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Your Loss Is My Gain: A Recruitment Experiment with Framed Incentives
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi.
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of the European Economic Association, ISSN 1542-4766, E-ISSN 1542-4774, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 522-559Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

As predicted by loss aversion, numerous studies find that penalties elicit greater effort than bonuses, even when the underlying payoffs are identical. However, loss aversion also predicts that workers will demand higher wages to accept penalty contracts. In six experiments I recruited workers online under framed incentive contracts to test the second prediction. None find evidence for the predicted distaste for penalty contracts. In four experiments penalty framing actually increased the job offer acceptance rate relative to bonus framing. I rule out a number of explanations, most notably self-commitment motives do not seem to explain the finding. Two experiments that manipulate salience are successful at eliminating the effect, but do not significantly reverse it. Overall, loss aversion seems to play surprisingly little role in this setting. The results also highlight the importance of behavioral biases for infrequent, binding decisions such as contract take-up. (JEL: D03, J41, D86)

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 522-559
HSV kategori
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-159485DOI: 10.1093/jeea/jvx016ISI: 000452733700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-159485DiVA, id: diva2:1243415
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-08-31 Laget: 2018-08-31 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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