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Ongoing change in post-independence Sao Tome: The use of rhotics as a marker of national identity among young speakers of Santomean Portuguese
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
Number of Authors: 12019 (English)In: Language Variation and Change, ISSN 0954-3945, E-ISSN 1469-8021, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 21-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines variation in the use of rhotics in Santomean Portuguese. In Portuguese, the distribution of rhotics is determined by syllable structure (Bonet & Mascaro, 1997). However, the emerging variety of Portuguese spoken in Sao Tome and Principe diverges from the standard norm and shows great variability in its use of rhotics; specifically, Santomeans often use a strong-R in positions that require a weak-r in European and Brazilian Portuguese. Sociolinguistic interviews with 56 speakers from the capital of Sao Tome and Principe and its surroundings provide 5287 data points for analysis. Based on the apparent-time construct (Bailey, 2004; Bailey et al., 1991), variation patterns show a language change in progress in the use of the strong-R, with younger speakers using it more frequently. Results also reveal the emergence of rhotic fricatives in the speech of Santomeans born after the independence of the country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 31, no 1, p. 21-42
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-169302DOI: 10.1017/S0954394518000182ISI: 000467438000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-169302DiVA, id: diva2:1319834
Available from: 2019-06-03 Created: 2019-06-03 Last updated: 2019-06-03Bibliographically approved

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