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Discursos fronteiriços de jovens moçambicanos: A linguagem, as ideologias e as subjetividades na colonialidade contemporânea
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8079-5197
2019 (Portuguese)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Discursive re(b)ordering of Young Mozambicans : Language, ideologies and subjectivities in contemporary coloniality (English)
Abstract [en]

Why are we talking about coloniality in postcolonial times? And what does language have to do with it? In addressing these two broad questions, this thesis sets out to provide empirically well-grounded reflections focusing: First, on how young Mozambicans’ linguistic repertoires and discursive practices relate to their sense of being in the world. And second, on how their perceptions resonate with recent sociolinguistic debates about the different roles language and ideologies play in constructing and reproducing conditions of contemporary coloniality. The role of postcolonial Portuguese is particularly highlighted. The introduction provides a critical, decolonial and epistemic reflexion that brings together four seemingly disparate studies. Moreover, it offers an invitation to critically reflect on discourses, ideologies and valuations that are carried in and on our individual and collective historical bodies and minds and are reproduced through different manifestations of what I call ‘discursive re(b)orderings’. Study I, explores how Portuguese spoken in Maputo has changed after independence and underpins the inquiry into the ‘construct’ of linguistic boundaries and its relation to ideas of language purity and how these ideologically laden notions impact knowledge production and perceived and lived mobilities in the ‘postcolony’. Study II, displays ‘languaging’ practices of young Mozambicans and their strategic orientations in their social-spatial deployment of linguistic resources, and explores ‘translanguaging’ as discursive space production. Study III, brings Frantz Fanon into the study of sociolinguistics of subjectivity and explores the reflexes of the ‘other’ in the constitution of the self of young Mozambicans, suggesting that intersubjectivity holds the promise of disentangling Fanon´s notion of ‘sociogenese’. Study IV brings Pierre Bourdieu´s Distinction (1984) into the ‘postcolony’ by emulating his methodology through multilevel big picture data, combining quantitative and qualitative data and analyses with approaches inspired by ethnography to look at ‘positions and dispositions’ of young Mozambicans across fields and markets. Theoretically, the thesis brings Bourdieu and Fanon together, and shows how nexus concepts, intersubjectivity and the historical bodies and minds represent promising avenues to the understanding of language in coloniality. Two nexus concepts, the habitus and the sociogenese, are adopted and complement each other. By mixing methodologies, the studies combined, manage to capture the complexities in the multi-layered and often subtle ways discursive bordering constructs and reproduces contemporary coloniality. Empirically, taken together, the four studies show how ideologies, the ‘constructs’ surrounding language and the symbolic value of Portuguese are taken up in language and discourses and in speakers’ strategic deployment of linguistic resources across fields and marketplaces in the ‘postcolony’. Moreover, it shows how all forms of capital: epistemic, economic, educational, linguistic and symbolic are reconfigured and revaluated. Nevertheless, mobility is contained, and socioeconomic inequalities are mirrored in sociolinguistic inequalities and even in material urban space to the effect of perpetuating conditions of contemporary coloniality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Stockholm University , 2019.
Keywords [en]
decoloniality, Frantz Fanon, Pierre Bourdieu, sociogenese, intersubjectivity, epistemic reflexivity, contemporary coloniality, nexus concepts, Mozambique, Portuguese, postcolony, symbolic value, habitus, linguistic repertories, forms of capital, knowledge production
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Romance Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167193ISBN: 978-91-7797-670-7 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7797-671-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167193DiVA, id: diva2:1298118
Public defence
2019-05-06, Ahlmannsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (Portuguese)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Oral Portuguese in Maputo from a diachronic perspective: Diffusion of linguistic innovations in a language shift scenario
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral Portuguese in Maputo from a diachronic perspective: Diffusion of linguistic innovations in a language shift scenario
2017 (English)In: Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 12: Selected papers from the 45th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), Campinas, Brazil / [ed] Ruth E.V. Lopes, Juanito Ornelas de Avelar, Sonia M. L. Cyrino, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, p. 199-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the diffusion of contact-induced linguistic innovations in Portuguese spoken in Maputo, Mozambique, in two datasets from 1993/4 and 2007, focusing on quantitative accounts of linguistic innovations at lexical, lexico-syntactic, syntactic and morphosyntactic levels. Overall, innovative features that registered in the two datasets are qualitatively the same. Results confirm an increase in the frequency of innovative features related to second language acquisition and language contact at all linguist levels, with particularly high diffusion rates of morphological simplifications. This increase may be related to bilingualism and changes in use of, access to, and input of Portuguese. Furthermore, the qualitative stability of features may be a sign of an emerging usage norm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017
Series
Romance languages and linguistic theory, ISSN 1574-552X ; 12
Keywords
language shift, language contact, contact-induced change, Portuguese, diachronic quantitative approach, linguistic innovation, Bantu languages, Mozambique
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Romance Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-159851 (URN)10.1075/rllt.12.13rei (DOI)9789027203922 (ISBN)9789027265302 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-07 Created: 2018-09-07 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
2. Translinguando espaço? Discursos metalinguísticos de jovens moçambicanos sobre ‘languaging’
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Translinguando espaço? Discursos metalinguísticos de jovens moçambicanos sobre ‘languaging’
2016 (Portuguese)In: Domínios de Lingu@gem, ISSN 1980-5799, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 1278-1301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Translanguaging space? Mozambican Youth´s metalinguistic discourse on languaging

This study explores languaging practices among plurilingual Mozambican youth based on metalinguistic discourse and considering changes in the linguistic ecology fueled by the expansion of Portuguese and other social processes in Mozambique during post-independence. Additionally, this paper discusses the hypothesis of transforming languaging practices among plurilingual youth, which through a translanguaging lens can be seen as translanguaging space (GARCÍA; WEI, 2014; WEI, 2011). The approach is multimethodological and consists of autobiographic interviews, observations and metalinguistic discourse including audio and video material. The nine participants come from two different provinces in Mozambique: Nampula and Maputo. The results confirm the emergence of new languaging practices which the youth prefer and use in communication with peers. The creativity and criticality highlighted by Wei as key elements of translanguaging space (WEI, 2011) are observed and regarded as space construction (LEFEBVRE, 1991), or revindication of space(s) and, among other things, the historical and cultural hegemonic positioning of the monoglossic ideology of Portuguese in institutional spaces.

Abstract [pt]

O presente estudo explora as práticas de languaging entre jovens moçambicanos plurilíngues com base em discursos de metalinguagem e à luz das mudanças na ecologia linguística trazidas pela expansão da língua portuguesa e outros processos sociais em Moçambique no período pós-independência. Defende, para além disso, a hipótese de que as práticas de languagingentre jovens plurilíngues se têm transformado e que essas práticas podem ser vistas na perspectiva de translanguaging e comotranslanguaging space (GARCÍA; WEI, 2014; WEI, 2011). A abordagem é multimetodológica e baseia-se em entrevistas autobiográficas, observação e discursos metalinguísticos; e inclui materiais áudio e vídeo. Os nove participantes provêm de duas províncias diferentes de Moçambique: Nampula e Maputo. Os resultados confirmam a emergência de novas práticas de languagingque os jovens preferem e usam na comunicação entre pares. A criatividade e o espírito crítico salientados por Wei como elementos chave das práticas detranslanguaging space (WEI, 2011) verificam-se e são vistos como construção de espaço (LEFEBVRE, 1991); ou reivindicação do(s) espaço(s) e, entre outros, do posicionamento histórico e cultural hegemônico da ideologia monoglóssica do Português nos espaços institucionais.

Keywords
Multilingualism, Youth Languaging, Translanguaging space, Decolonization, Mozambique, Multilinguismo, Languaging de jovens, Translinguando espaço, Descolonização, Moçambique
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Romance Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166232 (URN)10.14393/DL27-v10n4a2016-5 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
3. Trajo Português - Destrinçando a Sociogénese nos Diálogos Fanonianos de jovens moçambicanos
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trajo Português - Destrinçando a Sociogénese nos Diálogos Fanonianos de jovens moçambicanos
(Portuguese)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [pt]

Este estudo traz o teórico pós-colonial Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) à sociolinguística crítica e analisa a experiência vivida por jovens moçambicanos, focalizando a dimensão intersubjetiva da linguagem e evidenciando não só a importância do reflexo do outro no processo de constituição do sujeito, aquilo que se descreve como ‘a relação eu e o outro’, mas igualmente a relação entre a constituição do sujeito e o social (ou seja sócio histórico), o que Fanon descreve como ‘a sociogénese’. Explorando o nexo teoria-empiria, o estudo visa desafiar as fronteiras disciplinares e descolonizar as abordagens tanto teóricas como metodológicas e abrir caminhos que contribuem para pluralizar a produção do saber. Ao nível teórico e conceitual, mostro a vigência da noção de ‘intersubjetividade’ para extrair a dimensão sócio-histórica da sociogénese. Proponho uma releitura de Fanon, demonstrando a vigência da sociogénese na destrinça das dinâmicas de corporização e internalização das ideologias e das categorias sociais, dando como exemplo ‘o assimilado’ que refrata o racismo, e que conduz a uma reprodução de condições de colonialidade hoje em dia.

Keywords
postcolonial, intersubjectivity, racism, sociogenese, Frantz Fanon, lived experience, decoloniality, experiência vivida, Frantz Fanon, descolonialidade, racismo, sociogénese, intersubjetividade, Moçambique
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Romance Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167189 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
4. Não pode dzi kwela chapa. Bourdieuan social distinctions in Mozambican postcolonial nation-building
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Não pode dzi kwela chapa. Bourdieuan social distinctions in Mozambican postcolonial nation-building
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Positioned within critical sociolinguistics, this paper shows how Bourdieu’s notions of ‘distinction’ and habitus offer a coherent understanding of language and symbolic power in postcolonial settings of the Global South facing entangled processes of globalization, postcolonial nation building, and expansion of state provided education. These processes give rise to a multilayered and conflicting speaker. Showcasing Mozambique, the paper combines multilevel datasets; historiography, big picture survey data of the city of Maputo and an ethnographically inspired study from one neighborhood in the ‘poor belt’ of the city, to unravel complexities and what at first glance can seem contradictory dynamics. Crossing scales and markets, the paper shows how socioeconomic inequalities are mirrored in sociolinguistic inequalities and even in material urban space and suggests that ex-colonial languages, although ‘indigenized’ and submersed in a radically different ecology of fluid multilingual practices, nevertheless maintain – and actually exacerbate – local socio-economic stratification and reinstate condition of coloniality post independence.

Abstract [pt]

Posicionado na sociolinguística crítica, este artigo mostra como Bourdieu e as noções de"distinção" e "habitus" oferecem um entendimento coerente da linguagem e do poder simbólico em configurações pós-coloniais do Sul Global. Estes contextos enfrentam frequentemente processos de transformação social, globalização, criação-nação pós-colonial e expansão do sistema educativo, desencadeando um falador rodeado por múltiplas escalas em conflito. Exibindo o caso Moçambique, o estudo combina dados multiníveis; historiografia, dados “big picture” da cidade de Maputo e um estudo inspirado por abordagens etnograficas de um bairro no "faixa pobre " da cidade. No seu conjunto, mostram as complexidades e o que à primeira vista pode parecer uma dinâmica contraditória. Cruzando escalas e mercados, o estudo mostra como as desigualdades socioeconômicas se espelham nas desigualdades sociolinguísticas e até mesmo no espaço urbano material e sugere que as línguas ex-coloniais, apesar de serem "indigenizadas" e submersas numa ecologia radicalmente diferente de práticas fluidas multilingues, mantêm e exacerbam - estratificação socioeconômica local erestituição da condição de colonialidade pós-independência.

Keywords
Bourdieu, social distinctions, socio-spatial segregation, urban space, postcolonial, Mozambique
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Romance Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167190 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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More languages
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