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Multicomponent new particle formation from sulfuric acid, ammonia, and biogenic vapors
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Antal upphovsmän: 922018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 4, nr 12, artikel-id eaau5363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A major fraction of atmospheric aerosol particles, which affect both air quality and climate, form from gaseous precursors in the atmosphere. Highly oxygenated organic molecules (HOMs), formed by oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds, are known to participate in particle formation and growth. However, it is not well understood how they interact with atmospheric pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx) from fossil fuel combustion, as well as ammonia (NH3) from livestock and fertilizers. Here, we show how NOx suppresses particle formation, while HOMs, sulfuric acid, and NH3 have a synergistic enhancing effect on particle formation. We postulate a novel mechanism, involving HOMs, sulfuric acid, and ammonia, which is able to closely reproduce observations of particle formation and growth in daytime boreal forest and similar environments. The findings elucidate the complex interactions between biogenic and anthropogenic vapors in the atmospheric aerosol system.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 4, nr 12, artikel-id eaau5363
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik Kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165730DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau5363ISI: 000454369600029PubMedID: 30547087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165730DiVA, id: diva2:1286300
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-06 Skapad: 2019-02-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lehtipalo, KatrianneDada, LubnaBianchi, FedericoWagner, RobertAhonen, Lauri R.Mazon, Stephany BuenrostroChen, DexianChen, XuemengGarmash, OlgaHe, XuchengHeikkinen, LiineKangasluoma, JuhaKirkby, JasperKontkanen, JenniNichman, LeonidPassananti, MonicaPetaja, TuukkaRissanen, Matti P.Sipila, MikkoTauber, ChristianVolkamer, RainerWagner, Andrea C.Zha, QiaozhiHansel, ArminRiipinen, IlonaVirtanen, Annele
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