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Disturbed sleep and its attribution to stress and other causes: A population-based survey
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4977-9169
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7457-7302
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8049-8504
Number of Authors: 32023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 99-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the prevalence of attributed causes of disturbed sleep and the association between stress-disturbed sleep and age, sex, and sleep duration on weekdays as well as weekends in a representative sample. A nationally representative sample (n = 1,128, response rate 72.8%), stratified for sex and age, completed a computer-assisted phone survey that included questions about sleep disturbances and attributed causes. Stress was the main attributed cause of sleep disturbance (35.1%), most frequently attributed by younger women (χ2 = 26.5, p < 0.001). Prevalence of stress-disturbed sleep was higher with lower age (B = −0.05, odds ratio (OR) = 0.94, CI = 0.91, 0.98). There was a trend, however, toward a significant interaction between age and sex, with women in the older age-groups more frequently reporting stress-disturbed sleep than older men (B = −0.02, OR = 1.022, CI = 1.003, 1.042). Weekday sleep duration decreased with increased stress-disturbed sleep, with an inverse relationship on weekends except for those reporting stress-disturbed sleep more than 5 days per week (F = 10.5, p < 0.001), who also had the shortest weekend sleep duration. Sleep disturbances were commonly attributed to stress, and more strongly so in women younger than 46 years. Stress-disturbed sleep during weekdays seems to be potentially compensated for with extended sleep on weekends, except for those with continuous stress-disturbed sleep. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023. Vol. 64, no 2, p. 99-104
Keywords [en]
sleep, stress, sleep disturbance, sleep duration, weekend, representative
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-209437DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12867ISI: 000849525200001PubMedID: 36057792Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85137564216OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-209437DiVA, id: diva2:1696921
Note

Funding: The Swedish agency for health technology assessment and assessment of social services, Swedish Research Council.

Available from: 2022-09-19 Created: 2022-09-19 Last updated: 2024-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Petersen, HelenaKecklund, GöranÅkerstedt, Torbjörn

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