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Norström, T., Landberg, J. & Trolldal, B. (2022). Drinking and acquisition of unrecorded alcohol across educational groups in Sweden. Drug and Alcohol Review, 41(1), 160-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drinking and acquisition of unrecorded alcohol across educational groups in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 160-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: It is estimated that 18.5% of total alcohol consumption in Sweden in 2018 was unrecorded. However, little is known about the socio-economic profile of consumers of unrecorded alcohol. The aim of this study was to elucidate this issue by analysing data from a unique Swedish national repeated cross-sectional alcohol use survey.

Methods: Individual-level information on alcohol consumption and socio-economic status (SES) for the years 2013–2018 was retrieved from the Monitoring Project; a nationally representative monthly alcohol use survey. The analytical sample comprised 64 375 respondents aged 25–74 years. SES was measured by educational level. We used three educational groups: (i) low (<10 years); (ii) intermediate (10–12 years); and (iii) high (13+ years). We included indicators of the following sources of unrecorded alcohol consumption: travellers' import, smuggled alcohol, home production, internet and illicit home-distilling. We estimated adjusted SES-specific means of the various forms of unrecorded consumption. The means were adjusted for the effects of age, sex and region.

Results: There were no significant educational differences in the total of unrecorded alcohol consumption; the same holds true for home-production and internet. However, with respect to smuggled and home-distilling, a statistically significant educational gradient was observed with the lowest educational group scoring approximately four times higher than the highest.

Discussion and Conclusions: Our findings suggest that there are no differences across educational groups in the consumption of unrecorded alcohol as a whole. However, consumption of smuggled alcohol and illicitly distilled spirits is elevated in the low educational group.

Keywords
unrecorded alcohol, Sweden, education, socio-economic status
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-193676 (URN)10.1111/dar.13304 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-01769Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-01769
Available from: 2021-06-04 Created: 2021-06-04 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Landberg, J., Trolldal, B. & Norström, T. (2021). Is the theory of collectivity of drinking cultures valid across educational groups?. Drug and Alcohol Review, 40(3), 472-480
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is the theory of collectivity of drinking cultures valid across educational groups?
2021 (English)In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 472-480Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction 

To explore whether Skog's theory of collectivity of drinking cultures is valid across groups with different socioeconomic position (SEP).

Methods

Individual‐level information on alcohol consumption and SEP for the years 2004–2014 were retrieved from the Monitoring Project; a nationally representative monthly alcohol use survey. The analytical sample consisted of 162 369 respondents aged 25–79 years. SEP was measured by education level. Alcohol use was measured by yearly volume of consumption and frequency of heavy episodic drinking (HED). Respondents were divided into six SEP‐groups based on their education level and sex. Mean yearly volume consumption and prevalence of monthly HED was calculated for each group and graphically plotted against the overall mean volume of consumption.

Results

The yearly changes in overall mean consumption during the study period reflected a collective shift in drinking across groups with basic, intermediate and high education. There were also indications that changes in overall mean consumption reflected collective shifts in the prevalence of HED across the SEP‐groups. Moreover, while the magnitude of the associations for both average volume and HED differed somewhat in strength across the SEP‐groups, they were clearly in the same, positive, direction.

Discussion and Conclusions

Our findings add support for including a socioeconomic dimension to Skog's theory of collectivity of drinking cultures. Future studies should replicate our analyses on cases and periods with more tangible changes in the price and availability of alcohol.

Keywords
average volume of alcohol consumption, heavy episodic drinking, socioeconomic position, collectivity, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-188766 (URN)10.1111/dar.13232 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2021-01-12 Created: 2021-01-12 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0785-8515

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