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Iamitives: Perfects in Southeast Asia and beyond
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
2013 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

This study explores grammatical markers with meanings similar to the English perfect tense and words like already, as found in numerous languages across the world, and perhaps especially in languages of Southeast Asia, with the aim of describing the main function of these markers. Such items have previously been treated as belonging to the same category as the perfects of European languages but are tentatively termed "iamitives" in this study (from Latin iam 'already') since they differ from perfects in many respects. The investigation focusses on the semantic and pragmatic factors that determine the use of iamitive-like markers in Indonesian/Malay, Thai, Vietnamese and Mandarin Chinese, based on questionnaire data obtained through work with native speakers of the languages, with additional data coming from a number of languages spoken in other parts of the world. The results highlight the differences and similarities that can be found between iamitives, perfects and 'already', and explicates a number of conditions that are crucial for the use of iamitives, notably involving notions such as change-of-state and speaker expectations

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013.
Emneord [en]
aspect, tense, perfect, Southeast Asian languages
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-91392OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-91392DiVA, id: diva2:633203
Uppsök
Humanities, Theology
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-06-27 Laget: 2013-06-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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Iamitives: Perfects in Southeast Asia and beyond(267 kB)556 nedlastinger
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