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On How the Middle Atmospheric Residual Circulation Responds to the Solar Cycle Close to the Solstices
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 22018 (English)In: Journal of Climate, ISSN 0894-8755, E-ISSN 1520-0442, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 401-421Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During high solar activity, the atmosphere receives more energy from the sun, particularly in the form of shortwave radiation. Most notable is the effect in the middle and upper atmosphere, which in general shows a positive temperature response due to physical and chemical processes that are intensified at high solar activity. It is thus surprising that a clear solar cycle signal is absent in the summer polar mesosphere region in spite of it being illuminated around the clock. In this study, it is investigated how the circulation in the summer mesosphere is affected by changes in the solar flux using a 30-yr run from the nudged version of the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM30). It is found that-in July-the solar cycle signal from direct solar heating is counteracted by an enhanced residual circulation, which adiabatically cools the region at a higher rate when the solar activity is above average. The dynamical cooling is partly initiated in the Southern Hemisphere winter stratosphere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 31, no 1, p. 401-421
Keywords [en]
Atmospheric circulation, Middle atmosphere, Solar cycle
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156023DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0202.1ISI: 000429528800024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156023DiVA, id: diva2:1203812
Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-04Bibliographically approved

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