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Do the formative aspects of education really matter for educational assortative mating? Cues from a natural experiment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0347-3802
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Individuals tend to partner with people of a similar educational level as themselves. According to the matching hypothesis, exposure to education leads to similarity in taste and cultural cognitive schemas, causing educationally similar partners to form unions. In this study, I ask if such formative content of education matters for educational homogamy, net of other forces. Evaluating this claim is often difficult because educational level also beget human resources and because marriage markets are structured by educational level - aspects which also lead to educational homogamy. I approach this issue using a semi-experimental design that tentatively holds constant marriage markets and human capital related to education. Using a national reform, I compare the educational assortative mating of upper secondary vocational students who studied under a theoretical curriculum to that of vocational students not exposed to a theoretical curriculum. The reform provides variability in formative education. Yet, it induces no variation in competitive human capital and marriage markets, as students obtain comparable human capital within the same standard upper secondary track. Therefore, effects may be attributed to matching on formative content of the added theoretical curriculum. Before and after adjusting for selection, I find no effect of an added theoretical curriculum on partnering. The results are discussed in terms of the ambiguity of formative education as an explanation for educational assortative mating.

Keywords [en]
Partnering, Educational Homogamy, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-164760DiVA, id: diva2:1280161
Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-01-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Family Dynamics: Partnering, Fertility and Divorce in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Family Dynamics: Partnering, Fertility and Divorce in Sweden
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Diversity in household and family structures poses interesting questions for scientific inquiry. What accounts for patterns of reproduction, partnering, household formation and household dissolution? This dissertation investigates facets of this question in the context of modern Sweden from a longitudinal and individual level perspective. It consists of three empirical studies using data from administrative registers and panel survey data. The first study begins with noting a rapid expansion in online education and analyzes whether this development leads to higher fertility in student populations. The second study asks whether individuals’ predispositions towards divorce change after exposure to the experience of parenthood, union formation and union dissolution. The third study builds on the literature on assortative mating and investigates what drives underlying preferences for this behavior. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2019
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 102
Keywords
Fertility, Divorce attitudes, Sweden, Educational Homogamy, Life Course, Family Dynamics
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164767 (URN)978-91-7797-522-9 (ISBN)978-91-7797-523-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-03-08, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved

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Output format
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