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Inorganic Suspended Matter as an indicator of terrestrial influence in Baltic Sea coastal areas - algorithm development, validation and ecological relevance
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik.
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Forskningsämne
marin ekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170587DiVA, id: diva2:1341923
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-12 Skapad: 2019-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Baltic Sea from Space: The use of ocean colour data to improve our understanding of ecological drivers across the Baltic Sea basin – algorithm development, validation and ecological applications
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Baltic Sea from Space: The use of ocean colour data to improve our understanding of ecological drivers across the Baltic Sea basin – algorithm development, validation and ecological applications
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Coastal areas are the most densely populated areas in the world and thus are under immense anthropogenic pressure. To ensure their function and ecological role, coastal areas require continuous monitoring and management. The rapidly emerging field of satellite remote sensing provides a unique opportunity to monitor both land and oceans from Space. This thesis explores recent developments in ocean colour remote sensing, tests several image processing algorithms, evaluates and maps water quality indicators – both on local and Baltic Sea-wide scale – as well as provides essential monitoring data to complement already existing ship-based monitoring and modelling techniques. The overall aim of the thesis is to broaden our understanding and applicability of ocean colour remote sensing for improved modelling and management of the Baltic Sea and its coastal areas.

The thesis deals with four independent research topics. In paper I the spatial distribution of Total Suspended Matter (TSM) during the summer season is evaluated using the European Space Agency’s (ESA) MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS). The TSM distribution and concentration is retrieved quantitatively from MERIS data for the HELCOM-defined Baltic Sea sub-basins for the summer seasons 2009, 2010, 2011, and summarized in a 3-year summer composite image. Manuscript II deals with the correspondence between satellite, in situ and modelled data in Bråviken bay, NW Baltic proper, which is optically dominated by Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM). Chlorophyll-a (CHL-a) and Secchi depth data are analyzed along a horizontal transects reaching from the inner coastal bay out into the open sea. The study addresses the scarcity of in situ monitoring data in comparison to satellite and modelled data. Further, an empirical relationship is established between modelled total nitrogen and CHL-a derived from satellite, potentially allowing to infer information on the distribution of total nitrogen from satellite data. Paper III evaluates the performance of MERIS’s successor – the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) launched on board Sentinel-3A (S3A) satellite. The water quality products derived from S3A OLCI using the Case-2 Regional CoastColour Processor are evaluated via several dedicated validation campaigns (2016-2018) in the NW Baltic proper. In manuscript IV, the in-water relationship between particle scatter at 440 nm and Inorganic Suspended Particulate Matter (ISPM) is used to develop a novel algorithm to derive ISPM from satellite-derived scatter. This algorithm was applied to OLCI data and tested on an independent dataset. The algorithm allows to map the distribution of ISPM across the Baltic Sea basin and to assess the influence of coastal processes.

The key outcome of this thesis are reliable water-quality products generated on a Baltic Sea-wide scale, using state-of-the-art Ocean Colour data. Specifically, the thesis highlights the benefits of using remote sensing to improve our understanding of coastal and dynamical processes, as well as Baltic Sea ecology on a wider scale, which simply is not possible by any other scientific means. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, 2019
Nyckelord
Ocean Colour, MERIS, OLCI, water quality, marine ecology, coastal areas, Baltic Sea
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekologi
Forskningsämne
marin ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170588 (URN)978-91-7797-793-3 (ISBN)978-91-7797-794-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-09-27, sal P216, NPQ-huset, Svante Arrhenius väg 20 A, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Rymdstyrelsen, Dnr. 147/12The European Space Agency (ESA), ESA/ESRIN project 12352/08/I-OLNordForsk, Project 80106
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-04 Skapad: 2019-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-27Bibliografiskt granskad

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Kratzer, SusanneKyryliuk, Dmytro
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Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik
Biologiska vetenskaper

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