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Domesticated Forest Landscapes in Central Scandinavia during the Iron Age: Resource Colonization for Iron and Subsistence Strategies based on Livestock
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7580-5135
Antal upphovsmän: 12023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of field archaeology, ISSN 0093-4690, E-ISSN 2042-4582, Vol. 48, nr 4, s. 315-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores how resource colonization for iron in central Sweden during the early Iron Age may have affected the use of forest landscapes. Slag heap volume at iron production sites was used to estimate the amount of forest resources required for charcoal production. Forest resources required for livestock grazing and fodder were estimated from literature sources. To produce charcoal at iron production sites, forests were harvested, creating conditions suitable for grazing. Production of livestock winter fodder, leaf-hay, became a constraint due to the conflict between grazing grounds and fodder producing areas near main settlements. Although availability of forest was not limiting, a combination of opportunities and constraints is suggested to have promoted a new spatial ordering of land use. This included land closest to the main settlements allocated to fodder production and development of secondary seasonal settlements (shielings) at iron production sites, which could be exploited for livestock grazing. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2023. Vol. 48, nr 4, s. 315-326
Nyckelord [en]
boreal, bloomery iron, charcoal, forest grazing, leaf-hay, niche construction, shielings
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi Naturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-215766DOI: 10.1080/00934690.2023.2179186ISI: 000937813100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85148516297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-215766DiVA, id: diva2:1746490
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-28 Skapad: 2023-03-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Eriksson, Ove

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Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och botanik
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Journal of field archaeology
ArkeologiNaturgeografi

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