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SN2012dn from early to late times: 09dc-like supernovae reassessed
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Number of Authors: 432019 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 488, no 4, p. 5473-5488Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As a candidate super-Chandrasekhar' or 09dc-like TypeIa supernova (SNIa), SN 2012dn shares many characteristics with other members of this remarkable class of objects but lacks their extraordinary luminosity. Here, we present and discuss the most comprehensive optical data set of this SN to date, comprised of a densely sampled series of early-time spectra obtained within the Nearby Supernova Factory project, plus photometry and spectroscopy obtained at the Very Large Telescope about 1yr after the explosion. The light curves, colour curves, spectral time series, and ejecta velocities of SN 2012dn are compared with those of other 09dc-like and normal SNeIa, the overall variety within the class of 09dc-like SNeIa is discussed, and new criteria for 09dc-likeness are proposed. Particular attention is directed to additional insight that the late-phase data provide. The nebular spectra show forbidden lines of oxygen and calcium, elements that are usually not seen in late-time spectra of SNeIa, while the ionization state of the emitting iron plasma is low, pointing to low ejecta temperatures and high densities. The optical light curves are characterized by an enhanced fading starting similar to 60d after maximum and very low luminosities in the nebular phase, which is most readily explained by unusually early formation of clumpy dust in the ejecta. Taken together, these effects suggest a strongly perturbed ejecta density profile, which might lend support to the idea that 09dc-like characteristics arise from a brief episode of interaction with a hydrogen-deficient envelope during the first hours or days after the explosion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 488, no 4, p. 5473-5488
Keywords [en]
line: identification, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2012dn, SN 2006gz, SN 2007if, SN 2009dc
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-175036DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1977ISI: 000484349700079OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-175036DiVA, id: diva2:1366754
Available from: 2019-10-30 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2019-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Fransson, Claes
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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