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The Informed Gaze: On the Implications of ICT-Based Surveillance
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Information and communication technologies are not value-neutral. I examine two domains, public health surveillance and sustainability, in five papers covering: (i) the design and development of a software package for computer-assisted outbreak detection; (ii) a workflow for using simulation models to provide policy advice and a list of challenges for its practice; (iii) an analysis of design documents from three smart home projects presenting intersecting visions of sustainability; (iv) an analysis of EU-financed projects dealing with sustainability and ICT; (v) an analysis of the consequences of design choices when creating surveillance technologies. My contributions include three empirical studies of surveillance discourses where I identify the forms of action that are privileged and the values that are embedded into them. In these discourses, the presence of ICT entails increased surveillance, privileging technological expertise, and prioritising centralised forms of knowledge.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University , 2013. , s. 68
Serie
SICS dissertation series, ISSN 1101-1335 ; 66Report Series / Department of Computer & Systems Sciences, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 13-006
Emneord [en]
ICT, discourse, surveillance, design, sustainability, outbreak detection
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92956ISBN: 978-91-7447-669-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-92956DiVA, id: diva2:643436
Disputas
2013-10-15, sal C, Forum 100, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript. Paper 5: Manuscript.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-23 Laget: 2013-08-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. CASE: A Framework for Computer Supported Outbreak Detection
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>CASE: A Framework for Computer Supported Outbreak Detection
Vise andre…
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 10, nr 14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In computer supported outbreak detection, a statistical method is applied to a collection of cases to detect any excess cases for a particular disease. Whether a detected aberration is a true outbreak is decided by a human expert. We present a technical framework designed and implemented at the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control for computer supported outbreak detection, where a database of case reports for a large number of infectious diseases can be processed using one or more statistical methods selected by the user.

Results: Based on case information, such as diagnosis and date, different statistical algorithms for detecting outbreaks can be applied, both on the disease level and the subtype level. The parameter settings for the algorithms can be configured independently for different diagnoses using the provided graphical interface. Input generators and output parsers are also provided for all supported algorithms. If an outbreak signal is detected, an email notification is sent to the persons listed as receivers for that particular disease.

Conclusions: The framework is available as open source software, licensed under GNU General Public License Version 3. By making the code open source, we wish to encourage others to contribute to the future development of computer supported outbreak detection systems, and in particular to the development of the CASE framework.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92980 (URN)10.1186/1472-6947-10-14 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-27 Laget: 2013-08-27 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
2. A Workflow for Software Development within Computational Epidemiology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Workflow for Software Development within Computational Epidemiology
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Computational Science, ISSN 1877-7503, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 216-222Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A critical investigation into computational models developed for studying the spread of communicable disease is presented. The case in point is a spatially explicit micro-meso-macro model for the entire Swedish population built on registry data, thus far used for smallpox and for influenza-like illnesses. The lessons learned from a software development project of more than 100 person months are collected into a check list. The list is intended for use by computational epidemiologists and policy makers, and the workflow incorporating these two roles is described in detail.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92981 (URN)10.1016/j.jocs.2011.05.004 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-27 Laget: 2013-08-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Sustainability through surveillance: ICT discourses in design documents
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sustainability through surveillance: ICT discourses in design documents
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Surveillance & Society, ISSN 1477-7487, E-ISSN 1477-7487, Vol. 11, nr 1/2, s. 177-189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, I examine design documents from three different ICT design and development projects. I argue that they present intersecting visions of sustainability entailing the wide-spread use of ICT, describe the properties of users compatible with such ICT, and provide ways of judging the users. In the design documents, the inhabitants are made individually responsible for living sustainably, and surveillance is positioned as integral to this future with the help of ICT. Underlying the visions, I identify a translation process that captures the traces of the inhabitants' lives, classifies them according to different criteria of sustainable living, and returns them to the tapestry of everyday life to convince the users to behave differently. In the discourses of these documents, surveillance translates the traces, and the translations exert new pressures on existing power relations.

Emneord
ICT, surveillance, design, discourse, translation, sustainability
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-92954 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-27 Laget: 2013-08-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-05bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Changing Behaviour to Save Energy: ICT-Based Surveillance for a Low-Carbon Economy in the Seventh Framework Programme
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Changing Behaviour to Save Energy: ICT-Based Surveillance for a Low-Carbon Economy in the Seventh Framework Programme
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93446 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-09 Laget: 2013-09-09 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
5. Detecting the Visible: The Discursive Construction of Health Threats in Syndromic Surveillance System Design
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Detecting the Visible: The Discursive Construction of Health Threats in Syndromic Surveillance System Design
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
data- och systemvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-93447 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-09 Laget: 2013-09-09 Sist oppdatert: 2013-09-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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