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Living with ADHD: A Meta-Synthesis Review of Qualitative Research on Children’s Experiences and Understanding of Their ADHD
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3825-042X
2019 (English)In: International journal of disability, development and education, ISSN 1034-912X, E-ISSN 1465-346XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

ADHD is a disability characterised by hyperactivity, impulsivity and difficulties maintaining attention. Despite extensive research on ADHD, the effects of existing treatments are moderate and inconsistent. Knowledge regarding children’s and adolescents’ everyday experiences of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and their understanding of these experiences is valuable for the further development of interventions. The aim of the following study was to systematically search for and review qualitative research on children’s and adolescents’ everyday experiences and understanding of their ADHD, and to suggest an integrative synthesis of the results. In total, 16 published and unpublished qualitative studies on the subject were identified. The analysis identified four categories: (1) experiences related to one’s body and psychological abilities: lack of control, having difficulties, and the biological determination of these experiences; (2) ambivalent experiences related to one’s own psychological needs: a need to adjust oneself and a need to be accepted as ‘who I am’; (3) ambivalent experience related to social others: demands and expectations are a problem, experiencing lack of belonging and stigma, but also receiving help from close social others; and (4) experiences related to the formation of personal identity. Erikson’s psychosocial theory of personal identity is suggested for an understanding of the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
ADHD, adolescents, identity formation, lived experience, qualitative meta-synthesis, qualitative research
National Category
Educational Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168297DOI: 10.1080/1034912X.2019.1596226ISI: 000463975000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168297DiVA, id: diva2:1307845
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Living with ADHD: How children with ADHD and their parents perceive and cope with the disorderAvailable from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-10-14

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