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A loss of heterozygosity, a loss in competition? The effects of inbreeding, pre- and postnatal conditions on nestling development.
University of Antwerp, Belgium.
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 6, nr 21, s. 7921-7930Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The early developmental trajectory is affected by genetic and environmental factors that co-depend and interact often in a complex way. In order to distinguish their respective roles, we used canaries (Serinus canaria) of different genetic backgrounds (inbred and outbred birds). An artificial size hierarchy was created to provoke within-nest competition, manipulating postnatal conditions. To this end, inbred birds were weight-matched with outbred birds into duos, and each nest contained one duo of size-advantaged, and one duo of size-disadvantaged inbred and outbred nestlings. Prenatal (maternal) effects were taken into account also, enabling us to study the separate as well as the interactive effects of inbreeding, pre- and postnatal conditions on nestling development. We find that postnatal conditions were the most important determinant of early growth, with size-advantaged nestlings growing faster and obtaining larger size/body mass at fledging in comparison with size-disadvantaged nestlings. Prenatal conditions were important too, with birds that hatched from eggs that were laid late in the laying order obtaining a larger size at fledging than those hatched from early laid eggs. Inbreeding inhibited growth, but surprisingly this did not depend on (dis)advantageous pre- or postnatal conditions. Our findings imply that inbred individuals lose when they are in direct competition with same-sized outbred individuals regardless of the rearing conditions, and we thus propose that reduced competitiveness is one of the driving forces of inbreeding depression.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. Vol. 6, nr 21, s. 7921-7930
Nyckelord [en]
canary, hatching asynchrony, inbreeding–environment interaction, maternal effects, songbird
Nationell ämneskategori
Evolutionsbiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163400DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2496PubMedID: 30128140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163400DiVA, id: diva2:1274509
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-01 Skapad: 2019-01-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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