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Meso/macroporous, mechanically stable silica monoliths of complex shape by controlled fusion of mesoporous spherical particles
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5702-0681
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 18, s. 4933-4938Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2006. Vol. 18, s. 4933-4938
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-10678DOI: 10.1021/cm061205vOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-10678DiVA, id: diva2:177197
Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-06 Skapad: 2008-01-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Functionalization and processing of porous powders into hierarchically porous monoliths
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Functionalization and processing of porous powders into hierarchically porous monoliths
2009 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Inorganic porous materials are widely used in a number of applications, where is a need to functionalize and produce materials with a multiscale porosity. The first part of the thesis describes how a novel and facile powder processing approach, using pulsed current processing (PCP) or, as it is commonly called, spark plasma sintering (SPS), has been employed to produce mechanically stable, hierarchically porous bodies from different porous powders.

Surfactant-templated mesoporous spheres were PCP-treated to yield meso/macro porous monoliths. The bimodal pore size can be tailored by choice of templating molecules in the aerosol-assisted synthesis process and by the particle size of the spheres. Diatomite powders were used to produce macro/macroporous monoliths. The densification behaviour of this inexpensive and renewable macroporous raw material was evaluated in detail, and an optimum temperature range was identified where the PCP process yields mechanically strong monoliths.

Binder-less, hierarchically porous zeolite monoliths were produced from various zeolite powders, e.g. silicalite-1, ZSM-5 and zeolite Y. Line-broadening analysis of X-ray powder diffraction data by the Rietveld method and electron microscopy showed that the formation of strong interparticle bonds during the PCP process is associated with a local amorphization reaction that is induced by the high contact stress and temperature. Xylene isomerisation studies showed that binder-less ZSM-5 monoliths display a high catalytic selectivity.

Direct (in-situ) nanoparticle functionalization of surfactant templated mesoporous silica particles has also been demonstrated. Pre-synthesized TiO2 nanoparticles were dispersed in a precursor solution, containing surfactant and silica source, and processed in an aerosol-generator to produce spherical nanoparticle-functionalized mesoporous particles.

 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2009. s. 79
Nyckelord
Porous, zeolite, hierarchical, monolith, nanoparticle, functionalization, amorphization, PCP, SPS, pulsed current processing, spark plasma sintering.
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemi
Forskningsämne
oorganisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-27496 (URN)978-91-7155-880-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2009-06-08, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-18 Skapad: 2009-05-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-01-15Bibliografiskt granskad

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Shen, Z. J.Bergström, L.
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Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi
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Chemistry of Materials

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