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Seafood Trade Routes for Lobster Obscure Teleconnected Vulnerabilities
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1617-4067
Rekke forfattare: 42018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Marine Science, E-ISSN 2296-7745, Vol. 5, artikkel-id UNSP 239Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Reliance on international seafood markets leaves small-scale fishers and fishing economies vulnerable to distant disturbances that can negatively affect market prices and trigger social, economic, and environmental crises at local levels. This paper examines the role of seafood trade routes and re-exports in masking such market linkages. We employ a network approach to map the global trade routes of lobster (Homarus spp.) from small-scale producers in North America to terminal markets and evaluate the extent to which intermediary nations act to obscure producer-market relationships. In taking this approach, we provide a method for systematically measuring teleconnectivity created through seafood trade routes, and thus making explicit vulnerabilities to small-scale fisheries from this teleconnectivity. Our empirical analysis shows that the perceived trade diversification of lobster producers is masking increased dependencies on a reduced number of end-markets, particularly in Asia. These results suggest, paradoxically, that the apparent diversification of trade partnerships may actually amplify, rather than reduce, the vulnerabilities of small-scale fishers associated with international trade by making risk harder to identify and anticipate. We discuss our results in the context of local fisheries and global seafood trade and describe key impediments to being able to monitor market dependencies and exposure to potential vulnerabilities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 5, artikkel-id UNSP 239
Emneord [en]
seafood trade, teleconnectivity, globalization, lobster, China, vulnerability
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166871DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00239ISI: 000457177000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166871DiVA, id: diva2:1294097
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-06 Laget: 2019-03-06 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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