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Observation of collective excitation of surface plasmon resonances in large Josephson junction arrays
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-7165
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3131-8658
Number of Authors: 32022 (English)In: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, ISSN 2190-4286, Vol. 13, p. 1578-1588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Josephson junctions can be used as sources of microwave radiation. However, synchronization of many junctions is required for achieving a coherent amplification of the emitted power. In this work we present an experimental study of large arrays containing up to one thousand Nb/NbxSi1−x/Nb junctions. The arrays exhibit profound cavity mode resonances, corresponding to the formation of standing waves at the electrode/substrate interface. We observe that resonant steps in the current–voltage characteristics appear above some threshold number of junctions, Nth ≈ 100, and then progressively enhance in amplitude with further increment of the number of junctions in the resistive oscillating state. We use an external detector to measure the emission of electromagnetic waves. The emission power correlates with the step amplitude. Our results indicate that the emission is facilitated by the cavity modes in the electrodes. The modes are collectively excited by active junctions. In turn, the standing wave imprints its order on the array, facilitating mutual phase-locking of junctions. This provides an indirect coupling mechanism, allowing for the synchronization of junctions, which do not directly interact with each other. Our results demonstrate that electrodes can effectively work as a common external resonator, facilitating long-range phase-locking of large junction arrays with sizes larger than the emitted wavelength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 13, p. 1578-1588
Keywords [en]
cavity modes, Josephson junctions, synchronization mechanism, THz radiation
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-213924DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.13.132ISI: 000906208900001PubMedID: 36636736Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85146715003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-213924DiVA, id: diva2:1728402
Available from: 2023-01-18 Created: 2023-01-18 Last updated: 2024-05-24Bibliographically approved

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Cattaneo, RogerKrasnov, Vladimir M.

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