Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Cross-cultural variation in the association between family's socioeconomic status and adolescent alcohol use
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). IFT Institute for Therapeutic Research, Germany.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7282-0217
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
Antal upphovsmän: 52017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 36, nr 6, s. 797-804Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction and Aims. This study estimates cross-country variation in socioeconomic disparities in adolescent alcohol use and identifies country-level characteristics associated with these disparities. Design and Methods. The association between socioeconomic status (family wealth and parental education) and alcohol use (lifetime use and episodic heavy drinking) of 15- to 16-year-olds from 32 European countries was investigated. Country-level characteristics were national income, income inequality and per capita alcohol consumption. Multilevel modelling was applied. Results. Across countries, lifetime use was lower in wealthy than in less wealthy families (odds ratio [OR]((girls))=0.95, OR(boys)=0.94). The risk of episodic heavy drinking, in contrast, was higher for children from wealthier families (OR(girls)=1.04, OR(boys)=1.08) and lower when parents were highly educated (ORs=0.95-0.98). Socioeconomic disparities varied substantially between countries. National wealth and income inequality were associated with cross-country variation of disparities in lifetime use in few comparisons, such that among girls, the (negative) effect of family wealth was greatest in countries with unequally distributed income (OR=0.86). Among boys, the (negative) effect of family wealth was greatest in low-income countries (OR=1.00), and the (positive) effect of mothers' education was greatest in countries with high income inequality (OR=1.11). Discussion and Conclusions. Socioeconomic disparities in adolescent alcohol use vary across European countries. Broad country-level indicators can explain this variation only to a limited extent, but results point towards slightly greater socioeconomic disparities in drinking in countries of low national income and countries with a high income inequality. [Gomes de Matos E, Kraus L, Hannemann T-V, Soellner R, Piontek D. Cross-cultural variation in the association between family's socioeconomic status and adolescent alcohol use.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 36, nr 6, s. 797-804
Nyckelord [en]
drinking, affluence, education, inequalities, multilevel analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Beroendelära
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150014DOI: 10.1111/dar.12569ISI: 000414761300010PubMedID: 28557144OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-150014DiVA, id: diva2:1167667
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-19 Skapad: 2017-12-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-28Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Person

Kraus, Ludwig

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Kraus, Ludwig
Av organisationen
Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD)
I samma tidskrift
Drug and Alcohol Review
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologiBeroendelära

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 37 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf