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Multimodal Emotion Recognition Is Resilient to Insufficient Sleep: Results From Cross-Sectional and Experimental Studies
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Kognitiv psykologi.
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Biologisk psykologi.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 40, nr 11, artikkel-id zsx145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Insufficient sleep has been associated with impaired recognition of facial emotions. However, previous studies have found inconsistent results, potentially stemming from the type of static picture task used. We therefore examined whether insufficient sleep was associated with decreased emotion recognition ability in two separate studies using a dynamic multimodal task.

Methods: Study 1 used a cross-sectional design consisting of 291 participants with questionnaire measures assessing sleep duration and self-reported sleep quality for the previous night. Study 2 used an experimental design involving 181 participants where individuals were quasi-randomized into either a sleep-deprivation (N = 90) or a sleep-control (N = 91) condition. All participants from both studies were tested on the same forced-choice multimodal test of emotion recognition to assess the accuracy of emotion categorization.

Results: Sleep duration, self-reported sleep quality (study 1), and sleep deprivation (study 2) did not predict overall emotion recognition accuracy or speed. Similarly, the responses to each of the twelve emotions tested showed no evidence of impaired recognition ability, apart from one positive association suggesting that greater self-reported sleep quality could predict more accurate recognition of disgust (study 1).

Conclusions: The studies presented here involve considerably larger samples than previous studies and the results support the null hypotheses. Therefore, we suggest that the ability to accurately categorize the emotions of others is not associated with short-term sleep duration or sleep quality and is resilient to acute periods of insufficient sleep.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 40, nr 11, artikkel-id zsx145
Emneord [en]
sleep deprivation, emotion, emotion recognition, perception, social
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-149107DOI: 10.1093/sleep/zsx145ISI: 000417043000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-149107DiVA, id: diva2:1157871
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-16 Laget: 2017-11-16 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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