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The Concept of Language in the Swedish Preschool Curriculum: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination of its Productions
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3688-4357
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Children's language development is a core task in Swedish preschool and central to how the educators organize teaching and everyday activities. The curriculum's definition of language is described as extended, with language both as a prerequisite for learning and as a learning effect, that is, both internal processes and communication. This means that working methods and didactic strategies rely on many different epistemologies and thus different theoretical perspectives. Nevertheless, the research literature as well as assessments of the Swedish preschool services, show that educators’ interpretation of the curriculum is primarily sociocultural oriented. This is not entirely converging with how language is conceptualized in the Swedish preschool curriculum. Against this background, the aim of this paper is to perform a theoretical and empirical investigation of the extended language concept in the curriculum with the intention to understand what the consequences of this extended meaning of language produces in terms of teaching and learning practices. I have performed a tracing of the various epistemologies in language didactic preschool research and related this tracing analysis to empirical examples from preschool practices. The results of my analysis show that the practices are predominantly interpersonally framed, which corresponds to the emphasis in research. In a further analysis, where the empirical examples are read from other possible epistemologies, the practices can be perceived to be multi-epistemological in a fashion which corresponds to the curriculum conceptualization of language. This is discussed as opportunities for a didactic strengthening of presently neglected perspectives.

Emneord [en]
Swedish preschool, Didactics, Language theories, Literacy practices, Multiple epistemologies, Teaching
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
förskoledidaktik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-171256DiVA, id: diva2:1340294
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-04 Laget: 2019-08-04 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. När förskolan möter neurovetenskap: Kunskapsteoretiska möten i teori och i praktik
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>När förskolan möter neurovetenskap: Kunskapsteoretiska möten i teori och i praktik
2019 (svensk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
When preschool meets neuroscience : Epistemological encounters in theory and in practice
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis in Early Childhood Education reports on encounters between the theories and practices of Swedish preschool and research-based neuroscience knowledge. Thus, this thesis concerns epistemological encounters and didactic consequences. The scientific problem pertains to the relation between scientifically generated knowledge and educational practices in preschool, with specific attention to the requirement that preschool, as the first level in the Swedish education system, should be based on scientific knowledge and verified experience-based knowledge. The didactic problem emerging from this scientific problem concerns how this might affect the daily practices of responsible preschool teachers and educators at large.

The thesis adopts a relational ontology with a multi-epistemological and methodological approach, based primarily on Stengers’ (e.g., 2018) and Mols’ (e.g., 2002) respective scholarship. The aims of the thesis are to investigate, firstly; what is produced in epistemological encounters within and between the research fields of Early Childhood Education and neuroscience. Secondly; what is produced between these fields and preschool didactic practices. The focus for the latter is on the didactic practices relying on the extended language concept in the Swedish preschool curriculum.

To explore these aims in more detail, a series of so-called cartography mapping exercises have been conducted. On the one hand, in the analyses of the literature aimed at bringing the two fields together. On the other hand, cartography mapping has been conducted with educators in three preschools collaboratively analyzing their literacy practices. The Deleuze-inspired (Deleuze & Guattari, 1987) methodology of cartography mapping aspire to simultaneously critically deconstruct and productively experiment with underlying lines of thinking emerging from scientific or philosophical problems that concern development and learning, and especially language development and skills of literacy during the preschool years (Lenz Taguchi, 2016a, 2016b).

The knowledge that this thesis produces is summarized below. Cartography mapping can be used both as a research method and as a method in pedagogical practice. In addition, cartography mapping can accommodate issues in different epistemologies and in different practices, such as research practice and preschool didactic practice. That is, practices that are related and share an overarching aim, but which are nevertheless not the same. The method reveals the different epistemologies present and how they can operate simultaneously within preschool didactic practice. The results from the thesis support the Swedish preschool curriculum goals which encompasses a dual assignment of learning (group and individual), that require different epistemological and didactic methods to be fulfilled.

A preschool practice based on scientific evidence and verified experience-based knowledge thus requires the use of a wide range of theories and epistemologies to guide preschool staff. Hence, the results of this thesis show not just the presence, but also the possibility of developing a multi-epistemological didactic repertoire in preschool development and learning practices.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet, 2019. s. 156
Emneord
neuroeducation, educational neuroscience, Swedish preschool, early childhood education, cartographic mapping, neuropedagogik, pedagogisk neurovetenskap, svensk förskola, förskoledidaktik, kartografiskt spårande
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
förskoledidaktik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171252 (URN)978-91-7797-745-2 (ISBN)978-91-7797-746-9 (ISBN)
Disputas
2019-09-20, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Manuscript.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-28 Laget: 2019-08-04 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-19bibliografisk kontrollert

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