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Metal-Organic Frameworks as Catalysts for Organic Synthesis: A Critical Perspective
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. University of Zurich, Switzerland.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2856-5295
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9118-1342
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7898-317X
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 141, no 18, p. 7223-7234Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent advances in organic chemistry and materials chemistry have enabled the porosity of new materials to be accurately controlled on the nanometer scale. In this context, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have rapidly become one of the most attractive classes of solid supports currently under investigation in heterogeneous catalysis. Their unprecedented degree of tunability gives MOFs the chance to succeed where others have failed. The past decade has witnessed an exponential growth in the complexity of new structures. MOFs with a variety of topologies and pore sizes show excellent stability across wide ranges of pH and temperature. Even the controlled insertion of defects, to alter the MOF's properties in a predictable manner, has become commonplace. However, research on catalysis with MOFs has been sluggish in catching up with modern trends in organic chemistry. Relevant issues such as enantioselective processes, C-H activation, or olefin metathesis are still rarely discussed. In this Perspective, we highlight meritorious examples that tackle important issues from contemporary organic synthesis, and that provide a fair comparison with existing catalysts. Some of these MOF catalysts already outcompete state-of-the-art homogeneous solutions. For others, improvements may still be required, but they have merit in aiming for the bigger challenge. Furthermore, we also identify some important areas where MOFs are likely to make a difference, by addressing currently unmet needs in catalysis instead of trying to outcompete homogeneous catalysts in areas where they excel. Finally, we strongly advocate for rational design of MOF catalysts, founded on a deep mechanistic understanding of the events taking place inside the pore.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 141, no 18, p. 7223-7234
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170195DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b00733ISI: 000467781600002PubMedID: 30974060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170195DiVA, id: diva2:1338063
Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Pascanu, VladGonzález Miera, GrecoInge, A. KenMartín-Matute, Belén
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