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Intransitivity and transitivity of preferences: Dimensional processing in decision making
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen, Kognitiv psykologi.
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Decision, ISSN 2325-9965, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 287-313Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Transitive preference, that is, if you prefer apples to bananas and bananas to cherries, you also prefer apples to cherries, is a basic property of some influential rational choice models. Contrary to this, Tversky, in his seminal 1969 article, presented evidence of intransitive preferences in two contexts, one of which involved choices between simple monetary lotteries. While early replications corroborated his findings, more recent research cast doubt on the strength of evidence of intransitive preferences in this task. Here, from Tversky’s extended additive difference model we develop a simplified additive difference (SAD) model that corresponds to alternative dimensional processing strategies. This predicts transitive or intransitive preferences, depending on its parameter values. We review six replications of Tversky’s lottery task and fit variants of the model to the choice data. We estimate the SAD model’s parameters for each individual data set using maximum likelihood estimation, examine the goodness of fit of the model, and use likelihood ratio tests to evaluate specific variants. The model has a very good fit to most individual choice data sets reviewed, with many predictably violating weak stochastic transitivity. We also find that many transitive patterns correspond to the application of simple, one-dimensional “take the best” heuristics. The findings support the view that human decision making is often based on dimensional processing in such a way that evaluations of decision alternatives are relative to the set under consideration, resulting in intransitivity of preferences.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Psychological Association (APA), 2020. Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 287-313
Nyckelord [en]
preferences, intransitivity, transitivity, dimensional processing, decision making
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-191913DOI: 10.1037/dec0000139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-191913DiVA, id: diva2:1542069
Tillgänglig från: 2021-04-06 Skapad: 2021-04-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-25Bibliografiskt granskad

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Montgomery, Henry

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