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Land use conflicts between biomass and power production – citizens’ participation in the technology development of Agrophotovoltaics
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany; Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum, Germany.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8115-2000
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Responsible Innovation, ISSN 2329-9460, E-ISSN 2329-9037Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Despite the technical feasibility of renewable energy technologies and their contribution to climate-friendly power production public opposition can be a hurdle for new installations of renewable energy plants. This study assesses citizens’ perceptions of the Agrophotovoltaics (APV) technology by applying the Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) concept. APV combines biomass cultivation and solar power production at the same site in order to reduce land use conflict of food vs. energy production. In a workshop, citizens’ perception on APV before building the first pilot plant was investigated to analyze relevant aspects for the innovation process and its framework at an early stage of the technology development process. This paper describes the findings from this workshop focusing on the impact of APV on landscape, biodiversity, economy, and on the requirements for regulatory framework.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019.
Nyckelord [en]
Agrophotovoltaics, citizens’ participation, RRI, renewable energies
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
naturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177395DOI: 10.1080/23299460.2019.1647085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-177395DiVA, id: diva2:1382752
Tillgänglig från: 2020-01-05 Skapad: 2020-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-13
Ingår i avhandling
1. Land Use Conflicts between Agriculture and Energy Production: Systems Approaches to Allocate Potentials for Bioenergy and Agrophotovoltaics
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Land Use Conflicts between Agriculture and Energy Production: Systems Approaches to Allocate Potentials for Bioenergy and Agrophotovoltaics
2020 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The developments towards a bio-based economy and a renewable energy-based power supply require thorough assessments of feedstocks and frameworks. In the past, political targets for increasing shares of renewable energies for combatting climate change have triggered direct land use changes (LUCs) and even indirect land use changes (iLUCs). As a consequence, residues from grassland and agriculture, which are not used for other purposes, got into the focus of renewable energy policies. Despite the technical feasibility, a general approach for assessing amounts of residues has been lacking, making planning processes for bioenergy highly customized. This study introduces a general, uniform modeling-approach based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and publicly available statistical and map data to locate potentials on a 1 km-grid throughout the European Union (EU). Sustainable potentials were calculated for five model regions in Northwest Europe considering input data such as animal livestock, regional (elevation-dependent) yield data, protection areas, and residue-to-crop ratios. Framing two scenarios, the model results were fed into a Decision Support Tool (DST) as a planning tool for bioenergy. Agricultural residues and surplus grass may provide significant potentials on regional levels, e.g. up to 52,236 TJ/ a from straw and 1,301 TJ/ a from root crop residues in Northrhine-Westphalia, or 9,141 TJ/ a from oil plant residues in Île de France, and 12,226 TJ of surplus grass in Rhineland-Palatinate.

At the same time, ground mounted PV-systems were installed on arable land formerly used for food or feed production. Hence, high quality soils were taken out of agricultural production. For addressing this type of conflict, Agrophotovoltaic (APV) systems combine agricultural biomass and solar power production on the same site and time for increasing area use efficiency. Even though APV might prove suitable in the technical sense, it might be rejected by society i.e. due to its landscape impact. The Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI)-concept was applied for APV by involving stakeholders already in the technology development process. In a series of workshops with citizens and experts, a comprehensive analysis of the driving and restraining forces for APV was done. A System Dynamics approach with Causal Loop Diagrams (CLD) visualizes and reveals the internal and external dynamics of the APV-technology. Stakeholders have pointed out the importance of defining a good framework for APV first, i.e. roof and industrial areas for PV system shall be exploited first. Any change in the set-up for the PV-system impacts the conditions for the agricultural cultivation conditions, i.e. the height and width of the mounting system influences the working conditions and distribution of water. The shading of the plants can increase the yields in dry and hot summers, while it may lead to yield reductions in other years. The acceptance level is driven by regional aspects such as tourism, local recreation and landscape impact. In this way, local knowledge from participatory studies is seen as prerequisite for a legitimate framework.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, 2020. s. 44
Serie
Dissertations in Physical Geography, ISSN 2003-2358 ; 4
Nyckelord
Renewable energies, Geographic Information Systems, Agrophotovoltaics, Participatory technology development, Responsible Research and Innovation
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturgeografi
Forskningsämne
naturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-177399 (URN)978-91-7911-014-7 (ISBN)978-91-7911-015-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2020-04-24, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2020-04-01 Skapad: 2020-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Ketzer, DanielWeinberger, NoraRösch, ChristineSeitz, Stefanie B.
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Institutionen för naturgeografi
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