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Short and Long-Term Controls on Active Layer and Permafrost Carbon Turnover Across the Arctic
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi.
Vise andre og tillknytning
Rekke forfattare: 92018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, ISSN 2169-8953, E-ISSN 2169-8961, Vol. 123, nr 2, s. 372-390Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) in permafrost terrain and the production of greenhouse gases is a key factor for understanding climate change-carbon feedbacks. Previous studies have shown that SOM decomposition is mostly controlled by soil temperature, soil moisture, and carbon-nitrogen ratio (C:N). However, focus has generally been on site-specific processes and little is known about variations in the controls on SOM decomposition across Arctic sites. For assessing SOM decomposition, we retrieved 241 samples from 101 soil profiles across three contrasting Arctic regions and incubated them in the laboratory under aerobic conditions. We assessed soil carbon losses (C-loss) five times during a 1year incubation. The incubated material consisted of near-surface active layer (AL(NS)), subsurface active layer (AL(SS)), peat, and permafrost samples. Samples were analyzed for carbon, nitrogen, water content, C-13, N-15, and dry bulk density (DBD). While no significant differences were observed between total AL(SS) and permafrost C-loss over 1year incubation (2.32.4% and 2.51.5% C-loss, respectively), AL(NS) samples showed higher C-loss (7.94.2%). DBD was the best explanatory parameter for active layer C-loss across sites. Additionally, results of permafrost samples show that C:N ratio can be used to characterize initial C-loss between sites. This data set on the influence of abiotic parameter on microbial SOM decomposition can improve model simulations of Arctic soil CO2 production by providing representative mean values of CO2 production rates and identifying standard parameters or proxies for upscaling potential CO2 production from site to regional scales.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 123, nr 2, s. 372-390
Emneord [en]
permafrost, carbon, carbon mineralization, decomposition, carbon dioxide
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156017DOI: 10.1002/2017JG004069ISI: 000427478500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156017DiVA, id: diva2:1203896
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-05-04 Laget: 2018-05-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-04bibliografisk kontrollert

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Weiss, NielsSiewert, Matthias BenjaminHugelius, GustafKuhry, Peter
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