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Neo-liberalism translated into preconditions for women entrepreneurs - two contrasting cases
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
Number of Authors: 42022 (English)In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 603-630Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - Contrasting two countries with different gender regimes and welfare states, Sweden and Tanzania, this paper aims to analyse how the institutional context affects the ways in which a neo-liberal reform agenda is translated into institutional changes and propose how such changes impact the preconditions for women's entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach - This study uses document analysis and previous studies to describe and analyse the institutions and the institutional changes. This paper uses Scandinavian institutional theory as the interpretative framework. Findings This study proposes that: in well-developed welfare states with a high level of gender equality, consequences of neo-liberal agenda for the preconditions for women entrepreneurs are more likely to be negative than positive. In less developed states with a low level of gender equality, the gendered consequences of neo-liberal reforms may be mixed and the preconditions for women's entrepreneurship more positive than negative. How neo-liberalism impacts preconditions for women entrepreneurs depend on the institutional framework in terms of a trustworthy women-friendly state and level of gender equality. Research limitations/implications The study calls for bringing the effects on the gender of the neo-liberal primacy of market solutions out of the black box. Studying how women entrepreneurs perceive these effects necessitates qualitative ethnographic data.

Originality/value - This paper demonstrates why any discussion of the impact of political or economic reforms on women's entrepreneurship must take a country's specific institutional context into account. Further, previous studies on neo-liberalism have rarely taken an interest in Africa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 16, no 4, p. 603-630
Keywords [en]
Institutional change, Gender, Neo-liberalism, Sweden-Tanzania, Women's entrepreneruship
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-197698DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0207ISI: 000679397000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85111449055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-197698DiVA, id: diva2:1602987
Available from: 2021-10-14 Created: 2021-10-14 Last updated: 2022-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Berglund, Karin

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