those policies, like the technologies themselves, can diffuse from one place to another. This paper sheds some light on this ‘policy transfer’ and investigates the dynamics, the actors and the processes involved. We illustrate what happens when renewable energy support policies in one country inspire renewable support policies in another country using three case studies in Peru, Thailand and Uganda as examples.

Results

Using an adapted version of the policy transfer framework first elaborated by Dolowitz and Marsh (Polit Stud 44:343–57, 1996; Governance 13:5–23, 2000), we describe the policy transfer process in the three case study countries according to several criteria. We find that policy transfer is not a straightforward process where a ‘borrower’ country simply adopts policies from a ‘lender’ country, but instead a complex process where many actors - national and international – interact to shape the outcome of the process. And while experiences particularly in the EU as well as international developments have influenced the policy transfer in case study countries significantly, domestic issues also play a key role in shaping the transferred policies and in adapting them to local contexts. Moreover, the policy transfer process is not an one-off event, but a continuous process where iterative learning helps the policies to evolve over time.

Conclusions

Policy transfer is a complex matter, involving many stakeholders during a continuous process over time. The Dolowitz and Marsh framework proved useful to analyse policy transfer and the actors involved although questions for further research remain. For instance, against what kind of criteria should the ‘success’ of a policy transfer be measured? Moreover, while comparing three illustrative case studies is a first, useful step, having a larger set of case studies and data might enhance our understanding of the details of the processes involved even further.

Keywords
Policy transfer, Policy innovation, Renewable energy, Technology transfer, International cooperation, Socio-technical analysis, Low-carbon technologies
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-184189 (URN)10.1186/s42055-019-0019-4 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-08-17 Created: 2020-08-17 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Hurlbert, M., Krishnaswamy, J., Johnson, F. X., Rodríguez-Morales, J. E. & Zommers, Z. (2019). Risk Management and Decision making in Relation to Sustainable Development. In: P.R. Shukla; J. Skea; E. Calvo Buendia; V. Masson-Delmotte; H.-O. Pörtner; D.C. Roberts; P. Zhai; R. Slade; S. Connors; R. van Diemen; M. Ferrat; E. Haughey; S. Luz; S. Neogi; M. Pathak; J. Petzold; J. Portugal Pereira; P. Vyas; E. Huntley; K. Kissick; M. Belkacemi; J. Malley (Ed.), Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems (pp. 673-800). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Management and Decision making in Relation to Sustainable Development
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2019 (English)In: Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems / [ed] P.R. Shukla; J. Skea; E. Calvo Buendia; V. Masson-Delmotte; H.-O. Pörtner; D.C. Roberts; P. Zhai; R. Slade; S. Connors; R. van Diemen; M. Ferrat; E. Haughey; S. Luz; S. Neogi; M. Pathak; J. Petzold; J. Portugal Pereira; P. Vyas; E. Huntley; K. Kissick; M. Belkacemi; J. Malley, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change , 2019, p. 673-800Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Land is integral to human habitation and livelihoods, providing food and resources, and also serves as a source of identity and cultural meaning. However, the combined impacts of climate change, desertification, land degradation, and food insecurity pose obstacles to resilient development and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This chapter reviews and assesses the literature on risk and uncertainty surrounding land and climate change, policy instruments and decision-making addressing those risks and uncertainties, and governance practices that advance response options with co-benefits identified in Chapter 6, lessen the socio-economic impacts of climate change and reduce trade-offs, and advance sustainable land management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2019
National Category
Other Social Sciences Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-184208 (URN)978-92-9169-151-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-08-18 Created: 2020-08-18 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Johnson, F. X. & Seebaluck, V. (Eds.). (2012). Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness: the role of sugar cane in Africa. New York: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness: the role of sugar cane in Africa
2012 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2012. p. 436
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-84291 (URN)10.4324/9781849776806 (DOI)2-s2.0-84921258885 (Scopus ID)9781849711036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2022-08-12Bibliographically approved
Johnson, F. X. & Seebaluck, V. (2012). Conclusion. In: Francis X. Johnson; Vikram Seebaluck (Ed.), Bioenergy for Sustainable Development and International Competitiveness: The Role of Sugar Cane in Africa (pp. 417-425). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusion
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for Sustainable Development and International Competitiveness: The Role of Sugar Cane in Africa / [ed] Francis X. Johnson; Vikram Seebaluck, Routledge, 2012, p. 417-425Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2012
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Applied Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83731 (URN)9781849711036 (ISBN)9781849776806 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-13 Created: 2012-12-13 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Johnson, F. X. & Takama, T. (2012). Economics of Modern and Traditional Bioenergy in African Households: Consumer Choices for Cook Stoves. In: R. Janssen and D. Rutz (Ed.), Bioenergy for sustainable development in Africa (pp. 375-388). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economics of Modern and Traditional Bioenergy in African Households: Consumer Choices for Cook Stoves
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for sustainable development in Africa / [ed] R. Janssen and D. Rutz, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, p. 375-388Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overwhelming majority of African households use traditional biomass in the form of wood-fuel or charcoal to meet their daily cooking needs. Modern options such as LPG or ethanol can provide considerable benefits for health and environment. The case of ethanol is interesting as a renewable source with lower GHG emissions and also having the potential to be a locally produced resource. The purchase cost of such stoves is considerably higher whilst the fuel costs will generally be lower. Previous research on household adoption of new cook stoves has tended to focus on demographic or socio-economic factors such as education and income in trying to explain consumer choice. Such variables change only slowly and thus generally cannot support rapid introduction of improved stoves. A discrete choice model was developed aimed at focusing more on the characteristics of the cook stoves themselves and the way in which they are used, which are referred to as “product-specific” attributes. The methodology is outlined here followed by a brief summary of the model applications in three countries: Ethiopia, Mozambique and Tanzania. This approach could improve the understanding of the underlying economic issues and thereby contribute to better design of cook stove programmes and help stimulate a market transformation towards cleaner and more efficient cook stoves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83734 (URN)10.1007/978-94-007-2181-4_30 (DOI)9789400721807 (ISBN)978-94-007-2181-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-13 Created: 2012-12-13 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Batidzirai, B. & Johnson, F. X. (2012). Energy Security, Agroindustrial Development, and International Trade: The Case of Sugarcane in Southern Africa. In: Alexandros Gasparatos; Per Stromberg (Ed.), Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels: Evidence from Developing Nations (pp. 254-277). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy Security, Agroindustrial Development, and International Trade: The Case of Sugarcane in Southern Africa
2012 (English)In: Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels: Evidence from Developing Nations / [ed] Alexandros Gasparatos; Per Stromberg, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, p. 254-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For most of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, energy security is a key developmental issue, given the limited capacity and supply of modern energy services. Fortunately, the region is bequeathed with abundant natural resources that can potentially be developed to support a thriving biomass energy industry. The development of modern biomass energy is likely to contribute to solving energy security concerns, improving rural livelihoods, and mitigating a number of environmental and socioeconomic impacts of current energy systems. This chapter explores the numerous opportunities and challenges associated with an expansion of biofuel production from the sugar industry as well as potential international trade implications. Current analysis shows that land is not a limiting constraint to bioenergy production from sugar resources. This chapter discusses possible implementation mechanisms to maximize the benefits of sugar resources through multiproduct strategies. One of the key issues to emerge from the analysis is the implementation of regional biofuel strategies to take better advantage of the complementarities in local, regional, and global biofuel markets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012
Keywords
energy security, regional trade, southern Africa, sugarcane ethanol
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83468 (URN)10.1017/CBO9780511920899.018 (DOI)2-s2.0-84923815831 (Scopus ID)9781107009356 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-11 Created: 2012-12-11 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Takama, T., Tsephel, S. & Johnson, F. X. (2012). Evaluating the relative strength of product-specific factors in fuel switching and stove choice decisions in Ethiopia: A discrete choice model of household preferences for clean cooking alternatives. Energy Economics, 34(6), 1763-1773
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the relative strength of product-specific factors in fuel switching and stove choice decisions in Ethiopia: A discrete choice model of household preferences for clean cooking alternatives
2012 (English)In: Energy Economics, ISSN 0140-9883, E-ISSN 1873-6181, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 1763-1773Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Switching from conventional stoves to modern clean, safe, and efficient stoves will improve health and social welfare for the 2.7 billion people worldwide that lack reliable access to modern energy services. In this paper, we critically review some key theoretical dimensions of household consumer behaviour in switching from traditional biomass cooking stoves to modern efficient stoves and fuels. We then describe the results of empirical research investigating the determinants of stove choice, focusing on the relative strength of product-specific factors across three wealth groups. A stated preference survey and discrete choice model were developed to understand household decision-making associated with cooking stove choice in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study found that, with the exception of price and usage cost factors for the high wealth group, the product-specific factors that were investigated significantly affect stove and fuel choices. The relative strength of factors was assessed in terms of Marginal Willingness to Pay and provides some evidence that consumer preference for higher quality fuels and stoves tends to increase with increasing wealth.

Keywords
Clean cooking stove, Discrete choice analysis, Bio-energy, Africa, Ethiopia, Consumer behaviour
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83295 (URN)10.1016/j.eneco.2012.07.001 (DOI)000310943800003 ()
Available from: 2012-12-07 Created: 2012-12-07 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Yamba, F. D., Johnson, F. X., Brown, G. & Woods, J. (2012). Implementation, strategies and policy options for sugar cane resources and bioenergy markets in Africa. In: Francis X. Johnson and Vikram Seebaluck (Ed.), Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness (pp. 212-230). New York: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation, strategies and policy options for sugar cane resources and bioenergy markets in Africa
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness / [ed] Francis X. Johnson and Vikram Seebaluck, New York: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2012, p. 212-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2012
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83834 (URN)9781849711036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Smeets, E., Johnson, F. X. & Ballard-Tremeer, G. (2012). Keynote introduction: Traditional and improved use of biomass for energy in Africa. In: Rainer Janssen, Dominik Rutz (Ed.), Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa: (pp. 3-12). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Keynote introduction: Traditional and improved use of biomass for energy in Africa
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa / [ed] Rainer Janssen, Dominik Rutz, Springer, 2012, p. 3-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traditional biomass energy systems are widely used in Africa, mainly because of the low cost and lack of available alternatives in rural areas. Projections indicate that the (relative) contribution of traditional bioenergy will decrease, but that the total use of traditional biomass energy systems will increase during the coming decades. The effi ciencies of wood-fuel (fi rewood and charcoal) energy systems are usually low and the use of these systems has serious negative consequences, such as indoor air pollution and related health effects, deforestation and the labour intensive and sometimes dangerous process of fi rewood collection. Improvements in stoves, charcoal production effi ciency and switching fuels can increase the effi ciency by several tens of percent points and thereby reduce the demand for labour for the collection of fi rewood and the costs. Other advantages of improved traditional bioenergy systems are reduced greenhouse gas emissions, reduced indoor air pollution and reduced deforestation. Various initiatives have been successful in implementing the use of improved household stoves, although the results suggest that the success of improved traditional biomass systems depends on the local conditions and socio-economic impacts of these systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012
Keywords
Wood-fuel, Fuel-wood, Firewood, Charcoal, Traditional energy systems, Fuel-wood stoves, Charcoal kilns, Efficiency, Indoor air pollution, Black carbon, Incomplete combustion, Energy ladder, Dedicated woody energy, LPG, Kerosene, Biogas, Ethanol, Ethanol-gelfuel
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83830 (URN)10.1007/978-94-007-2181-4_1 (DOI)978-94-007-2180-7 (ISBN)978-94-007-2181-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
Johnson, F. X. & Batidzirai, B. (2012). Renewable resources from sugar cane: the energy, environment and development context for Africa. In: F.X. Johnson and V. Seebaluck (Ed.), Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness (pp. 1-15). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Renewable resources from sugar cane: the energy, environment and development context for Africa
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for sustainable development and international competitiveness / [ed] F.X. Johnson and V. Seebaluck, Routledge, 2012, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2012
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Applied Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83728 (URN)9781849711036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-12-13 Created: 2012-12-13 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved
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