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Hur begriplig är historien?: Elevers möjligheter och svårigheter i historieundervisningen i skolan
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
2017 (Svenska)Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)Alternativ titel
Making History Understandable : Problems and Possibilities Facing Students When Learning History (Engelska)
Abstract [en]

The thesis focuses on how students learn history in the classroom, more precisely on their possibilities and difficulties in developing competence in the school subject of history. There is a particular emphasis on how they explain and understand historical processes and concepts within the subject of history. Participants are students of different grades, 8–19 years old. The purpose of the study is to explore how students learn history in concrete learning situations and my focus is on the types of knowledge students understand, learn, develop and use in comparison with what they are expected to learn.  This is done based on three fundamental and well-established principles of learning. To examine what kinds of knowledge students need I use three main types of knowledge: declarative content knowledge (facts and concepts), procedural knowledge (knowledge about how to do things) and self-regulatory knowledge (knowledge about how to regulate our memory, thought and learning). I also use concepts and insights from systemic functional linguistics (SFL) in order to explain why the students use language and communicate the way they do.

The thesis shows that history is challenging for young students. Young students have difficulties with complex and abstract concepts in history as they treat concepts as facts. Older, more competent, students use concepts on a more abstract level and use different kinds of linguistic resources when formulating explanations of higher complexity, more similar to the way explanations in the domain of history are commonly written. The youngest students and some of the older students lacked factual knowledge, concept knowledge, domain specific self-regulatory knowledge and linguistic resources.

Declarative content knowledge and facts are more important and more difficult for young students to understand, develop, organize and learn than previous scholars have shown empirically. Students’ abilities to understand facts and ideas in the context of a conceptual framework and to organize and structure facts with the help of concepts at different level of abstraction (conceptual understanding) are crucial. Students also need linguistic resources, both lexical knowledge and knowledge of text structures. Language is crucial both in the process of acquiring knowledge and in the process of communication. In the learning process, teaching is crucial, since individual students’ potential to develop competence depend on the potential of the teacher to discover and engage their preconceptions and arrange for learning in a way that give students the kind of knowledge they need.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Historiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2017. , 347 s.
Nyckelord [en]
History education, Teaching and learning in history, historical thinking, historical understanding, historical explanation, historical concept, conceptual understanding, SFL
Nyckelord [sv]
Historiedidaktik, Historisk förklaring, Historiskt tänkande, begreppsförståelse, undervisning och inlärning, historiska begrepp
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Forskningsämne
historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143123ISBN: 978-91-7649-862-0 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-91-7649-863-7 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143123DiVA: diva2:1095463
Disputation
2017-09-01, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 10:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2017-06-08 Skapad: 2017-05-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-30Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hur begriplig är historien?(4174 kB)49 nedladdningar
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Av författaren/redaktören
Stymne, Anna-Carin
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Historiska institutionen
Historia

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Totalt: 49 nedladdningar
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